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JANUARY 4, 1958 

Brethren fled to America in 1719 to escape persecution for religious beliefs; 
today Brethren Service work abroad helps care for millions of such refugees 


Century of the Homeless. 

Dan Raffensperger 3 

25 New Churches a Year. 

Charles E. Zunkel 6 

West Coast Opportunities. 

Galen B. Ogden 8 

A Congregation Plans. 

Robert L. Sherfy 10 

Local Church History. 

Donald W. Rummel 13 

18th Century Vacation. 

Donald H. Shank 16 

"Let Us Break Bread . . ." 

D. W. Bittinger 19 

Hymns and Organs. 

A. Stauffer Curry 21 

Publishing in Our Church. 

Harry A. Brandt 24 

This Book She Had to Write. 

Harold Z. Bomberger 26 

Medicine and Missionaries. 

Rolland C. Flory 28 

Historical Highlights. 

Elizabeth Weigle 30 

Gospel Messenger 

"77/// Kingdom Come" 

Ueai Kea^ 


- - - - Editor 
Editorial Assistant 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER, official organ of the Church 
of the Brethren. Published weekly by the General Brother- 
hood Board, Norman J. Baugher, General Secretary, 22 
S. State St., Elgin, 111., at $3.50 per annum in advance. Life 
subscription, $50, husband and wife, $60. Entered at the 
post office at Elgin, 111., as second-class matter. Acceptance 
for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in 
section 1103, Act of October 3, 1917, authorized Aug. 20, 
1918. Printed in U.S.A. 

MEMBER: The Associated Church Press 

SUBSCRIBER: Religious News Service, Ecumenical Press 
Service, World Around Press 

The special articles in this issue, the first 
during our 250th Anniversary year, reflect tp 
some extent our historic past. 

To quote S. Loren Bowman, chairman of 
the General Brotherhood Board: "All of us 
know we stand where we do today because 
we stand on the shoulders of those who la- 
bored ahead of us. 

"In gratitude we need to keep alive what 
is \'ital, true, and helpful in the accomplish- 
ments of our forefathers. 

"Often during this Anniversary Year, we 
should thank God for those who brought us 
to this point in our history. Our anniversary 
should inspire us to clarify the purposes and 
goals of the church. It should provoke us to 
examine our responsibility for the unfinished 
work of the church. 

"Our chief purpose is to project into to- 
day's world as a living, transforming force 
whatever is essential and helpful from our 

"How can we make the wholeness of 
Christ relevant to the life-needs of our day? 
This is the challenge of our celebration. We 
are not charged with keeping the church as 
she was, nor as she is. We are charged with 
helping Christ live anew in our times with the 
full force of God's redemptive love. 

"Therefore, our anniversary should lead 
every member to a deeper dedication to 
Christ. Indeed, anv Christian celebration that 
does not lead to dedication misses its mark. 

"None of the things envisioned in the Anni- 
versary Call will hapoen unless they begin 
with you and me. They all hinge on our 
personal dedication to Christ." 

Let us take Mr. Bowman's words to heart. 
Whether we attended the inaugural love feast 
at our Mother Church in Germantown, on 
New Year's Day, or plan to attend the anni- 
versary love feast in our local church let us 
reverently and sincerely rededicate ourselves 
to work as Brethren Under the Lordship of 
Christ for the upbuilding of his church. 

JANUARY 4, 1958 

Volume 107 

Number 1 

T/ie Oc)itcls 



Century of the Homeless 

By Dan Raffensperger 

OUR AGE MAY be remembered not for a 
mushroom cloud of power or a 23-inch, 
whirhng sphere, but by the picture of a tired, 
discouraged family, belongings in their hands, 
turning their backs on a home of memories to 
begin over again in a land of uncertainty. 

Today in \Vestern Germany there are 
11,500,000 of these homeless expellees and 
refugees who have poured out of Soviet and 
Polish controlled areas to the East, a figure 
equal to the combined 1950 populations of 
Arizona, Colorado, Delaware, Nebraska, Ida- 
ho, Maine, Montana, Nevada, New Hamp- 
shire, New Mexico, North Dakota, South 
Dakota, Rhode Island, Utah, Vermont and 
Wyoming. An expellee is a person who law- 
fully, sometimes under force, leaves his native 

Following the war and the subsequent 
division of Germany by the victorious powers, 
those Germans East of the Oder-Neisse River 
fell under Polish government control. Life 
there is difficult for all, the scars of the war 
healing slowly. 

But for the Germans, their origin and 
even their language lead to increased hard- 
ships at the hands of the Polish occupation 
and authoiities. They have become foreign- 
ers in their own homeland. 

Many of these Germans have relatives 
now living in Western Germany. A written 
invitation by them is recognized by the Polish 
government and permission is granted for the 
Germans to leave all their possessions behind 
them and travel westward. Poland is, in turn. 

Gift clothing is distributed at Camp Friedland. Basic articles are in 
greatest demand from clothing bales supplied by Brethren Service 


Century of the Homeless 

thus making room for still more "homeless,"— 
those Poles now being repatriated by Russia. 

\^'orking through West German and Polish 
Red Cross agencies who trace addresses of 
families and relatives separated in the war, 
the Germans ha\e been lea\ ing the Polish 
zone by the trainload. Since 1945, 5,500,000 
have resettled in the Federal Republic of 

At present, most of the expellees travel 
by train two days and two nights from Poland 
to West Germany, arriving at the border camp 
of Friedland, twenty-five miles from Kassel. 
Here the 500 or 600 persons aboard each 
transport are received and housed for sexeral 
days, awaiting further integration, either with 
relati\es or in another camp. 

Their stay is not long, for transports arrive 
three, sometimes four times a week, each 
bringing together families separated by politi- 
cal and national barriers for as long as fifteen 
or twenty years. 

The arrival of a transport at Friedland is 
always a memorable occasion. An hour be- 
forehand the camp begins to grow restless. 
People l^egin milling about, stopping their 
work and closing up their houses. 

Soon all activitv ceases, indoors and out, 
as a group begins to make its way between 
the barracks, growing at every turn, as it 
winds its way to the embankment by the rail- 
road station. The crowd is hushed. 

Those waiting may find on this train a 
mother, father, brother, or close friend thev 
have not seen for twenty years— "The train is 
on schedule," interrupts the loudspeaker as 
word is received from the last station before 
the Western Zone. Again they may recognize 
no one, as they ha\ e recognized no one on the 
last fifteen transports they have met. 

The train can be seen now, with its crude- 
ly built cars sitting awkwardlv high on the 
tracks. The freedom bells back in the camp 
chime loudly. Young and old lean out of the 
windows, some waving, others staring blankly. 
Still the hush is penetrated only by wheels 
grinding on steel. 

Then several shouts of recognition, reck- 
less steDs down the embankment, a fumbling 
of latches and doois, and . . . home. Others 


watch, and wait, and turn slowly toward the 

Because expellees may bring with them 
only one suitcase of possessions, there is need 
for clothing, shoes, soap, linen, and other 
articles. The distribution of clothing is 
handled by co-operating Catholic, Protestant, 
and Red Cross organizations. 

Brethren Service in a recent month pro- 
vided 75 bales of clothing totaling 6,750 
pounds and 4,400 pounds of soap in 88 cartons 
from its Kassel warehouse. Future scheduling 
calls for twenty-four bales of clothing and 
twenty cartons of soap weekly, plus shoes and 
linen to l^e turned over to the Friedland camp 
for distribution. 

In addition to this material aid, a Brethren 
Service volunteer has been working for sev- 
eral weeks at Camp Friedland with the 
Evangelisclie HiJfswerk (German Protestant 
\\'elfare). The volunteer works along with 
the Protestant sisters in meeting the trains, 
helping the old and sick, fitting shoes and 
clothing, but above all in that immeasurable 
value of touching lives, speaking their lan- 
guage and being with them as a person who 

Brethren Service volunteers are at present 
working with the other source of German 
"homeless," the refugees, who flee a country, 
seeking political asylum in another. Since the 
Soviet administration of our GDR (German 
Democratic Republic) with its withdrawal 
behind an impenetrable curtain. East Ger- 
mans have sought an escape to the West. 

Close patrol by East German "Peoples 
Police" since 1952 rules out all direct East- 
West crossing and thus the a\enue of escape 
lies deep within the So\'iet Zone, in the city 
of Berlin, still under four-power occupation. 

Berlin itself, with its sprawling parks and 
snarkling Kur-damm Stmsse is an interesting 
citv, rich in contrasts where the tangles of 
political history lie exposed for all to see. 

A person wishing to escape from East 
Germany first must get permission to enter 
the East Sector of Berlin, perhaps under pre- 
tense of visiting relatixes or of business. Once 
he is in the East sector, tra^'el to the West 
sector is unrestricted. 


Century of the Homeless 

The refugee then begins the proeess of 
registering and waiting, and is placed in one 
of the sixty refugee camps. Over 1,500,000 
refugees have passed through the Berlin pro- 
cess, eventually being flown to Western 

A glance at the United States Foreign 
Service report for August 1957 shows no 
slack-off: "During August the refugee influx 
into Berlin from the Soviet Zone continued 
its upward trend to a total of 14,095 compared 
with 12,280 in July. Daily average was 455 
in August, compared with 396 in July. Ju\ en- 
iles in the 15-25 age bracket this month num- 
bered 5,069." 

Many refugees seking asylum in West 
Germany are rejected in the screening pro- 
cedures because of the inadequate reasons for 
escape. These are granted refuge only in one 
of the twenty-eight poorly equipped, perma- 
nent camps in West Berlin. 

These persons, an estimated 40,000, are 
truly the homeless. Church, YMCA, and 
other organizations attempt to meet some of 
the needs of these people by providing a bar- 
racks, out of the camp environment, in whicli 
they might read, plan activities, or have pri- 
vacy. Three Brethren Service volunteers are 
in Berlin at the present time working in such 
barracks, directing craft and activity pro- 
grams for the refugees. 

Similar programs are conducted by vohm- 
teers in Westertimke, girls' camp, and Sand- 
bostel, boys' camp, both located in \\^estern 
Germany. These camps are transit points for 
young people of fifteen to twenty-five years 
from East Germany who are awaiting trans- 
fer to a home and a job or acceptance for 
university. They arrive at a rate of sixty a 
day into these camps and move rapidly to 
homes or institutions. 

The refugee prolilem is a large one, reach- 
ing deep into the tensions of the world. To 
strike at the cause of the problem necessitates 
world agreement; this today means inaction. 
To strike at its effects means local, dedicated 
service for love of man. 

"What is man, that thou art mindful of 

JANUARY 4, 1958 

At Westertimke, camp for girls 
15 to 25, BS Volunteer Jo Lett 
operates a craft program. Daily 
60 girls are flown out of Berlin 

Hospitalized after strenuous two- 
day trip a grandmother gets her 
clothing issued at her bedside. 
Volunteer is Peggy Zimmerman 


25 New Churches a Year 

By Charles Zunkel 

FAOM THE BEGINNING of the WOlk of the 
church in Pennsyhania the Brethren be- 
gan to reach out in estabhshing new congre- 
gations and evangehzing Colonial America. 

Near the mid 1700's three pioneers stand 
out among those who went southward into 
Mar}land. They were Martin Urner, Jr., Dan- 
iel Leatherman, and Jacob Danner. 

Bv the 1760's Brethren were movinsf into 
\'irginia to establish the church there. Pio- 
neers included John H. Garber and Jacob Mil- 
ler. It is interesting that our Annual Meetings 
were held in newly developed areas in the 
late 1700's. 

The de\elopment continued through West 
\'irginia as early as 1785, North Carolina in 
1795, and to Kentucky, Alabama, Tennessee, 
and Florida b>' the late 1800's. 

In Pennsylvania the push westward was 
in the 17()0's and ISOO's. The Brethren also 
went into Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, 
and Wisconsin during the late 1700's and the 

Daniel Clingensmith was possibly the first 
member of the church to leave his home in 
Pennsylvania (in 1795), and settle west of 
the Mississippi. 

Churches were established in Missouri by 
Brethren who came from North Carolina and 
in Iowa by Illinois Brethren. George Wolfe 
of Illinois organized the first Iowa chinch at 
Libertyville in 1884. 

The movement continued westward with 
waves of migration, establishing congrega- 
tions in Kansas, Nebraska, Oklahoma, Colo- 
lado, Idaho, North Dakota, California, 
Oregon, and Washington. In the early 1900's 
the first congregation was established in Can- 

The early Brethren were mostly farmers. 
Chinch extension, therefore, developed na- 
turaDv from a search for good soil. 

With the coming of World War II and 
the dislocation of vast portions of the popula- 
tion, the picture has drastically changed. All 
over the nation people began to migrate to 


cities in search of industrial jobs. One fifth 
of the population has been moving each year. 

Since 1940 the situation has become criti- 
cal. Church extension needs increased in 
fantastic proportions. Brethren, to do their 
fair share of evangelizing the new growth of 
population in cities and new suburbs, need 
to establish one church every other week; 
twenty-five every year. This does not take 
into account the evangelization of the 40% 
of our population now unreached by the 

On the \\'est Coast, California and Oregon 
have led in this new thrust. The Southern 
California District has been seeking a new 
congregation every three or four years. 
Northern California has a vigorous church 
extension development under way. Oregon 
also has been aggressive in its efforts. 

Now, district by district, plans have been 
laid for developing new congregations. Some 
state-wide strategies have united several dis- 
tricts in such efl:orts as: Kansas at Overland 
Park, Kansas City; Missouri at Springfield and 
St. Louis; Indiana at Beacon Heights, Fort 
Wayne, Indianapolis, and Lafayette (Purdue 
University Fellowship). 

Strong districts like Southern Ohio have 
developed intensive programs of church ex- 
tension in such places as Kettering (Prince 
of Peace), and Huber Heights, both of the 
Da)'ton area. Northern Illinois is vigorously 
mo\ing ahead with Aurora (Boulder Hill) 
now under way and West Rockford, Elgin, 
etc., in sight. 

The East also has strong developments in 
places such as Mount Wilson, a child of the 
Annville congregation; Arbutus, a child of 
Walnut Grove, Johnstown; Monroeville; and 

The Southeast has had aggressive develop- 
ment in such centers as the Baltimore area 
and the Washington City area. But the doors 
are open wide. Scores of excellent opportuni- 
ties await development. 

It's up to us to provide them. 


Above: This growing area needs 
churches for famiHes moving in. 
Services are planned as soon as 
the roof is on and weathertight 

Below: This church school class 
meets in the kitchen because no 
other space is available. This 
church will have to expand soon 

JANUARY 4, 1358 


West Coast Opportunities 

By Galen B. Ogden 

OUR CHURCH CONTINUES to liavc tiemen- 
dous opportunities for growth along 
the Pacific slope. In a sense, the Golden West 
is still a frontier. 

The \'ast population shifts to this area in 
the last decade are almost unbelievable, and 
the prediction is that this trend will continue 
for the next quarter of a century. 

In California alone the population has in- 
creased 40% since 1950, and the present rate 
of growth is 365,000 per year. Think of the 
new schools, hospitals, churches, and welfare 
institutions required to keep up with this 
rapidly expanding area. 

U. S. News and World Report predicts 
that between 1957 and 1975 the population 
in Arizona will increase by 93.7%, in Cali- 
fornia by 91%, in Oregon by 66.8%, and in 
\\''ashington by 57%. 

This influx of population brings heavy 
responsibilities and large opportunities to the 
church. Of course, our denomination does not 
bear this burden alone, but even for us to 
keep up with our responsibilities on a per- 
centage liasis will require us to speed up our 
church extension program far beyond the 
present tempo. 

A sample of what can happen in this area 
may be seen by a quick look at what is hap- 
pening in a number of our new churches. 

The Olympic View church of Seattle, 
Washington, was started ten years ago with 
a membership of thirty-five. Today the con- 
gregation numbers 505. During this period 
Seattle has doubled its population. The 
Brethren have had many opportunities to 
start other churches, but have been unable to 
do so because of lack of men and money. 

Perhaps the most recent development in 
California is in the Sacramento area where 
Brother Richard Wenger is giving leadership 
to the development of a new church in Larch- 
mont Village. This village has 1,000 new 
homes. Another 2,000 are to be built soon. 
Brother Wenger surveyed 346 homes and 
found 89 families who wanted to send their 


children to a Sunday school. Since they have 
no buildings, he has arranged to conduct the 
Sunday school in nine different homes along 
one street. Each home will accommodate one 
department. At least 100 children were ex- 
l^ected for the opening Sunday. Worship 
services are scheduled in a community liuild- 

The Panorama City church was organized 
in the San Fernando Vallev twelve years ago. 
This congregation has had a steady, healthy 
growth. Pastor Conrad Burton reports that 
"additional Sunday-school rooms and a new 
fellowship hall are urgently needed to meet 
the demands of this growing community." 

The South Bay church in Redondo Beach 
provides a good illustration of what can hap- 
pen to a congregation when they catch a 
vision of serving a new community. Two 
years ago this congregation, known then as 
Hermosa Beach, was very discouraged. The 
membership was down to 106. The average 
attendance for morning worship and Sunday 
school was about fifty-seven. Under the 
leadership of Pastor Esbensen, this congrega- 
tion moved to a new community, rolled up 
its sleeves, and went to work. The member- 
ship now totals 194. The average attendance 
at Sunday school is 200, and for morning 
worship, 165. 

During this same period the congregation 
has increased its giving from $8,500 to $18,000 
per year. Pastor Esbensen says, "Our steward- 
ship visitation program which we conducted 
in August did a lot of good. It was the first 
we have ever had and now we are planning 
for a continuous fellowship visitation and 
evangelistic program. We believe this will 
be most rewarding. 

"Our increase in membership has not only 
been gratifying numerically, but the fine 
quality in character and enthusiasm of our 
new people has been most encouraging. The 
challenge of this community is so staggering 
that we should reach out with all the faith 
and courage we possess. The only limitation 


Dedicating new church site for the South Bay Community Church of the Brethren 

we have is the hmitation of our own vision 
and consecration." 

One of the most thrilHng church extension 
stories of the West Coast comes from the 
Lynnhaven Community Church of the Breth- 
ren located between Phoenix and Glendale, 

This new cliurch is only two and a half 
years old. The membership has increased 
from 45 to 124 during the last year. The daily 
vacation church school attendance was 208 
this year as against 110 the year 1:)efore, and 
the weekday kindergarten school enrollment 
was fifty-four against thirty for the previous 
year. The financial records indicate an in- 
crease in giving from $2,720 to $4,395. 

Pastor Frank Durand says: "It is wonder- 
ful to see entire families sitting together in 
the morning worship ser\ ice. Adults need 
Bi]:)]e study and Christian education just as 
much as children and young people. We 
plan to continue the method of visitation 
evangelism during the coming vear. 

"There is no question al:)out the validity 
of this method. We need a program of con- 
tinued orientation and integration of new 
members once they have become an official 
part of our family, and we try to help every- 

JANUARY 4, 1958 

one to feel that he has a place in the life and 
activity of the church." 

The pastor in the annual report to the 
congregation commends the local members 
for their dedicated services in the choir, 
youth work, women's fellowship, Sunday- 
school teaching staff, vacation church school, 
and on boards and committees. 

"I would like to express our gratitude to 
our district and the General Brotherhood 
Board for their interest and help at every 
step of the way." He adds, "We must remem- 
l)er that the building and grounds we enjoy 
were completely subsidized by gifts from 
persons across the nation. We will soon be 
picking up the interest on the loan that made 
our facilities possible. Gradually we will be- 
gin to pick up loan repayinents. There are 
few churches where high quality dominates 
everything that is done. Lyimhaven is one of 
these churches. It should be, for this is 
Christ's work." 

These are only samples of the thrilling 
progress that is being made in some of the 
new communities on the West Coast. The 
need and demand for new churches far out- 
runs our ability to keep pace with it. 


A Congregation Plans 

By Robert L. Sherfy 

THIS IS A REPORT o£ some of the things 
that are being done in the Harrisonburg 
congregation of the Northern Virginia Dist- 
rict to make the 250th Anniversary Call an 
opportunity for the average member to dis- 
cover values from our living past, think 
through purposes for our present existence, 
and respond to the call for commitment to a 
program of advance "under the Lordship of 

Our church board, composed of represent- 
atives of the main committees and organiza- 
tions of our church, heard a presentation 
of the general idea and objectives of the An- 
niversary Call which I gave as pastor. I used 
the Leaders Guide to Progiam, Special Events 
and Source Material. 

A blackboard was used in listing what 
might be done and who should work at carry- 
ing it out. 

The board itself recommended to congre- 
gational council meeting that a special anni- 
versary communion be held on January 5, 
1958, and that we plan to send our full quota 
of fi\e delegates to the Anniversary Confer- 
ence at Des Moines, Iowa, in June 1958. Both 
of the recommendations were later approved 
l:)y council. 

The Finance Board considered the Anni- 
versary Call in its October meeting and 
]Dlanned for an every-member visit next Sep- 
tember to include an emphasis on the Call to 
increase giving for the Brotherhood Fund. 

Giving in our congregation for the 
Brotherhood Fund has already more than 
doubled since that idea was suggested at the 
Grand Rapids Conference in 1954. The board 
plans for a big increase again in 1958. 

This year an every-member visit was 
made bv 49 two-person teams going into more 
than 225 homes. 

The teams used turnover charts from 
Harl Russell's office at Elgin. They were a 
big help to the visitors and much appreciated 
in the homes. 

The board decided to use such charts 


again next September. The visit is to promote 
information, fellowship, and giving. 

Our men's work group had a potluck sup- 
per to start its new year, with Mark Roller, 
national president of men's work, speaking 
on the anniversary theme: "Brethren Under 
the Lordship of Christ." The cabinet is work- 
ing on a plan to get the Gospel Messenger 
in every home of our congregation for the 
anniversary celebration period. 

The adult choir which is directed by Pro- 
fessor Galen Stinebaugh, a member of our 
Brotherhood Music and Worship Commit- 
tee, plans to present the anniversary anthem 
several times during the year. 

It will also lead out in the learning and 
use by the congregation of the anniversary 
hymn, "God of All Nations." 

The Youth Fellowship has been selling 
copies of the book, "Schwarzenau, Yesterday 
and Today," by Lawrence W. Schultz. 

The cabinet has discussed handling other 
books which should be in the homes of the 
congregation such as "The Story of Our 
Church " and "Stories From Brethren Life," 
by J. E. Miller, "Learning the Brethren Way 
With Jim and Jane," by Dessie Miller and 
"The Story of the Brethren," by Virginia S. 

Youth programs planned by the cabinet 
include discussions of Brethren practices and 
beliefs, conducting a sample congregational 
council meeting dealing with current Ques- 
tions, and reports from papers on Brethren 
life and belief which some have written for 
high school themes. 

The Board of Christian Education made 
plans to sponsor occasional Sunday evening 
fireside forums led by the pastor in the 
church parlor to discuss ways of strengthen- 
ing the spiritual foundations of the Brethren 
way of life. Annual Conference resolutions 
in recent years are used as reference material 
for these discussions. 

The board will arrange for the distribu- 
tion and discussion of a special series of 


Church Board considers total plan for congregational observance of the Call 

CBYF Cabinet plans programs and sale of books on Brethren history 

JANUARY 4, 1958 


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Women will find many opportunities to use their program for advancing the Call 

A Congregation Plans 

pamphlets recommended this year, such as 
The Church of the Brethren, by Bittinger 
and The Simple Life, by Will. 

The Home and Family Life Committee 
took special responsibility for the January 
through March observance since that is the 
quarter for celebration at the home and family 

Orders were placed for enough copies 
of the special home devotional booklet edited 
by DeWitt Miller to send one to each home. 

The committee will see that use of this 
booklet and the "Gospel Messenger" is en- 
couraged through the Sunday-school classes. 
A church family fellowship night is planned 
for February when the film. Split Level Fami- 
ly, will be shown. 

The Pastoral Board planned for our co- 
operation in a district exchange of pulpits on 
November 10 at which time all ministers 
preached on The Genius of the Brethren. 


They used the Conference - authorized 
statement which explains our Anniversary 
Call theme, "Brethren Under the Lordship 
of Christ": "The genius of the Brethren con- 
sists in relating religion to life, belief to ac- 
tion, theology to ethics, resulting in a 
demonstrative Christianity." 

A lot of different people have participated 
in cabinet, committee, and council meeting 
sessions discussing and planning for oiu- local 
emphasis on the Anniversary Call. 

With a little encouragement and guidance 
in following through they are sure to do a 
good job. 

In any local church those who help plan 
and carry out programs in classes and organi- 
zations certainl)' gain as well as give real help. 

The importance of the spiritual growth 
of the average member through personal 
sharing in Kingdom work is a part of the 
Biefhien way, which we seek to promote. 


Local Church History 

By Donald W. Rummel 

THE PALMYRA CHURCH of the Brethren is 
a church with a history! Some of suc- 
cesses, some of faihues; but whether it be 
achievement or error all is of vital interest 
to those who carry the contemporary pro- 
gramming responsibilities. This is true of 
every church which seriously attempts to 
guide its program over a period of time to- 
ward a closer communion with the Eternal. 
It behooves us to know how to preserve pres- 
ent-day history for the benefit of future 

Too often church historians are not ai3- 
pointed by a church until an anniversary 
looms on the horizon. Then immediately fol- 
lowing, all material gathered is either de- 
stroyed or stacked away in the closet until 

moth and dust corrupts or a person with no 
sense of appreciation breaks in and disposes 
of it in an inglorious fashion. 

Some churches are fortunate in having 
among their older members one or two who 
have either kept diaries or kept the church's 
records over the years. This is especially true 
in the Church of the Brethren because we 
are not far away from the free ministry in 
which a man's boyhood and life ministry were 
tied up in one church. 

Thus, quite naturally and logically, would 
historic records be of interest to and in many 
instances be kept by these elders whose lives 
were so interwoven with the life of the 

An example in our own local church is 

Minerva Storm, Mrs. Heisey, Wilmer Grubb, Jr., Paul Dietz, Mae Basehore, 
Anna Strickler is the committee to select, organize and preserve material 

JANUARY 4, 1958 


The Rev» F. S. Carper holding in his left hand a record of the 1753 baptism 
of the church's first elder, and in the other hand a record of contributions 
to a love feast held back in 1874, 18 years before the first church building 

Bio. Frank S. Carper who grew up in the 
church, was elected to the free ministry in 
1912, and became elder in 1929. After forty- 
five years he continues to serve as pastor and 

\\'ith the coming of a new day in which 
the minister's past and future life is not neces- 
sarily interwoven with the life of one special 
church, we need to search for possibilities of 
how to keep our priceless historic documents 
and accounts accessible and preserved for 
use in the present and fiitine by those who 
find them infonnati\ e, interesting, and chal- 

To meet this problem the Palmyra church 
has a Historic Committee of seven members. 
Each is elected for a three-year period, and 
rotated and elected like other church officers. 
In essence it works out that two members 
are elected each year with a third being elect- 
ed eacli third year. They may serve two 
terms after which they are not eligible for 
re-election for at least one year. 

In co-operation with other individuals 
who have had definite interests in this area 
the committee constantly works to preserve 

the story of contemporary events for future 

The committee meets at regular intervals 
( this has been quarterly, but it is likely that 
it will soon meet more frequently) in order 
to select, organize, and preserve materials. 
The Weekly Bulletins and Monthly News- 
paper are filed regularly, and are compiled 
by the year for historic purposes. 

Clippings from the local papers and the 
Gos]')el Messenger which give insights into 
the local program are saved. 

One method which preserves the history 
factually and emotionally is based on keeping 
photographs. Pictures taken of special events, 
building projects, and special anniversaries 
can communicate messages above and be- 
yond written words. 

Certainlv, as any church chooses its mem- 
bers for such a committee, it would be well 
for them to pick up some one who has an 
interest in photography. The church budget 
should be so planned as not to take advantage 
of this person financially. 

Our church here in Palmyra has made up 
large notebooks to cover ten-year periods of 



time. These contain photographs, special l^ul- 
letins, and newspaper chppings. They cover 
tlie period from 1880 up to the present time. 
They have beautifully carved wooden covers 
and their format helps to make the informa- 
tion interesting and readily available. 

On special occasions, it is well for jieople 
who have the ability to make models of pre- 
vious meetinghouses, furnishings, and set- 
tings. For example, one of the members of 
the Palmyra Church made a model of the 
first church building, built in 1892. This 
model not only brings back memories, but 
tells its own story with the pot-bellied stoves, 
plain seats and pulpit arrangement. 

In the area of Brethren history in general, 
we have among our historical collection 
copies of the Missionary Visitors and the 
Inglenook year by year. 

It is fascinating to look through a maga- 
zine such as the Inglenook, published from 
1900-1913, and feel how real the past events 
become as \'Ou live during that period of time 
via reading. Certainly we must realize anew 
the influence these papers have had on Breth- 
ren life. 

In addition to these unique aspects, the 
historical committee preserves the minutes of 
church council, statistics as to attendance and 
budget, and records of baptisms, weddings, 
and deaths. 

The ongoing issues of the Gospel Messen- 
ger are added to this library week by week, 
and are bound in like manner as the Mission- 
ary Visitor and the Inglenook. Time marches 
on, and now comes the new publication. 
Brethren Life and Thought, which again has 
the potential of carving its initials into the 
trunk of our Brethren heritage. It too needs 
to enter our historic collections. 

Owing to accumulation, space is needed 
to adequately handle this important task of 
our historical committee. Since we are now 
in the middle of building an extension to our 
present church, our committee plans to pre- 
sent to the church the need for a room spe- 
cifically to contain the historic materials now 
stored in various cupboards and closets. 

As this dream becomes a reality, our 
prayer would be that we remain sensitive to 
the past and therefore become challenged for 
the future. 

Examining models and discussing memories brought back by the old white church 


I8th Century Vacation 

By Donald H. Shank 

I iviNG IN THE era of the "forward look" 
-^^ it is good occasionally to pause, lift the 
veil of years, and look into the past. It is 
the past which gives meaning to the present. 
Few haxe done more in bringing the history 
of the earl\' beginnings of our church to light 
than Don and Hedda Durnbaugh. 

In May 1955 Don was called by the 250th 
Anniversary Committee of the General 
Brotherhood Board to prepare materials for 
a historical volume. However, one must go 
back ten years earlier to see how God brought 
Don and Hedda together and how he di- 
rected them into this work. 

Dr. Gladdys Muir of Manchester College 
was a primary influence in developing Don's 
peace convictions and aroused his interest 
in BVS. In 1949 with a B.A. degree in history, 

Don sailed with the first BVS unit to go to 
Europe. Here he worked mainly in refugee 

The next summer at an international work 
camp Don met Hedda Raschka, a talented 
Austrian girl who had been actixe in Lutheran 
youth work. Cupid took over from there. 

They were married in Austria during the 
summer of 1952, but Don returned to the 
United States alone to continue his study of 
history at the University of Michigan. 

Six months later Hedda received her visa 
and joined her husband. But in June Don, 
having received his Master's degree, was 
asked to return to Europe, this time to direct 
the Brethren Service work in Austria. 

In his constant association with people in 
Europe Don was continually asked to explain 

Donald H. Shank and Don Durnbaugh (right) go over old books and manuscripts 
Don uncovered in Europe. He used these in writing on early Brethren history 



the peace position of our church. Why? 
How? These questions led to his wanting to 
explore more deeply into the beginnings of 
our denomination. 

So it was that out of his own interest that 
Don and Hedda spent their summer vacation 
of 1954 looking in dusty attics and public and 
private archives in search of hitherto un- 
known facts about the Brethren. 

Said Don in a letter to Bro. M. R. Zigler 
following their two-week vacation into the 
18th centiny, "There is much more Brethren 
material available than I had originally be- 
lieved. " 

It was indeed divine providence that Don 
and Hedda should have been brought to- 
gether. With all that is involved in reading 
and translating old German script, Hedda's 
part in the work is invaluable. While it may 
appear to be glamorous and adventurous, it 
finally resolves itself in hours and hours and 
hours of diligent work studying old volumes, 
letters, pamphlets, real estate transactions, 
and church records, seeking information con- 
cerning the Brethren. 

"You literallv wade through the dust of 

centuries to get the material you want," said 
Don. "There is never enough time." 

Don is at present working on his Ph.D. 
degree at the University of Pennsylvania. 
Both he and Hedda are members of the Drex- 
el Hill church. 

We who live in this land of freedom of 
worship cannot really appreciate the back- 
ground out of which our church was bom, 
one of religious persecution. 

Just as Martin Luther did not originally 
intend to break with the Roman Catholic 
Church but hoped to reform it, just so did the 
Pietistic movement hope to purify the existing 
church rather than break from it. 

Following the Protestant Reformation and 
the Thirty Years' War, recognition and pro- 
tection was given to three churches, Catholic, 
Lutheran, and Reformed. 

Each prince or ruler in Germany deter- 
mined which of these churches was to be 
the chinch in his territory. When this church 
was chosen no other form of religion was 
allowed. All who dissented from this state 
church were liable to persecution. 

It is interesting to note that both Luther- 

Don and Hedda Durnbaugh work closely together in their research into the 
early beginnings of the Brethren for Don's forthcoming historical book 

JANUARY 4, 1958 


Priceless original manuscripts and pertinent passages from rare volumes 
were microfilmed as an aid in preserving authentic historical materials 

an and Reformed churches were denymg to 
others what they themselves demanded, free- 
dom of conscience in reading God's Word. 

These conditions gave rise to widely 
scattered groups of people called Pietists, 
(people who were seeking to excel in person- 
al holiness ) who became dissatisfied with the 
formalism and intellectualism of the state 
churches. These groups, mostly from the 
Palatinate, a province in Germany along the 
Rhine, began meeting in different homes for 
Bible study and prayer. This was, of course, 
illegal and for this the Pietists were punished 
and expelled from the country. 

In his research Don Durnbaugh uncov- 
ered what the extent of this punishment was 
in the life of one individual, Martin Lucas, a 

He was forced to do military duty with the 
German forces in the Netherlands, his wife 
was banished from the country, his house 
and possessions confiscated, and his children 
given to guardians. All this because he de- 
sired to read freely and interpret God's Word. 

Because of the activities of Lucas and 

other "radicals" the Count of the Palatinate 
issued the order that anyone accused of Piet- 
ism should be sentenced to hard labor with- 
out trial. 

So it was that Alexander Mack and others 
of like conviction left their homes rather than 
be unfaithful to their new-found conscience. 

In looking for a place were there was 
some religious tolerance many of these pie- 
tists settled in the County of Wittgenstein, 
where the little village of Schwarzenau is 
located. There one of these groups came to- 
gether and after much prayer and Bible study 
were convinced that they could not reform 
the state church and, desiring to be something 
more than separatists, resolved to organize a 
new church based upon primitive Christian- 

Their primary concern: to be obedient to 
the commandments of Jesus Christ. Their 
emphasis: to be faithful disciples of the Lord 
Tesus. Thus with the baptism of Alexander 
Mack and seven other devout souls, the 
Church of tlie Brethren had its inception. 



"Let Us Break Bread . . . 


By D. W. Bittinger, Moderator 

D. W. Bittinger 

I AM SURE that all of us earnestly wish to 
observe our 250th Anniversary in a way 
that will be more than marking a historical 
fact in our calendars. How can we do this? 

There is a song the young people like to 
sing. It comes to us from our colored breth- 
ren, but it belongs no more to them than to 
us. In many communion services it has been 
used very effectively. It is Let Us Break 
Bread Together on Our Knees. 

I can think of no finer symbolization for 
the entire anniversary year than that which 
is depicted in the song. If we can enter into 
the year in the spirit of the Church of the 
Brethren love feast as we have observed it 
through the years, and climax the year as 
that love feast service is climaxed, this will 
have been for all of us a great year. If that 
is to be done, these are some steps to be taken. 

1. Let us examine ourselves. 

What are we doing poorly? What are we 
doing well? For what should we repent? 
How can we prepare ourselves better to be- 
come the church of Jesus Christ and to do 
the will of the Lord? 

We should repent for our failure to spread 
the good news farther and more enthusias- 
tically. After 250 years we are still a small 
church. We have not let the Lord use us as 
much as he wanted to in spreading the good 
news, either at home or abroad. 

W'e have not taught our beliefs well 
enough in our own churches and in our own 
families. For instance, our peace testimony 
can be magnificent in this confused world. 
But not many of us make this testimony as 
our church teaches. 

We have not produced Christian leaders 
who have made a great impress in a needy 
world beyond our own chiux-h. We are doing 
better in that than we used to do. 

We have not always kept our own jues- 
sage clear, even to ourselves. Whereas we 
believed and taught in the right of the free 
conscience under the guidance of the Holy 
Spirit, we have often become coercive rather 
than prayerful within our own church. 

These are things for which we should re- 
pent as we examine ourselves. On the other 
hand, there are things for wliieh we can 
thank the Lord. 

We have a record of 250 years of strong 
family life. This deserves celebration. 

We have a record of 250 years of writing 
the testimony of the church clear in matters 
of peace, event though we have not always 
lived up to our own testimony. For this, we 
can thank the Lord. 

We can celebrate 250 years of honest and 
upright dealings with our fellow men; we 
can celebrate 250 years of clean living. 

For 250 vears we have been helpful in our 
communities. \Ye l^egan by helping the wid- 
ows and orphans; now we ha\e broadened 
our community to include the world. 

\^^e can celebrate 250 \'ears of continuous 
search for the will of God. \Ye ha\'e tried to 
commit ourselves to the cause of Christ. 

But we should celebrate prayerfullv. Ma)' 
God help us to disco^•er more things in the 
future which are within his will, and tr\- to 

JANUARY 4, 1958 



Let Us Break Bread Together 


Negro spiritual 


Calhoun melody 
Arr. by Donald Frederick, b. 1917 

(knees, on our) 



• Z^ 


1 . Let us break bread to - geth - er, On 

2. Let us drink wine to - geth - er, On 




our knees, yes, on our knees; 
our knees, yes, on our knees; 

3. Let us praise God to - geth - er, On our knees, yes, on our knees 





J ^ 




li\ e them and teach them for his kingdom's 

2. Following the love feast theme, after 
we have examined ourselves we turn to the 
washing of one another's feet. If we can 
spiritually enter into the spirit of this through- 
out our whole Brotherhood and during the 
entire anniversary year, it should greatly 
strengthen and broaden us. 

It should mean that we seek to serve all 
our fellow men everywhere without restric- 
tion, discrimination, or barrier of any kind. 

It means that we should not wait for them 
to cry aloud in their distress, but with Chris- 
tian humility we should seek out the dispos- 
sessed, the hungry, and the downtrodden, 
and in the name of Christ our Lord and Sav- 
ior, seek to give them cups of cold water, to 
wash their feet, to serve them iw any way 
that opportunity presents itself. 

In this endeavor we will indeed give 
them cups of cold water, but it will be more 
than water, "for water is life." 

3. The third love feast step is the family 
meal. The service implied in feet washing 
brings us all into the fellowship of the en- 
larged Christian family. These love feast 
tallies have no end; they reach around the 

As one looks down the length of the table 
he can see that all colors of mankind are 
there and that all languages are being spoken. 
We are l^reaking bread with one another in 
complete oneness and unity. 

In this anniversary year this family fellow- 
ship should deepen first of all within our own 
Church of the Brethren. Though we may be 
different, we have a fellowship which should 
not be broken by differences. The family, if 


itself united, can grow to include all those 
for whom Christ prayed when he entreated 
that they may all be one. 

4. Following the examination, the world- 
wide commitment to service, the achieve- 
ment of universal fellowship around the tables 
of the Lord, we should enter into the fullness 
of the joy of the Lord through the breaking 
of bread, symbolizing his own life and into 
communion with him through the drinking of 
the symbol of his own shed blood. This 
should be both a year-long undertaking and 
a climax. 

If our anniversary year does not end in 
a great climax whereby we merge ourselves 
completely into the will of God so that we 
can feel his living, vibrating presence within 
our own hearts and within our total church, 
the celel^ration will not have been what it 
should have been. 

If this identifying with the will of God 
can happen, it will reflect itself in an in- 
creased number of missionaries, in a widening 
area and circle of Brethren Service workers, 
in an increased number of ministers seeking 
to serve an expanding church, and in an in- 
creased numlier of laymen searching out 
those whom they can bring into the church 
as brothers. All of this will be the result of, 
and the reflection of, this deepened spiritual- 
ity which we achieve through Jesus Christ. 

"Let us break bread together on our 

Let us repent, but let us also rejoice for 
our heritage. 

Let us serve better and more widely. 

Let us fellowship without barrier and 
more deeply. 

Let us enter into oneness with the Lord. 


Hymns and Organs 

By A. Staufier Curry 

ALViN F. BRiGHTBiLL would lathcr repair 
■ a church organ in his spare time than 
do ahnost anything else. Between 700 and 
800 Brethren churches across the country 
liave organs Dr. Brightbill repaired without 
cost to them during his summer vacations. 

Dr. Brightbill is never far from a church 
organ. They are old friends, who, he says, 
bring l:)eauty, dignity, and spiritual inspira- 
tion to everyone who hears them, particularly 
church congregations. 

At Bethany Biblical Seminary, where he 
teaches church music. Dr. Brightbill has three 
organs. Through them, through the stories 
he tells his students of how various hymns 
came to be written, he is bringing to these 
fledgling pastors a warm appreciation of 
Brethren hymns as an integral, soul-lifting 
part of our worship service. 

He is one of the leaders of the Hymn 
Society of America and is known to musicians 
of other denominations all over the country. 

Dr. Brightbill is an authority of note on 
hymns as well as organs. 

The Editorial Committee of the 1951 
Brethren Hymnal consulted him extensively. 
He is represented in it with four compositions, 
in the arrangement of four others, and in sup- 
plying the harmony for a ninth hymn. 

Church music owes a great debt to the 
modern organ. Dr. Brightbill believes. He 
says it is the organ which took church music 
out of the spiritual rock and roll of the Billy 
Sunday era. Most churches were only 
equipped with a piano. The organ is not 
suited to the Billy Sunday type hymn. 

^^^lile the Brethren have always been a 
singing people, their first hymns were un- 
accompanied by musical instruments. Dr. 
Brightbill explained. 

The first Brethren in German\' sang cho- 
rales and Pietistic hymns, or modifications of 
old Moravian chants. 

In fact, musical notes were pretty well 
frowned upon in early Brethren history be- 

JANUARY 4. 1958 

Dr. Alvin F. Brightbill repairing 
an organ to be given to Lybrook 
Indian mission, Cuba, New Mexico 

cause of their association with music for 

Congregational singing proved to be one 
of the greatest gains of the Reformation. One 
of the chief goals of church music is corporate 
worship. Congregational participation in 
hymn singing contributes much to this end. 
All of the principles which may be applied to 
congregational hymn singing seek to make 
our services genuine mediums of worship. 

After the immigration to America early 
in the 18th century they introduced the 
hymnbook known as "Das Kleine Da\adische 
Psalterspiel der Kinder Zions" which became 
the most important and widely used German 
hymnbook of Colonial America. 

Like other music the more familiar i^eople 
are with the words and music of our hymns 
the better thev will love them. Dr. Brightbill 
declares. With the late \A''illiam Beer}, a com- 
poser of some note, he spent twelve summers 


Many long hours of rehearsal with the church organist participating are 
needed before the choir feels ready to sing at formal church services 

traveling around the coinitry rehearsing con- 
gregations, choirs, young people's meetings, 
and other groups in hymn singing. Dr. Bright- 
bill still does a lot of this work when he can 
fit it into his busy schedule. 

What most interests him in this field, he 
says, is bringing the appreciation of organ 
music to young people. They have found in 
the organ an instrument, he says, which gives 
them a spiritual fulfillment they can find in 
no other way. 

Many of the Brethren hymns of today ha\ e 
been popular for generations. Dr. Brightl)ill 
explains, like Number 181 in the current 
Hymnal. It occupied one of the most thumb- 
marked pages of the little German hymnal 
used in the early days of the Germantown 

Another historic hymn is Number 299 "So 
nimm denn meine hande" with words by 
Julie von Haussmann, translation by H. 
Brueckner, and music by Friedrich Silcher. 
Its first line is: "Take Thou My Hand, O 

How does a hymn come to be written? 
Pinned down to tell about one of his own 

arrangements, How Lovely Is Thy Dwelling; 
Place, Number 3 in the Brethren Hymnal, 
Dr. Brightliil] relates that for some time he 
had been thinking of the 84th Psalm as the- 
source of a Brethren hymn and had been seek- 
ing a musical setting for it. 

One night, he says, he sat listening to the- 
radio. Dr. Frank Black was conducting the 
NBC Orchestra in what Dr. Brightbill felt 
must be Mozart. The longer he listened, the 
surer Dr. Bright]:)ill became that he had 
found the inspiration for the music of the 
hymn liased on the 84th Psalm. 

He eagerlv awaited the announcement of 
the name of the composition. Just as the- 
composition ended the doorbell of the Bright- 
bill residence rang. The Brightbills' Pomer- 
anian leapt into action. Its vigorous barking" 
drowned out the radio announcement. 

A request was made to NBC for the name. 
But apparently the query got bogged down 
somewhere. Dr. Brightbill tried everything. 
He asked friends. He played snatches over 
for anyone who would listen, hoping for a 

Finally Don Frederick, professor of voice 



and director of choral organizations at Mc- 
Pherson College, stuck for several hours 
between trains at Denver, took a busman's 
holiday at the music library. Thumbing over 
Mozart he discovered that what Dr. Brightbill 
was looking for was Mozart's Second Piano 
Concerto, which Dr. Black had arranged for 
a string orchestra. 

Dr. Brightbill said that story reminded 
him of how Crandpa Berry, who lived to be 
104, had written the music for Brethren 
Hymn Number 454 known as "Juniata." 

Mr. Beery, Dr. Brightbill said, had had 
the tune vaguely in mind for some time and 
had been trying to find words for it. 

One night when he came home he found 
a poem resting on the family piano. Asked 
where it had come from his wife, Adeline, 
explained that she had written it and felt 
that he might be interested so had placed 
it there. 

The result was the hymn "Lo, a Gleam 
Prom Yonder Heaven." 

Since early days church leaders have been 
active in hymn writing. For example, Alexan- 
der Mack wrote the words for Brethren Hymn 

Number 428, Alle Menschen Miissen Sterben, 
Oh, How Is the Time So Urgent, while Chris- 
topher Sower, Jr., wrote the words for Breth- 
ren Hymn Number 418, Death, Where is Thy 
Sting? Peter Becker and other prominent 
church fathers were among our early song 

Asked about today's new hymns, Dr. 
Brightbill says he thinks the hymn, God of All 
Nations, by Edward K. Ziegler, which won 
the 250th Anniversary competition is destined 
to be one of our most popular hymns. 

Then just when you think he is of] organs 
and onto hymns. Dr. Brightbill tells )'0u that 
he has an organ out in the garage behind his 
home he has to fix as soon as he has time. 
\A^hen he gets it to playing it is going to be 
given to the Lybrook Indian mission at 
Cuba, New Mexico. 

Dr. Brightl^ill never studied music serious- 
ly imtil he went to college. And he never 
studied organs seriously until he got out of 
college and took a job with the Kimliall peo- 
ple in Chicago building organs. He has been 
at both ever since. 

Having fun too. 

One of the chief goals of church music is corporate worship, and congrega- 
tional participation in hymn singing contributes much to this spiritual end 

JANUARY 4, 1958 


Publishing in Our Church 

By Harry A. Brandt 

PUBLISHING in the Church of the Brethren 
began as private enterprise, but since 
1897 priniting faciUties have been church- 
owned and directed. 

The story begins with the two Christopher 
Sowers. The father set up a press at German- 
town in 1738. For more than a generation 
this press answered to the needs of the large 
German-speaking element in colonial Penn- 
sylvania. Three editions of the Bible, as well 
as a surprising array of books, pamphlets, and 
papers came from this press before it suffered 
eclipse in 1777. 

The loss of the Sower press was a severe 
blow to the Brethren. It accentuated other 
problems in their life. As persecution drove 
them into protective commvmities they were 
without printed-page contact with the world 
at large. 

Those moving westward lacked a prime 
means of maintaining and preserving cultural 
interests. There was the language change- 
over from German to English, and with this 
a forgetting of Brethren beginnings. We are 
still at the task of recovering the Brethren 

From 1777 to 1851 is the time span from 
the loss of the Sower press until Henry Kurtz 
began to publish his Gospel Visitor. Of this 
period one of our most competent historians 
wrote : "During the first half of the nineteenth 
century . . . there was almost nothing of a 
literary nature produced by our people." 

The Gospel Visitor was the third try for 
Henry Kurtz. In the Ohio wilderness he 
found the Brethren a people with a significant 
message. Kurtz saw the need for a church 

Projected new General Ofiices, Church of the Brethren, Dundee Avenue, 
Elgin, 111., will also house printing and merchandising facilities in 72.000 sq. ft. 



Today's editors, left to right: Ora W. Garber, Book Editor; Hczel M. Kenne- 
dy, Children's Editor; Howard E. Royer, Youth Editor; Edith Barnes, Assistant 
Church School Editor; Kenneth Morse, Gospel Messenger Editor; A. Stauffer 
Curry, Church School Editor; Elizabeth Weigle, Assistant, Gospel Messenger 

With his third try in 1851 Kurtz was per- 
mitted to proceed on his own. The times 
were changing and the readers' response to 
the Gospel Visitor was good. But the ambi- 
tious editor was aging and needed help. 

Then James Quinter appeared on the 
scene. Here was a younger man with the 
abilities and spirit to do more than just carry 

Meanwhile other papers were springing 
up. Soon the Brethren had more papers than 
they needed. Quinter was more than preach- 
er, educator, editor, and a Christian gentle- 
man. He was also a church statesman and a 
businessman. Without fanfare he led the 
work of paper consolidation. By 1885 many 
papers had been combined and the pattern 
for the future was set, one paper serving the 
Brotherhood. This was the Gospel Messenger, 
then going out from Mt. Morris, Illinois. 

Through these changes two uniquely com- 
petent businessmen had been drawn into the 
growing publishing venture. They were Jo- 

JANUARY 4, 1958 

seph Amick and D. L. Miller. In their hands 
publishing broadened and prospered. 

Soon it was time for the next step, placing 
the growing publishing business under church 
control. D. L. Miller led in this move and 
freely made the personal sacrifice necessary. 

The church was not called upon to raise 
any of the necessary money. "April 1, 1897, 
tlie Brethren Publishing House transferred to 
the General Missionary and Tract Committee, 
all the right, title and interest in the publish- 
ing business of the church. ' 

In the line of growth the Bretlu'cn Pub- 
lishing House was moved to Elgin, Illinois, 
in 1899. The first building was soon enlarged, 
and has stood as a familiar Brethren landmark 
for more than fifty years. Church publishing 
interests have now grown to the point that 
a new building is needed. 

The new building will be known as the 
General Offices of the Church of the Breth- 
ren. It will be located on twenty-six acres on 
Dundee Avenue, Elgin. 


This Book She Had to Write 

By Harold Z. Bomberger 

THE STORY OF the Brethren, Virginia S. 
Fisher's exciting new book, for juniors 
and junior highs, will soon be off the press. 

This book she had to write! As far back 
as she remembers she recalls her parents 
speaking proudly about "our church." As 
soon as she could she read all she could find 
about her church. One of her early dis- 
appointments was her inal^ility to find a 
"connected and continuous story of our 
church. " 

Most of the articles were written for adults 
and not for boys and girls. Early she resolved 
that if she could not find the kind of story 
she was looking for, she would write one! 

Both in high school, from which she grad- 
uated as valedictorian, and in college, she 
won honors in history. Her studies in secular 

history touched upon the revolutionary move- 
ments and struggles out of which the Breth- 
ren had come. To her dismay, while the 
Quakers, Mennonites, and other Anabaptist 
groups were mentioned. Brethren were not. 

Research for her Master's degree in reli- 
gious education in 1956 provided her with 
the perspective she needed for adequate 
orientation in church history. She continued 
to collect materials. 

College, teaching, marriage, seminary,, 
and countless church and community activi- 
ties forced her to postpone her writing. 

But eventually the time came! Our 250th 
Anniversary demanded such a book. Editors 
at the Publishing House refused to take "no" 
for an answer, set a deadline, and prodded 
her with letters and phone calls. 

In historical research for her book Mrs. Fisher studied hundreds of volumes 
by authorities as well as every other available source, to uncover the story 


Part of the CBYF cabinet meets in Mrs, Fisher's home. Left to right: Lucy 
Hendricks; Carl Zeigler, Jr., president; James Lineweaver; Harold Ginder; 
Becker Ginder, youth counselor; Lenora Shenk; and Mrs. Virginia Fisher 

The Fishers' dining room became a work- 
shop! Books, papers, notes— everywhere— 
chiefly on the dining room table and the 
floor! Her elderly mother took over more 
responsibility for the household. Jeanie, a 
sixteen-year-old foster daughter, pitched in 

The aiithenticit>' of her new book comes 
not alone from Virginia's academic back- 
ground. Few women during the past twenty 
years have been more vitally at the heart of 
our denomination's administrative and educa- 
tional work. Foiu- Brethren college campuses 
have been her home. 

Extensive experience in children's work, 
youth work, and Christian education in three 
of the five regions of the Brotherhood, plus a 
pei"iod as acting director of children's work 
for the entire Brotherhood have given her an 
unusual familiarity with the Church of the 

Her book is thrillingly alive because its 
author has been over the territory and in 
many of the congregations she writes about. 

Mrs. Fisher is a seventh generation de- 
scendant of Jacob Showalter who emigrated 
from Switzerland to America in 1750 on the 
ship Brotherhood. 

Professor Ne\ in W. Fisher, her husband, 
head of the music dexaartment of Elizabeth- 
town College, is also an author and historian. 
She helped him with the research for his The 
Historv of Brethren Hymnbooks. The Broth- 
erhood is indebted to him as the editor of our 
most recent edition of The Brethren Hymnal. 
The Fishers, as far as they are aware, own the 
only complete collection of Brethren Hymn- 

As her husband cringes when the college 
choir which he directs hits a sour note, so she 
is distressed when she finds a church school 
or a local church looking back without appre- 
ciation or ahead without vision. 

Why has she written this stor\ ? She had 
to— to satisfy a lifelong sense of mission. The 
book is needed. It is a continuous story of 
our church written especiallv for \ounger 

JANUARY 4, 1958 


Medicine and Missionaries 

By Rolland C. Flory 

CALDERON, Ecuador— Things move slowly 
in Ecuador. The Indian natives are still 
iilled with superstition and fear of the un- 
known passed down for centuries. 

Twice in the past decade the Church of 
the Brethren has given this community, fif- 
teen miles north of Quito, a living example 
of practical Christianity in action. 

In the spring of 1947 Benton and Ruby 
Rhoades arrived as missionaries. Last August 
the church sent Dr. John S. Horning to en- 
large its medical work with a full-time clinic. 

Here the Indian man catches the first l:)us 
Monday for Quito to work there all week, 
while his wife stays home to care for the fam- 
ily, the animals, and the crops. 

When opportunity first came to get medi- 
cines at a tenth of what their local medicine 
man charged, few took advantage of it. They 
were too steeped in tradition. 

Andres Pelatuna and his wife, Mercedes, 
were no exception. Their two-room adobe 

Mercedes Pelatuna whose faith 
never wavered when her daughter 
was seriously ill with pneumonia 

Andres Pelatuna shaped the mud 
bricks to build his hut. He saved 
up a long time to paint it white 


hut had been shaped with their own hands 
and painted white. Andres is a bricklayer in 
Quito and is home only week ends. 

While Andres and Mercedes raised their 
family in the ways of their forefathers, people 
noticed that every month Benton Rhoades, 
Brethren missionary, came to see them. 

One day he brought them the good news 
that now a real doctor was coming from Quito 
to the clinic once a month. 

Little by little a few families began to 
lealize that here was someone who really did 
want to help them. Andres and his wife \'isit- 
ed the clinic once or twice when one of their 
children became ill, and the local medicine 
man with his guinea pig intestines or doll 
image of the patient failed to produce a cure. 
Often they would find friends or neighbors 
there for medical aid. 

Every week end when Andres returned 
home from Quito he carried his corn and 


Dr. John Horning and Faye Benalcazar, registered nurse, are aiding the work 
of our church in Ecuador with expanded medical services to native families 

barley to the mill to be ground for the animals 
and for his family. On one of these \'isits 
Luis Osorio, the miller, a member of the 
Brethren-sponsored church, invited Andres 
and his wife to come to their services. 

The first service the Andres family attend- 
ed was the Easter sunrise service. 

Within six months Andres and his wife 
accepted Christ and were baptized into the 

Mrs. Pelatuna, when she returned to the 
clinic again, discovered that Benton Rhoades, 
with the growing demands upon his time, had 
turned over his medical work entirely to Faye 
Koontz, a registered nurse from the United 

When Mercedes, the third child, was four 
montlis old, she was brought to the clinic with 
a cold. Two days later the baby was worse. 

Conxdnced that the ntuse was doing all 
that could be done, Andres and Mercedes 
were completely content in the knowledge 
that God was watching over them and they 
had placed this little life completely in his 
hands. This faith remained the following day 
when a return trip to the home revealed the 
baby was blue and ha\'ing great difficult)- in 

JANUARY 4, 1958 


Even with their baby at the point of 
death from pneumonia, these Christian In- 
dians, strong in their faith and trust in God, 
refused to worry. A rapid trip to the hospital 
in Quito with its oxygen tent sent them home 
again six days later, praising God for his 
goodness in sparing the life of their child. 

With the presence of a full-time nurse 
more patients began to come for help, and 
as many as fifteen patients a day were treated 
at the clinic. But many still died because 
their families would not come for help. Al- 
though the doctor continued to come once a 
month from Quito, the difficult problems and 
cases kept increasing. A full-time doctor was 
requested, and in August 1957 Dr. Horning, 
his v/ife and two children, arrived. 

Moved into larger quarters the clinic has 
accommodated up to thirty patients a day. 

But by constantly going to these people, 
befriending them and helping them, our work 
progresses, ever expanding as little bv little 
these Indians are drawn awa}' from their 
fears and superstitions and brought into the 
fuller life of Christ and the knowledge of his 
healing power. 


Historical Highlights 

By Elizabeth Weigle 

WHAT ARE SOME of the Significant events 
in Brethren history since the church 
was established in America?" I asked Dr. 
Flo>'d ^hlllott, professor of church history at 
Bethan}- Bibhcal Seminary. Without any 
liesitation came back the surprising answer, 
"First of all, the change from German to 

Though others have noted that the use of 
German was a factor in our slow growth, no 
one has suggested that the change to English 
was of any great importance. 

Dr. Mallott believes it is basic because it 
affected the whole idea of the church. As 
long as German was the primary language 
(and a minority language) the outreach of 
the church was limited to the German com- 
munity and the few others who could imder- 
stand the language. The language, though 
helping to keep the young church unified, 
was a l:)arrier in reaching the larger com- 

The remarkable thing about this change 
from one language to another. Dr. Mallott 
says, is the fact that it caused no controversy, 
no debate. When it occurred cannot be pin- 
pointed. We do know that as late as 1852 it 
was necessary to have a bilingual clerk for 
Annual Meeting. 

With the church turning to the use of 
English and slowly emerging from the seclu- 
sion into which it had withdrawn after the 
Revolutionary War, the time was ripe for the 
work and writing of Henry Kurtz. 

Dr. Mallott considers Henry Kurtz "the 
intellectual father of the church" and listed 
liis contributions as the second significant 
liappening in our history. 

His great contribution was the publication 
of a chiux'h paper, successfully begun in 1851. 
Through his paper he advocated establish- 
ing schools and colleges, for with the growing 
momentum of the industrial revolution he 
saw a new age coming and he wanted the 
church to be ready for it. 

Dr. Mallott considers Kurtz's striving to 


Dr. Floyd Mallott reaches for a 
volume of Henry Kurtz's paper. 
The Gospel Visitor, the forerun- 
ner of the present church paper 

get the church to work within the industrial 
society as the latter's greatest service. This 
is in line, of course, with Dr. Mallott's finn 
conviction that the church has been pro- 
foundly influenced by the industrial society. 
One feels that he would make all influences 
secondary to this one. 

Elder Kurtz's advocacy of the church 
working within the framework of the indus- 
trial order began a struggle within the organi- 
zation that culminated in the divisions of the 

The third outstanding event mentioned 
by Dr. Mallott is the foreign mission move- 
ment, which got under way in the 1870's, 
when a Danish friend of Christian Hope 


A course in church history under the unconventional methods of Dr. Mallott 
challenges the student while disturbing many of his preconceived ideas 

wanted the Brethren to send someone to bap- 
tize him. Christian Hope, himself a compara- 
tively recent newcomer to the States and to 
the Chnrch of the Brethren, was chosen by 
the District of Northern Illinois and Wiscon- 
sin to go with their support. Conference ap- 
proved this action, asking the districts to 
make contributions to the work. Hope and 
his wife sailed for Denmark in 1875. 

It is in the foreign mission movement 
that we have as perhaps nowhere else indi- 
viduals influencing the course of the church— 
Wil]:)ur Stoxer whose persistence opened the 
work in India in 1894; Frank Crumpacker, 
who led the way to China in 1908; and H. 
Stover Kulp and Albert Helser, who pio- 
neered in Africa in 1922. Their work brought 
a world outlook to a church whose early mis- 
sionary endeavors had spread it across a con- 
tinent, and opened avenues of service to 

young men and women wanting to propagate 
the gospel of Jesus Christ. 

The decision of the church to go into the 
field of social action has had far-reaching 
consequences, and its significance cannot be 
fully assessed yet. 

In Brethren Ser\ice, the last of the out- 
standing events listed by Dr. Mallott, was 
brought to focus the concern for those who 
suffered that had been characteristic of the 
church through the years. The way in which 
the church met the challenge of Cixilian 
Public Ser\'ice and relief in the 1940s demon- 
strated that the Brethren can adjust to a 
changing world and do it quickly. 

The future? Dr. Mallott hazarded a guess 
th'it the church was headed toward becoming 
a Christly humanitarian order in the larger 

JANUARY 4, 1958 



The Story of Our Church j. e. miller $2.50 

The Story of Our Church was first pubUshed m 1941. After wide 
distribution and extensive usefuhiess it went out of print but has now 
been revised and brought up to date. The book shows what led to 
organization of the Church of the Brethren at Schwarzenau m 1708, what 
drove the church to America, how it spread from the Atlantic to the 
Pacific, who some of its leaders were, and how it came to be what it is 

Studies in Christian Belief william m. beahm 

Coming early in 1958 to meet a need long felt among Brethren is 
this book with a theme following the familiar benediction of 2 Corinthians 
13:14, "The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ and the love of God and the 
fellowship of the Holy Spirit . . .' , , , , . ,. ^ r i-r 

Written with claritv of insight and depth of conviction out of a hte- 
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Printed especially for hoifs and girls of junior and junior high age 

This new book has been written for you and your brothers and 
sisters It will help vou to find answers to many of the questions which 
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JANUARY 11. 1958 



ATURE has delightful ways 
>f compensating for the ex- 
remes of seasonal weather, 
^fter so many leaves fall, the 
rees look lonely and lost, bend- 
ng and shivering in the January 
/ind. But the same wind can 
arry the gift of snow to blanket the barren earth and turn a naked tree 
nto a silhouette of grace. The millstream has a feathery border of white 
o accentuate its meandering path, and the old stone building almost 
omes alive under its downy roof. 

When men are too deeply troubled by circumstances they dem- 
>nstrate that their faith and assurance are only seasonal. But there are 
piritual compensations for changing times just as there are natural ones 
or the changing year. The Christian must learn with Paul how to be 
:ontent "in any and all circumstances," how to face "plenty and hunger, 
jbundance and want." For actually there is nothing seasonal about 
3od's favor. He can be depended upon summer or winter. He who 
ends sunshine and rain also provides the gift of snow. 

Religious News Service 

Gospel Messenger READERS WRITE . . . to the editor 

'Thy Kingdom Come" 


ELIZABETH WEIGLE - Editorial Assistant 

gan of the Church of the Brethren. 
Published weekly by the General Broth- 
erhood Board, Norman J. Bcrugher, Gen- 
eral Secretary, 22 S. State St., Elgin, 111., 
at $3.50 per annum in advance. Life 
subscription, $50, husband and wife, $60. 
Entered at the post office at Elgin, IlL, 
as second-class matter. Acceptance for 
mailing at special rate of postage pro- 
vided for in section 1103, Act of October 
3, 1917, authorized Aug. 20, 1918. 
Printed in U.S.A. 

MEMBER: The Associated Church Press 

SUBSCRIBER: Religious News Service, 

Ecumenical Press Service, World Around 


JANUARY 11, 1958 
Volume 107 Number 2 

In This Number ... 

Editorial — 

Compensations 1 

Time for a Peace Policy 5 

Surviving the Holidays 5 

The General Forum — 

Giving Is Living. Richard N. Miller . 3 

New Year Consecration (verse). 

Jean Leathers Phillips 4 

Winter's Snows. May Allread Baker 7 
Winter (verse). Ernestine Hoff Emrick 7 
If Jesus Were Here Today. 

Paul Crumley 8 

Family Fun Fare 9 

Lombardy Poplars (verse). 

May Altead Baker 9 

Oneness in Christ 10 

The Family Counselor 14 

O God, Let Me Be Aware. Kirby Page 14 
News — 

Kingdom Gleanings 16 

News and Comment From Around the 

World 18 

Church News 29 

Toward His Kingdom — 

Seminar Season Is Here 20 

Solving the Space Problem in the 

Church School 22 

Pavement Dwellers. Edythe McDowell 24 
Women Leam, Too. Clara Harper . . 24 

Meet Your Missionaries 25 

Tacoma Completes New Church .... 26 
Announcing the Brotherhood Church 
Extension Fund 27 

"If the facts of interchurch co- 
operation were known, it would 
hearten millions of people who 
are thoroughly loyal to their own 
denominations but who are 
troubled about what appears to 
be the divided condition of the 
church." — Roy G. Ross 


The Gospel Messenger welcomes letters commenting on editorials, articles and 
news. Letters should be brief and brotherly. 

where our church was bom will 
mean very little to us unless we 
catch the spirit that moved those 
that led in the great work. 

The Lord will not fail us. But 
we may fail him and thereby suffer 
loss. It cannot be othervdse.— Joseph 
U. Cassel, CoUegeville, Pa. 

The 250th Anniversary 

Fifty years ago our people re- 
joiced greatly that we had come 
to the 200th year of our history 
as an organized Christian church. 
We did not hear the great speeches 
made by the then leaders of our 
church at the Annual Meeting, but 
we can read them now, (for they 
have been preserved) with great 

Now after another fifty years a 
far greater program of celebration 
is planned. We are pleased that 
the first stage or steps in the pro- 
gram is repentance. Who is there 
among us that feels that we have 
done as well as we should have 
in carrying the work forward? 

It has been the writer's lot to 
have been bom and raised in that 
part of our country where our Breth- 
ren first came. We are now living 
in Skippack, which was the first 
stopping place of the first missionary 
group that was sent out from Ger- 
mantown. It was in this part of 
Pennsylvania that many places of 
worship were established. 

What has become of these places 
of worship? Why are there not 
strong churches here, instead of 
neglected cemeteries and no traces 
of the meetinghouses that once were 

In recent years, our church has 
made great strides forward in our 
foreign and home mission work, our 
colleges and Bible Seminary, our 
Brethren Service, our publishing 
house and periodicals, our fine 
church buildings, and splendid 
homes and costly cars. 

All these do not give us any 
reason to boast. Our doctrine and 
practice have always taken weU 
with the people. The fault may 
be that we have not lived as we 
have preached. Men will know us 
and read us, but will they read 
us as the epistles of Christ? This 
should give us great concern in 

Yes, we rejoice greatly that the 
Church of the Brethren has re- 
mained to bless the world for 250 
years. Her efforts have not always 
failed, for many have been brought 
to virtue and glory through her 
service. Because we failed in the 
past is a very good reason that we 
should do better now. The rather 
expensive journey to the place 

Experienced Leaders 

Current writers point to the loss 
in talent and experience suffered 
in our American system which re- 
tires active workers at age sixty-five. 
Recruiting for the ministry suggests 
interesting young men in choosing 
the ministerial vocation and guiding 
others in their middle years into 
pastoral leadership. A third area 
lies in educating the churches to 
welcome the leadership of ministers 
who have reached sixty-five, who 
could and would serve longer, if 
welcomed to a field of service. 

Isn't it time to dismiss the idea 
that "our young people" need the 
guidance of younger ministers? In 
some places this may be true. 

High school faculties today have 
a notable proportion of teachers 
well beyond fifty. I feel that present 
day youth may have and can 
have a more co-operative attitude 
toward experienced leaders than 
may have been true of the writer's 
generation. . . . 

May I urge our churches to dem- 
onstrate to their communities that 
experienced spiritual leaders have a 
contribution that is worthy of rec- 
ognition and employment? EflB- 
ciency standards drawn up by 
commercial interests may be foreign 
to the family of God. As the senti- 
ment that "the pastor must do it 
all" is displaced by 'let all the 
members work"— the age span for 
effective leadership increases.— Galen 
Barkdoll, Copemish, Mich. 

Understanding the Scriptures 

As I browse through the ad- 
monitions, commandments, love, 
and blessings found in the still 
green pastures so abundantiy wa- 
tered in the Book of books, I am 
made to wonder how any one can 
admit that they cannnot understand 
the Scriptures. Everywhere in the 
Bible when God spoke it was good 
and proved a blessing; if disobedi- 
ent to the voice it brought a curse 
or punishment. — Elsie E. Jackson, 
Pomona, Calif. 

A person who gives to the 
work of God is likely to 
make a place for God in 
his home, his business, 
and his thoughts 

Keeping one's resources to 
himseli makes for a life as 
desolate as the land by 
a lake that has no outlet 

National Council of Churches 





Richard N. Miller 

A giving church is a living, growing church; a 
giving person is seeking first the things of God 

I MUST confess that the 
stewardship theme chosen 
by the National Council of 
Churches this year left me 
blank. There was rhyme, but 
no reason in the slogan, To Give 
Is to Live. I am sure already, 
thought I, whether or not I 
give. How can the person who 
gives live any more than the 
one who fails to share? It did 
not make sense. There seemed 
to be no connection. 

Then the telephone rang. A 
member of the church had 
some questions about his stew- 
ardship commitment. "You 
know," he said, "it costs me 
more to belong to church than 
it does to any other organiza- 
tion in Dayton," and then he 
added, "but of course the 

JANUARY 11, 1958 3 

church is the only organization 
that concerns itself with my 
eternal life." 

Suddenly the slogan flashed 
in my mind: To Give Is to Live. 
My friend had shed new light 
on these words. He was saying 
that giving has a relationship 
to life eternal. 

Jesus had said that, too. "Lay 
not up for yourself treasures on 
earth . . . but lay up for your- 
self treasures in heaven." And 
then again in the story of the 
rich young man who came to 
ask how he might inherit eter- 
nal life, Jesus replied that he 
needed not only to keep the 
commandments, but to give. 

This young man was a tither. 
(Tithing was a commandment 
and he had kept all the other 
commandments since becoming 
of age.) Jesus expected much 
more from him. By the Master's 
standards, a person (even a 
tither) does not give until he 
gives sacrificially. 

To give sacrificially is to live 
in this new dimension of eter- 
nity—not in the sense that with 
each offering we purchase a 
little more of eternity, nor that 
our gifts are bribes to pay God 
to forget the commandments 
we have broken, but rather in 
the sense that when we give 
sacrificially we are ordering our 
lives to seek first the things of 
God. There is a direct relation- 
ship between where a person's 
money is and where his heart 
is. Jesus said that, too. 

There is truth in this: a per- 
son who does not give to the 
work of God is not hkely to 
make much of a place in his 
business or home or his thoughts 
for God. A person's commit- 
ment must be sacrificial in 
order for it to mean much to 
him, and thus to mean much 
to God, and thus to mean much 
to him in terms of eternal life. 




What shall I give to thee. King of my heart. 

In this New Year thou hast given? 

Worship and praise and a life set apart 

From the world, this beginning of heaven. 

How shall I serve thee and where, dear Heart? 

Thou Heart that was broken for me! 

Here where I have in my city a part. 

Here would I faithful be. 

Here I would captiire the still small voice 

And prayerfully yield to thy lead. 

Here would I harvest the grain of thy choice 

That this year may be blessed, indeed! 

To give sacrificially is to live 

Interesting, is it not, that 
when you reverse this slogan 
it has equal meaning? The 
thought of living into the future 
motivates the giver to share 
more sacrificially now. When 
one considers the account that 
he must someday give, it causes 
him to reorder his present stand- 
ards of living and giving. 

The pastor of Hyde Park 
Methodist church in Tampa, 
Florida, tells a story that hap- 
pened in a former pastorate. 
One of his families was driving 
home after a church pledge 
supper and they had about de- 
cided to cut their pledge in two, 
when suddenly they rounded a 
bend, and headed into a train 
and sure death. 

Looking up, the wife said, 
"I saw that train and knew we 
were all going to be killed and 
I shouted, 'Give it all to God'! " 
Her husband swung the wheel 
and somehow they slid along- 
side of the train instead of into 
it. You can understand what 
came into that woman's life in 
that split second when death 
was imminent. It was in a true 
sense the relative values of life. 
In that split second she saw the 
things that are most important. 

To give is to live, and the 
very thought of living eternally 

prompts us to give sacrificially 
now. But I am convinced of 
this, also: that giving is living 
right now, that we find more 
abundant life in the present 
because we give. 

Fulton Oursler in Modern 
Parables tells that not so long 
ago, the Rev. Robert N. Pierce, 
Presbyterian missionary, was 
visiting a colony of leprosy pa- 
tients at the Cameroons in West 
Africa. Dr. Pierce felt so sorry 
for those sick people and their 
great suffering (all of them 
doomed to live and die on the 
island, and never live among 
loved ones again ) that he began 
to tell them how much worse oflF 
were some other people in the 
world— the homeless, the starv- 
ing, the slaves of modem tyran- 
nies, victims of awful cruelties. 

"I was trying to show them 
their oneness with the world 
outside," Dr. Pierce reports of 
that Sunday morning meeting 
in the Gameroons. "I assured 
them that there was suffering 
all around the world, not just in 
their colony." 

Next morning when Pierce 
was leaving, the colony's leader 
came running after him, hold- 
ing out a small, rudely made 
cloth sack on the end of a stick. 

"It is for the people across 
the ocean who are in such 

Continued on page 7 


Surviving the Holidays 

NOW that Christmas is over and our daily 
schedules have returned to what seems 
normal, it is time to ask how well we 
survived the holiday season. We are not refer- 
ring to how much we received materially or to 
the losses suffered by our pocketbooks. These 
standards of assessment are too widely used 

We refer rather to the alternatives set forth 
in a pre-Christmas article by Ernestine Emrick. 
Whose birthday did we celebrate? Was it "Santa 
or Savior"? 

To make sure that department store Santas 
would be cared for, the American Guild of Var- 
iety Artists sought to negotiate for its union 
members a minimum salary of $125 for 27)2 
hours work. Being pleasant to little children, 
listening to their Christmas wishes, wearing an 
uncomfortable unifoim and sporting a white 
beard, with perhaps a few jolly ho-ho-ho's 
thrown in for good measure, is classified by the 
union as "entertainment." No such wage guar- 
antees were provided for Salvation Army Santas 
or others who volunteer their services for chil- 
dren's parties, because they do not qualify as 
professional "entertainers." 

The salaried Santa is only one symptom of 
how universally Christmas has become commer- 
cialized. In spite of the lovely music we hear 
throughout the season, in spite of the wholesome 
family traditions we seek to perpetuate, in spite 
of the energetic efforts of pastors and commun- 
ity leaders to focus attention on Jesus Christ 
and his birth, we often pause wearily at the 
end of Christmas Day and wonder whether the 
Christ Child would really be any more welcome 
in our town than he was at the inns in Bethle- 

Now that Christmas is over it is appropriate 
to ask ourselves: did we really honor Jesus 
Christ or did we try to use him? Did we think 
of serving him or did we devise some new way 
by which his name, his story, his appeal to 
mankind could serve us? Was his birthdav an 
excuse for self-gratification or was it an invita- 
tion to kneel before his manger? We often 
spoke his name. Did we honor it or did we 
profane it? Will we be more devoted disciples 
of his throughout 1958 because at Christmas 
we were impelled to follow him?— k. m. 

Time for a New Peace Policy 

AS THE recent Paris conference of the 
North Atlantic Treaty Organization con- 
cluded, President Eisenhower declared 
that its decisions would "promise far-reaching 
results and should make war less likely and peace 
more sure." 

Christians everywhere will join the president 
in his prayer that such may be the outcome. 
But Christians will also view the mounting arms 
race as a threat to peace. Therefore we may 
well question whether the NATO conference 
really worked toward such desirable ends. 

The president and his secretary of state 
went to Paris with the objective of persuading 
European nations to let us launch intermediate 
range ballistic missiles from their soil. For the 
most part the European leaders were reluctant 
to share in this project and they came to Paris 
talking about the need to negotiate our differ- 
ences with the Soviets. 

There were strong suggestions from this side 
of the Atlantic also that we ought to work first 
for a peaceful settlement. Men like Lester Pear- 
son, Canadian winner of the Nobel Peace Prize, 
and Adlai Stevenson urged our leaders to leave 
no stone unturned in responding to Russian 
overtures for a settlement. George Kennan, 
former ambassador to Moscow, warned against 
strengthening NATO too much lest it harm our 
chances for peaceful negotiation. 

But the president ignored the Russian over- 
ture and the secretary of state indicated he 
hadn't read it. The president also rejected pro- 
posals for an immediate halt to nuclear tests. 
And so the conference began with our leaders 
in the role of advocating more weapons, while 
our European friends were urging us to moder- 
ate our demands. The conclusion was a com- 
promise that still leaves the way open for 
peaceful efforts, but it can hardly be said that 
our own representatives gave leadership in the 
ways of peace. 

Isn't it about time that we recognize that 
there are alternatives to a suicidal arms race? 
Isn't it time to consider the millions who will 
gain nothing and lose almost everything if we 
blunder into another war?— k.m. 

JANUARY 11, 1958 5 



' JMk^iMjJs£if/^^M^Xii'^~/'^y ' 

Religious News Service 


IT IS a cold day in early 
January. And the snow 
comes driving over the 
bare, brown fields, covering 
them with a blanket of 
fleecy white. 

There has always been 
something about the snow 
which thrills my heart with 
ecstacy. Nothing in all this _ 
world is so beautiful as 
these crystals of dazzling white- 
ness. On our lawn, the spruce 
and pine have garlands woven 
in and out of their dark hair; 
the cedars wear ostrich plumes; 
pearls deck out the gnarled old 
orchard trees; there are yards 
and yards of frilly lace in the 
hedge. Even the humble beg- 
gar weeds are clothed in ermine 
fit for a king. 

Tomorrow, perhaps, we shall 
rise to a zero day, with the 
snow fiiTnly packed, and a pale 
sun shining. Then there will be 
violet shadows under the ever- 
greens, and black, shadow- 
pictures on the snow where it 
has drifted under the maples 
and elms. 

Now there is no color but the 
gray sky and the white snow, if 
we except a pair of cardinals in 
the leafless lilac bush and a 
blue jay stabbing at a piece of 
suet hung up in a nearby tree. 

If the roads do not get too 
bad, our son and his family will 
be stopping over for a few days 
on their way to their winter 


May Allread Baker 

home in Florida. And my six- 
year-old granddaughter also 
loves the snow. 

"Tell me about the Snow 
Queen, Grandma," she coaxes, 
snuggling down in my lap and 
laying her blonde head upon 
my shoulder. She never tires 
of Andersen's Snow Queen, no 
matter how many times she 
hears it. 

We both enjoy walking in the 
snow. Warmly bundled up, 
with the dog at our heels, we 
strike out across the fields and 
down to the stream. Ice fringes 
the edges, and the water in the 
middle is the color of tea steep- 
ing. The alders are black 
against the snow, and farther 
away, the wood looks as if it 
were sketched in blue ink. We 
cannot see very far, though, for 
the familiar landscape is 
blurred, and we seem to be in a 
world of feathery whiteness, all 
our own. 

But we are reminded, even 
in January, that spring nears. 
Already the days are a bit long- 



A chill wind shrieks across the gray expanse; 
Gaunt skeletons of trees, so lately gowned 
In autumn skirts for their wild gypsy dance. 
Stand shivering, feet frozen to the ground. 
And as life's time of winter rages by. 
Our storm-swept souls, disrobed of all pretense. 
Stand starkly black against God's searching sky. 
Misshapen — or in pure magnificence. 

er; the hthe limbs of the 
weeping willows are turn- 
ing golden; soon new, ten- 
der leaves will bend softly 
down to kiss the greening 

Early next month sweet 
little song sparrows will 
tune up their songs, a trifle 

rusty from long disuse. The 

first robin will come; the 
sunsets will linger long, and be 
apricot and apple green- 
spring's own colors. 

Woodchucks will venture out 
of their winter burrows; the 
first flowers of spring will ap- 
pear in the wood and on the 
lawns. Tractors will hum. 

Spring, summer, autumn, 
winter— all of God's seasons are 
beautiful and well-ordered. But 
most of all, I love the snows of 

Giving Is Living 

Continued from page 4 

need," the man explained. "We 
didn't know how badly off they 
were. Every one of us has given 
the money we had left." 

Dr. Pierce is blessed with 
good eyesight, yet he had 
strange diflFiculty that morning 
in counting those finger smooth 
old coins. In the end they came 
to 152 francs, or $2.18, which 
the leprosy patients, out of a 
lifetime of savings, had given 
in charity for use in the world 

They had received in their 
hearts the greatest blessing in 
the world. Rather than grieving 
for themselves and receiving 
only, they gave themselves in 
compassion for others. To give 
is to be blessed with abundant 

There is a ranch in Colorado 

Continued on page 9 
JANUARY 11, 1958 7 

If Jesus Were Here Today 

JESUS makes all of us un- 
comfortable until we have 
come into a right relation- 
ship with him. When he lived 
among men he made many of 
the religious leaders so uncom- 
fortable they were driven to 
wrath. One day in the temple, 
as he was teaching his followers 
a better way, the Jews became 
so enraged at his teachings of 
truth, that they all but stoned 
liim (John 10). 

His teachings were at cross 
purposes with their personal 
selfish desires. Their hardened, 
closed minds could not receive 
his teachings of truth. His new 
hght of life hurt their spiritual 
eyes because they were dimmed 
by the cataracts of greed, self- 
ishness, and prejudice. They 
were convinced that to get rid 
of Jesus would relieve their 
seared conscience. 

Their fathers had killed tlie 
prophets because they too had 
been made uncomfortable, and 
the truth of the prophets un- 
covered their sins. Not only 
did sinful men kill Jesus, but 
they killed Stephen, Peter, Paul, 
and a long line of Christian 
martyrs. The Spirit of the risen 

Jesus' teachings were so at cross 
purposes with the selfish desires 
(A the religious leaders that 
they attempted to stone him once 

Paul Crumley 

Christ, living in committed 
Christians, made sinful men un- 
comfortable, restless, and ruth- 
less. God's Spirit of truth 
uncovei's and bares our sins un- 
til we come into a right rela- 
tionship with him. 

Suppose Jesus should come 
into our community, teaching 
his principles as they apply to 
our day, our lives, our church, 
and our nation. How would we 
react to him? Would we con- 
sider him a dreamer, or perhaps 
a little insane? Would we be 
attracted to him if he were to 
teach his principles of equality, 

justice, and the Brotherhood 
of all men, regardless of the 
color of skin or the place of 

How would we receive him 
if he were to tell you and me 
what it means to turn the other 
cheek, to forgive without reser- 
vations, to love and pray for 
our enemies? Could we apply 
those principles to our relations 
with our neighbors at home and 
in other lands? What would 
we do with him if he gave us 
his convictions on the steward- 
ship of money? Would we rush 
to our pastors to have our bill- 
folds baptized, then start tith- 
ing? Or would we, too, have 
the urge to crucify him? 

William Hole 
Gramstorff Brothers Inc. 


Would not many of us who 
are his followers feel the same 
emotions of wrath toward our 
Master, as those who were driv- 
en to the verge of stoning, if he 
should allow his piercing eyes 
to penetrate our souls, and say, 
"Brother, this means you too"? 
Would not we half-committed 
Christians be just as uncomfor- 
table as the Jews who wanted 
to get rid of him? 

Giving Is Living 

Continued from page 7 

at the base of a mountain, says 
George Stewart. From snow 
fields hundreds of feet above, 
two streams trickle down and 
divide. One grows until its 
waters are caught up by skilled 
engineers and made to irrigate 
a thousand ranches. The other 
runs into a blind valley and 
spreads into a lake with no out- 
let. One loses itself on a mesa 
and gives food to the homes of 
men. The other turns in upon 
itself and kills everything that 
it touches. The one gives and 
lives, and the other keeps and 
is dead. 

I know churches like the sec- 
ond lake, selfish, dying 
churches. I came home from a 
recent meeting discouraged at 
the giving of our churches and 
tired of the time-worn excuses 
of "our people can't afford to 
give any more" and "we have 
to cut our benevolences be- 
cause we are building a 
church." Faced with a tremen- 
dous building program and a 
great indebtedness, and in view 
of the response of other congre- 
gations, my first reaction was 
to suggest to our church that 
we cut in half our giving to out- 
reach. It would still equal the 
average per member giving of 
the other congregations. 

Then I came to myself and 
realized that we are not giving 
as we do because of the other 
churches. We are giving at 
such a rate because we cannot 

Famflq Fun Fare 

Introducing a new feature in which our readers share their experiences 
in wholesome family fun; why not send information about your best family 
games, songs, contests, and informal worship ideas to the Recreation Depart- 
ment, General Brotherhood Board, 22 S. State Street, Elgin, Illinois? 

Fun With Music 

IF YOU want to give a new look to an old round try singing 
three rounds together at the same time like Three Blind Mice, 
Row, Row, Row Your Boat and Are You Sleeping? Divide 
your group into three parts for the singing of each of the rounds. 
Start each one of the groups at the same time singing one of 
the three rounds. Next divide each round group into three parts. 
Thus you have part 1, groups one, two, and three; and part two, 
groups one, two and three; and part .3, groups one, two and 

Sing the round three times as usual, starting all part one's 
at the same time, part two's at the same time, and part three's 
at the same time, each in succession. If carefully timed you can 
measure yourself and your crowd to bring everyone out together. 
Be sure that all part one's of the three different groups are singing 
together their three songs. Likewise part two's their three 
different songs, etc. 

Another idea to spice up an old song with many verses like 
Old MacDonald Had a Farm: start each succeeding verse a half 
step higher slurring into it from the previous verse. Be sure to 
start the song low enough to absorb the elevation each time. If 
the group has a number of verses they wish to sing you could 
go up the scale and down it accordingly.— Submitted by David 
Albright, Nampa, Idaho. 

afford to do less. We know 
what happens to churches that 
think only of themselves: they 
are dying or dead, gaining new 
buildings, but losing their souls. 
To be a living, growing church 
it must be a giving church, and 
to be a living person one must 
be a giving person. 

In the Holy Land there are 
two seas. One is in the north. 
It is the Sea of Galilee. It is 
surrounded by green shores, is 
replete with fish, and the river 
Jordan comes nishing down 
from the hills to enter its sweet 
waters. The Jordan flows 
through the Sea of Galilee and 
finally enters the Dead Sea, 
which receives, but does not 
give. It hoards every drop it 
gets. All is barren desolation 
there. No fish can live in its 
depths. Trees, flowers, and 

shrubs refuse to grow on its 
banks. There is no laughter 
there. The one sea lives be- 
cause it gives. The other re- 
ceives and keeps and dies and 
defies the very law of creation: 
To give is to live now and for- 

Lombardy Poplars 


By our garden fence, young pop- 

Hold their heads so proud and 

One might fancy them on tiptoe 
Reaching up to touch the sky. 

In the early winter evening. 
Can there be a fairer sight 
Than these trees, so tall and 

Waiting for the starry night? 

JANUARY 11, 1958 9 

Across Denominations 

Across Nations 

Across Races 

in Christ 

A Report on the National Council 
of Churches General Assembly 

HOW can the Protestant and 
Eastern Orthodox churches 
of the United States best 
demonstrate their oneness in Christ? 
This was the question that confront- 
ed the two thousand persons who 
attended the Fourth General As- 
sembly of the National Council of 
Churches at St. Louis last month. 

Among these representatives of 
the churches were nearly 500 voting 
delegates from the 30-member de- 
nominations. They were joined by 
visitors, consultants, and others rep- 
resenting churches and agencies aflBl- 
iated in some way with the Council. 

The Assembly program provided a 
nimiber of business sessions in which 
the official delegates could review 
the work of seventy-five different 
programs that the churches carry on 
together through the Council. The 
delegates also elected officers for the 
aext three years, and determined the 
policies that will guide the co- 
operative work of the churches dur- 
ing that period. 

For presiding officer during the 
next three years, the delegates chose 
Dr. Edwin T. Dahlberg, pastor of 
the Delmar Baptist church of St. 
Louis. Dr. Dahlberg is the first 
Baptist to head the Council and the 
first churchman to be elected presi- 
dent while serving as an active pas- 
tor. Dr. Roy G. Ross will continue to 



serve as general secretary and he will 
be assisted by R. H. Edwin Espy, the 
first layman to serve as the Council's 
second ranking administrator. 

The National Council of Churches 
now has 303 separate departments 
and a staff of 655, including 190 
executives. Its various units are 
guided by 5,400 laymen and clergy- 
men, who serve on operating com- 
mittees and boards. The Council's 
budget amounts to more than nine- 
teen million dollars. 

Across Denominations 

As set forth in the theme of the 
Assembly, one of the purposes of the 
National Council is to maintain one- 
ness in Christ across denominations. 
In order to review adequately the 
many co-operative programs which 
are carried on through the National 
Council, delegates were divided into 
twenty-one groups, so that in this 
manner they could give attention in 
some detaU to work carried on by 
the Council during the past three 
years, and also to submit their 
recommendations to the General 
Assembly for future operations. 

The Council carries on its work in 
four main divisions, representing in- 
terests of Christian education. Chris- 
tian life and work, foreign and home 
missions, and also through several 
general departments, such as Church 
World Service, United Church Wom- 
en, and United Church Men. All of 

these major council units were under 
review by the delegate groups. 

In addition to the review of spe- 
cific programs. Dr. Roy G. Ross pre- 
sented a comprehensive report on 
the state of the Council and Dr. 
Roswell P. Barnes, who has served 
as associate secretary, but who will 
be leaving the Council on January 1, 
presented a report on the state of the 

Church of the Brethren 

■ Approximately forty members of 
the Church of the Brethren partici- 
pated in the National Council Gener- 1 
al Assembly. Of this number nine 
served as voting delegates. They 
were Norman J. Baugher, Desmond! 
W. Bittinger, James H. Elrod, Ray- 1 
mond R. Peters, Paul E. Miller, Earl I 
M. Bovraian, Harold D. Fasnacht,! 
Rufus B. King, and Mrs. CharlesI 
E. Zunkel. Other Brethren attended! 
in the capacity of accredited visitors,! 
as members of local, state and Na- 
tional Council staffs and as consul- 
tants for the various divisions andl 
departments of the council. Thai 
editor of the Gospel Messenger, inl 
addition to covering the sessions asl 
a reporter for this paper, also served! 
as a volunteer assistant in the publici 
relations staff of the Assembly. 

yA^^^^ *j ^y /^«-^"^;^'5-'>.^ 

W. C. Runder 

rdm the left: J. Quinter Miller, an assistant general secretary of the National Council, the executive 
ecretary of the General Assembly; Rev. Hampton Adams, the general chairman; Eugene Carson 
lake, the president of the National Council; and Roy C. Ross, the general secretary of the Council 

Dr. Barnes said that the nation's 
hurches are doing something about 
le "revival of interest in religion," 
ut they must "lead men beyond 
leir generalized interest," to faith 
1 God. To do this, church leaders 
lust have depth of insight and qual- 
y of life. Too many churches, he 
eclared, are concerned more about 
whether a minister is "a good admin- 
;trator" than about whether he is "a 
;arless prophet." 

Dr. Barnes said that in carrying 
ut their task to bring all men to 
'orship God, churches must obey 
le gospel and not be too concerned 
bout popular reaction. The fact 
lat there are now more than 100 
lillion people aflBliated with reli- 
ious institutions and that financial 
jpport is rapidly increasing are in- 
ications of the widespread interest 
1 religion. However, the churches 
Iso have a responsibility for doing 
jmething about the "low state of 
loral discipline" in America. 

The work of Christian educators 
ame under close scrutiny on the 
art of Theodore A. Gill, managing 
ditor of the Christian Century mag- 
zine. He challenged educators to 
jab and jar and rattle the Christian 
onscience on everything." He de- 
sribed a recent experience of his in 
ndonesia, which illustrated the "in- 
redible eagerness of Asiatics for ed- 

He said, "What has happened, 
bat we must hire Americans to be 

curious, that we must try to buy 
their interest? Can Christians agree 
to this flattening of creativity, this 
fading in our curiosity? Is there any- 
thing that education can do to re- 
store wonder and excitement to our 

Dr. Truman B. Douglass made a 
plea for denominations to turn over 
to local, state, and national councils 
more functions that are "sufficientlv 
momentous" so that these councils 
become symbols of the unity of 
Protestant and Orthodox churches. 
He pointed out that the general pub- 
lic regards councils of churches as 
"being mainly occupied with oppos- 
ing bingo, or pari-mutuel betting on 
horse races." 

The growing importance of the 
councils was stressed by the speaker. 
He said there are 5,000 organized 
units of the council movement in 
the United States, ranging from local 
ministerial associations and church 
councils to the National Council. 

The National Council's work was 
extended bv the addition at this 
Assembly of four new constituent 
member denominations. These are 
the Diocese of the Armenian Church 
of North America, with 102,900 
members; the Polish National Catho- 
lic Church of America, with 265,900 
members; the Free Magyar Re- 
formed Church in America, with 
9,000 members; and the Serbian 
Eastern Orthodox church, with 
100,000 members. 

Across the Nations 

Although the National Council of 
Churches is a national organization, 
it seeks to further oneness in Christ 
reaching far beyond national bound- 
aries. For this reason, many of the 
sessions at St. Louis dealt with in- 
ternational concerns and represented 
the prevailing interest that Christ 
should be recognized as one Lord 
over all nations and all peoples. 

Although President Eisenhower, 
because of a recent illness was un- 
able to attend the Assembly sessions, 
he sent a message that was read to 
the group, and sent a personal rep- 
resentative from his staff, who said 
that the President wants the churches 
of America to "speak up clear and 

Throughout the Assembly sessions 
the churches were speaking up in 
rather unmistakable terms. Some of 
their comments dealt specifically 
with national and international is- 
sues. For example, one of the lunch- 
eon speakers, Senator Proxmire of 
Wisconsin, criticized the present gov- 
ernment farm policy as "a monu- 
mental failure of moral imagination." 
He called it a policy that deliberate- 
ly wastes food, while millions around 
the world are hungry. The senator 
maintained that if farm policies could 
be changed, farm surpluses could be 
used to feed millions of children in 

JANUARY 11. 1958 


Asia, Africa, South and Central 
America. He congratulated Church 
World Ser\ice for pla\ing an aggres- 
sive role in surplus food distribution. 
The senator noted that four fifths 
of all the nation's \'oluntar\' overseas 
relief work has been conducted 
through religious agencies. Yet he 
pointed out that the churches cannot 
rest on self-praise, since the present 
world total of refugees is a stagger- 
ing amount, including millions of 
homeless in Europe and Asia. 

A speaker in the Division of For- 
eign Missions session, Dr. Donald 
Black, said that America's high living 
standard complicates our efforts 
abroad. American nationalism great- 
ly affects the churches, because peo- 
ple find it easy to equate patriotism 
with Christianity. Declaring that 
limited vision hinders our relation- 
ships abroad and blocks co-operative 
effort, Dr. Black warned against hu- 
man pride, and declared that "we 
still have to learn a lot more about 
co-operative effort." 

Another speaker was Bishop Rajah 
B. Manikam, Bishop of the Fed- 
eration of Evangelical Lutheran 
Churches in India. He argued that 
divisions in the church and the lack 
of a united witness are a great 
stumbling block in the way of others 
accepting Christ." 

He said, "The churches in the 
States and their missionary societies 
would do well not to put any im- 
pediments in the way of the young 
churches desiring to unite with one 
another. They should select and 
send to the East such men and wom- 
en missionaries as will not look at 
each other critically over denomina- 
tional walls, nor desire to perpetuate 
those historic divisions which, what- 
ever they may mean to the West, 
have far less relevance in the Eastern 

The theme of Oneness in Christ 
Across Nations was discussed by two 
main speakers at an evening session. 
Dr. O. Frederick Nolde, director of 
the Commission of the Churches on 
International Affairs, commented on 
the recent Soviet scientific advance- 
ments and set forth his view of the 
goal of American foreign policy. He 
said, "We are grateful for the sig- 
nificant part which the United States 
has played in the defense of freedom 
and justice in a divided world. Yet 
both its people and government must 
learn the hard lesson that America's 
world role, if it is to meet its moral 

responsibility, must be to unite and 
not to divide." 

The Christian's role in unifying 
the world also was expressed by 
Charles Parlin, an attorney and a 
prominent Methodist layman. Mr. 
Parlin advocated that a delegation 
of churchmen make contact with 
Christians in China, as was done last 
year with Russian Christians. He 
said, "Let us remember always that 
we and our Christian brothers every- 
where, even bevond the Iron and 
Bamboo Curtains are necessarily 
drawn closer together as we are 
mutually drawn closer to the Christ 
who died for all and for all is Lord 
and Savior." 

The same concern of the churches 
that oneness in Christ should be 
maintained across national lines was 
represented in various resolutions 
passed by the Council. The Division 
of Foreign Missions urged that an 
unconditional United States loan be 
made to India, saying that Asia's 
"largest free democracy" has alreadv 
taken drastic measures to meet its 
problem bv taxing its own people as 
never before. 

Other resolutions dealt with the 
liberalization of refugee legislation, 
international trade and aid; and a 
major resolution set forth the views 
of the church on the nuclear space 
age. After considerable discussion 

the delegate body amended this com- 
prehensive statement by including 
the following paragraph referring to 
disarmament, "We believe that the 
accelerating arms race which now 
grips our world may lead directly to 
a war which will destroy civilization. 
Therefore, we believe that efforts 
must be redoubled to realize the final 
goal of world-wide disarmament in 
the framework of the United Na- 

Across the Races 

A third major concern of the As- 
sembly was that oneness in Christ 
and unity in fellowship should be 
maintained across racial distinctions. 
In a major evening session devoted 
to this aspect of the Assembly's 
theme, delegates and visitors were 
told that the church is still the most 
racially segregated institution in 
American life, but some progress is 
being made in integrating it. 

Dean Liston Pope of Yale Divinity 
School said that although only ten 
per cent of American Protestant con- 
gregations are interracial, this per- 
centage is five times as great as that 
of a decade ago. He said that com- 
parable or even greater changes have 
taken place in the last decade in 
most church-related institutions such 
as schools, colleges, and hospitals. 

The movement toward integration 

Dr. Edwin T. Dahlberg, pastor of the Delmar Baptist chxirch 
in St. Louis, was elected president of the National Coun- 
cil at the third General Assembly. Succeeding Dr. Eugene 
Carson Blake, he is the first Baptist and the first parish 
pastor to head the council since it was formed in 1950 



[las been at an uneven rate in the 
i^arious denominations and regions of 
:he country, but it has affected them 
ill, including a number of churches 
ind educational institutions in the 
south. Dean Pope pointed out that 
:he residentially segregated neigh- 
jorhoods make it verv difficult, al- 
Tiost unnatural for neighborhood 
churches to become racially inclus- 

Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., Negro 
castor from Montgomery, Alabama, 
jelieves that most local churches 
lave moved too slowly in integra- 
ion. He said, "All too many min- 
sters are still silent while evil rages. 
1 may well be that the greatest 
ragedv of this period of social trans- 
tion is not the glaring noisiness of 
he so-called bad people, but the 
ippalling silence of the so-called 
^ood people." 

In another message, Dr. King 
Dointed out that the American Negro 
'has come a long, long way" in gain- 
ng a new self-respect and a sense of 
lignitv and in achieving civil rights, 
rie said, "In our generation we have 
loticed a gradual crumbling of the 
ystem of segregation; as a result of 
he Supreme Court decision we have 
)roken loose from an Egypt of seg- 
egation, and we are now moving 
hrough a wilderness of adjustment 

toward the promised land of inte- 

The Council also passed new reso- 
lutions concerning racial segregation 
and a resolution on freedom of asso- 
ciation, which defended the right of 
private organizations to keep their 
membership lists confidential. This 
action referred to recent demands in 
the South calling for publication of 
NAACP memberships. 

In addition to registering their 
opposition to racial segregation, 
delegates to the assembly also ex- 
pressed concern regarding reports of 
racial segregation and discrimination 
against Negro delegates to the meet- 
ing in St. Louis. Their statement 
praised the nondiscrimination prac- 
tice in many of the citv's hotels and 
eating places and called on delegates 
and other officials to patronize only 
those facilities listed in the informa- 
tion book for registrants, which had 
agreed to serve all people without 
regard to color. 

Delegates went a step further and 
reaffinued a Council policy that the 
Ceneral Assembly be held only in 
cities where "prevailing practice in 
restaurants, transportation, and all 
other public facilities is service to 
all people, without regard to race or 

In a press conference immediately 

following his election as new presi- 
dent of the National Council, Dr. 
Edwin T. Dahlberg predicted that 
exactly as there was a great rebirth 
of spiritual interest following the dis- 
coveries of Columbus and all of the 
early explorers, in the same manner, 
space travel will "so stir the human 
imagination that there will follow a 
great spiritual revival." 

The new president foresees a new- 
role for the National Council in the 
next three years. In addition to ex- 
tending its seventy-five programs of 
direct service to people, it will next 
turn to concern in the theological 
field, he said. He asserted, "Unless 
we face the theological questions 
raised on the nature and doctrines of 
the church and of its ordinances, we 
will not go very far in the direction 
of necessary church vmitv." 

From the standpoint of scientific 
and military developments, no time 
in the future will be more favorable 
for disarmament than now. — O. 
Frederick Nolde. 

Our appeals to the world to pre- 
serve values such as justice, freedom, 
and human rights will carry no con- 
tent to the millions of people, for 
whom these are simply empty words, 
unless we are able to give reality to 
the witness of our faith. — Colin W. 

Two officials of the National Council 
examine a Church World Service exhibit 
at the General Assembly. They are Dr. 
Eugene C. Blake, outgoing president (left), 
and Dr. Roy G. Ross, general secretary 

Religious News Service 

9/M CALF fr«f Jf cf * 

Dr. Martin Luther King, Montgomery, Ala., 
pastor (left), addressed the meeting of 
the National Council's Division of Life 
and Work. Shown with him is Dr. Edwin 
Dahlberg, new president of the council 

Religious News Service 

JANUARY 11, 1958 



The Family Counselor 

Paul Hersch 
Clyde Weaver 

H. K. Zeller. Jr. 
Leah Zuck 

Jesse Ziegler 
Kalherine Weaver 

The Family Counselor welcomes letters of inquiry. They may be addressed: Family 
Life Department, General Brotherhood Board, 22 S. State St., Elgin, 111. 

Dear Counselor, 

I suppose that my problem is one 
which I should solve myself but I 
think I must ask you about it. I am 
a young wife of a college student 
and we have a small child. With 
the help of my parents and with my 
own working I finished college. My 
husband is part way through college. 
College is very hard for him. Right 
now we are living on savings but 
they will soon be gone. He thinks 
his parents will lend us money when 
our savings are gone, but I am not 
sure. He and his parents probably 
think I should work to put him 
through. But it does not seem fair 
to our child for me to leave him 
eight hours a day with some stranger. 
Would it not be better for my hus- 
band to work part time or for his 
parents to do some sacrificing as 
mine did? What do you think about 
this problem? 

Young College Wife. 
Dear Friend, 

You feel deeply concerned about 
your situation. Your concern is part- 
ly about your child and partly about 
your conception of the division of 
responsibility between yourself and 
your husband, partly the division of 
responsibility between your family 
and his family. There are some un- 
fortunate aspects of your situation 
which cannot be changed. I will 
comment on those for the sake of 
anyone else who may read. There 
are other aspects of your situation 
which can be worked through, and 
which you and your husband can do 
something about. It is not too late 
on those. 

First, you will continue to have 
difiBculty in increasing degree unless 
you and your husband learn to talk 
your way through all kinds of diffi- 
culties—such as your financial situa- 
tion. If necessary, you must insist 
that the two of you take time to work 
your way realistically through your 
financial situation for the college 
years. Sit dovni together and not 
only put the financial facts out on 
the table but each of you put your 
feelings about the whole situation 
out on the table. Only so can you 
deal with both facts and feelings. 



Second, there is probably nothing 
wrong with borrowing some money 
to go to college. Salary scales for 
college graduates are excellent. Job 
opportunities for graduates are 
abundant. The borrowing for col- 
lege education is the investment that 
a man makes for a profession just like 
that a businessman or farmer makes 
in getting started in those fields of 
endeavor. A man should have 
enough life insurance at least to cov- 
er the amount of borrowing so that 
in case of accident a wife is not left 
with child and debts. The possibili- 
ties of good earnings during summer 
vacations can keep amount of bor- 
rowing within limits. 

Third, many students have worked 
during college, have reduced aca- 
demic load, and still have done very 
acceptable academic work. A man 
should probably not try to work part 
time, live with a family with its re- 
sponsibilities, and still carry a full 
class load. You are probably both 
young enough that it will do no 
harm to take a year longer for the 
husband to go through school. 

Fourth, I tend to agree that you 
should not be too ready to leave your 
child with strangers eight hours a 
day five or six days a week. You and 
your husband would have been wise 
to have thought through this prob- 
lem before being married and having 
a child. It is understandable that 
young people like to marry young 
and have children immediately. It 
simply is not realistic to believe that 
one can do this and also have the 
advantages that the single person or 
the married couple who wait a few 
years for their children will have. 

There are advantages to early 
marriage and early children. It is 
well to see clearly, however, that 
these advantages entail responsibili- 
ties for adequate financial support 
and proper amounts of time to invest 
in the rearing of the children. It may 
well be that since you have a child 
your most important task for now is 
making a home for your family and 
caring for your child. 

I happen to believe in college ed- 
ucation relatively unencumbered by 
outside work. I also sympathize with 
the desire for early marriage and 
early child rearing. For most young 

people the facts are that these are 
irreconcilable and a choice has to 
be made. But then this is the kind 
of choice that mature individuals are 
always having to make. When two 
things which are both good cannot 
be had simultaneously it does not do 
harm to an individual to deliberately 
choose one and postpone the other. 
Jesse H. Ziegler. 

O God, Let Me Be Aware 

Kirby Page 

God, let me be aw^are! 
Open my eyes and let me see. 
Unstop my ears that I may 
Hear. Do thou make 
Sensitive my appreciation 

Of fragrance in the air. 

Refine my sense of taste. 
And give me a heart that 
Feels w^ith deep compassion. 

Keep alert my spirit to 
Miracles everywhere, in 
Starry firmament and 
Celestial spaces, in earth 
And sea and sky. Deepen 
My sense of wonder in the 
Presence of the beautifvd 
And the harmonious, the 
True and the pure, the good 
And the noble. Flood my 
Soul with a feeling of awe 
As I behold miracles of 
Human thought, wondrous 
Deeds of mercy, glorious 
Acts of heroism, and the 
Grace of forgiveness. 

Fire my imagination that 

1 may glimpse latent 
Capacities for greatness in 
All thy sons and daughters. 
O thou Good Shepherd, who 
Ever seeketh until thou dost 
Find, attune me to hear 
Thy gentle knock upon the 
Inner door of my life, and 
Prompt me with gladness of 
Heart to open wide every 
Faculty to thy enlightening 
And to thy empowering. 

Teach me to be at home in 
The invisible world of the 
Spirit, and develop within 
Me the homing instinct. 
Awaken my soul to the 
Intimate presence of our 
Living Lord. Make warm and 
Tender my affection for him, 
And help me to be loyal. 

Grant unto me vision 


To behold the countless 
Miseries of thy people, and 
Implant within me strong 
Desire to shoulder my share 
Of the anguish of mankind. 

Bind me in fellowship with 
Men of all the continents, 
And kindle within me the 
Spirit of lovingkindness. 
O God, let me be aware! 

Reviews of Recent Books 

Books are reviewed here as a service to the church. A review does not necessarily 
constitute an unqualified recommendation. Purchase can be made through the 
Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, Illinois. Titles recommended for church libraries 
are marked with an asterisk (*). — Editor. 

The Recovery of the Anabaptist 
Vision. Edited by Guy F. Hersh- 
berger. Herald Press, 1957. 360 
pages. $4.50. 

This is one of the most thought- 
provoking volumes to come to our 
attention in a long time, one which 
every informed member of the 
Church of the Brethren should read, 
ponder, and use as the basis for 
some creative thinking about our 
ovsTi tradition. As the title suggests, 
the book undertakes to evaluate the 
history, contribution, and present- 
day vision of our sister denomina- 
tion, the Mennonites. There are 
contained in it twenty-five able ar- 
ticles by scholars both in and out 
of the Mennonite tradition. Fitting- 
ly dedicated to Harold S. Bender, 
the volume contains articles by such 
men as Roland Bainton of Yale, 
Dean Harold Bender of Goshen, 
Don Smucker of Bethany Seminary, 
J. Winfield Fretz of Bethel College, 
John Howard Yoder of Basel, Fritz 
Blanke of the University of Zurich, 
and a score of others equally worth 
reading.— C^aZmer E. Faw, Chicago, 

'Devotional Programs for Every 
Month. Ruth C. Bcerman. Abing- 
don, 1957. 128 pages. $1.50. 

From the numerous brief articles 
and stories that Ruth Ikerman has 
written, thirty-six were selected for 
this guide for women's groups. The 
devotional programs deal largely 
with everyday matters — gardens, 
friends, seasons, little courtesies, hu- 
man relations— but each one is suit- 
able for use in a service of worship 
and several are especially appropri- 
ate for specific occasions.— Kennei^ 
Z. Morse. 

•The Epistles of Paid to the Thes- 
salonians. Leon Morris. Eerdmans, 
1957. 152 pages. $2.00. 

This, another number in the Tyn- 
dale Testament Commentary series, 
is an eminently readable and usable 
little volume, a boon to church 
school teachers and ministers who 
wish a verse-by-verse treatment of 
the New Testament on a nontechni- 

cal, meaningful level. — Chalmer 
Faw, Chicago, III. 

"The American Teenager. H. H. 
Remmers and D. H. Radler. Bobbs- 
Merrill, 1957. 267 pages. $3.75. 

For more than 15 years a team of 
research scientists, under the direc- 
tion of Dr. Remmers, have been 
studying a group of 25,000 Ameri- 
can teenagers under control condi- 
tions. They have reported the find- 
ings in this excellent work. 

One is not so amazed by what the 
typical teenager is or is not doing as 
by what youth believe and what 
they think other people assume them 
to be. When nearly one half of our 
teenagers believe large masses of 
people are incapable of determining 
what is and is not good for them, 
one must pause and consider the 
cause for such belief. When about 
one third of the teenagers believe 
it is all right for police to use third 
degree tactics to secure confessions, 
one should be concerned. 

The authors indicate that the con- 
cepts held by youth today will mo- 
tivate them as adults tomorrow. 
Therefore, it would be well for all 
adults to study carefully this report 
on the American teenager and his 
ways of thinking and acting and to 
seek ways to guide and challenge 
teenagers to the highest ways of 
living and service.— James Renz. 

Alcoholics Anonymous Comes of 
Age. A Co-Founder. Harper, 1957. 
335 pages. $4.00. 

The author leads out into the 
inner recesses of the historical ar- 
chives and permits the reader to 
see and sense the moving events, 
the personalities, the strains and 
stresses, the joys and sorrows 
that have forged the wonderful 
movement known as Alcoholics 

One cannot read this volume 
without seeking ways to adapt the 
teachings from A.A. experience to 
situations existing in church, home, 
and community. We, who have 
done so little in this field, may wash 
we had done more to help create 

this wonderful story, but we must 
also accept the challenge to use 
the historical principles contained 
herein to improve our work with 
persons of all types now and ia 
the future. Recommended reading 
for all church workers. — James E. 

Pastoral Prayers for the Church 
Year. Samuel J. Schmiechen. Abing- 
don Press, Oct. 7, 1957. 144 pages. 

This is a book of prayers to Hve 
with. The prayers are evangelical 
in content and include a wide range 
of human interests and prayers. 
They are not to be used in the 
pulpit, but are meant to nurture 
the soul in praying. While this col- 
lection of prayers has nurturing 
quality, it lacks that vital, creative, 
stimulating, Hfting spirit which is 
evident in Newton's Altar Stairs. 
Nevertheless, it has a value all its 
own, in that it keeps prayer within 
the framework of basic Protestant 
theology and faith. As such, this 
book will enrich onr devotional Hfe, 
gear our thought and praying to 
the Christian year, and encourage 
us to lift people and their needs 
to God in a framework of New 
Testament thought and experi- 
ence.— GZen Weimer, Arlington, Va. 

The Great Awakening. Edvvdn 
Scott Gaustad. Harpers, 1957. 173 
pages. $3.00. 

This book records anew one of 
the most profound rehgious revivals 
to have taken place in America. 
This spiritual upheaval came in 
New England between 1740-1742 
and is comparable with the Meth- 
odist revival in England and the 
pietistic revival in Germany. The 
author examines this movement in 
the light of present-day theology 
and shows its effect upon America's 
religious heritage. The book is a 
scholarly presentation that shows 
the results of much research.— 
Stewart B. Kauffman. 

Church Ushering. Paul H. D. 
Lang. Concordia, 1946. 53 pages. 
30c. I 

This is an excellent booklet set- 
ting forth the purposes and tech- 
niques of ushering. The author 
does a good job of making church 
ushering significant. It is a hand- 
book that churches could well afford 
to give to their ushers, and it could 
be used as the basis for proper 
instructions of ushers. — Stewart B. 

JANUARY 11. 1958 




The statistics which follow give opportunity to study conditions and trends in the life of our churches. 

In the area of membership there were 9 less baptisms than in 1956. We gained 2,655 in membership as 
compared with a gain of 1,726 the year before. Our nonresident membership grew sizably again— 2,279— to reach 
21,206, or more than 10% of our total membership. This should give us real concern for developing new con- 

The total number of our congregations grew by ten as compared with three last year. Actually, however, 
we added fourteen new congregations, eleven of them entirely new and three of them being organized from other 
existing congregations. (This year again, we list in the Yearbook our mission or fellowship groups— five new 
ones added— some of which may be organized as churches within the year.) 

Financially there were gains all along the line, but it should be of concern to all of us that per capita 
gi\'ing for all puiposes increased only 15 cents and giving to the Brotherhood Fund increased only 12 cents per 
capita. The per capita giving of $56.37 represents some progress in our Christian stewardship response but still 
lea\es much room for growth in our effort to achieve the tithe as a minimum goal. 

The amount of property indebtedness increased $1,404,998.79. This latter reflects the endeavors of con- 
gregations to improve their church plants, as well as indebtedness which resulted from new buildings in our 
church extension efforts. 

Gains in congregational finances appear in five categories of expenditures. Total giving to Brethren col- 
leges increased less than 6%. District programs received 12 "J t, more funds. Local work, including capital building 
expenditines, increased by 3%. The Brotherhood Fund benefited by a 4% increase. 

1956 1957 


Free Ministry Churches 61 81 

Part-time Ministers 340 345 

Full-time Ministers 532 517 


Baptisms 6,461 6,452 

Membership 197,607 200,262 

Nonresident Members 18,927 21,206 


Congregations 1,056 1,066 

Average attendance morning worship (888 cong.) 96,796 (882 cong.) 97,177 

Average attendance evening worship (506 cong.) 27,234 (490 cong.) 24,846 

Sunday School 

Total enrollment (1,039 schools) 155,890 (1,008 schools) 154,324 

Average attendance (1,039 schools) 104,582 (1,008 schools) 99,968 

Finances of Congregations 

Total local church expense (pastors' salaries, expense 
allowances, Sunday school, building programs, and 

all other local expense) $8,371,673.81 $8,573,778.19 

Local benevolence 134,218.87 142,846.25 

District Work 429,738.69 481,525.09 

Brotherhood Fund 1,251,760.43 $1,305,347.04 

Brethren Colleges *125,959.21 '133,256.52 

Other Items 165,042.41 206,936.25 

Total Giving * ''$10,478,393.42 '"10,843,689.34 

Per Capita Giving to Brotherhood Fund 6.39 6.51 

Per Capital Giving for all Purposes 56.22 56.37 


Churches reported using budget system 594 615 

Churches reported GBB Fund included 527 571 

Churches reported use of weekly envelopes 500 500 

Churches making every-member canvass 236 312 

Churches with property indebtedness (298) $3,686,561.66 (322) $5,091,560.45 

• Not including $444,700 given by individual Brethren directly to the colleges and Bethany Hospital. 
•* Total giving of Brethren including direct remittances to colleges and Bethany Hospital, $11,288,389.34. 


Brotherhood Theme: Brethren Under the Lordship of Christ 

Wilbur Bantz, pastor of the Decatur, Illinois church, 
assed away December 24 as the result of a severe 
roke. He had been ill since shortly before Thanks- 


Martin Stine, of Adel, Iowa, president of men's 
■ork in the Western Region, was injured in an auto 
:cident early in December. He would appreciate the 
rayers of his friends throughout the Brotherhood. 

Ira Hendrickson, a teacher at Mount Morris College 
om 1904 to 1915, died on Dec. 22 at Elgin, lUinois, 
allowing a long illness. For a number of years follow- 
ig his teaching at the college, he was superintendent 
: schools in Mount Morris and served as a member of 
le college board of trustees. 

A frequent contributor to the Gospel Messenger as 
ell as many other papers was Kirbv Page who died on 
lecember 16 at Anaheim, Calif. Until his death he 
mtinued to be an active leader in the peace move- 
lent. He was widely known throughout the world as a 
cturer and writer. He was also a minister and at one 
me served as an editor. 

Juniata College 
A service has been formed at Juniata College for 
ocational, personal, and premarital guidance. This 
;rvice which is being provided bv a four-member 
iculty staff, will supplement the present consulting 
'ork done with students. 

Students of Juniata's Christian Association invited 
nderprivileged children from the Huntingdon area to 
le annual Christmas party, on Dec. 13, at the college, 
rifts bought by the club and individual students, were 
istributed by Santa Claus. 

Juniata College has received an unrestricted grant 
f $2,000 from the Esso Education Foundation, which 
as announced 345 financial grants totaling $1,332,760 
) educational institutions. 

The Methodist enrollment at Juniata College tops 
11 other denominations with 137 this vear at Juniata. 
lUnners-up are Church of the Brethren with 118 and 
resbyterian with 116. 

Twenty-two members of this year's freshman class 
f 225 were either class presidents, student council 
eads, or editors. 

The annual Christmas pageant took place on Dec. 
5, in Oiler Hall at Juniata. Prof. William B. Merrel, 
be director, chose for this year's presentation the play 
ailed The York Nativity. It came to us from York, 
Ingland, where it was performed annually during the 
Middle Ages. The college chapel choir provided the 
lusical background for the drama. 

The recreation laboratory directed by the Eastern 
legion recreation commitee was held on the Juniata 
ampus for six days over Christmas vacation (Dec. 
;6-31). Robert Mock was the chairman of the commitee, 
iladys Weaver (of the Juniata faculty), secretary, Anna 
[epner was treasurer, and Don Knaub and Elaine Sol- 
snberger were also members. The group of seventy-five 
tudied various games, movies, music, and partv varia- 
ions to use in their own church work. 

The deadline for mailing in pre-registration for the 
Brethren Youth Seminar is Jan. 19. Interested young 
people can secure forms from their youth cabinet or 

Change of Address 

H. LaMar Gibhle, pastor of the Cood Shepherd 
church, formerly Wheaton Fellowship, Eastern Mary- 
land, has moved into the new parsonage recently pur- 
chased by the congregation. His address should be 
changed to 11126 Newport Mill Road, Kensington, Md. 

George Mason and family have returned to their 
field of service abroad. They may be addressed at 
Anklesvar, Broach District, B. S., India. 

Wendell Flortj and family have moved from Umalla, 
Broach Dist., B. S., India, to Bridgewater, Virginia. 

Laura Sewell has moved from Anklesvar to Umalla, 
Broach District, B. S., India. 

The Church Calendar 
January 12 

Lesson outline based on International Sunday School 
Lessons; the International Bible Lessons for Christian 
Teaching, copyrighted 1951 by the Division of Chris- 
tian Education, National Council of Churches of Christ 
in the U.S.A. 

Sunday-school Lesson: Tiie Source of the Church's 
Power. John 16:1-15; Acts 1:1-14; 2:1-41. Memory 
Selection: You shall receive power when the Holy 
Spirit has come upon you; and you shall be my witnesses 
in Jerusalem and in all Judea and Samaria and to the 
end of the earth. Acts 1:8 (R.S.V.) 

Jan. 26-Feb. 2 Youth Week 

Jan. 27-28 Pennsylvania Council of Churches General 

Assembly, Pittsburgh 
Jan. 27-31 Ohio Pastor's Convention 
Feb. 3-7 Brethren vouth seminar, Washington, D. C, 

and New York City 
Feb. 7 Race Relations Sunday 
Feb. 11-13 Spiritual Life Institute, Bridgewater College, 

Bridgewater, Va. 
Feb. 16-23 Brotherhood Week 
Feb. 18-21 Pacific Coast regional conference, Fresno, 

Feb. 19 Ash Wednesday 

Gains for the Kingdom 

One baptized in the Bethany church, Del. Seventeen 
baptized and four received by letter in the Cloverdale 
church, Va. Five baptized and three received by letter in 
the Newport News church, Va. 

Fourteen baptized in the Big Swatara congregation. Pa. 
Five baptized and one received by letter in the Mechanics- 
burg church. Pa. Eleven baptized, two received by letter, 
and two on confession of faith in the Claysburg church. Pa. 

Two baptized in the Roann church, Ind. 

With Our Evangelists 

Will you pray for the success of these meetings? 
Will you share the burden which these laborers carry? 
Bro. Harper S. Will in the Martinsburg, W. Va. church, 
Jan. 19 to 26. 

JANUARY 11. 1958 


News and Comment From Around the World 


Winfred E. Garrison 

UNDOUBTEDLY the most con- 
spicuous and highl)'-publicized re- 
ligious event of the year was the 
Billy Graham evangelistic campaign 
in New York. During a great part 
of the summer the huge auditorium 
of Madison Square Garden was 
practically filled at every service. 
Since the Gospels carefully record 
the nimiber of those who ate of the 
loaves and fishes, it may be deemed 
that there is a justifying precedent 
for the managers of the New York 
campaign in reporting that the total 
attendance at the meetings was 
1,941,200, and that the number of 
"decisions for Christ" was 56,526. 

A rally at Yankee Stadium brought 
a larger crowd than a World Series 
game because it filled the playing 
field as well as the bleachers. Esti- 
mates ranged from 75,000 to 200,000 
for the jam that stopped traflSc in 
Times Square while Mr. Graham 
spoke there. 

Stimulated perhaps by the events 
in New York, the National Council 
of Churches has enlisted the services 
of some of the best Christian thinkers 
to study, and to guide the churches 
in studying, the "essential nature and 
task" of evangelism, with a view to 
developing an acceptable and de- 
fensible theological foundation for it 
before turning to the secondary 
question of "methods." During 1957 
the United Church of Canada quiet- 
ly conducted a National Evangelistic 
Mission which, late in the year, de- 
veloped into a serious study of the 
Christian approach to the questions 
of family, community and economic 
life, and international affairs. 

Paralleling the spectacular evan- 
gelistic efforts and many smaller ones 
that received only local publicity, the 
work of Christian education made 
steady progress. A meeting of 1,600 
religious educators was held at 
Cincinnati under the auspices of the 
National Council's Division of Chris- 
tian Education. There are now 6,000 
employed directors of religious edu- 
cation in local churches— a profession 
scarcely known 20 or 25 years ago. 
It has been estimated that 1,000 
churches are now looking for quali- 
fied persons to fill such positions. 

As it was said a year ago, so it 



can be said now with more emphasis 
and with fresh illustrations, the 
churches are leading their communi- 
ties in the development of liberal 
attitudes and policies in regard to 
race relations. Of Southern minis- 
ters, some have been heroic in facing 
adverse local sentiment and even 
violence, many have been courage- 
ous but moderately cautious, very 
few have been vehement supporters 
of the continuance of racial segrega- 
tion on the old lines. 

The expressions of church con- 
ferences and conventions, in which 
laymen also are represented, have 
similarly leaned strongly to the lib- 
eral side. It cannot be doubted that 
the phrase, "All men are created 
equal," has in general more meaning 
for Christians than for citizens who 
do not see in it any religious sig- 

The General Assembly of the 
Presbyterian Church in the U.S. 
(Southern) approved the Supreme 
Court decision outlawing segre- 
gation in schools and voted its 
disapproval of all forms of racial 
segregation. The Richmond (Va.) 
ministerial association condemned 
the rigid stand of their state's author- 
ities against integrated schools. A 
large undenominational conference 
of southern religious leaders meeting 
at Nashville urged all Christians to 
let their Christian principles find ap- 
plication in specific attitudes and 
policies in relation to this vexing 

A large number of Atlanta (Ga.) 
ministers issued a joint statement of 
the same general import. A sociolog- 
ical study of the sentiments of min- 
isters in two border cities— Baltimore 
and Washington, D.C.— fovmd "far 
more liberal racial attitudes" than 
had been expected. The Texas 
Council of Churches fought the ten 
segregation bills that were before 
the legislature and were influential 
in defeating eight of them. Okla- 
homa City's council of churches 
elected a Negro as its president. 
When Koinonia farm and church— 
an interracial community Christian 
enterprise in Georgia— was attacked 
with fire, dynamite, and rifle shots, 
neighboring councils of white 
churches and the Georgia Council 
of Churches protested. 

Some items of news from the 
North also deserve mention. The 
Presbyterian U.S.A. General Assem- 



"Our Faith Tremendous" will 
be the theme of the second Na- 
tional Youth Conference to be 
held by the Church of the Breth- 
ren at Lake Junaluska, N. C, 
Aug. 25-29, 1958. The program 
will emphasize the heritage and 
doctrine of the Church of the 
Brethren and its relevance for 
today's youth. 

It is anticipated that the con- 
ference will involve the participa- 
tion of 2.500 Brethren Youth and 
their leaders. 

bly declared for "a nonsegregated 
church in a nonsegregated society." 
An all-white church in the Rochester 
(N.Y.) presbytery chose a Negro 
minister. Members of a Negro 
Episcopal church in Syracuse which 
had to be closed accepted an invita- 
tion to join a neighboring white 
church. In Chicago the First Pres- 
byterian church and the Normal 
Park Baptist both have white and 
Negro co-pastors, beginning in the 
autumn of this year. In Minneapolis 
the great Hennepin Avenue Metho- 
dist church absorbed the member- 
ship of a Negro congregation whose 
building was swept away by a new 
highway development. 

Two notable unions of denomina- 
tions were consummated in 1957. 
The union of the Presbyterian 
Church, U.S.A., and the United 
Presbyterian Church was approved. 
On June 25, at Cleveland, Ohio, a 
uniting synod effected and impres- 

^ely dramatized the merging of the 
)ngregational Christian Churches 
d the EvangeHcal and Reformed 
lurch to form the United Church 

This new body of more than 
300,000 members (and this by a 
:her accurate count) regards itself 
the nucleus for a still larger 
ited church and holds the door 
en for other denominations which 
ly wish to enter. The Disciples of 
irist at their October convention— 
reafter to be called the Interna- 
nal Convention of Christian 
lurches (Disciples of Christ)— 
iced a receptive attitude toward 
y overtures that might come from 
s new united church. 
The American Lutheran Church, 
; Evangelical Lutheran Church, 
d the United Evangelical Luther- 
Church will merge in 1960. Four 
tional student organizations of as 
my denominations have a pending 
!rger designed to reduce the sec- 
ianism of religion on the college 

The plan for a United Church of 
•rth India has been completed and 
w awaits action by the seven 
Jtestant bodies which have been 
rties to the project. These include 
glican, Baptist, Methodist, Dis- 
•les of Christ, and Brethren. Like 
; basis for the Church of South 
iia, it recognizes the validity of 
; present ministries of the partici- 
ting churches and also accepts the 
istoric episcopate" as the basis for 
ure ordinations. The reports of 
icial conversations which have 
sn going on for three years be- 
een the Church of England and 
; Church of Scotland are now be- 
; submitted to intensive study by 
; parties concerned and will 
ubtless be considered by the 
mbeth Conference of 1958. In- 
communion rather than union is 
; immediate objective. 
Most notable among the general 
iferences of the year were the 
ietings of the World Council's 
ntral Committee and some of its 
umissions at New Haven, Conn., 
July, and the North American 
ith and Order Conference at Ober- 
, Ohio, in September. The theme 
the latter. The Nature of the 
lity We Seek, was intensively 
[died by many regional groups 
ring the summer. 
The year's largest international 
thering of Catholics took place in 
■me in October at the Second 
orld Congress of the Lay Aposto- 
e. More than 2,000 delegates 

from about 90 countries attended 
the meeting, five years in prepara- 
tion and the most important and 
representative gathering of its kind in 
modern times. 

Churches in countries behind the 
Iron Curtain were still struggling to 
carry on their work in the face of 
Communist restrictions and anti- 
religious propaganda. In Hungary, 
after a brief period of freedom 
following the anti-Soviet abortive 
revolt, the Communist regime grad- 
ually, and with increasing determi- 
nation, refastened its grip on the 

In China new and more drastic 
measures against the Catholic 
Church were forecast with the for- 
mation of a government-sponsored 
Patriotic Association of Chinese 

A notable event in world Judaism 
was the decision to form a World 
Council of Conservative Synagogues. 
This action was taken in November 
by the biennial convention of the 
United Synagogue of America at 
Kianesha Lake, N. Y— Copyright by 
Religious News Service. 

Disciples Conduct Pilot Project 
in Ministerial Recruitment 

A private project in recruiting min- 
isters among high school students has 
been initiated by agencies of the 
Christian church. It is being direct- 
ed by the United Christian Mission- 
ary Society, and the Disciples Board 
of Higher Education. Some 155 high 
school students in California who 
expressed interest in church careers 
were invited by their ministers to 
attend a guidance conference. At 
this conference they were tested to 
determine their psychological fitness 
for the ministry, and their abilities 
successfully to complete the required 
education. A similar program is 
planned later for Ohio. 

Students who make high scores in 
the test will be helped in planning 
their scholastic careers and will 
be followed closely through their 
schooling. A definite commitment to 
the ministry or other church career 
will not be sought before the stu- 
dent's junior year in college. 

Adopt Record Budget for 
American Bible Society 

A record budget of $4,669,000 for 
the work of the American Bible So- 
ciety in 1958 was adopted by the 
group's advisory council at its an- 
nual meeting in New York. For 
the first time in the society's his- 
tory, the advisory council voted to 
make a special appeal to all Prot- 

estant denominations of this country- 
urging their support in the drive for 
additional funds. Some new needs- 
had been recognized, as increased 
distribution of Scriptures to service 
men, the production and distribution 
of more Bibles for the blind, and a 
greater circulation in areas where the 
demand is increased because of the- 
growth of foreign mission work, or 
the elimination of illiteracy. 

Archeological Discoveries 
Support Bible Account 

Israeli archeologists have discov- 
ered further evidence of the Bible's, 
accuracy as a historical document 
through their diggings at the site of' 
ancient Hazor. They found the mass 
of an elaborate city gate that the 
Bible says King Solomon built there- 
(see 1 Kings 9:15). They have also- 
uncovered evidence that Hazor was. 
fully destroyed by Joshua in the 
second half of the 13th century B.C.,. 
and that it did not exist again until 
it was rebuilt by Solomon in the lOtK 
century B.C. 

Hazor is situated on a strategic 
hill in the Hula Valley nine miles 
north of the sea of Galilee. The ex- 
cavating there had been done by- 
Hebrew University archeologists un- 
der the direction of Major General 
Yigael Yadin, the former Israeli chief 
of staff, who negotiated for the pur- 
chase of the Dead Sea Scrolls now 
owned by Israel. 

Groundbreaking Held for 
New York Interchurch Center 

Groundbreaking ceremonies were 
held in New York City for the Inter- 
church Center, a nineteen-story 
building which will house the central 
offices of the National Council of 
Churches and the headquarters for 
several Protestant denominations. 
The building, which will cost 
$19,700,000, is being erected in 
Momingside Heights next door to 
Riverside church. The land was 
made available by John D. Rocke- 
feller, Jr. 

The National Council will occupy 
four of the eighteen office floors. For 
the first time all the activities of the 
council will be housed under one 
roof. Boards and agencies represent- 
ing several Protestant denominations 
will also be housed in the building. 

Other interdenominational organi- 
zations, like the World Council of 
Churches, the International Mission- 
ary Council, and general agencies 
will also use facilities in the building. 

JANUARY 11, 1958 





Will Your Church Be Represented? 

Brethren Youth Seminar-Feb. 3-7, 1958 
Brethren Adult Seminar-Mar. 3-7, 1958 

At Washington, D.C. and United Nations 

—Debate the Issues 

—See Congress in Session 

—Meet Your Congressmen 

—Observe the Supreme Court 

—Attend a Committee Hearing 

—See UN in Action 

All of these opportunities— and much more— are 
available to those who attend the seminars. 

The Adult Seminar is designed for pastors, business- 
men, wage earners, farmers, professional people, school- 
teachers, homemakers, BSC representatives, social 
education and action leaders, women's work and men's 
work leaders, temperance directors, missionaries, and 

The Youth Seminar is designed for all youth who 
are juniors in high school or beyond. 

Government is the Christian's business. Govern- 
ment helps shape your life — you can help shape 

More and more Christians are discovering the 
strategic role played by government in today's complex 
world. Government decisions gready influence our 
lives, our homes, our businesses, our farms, our fac- 
tories, our mission programs at home and abroad, our 
relations with other nations. Government decisions 
make for war or peace. Are we Christians and the 
church showing sufficient concern for the decisions 
of government? Are we trying to influence government 
toward more Christian policies? Are we carrying our 
share of Christian responsibility for better government? 

The puipose of the Washington-United Nations 
seminars is to improve our Christian citizenship. By 
studying first hand the processes of government and 
current issues in Washington and at the United Nations 
we can participate more intelligently and effectively 
as Christians in our home communities and in our 

Below is listed essential information about the 
seminars. For further information, write to the Breth- 
ren Service Commission, General Brotherhood Board, 
22 S. State St., Elgin, 111. 

Brethren Adult Seminar 

March 3-7, 1958 
Advance registration should be postmarked not 
later than Feb. 16. A late registration fee of $1.00 
will be added after this time. Send advance registration 



4 kv v ^ -J^ 

to the Brethren Service Commission, General Brother- 
hood Board, 22 S. State St., Elgin, 111. 

Registration at the seminar begins Monday, March 
3, at 7:30 a.m., Washington City Church of the 

Program begins Monday, March 3, at 9:00 a.m. 
On Thursday morning, March 6, the seminar group 
moves to New York for the United Nations phase. 
Seminar concludes Friday, March 7, at 6:00 p.m. 

Special sectional meetings will be provided for 
pastors, businessmen, workers, farmers, housewives, 
schoolteachers and others insofar as possible. 

Costs: Registration fee including three evening 
meals at $1.50 each plus travel insurance, $10.00. 
Transportation in Washington and New York, $2.50. 
Lodging in Washington— 4 in room, $2.00 per; 3 in 
room, $2.50 per; 2 in room, $3.00 per; 1 in room, 
$4.50 per. Lodging in New York— 4 in room, $3.50 
per; 3 in room, $4.00 per; 2 in room, $4.50 per; 1 in 
room, $5.50 per. Food approximately $3.00 per day. 

Brethren Youth Seminar 

Feb. 3-7, 1958 
Open to youth who aie juniors in high school and 
up. Adult counselors are encouraged to accompany 
their youth groups. 

Advance registration should be postmarked not 
later than Jan. 19. A late registration fee of $1.00 
will be added after this time. Send advance registra- 
tions to the Youth Department, 22 S. State St., Elgin, 

Registration at the seminar begins Sunday, Feb. 
2, at 4:00 p.m., and Monday, Feb. 3, at 8:00 a.m., 
Washington City Church of the Brethren. 

.15 ( 



Program begins Monday, Feb. 3, at 9:00 a.m. 
1 Thursday morning, Feb. 6, the seminar group 
3ves to New York for the United Nations phase, 
minar concludes Friday, Feb. 7, at 6:00 p.m. 

Costs: Registration fee including three evening 
;als at $1.50 each plus travel insurance, $8.50. 
ansportation in Washington, $2.00 per day; in New 
irk, $3.25 per day. Food approximately $3.00 per 


^hat They Say About Youth Seminar 

What is a better way to learn about one's govern- 
^nt than to see it in action? The Brethren Youth 
minar provides this opportunity to all youth and 

—Janet Niessner 
Chicago, 111. 

The opportimity of attending the Youth Seminar 
s shown me more clearly the need for Christianity 

pohtics. The survival of our nation depends not 
ion our armies and navies, but upon the religious 
Tiosphere of the people within the country. If our 
)rld is to rid itself of the venomous vices now existing, 
g Christian must perform his duty and accept his 
allenge in government. 

—Douglas Enck 
Ephrata, Pa. 

The importance of Youth Seminar became more 
i\ to me each day of the Seminar. As a result of 
lending the Seminar, a keener interest is developed 
national and world affairs. I would encourage every 
uth to attend this Youth Seminar. It is well worth 
e time and effort. 

—Gary Williams 
presently in I-W service 
in Europe 

I am more aware now that we as Christians have 
definite place in politics. If only we could surge 
[•ward in one movement to bring more Christian 
^islation, what a country we would have! Each 
iristian is responsible for his part in making the 
cisions of the country. 

—Irene Freeman 
Wenatchee, Wash. 

Religion, one's way of life, needs to concern itself 
th all influences on all people. Political decisions 
Buence more people than any other decisions. There- 
fe, everyone needs to become a world statesman, 
at is, a person completely devoted to the rights of 

ethren Service Commission 

', S. State Street 

gin, Illinois 

ease send me further information on the 1958 



all people. "To secure these rights governments are 
instituted among men." 

Democracy, a form of government, rests upon the 
base of an informed public. The Brethren Youth 
Seminar, one of the best sources of information for 
young people, is an opportunity to study our national 
government at its source and to visit the United Nations 
to obtain a close-up view of international relations 
and the present world organization. 

—Peter Hartman 
Elgin, 111. 

During the past spring I was privileged to sponsor 
a group of forty college and high school young people 
to the Youth Seminar. I should like to add that they 
were a wonderful and dignified group. I look at the 
Seminar as an educational and political "pilgrimage." 
The experience at the Seminar is something that every 
young person deserves and a privilege no one should 
deny himself if it is at all possible. At the Seminar 
the participants are promoted to the position of 
dignitaries and are given the best tickets to the greatest 

—Ivan L. Richert 
McPherson, Kansas 

To the Russian Embassy 

One big event at Washington was the conversation 
that two of us had with a Russian. Technically we 
were in Russia— inside the walls of the USSR embassy. 
After waiting in the mirror-walled, red-carpeted, dimly 
lighted hallway while a man and woman jabbered 
in Russian back around a corner and foreigners walked 
in and out, we finally were told to come. 

We killed some more time in the room they showed 
us into by looking at photographs of Russia. Then 
the door opened and we got what we wanted— a Rus- 
sian to talk to. He fitted the stereotype that I had of 
a Russian— blond hair, medium build, shiny hazel eyes, 
tight-lipped mouth, and tenor voice, with of course 
an accent. When he wanted to know what we wanted, 
we began with a question about the Russian people. 

During the two-hour conversation he told us that 
he would rather go back to Moscow to live than work 
as a diplomat in Washington. Of course, his friends 
and family were there, and that is where he had always 
lived. But more than that he said that the United 
States did not appeal to him. 

We learned how he felt the Russians looked on 
the Hungarian uprising, a big current issue at that 
time. He said Russia believes that the United States 
wants to dominate the world because we have air 
bases and naval bases all around Russia. He was 
very congenial and open to what we said. Aftenvards 
we took his picture, then stepped back into the United 

—Larry West 
Goshen, Ind 

Should I Go? 

Last year as I sat in California and planned for 
my year as an exchange student in Gennany, my 
father suggested that attending Seminar would be an 
excellent way for me to gain a better understanding 
of how our government and the United Nations actually 
Continued on page 27 


JANUARY 11, 1958 


Toward His Kingdom- 

DURING the past decade the 
chuiches in this country have 
had a program of church 
building which has been unparal- 
leled in any other similar period. Yet 
in spite of this unprecedented build- 
ing program, there are thousands of 
churches which are continuing with- 
in the framework of buildings that 
were constructed many years ago. 
Some of these have undergone ex- 
tensive programs of renovation or 
additions to tlie present structure 
which have greatly enlarged their 

Our main concern, however, is 
with those churches that have not 
had an opportunity in the last several 
>ears to expand their buildings to 
meet the demands of increased pop- 
ulation and the growing program 
within the chvu-ch school. There are 
some problems which it would seem 
that only a new building or an addi- 
tional building can solve. 

However, as difficult as a situation 
may seem, the proper use of avail- 
able space can considerably improve 
the program. Churches which have 
thought that their problems could 
be solved by a new building have 
sometimes been disillusioned when 
they discover that new space is only 
one part of solving a church school 
problem of housing. Let us examine 
the possibilities of meeting the prob- 
lem of space when a new building 
is not immediately possible. 

The large increase in population 
and rapidly growing communities 
have literally caused the walls of 
many church school buildings to 
bulge. One of the ways that groups 
have sought to meet this problem 
has been through double sessions of 
the church school on Sunday morn- 
ing. There are many variations of 
this plan and it is not necessary to 
give specific schedules here. 

In some ways this is the easiest 
solution of an overcrowded situation 
since it does not necessarily require a 
redesigning of the building and al- 
most automatically doubles the facili- 
ties. It does, of course, carry with it 
the necessity of a double staff of 
church school teachers and in some 
arrangements might even make it 
necessary for the teachers in the 
church school to be absent from the 
regular morning worship during 
most of the Sundays. 

However, in many instances it is 

Solving the 

Space Problem 
in the Church School 

not possible or desirable to hold 
double sessions and the church 
school must seek ways to enlarge 
the usable space of their building 
without major construction or reno- 
vation. It is these aspects of the 
problem with which we will attempt 
to deal. 

An adequate solution is really 
based on certain principles which 
we believe to be important. One of 
these is that no group in the church 
has ownership on any special room 
or space. The church school plant 
belongs to the total church school 
and all its facilities should be avail- 
able for the maximum use by those 
groups which need them. There 
should be some group within the 
church that is officially recognized 
as having responsibility for the as- 
signment of space and for such re- 
arranging as is necessary to be done 
for the maximum effectiveness in 
space utilization. 

A second major principle is that 
once space is assigned, each group 
should have relative freedom to 
make those changes in the facilities 
which are necessary. Of covirse, the 
type of changes that can be made 
will depend upon the basic structure 
of the rooms. Where blackboards 
are made on the walls or where 
cabinets or closets are built into the 
room these cannot be changed. In 
other instances, these can be rear- 
ranged for a more adequate use of 
available space. The needs for vari- 
ous ages will vary. 

In buildings where it may be 
necessary to move age groups from 
room to room it is advisable for 
equipment to be portable. 

A third principle is that needs 
must be viewed objectively. A 
church school that finds itself facing 
a major problem of space adjustment 
might well follow the practice that 
has been used by a number of 
churches during the National Chris- 



This article is one of the series planned 
by the Committee on Children's Work of 
the Division of Christian Education of 
the National Council of Churches. It Is 
being used by several co-operating de- 

tian Teaching Mission in bringing in 
a guest leader or consultant who can 
get an objective view of the total 
needs of each group. 

This guest leader would meet 
with each of the organizations and 
classes and study its needs and its 
potential. He would then make a 
careful survey of the available space 
and make a report to the total group 
suggesting changes that might be 
made. Of course, the local commit- 
tee would adapt these recommenda- 
tions insofar as they seem to meet 
their needs. 

A fourth point to follow is that 
grouping and grading are related 
to the size of the church school, 
the number in each age, and the 
space available. On the basis of 
these three factors, classes are de- 
termined and space is assigned. 

Virgil E. Foster in a new book. 
How a Small Church Can Have- 
Good Christian Education, discusses; 
the solution to some of these prob- 
lems. A filmstrip. Making the Most: 
of Rooms and Equipment, giveso 
further suggestions for actual ar- 
rangement of one-room and smaU 
church buildings. 

In the assignment of space it- 
should be remembered that the 
younger the group, the more space 
is needed per person. Not only is 
more space needed for activity butj 
more equipment is needed for the 
younger group. The important thing: 
is that classroom space be fvmctional. 

The trend to assign each class a 
separate room or "cubby hole" which 
was prevalent some years ago is no 
longer believed necessary, or even 
wise in some instances. Several I 
classes can carry on their work in 
one room if the leaders are alert and 
the activity is carefully planned. 
Even screens and draw-curtains are 
often more annoying than useful 
where they impair adequate ventila- 
tion or lighting, or where allowed 
to become soiled or broken. 


Room dividers can be made from 
chalk boards or pin-up boards or 
easels arranged between the groups. 
In an open room it is good to ar- 
range the classes so that they face 


as d 

to ai 

-The Church af Work 

ard walls and away from other 
ups in the room, provided this 
ossible without the pupils looking 
jctly into windows. 
?he piano which at one time was 
sidered such an important piece 
classroom furniture is now looked 
in as expendable. A small record 
yev (three-speed) will serve a bet- 
purpose. Volume can be kept 
' and records can be used either 
accompany singing or assist in 
ching songs which then can be 
g without accompaniment. Rec- 
. players also provide for use of 
er types of records such as stories 
1 scripts for filmstrips. 
iven in limited space provision 
I be made for audio-visual presen- 
ions. Portable screens are ade- 
ite for projection in small areas, 
e method is to attach a screen 
face to the bottom of a small 
le which is attached by hinges 
the wall. The table can be low- 
d against the wall to provide 
)r space, raised to table height 
i rested on folding legs for use 
a table, or lifted and hooked 
linst the wall to serve as a pro- 
tion screen. The height of the 
lie will depend upon age of class, 
i chairs of comparable size will 

Folding chairs with children's 
)ups are not desirable even where 
ice is at a premium. The danger 
mashed fingers and noise and 
ther of folding the chairs more 
in overweighs any advantage in 
ice saved. Many types of light- 
ight chairs of various heights and 
es are available and since the 
)up is in need of chairs most of 
; time it is better to have a non- 
ding type. If it is necessary to 
3 the room for other activity dur- 
; the week or for other groups at 
les, the small chairs can be easily 
)ved and stored. 

Portable cupboards can be placed 
edges of assigned space to serve 
dividers. This will enable one 
Lss to use the cupboard, and by 
iling celotex board to the other 
le of the cupboard it can serve as 
pin-up board for the other group, 
ipboards should be sufficiently 
irdy and firmly placed on the floor 
avoid danger of falling or of 
)ving when doors are opened or 

Where material or equipment is 
be shared by two classes, divider 
pboards can have doors on both 
les. Filmstrips or other lightweight 

equipment which will be used by 
both groups but not in constant need 
can be placed in such double-sided 

Many new buildings are taking ad- 
vantage of modem accordion-fold 
doors as space dividers. These can 
be installed in older buildings also 
with good effect. A word of caution 
needs to be made. Folding doors, 
even of modern design, should be 
installed only when they serve a 
definite purpose and not merely to 
satisfy adult leaders who want a 
little more feeling of privacy for the 
class. Children are not so much in 
need of "dividers" as we may think 
and a creative teacher will be able 
to maintain class activity without de- 
pending upon total privacy. Caution 
should also be noted if folding doors 
might become a hazard in an emer- 
gency or where there is only one 
entrance to the room. 

Much of the emphasis has been 
on children's rooms. Similar prin- 
ciples and suggestions apply for 
space used by junior highs, young 
people, and adults. Rooms for junior 
highs and young people should pro- 
vide space for morning class activity 
and Sunday evening fellowship 
hours. All furniture and furnishings 
should be easily movable. Folding 
chairs may be used in these areas so 
that rooms can be cleared for games 
and other group activity. Walls 
should provide space for chalk 
boards and pull-down projection 

A combination projection area, 
chalk board and worship center can 
be provided by an arrangement 
whereby a worship center recessed 
in the wall can be covered by a 
pull-down screen which can serve 
as a worship focal point when used 
with suitable projected pictures or 
for fiJm and filmstrip presentations. 
A sliding wall panel could provide 
an alternate chalk board surface. 

It is better if the nave and chancel 
do not have to be used for church 

school classes but where this is 
necessary, it can be done without 
destroying the efficiency of class ac- 
tivity or the solemnity of the worship 
hour if certain safeguards are pro- 

The choir loft, corners of the nave, 
and balcony can be used. Tables, 
chalk boards, celotex pin-up boards 
and easels for pictures should be 
provided. They should be construct- 
ed so that they can be easily placed 
for use by the class and quickly 
moved from view before the worship 
hour begins. They can be stored 
under pew benches or in cupboards 
arranged at the side or back of the 

Where these facilities are used by 
children, proper size chairs must be 
provided and these can be placed 
under pews or removed after the 
class session. Some chvirches have 
discovered that there is more free- 
dom to use the sanctuary for classes 
if these follow the worship hour. 

Virgil E. Foster, in the book al- 
ready mentioned, calls attention to 
the importance of the church yard 
in supplementing indoor space. The 
portion of the year when the out-of- 
doors can be used for class activity 
will depend upon the section of the 
country in which the church is lo- 
cated and on whether the chvirch is 
in city, small town, or rural section. 

In his chapter, A Church With a 
Yard, Dr. Foster calls attention to 
types of materials and activities 
which are especially suited for pro- 
grams in the outdoors. 

While much of our time is con- 
cerned with finding space for the 
present program, a good use of space 
involves a larger use of space now 
available. Weekday activities and 
vacation church schools are ways by 
which present facilities can be used 
more extensively. 

Note: The book. Building and 
Equipping for Christian Education, 
by Atkinson, is very helpful in this 
problem of meeting space needs. 

JANUARY 11, 1958 


Toward His Kingdom- 


Pavement Dwellers 

FOR the past several months the 
skies have opened and drenched 
the parched land with torrents 
of rain. The earth has been renewed 
and life has come from it 

Now monsoon is over and today 
as I passed through the city streets 
it seemed the very pavements were 
coming to life, just as the earth 
had done when the rains came. The 
old banyan tree near the park 
housed a family of six, an unused 
doorway of a large city building 
became home for five, the shadow 
of the fountain down town became 
shelter for others. 

Would you like to come with 
me and visit a family of pavement 
dwellers? It will take little of your 
time but will give you much to 
ponder. We will go to the old 
banyan tree for this is a favorite 
spot. The widespread branches af- 
ford protection from the blazing sun 
and the low branches can be used 
for hanging a few pieces of clothing 
when they are being dried or are 
not in use. 

As we approach the tree there 
is little to suggest home to us. 
Around the trunk are three or four 



Edythe McDowell 

used tin cans that hold family sup- 
phes and household needs. Folded 
and laid therein are several dirty 
nondescript cloths which serve nu- 
merous purposes in housekeeping. 
The stub of an old broom completes 
the physical equipment. 

Here as we sit the mother may 
be nursing her baby or singing as 
it falls asleep on one of the dirty 
cloths spread out on the pavement. 
Here on a curbstone she may be 
building a fire of a few twigs or 
lumps of charcoal to cook their daily 
bit of rice. The children may be 
romping in the sunshine or playing 
the Indian version of jacks with 
a few stones. Or the mother, if 
she knew we were coming, might 
be making the sidewalk tidy with 
her old piece of broom. Nearby 
is a city water tap from which water 
can be drawn for cooking, washing, 
and bathing. Here there is no 
privacy of any kind and at night 
the family spreads the soiled cloths 
and goes to sleep and rest. 

Our visit is over and we leave 
awestruck and wondering. How 
could a family possibly manage with 
so few things? Yet there are thou- 
sands in this land who know nothing 





more than this as home. 

Christ must have often walked|l 
among scenes such as this. He must; 
have known and felt keenly their 
great spiritual poverty as well as 
their physical poverty. His heart 
must have been full of love and 

Do our hearts fill with love and 
compassion as we ponder the pave- 
ment dwellers of the world? Christ 
must have yearned to give new and 
abundant life to all of these even 
as the rains brought new life to 
the thirsty landl Do we share his 


Women Learn, Too 

Clara Harper 

WAKA women's school began!' 
in 1952 with three women.; 
Mary Eikenberry taught the; 
first year until Charlotte McKayV 
came to relieve her. The next year: 
there were nine women in school 
while for the past two years therein 
have been thirty-nine. 

We rejoice that these womem 
have the opportunitv to attend this' 
school, for many of them would] 
never have the privilege of leamingd 
the things that Waka offers them! 
if their husbands were not at Wakai 
training to become teachers. 

The women are in school fouri 
hours a day, five days a week, dur- 
ing their three-year stay at Waka.. 
A nursemaid cares for their childrem 
while they are in class. In thef 
two morning hours they are taughtl 
reading (many could not read be- 
fore they came), writing, simple 
arithmetic, hygiene, child care, and 

In the afternoon they have crafts,, 
pottery making, gourd marking,: 
spinning, weaving, knitting, sewingi 
(including not only clothes for them- 
selves and their children, but house- 
hold articles as door curtains and 
tablecloths), embroidery and ap- 
plique work as well as crocheting. 
They also get practice teaching in! 
cooking, cutting patterns, cuttingi 
gannents, and simple gardening; 
This gives them confidence and en-: 
courages them to help other women 
when they leave Waka. 

At the end of the second year. 
they sit for the housecraft certificatei 
which is a practical domestic sciencei 
examination, and at the end of thei 
third year they sit for the certificatei sl,p ^^ 






-The Church at Work 

f merit. Both of these examinations 
re given by the government in- 
pector of women's work. 

This year eight women will leave 
^aka with their husbands. Next 
ear twenty-five will be leaving. 
Ve rejoice in the work which some 
f our women who have gone out 
re doing. Some are really helping 
ther women in a splendid way. 
'hree or four of the women have 
elped with the teaching here at 

Our big aim for Waka women's 
;hool is that the women will not 

only be better wives and mothers, 
teaching their children the way of 
Christ, but that they will become 
Christian leaders among the women 
in the communities where their hus- 
bands will be teaching. 

The work is interesting and car- 
ries with it a great responsibility 
to help these women during the 
three years so that they will go 
out with an outlook and a plan 
for life different from those with 
which they came. We endeavor to 
instill within them a purpose to 
help others who are still in 


Mark and 
\nita Keeney 

^ /TARK KEENEY was born in 
V/j Bethel, Pennsylvania, May 
^^-*- 10, 1926. His parents are 
Villiam and Anna Keeney, members 
f the Little Swatara congregation, 
ifter finishing grammar and high 
chool, Mark accompanied a ship- 
jad of cattle to Poland in January 
947. Rev. Frank D. Swanson, 
Methodist minister from Kentucky, 
/as also a seagoing cowboy on the 
ame trip. 

On this trip, Mark felt a call to 
;ive his life in complete Christian 
ervice: either in the ministry or 

The ship was icebound for several 
/eeks in a Swedish port, and during 
he interval Reverend Swanson and 
/lark went ashore. Reverend Swan- 
on introduced Mark to Anita Soder- 
trom at the Karlskrona Methodist 
hurch. Mark and Anita became 
lose friends. After a thaw, Mark 
eturned to Bethel, and thev con- 
inued their correspondence. Their 
3ng-range courtship prospered, and 
•resently Mark proposed. 

Anita had been converted at the 
ge of fifteen, and joined the Meth- 
idist Church. The following vear 
he felt a call to give her life in 

mission service, and in response to 
Mark's proposal, she felt constrained 
to make her plans in line with that 
prior commitment. Preparation for 
mission service required seven years 
of schooling; and since Mark too had 
seven years of schooling before him, 
he proposed they m.arry and go to 
school together and prepare for 
joint service for their Lord. Anita, 
who had entered Methodist Theolog- 
ical School in Gothenburg for prep- 
aration in line with her mission call, 
agreed; but it took nine months to 
get a visa to come to the United 

Mark and Anita were married 
Aug. 13, 1948, by Reverend Swan- 
son, the man who had introduced 
them, in the Methodist church at 
Falmouth, Ky. Their next two years 
were spent on a farm in Pennsyl- 
vania. During this time Anita stud- 
ied English and became familiar 
with American customs. On Aug. 
12, 1949, their daughter, Ruth 
Elaine, was born. 

In 1950 the Keeneys enrolled as 
freshmen at Elizabethtown College. 
They studied at West Virginia Uni- 
versity, Morgantown, W. Va., their 
second and third years. Mark had 

a pastorate there. They returned to 
Elizabethtown to finish their college 
work, and both graduated in May 
1954. In September of that year 
they entered Bethany Biblical Sem- 

Mark served as summer pastor in 
Barnum, Minn., two summers of 
their seminary years. He was also 
supply pastor for that church during 
the 1955-56 school year. Their sec- 
ond daughter, Wanda Jeanne, was 
born March 29, 1955. 

Anita and Mark graduated from 
Bethany Seminary in May 1957. In 
September they sailed from New 
York for their chosen work in a 
foreign mission field. En route to 
Nigeria thev visited Anita's parents, 
Joseph and Edith Soderstrom and 
Anita's sister, in Karlskrona, Sweden. 

The Keeneys are now located at 
Marama, P. O. Biu, via Jos, Nigeria, 
West Africa. 

Donald and Shirley Fike 

DONALD L. FIKE was born in 
Bethany Hospital in Chicago on 
April 18, 1933. His parents, Mr. 
and Mrs. Alva C. Fike, lived in 
Chicago until 1940, when they 
moved to Peace Valley, Mo., where 
they have lived since. The family 
has four boys and one girl. 

Don became a member of the 
Church of the Brethren at the age 
of nine. He was graduated from 
West Plains High School in 1950 
and enrolled in McPherson College 
that fall. Durintr the summer of 
1951 he was licensed to the min- 
istry by his home church. He spent 
the next summer with the summer 
service unit at the Elgin state hos- 
pital. During his senior year at col- 
lege he was selected for Who's Who 
among college and university stu- 
dents. He majored in the rural life 
curriculum and minored in philoso- 
phv and religion, graduating cum 
laude with a B. S. degree. 

Following his graduation, he at- 
tended Bethany Seminary. 

On Sept. 3, 1932 a second daugh- 
ter was born to Mr. and Mrs. Lee 
Wine of Wauneta, Nebr. Shirley 
lived there until her parents moved 
to a ranch near Pierre, S. Dak., five 
years later. A brother and three 
more sisters completed this familv. 
Shirley was baptized into the Church 
of the Brethren when she was ten 
vears old. Her letter was placed in 

JANUARY 11, 1958 


The Church at Work- 

Shirley and Donald Fike 

the church at Enders, Nebr., as there 
was no Church of the Brethren in 
South Dakota. 

Following graduation from Pierre 
High School, she attended Black 
Hnis Teachers' College in Spearfish, 
S. Dak., during the summer of 1950. 
She taught for one year in a one- 
room rural school and the following 
year attended McPherson College, 
taking a prenursing course. The next 
fall she entered the Presbyterian 
Hospital School of Nursing in Chi- 
cago. During her senior year in 
nurses' training her family moved to 
a fann near Naperville, 111., and her 
church letter was transferred to the 
Bethel Church of the Brethren. 

On Aug. 27, 1955, after Shirley's 
graduation, and just before begin- 
ning of Don's second year of 
seminary, they were married in Nap- 
erville, 111. Shirley was on the nurs- 
ing staff of Bethany Hospital until 
they went to Mendon, Ohio, where 
Don served as summer pastor. Their 
daughter, Wanda Jean, was born 
Oct. 22, 1956. 

After Don's graduation in June of 
1957, the couple went to his home, 
where he was ordained to the min- 
istry. They attended Annual Confer- 
ence at Richmond, where they were 
dedicated for missionary service in 
Ecuador. Following Conference, 
they went to the missionary training 
coriference in Meadville, Pa., spon- 
sored by the National Council of 

In August they returned to Naper- 
ville to finish packing and then lived 
in the Brethren Mission House in 
Elgin. On Nov. 5 they went by 
plane from Miami to Quito to begin 
language study for a period of ap- 
proximately six months before going 
to their work at the mission. 



Both Don and Shirley have had an 
interest in missions since they were 
children. As teen-agers, contacts 
with returned missionaries at camps 
and other places have done much to 
help in their decision for this phase 
of Christian work. Shirley's major 

contribution in mission work will no I 
doubt be made in the area of health 
and church and community projects. 
Along with his interest in the work) 
of the church, Don is extremely in-i 
terested in crafts, mechanics, and ag- 

Tacoma Completes New Church 

ON OCT. 20, 1957, first services 
were held in the new 84th 
Street Church of the Breth- 
ren in Tacoma, Wash. Bro. Harper 
S. Will was guest speaker for the 
dedication services held on that 
significant day in the life of the 

*** ''^^, 

Brethren work in Tacoma wasi 
started about 1910. For many years, 
after the sale of the original church 
building, morning worship services 
were held in a lodge hall. With the> 
arrival of the church's first full-time 
pastor, Bro. L. W. Blackwell, in) 
May 1956, the congregation began 
to make plans for the construction of: 
a permanent church home. 

With financial assistance the Dis- 
trict of Washington and the General 
Brotherhood Board helped to make^ 
the congregation's plans reality. Thei 
site of the new church was purchased 
by the District Board of Washington* 
Loan funds for construction were 
provided by the General Brother- 
hood Board. 


Some 3,200 hours of work werei 
donated by members and friends ofc 
the church since construction wasi 
begun on Feb. 18, 1957. BrothcK 
Blackwell himself contributed morei 
than 1,600 hours of this total. As a; 
result the final cost of $33,000 wasi 
less than half the amount profeS'Sj 
sional builders would have charged;; |j| 

Plans for the church were pr&f 

„ ., _, , ,, „. ._^ . pared by the Brotherhood churct 

Brother Blackwell officiates at corner- i ., t -^ i » .i tn 

stone laying for the Tacoma church buildmg counselor, Arthur Dean. 

Tacoma's new church building is red Norman brick with redwood trim, 
add to the structure's becnity 

Seminar Season Is Here 

Continued from page 21 
)rk. Living on the West Coast, I had never had 
3 opportunity to visit either Washington, D.C., or 
3 UN headquarters. I became very much interested 
finding out what Seminar is so that I could decide 
lether it would be worth the money. I had never 
id much attention to bulletins and reports about 
tninar before. I had thought it was something which 
ly the young people nearer the East Coast could 

Much to my delight, traveling schedules were 
irked out, and on Feb. 4, 1957, Teresa Garibay (a 
;h school student from Los Angeles) and I found 
rselves in the Washington, D.C., Church of the 
sthren, being introduced as the fu-st young people 
come "all the way from California" to the Seminar. 
ashington comes alive 

You may read all the books that were ever written 
3ut our capital, but until you see the buildings, 
end some sessions of Congress, meet your own 
lator and representative and other government oflB- 
Is, Wasliington, D.C., is not "ahve" for you. The 
linary sightseer in Washington does not get to see 
i hear all that you as a member of the Seminar 
, An outstanding program including many excellent 
makers and discussions, as well as a chance to see 

the things that the tourist is supposed to see, has been 


At the United Nations 

At the UN we of the Seminar again had an 
advantage over the average visitor in that our leaders 
had arranged sessions with people who work in and 
with the UN every day. These included Dr. Andrew 
Cordier, a Brethren man who is executive secretary to 
the Secretary-General of the UN. 

I cannot measure how valuable the Seminar experi- 
ence was for me. I have taken a new interest in 
government and world affairs. Newspaper and maga- 
zine reports mean more now that I can visuaHze what 
is actually happening. I was able to use the knowledge 
I gained many times at home, even on some tests at 
school, and it is very valuable to me here in Germany 
when I am faced with questions concerning my country 
and its place in world affairs. 

I have only one word for those of you who are 
in doubt about attending Seminar. That word is "GO!" 

—Joellen Leonard 
Exchange student 
in Germany 

Next week's Gospel Messenger wiU contain a 
sample program of a Seminar and testimonies from 
participants in last year's Adult Seminar. 

the Brotherhood Church Extension Fund 

tabli^hed by: 

The General Brotherhood Board 


To provide additional loan funds 
buy church building sites, build 
iv church buildings, remodel exist- 
; buildings. 

u may: 

ivest funds you have at 4% interest 

ssist the congregations by lending 
your money to the General Broth- 
erhood Board. 

lake your investment funds work 
For the kingdom. 

All loans are: 

—made to the General Brotherhood 

—secured by the General Brother- 
hood Board. 

—good investments for you, bearing 
4% interest. 

Write to: 

Robert Greiner 
22 S. State St. 
Elgin, 111. 

Ask for: 


—a sample investment note. 

Then, send your money for invest- 
ment. Make your dollars work for 

you and for the kingdom. 

From the Mallbag 

World Communion Day was a day 
apart for us at Waka as it was for 
lusands of groups throughout the 
rid. Ivan Eikenberry oflBciated 
the love feast and communion 
vice, at which 201 people com- 

rhe foundation of our chapel is 
Lshed. We plan to have the laying 
the cornerstone on the twenty- 
irth. There is not enough money 
hand to finish it but we beheve 
! remainder will be forthcoming if 
have faith.— Sara C. Shisler. 

This is the last day of the yearly 
sports events. The mission school is 
making a very fine showing and will 
be receiving several silver cups for 
rewards. More important, they have 
set an example of good sportsman- 
ship of which we are very proud. 

In these out-districts sportsman- 
ship is not valued— one wins however 
one can. This is the first year we 
have had any of our youngsters who 
have been defeated congratulate the 
winners. It was such a victory I felt 
like crying!— Lois Shull, Ahwa, India. 

For Superintenilents 


This handy guide o£Eers for 
each Sunday all the lesson refer- 
ences and additional references 
for the home study of the Sunday 
School lesson; prayer suggestions; 
a suggestion for die superintend- 
ent's desk lesson, the appropriate 
type of hymns, a weekly quiet 
meditation. There are also timely 
monthly suggestions, a program 
for tlie montlily workers' confer- 
ence, quarterly orders of service, 
and special features such as sug- 
gestions for reference books, and 
maps. Blank pages are provided, 
too, for the superintendent's sta- 
tistical records. 75c 



Elgin, Illinois 

JANUARY 11, 1958 


A firsthand account 

of the martyrdom of five 

American missionaries in the Ecuador jungle 

Through Gates of Splendor 



Nothing in modern literature has dramatized so strikingly the collision 
of old and new, of darkness and light, as this saga of five missionary 
martyTS. These men were the first in centuries to penetrate the dread land 
of the Auca Indians in Ecuador with the message of Christ, only to be 
ambushed and slain. 

Here, for the millions of readers stirred by the articles and pictures 
in Life and Reader's Digest, is the whole story in full detail and in its 
true spiritual setting as the extraordinarily detailed martyrs' diaries revealed 

The author, Elizabeth Eliot, is the widow of one of the martyred 

In writing about this book Catherine Marshall said, ". . . Mrs. Elliot's 
book is an epic missionary saga." 


Boys and Girls 


Hazel Wilson 

This narrative is based on early 
American historical fact. Boys 
and girls will find it highly in- 
teresting. A young American boy 
would have starved alone in the 
Maine wilderness without the 
help of an Indian boy who 
showed him how to be at home 
in the woods. It is a memorable 
story of courage and companion- 
ship between the two races. $2.50 



Elgin, Illinois 


Mr. and Mrs. W. E. Burroughs ob- 
served their fifty-seventh wedding an- 
niversary on Nov. 18, 1957. They have 



five children, eighteen grandchildren, 
and four great-grandchildren. They 
have served in the office of deacon for 
forty-two years.— W. E. Burroughs, In- 
dependence, Kansas. 

Mr. and Mrs. George Cripe of Lake 
City, 111., celebrated their golden wed- 
ding anniversary on Oct. 27, 1957. He 
served as treasurer of the La Place 
church for thirty years. They have two 
children and three grandchildren.— Mrs. 
Gertrude Traxler, La Place, 111. 

Mr. and Mrs. Frank Ginder observed 
their fifty-sixth wedding anniversary on 
Sept. 19, 1957. They are members of 
the Lititz church, and the parents of a 
son and a daughter.— Mrs. Ernest D. 
Shenk, Lititz, Pa. 

Mr. and Mrs. Simon R. Grossnickle 
observed their sixtieth wedding anni- 
versary on Nov. 10, 1957, in La Verne, 
Calif. They have one daughter, four 
grandchildren, and eight great-grand- 
children. They have been active mem- 
bers of the La Verne church for many 
years.— J. Edwin Jarboe, La Verne, 


Keller, A. Rohrer, the son of Fred 
and Anna Rohrer Keller, was born Jan. 
1, 1901, and died Oct. 26, 1957. He 
was a faithful member of the White 
Oak church. He is survived by his wife, 
Emma, four sons, three daughters, eight 
grandchildren, one brother, and two 
sisters. Funeral service was held at the 
Graybill church by Brethren Ollie 
Hevener, Jere Cassel, and Rufus Fahne- 
stock. Interment was in the adjoining 
cemetery.— Mrs. Mabel Diffenderfer, 
Manheim, Pa. 

Knaus, Mary Ann, daughter of Daniel 
and Rebecca Sprenkel, was born at 
York, Pa., Feb. 9, 1866, and died Oct. 
29, 1957, at her daughter's home at 
Pitsburg, Ohio. She was united in mar- 

riage to William Jacob Knaus on Dec. 
9, 1891. She is survived by her hus- 
band, five daughters, two foster sons, , 
ten grandchildren, and four great-- 
grandchildren. She was a member of; 
the German Baptist church near Quint- 
er, Kansas. Services were in charge of; 
Elders Paul Wolf, Dan Wertz, and C.| 
R. Boone at the German Baptist church^. 
with interment in the church cemetery. 
—Mrs. Melvin Reinecker, Quinter, Kan-i 
sas. i 

Minnich, Samuel Harold, son of Wil-^ 
liam and Sarah Heckman Minnich, wasi 
born Aug. 4, 1896, and died in Dayton,, 
Ohio, May 18, 1957. On Dec. 26, 1920,1 
he was married to Carrie Hoke. He. 
was a member of the Salem church, 
having served as custodian for a num-' 
her of years. He is survived by his wife, 
two sons, and two brothers. Funeral 
service was conducted in the Salem 
church by Bro. Foster Bittinger. Burial 
was in the Bethel cemetery.— Hazel 
Brumbaugh, Union, Ohio. 

Patches, Albert J., son of Wilham and 
Rebecca Schaffer Patches, died Sept. 4, 
1957, aged eighty-five years. He was. 
a member of the Myerstown church. 
He is survived by one son, four daugh- 
ters, fourteen grandchildren, twelve 
great-grandchildren, one brother, one 
sister, three half brothers, and two half 
sisters. Memorial services were held 
in the Rohland funeral parlors at Leb- 
anon, Pa., by Elder Samuel W. Long- 
enecker and the undersigned. Burlali 
was in the Midway cemetery.— Frank H,i 
Layser, Myerstown, Pa. 

Richards, Mary A., daughter of Mr.i 
and Mrs. H. H. Eby, was bom in Preblei 
County, Ohio, June 22, 1884, and died 
Sept. 18, 1957. On Dec. 25, 1904, shei 
was married to H. F. Richards and( 
served with him in his pastoral ministry,; 
She is survived by her husband, twoi 
sons, two daughters, twelve grandchil- 
dren, and one brother. She united with! 
the Church of the Brethren in early 
life. Funeral service was held by the 
undersigned and Bro. Hubert Newcom-i 
er. Burial was in the Oaklawn ceme- 
tery.— V. F. Schwalm, North Manches- 
ter, Ind. 

Ross, William Jay, son of Mr. and 
Mrs. Fred W. Ross, died Nov. 11, 1957, 
in Pittsburgh, Pa., at the age of thirty- 
nine years. He was born in Somerset 
County, and had resided in Greensburg 
for the past ten years. He was an active 
member of the Greensburg church. Be- 
sides his parents, he is survived by hii 
wife, Ileen Coleman Ross, three daugh- 
ters, two sons, three sisters, and twc 
brothers. Funeral services were con- 
ducted by Bro. Wilfred N. Staufer 
Interment was in Hill View cemetery.- 
Mrs. Galen Bittner, Greensburg, Pa. 

Shaffer, Clara, daughter of Fred anc> 
Elizabeth Burkett Ott, was born Feb' 
8, 1909, and died Oct. 25, 1957. Sh« 
was a member of the Ridge church 
Survivors are her husband. Steward, one 
daughter, two sons, two grandchildrenj 
her mother, four sisters, and threi 
brothers. Service was held in thii 






erkey church by Bro. M. S. Heinz, 
iterment was in the Schellsburg ceme- 
ry.— Zelma Brubaker, Hooversville, 

Shively, Neoma Irene, daughter of 
[r. and Mrs. Moody Carroll, was born 
me 5, 1919, at Rockville, Mo., and 
ed Sept. 28, 1957, in San Francisco, 
ahf. She was married to Walter 
lively in 1938, and became a very 
;tive member in the Empire church, 
le is survived by her husband, her 
irents, three children, three sisters, 
id one brother. The funeral service 
as held in Modesto, Cahf., by Bro. 
lul Alwine and the undersigned. In- 
rment was in the Lakeview Memorial 
irk near Empire.— Lorell Weiss, Em- 
re, Calif. 

Snyder, Agnes Keller, daughter of 
ihn B. and Priscilla Keller Witters, 
ed Oct. 24, 1957, at the age of sev- 
>ty-nine years. She was married to 
arry G. Snyder. She was a member 
the Ephrata church for sixty-five 
jars and an active member of the 
dies' aid society. She and her hus- 
md observed their fifty-seventh wed- 
ng anniversary in April. Surviving, 
asides her husband, are two daughters, 
ree grandchildren, and four great- 
andchildren. The funeral service was 
;ld in the Gravenor funeral home by 
Ider J. A. Robinson. Interment was in 
e Middle Creek cemetery.— Mabel M. 
yer, Ephrata, Pa. 

Church News 

Northern California 
Bakersfield— Ralph Click assumed his 
istoral duties on Sept. 1 and was duly 
stalled on Sept. 15 by the district 
ecutive secretary, Forrest Eisenbise, 
id Floyd Yearout, both of Fresno. A 
ication Bible school was directed by 
yce Lovelace. Offerings were used 
r a copy of Sallman's Head of Christ 
r the worship center and the Heifer 
oject. The completion of the educa- 
)n building was delayed by the short- 
;e of materials. The men contributed 
any hours of labor. Bro. M. S. Frantz 
led the pulpit during August when we 
ere without a pastor. Ralph Hopwood 
id Wilbur Hoke were delegates to dis- 
ict meeting at Empire. In order that 
ore persons may participate in choos- 
g the church officers, the election is 
;ld at the close of a Sunday service 
;fore vacation begins.— Mrs. Lottie M. 
Dss, Bakersfield, Calif. 
Lindsay— During the summer months 
ir congregation had the help of Ernest 
ice, a BVS'er, working with the farm 
bor groups in our community as well 
with our church young people. Our 
ication church school was held the 
st week of June. World-wide Com- 
union Sunday was observed with an 
spirational service by Pastor Ward 
att. On this same Sunday, teachers 
id officers were consecrated. Carroll 
sschbacher was installed as our lay 


is offering to the public an opportunity to 




The church is issuing Broadway Plan building bonds in the amount 
of $50,000. The interest starts to accrue on Jan. 1, 1958. 




Millions of dollars in Broadway Plan bonds have been issued by 
churches throughout the United States, in Canada and Alaska. 




Bonds mature on specific dates at 6 month intervals. Available 
in denominations of $50, $100, $250, $500 and $1000. 


For further information, contact: 

437 Bellaire Ave. - 2532 Acorn Dr. 

Dayton 20, Ohio Dayton 19, Ohio 

Phone CL 2-0456 Phone AX 9-5736 

PRINCE OF PEACE/ Church of the Brethren 



DAYTON 9, Omo 

A Little Book of Bedtime Songs 

^ — ^3^ 

Jeanette Perkins Brown 

The songs included in this book have been 
contributed by parents and teachers who 
know the importance of sending a child to 
sleep relaxed and happy, assured of being 
beloved, and with faith in a friendly, de- 
pendable world. The first songs suggest re- 
lationships to parents and to the world 
which give meaning to the prayers which 
follow them. 50c 


JANUARY 11, 1958 




Gerald Kennedy 

Books in the "Know 
Your Faith" Series are brief 
inspirational treatments of 
important areas of the 
Christian faith, written by 
well-known religious lead- 
ers. They are designed to 
answer the average person's 
questions about his beliefs 
and to strengthen his faith. 

/ BELIEVE, the first in 
the series, is a vigorous state- 
ment of one person's creed 
by a popular minister and 
author. Here, as in his 
earlier books, Dr. Kennedy 
writes simply but with dra- 
matic power. Dealing with 
the deepest aspects of the 
Christian faith and life, he 
treats them with his char- 
acteristically down-to-earth 
style, matched by soundness 
of thought. / BELIEVE 
will help all readers under- 
stand what a Christian can 
believe, and why — and the 
enrichment faith can bring 
to life. fan. 6. $1,25 





moderator at a special service on Oct. 
13. Our laymen were in charge of the 
service on Oct. 27 while our pastor was 
at district conference. The speakers 
were Bud Goings and Kenneth Royer. 
We are following the suggestion of 
daily Bible reading as a preparation for 
our 250th year celebration. The men's 
work has enlarged the parking lot. The 
women had a work day at the church 
each month and recently packed a 
Christmas box for a missionary family. 
They have also collected clothing for 
relief, both local and overseas. Mr. 
and Mrs. Paul Moore presented pictures 
of Bretliren work at Calderon, Ecuador, 
where tliey helped a year ago. Our 
young people co-operated with the dis- 
trict CBYF in collecting food for relief 
and for the use of our work campers. 
Guest speakers in recent months have 
included Bro. M. S. Frantz of Empire 
and Bro. Herbert Rutlirauff, director of 
church relations for La Verne College.— 
Ona M. Page, Porterville, Calif. 

Southern California and Arizona 
Tucson— Our vacation Bible school 
was held in June. The last of June we 
held our annual Arizona state Brethren 
picnic here with the other Arizona 
churches present. Several of our group 
attended the union services this summer 
sponsored by the Tucson Council of 
Churches. Our summer pastor, Bro. 
Ronald K. Morgan, conducted revival 
services, Aug. 4-11. Seven were bap- 
tized. We held our first love feast on 
Aug. 15. Since our summer pastor has 
returned to Bethany, we have been 
without one. Our women's work group 
is making layettes for Lybrook mission. 
The CBYF sponsored a car-wash in 
September. They had a Halloween 
party for the entire congregation. Three 
of our congregation attended the district 
meeting in California.— Irene Cripe, 
Tucson, Ariz. 

Idaho and Eastern Montana 
Twin Falls— In February, the church 
celebrated the fiftieth anniversary of its 
founding. Bro. Harper Will and his 
wife were present for this occasion. 
Brother Will held a week's meeting pre- 
ceding the celebration. The daily va- 
cation Bible school was directed by 
Mrs. June Stepanovich. The offerings 
were used for SOS and Heifer Project. 
The old church was sold in August, and 
on Sept. 29, ground was broken for a 
new church to be built on the property 
purchased two years ago. Located on 
Filer Avenue, it is in a community 
where there are many children not now 
conected with any Sunday school. Bro. 
Owen Agenbroad moderated our coun- 
cil meeting which was held on Sept. 29. 
Many are volunteering help on the new 
building.— Mrs. Anna Irwin, Twin Falls, 


Covington— Our Sunday-school at- 
tendance has been good this year. On 

Brethren Placement and 
Relocation Service . . 

This column is conducted as a free! 
service in the interests of placement audi 
relocation. It does not provide for the; 
advertising of goods or property for sale' 
or rent. Information on rates for paid 
advertising may be obtained from the 
Brethren Publisliing House. 

The right to edit and reject notices! 
is reserved. Since no verification of! 
notices is made no responsibiUty can 
be assiuned. 

When writing to the Brethren Place- 
ment Service about a notice, it is 
necessary that the number of the notice 
be given. Write Brethren Placement 
Service: 22 S. State St., Elgin, 111. 
Social Work 

No. 320. Wanted: Two people to 
work in Brethren Home in Flora, Ind. 
One would do the cooking. The home 
provides one-half cottage furnished^ 
lights, heat, laundry, and meals. For 
further information contact: Russell A. 
Kuns, Superintendent, The Brethren 
Home, Flora, Ind. 

No. 321. A recreational leader is 
needed at Gillespie-Selden Institute, 
Cordele, Ga. The institute is a commu- 
nity center under the guidance of the 
Board of National Missions of the Pres- 
byterian Church in the U. S. A. and, 
is working with the Negroes of the' 
community. The term of service would 
be for two years or longer. Qualifica- 
tions call for a Negro or white man,, 
at least 22 years of age, with a Bach- 
elor's degree in health and physical' 
education. The position is open either 
on a voluntary or salary basis. 

No. 323. Bethany Hospital has anj 
opening for a nurse with supervisory 
ability. Contact: Miss Olga Bendsen, 
Personnel, Bethany Hospital, 3420 W; 
Van Buren St., Chicago, III. 
Farm Work 

No. 325. Wanted: A 36-year-old, un- 
married man with 12 years of farm ex- 
perience, desires work on a farm or in 
a farming community. Has his own car. 
Can operate most tractors and machin-' 
ery. Direct queries to Lawrence E. 
Cook, R. 3, Albia, Iowa. * 

Miscellaneous * 

No. 322. Brethren man, 40 years of 
age, married, two small children, de- 
sires to locate near a Church of the 
Brethren in California or the Midwest. 
He is a skilled mechanic and in recent 
years has worked in a supervisory po- 
sition in a laboratory in northern New 
York. References can be supphed. For 
further information, contact: Brethren 
Placement Service, 22 S. State St., 
Elgin, 111. 

No. 324. Elderly lady, member of the 
First Church of the Brethren, residing 
in Philadelphia, desires a woman assist- 
ant in her home, willing to cook and do 
light housework. Salary and pleasant 
surroundings. Mrs. C. M. Rosenberger, 
4908 N. Camac Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 

le last Sunday of the month all Sun- 
ly-school classes except the nursery 
id kindergarten meet together for a 
lort program and questions on the les- 
ins they have had. Many of the young 
3ople are serving in the choir. The 
dies' aid collects and mends clothing 
ir relief at home and abroad. Brother 
id Sister Harper Will met with the aid 
•Qup on Oct. 23. Brother and Sister 
'ill told about the work in Castaiier, 
jerto Rico. Brother and Sister Black- 
ell also gave short talks about their 
ork in Tacoma, Wash. Ruth Ann But- 
rbaugh, a BVS worker arrived on Nov. 
) to serve as a parish worker for one 
;ar.— Mrs. Lillie Lontz, Kent, Wash. 
Seattle, Olympic View Community— 
uring Brother and Sister Rowe's vaca- 
on our pulpit has been filled by vari- 
es guest speakers. On Nov. 3 Bro. 
arold Fasnacht brought the morning 
lessage and spoke to the young people 
I the evening. On Nov. 10 Bro. Glen 
[ontz, secretary of the Washington, 
laho, and Oregon districts was our 
jest speaker. District conference was 
3ld in the new Lacey Community 
lurch in Olympia, Wash., on Nov. 8- 
3. Our choir gave its annual concert 
a Nov. 1 with a social hour following 
I the fellowship hall. The film, The 
'igh Wall, was shown at the womens' 
srvice guild and Mrs. Isabella Chap- 
lan led a discussion on race relations, 
[r. Salisbury, a new member of the 
jnior fellowship group, told of his ex- 
sriences as- a social worker in the 
tlanta penitentiary.— Mrs. Calder Muir- 
3ad, Seattle, Wash. 

Seattle-Lake wood Community — An 

/ery-member canvass, conducted un- 
er the direction of Ross Heminger of 
le Wenatchee Church of the Brethren, 
;sulted in a $3,000 increase in antici- 
ated giving for the coming year. One 
undred thirty-five children were reg- 
tered on enrollment Sunday in Sep- 
smber. Five of our Sunday-school 
;achers completed a six-week leader- 
lip training course sponsored by the 
eattle Council of Churches. Mr. Bruce 
lacmeekin is the new leader of our 
;nior high youth fellowship group, 
lur pastor, Bro. Victor Bendsen, was 
loderator of tlie district meeting which 
let at Olympia in November. He was 
lected delegate to the Standing Com- 
littee for 1958. Our rhythm choir 
articipated in the program on Friday 
f the conference.— Agnes Ralston, Seat- 
e. Wash. 

Northern Iowa, Minnesota, and 
South Dakota 

Lewiston— Bro. Warren Hoover of 
reston, Minn., conducted a training 
3Ssion on Sept. 11 for the teams mak- 
ig the every-member canvass. Donald 
nd Ruby Wilson and Earl and Delores 
)uncanson were installed in the ofiBce 
f deacon on Sept. 22. On Oct. 6 one 
/as baptized and two were received by 
3tter. Several attended the stewardship 
workshop at the Root River church led 

COil/IINC ! 

FEBRUARY l,.9s» 



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Elgin, Illinois 

by Don Stern. Pastor Walter Bucher at- 
tended the regional conference at Mc- 
Pherson College, Kansas. Mrs. Bucher 
is teaching a released-time rehgious 
education class this term. The friend- 
ship kits prepared by women's work 
and junior Sunday-school pupils were 
dedicated on Nov. 10. Donald Wilson 
and Hazel Summer filled tlie pulpit on 
the two occasions the pastor was absent. 
The church in council on Nov. 5 voted 

to ordain Walter Bucher to the elder- 
ship. Stewart Kauffman, Brotherhood 
director of ministry and evangeHsm, will 
speak at our centennial observance June 
6-8, 1938.-Mrs. Wilham E. Wright, 
Utica, Minn. 

Northeastern Kansas 

Ottawa— The pastor, Bro. Gerald 

JANUARY 11, 1958 




R. D. or St. 

P. O Zone State 

Help us to keep your Gospel Messenger coming by reporting any change in 
address promptly. Please do not remove old address. 

Mease, conducted our daily vacation 
Bible school in June. We were repre- 
sented at the junior-high and family 
camps, Brother Mease and Mrs. George 
Royer serving as directors of the former. 
The men's work group remodeled the 
chmch basement during the summer. 
Our congregation was host to the dis- 
trict meeting on Sept. 19-22. Our dele- 
gates were Elder W. B. DeVilbiss and 
Mrs. Ray Simmons. The laymen had 
charge of the worship service on Lay- 
man's Sunday. The men's work group 
entertained the congregation at a pan- 
cake and sausage supper. The home- 
builders department sponsored a dinner 
and program in honor of the men's and 
women's Bible classes in September. 
The recently organized children's choir 
will sing once each month. Mrs. Mease 
directs this choir as well as the adult 
choir. On Nov. 6 our pastor and his 
wife had charge of the family-night 
services at the Appanoose church. Our 
youth assisted tlie pastor in the evening 
service on Nov. 17. The filmstrip, You 
Are the Church, was shown at the 
women's missionary meeting in Novem- 
ber. An electric organ was installed in 
our church in the late summer.— Mrs. 
Roy Gerhard, Ottawa, Kansas. 

North Dakota and Eastern Montana 

Cando— Byard Snyder of York was 
elected elder at the council meeting in 
September. On Aug. 18 Bro. Owen 
Preston, summer pastor at the Turtle 
Mountain church, spoke at the evening 
service. A memorial service was held 
for the daughter of Brother and Sister 
Sylvus Flora, who died while they were 
on their vacation. On Oct. 6 Harl L. 
Russell, secretary of the Brotherhood 
Fund and director of stewardship edu- 
cation, met with the church in an all- 
day conference. We have conducted an 
every-member canvass. Our Sunday- 
school officers and teachers attended the 
interchurch supper conference at which 



the Reverend McCoy of Jamestown, 
N. Dak., was the speaker. Reverend 
Popoon of the Rocklake Methodist 
church was the speaker at our harvest 
meeting on Oct. 20. The two women's 
work groups of Zion and Cando have 
united. A group of women went to the 
women's rally held at Carrington. Sev- 
eral including our pastor and his family 
attended the regional conference at Mc- 
Pherson. Our men's work group com- 
pleted this year's farm project.— Mrs. 
L. R. Maust, Cando, N. Dak. 

Carrington— Our church was host to 
district meeting in July and the wom- 
en's rally in October. During the sum- 
mer we received seven new members 
by baptism and one by letter. On Oct. 
6 we had our harvest meeting in the 
morning and the council meeting in the 
afternoon. Bro. Walter Miller resigned 
as pastor and was replaced by Bro. 
John Boe of Minot, N. Dak.— Lois 
Hjelsetli, Carrington, N. Dak. 















Brethren, If You Are Planning A Trip To 
Florida, We Invite You To Visit Any Or 
All Of Our Churches. If You Are Planning 
To Move To Florida, We Invite You To 
Settle In The City Of Your Choice, And 
Unite With One Of Our Churches. 

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4, 111. 

Classified Advertising 

FOR SALE — Three-room house not 
finished on the inside. Water and 
lights. Lot size, 50 x 160. Excellent 
location, mail delivery. 41/2 miles ; 
to Brethren church and stores. 
Outside city limits, west of Lake : 
Jackson. Price $8,000. Write: 
Mabel L. Ekas, W. Lake View Dr., 
Sebring, Fla. 


Catherine Marshall's inspiring 

A stirring personal story of one woman's deep 
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the bereaved, and one which will provide an in- 
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CAii/tca cf Cne<^^tetn^ie/t^ 


JANUARY 18. 1958 

Lanks from Monkmeyer 

on Your 

I HE boy who plays a violin or the girl 
who is learning to master a clarinet has 
no problem in taking his or her instrument 
along for a lesson. Most of the important 
instruments in an orchestra are quite port- 
able, but there are a few, like harps and 
pianos and xylophones, that are moved no 
more than is absolutely necessary. So it 
must have been surprising for a photog- 
rapher to meet this Indian carrying his 
towering marimba on his back as he 
walked barefooted along a road in 

But music is seldom a burden. Granted 
that practice and lessons may be painful 
for the young student and the sounds of 
practicing may be nerve-racking for par- 
ents, but even these misfortunes can be 
endured for a time if there is promise of 
music yet to come. Actually it is often the 
song in the heart that enables men to 
endure great hardships. If we learn that 
the weights we carry can be turned into 
melody, we may be better able to shoulder 
our burdens and prepare to "sing the 
Lord's song in a strange land." Take an- 
other look at the cares that seem to over- 
power you. They may be the very 
instruments God uses to voice his praise. 

Gospel Messenger READERS WRITE . . . to the editor 

'Thy Kingdom Come'' 


ELIZABETH WEIGLE - Editorial Assistant 

The Gospel Messenger welcomes letters commenting on editorials, articles and 
news. Letters should be brief and brotherly. 

gan of the Church of the Brethren. 
Published weekly by the General Broth- 
erhood Board, Norman J. Baugher, Gen- 
eral Secretary, 22 S. State St., Elgin, 111., 
at $3.50 per annum in advance. Life 
subscription, $50, husband and wife, $60. 
Entered at the post office at Elgin, 111., 
as second-class matter. Acceptance for 
mailing at special rate of postage pro- 
vided for in section 1103, Act of October 
3, 1917, authorized Aug. 20, 1918. 
Printed in U.S.A. 

MEMBER: The Associated Church Press 

SUBSCRIBER: Religious News Service, 

Ecumenical Press Service, World Around 


Volume 107 Number 3 

JANUARY 18, 1958 

In This Number . . . 

Editorial — 

Music on Your Back 1 

The Master's Hands 5 

Good for Evil 5 

Man of the Year 5 

The General Forum- — 

Reconciliation. Edwin T. Dahlberg . . 3 
Negroes and Brethren. 

Desmond W. Bittinger 6 

The Family Counselor 9 

"Come Up Higher" 10 

Our Oneness in Christ 13 

Family Fun Fare 15 

News — 

Ne'ws and Comment 18 

Church News 28 

Toward His Kingdom — 

Theological Training in India 20 

Adult Workshop in Pittsburg. 

Rufus B. King 24 

Recreation Workshop. Donna Kaser 24 
The Adult Seminar 25 

Robert Raikes, an English pub- 
lisher, is generally credited with 
starting the first Sunday School in 
1780 to teach the children of poor 
factory workers to read so they 
could study the Bible. However, as 
early as 1738 the Church of the 
Brethren had a church sponsored 
school where the children were 
taught from Sunday School cards 
printed by the press of Christopher 
Saur, which began operations that 


Keep His Commandments 

Jesus said the first commandment 
was to love the Lord witli all our 
heart, and with all our soul, and 
with all our mind, and the second 
was to love our neighbor as our- 
selves. We have been warned in 
Rev. 2:4 not to forget our first 
love, or this first commandment. 
Jesus said if we love him we will 
keep his commandments; if we love 
him not, we will not keep his 

With this in mind, let us be 
\'ery careful what we Christians call 
essential, picayune, or trivial. The 
gospel which Jesus brought from 
God and which was practiced in 
the early church as explained by 
Paul cost much more to actuate 
than human mind can grasp. It is 
the God-mind that created this gos- 
pel for us. Its simplicity and its 
ease of accomplishment in most 
things is classical and beautiful, and 
the rewards of obedience to them 
are far more glorious than the doing 
is hard. 

Let us pray then that we Chris- 
tians may love and serve God in 
spirit and in tiTith and not worry 
about numbers, what the world 
says, or even what other churches 
say, lest we go off on a tangent 
and fail our God. That would be 
the greatest tragedy for all. . . .— 
Pearl N. Rohrer, Bean Station, 

A Great Program 

Several months ago, I returned 
from my BVS evaluation in the 
States. It was the end of our first 
year of service and I was eager 
to hear what each one of the young 
people had to say. I came away 
from the group with the feeling of 
gladness because I was a part of 
the BVS program. 

In that group were many teen- 
agers and voung adults from all 
walks of life. As we gathered togeth- 
er in September (1956), for the first 
time, we all were very skeptical 
of one another and were afraid to 
speak out and use our talents but 
after a year of BVS we came back 
bubbling with the will to serve 
wherever needed. 

I use this as only an illustration 
to get my point across. What I 
would like to say is that the total 
BVS program is so much better 

than anyone will give it credit for. 
I don't mean it is such a big sacrifice 
and that we put so many things 
aside to enter into it. BVS is far 
from a sacrifice. It is more of a 
privilege to be part of it. 

We have today in our church 
a group that is looked upon as 
the lighthearted youth. Maybe we 
are, but, at least, we are willing 
to do something rather than sit 
back and criticize. 

We also have in our church a 
program set up by which these 
young pepole can serve. I believe 
it will continue to grow because 
somewhere along the way, one per- 
son took the initiative to help a 
young girl and a young fellow to 
make up his mind or gave him a 
little help otherwise. 

At that point, youth began to 
realize that they too could become 
of help to their church and their 
God. Now, when we speak of BVS 
to the world, they say, "How can 
I start something of this in my 
church?" and it has gone to other 
churches and denominations. 

Many of our service projects in 
the church need your support 
whether it be in money or talents. 
To me, the young people of oiu: 
church are carrying more than their 
share of the load. Each one of 
us is needed in service both at 
our local church and on similar 

We have these programs and we 
have people in them. But after they 
come back, what are our duties 
as a church and as children of 
God to each one of them? They 
have the willingness to work and 
to be used. Can't we find some 
place in our program for them? 

As the old military saying goes, 
"I am proud to be a part of this 
outfit." That is how I feel about 
the church and the BVS program. 
Let us not fail in our obligations 
to God, the church and our fellow 
men. We have started a great pro- 
gram. Let us work to Improve it 
not only with money, but with 
ourselves. — Jim Tomlonson, Cas- 
tafier, Puerto Rico. 

Use of Color 

We look forward to the time 
when the Messenger will appear 
on better paper with the use of 
color.— A Reader. 


^Ue "^aik Be^04.e IaI 

Edwin T. Dahlberg 

THE international watch- 
word of the last few years 
has been massive retalia- 
tion. It has been a feverish 
philosophy of bomb for bomb, 
rocket for rocket, sputnik for 

The gospel of Jesus Christ 
knows nothing of retaliation. 
When Jesus was reviled he re- 
viled not again. His four-point 
program in relation to his ene- 
mies, according to the Sermon 
on the Mount, was to love, to 
bless, to do good, and to pray. 
The task of the Christian 
church, therefore, if we would 
be faithful to the express com- 
mand of our Lord, must be one 
of massive reconciliation. It 
must be reconcihation on a 
world scale. It cannot be just a 
patchwork business of making 
up petty little quarrels here and 
there. As the late L. P. Jack 
said on one occasion, "Man was 
made for enterprises of great 
scope and majesty." There could 
be no entei-prise of greater scope 
and majesty than this: the 
launching of a program of mas- 
sive reconciliation throughout 
the total life of mankind. All na- 
tions are waiting for it. What 
company of people anywhere 
on earth should feel a sense of 
this commission more keenly 
than the National and World 
Councils of Churches, whose 
specific ecumenical task is that 

of reconciling all the children 
of God into the one universal 
fellowship of Christ? 

For the Christian church the 
emphasis must begin where it 
has always begun, with the re- 
conciliation of the soul of man 
to God. The Apostle Paul said 
in the first century of the Chris- 
tian era that we had an embassy 
appointment to this effect. 
Writing to the Corinthian 
church he said, "We are ambas- 
sadors of Christ, God making 
his appeal through us. We be- 
seech you on behalf of Christ, 
be reconciled to God." 

A reconciliation in the con- 
text of eternity is basic. There 
is a fundamental hardness of 
heart— a stubborn, unyielding 
spirit— throughout the life of 
humanity today. It comphcates 
the process of reconcihation at 
every point. It clutters up the 
life of the family, in the persist- 
ent refusal of husbands and 
wives, parents and children, to 
see each other's point of view. 
It blocks negotiations between 
labor and management, causes 
walkouts in the United Nations, 
stalemates every conference on 
disarmament, and even embit- 
ters the fellowship of men of 

There is a hostile emotional 
coloring— an overtone of fear 

JANUARY 18, 1958 3 

and self-concern-hanging about 
even- conference table. This 
makes it difficult for people to 
see eye to eye. How shall we 
o\ercome all this and learn to 
lo\e one another as we ought 
to lo\ e, unless we return to the 
God who is himself love, and 
the source of all love? 

It is not more facts that we 
need. As Adolf Keller said soon 
after the conclusion of the last 
war, "We are sick of facts. What 
we want in Europe is bread. 

and a star of hope." 

That bread of life, that star 
of hope we find in the gospel of 
Christ. He takes us to the very 
center of life, God. He com- 
mands us to surrender the sov- 
ereignty of om own inner ego, 
and to accept the sovereignty 
of the One who is the author 
of our being. He challenges 
us to forget our pitiful face- 
saving devices, all our overin- 
flated ideas of honor and glory, 
in order that we may come 

Reconciliation does 
not end with 
brlnqing individuals 
face to face with 
God; the church 
must speak out 
courageously on 
those issues which 
breed fear and 
tension and 
interpret all events 
in the perspective 
of lesus Christ and 
his kingdom 


from Devaney 


face to face with the God whose 
judgments are true and right- 
eous altogether. As a mission- 
ary to Africa said to me the 
other day, "The safest place on 
earth is at the point where we 
are in the center of God's will." 

It is here where our evange- 
lism and Christian education 
come in. Without redeemed 
and reconciling people it is very 
difi^icult to have a peaceful 
world. I appreciate the fact 
that in dealing with govern- 
ments and the more secular 
agencies of society we must 
reckon with great power blocs 
that do not take God into 
account. But that does not pre- 
vent us from taking him into 
account. The more people 
there are in every nation who 
are personally committed to the 
way of life that is found in 
Christ, the more hope there is 
of a higher level of human re- 

The vital contribution of our 
Christian evangelists, pastors, 
and teachers comes at this 
point. Even if some of the more 
prominent revivalists and evan- 
gelists of our time seem to 
evade the critical moral and 
spiritual issues of the day, such 
as world peace, race relations, 
and industrialism, if they are 
hammering home the central 
truth of man's relationship to 
God in Christ, they are render- 
ing a tremendous service to 
mankind. It is more important 
that men be confronted with 
their basic sin of idolatry and 
indifference to God's will than 
that they should be confronted 
with sins one by one, whether 
personal or social sins. 

Evangelism at its best works 
at the roots of life. That is why 
the National Council of 
Churches must be concerned 
about evangelism and Christian 
education alike, on a big scale. 
It cannot be some puny little 

Continued on page 14 


The Master's Hands 

THE Maestro's hands are stilled." With 
these solemn words a popular magazine 
paid tribute to Arturo Toscanini when he 
died at the age of eighty-nine. For almost si.xty 
years the eminent Italian conductor directed 
matchless performances of symphonic, operatic, 
and choral music. He was a perfectionist, de- 
manding the best that his instrumentalists and 
soloists could offer. He was never satisfied with 
a performance that was second rate. His hands 
did far more than hold a baton or indicate 
tempo. They could command or cajole, hush or 
heighten, invite or incite, exhort or explode, but 
always they were the hands of a master. 

The hands of Jesus of Nazareth were also 
the hands of a master. They received their 
training in a carpenter's shop, on a fishing boat, 
and behind a plow; but they learned also how 
to heal the injured, how to calm the distressed, 
how to lift up the stumbling, how to point the 
way to a kingdom of eternal life. His hands 
were often bruised, often weary, but they never 
failed to fold in prayer or to reach out in a 
loving invitation that included all humanity. 
Never were they clenched in an angry fist or 
closed in a greedy grasp. Yet, finally, they were 
bruised and broken, nailed to a cross. But even 
there they were opened in an act of mercy as 
if his extended arms would reach out always 
to heal and restore, to forgive and renew. 

Maestro Toscanini's hands are stilled, but 
not the hands of the Master of life. He lives 
today to minister and guide, and he carries on 
his work through his body, the church. We are 
his hands and we are called to heal, to lift, to 
witness in his name. If we fail him, he is in 
some respects "handicapped." How much great- 
er will be his ministry if we do not fail him but 
make our hands do the work of his. In what 
better hands could we place our destinies and 
our service than in the Master's hands?— k. m. 

Good for Evil 

A GOOD many Christians talk as if Jesus' 
remarks concerning returning good for 
evil are impractical and irrelevant in our 
time. Yet we continue to hear of men and wom- 
en who turn the other cheek. 

Frequently those who suffer from evil treat- 
ment seem to be able to maintain their sense 
of humor better than those who threaten them. 

In Georgia there is a Christian community that 
has suffered all kinds of persecution because 
it is interracial. Shots have been fired, property 
has been destroyed, businesses have been boy- 
cotted and dynamite has been used. But Clar- 
ence Jordan, the Baptist minister who leads the 
unpopular movement, has shown the good hum- 
or that his enemies lack. He said recently about 
those who attack his community, "They got to 
burning so many crosses that we offered to 
cut some limbs and leave a pile of them out 
there so they wouldn't have to go so far for their 
wood or harm good trees by cutting off 
branches. " 

Maybe those who burn crosses in protest 
against an attempt to practice brotherhood will 
discover that a few burning coals have fallen on 
their heads.— K. m. 

Man of the Year 

THE closing days of 1957 called for a look 
at the recent past. What were the ten 
best news stories? Who were the best- 
dressed women? What television programs 
would win the critics' awards? Who was the 
man of the year? 

The Associated Press poll of editors picked 
Nikita Krushchev as the man. So did Time 
Magazine. Apparently the Soviet leader, rid- 
ing high as the communist party boss, can at- 
tribute his selection to the way he rose to power 
by subordinating his co-workers. Credit must 
also be given to the dramatic impact of Soviet 
scientific achievement. But one wonders wheth- 
er the judgments of history will support the 
current estimate. In the long rvm, is it the ruth- 
lessness of a dictator or is it the leadership of 
a prophet that counts for most? 

"Whoever would be great among you must 
be your servant, and whoever would be first 
among you must be slave of all." These are the 
standards that Jesus posed as a measure of 
greatness. By such standards Nikita Krushchev 
would not rank high, nor would many others 
whose names are often offered. 

Men like Schweitzer or Kagawa would more 
likely rank near the top on our scale of excel- 
lence. But the Christian man of the year may 
be serving somewhere so humbly and quietly 
that no reporter has yet discovered him. Such 
is the man we would prefer to honor.— k. m. 

JANUARY 18, 1958 5 


Desmond W. Bittinger, moderator 

of Annual Conference, presents here 

one answer, whieh was proposed hy 

the General Brotherhood Board in its last meeting, 

to the question of 

OUTSIDE the walls of a 
cemetery in a Brethren 
community in the East, 
there could be seen for many 
years a little stone marker, with 
one word carved on it, "Jo." 

Every time the Brethren 
came to church they saw this 
httle stone standing alone and 
lonely, separated by a stone 
wall from the other grave mark- 
ers. They felt badly. They 
wished, then, that they could 
do something about it. But this 


Negroes and 

stone typified a social situation 
with which they thought they 
did not know how to cope. 

Jo was a little colored girl. 
She had served in one of the 
homes of the community and 
had lived within the home al- 
most like a daughter. She had 
died in an epidemic when many 
other children her age were 
dying. The other children were 
buried in the family lots inside 
the wall. Jo lay lonely in death 
outside the wall. 

Many years afterward the 
wall was torn down. The ceme- 

tery was enlarged; a new wall 
was built. Jo now was inside 
the wall. All the Brethren felt 
better. But they themselves 
had not really done anything 
at all about the problem of race. 
This episode describes some- 
thing of the Brethren frustra- 
tion in the matter of race much 
of the time since we came to 
live in America. We have called 
ourselves Brethren, and have 
wanted to be Brethren. When 
we are able to extend our 
brotherhood to refugees or any 
suffering people, tliis makes us 





Clark and Clark 


feel good. We believe we are 
then more nearly living up to 
our faith and to our name. 

As Brethren, v^e have be- 
come increasingly conscious 
both of racial situations within 
some of our own communities 
and of the growing racial ten- 
sion within our nation, in South 
Africa, and elsewhere. "Little 
Rocks" make us extremely un- 
comfortable because, being 
Brethren, we know that denial 
of privilege to anyone is wrong. 
It hurts us, both from our inner 
feeling of what is right and also 

from our belief that we as a 
church really should have some- 
thing to offer that would be 

And yet we feel ourselves un- 
trained and inexpert in the field 
of social conduct and social ac- 
tion, as well as in the field of 
politics and lawmaking. We 
have, for a long time, thought 
of ourselves as being "with- 
drawn," or "separate," from the 
world, and yet the injustices 
we see among men within the 
world greatly disturb us. Even 
when injustices creep within 

our own churches we have 
really not known how to han- 
dle them. 

For many years we have 
wanted to do something about 
the injustices due to race. 
Hardly a General Brotherhood 
Board meeting has gone by 
without some paper or plan be- 
ing presented. Hardly an An- 
nual Conference passes without 
"good resolutions" being lifted 
up on the racial question. We 
have schools of racial studies in 
our churches. 

But the end result is often 
frustration: we end our schools, 
we come back from our Annual 
Conferences, and from our 
Board meetings, saying, "Why 
can't we really do something?" 

Here, at last, is a proposal 
which many believe opens the 
way for the Brethren to do 
something. It approaches the 
racial problem at the level 
where the Brethren live, and 
from an approach which the 
Brethren can understand. 

When we heard of the suf- 
fering refugees in Europe we 
undertook to resettle them. We 
were glad to open our churches 
to them, to find housing for 
them, to help furnish their 
homes and to find jobs for them 
in our communities. We have 
helped these people come across 
an ocean and be resettled even 
as our forefathers were resettled 

The proposal now, passed 
with enthusiasm by the General 
Brotherhood Board on Novem- 
ber 15, 1957, is that we help 
resettle families of our oviTi 
minority groups, particularly 
the Negroes and the Puerto Ri- 
cans, who are moving from 
home or area conditions which 
cause them great suffering into 
other conditions, often in cities 
of the north, where conditions 
may be just as bad or even 
worse. For in our cities, North 

JANUARY 18, 1958 7 

and South, they usually are re- 
stricted for housmg to only 
small areas. Here the over- 
crowding becomes impossible 
and the temptations to juvenile 
delinquency and crime almost 
too great to be overcome. 

The proposal of the General 
Brotherhood Board is that 
Brethren churches invite these 
minority peoples to come and 
dw^ell among us as we invited 
the refugees, that we help them 
find homes in Brethren com- 
munities, jobs, a church to wor- 
ship in, and self-respect. 

This should not be as difficult 
as to have refugees come from 
overseas, for there is seldom 
any language barrier, there is 
little "strangeness" in food and 
there are few different cultural 
patterns for them to get used 
to, for they have been in Ameri- 
ca with us from the beginning. 
The chief difference is a differ- 
ence in pigmentation. 

Pigmentation is a conspic- 
uous, or noticeable difference, 
however. Some Brethren com- 
munities may find this differ- 
ence too striking, the social 
problem "too hot to handle." 
Others should grasp this oppor- 
tunity quickly and show the 

Here, then, is a great chal- 
lenge placed before each 
church. Here is an avenue of 
brotherhood from which we 
cannot easily turn aside. Here 
is an approach with which we 
are experienced, for we, our- 
selves, were once refugees. 

This is not the whole answer 
to the racial problem. Much of 
the answer lies in education, in 
a more understanding love, in 
an increased humility, in an en- 
larged understanding of the 
right of every man to walk with 
his head up. These answers 
will come more slowly. Breth- 
ren must always work for these 


solutions also; indeed, if they 
are Christian they cannot do 

But, here, in this proposal 
from the General Brotherhood 
Board, we have the beginning 
of one answer for the Brethren. 

Will your church be the first 
to adopt a family? 

The proposal follows: 

The 1950 Annual Conference urged 
"members and all other Christians to 
give attention to the cause of love and 
justice toward those who belong, by 
reason of tlieir ancestry, to minorities 
denied rights and privileges which all 
people equally deserve ... to practice 
the ideal of interracial justice and broth- 
erhood ... no longer to allow the in- 
definite postponement of action. . . . 
People of all races should be freely 
welcomed into the membership of any 
and all congregations with no require- 
ments or restrictions otiier than those 
ordinarily asked of anyone. . . . Special 
efforts should be made to help our 
children, young people, and adults make 
the acquaintance of people from other 
racial groups." 

In light of the fact that there are 
great migrations of Negroes, Puerto 

Ricans, and other minority persons from 
intolerable conditions seeking better op- 
portunities in new locations; in light of . 
the very substandard housing, employ- 
ment, and social conditions in our major 
cities and in rural areas where Negroes 
and other minorities are forced to Hve; 
in light of the fact that all of the above 
situations prevent many of these persons 
from achieving their full potentialities 
as American citizens and as children of 
God; and in light of the fact that the 
Chiu-ch of the Brethren has done little 
to assist the Negroes of America, the 
following is proposed: 

That a plan of resettlement for 
Negroes and persons of other minority 
groups into Brethren communities, 
much like the resettlement program for 
refugees and displaced persons, be es- 
tablished. Local congregations, or in- 
dividuals, shall apply for persons to be 
assigned to their sponsorship. 

The sponsor will assume responsibil- 
ity for transportation, housing, employ- 
ment, introduction into the community, 
and spiritual fellowship for the persons 
so sponsored. 

The Brethren Service Commission 
will work out with the church, educa- 
tional, and other agencies the selection 
of persons to be resettled. It will im- 
plement this proposal through its social 
action program and its regular budget. 

Clark and Clark 

Children are blind to color or accept it as a natxiral thing until 
their attitudes are changed by the adults with whom they live 

Because our forefathers were once 
refugees, because of increased racial 
tensions, and because of our experience 
in the resettlement of peoples. Brethren 
have a special responsibility and oppor- 
tunity to assist in the creation of better 
understanding and goodwill between 

This proposal is not to accelerate the 
migration of racial minority groups but 
more particularly to assist those persons 
caught in situations of distress. We 
recognize that this proposal deals with 
only one important aspect of the total 
problem with which Brethren must be 
increasingly concerned. 

The Brethren Service Com- 
mission is following procedures 
generally similar to those by 
which local Brethren congrega- 
tions and individuals have as- 
sisted 5,560 refugees from 
overseas to resettle since 1948. 
The commission staff is already 
selecting Negro families for re- 
settlement. The names of such 
families may be secured by 
writing to the Brethren Service 
Commission, General Brother- 
hood Board, 22 S. State Street, 
Elgin, 111. 

Will you send in an "assur- 
ance" of a new home for a dis- 
tressed family? 

In Debt to All Men 

Kirby Page 

With Saint Paul we must cry: 
"I feel myself under a sort 
Of universal obligation. I 
Owe something to all men, 
From cultured Greek to 
Ignorant savage." So it is 
With every individual, and 
In every area of life. "No 
Man lives to himself, and 
No man dies to himself." 
Our very existence depends 
Upon the millions of hands 
And backs that provide us 
With food and shelter and 
Security. Our health is 
Ministered to by sanitary 
Engineer, garbage collector, 
Street sweeper, doctor and 
Dentist. Our safety is in 
The care of fireman, traffic 
Officer, policeman, and 
Food inspector. What we 
Learn is derived from brain 
And voice and pen of a vast 
Company — teacher, author. 
Editor, reporter. For our 
Books, magazines, and papers 
We are obligated to hewer 

Of wood, artisan, mechanic, 
Truck driver, writer. 
Publisher, printer, seller. 
Delivery boy. And how 
Enriched our lives by the 
Genius and labor of Bach 

And Beethoven, Raphael and 
Michelangelo! Beyond 
Imagination is our spiritual 
Indebtedness to prophet and 
Saint and martyr, and above 
All others to our Lord. 

The Family Counselor 

Paul Hersch 
Clyde Weaver 

H. K. Zeller. Jr. 
Leah Zuck 

Jesse Ziegler 
Katherine Weaver 

The Family Counselor welcomes letters of inquiry. They may be addressed : Family 
Life Department, General Brotherhood Board, 22 S. State St., Elgin, 111. 

which is out of line that it becomes 
very difficult for the other partner 
to be the kind of person which he 
or she holds as ideal for himself. 
For you the circumstances were 
such that you succumbed to a 

You say, however, that you gave 
your life to Christ in the evangelistic 
meetings and asked God to forgive 
you. Why do you not accept the 
fact that God has forgiven you? 
Objectively this is true if you have 
confessed and repented. "Though 
your sins be as scarlet, they shall 
be as snow; though they are red 
like crimson, they shall be as wool." 
"He is faithful and just to forgive 
us our sins and to cleanse us from 
all unrighteousness." 

But you say that you are trou- 
bled more as you get older about 
what you did. Could it possibly 
be that you have not really forgiven 
your husband? Has he asked your 
forgiveness and have you really 
tried to start all over again? This 
is not easy. But it is quite hkely 
that it is almost impossible to feel 
completely forgiven oneself if one 
holds any resentment. This would 
be the suggestion that I would have 
for you as to how to try to deal 
with your own feelings. Recognize 
that God has already forgiven you 
when you repented and confessed. 
He will remove the doubts when 
you are sure you have also forgiven 
the one who wronged you. 

I would strongly urge that you 
go and talk to one of the fine pastors 
in your area. Be assured that they 
will understand, no matter how 
high your positions may be. They 
too are sinners, forgiven by God, 
as are we all. We have our hope 
not in our own goodness but in 
the grace and mercy of God. You 
may be helped greatly by talking 
it all through with a good pastor. 
Jesse H. Ziegler. 

Dear Counselor, 

I am a wife, mother, grandmoth- 
er, and more than threescore years 
of age. I was married hastily, too 
young, and under unfortunate cir- 
cumstances. Early in our marriage 
I began to discover my husband 
was going with other women. I 
was almost crushed by actually find- 
ing him with other women. He 
got into other difficulties. In my 
upset condition I sought an ear from 
former friends. I gave some ex- 
pression of afi^ection and received 
some from one man who listened 
and sympathized. This made me 
feel very guilty. In an evangelistic 
meeting I committed my life to 
Christ again. 

After many years of praying for 
my husband, he too became inter- 
ested in the church. Now we are 
both active Christians. He knows 
about me but did not feel like say- 
ing anything because he felt badly 
about his own behavior. I have 
asked God's forgiveness but feel 
worse for what I did as I get older. 
Can I be sure that I have been 
forgiven? Can my experience be 
helpful to someone else in showing 
that it does not pay to do wrong 
yourself no matter what has hap- 
pened to you? 

Troubled Grandmother. 

Dear Friend, 

Your letter sounds as though you 
are continuing to feel quite troubled 
about what you did fifty years ago. 
You have probably many times been 
grateful to God that he gave you a 
good conscience. It is the con- 
science that continues to make us 
feel badly for the ill we have done 
after the act is completed. 

I do not propose to suggest that 
what was going on in your marriage 
can justify what you did that hurt 
your own conscience. At the same 
time, I recognize that there are 
times when one partner to a mar- 
riage can put the other under such 
severe strain by his own behavior 

JANUARY 18, 1958 


The story of the Breth- 
ren today as seen 
through our history and 
faith is portrayed in a 
sixty-three frame sound 
filmstrip of full color art 
drawings. It was pro- 
duced especially for 
use in every church in 
the Brotherhood during 
the Anniversary Year 

SeelCinci theXind of Chd^t 

^leXaadeif JV(kck: and oiWs 

seatcK out 




Seelcing theXindof CHdst BfetKrea belieVe ia 

The ChurcK 


TeacKiag (SauifS tfome) 

(crOOdlO i IL 

JANUARY 18, 1958 


BjfetKreri belie\^e in 

lOortcl Outreach 


F U A K -C U 

_/ Ai * rj t i. 


The church 5p«feads in Sut'ope 



Our Oneness in Christ 

A Message from the General Assembly 
of the National Council oi Churches 

FROM its fourth general assem- 
bly in St. Louis, Missouri, the 
National Council of Churches 
sends greetings to the people of our 
churches and our nation. 

Our Oneness in Christ 

We are becoming steadily more 
aware of the oneness that is ours in 
Jesus Christ. We recognize it be- 
neath the forms of organization and 
co-operation of this council. This 
oneness is not of our own making, 
but God's. It is by his will and 
through his grace that the barriers 
dividing mankind are breached 
and overcome. We gratefully affirm 
that in the church God is drawing us 
ever more surely and profoundly to- 

While ecumenical fellowship has 
thus far been realized chiefly among 
the leaders of the churches, we are 
convinced that now it must and can 
be experienced more widelv by the 
members of each congregation. To 
support and strengthen all expres- 
sions of basic unitv in Christ wher- 
ever his people work or worship, 
act or serve in his name and spirit, 
is a major objective of this council. 

Our Broken World 

Yet the more we grow in essential 
solidarity with Christ, the greater is 
our discontent with our imperfect 
unitv and with the disunited world 
in which we live— a disunity now 
made all the more vivid bv the fear- 
ful competition in man's penetration 
of outer space. The plain truth is 
that ours is a tragically broken world. 
This brokenness infects the church's 
life and work. The world is in the 
church even as the church is in the 
world. Hence, as Christians we are 
deeply enmeshed in that which we 

It is hard to be a whole human 
being in today's broken world. Pres- 
sured, overstimulated, pulled this 
wav and that by competing loyalties, 
fragmented by his varied roles and 
functions, menaced by the constant 
threat of war, contemporary man 
appears sometimes to be less than 
human. These hazards are increased 
by a society in which sheer bigness, 
rapid change, and the loss of con- 
trol over the very means of control 
which scientific ingenuity has de- 
vised, spell moral ambiguity and 
spiritual despair. 

There is a Christian word of warn- 
ing and of promise to be spoken to 
such a man, "rich in things but poor 
in soul," who dwells in every one 
of us. All double-mindedness and 
undue self-concern must go. Our 
Lord savs, "Do not be anxious. . . . 
But seek first his kingdom." Whole- 
ness of life springs from singleness 
of purpose; it is given to those who 
live day by day upon God's for- 
giveness and who make each de- 
cision in the light of his ultimate 
will. Only so can man find that true 
selfhood and final security which are 
in Jesus Christ our Lord. 

Our Fullness and Emptiness 

Our common life reveals a para- 
dox of fullness yet emptiness which 
is critical and startling. We are 
thankful for the outward signs of a 
religious interest in our country. 
Many persons have been reached 
bv various forms of evangelism. 
There is a heartening increase in 
la\' participation and responsibility. 
Christian education has become more 
articulate and creative. Thirtv com- 
munions comprising thirtv-seven 
million people are now working to- 
gether in this council. All this gives 
us real cause for encouragement. 

Religious News Service 
But there is still a most demanding 
task before us. The Christian church 
must deal more realistically and 
prophetically with the human situa- 
tion in its preaching and teaching, 
in its work and worship, as befits the 
disciples of a Lord who knows what 
is in man. 

Side by side with productivity and 
abundance and the growth in church 
membership there is a rise of law- 
lessness, increase in mental illness, 
threatened disintegration of familv 
life, breakdown of moral law and 
order, growing cynicism and fatal- 
ism, and frenzied searching for se- 
cvuitv. Whv, in a nation of more 
than one hundred million church 
members, should moral confusion, 
cultural rootlessness, and spiritual 
lostness be so widespread? Is this 
contradiction inevitable? Or can it 
with Cod's help be overcome? 

Religious News Service 

A huge cross and an altar, flanked by denominational banners, 
form the background for speakers at the fourth General Assembly 
of the National Council in Kiel Auditorium in St. Louis, MissourL 
About 800 delegates and 1,000 observers and visitors were present 

JANUARY 18, 1958 


With questions like these Chris- 
tians are called upon to wrestle in 
the da\s ahead. Man's very inse- 
curit\' and bafflement may have 
promise in them, and the church 
should baptize them with the power 
of the gospel. We cannot be sure 
how much time is left to us, plan- 
ning and \\orking as men and women 
to whom e\^ery dav is a dav of 

Our Witness to Our Oneness 

As judgment begins in the house 
of God, so also must reformation. 
Organizational complacency and 
self-assurance based on statistics 
must cease. The running of "suc- 
cessful programs" must not be equat- 
ed with the achieving of a holv 

The local church in fellowship 
with neighboring churches is basic 
to our witness. God's purposes for 
his children are thwarted or ful- 
filled within local communities. The 
important decisions and resolutions 
of this assembly will be futile unless 
considered and put into effect by 
congregations and councils. It is 
here that our oneness in Christ must 
become operative and the brokenness 
of persons made whole. 

We are called also to become the 
proving ground of a fellowship that 
is universal because it is divine. As 
in missions we have been able to 
realize our membership in the body 
of Christ despite revolutionary na- 
tionalism and the renascence of other 
religions, so within the international 
realm we must bear vigilant testi- 
mony to the reconciling gospel of 
our Lord. Until God's will for broth- 
erhood is done on earth the Christian 
conscience cannot be at ease. 

Racial discrimination and segrega- 
tion, though repeatedly condemned, 
still prevail within the church. We 
must severely criticize such un-Chris- 
tian attitudes and practices while 
recognizing at the same time our 
own failures. We are thankful for 
the leadership which the church 
gives when Christians stand up in 
the midst of strife to be counted on 
the side of a more just and brotherly 
America. May God grant us the for- 
bearance of those who understand, 
and the courage of those who love. 

Unity of Faith and Hope 

Our oneness in Christ gives us 
hope. We need not wait until com- 
plete unity is reached before we be- 
gin to realize the wholeness of life 

which God oflFers us. God requires 
us to sei-ve him within this broken 
world. That which makes unity 
difficult also makes it imperative. 

We know that unity is of God, 
who in Jesus Christ has disclosed his 
will and poured out his Spirit. We 
are called to show forth the coming 
of the Lord who even now is gath- 
ering all things to himself by the 
power of God's love. In this as- 
surance we move forward together. 
May God perfect our unity and grant 
to each of us his blessing and his 



Edwin T. Dahlberg. newly elected 
president of the National Council, 
delivers his acceptance address 


Continued from page 4 

fringe effort. It must be an 
evangelism and education 
wfiicli will link together the 
evangelistic passion of Billy 
Graham with the social insights 
of a Walter Rauschenbusch. 
When we have that kind of a 
combination, and are baptized 
into a feeling of the conditions 
of the people, we will be pre- 
pared to stand before the world 
and say, "We beseech you on 
behalf of Christ, be reconciled 
to God." 

At this point I cannot refrain 
from telling the moving exper- 
ience related by Ghandu Ray, 
great leader of the Anglican 
church in Pakistan. Preaching 
in our Delmar Baptist pulpit 
during the Evanston Assembly 
of the World Council, he told 
how before he became a Chris- 
tian, he spent a night with a 

friend who was in a Christian 
hospital in India. This friend's 
eye was to be removed the fol- 
lowing morning to save the sight 
of the other eye. The evening 
before the operation, the friend 
said to Ghandu Ray, "Take my 
Bible, and read me the 14th 
chapter of John, before I be- 
come blind and lose my sight." 
As Ghandu Ray read the great 
words of Jesus, he suddenly put 
down the Bible and said, "You 
are not going to go blind. And 
what's more, I am even now 
receiving my spiritual sight." 

They spent the rest of the 
night in prayer, with the result 
that at dawn Ghandu Ray gave 
his heart to Christ. At 9 o'clock 
in the morning the surgeon 
came in, looked at the friend's 
eye through his magnifying 
glass, and said to his assistant, 
"Get me the other lens." The 
assistant brought the new and 
more powerful lens. Scrutiniz- 
ing the eye more carefully the 
surgeon said in surprise, "Some- 
thing has happened here. Were 
you conscious of anything hap- 
pening in the night?" The pa- 
tient told him of their prayers 
through the night, and how 
Ghandu Ray had become a 
Christian. "Were there any 
tears shed?" the surgeon asked 
curiously. "Yes, doctor, there 
were many tears," was the re- 
ply. "That explains it," said 
the surgeon. "It must have 
been the tears. Something his 
dissolved the center of tension. 
I am going to postpone the op- 
eration." The operation never 
took place. Today the patient 
can see with both eyes, as clear- 
ly as any of us at these tables. 

The night is dark, and we are 
far from home. But who knows 
what might happen in the life 
of mankind if once more the 
Christian church spent the 
night in tears and prayers, as 
did our Lord before us, for a 
generation of humanity that is 

going completely blind? Only 
as there are tears of penitence 
and contrition before God can 
the centers of tension be 
dissolved, so that we can re- 
ceive our sight. As Count Key- 
serling once said in another 
connection, "Our problems are 
not so much solved, as they are 
dismissed, in the presence of a 
higher unity." For the Chris- 
tian, that higher unity is God. 

We could not speak of mas- 
sive reconciliation without un- 
derscoring the need for such 
massive reconciliation among 
the nations. 

We may joke about the sput- 
niks, and the possibility of 
space travel. But we cannot 
doubt that these scientific de- 
velopments have introduced a 
completely new factor into our 
whole concept of national de- 
fense. In a world where the 
great powers stand poised with 
intercontinental missiles and 
missiles against missiles, ready 
to trigger the total destruction 
of all that we know of modern 
civilization, the old concepts of 
military security are complete- 
ly outmoded. Armies, navies, 
and jet planes may be antiques 
before the end of our lifetime, 
as soldiers, ships, and even air 
power go the way of cavalry 
troops and the storming of re- 
doubts. The old arguments of 
pacifists and nonpacifists be- 
come passe. We are faced now 
with chemical and mechanical 
destruction on such a colossal 
scale that nothing more of the 
world may be left than a radio- 
active ash heap. 

The church is therefore 
charged with the responsibility 
of awakening public opinion to 
the utter folly and futility of 
spending forty billions of dol- 
lars on a system of defense that 
never in the world can defend 
us. It is not half so important 
that we send sputniks circling 
around the globe as that we 
should send more loaves of 

bread around the world. It is the 
hunger and misery of the vast 
population of the earth, the 
unrestrained birthrates, the pro- 
duction of military hardware, 
the fanatical ignorance and il- 
literacy of oppressed peoples, 
that make for war. If we would 
concentrate on economic aid, 
the reduction of armaments, the 
honest exchange of news as well 
as the exchange of visiting dele- 
gations across all international 
lines, regardless of either iron 
curtains or star-spangled cur- 
tains, we would go far towards 
the reduction of those fears 
and tensions which now goad 
whole nations into a suicidal 
leap into the abyss of death. 

All this leads to the one su- 
preme necessity of effecting the 
unity of the church. There are 
many who would discredit the 
idea of church unity with the 
old cliche, "Can two walk to- 
gether except they be agreed?" 
The glib use of this very per- 
tinent question from the Book 
of Amos fails utterly to grasp 
the prophet's meaning. Even 
if two people do not agree, they 
can walk together. My wife 

and I frequently do not agree. 
But we walk together, and live 
together, in the joy of our love. 
Many of us forget that what 
Amos really said, according to 
the translation in the Revised 
Standard Version, was this: 
"Do two walk together, unless 
they have made an appoint- 
ment?" When the member 
churches met together at Cleve- 
land to form the National 
Council of the Churches of 
Christ in America they did not 
in all things agree. But they 
made an appointment to walk 
together. They made an ap- 
pointment to walk together in 
the paths where Jesus walked: 
to evangelize the nations, to 
bring light unto the Gentiles, 
to bind up the brokenhearted, 
to set at liberty them that are 
bruised, and to set the prisoner 
free. This appointment we in- 
tend to keep, until that day 
when all the world shall know 
that the government of life is 
upon his shoulder, who is called 
Wonderful Counselor, Mighty 
God, Everlasting Father, Prince 
of Peace. 

Famflq Fun Fare 

Introducing a new feature in which our readers share their experiences 
in wholesome family fun; why not send information about your best family 
games, songs, contests, and informal worship ideas to the Recreation Depart- 
ment, General Brotherhood Board, 22 S. State Street, Elgin, Illinois? 

Snow Sculpturing 

HAVE you ever tried to make 
a snow man? Do you re- 
member the fun you had 
in making it? Then you will know 
something of the experience that 
you can have when you try some 
other figures. An evening of snow 
sculpture can serve as a great time 
for a family or even for a good 
church party. The whole family can 
work together on a single project, 
or each member of the family may 
choose his own. At Christmas time 
a manger scene could be created 
of all snow figures with a spotlight 
thrown on them to light them up. 
Large figures may be made by 

using broomsticks, barrels, and oth- 
er things to form the structure and 
base on which you mold your snow. 
The article that you use to form 
the framework will depend upon 
the size and the nature of the thing 
that you plan to build. Some figures 
might include Santa Claus and his 
reindeers, a castle, an Eskimo scene, 
dogs and dog sleds, etc. To pre- 
serve the figures once they are 
made, sprinkle or spray with water 
allowing it to freeze foiTning an ice 
coating. This will tend to preserve 
the figures for some time providing 
the weather does not become too 
warm.— Submitted by Joe Johns. 

JANUARY 18, 1958 



Check-up Month 

The total of Brotherhood Fund contribu- 
tions to February 1 is evaluated very carefully 
by the General Brotherhood Board. The shar- 
ing of the four-month period has come to be 
something of a barometer on support of the 
brotherhood's program for the entire year end- 
ing September 30. 

Consequently, January annually is "check- 
up" month. This year's' $1,750,000 calls for 
increased giving of 34% over what was actu- 
ally contributed the previous year. 

Contributions the past three months total 
$250,466. There is urgent need for prayerful 
consideration of our congregational and in- 
dividual stewardship. 

We remind church and organizational 
treasurers and others to send Brotherhood 
Fund money to arrive in Elgin no later than 
January 31. Our Anniversary theme of Breth- 
ren Under the Lordship of Christ impels us 
to seek deeper levels of commitment. 

Mr. and Mrs. Cassius M. Simmons from Brook- 
ville, Ohio, who entered Brethren Volunteer Service 
program for adults, arrived at the end of December 
for their project at the Lybrook Indian Mission in New 

Olin and Mary Mason and family arrived on Jan. 1, 
in Falfurrias, Tex., where Mr. Mason will serve as 
director of the Brethren Service Project. He comes 
to this assignment with a background of participation 
in numerous programs sponsored bv the Brethren Serv- 
ice Commission. 

A new congregation, Sura, was organized in the 
Nigeria District on December 15. Sura is north of 
Shafa and east of Waka. The church was organized 
with seventy-eight charter members. Bro. Yakubu 
Zoaka was licensed to the ministry at Sura, Nigeria, 
on December 15. His work will be at Zuwa, Wandali 

Dr. Perry B. Fitzwater, for many years dean of 
Moodv Bible Institute in Chicago, died on December 
29 after being hit by an auto near his home in Evan- 
ston, Illinois. He was eighty-six years old. He at- 
tended Bridgewater College and taught at Manchester 
and La Verne as well as at Moody. At one time he 
wrote a syndicated column of Bible lessons. 

Northeastern Kansas and Middle Indiana districts 
of the Western Region and Central Region respectively 
achieved the distinction of every church having con- 
tributed to the Brotherhood Fund during the period 
October 1 to November 30, 1957. This conforms to 
the 1954 Annual Conference recommendation that 
churches should remit all benevolence monies each 



The dedication service for the Brethren Service 
Center at Modesto, Calif., is being planned for Feb. 
23. Don Murray will be a guest participant in the 

A Seminar on the Christian Farmer and His Gov- 
ernment will take place February 4-6 at Washington, 
D. C. It is sponsored by the Department of the Church 
and Economic Life of the Division of Christian Life and 
Work of the National Council of Churches. 

Our six colleges last year enrolled an average of 
42.7% Church of the Brethren students. The thirteen 
colleges of the United Lutheran Church average 44.4% 
Lutheran students. The percentages of our individual 
colleges range from 19.4% to 60.8%; theirs range from 
12.7% to 75.8. % Last year four of our Church of the 
Brethren colleges had well over 50% Brethren students. 

Anna Crumpacker, who broke her hip in a fall on 
Nov. 29, is now progressing satisfactorily in a conva- 
lescent home. She was in the hospital thirteen days 
and will need to remain in the home about four months. 
Her sister is staying with her at present. Her ad- 
dress is: Nursing Home, 1004 North Street, Jackson, 
Mississippi. She was a teacher at the Piney Woods 
School in Mississippi at the time of her fall. 

A Brethren Heritage Tour of Europe, is being 
planned for next summer from July 7 to Aug. 10. 
Leaders will be Mac Coffman, Ken Kreider and Max 
Snider, all of whom have served recently in the 
European program of the church. The tour includes 
visits to Holland, Belguim, France, Switzerland, Italy, 
Austria and Germany and will be arranged so that 
members of the party can attend Anniversary events in 
Kassel and Schwarzenau. For additional information 
write to: Brethren Heritage Tour, Manchester College, 
N. Manchester, Ind. 

Change of Address 

The Irven Stern family recently returned on fur- 
lough from Nigeria. Their address will be 3435 West 
Van Buren, Chicago 24, 111., while Irven takes gradu- 
ate work at Garrett Biblical Institute in Evanston. 

Commission Urges Disarmament Concessions 

Telegrams were sent by the Brethren Service Com- 
mission to Regional Secretaries on Jan. 2 urging sup- 
port for Harold Stassen's recommendations for disarm- 

The messages said, "Is anticipated Eisenhower and 
National Security Council will decide Monday, Jan. 
6 whether to make concessions to facilitate disarma- 
ment agreement with Russia. Request you contact 
leaders in your districts urging telegrams to Eisen- 
hower requesting him accept and support Harold • 
Stassen's recommendations for more concessions to 
facilitate disarmament agreement. Monday may be 

If a decision on this important matter has not been 
reached at the time this is published, readers of the. 
Gospel Messenger are encouraged to send similar 
messages to the President. 

Brotherhood Theme: Brethren Under the Lordship of Christ 

Churches are urged to send in their request for the 
ew junior high story paper, FRIENDS. Cards have 
een mailed to a representative in each church. Each 
nior high should receive a copy of this new paper, 
t is sent free during February and one half price in 
karch. Will each pastor, church school secretary, su- 
perintendent, and junior high teacher check to make 
sure if the card from their church has been sent in? 

Desmond W. Bittinger, moderator of Annual Con- 
ference, was prevented from attending the Cerman- 
town anniversary love feast because of emergency surg- 
ery in a Wichita hospital. Although his condition was 
at one time regarded as serious he is scheduled to leave 
the hospital this month and a steady recovery is ex- 
pected. It will be several weeks before he can assume 
his regular duties. Because of this illness Bro. Bitting- 
er was unable to attend the Association of American 
Colleges convention in Florida where he had been 
selected to serve as chairman of its important reso- 
lutions committee. 

Dr. Paul Petcher from Nigeria, West Africa writes: 
"The growth of the church continues at a remarkable 
pace. The pastor here at Lassa, who is a Nigerian, has 
baptized and given covenant to seventy people in the 
last month. We have one place fifteen miles from Lassa 
where the teacher in our school reports that there are 
200 people in the class studying to take the covenant. 
We are having more requests for us to go into the 
out villages than we can fill. It is a real challenge to 
the church in America to furnish people and funds to 
fill this gowing need." 

The Women's Work Department has materials 
available for the World Day of Prayer on February 
21. An order blank for direct mailing to the publish- 
ers will be sent to those desiring materials. The final 
date for publishers to fill orders is Feb. 7. The fol- 
lowing resource helps are available; Worship Service 
for Adults, 5 cents; Call to Prayer, 45 cents per hun- 
dred; Guide for Leaders, 15 cents; posters, 10 cents; 
dramatic presentation— Thy Will Be Done, 15 cents; 
Drama of World Day of Prayer, 25 cents; World Day 
of Prayer map, 25 cents; report blank and offering 
envelope, free; order blank, free. 

Manchester College 

The Lilly Endowment, Inc., recently made its sev- 
enth annual gift to Manchester College. The $30,000 
grant this vear represents an increase over the $13,500 
which the college received for the past several years. 
This grant is to be applied toward the current operating 
budget of the college for the present school )'ear. 

Nineteen Manchester College seniors have been 
named for listing in Who's Who in American Colleges 
and Universities. They are: Albert Bohnstedt, Colum- 
bia City, Ind.; Paul Burton, East Cleveland, Ohio; 
Ralph Bushong, Syracuse, Ind.; Jon Cullum, Mentone, 
Ind.; Barry Deardorff, Uniontown, Ohio; Wendell DOl- 
ing. North Manchester, Ind.; Ga\'le Durnbaugh, Wa- 
bash, Ind.; Robert Durnbaugh, Pontiac, Mich.; Neal 
Franks, Hartville, Ohio; Donald Godlevski, Lewistown, 
Pa.; Janet Hershberger, Middlebury, Ind.; Carol Hiller, 
Chicago, 111.; Jan Melvin, North Manchester, Ind.; Mark 

Murphy, Denver, Ind.; Ralph Naragon, North Liberty, 
Ind.; Joan Rinehart, Westminster, Md.; Gladden 
Schrock, Nappanee, Ind.; Romelle Swigart, Manassas, 
Va.; and Janet West, Middlebury, Ind. 

President Helman was one of the participants in the 
Indiana Governor's Conference on Education Beyond 
the High School, which was held at Indianapolis on 
Dec. 7. 

The annual leadership training school was held on 
the campus Oct. 28— Nov. 25. Two hundred three per- 
sons enrolled in seven courses this year as compared 
with an enrollment of 161 last year. This is the largest 
enrollment in the history of the training school. 

Recent chapel speakers included Dean Liston Pope 
of Yale Divinity School, Dr. Harold Ehrensperger of 
Boston Universitv School of Theology, and Dr. Ferdi- 
nand Friedensburg, Consul, Federal Republic of Ger- 
manv, from the German Consulate in Detroit. 

Donald Royer, head of the department of sociology, 
was among those chosen to read a research paper at the 
fifteenth meeting of the Society for the Scientific Study 
of Religion held at Harvard University on Nov. 2. His 
subject was The Nature of a Sect in Transition. 

Dr. Charles Morris, professor of physics, presented 
two research papers at the seventy-third annual meeting 
of the Indiana Academy of Science held at DePauw 
Universitv. He was sole author of the paper, Ph\'sics 
Research in a Small Institution. With Morris Firebaugh, 
a junior physics major, he co-authored the second paper, 
An Investigation of Gamma Radiation from SN"^. 

Thirty-one students from Manchester College at- 
tended the annual Brethren Student Christian Move- 
ment meeting held this year at Juniata College. 

One hundred high school students from thirteen 
high schools in Indiana participated in the mock 
United Nations Assemblv held on the campus Nov. 2. 

The Church Calendar 
January 19 

Sunday-school Lesson: Fellowship of the Church. Acts 
2:42-47; Rom. 15:1-9; Eph. 4:17-32; Phil. 1:3-11. Mem- 
ory Selection: Be kind to one another, tender-hearted, 
forgiving one another, as God in Christ forgave you. 
Eph. 4:32 (R.S.V.) 

Jan. 26-Feb. 2 Youth Week 

Jan. 27-28 Pennyslvania Council of Churches General 
Assembly, Pittsburgh 

Jan. 27-31 Ohio Pastor's Convention 

Feb. 3-7 Brethren youth seminar, Washington, D. C, 
and New York City 

Feb. 7 Race Relations Sunday 

Feb. 11-13 Spiritual Life Institute, Bridgewater Col- 
lege, Bridgewater, Va. 

Feb. 16-23 Brotherhood Week 

Feb. 18-21 Pacific Coast regional conference, Fresno, 

Feb. 19 Ash Wednesday 

Feb. 21 World Day of Prayer 

Feb. 23 Commitment Sunday 

JANUARY 18, 1958 



News and Comment From Around the World 

Fifth Airline Grants 
Special Clergy Fares 

The fifth U.S. aii- carrier to file 
a tariff with the Civil Aeronautics 
Board to provide reduced fares for 
cler£;\Tnen is Alleghenv Airlines 
which ser\'es cities in West Virginia, 
Penns)-lvania, New York, and New 
Jersey. Its main terminal is at Wash- 
ington, D. C. The reduction wUl 
amount to fifty per cent of the first- 
class fare for all points on the Alle- 
gheny s)'stem. 

Other airlines which have taken 
advantage of the new law permitting 
special clergy fares include one 
major trunk carrier. Northeast Air- 
lines, and tliree "local service" car- 
riers, Cordova Airlines in Alaska, 
Bonanza Airlines in Nevada and 
Central Airlines, which serves points 
in Kansas and the Midwest. Clergy 
fares are optional with the individual 

Religious Pacifists Bid 
Soviets Ban Nuclear Weapons 

Three religious pacifists handed a 
letter to the Soviet Embassy recently 
calling upon Russia to end the pro- 
duction and testing of "mass de- 
struction weapons." The delegation 
represented the Prayer and Con- 
science Vigil held under the auspices 
of pacifist groups as a protest against 
the continued manufacture and test- 
ing of nuclear weapons. 

In their letter the Vigil group chal- 
lenged the Soviet government to hold 
a "disarmament race." The group 
also planned to send a delegation to 
the British Embassy and present a 
similar appeal there. 

Uniting Presbyterian Mission 
Boards Adopt Joint Budget 

A joint budget of $11,366,000 for 
overseas missionary work has been 
adopted by the Boards of Foreign 
Missions of the Presbyterian Church 
in the U.S.A. and the United Presby- 
terian Church of North America. 

The two churches will merge at a 
uniting General Assembly to be held 
in Pittsburgh next May. The joint 
budget provides for the maintenance 
of more than 1,400 missionaries 
and fraternal workers serving with 
churches of 31 countries of Asia, 
Africa, Europe, and Latin America, 
and for about 135 reinforcements 
during 1958. 

Paris Mission Discusses 
Cameroons and Algeria 

Reports on current problems in 
the Cameroons and Algeria marked 
the General Assembly of the Paris 
Evangelical Missionary Society held 
recently in Geneva. The meeting 
was the first to be held in that city 
for twenty-seven years, and was 
widely regarded as underUning the 
society's international and ecumen- 
ical character. 

The district president of the 
French Reformed Church in Algeria 
said there was a growing need for 
missionaries equipped to carry on 
discussion with Muslim intellectuals. 
An Evangelical Institute for the 
studv of Islam is being planned. The 
Algerian crisis has forced many mis- 
sion stations to close, but others are 
carrying on and need new personnel. 



The Research Committee on 
Nursery Education in the Church 
of the Brethren, appointed jointly 
by the Bethany Hospital trustees 
and the Christian Education Com- 
mission, arranged a consultation on 
Nov. 1, on the Church and the Heal- 
ing Arts. About twenty-five repre- 
sentatives of the medical profession, 
as well as some ministers and pro- 
fessors, were on hand. The papers 
and discussion were recorded and 
made available to the research com- 
mittee. The picture above shows, 
clockwise around the table, Clyde 
Weaver, Protestant chaplain, Chi- 
cago Parental School; Dr. Curtis 
Bowman, chief staff physician, Beth- 
any Hospital and prominent Breth- 
ren churchman; Paul Haworth, 
pastor at Fostoria, Ohio; Robert 
Eshleman, professor at Franklin and 
Marshall College and committee 
chairman; Dr. Granger Westburg, 
professor of religion and health 
(joint appointment to medical and 
theological faculties) University of 
Chicago; A. Stauffer Curry, editor 
of church school publications and 
committee member; in the distance 
at another table is Nurse Rosemary 
Block Rose, former Brethren Serv- 
ice hospital administrator in Austria. 
Earl Carver, third committee mem- 
ber, is seated at another table. 

Drive Launched for 
Spiritual Goals Program 

A drive to raise $280,000 to pre- ; 
mote a twenty-year spiritual goals ] 
program of the Church Federation 
of Greater Chicago was launched 
here by a group of top business and 
civic leaders. i 

The money is being sought pri- 
marily for two projects. One is a 
research and planning program for 
urban Chicago. The other is an at- 
tempt to implement the Federation's 
plan for a stepped-up spiritual pro- 
gram in anticipation of a forty-five to 
fifty per cent population increase in 
the city by 1970. 

Housing Thwarts Archeologist 
Seeking Jeroboam's Temple 

A Biblical archeologist, who re- 
cently returned from the Holy Land, 
says that he knows where the ancient 
Temple of Jeroboam is located but 
cannot reach it. Dr. James L. Kelso 
of Pittsburgh, Pa., said the temple 
is buried under the southern edge of 
Bethel, twelve miles from Jerusalem, 
but that homes are so close together 
that any excavation work is impos- 

Bethel was the chief sanctuary of 
the Northern Kingdom of Judea fol- 
lowing the secession of ten tribes 
under Jeroboam, the rebel leader. 

Canadian Protestants Confer 
on Church Extension Programs 

Representatives of Canada's six 
major Protestant denominations met 
in Toronto to discuss how they can 
carry on church extension programs 
co-operatively and without any over- 
lapping of activities. Taking part 
were delegates of the United Church 
of Canada, the Church of England 
in Canada, the Baptist Federation of 
Canada, the Presbyterian Church in 
Canada, the Evangelical United 
Brethren, and the Churches of Christ 
(Disciples). Also attending were two 
Lutheran observers. 

Fund for the Republic to 
Conduct Religion Study 

The Fund for the Republic has 
appointed eight consultants to con- 
duct an inquiry into the role of re- 
ligion in American life. The study 
will deal with relations between 
church and state, the role of religion 
in public life, and religious dissent. 
Dr. Reinhold Niebuhr, vice-president 

Dedication services for the New Jacksonville church, Fla., were held on 
>fov. 24. Participating in the special activities for the day were J. M. Blough, 
ormer missionary to India, C. E. Bower, district field secretary for Florida, 
nd Kenneth I. Morse, editor of the Gospel Messenger, together with visitors 
rom other churches in the Florida District and representatives of Jackson- 
ille churches. John B. White is pastor of the church. The congregation was 
rganized in 1942. The new structure completes the first imit of a building 
irogram that will permit future expansion. The building is located in a resi- 
iential area of the city about one mile from the former location of the church. 
:'he new address is 4554 Prunty Street. 

if Union Theological Seminary, and 
''ather John Courtney Murray, pro- 
essor of theology at Woodstock Col- 
3ge, will co-ordinate the religion 

Ivangelical and Reformed 
Jhurch Adopts $600,000 
Vorld Service Budget 

A budget of $600,000 for the next 
ear was adopted by the Commission 
in World Service of the Evangelical 
nd Reformed Church. Half of this 
mount will go for relief and re- 
labilitation projects through Church 
Vorld Service and the World Coun- 
■il of Churches. 

A total of $60,000 will be spent to 
lid churches and people of the Re- 
ormed faith in countries of Eastern 
Lurope. Dr. Albert Schweitzer's hos- 
)ital in Lambarene will be among 
he beneficiaries of a $35,000 alloca- 
ion for work in Equatorial Africa. 

Dr. Franklin D. Slifer, vice-presi- 
lent of the commission, reported 
hat Evangelical and Reformed 
;hurches contribute more cash and 
nore animals to the Heifer Project, 
jic, than all other denominations 
)ut together. The commission helped 
o resettle more than 1,000 Hungar- 
an refugees during the past year. 

Seneva Lutheran Church 
^arks 250th Anniversary 

The Lutheran Church in Geneva, 
Switzerland, marked its 250th anni- 
/ersary on Sunday, Nov. 10, with 
special services and a sermon by 
Bishop Otto Dibelius of Berlin. 

Bishop Dibelius spoke of the hid- 
den fear which underlies the life of 
ill nations today, and said that there 
Is nothing for people to do but to 
live like Martin Luther, simply plac- 

ing themselves under the mercy of 
God and drawing comfort and se- 
curity from trust in him. 

Plan Traveling 
Religious Art Exhibit 

An exhibit entitled God and Man 
in Art will tour museums in ten 
cities over the country for one year 
under the auspices of the American 
Federation of Art, New York. The 
tour begins at the Museum of Fine 
Arts in Houston, Texas in March. 
The exhibit will comprise "significant 
religious works in the Judeo-Chris- 
tian tradition" produced during the 
last ten years by American artists, 
architects, and craftsmen. 

Mennonites Urge Religious 
Instruction in Manitoba Schools 

Religious instruction in Manitoba 
public schools has been urged by 
two Mennonite groups in briefs sub- 
mitted to the Ro}'al Commission on 
Education. The committee proposed 
that religious education be given to 
all pupils except those whose parents 
wish them to be excused. 

Instruction should be handled by 
qualified persons acceptable to the 
community. The Royal Commission 
was appointed to probe all aspects 
of provincial education up to the 
12th grade. 

News Briefs 

The Georgia Council of Churches 

recently adopted a Declaration on 
Race Relations based on the one 
issued by eighty white Atlanta Prot- 
estant clergymen. It urges obedience 
to law, preservation of the public 
schools, protection of free speech, 
and the maintenance of communica- 
tion between white and Negro lead- 

The meditation and prayer room; 

at the United Nations has been re- 
opened to the public after being 
enlarged and artistically decorated. 
The room is intended for the use of 
delegates and visitors to the UN. 
More than 300,000 persons have vis- 
ited the room for prayer or medita- 
tion since it was opened in 1952. 

The National Council of Churches 

has received a gift of $50,000 from 
John D. Rockefeller, Jr., for the pur- 
pose of strengthening the church's 
ministry in the nation's national 
parks. Under the council's program, 
college and seminarv students serve 
hundreds of thousands of summer 
tourists and staff personnel in twen- 
ty-four national parks and monu- 

The Dutch Ecumenical Council 

has adopted the declarations on atom 
bomb experiments and disarmament 
passed by the Central Committee of 
the World Council of Churches last 
summer. In a letter addressed to the 
government of The Netherlands, the 
council stressed the great importance 
of these two ecumenical documents 
in forming public opinion. 

The Quakers in Norway have in- 
formed the Norwegian parhament 
and the government of their concern 
about the fact that Norway has ac- 
cepted the offer to receive guided 
missiles as a means of strengthening 
its military defenses. 

Over 120 pastors in the Swedish 
Lutheran Church have issued a 
warning against the acquisition of 
atomic weapons by the Swedish 
armed forces. The statement stresses 
that atomic bombs endanger the 
safety of a country rather than 
strengthen it. 

Quaker Health and Welfare Work 

in Yugoslavia which was discontin- 
ued following the last war is being 
resumed. The American Friends 
Service Committee and the British 
Friends Service Council have named 
an occupational therapist to serve 

The government of Northern Ni- 
geria has pledged continued financial 
aid to Christian missionaries in this 
predominantly Moslem area. The 
statement issued by the office of the 
Prime Minister said the government 
"welcomes the extensive education 
program" carried on by missionaries 
and stressed that all persons in the 
region are free to practice their re- 
ligion according to conscience. 

JANUARY 18, 1958 








Basic subjects ore studied to- 
gether by men and women. They 
study specialized skills separate- 
ly. Several of the outstanding 
students have been women. 
Some wives have to begin their 
course by becoming literate. 
Women who do not have the 
necessary prerequisites for the 
course get a certificate for such 
work as they complete it 


Photos by Andrew Holderreed 

Brethren in India are con- 
nected with two union theolog- 
ical schools. Gujarat Union 
School of Theology, Ahmeda- 
bad, is a Gujarati-language 
school operated jointly by 
Brethren, Presbyterians and 
Methodists. The United School 
of Theology, Poona, is a Mara- 
thi-language school which was 
described in the Gospel Mes- 
senger of Dec. 7, 1957. We 
give financial support and send 
students to both schools. 

Homemaking skills are shared 
■with the student ministers' wives, 
who will share in turn in the com- 
munities where they serve when 
student days are over 



-The Church of Work 

Right, top. Dr. Reid Graham, principal of 
Union Theological College. Poona, teaching 

Right, bottom, individual study and research 
are basic to good scholarship everywhere 

udents are given supervised practice in preach- 
g and in field work assignments where they 
serve as they learn 

s most students live on the campus, a bicycle 
important for traveling to and from outlying 
points of service 

JANUARY 18, 1958 


Toward His Kingdom 


The teacher supervises the study) 
of the boys at Bulsar hostell 

- '■"^ ^ - ^ ^■' 

Theological Training in India 

The evangelists of the Anklesvar area take books and 
pamphlets from the loan library supplied for their use 



Records show that fifteen Breth- 
ren men and their families have 
completed the theological courses 
in the schools at Ahmedebad on 
Poena. Of these, five are novr« 
pastors; five evangelists; two 
teachers; one a church adminis- 
trator; one a hospital chaplain; 
one a worker in religious educa- 
tion and literature 


The Church at Work 

Group worship, and 

family and personal 

devotional life are 

strengthened in the 

theological school 


family housing xmit 

It United Theological 

ollege. Poona. Most 

: the students live on 

campus with their 


Toward His Kingdom- 

Adult Workshop at Pittsburgh 

Rufus B. King 

A WORKSHOP on the Chris- 
tian Education of Adults has 
been announced for June 16- 
27, at the University of Pittsburgh, 
with the joint sponsorship of the 
National Council of Churches, 
U.S.A. The latter is represented in 
the sponsorship bv the Adult Com- 
mittee of the Division of Christian 
Education, of which A. Wilson 
Cheek is the director. Dr. Lawrence 
C. Little, head of the Department of 
Religious Education at Pittsburgh, 
represents that institution as co-di- 
rector of the workshop. 

The workshop is designed (1) to 
chart new directions for the Chris- 
tian education of adults in the 
denominations and agencies repre- 
sented in the National Council of 
Churches, and (2) to develop re- 
sources which will enable university 
and theological seminary depart- 
ments of religious education to 
strengthen their programs of lead- 
ership education. 

Specifically it will seek: 

L To study the nature and needs 
of adults todav in the light of knowl- 
edge and insights gained from re- 
search in such fields as anthropology, 
education, psychology, psychothera- 
py, sociology, and theology. 

2. To reconsider recent trends in 
adult education and their bearings 
upon Christian education; and thus 
to clarify the concept, "Christian ed- 
ucation for adults." 

3. To develop the outline of a 
more adequate philosophy of Chris- 
tian education for adults. 

4. To explore the implications of 
this philosophy for the selection and 
training of leaders and for the de- 
velopment of curricula. 

5. To formulate a statement of 
the objectives of Christian education 
for adults. 

Adult education has been a focus 
of attention during recent years by 
an increasing number of educational 
and religious agencies. A rapidly 
accumulating body of literature deals 
with its problems and possibilities. 
Recent research in a number of re- 
lated fields has direct bearing upon 
understanding of adult potentialities 

and might provide a basis for new 
prospectives and dimensions. Chris- 
tian education could be greatly 
strengthened by its leaders giving 
concerted and critical study to all of 
these resources. 

Adults are included in the educa- 
tional programs of church schools 
and other local church agencies in 
every community in the nation. The 
total of these constitutes the largest 
number of adults engaged in any 
single type of adult education. It is 
important that this vast movement 
be related significantly to other na- 
tional programs in adult education. 

Five Invited 

The Church of the Brethren has 
been invited to propose a maximum 
of five persons to the workshop. The 
participants should be vitally inter- 
ested in adult education and be in 
a leadership position. Graduate stu- 
dents who have developed special 
competence in research and who 
have an interest in the adult field 
will also have an opportunity to ap- 
ply. If desired, two semester hours 
of graduate credit may be arranged 

Leaders who have accepted in- 
vitations as special consultants are: 
Malcolm S. Knowles, executive di- 
rector, Adult Education Association, 
U.S.A.; Earl Loomis, professor of 
psychotherapy and religion. Union 
Theological Seminary, New York; 
Daniel Day Williams, professor of 
Christian theology. Union Theolog- 
ical Seminary, New York; Jov Elmer 

Morgan, editor of Senior Citizenj 
Washington, D.C.; W. Lloyd Warn- 
er, professor of anthropology and 
sociology. University of Chicago; 
and Goodwin B. Watson, professoi 
of education. Teachers College, Co- 
lumbia University, N. Y. 

The writer participated in th^ 
general planning for the workshop; 
It is his viewpoint that the workshop 
has the potential for one of the most 
significant events of our time in 
charting a future program of Chris- 
tian education for adults. 

Apply Now 

The cost of the workshop has been 
set at $50.00 for tuition and $75.00 
for board and room. Church of the 
Brethren leaders who would be in- 
terested in attending should contact 
the Adult Department, Genera] 
Brotherhood Board, 22 S. State 
Street, Elgin, 111., by Jan. 25. The: 
workshop is being developed on a 
budget of $20,000 with anticipated 
Foundation support. It is expected- 
that some tuition scholarships will' 
be available. 



Recreation Workshop 

Donna Kaser 
IVE me an idea for a party, 
We're always doing thei 
same old thing!" Do thesei 
remarks sound familiar? There arei 
solutions for this situation and 1 
would like to introduce you to am 
excellent one. 

Plan a recreational workshop^ 
The young adult class at the Elgin 
church decided this was one meth-' 
od of gaining new insights into 
recreation, learning new crafts and 



Standards for All Church School Leaders 

The following standards were adopted bij the Christian educatiori 
commission of the Panorama City Church of the Brethren, Calif., Septembe\ 
1957 . Other local churches will find them practical, too. 

THE prospective leader in the church school must be one who professes 
faith in Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior, who holds allegiance to hin 
in life and conduct, and who has an open heart for Christian growtt 
and development. In addition: 

He must have a deep love and concern for those he leads. 
He must be a member of this church or plan to join soon. 
He must be able to attend regularly. 

He must be approved by the Christian education commission. 
He must teach the Brethren graded curriculum, using methods ap 
proved by the Christian education commission, up to and including thi 
junior high department. Any change in high school or adult material shoul( 
be approved by the Christian education commission. 

He must make every effort to attend the teacher-training course 
offered by our local church and our district. 



-The Church at Work 

mes. The outreach committee of 
is class did the necessary plan- 
ag. An outstanding local leader 

recreation and crafts was con- 
:;ted and invited to serve as our 
ider for the day. On each of the 
o Sundays preceding the Satur- 
y that had been selected for the 
)rkshop, an announcement in the 
urch bulletin urged all who were 
:erested to take part in this one- 
y learning experience. 
The Saturday morning session be- 
n at 9:30. Ancient table games 
)re introduced. These games can 

purchased or homemade (here 
another possibility for a party— 
iking games). Learning to make 
iristmas decorations was another 
iture of the forenoon. 
For the meals, it was planned 
it each person would bring his 
^n sack lunch for the noon meal 
d that a fellowship evening meal 
)uld be prepared in the church 
chen. Discussion and table 
mes were a part of the fellowship 
both mealtimes. 

The afternoon was divided into 
isions of wood chipping, copper 
;tal tooling, choral reading, and 
k games. There were other inter- 
:s we had hoped to investigate, 
t time did not permit our doing 
From this one-day workshop 
30 a.m. to 7:00 p.m.) we learned 

Photo by / ' 

BiU Smith 

to do activities new to us, learned 
new twists to old games, and gained 
a deeper appreciation of crafts and 
games. We realized more fully that 
wholesome recreation must be a 
vital part of the ongoing church 

The Pulpit Viewpoint 

This is the way the church 

some times looks to 

the pastor when he 

goes into the 

pulpit. There is no 

inspiration in empty 
benches and there's 

something wrong 

when the congregation 

looks like this. 

Come to church regularly. 

This is the way it ought to look 
at every service, and it will if every- 
one does his part by coming himself 
and bringing a friend or two. We 
have over four hundred resident 
members and every one of them 
should be in church every Sunday. 
If everyone came every Sunday, 
then every pew would be filled. 
We would have a new preacher 
and a new congregation. Let's try 
it out. If everyone will be in church 
every Sunday, we will have 
standing room only. Come! — from 
Newsletter, Northern Illinois and 
Wisconsin, June 1956. 

llowship through 
Teation extends 

beyond periods 
ucating for 

Teation is a vita] 
rt oJ the church's 

What they say about 

The . 

I took a week of my vacation 
and went to the seminar. I've never 
regretted it. The whole thing was 
a wonderful experience. 

—Shirley Ferguson 
Xenia, Ohio 

One of the things about daily 
living of interest to nearly every- 
body is the newspaper. One of the 
reasons for my attending the Adult 
Seminar was to get a ghmpse "be- 
hind the scenes" in Washington to 
discover how much of what we read 
is fact and how much fancy. I 
found the answer to my wonder- 
ing—the truth is often printed, but 
usually it is presented in the light 
that is most favorable to the report- 
er, depending on his interests, 
background, and beliefs. 

The experience of participating in 
a seminar is valuable, for in it one 
learns much about our government 
in a very short time. 

—Thoinas E. Shoemaker 
Smithville, Ohio 

Many more of our members 
should avail themselves of the op- 
portunity to attend a seminar. 
—Mrs. Nora Hojfman 
Windber, Pa. 

This seminar was a wonderful, 
rich experience, in company with 
a friendly, genial group of Chris- 
tians, that will be long remembered. 
Many things will remain long in my 
memory, but as of now, this obser- 
vation, which is not original, re- 
mains uppermost: The price that 
men pay for not being active in 
government is to be governed by 
men lower than themselves. 
—John Golbij 
President of National 
Laymen's Organization 
of the Brethren Church 

It was with no small measme 
of apprehension that I was prevailed 
upon to attend the Adult Seminar 

JANUARY 18, 1958 


Toward His Kingdom- 

in 1957. Three women from our 
local church wanted to attend and 
needed one more to make a four- 
some. Whereas I had been some- 
what reluctant to get the consent 
of my mind to going, I found the 
experience most rewarding and en- 
lightening. I came away from the 
seminar experience with a new and 
deeper interest m our country and 
with a greater degree of tolerance 
for our leaders and their many per- 
plexing problems. 

—Mrs. Roy S. Forney 
Martinsburg, Pa. 

Too Important for Generals 

As I think back over my experi- 
ence at the 1957 Adult PoHtical 
Seminar, the words of Warren 
MuUin, foreign affairs editor of the 
Kiphnger Newsletter, ring with a 
new meaning in my ears. "War is 
too important to be left to generals." 

As a pacifist I would change these 
words to state "Peace is too impor- 
tant to be left to generals." 

If there was any one thing which 
I grasped at seminar, it was the 
importance of the individual citizen 
in planning for peace. I have one 
vote; all American citizens of age 
have one vote. If we go to the 
polls and cast that one vote, which 
not all Americans bother to do, we 
feel that our obligation and our 
influence supporting good govern- 
ment and peace has ended. At this 
seminar while talking to our con- 
gressmen I found that my influence 
toward good government is only 
starting when I cast my vote at the 

In the ofiice of Leo Allen, repre- 
sentative from Illinois, I was told 
that every letter that came to his 
oflBce for or against some con- 
gressional legislation was counted as 
representing six hundred votes. In 
other words, for every one person 
who cares enough to write into the 
ofiice to voice their opinion, there 
are approximately six hundred who 
feel the same way, but do not care 
enough to write their views. 

My feeling since the political 
seminar is that we as Christians 
have an obligation to God and 
to our country to vote intelligently, 
to voice our opinions, to infiuence 
our congressmen in the direction 
of good government, world peace, 
and lasting freedoms for all. 



Gary Williams 

A visit to the 

United Nations in 

New York foUo'ws 

the sessions in 

Washington to 

round out a 

compact Seminar 


I would hope that all Brethren 
people could have the same oppor- 
tunity which my wife and I had 
at last spring's Adult Seminar. I 
feel sure that as more and more 
of our church people see the over- 
whelming infiuence we can have 
toward good in our government and 
in our world, they will join with 
me in saying, "Peace is too impor- 
tant to be left to generals!" 
—Karl W. Baldner 
Pastor, Milledgeville, 111. 

A Seminar Program 

Since the program for the March 3-7, 
1958, Adult Seminar and the Feb. 3-7, 
1958, Youth Seminar are still in the 
process of formation, we present here a 
description of some items from the 1957 
program and some proposed items for 
the 1958 program. Please note that this 
is not the final program for 1958. 
Every effort is made to present a non- 
partisan program and one of particular 
interest to Brethren. 


7:30 Registration, Washington City 
Church of the Brethren 

9:00 World Problems, American De- 
mocracy, and Christian Faith 
11:00 Current Issues of Interest to 
Christian Citizens 
— C. Leroy Doty, Jr., Executive 
Secretary, National Service Board 
for Religious Objectors 

1:30 U. S. S. R. and U. S. A. Relations 
The Middle East Situation 
—State Department Officials, at 
State Department 

3:30 Visit to foreign embassies: 
India, Egypt, Pakistan, Italy 

4:00 Visit to National Service Boan 
for Religious Objectors 

7:30 Two Approaches to Disarmamerii 
-William J. Gehron, Whit 
House Disarmament Staff 
—Anna Lee Stewart, Women 
International League for Peae 
and Freedom 


8:30 Interviews with legislators 
10:00 Visit Committee Hearings, Whit 
House, Senate, House, Suprem 
Court, Library of Congress, Na 
tional Archives, National Caller i 
of Art, and Smithsonian Institut 

7:30 The Democratic Program in Com 

— WiUiam Melch, Director oi 
Research, Democratic Nation 

The Republican Program i 
—Henry Balivet, Administrativ 
Assistant to Senator Flanderii 


9:00 What Should Be America's Ft 
ture Agricultural Policy? 
— Rufus King, Director of Men' 
Work and Adult Work, Churc 
of the Brethren Representativt 
of Farm Bureau, Farmers Unioi' 
National Grange 

10:00 Present-day Issues in Temperanc 
and Moral Welfare 
—James Hamilton, Methodit 
Board of Temperance 
—Carl Perion, Senate Subconi 
mittee on Delinquency 

11:00 Two Approaches to Racial Int< 

—Clarence Mitchell, Director ( 
the Washington Chapter of tt 
National Association for the Ac 
vancement of Colored People 




AlTerial aid 

Project-of-the-Month for January 

Bob McKay, writing from Nigeria, expresses the satisfaction of the 
issions Rural Development Committee with the experimental garden seed 
oject. The seeds are distributed in connection with the missions rural 
ience courses. "They provide real encouragement for the people to 
oduce better vegetables for themselves," writes Bob McKay. These are 
5 seeds recommended by the Rural Development Committee: 


Vegetable Variety 

4 oz. sweet corn Golden Bantam 

/4 oz. cucumbers Marketeer 

ii OZ. sweet pepper Calif, wonder 

/4 oz. flowers Marigold or Zinnia 
oz. green beans Ky. Wonder 

fe varieties suggested are preferred; however, any good nonhybrid variety 
icceptable ( hybrid varieties do not reproduce ) . 

The Seeds-of-Hope packet of previous years has been modified by 
Igestion of our overseas personnel: Half-pound each of bush lima beans, 
;en peas, string beans. Half-ounce each of cabbage, carrot, lettuce, 
ion (seed), radish, tomatoes, parsley and red beets. 

Harlan Mummert writing from Austria comments that the self-help 
ture of the seed program is most desirable because the recipient must also 
;rt a certain eflFort to fully realize the value of the gift. 

Our people in Nigeria and Austria responsible for this work have 
(nested earlier shipment of the seeds; for this reason the deadline date 
Feb. 1 has been set. Additional information is available by writing to 
rector, Material Aid Services, New Windsor, Md. 




oz. carrots 


oz. tomatoes 


oz. collards 


oz. bush lima 


—Benjamin Segal, President, Lo- 
cal 189 American Federation of 
Teachers, and Trade Union Con- 
sultant, Fund for the Republic 

30 How All of This Concerns Us at 

Through Brethren Service 
—Ralph E. Smeltzer, Director of 
Social Education, Brethren Serv- 
ice Commission 
Through Women's Work 
—Anna Warstler, Director of 
Women's Work, Christian Edu- 
cation Commission 
Through Men's Work 
— Rufus King, Director of Men's 
Work, Christian Education Com- 

30 Techniques of Effective Christian 
Political Education and Action 
Panel: C. Leroy Doty, Ralph E. 
Smeltzer, and Warren Griffiths, 
Friends Committee on National 

30 Special Interest Groups on Reli- 
gious Liberty, Selective Service 
and Conscientious Objectors, 
Labor - Management Relations, 
Health Education and Welfare, 
and Indian Americans 

30 A Christian Reporter Looks at 

—Warren Mullin, Foreign Affairs 
Editor, Kiplinger Newsletter 

)0 To New York, tour of United 
Nations Building 

)0 The Church's Relationship to the 

—Kenneth Maxwell, National 

Council of Churches 
8:00 Two Approaches to Aggression, 

Security, Peace and Justice 

—William Clancy, Church Peace 


—John M. Swomley, Fellowship 

of Reconciliation 
10:00 Visit to UN Delegations: 

England, Israel, Hungary, Po- 
land, Russia 
1:00 The United Nations: How It 


—Staff of the United Nations 
2:00 Purpose, Achievements, Hopes 

of the UN 

—Dr. Andrew Cordier, Executive 

Assistant to the UN Secretary 

General and Church of the 

Brethren minister 
3:00 Attend Council and committees 

of the United Nations 
4:30 Evaluating the Seminar 

Interpreting the Seminar to the 

Folks at Home 

Knock and It Shall Be Opened 
Unto You is a new sixty-page illus- 
trated report of the refugee resettle- 
ment program of the denominations 
in Church World Service under the 
Refugee Relief Act of 1953-57. It 
is available from the General Broth- 
erhood Board or Brethren Service 
Immigration Services Ofiice, New 
Windsor, Md. 

Mr. and Mrs. James Arbaugh, active 
church members of the Blue Ridge 
church, Thurmont, Md., observed their 
fiftieth wedding anniversary on Dec. 1, 
1957. They have two daughters.— Mrs. 
Philip Kulp, Thurmont, Md. 

Mr. and Mrs. Phares M. Habecker of 
Mechanic Grove, Pa., celebrated their 
fifty-seventh wedding anniversary on 
Nov. 8, 1957. They have been faithful 
members of the Mechanic Grove church 
for many years.— Mrs. Clayton E. Kreid- 
er, Quarryville, Pa. 

Mr. and Mrs. Benjamin F. Mohler of 
Lititz, Pa., celebrated their sixty-second 
wedding anniversary on Sept. 1, 1957. 
They are members of the Lititz church 
and have served in the office of deacon. 
They have five children, twelve grand- 
children, and fourteen great-grandchil- 
dren. —Mrs. Ernest D. Shenk, Lititz, Pa. 

Mr. and Mrs. Homer Sturgis of Lititz, 
Pa., observed their golden wedding an- 
niversary on Sept. 19, 1957. They are 
the parents of one son and two daugh- 
ters.— Mrs. Ernest D. Shenk, Lititz, Pa. 

Mr. and Mrs. William E. Shank cele- 
brated their golden wedding anniver- 
sary on Nov. 10, 1957. They have three 
children and two grandchildren.— Mrs. 
W. Russell Miller, Brookville, Ohio. 

Mr. and Mrs. Ralph Thomas celebrat- 
ed their golden wedding anniversary on 
Oct. 20, 1957. They have one daughter, 
two sons, and three grandchildren. 
They have been faithful workers in 
the church for many years.— Mattie E. 
Thomas, Nezperce, Idaho. 

Brother and Sister J. Edson Ulery 
celebrated their sixtieth wedding armi- 
versary on Aug. 25, 1957. They both 
had their eighty-fourth birthdays during 
the past summer.— Alma Wise, Onek- 
ama, Mich. 


Brewer, Katie Marie, the daughter of 
Seth Aaron and Katie Doner Hoke, was 
born on Oct. 25, 1888, near Dayton, 
Ohio, and died Nov. 8, 1957. She at- 
tended Manchester College and taught 
public school about ten years. She was 
united in marriage to Arthur Brewer on 
March 3, 1920. She became a member 
of the Oakland church in 1907. During 
the years, she found many ways of serv- 
ing Christ through work of the church 
—teaching Sunday school and attending 
the services regularly even after she 
could no longer hear what was being 
said. She is survived by her husband, 
a daughter, a son, four grandchildren, 
four brothers, and seven sisters. Fu- 
neral services were held in the Oakland 
church by the undersigned.— J. Earl 
Hostetter, Gettysburg, Ohio. 

Brownsberger, Estella A., was bom 
April 14, 1887, in Perrysburg, Ohio, 

JANUARY 18, 1958 


"I compile a list of the 

drinking people I have 

known. Two score of 

them went to their doom, 

eleven as suicides. This 

is their story." 
by Upton Sinclair 

The Cup of Fury 


"I was raised in a virtual sea of 
liquor," writes Upton Sinclair. 
"First it was my father. Then no 
fewer than three of my uncles. 
Then one friend after another, all 
of them destroying themselves." 

Upton Sinclair has written The 
Cup of Fury as a warning to his 
nation. In his book are the intimate, 
personal, revealing stories of men 
and women like Jack London, Dylan 
Thomas, Sinclair Lewis, O. Henry, 
Stephen Crane, Isadora Duncan, 
Maxwell Bodenheim, William Sea- 
brook, and others — many others, 
friends and colleagues whose "mod- 
erate drinking" became uncontrolla- 
ble alcoholism. 

The Cup of Fury is a documented, 
slashing expose of the whiskey in- 
dustry and its attempt to make 
drinking a "social grace." It is a 
poignant record of despair and 
degradation caused by drink. It is 
a uniquely startling and impas- 
sioned book. It is. in sum, one of 
the most eloquent, inspiring and 
unsparing works of Upton Sinclair's 
long and eventful literary career. 



Elgin, Illinois 

and died Nov. 6, 1957, at her home in 
La Verne, Cahf. Her husband preceded 
her in death. She is survived by five 
daughters, four sons, a brother, four 
sisters, twenty-six grandchildren, and 
eighteen great-grandchildren. Funeral 
services were held in the Todd Memori- 



al north chapel by the undersigned. 
Interment was in the Evergreen ceme- 
tery.— Galen B. Ogden, La Verne, Calif. 
Cable, John, son of Sam and Emma 
Hook Cable, was born Jan. 1, 1891, in 
Whitley County, Ind., and died Nov. 5, 
1957. He was married to Bertha Metz- 
ger Dec. 28, 1912. Surviving are his 
wife, three sons, seven grandchildren, 
two brothers, and four sisters. Funeral 
services were conducted by Bro. Ausby 
Swinger at the Miller funeral home. 
Interment was in the South Whitley 
cemetery.— Mrs. Charles Wine, South 
Whitley, Ind. 

Cullen, Julia Dell, was born Dec. 18, 
1861, in Indiana, and died Nov. 7, 1957, 
at her home in La Verne, Calif. She 
was married in 1887. Her husband pre- 
ceded her in death in 1946. Surviving 
are one son, four daughters, a brother, 
two sisters, eight grandchildren, and 
fourteen great-grandchildren. Funeral 
services were held in the La Verne 
church by the undersigned. Interment 
was in the Evergreen cemetery.— Galen 
B. Ogden, La Verne, Calif. 

Davis, Anna Mary, daughter of John 
and Catherine Cleaver Pifer, was born 
Oct. 27, 1873, and died March 5, 1957. 
She was the wife of Joseph A. Davis for 
si.xty-three years. She was a member of 
the Upper Conewago church. She is 
survived by her husband, one son, four 
daughters, and two brothers. Funeral 
services were conducted at the Lati- 
more meetinghouse near York Springs, 
Pa., by Elders George W. Hull and J. 
Monroe Danner. Burial was in the ad- 
joining cemetery.— Frances E. Shaffer, 
East Berlin, Pa. 

Jacobs, Richard J. died on May 4, 
1957. He is survived by his wife, Mary, 
a son, and three grandchildren. Serv- 
ices were conducted in Baltimore, Md., 
by the undersigned, and at the Sanger- 
ville church by Brethren E. J. Howe, 
I. S. Long, and Jacob Replogle. Burial 
was at Sangerville, Va.— David J. Mark- 
ley, Baltimore, Md. 

Garber, Daniel Benjamin, son of J. A. 
and Mary Elizabeth Myers Garber, was 
born March 2, 1879, and died July 15, 
1957. He was a member of the 
Waynesboro church, serving as deacon, 
minister, and elder. He attended 
Bridgewater College and then served as 
pastor of five churches in Highland 
County. He retired from active min- 
istry in 1944. He was married to Anna 
Catherine Wampler on Dec. 22, 1902. 
After his wife's death, he was mar- 
ried to Nora B. Crickenberger on May 
14, 1940. Funeral services were held 
in the Waynesboro church, Va., with 
burial in the Greenmount cemetery.— 
Charles J. Whitacre, Waynesboro, Va. 
Keller, George E., .son of Franklin B. 
and Afanna Krumlauf Keller, died Aug. 
16, 1957, at the age of eighty-two years. 
His wife was Ellen S. Keller. He was a 
member of the Lititz church. Surviving 
are a sister and two stepdaughters. Fu- 
neral services were held at the Spacht 
funeral home in Lititz by Bro. E. Floyd 

McDowell. Interment was in Kellers' 
cemetery, Springville, Pa.— Mrs. Ernest 
D. Shenk, Lititz, Pa. 

Knierim, Frederick C, son of Adami 
and Mary Meyer Knierim, was bomi 
near Brookville, Ohio, on Nov. 24, 1882,' 
and died Oct. 28, 1957. In his youth, he 
united with the church and served asi 
a deacon for twenty-six years. He was! 
married to Ola Wandle for fifty years 
last April. Surviving are his wife, five 
children, nine grandchildren, and on^i 
great-grandchild. Funeral services werej 
held by Brethren J. W. Fidler and 
Fred Hollingshead at the Brookvillel! 
church.— Mrs. W. Russell Miller, Brook4 
ville, Ohio. 

Koones, Dorothy Jean, daughter oi 
David W. and Florine Caar Koones, was 
born in Roaring Spring, Pa., Dec. 18, 
1927, and died Oct. 21, 1957. She at-i 
tended the Roaring Spring church. She 
is survived by her parents, one sister, 
and two grandparents. Funeral serv- 
ices were held in the Thompson funeral 
home by Bro. Berkey Knavel. Burial 
was in the Fairview cemetery, Martins- 
burg, Pa.— Mrs. Lena M. Hoover, Roar 
ing Spring, Pa. 

McCune, F. E., son of Robert Frank-* 
lin and Mary Ellen Rowland McCune,' 
was born Aug. 15, 1882, and died at 
Valparaiso, Ind., Nov. 9, 1957. He was 
married to Ona May Hogan on Augo 
27, 1913. He attended McPherson Col- 
lege, Ottawa University, and Bethany 
Biblical Seminary. His career included 
teaching in public schools in addition to 
six pastorates. He was elected to the 
ministry in October 1906 and ordained 
to eldership in 1915. Surviving are 
his wife and two sons. Interment was 
in Chesterton cemetery, Ind.— Edward 
E. Lyons, Michigan City, Ind. 

McGwin, Thomas, was bom Nov. 2, 
1878, in Riceville, Iowa, and died Nov. 
13, 1957, in North Liberty, Ind. He 
was married to Marie Jensen Good oE 
Dec. 6, 1916. He is survived by hii 
wife, three daughters, and four sons!| 
Funeral services were held in the Nortb| 
Liberty church by Brethren Melvii 
Ritchey and Ervin Weaver. Burial wa! 
in the Westlawn cemetery.- Mrs. Rutl' 
Burkholder, North Liberty, Ind. 

Church News 

Middle Missouri 

Turkey Creek— Our present pastor 
Warren Campbell, is the grandson o: 
Bro. James Campbell, who was instru- 
mental in the building of our church 
His son, Bro. C. C. Campbell, is a dea. 
con. Our young people organized i 
community youth group last springs 
which meets every two weeks for dis 
cussion of timely topics. Two havi 
been baptized and two received b;i 
letter. At a recent council meeting, i 
committee was named for planning thi 
remodeling of the church building.- 
Mrs. Laura Campbell, Fristoe, Mo. 

Warrensburg— District meeting fo 
Middle Missouri was held at the War 

isburg church in late September. 
D. Donald Rowe was our guest 
;aker. Our church conducted an 
;ry-member canvass this fall which 
ulted in an excellent response to the 
dget for the coming year. The wom- 
s work group is having a period of 
jle study as a part of their monthly 
-day work program. A number of the 
:n attended the district men's rally at 
ceola. Four of our young people 
re present at the state youth rally at 
ittsburg. Clifton Baile was elected 
!sident of the state CBYF. Martha 
uise Baile is in BVS this year serving 
tlie Elgin Brotherhood offices. Floyd 
ntz of Kansas City was the speaker 
the week's preaching mission. A 
ir-round evangelism program is being 
nned by the official board and the 
icon body.— Mrs. George R. Scott, 
irrensburg, Mo. 

Southern Missouri 
Vlountain Grove— Bro. R. L. Gass has 
;n retained as pastor for the coming 
II. Seven children were dedicated 
Sept. 22. Several attended the coun- 

and fellowship meeting at Green- 
od on Oct. 18. The ladies' aid is 
ping to sponsor Juanita Fike, student 
;hangee in Germany. Bro. Herald 
ss, son of our pastor, has filled tlie 
Ipit on Sunday evenings when his 
her was holding revival meetings in 
ler churches. The film, Spht Level 
mily, was shown on family night Oct. 

preceding the Halloween party. A 
e feast was held on Nov. 6.— Mrs. 
is Hurlbut, Mountain Grove, Mo. 


Lincoln— The juniors and junior highs 
our church attended Camp Schwarz- 
lu July 14-21. A district rally, at 
lich Bro. Ed Duncan spoke, was held 

the camp on July 21. On August 
-17 our youth were in camp. At our 
1 council meeting officers were elect- 

for the new church year. Mrs. Nel- 
1 Van Dyke was chosen Messenger 
rrespondent. SLx delegates repre- 
ited our church at the district meet- 
; at the Bethel church on Sept. 20-22. 
1 Aug. 20 members and friends of the 
ngregation met for a farewell to Bro. 
mneth Yingst and his family before 
sy left to serve the Boulder Hill com- 
mity in Northern Illinois. On Sept. 1, 
o. Donald L. Kline came to our 
urch as interim pastor and on Sept. 

Bro. John Wieand, pastor of the 
naha church, officiated at the installa- 
m services for the Klines. The service 
IS followed by a reception in the fel- 
Afship hall. Two have been baptized 
iring the past quarter. On Sept. 29 
; had promotion for our Sunday- 
fiool pupils and the annual church 
yalty dinner.— Mrs. Mary Ann Eberly, 
ncoln, Nebr. 

North Dakota and Montana 
Peasant Valley-On July 21 eleven 
ere baptized. Anna Rosa, a student 
Dm Puerto Rico at MoPherson College, 

Catherine Marshall's inspiring 

A stirring personal story of one woman's deep 
belief in God and His Love. A message of hope for 
the bereaved, and one which will provide an in- 
spiring answer for all with problems. $3.95 



and the Raymond Flora family of Mc- 
Pherson helped to make our junior 
camp interesting. On the evening of 
Aug. 4 the young people had a lunch- 
eon at the church and Anna Rosa talked 
about Puerto Rico. The church has de- 
cided to use the envelope system again 
and to work toward an every-member 
canvass. On Sept. 29, the film. Again 
Pioneers, was shown at the family night, 
when the men entertained the women. 
On Oct. 7 Harl Russell of Elgin, 111., 
held two meetings on stewardship. On 
Oct. 13 we had Rev. Dale Luther of 
Rugby as guest speaker at our harvest 
meeting. Later in the afternoon, the 
parsonage was dedicated.— Mrs. Anna 
Long, York, N. Dak. 

Southern Illinois 
Decatur— Our church entertained the 
district meeting this year. Our new 
building is about finished with the ex- 
ception of a few minor details. Our 
Sunday offerings reached $462.77 for 
last year. For the first month of this 
year the average was $442.75. A suc- 
cessful every-member canvass resulted 
in commitments of $444 per Sunday. 
Average attendance for morning wor- 
ship was 164 for October. For the 
church school, 139. The church is co- 
operating with the other churches in a 
city-wide survey and will be host to a 
meeting of the national Christian mis- 
sion at which Brother Lewallen will be 
guest leader. On Nov. 3, Ida Helgen of 
Haiti spoke at the morning worship 
service. On Nov. 10 Bruce Turner gave 
a report of the peace institute at Beth- 
any Seminary. Eleven from our church 
have attended the leadership training 
classes sponsored by the Decatur Coun- 
cil of Churches. Six teachers completed 
a year of Fellowship of Growth-in- 
Service and were given recognition at 
the district meeting. Eight of our teach- 
ers were present at an area children's 
workers' conference, held in the Oakley 
church on Nov. 2.— H. P. Clannin, De- 
catur, 111. 



In answer to a little boy's 
bedtime questions his mother 
explains God's plan for caring 
for him and the ways in which 
he can work with God in help- 
ing others. Attractive illustra- 
tions and poetic language 
make this an appealing book 
for kindergarten children. They 
will ask for this story again 
and again at bedtime as a 
reminder of God's love and 
care for them. $1.00 


Publishing House 

Elgin. Illinois 

Hurricane Creek— Bro. Robert Dick- 
son and Sister Georgia Fulk represented 
our church at district meeting. We held 
our regular council meeting in Septem- 
ber and elected officers for the coming 
year. At that time we also had a bap- 
tismal service. The ladies' aid is at 
present making a quilt and other gifts 

JANUARY 18. 1958 


to be presented to tlie Home near 
Christmas time. On Oct. 27, Bro. W. T. 
Heckman of Cerro Gordo, Bro. Lorrel 
Ikenberry of Rockford, and Bro. Wil- 
liam Bray of Greenville ordained our 
pastor, Bro. Roy Fulk.— Angeline Dooly, 
Mulberry Grove, 111. 

Middle Indiana 

Andrews— Our pastor, Bro. Richard 
JCnarr, was tlie evangelist for the re- 
vival meeting held Aug. 25-31. Six 
persons were baptized, making a total 
■of nineteen new members added last 
year. Elmer and Fern Baldwin, mis- 
sionaries on furlough from Nigeria, 
spoke at the har\ est meeting and home- 
coming on Oct. 13. Our recently or- 
ganized junior choir helps in the serv- 
ices each Sunday. The attendance has 
increased fifty per cent over that of last 
year. The men meet each Wednesday 
night to work on classrooms and a nurs- 
ery which are badly needed. Our ladies' 
aid made nineteen clothing kits for 
•overseas and also several comfortors for 
relief.— Goldie Priser, Andrews, Ind. 

Markle— The Builders class sponsored 
the showing of tlie film. Leap to Heav- 
-en, the story of Bob Richards. During 
the three weeks preceding our revival, 
Oct. 6-13, teams visited in the homes. 
Bro. Charles R. Oberlin brought a series 
of strong evangelistic messages. Two 
'were baptized. Roy Gilmer presided at 
our council on Oct. 14. For three Sun- 
day evenings in January we had mission 
emphasis. We are asking church groups 
to sponsor other Sunday evening serv- 
ices. Our pastor, W. C. Stinebaugh, 
'Was the speaker at the community 
Thanksgiving service on Nov. 27.— Mrs. 
Robert Randol, Markle, Ind. 

Eastern Pennsylvania 
White Oak— A harvest home service 
■and a Bible conference were held in 
the Graybill house. Speakers were Bro. 
Alton Bucher and Bro. Murray Lehman. 
During the summer Sister Martha Mar- 
tin taught the weekly Bible study course 
in the Manheim house. A missionary 
sermon was given by Bro. Caleb Kreid- 
•er, at which an offering was received 
for foreign missions. Brethren Bruce 
Anderson and Eugene Martin were 
guest ministers at the love feast on Oct. 
12 and 13. Sisters Ann Hummer and 
Leah Keller are now in BVS. The unit 
in which they were a part were week- 
end guests in the homes of this congre- 
gation and gave a program in the 
Manheim house. The primary and the 
beginner classes of the Manheim Sun- 
day school will use the offerings of the 
year to purchase a heifer for relief. The 
Willing Workers class participated in 
the pencils-for-Greece project. The 
sisters' aid sewed cut garments for re- 
lief. Bro. Harold Martin of the Plea- 
sant Hill congregation conducted our 
evangehstic services in the Longenecker 
liouse.— Mrs. Mabel Diffenderfer, Man- 
heim, Pa. 



Brethren Placement and 
Relocation Service . . 

This column is conducted as a free 
service in the interests of placement and 
relocation. It does not provide for the 
advertising of goods or property for sale 
or rent. Information on rates for paid 
advertising may be obtained from the 
Brethren Publishing House. 

The right to edit and reject notices is 
reserved. Since no verification of no- 
tices is made no responsibility can be 

When writing to the Brethren Place- 
ment Service about a notice, it is neces- 
sary that the number of the notice be 
given. Write Brethren Placement Serv- 
ice: 22 S. State St., Elgin, 111. 

Social Work 

No. 320. Wanted: Two people to 
work in Brethren Home in Flora, Ind. 
One would do the cooking. The home 
provides one-half cottage furnished, 
lights, heat, laundry, and meals. For 
further information contact: Russell A. 
Kuns, Superintendent, The Brethren 
Home, Flora, Ind. 

No. 321. A recreational leader is 
needed at Gillespie-Selden Institute, 
Cordele, Ga. Contact: Department of 
Missionary Personnel, Presbyterian 
Board of National Missions, 156 Fifth 
Ave., New York 10, N. Y. 

Office Work 

No. 327. Skilled office worker, high 
school graduate with additional night 
courses in bookkeeping and foreign 
languages. Accurate with figures, ex- 
perienced in operation of IBM type- 
writer, adding and calculating machine. 
Wants permanent position, preferably 
as assistant bookkeeper or invoicing 
clerk in Washington, D. C, or vicinity. 
Contact: Mr. G. DeWinter, 1341 Sara- 
toga Ave., N. E., Apt. 483 D, Washing- 
ton 18, D. C. 

Nursing and Medical Work 

No. 328. Nurses urgently needed for 
immediate employment at tlie Brethren 
Service hospital, Castaner, Puerto Rico. 
Two-year or three-year term of service. 
Also openings within six months or a 



No. 322. Brethren man, 40 years of) 
age, married, two small children, de- 
sires to locate near a Church of the 
Brethren in California or the Midwest^l 
He is a skilled mechanic and in recent 
years has worked in a supervisory po- 
sition in a laboratory in northern New.i 
York. References can be supplied. Foi! 
further information, contact: Brethreni 
Placement Service, 22 S. State St.^ 
Elgin, 111. 

No. 324. Elderly lady, member of the 
First Church of the Brethren, residing 
in Philadelphia, desires a woman assist- 
ant in her home, willing to cook and do 
light housework. Salary and pleasanl 
surroundings. Mrs. C. M. Rosenberger.i 
4908 N. Camac Street, Philadelphia, Paii 

year. Write to: Brethren Service Com- 
mission, General Brotherhood Board, 
22 S. State St., Elgin, 111. 

No. 329. Doctors urgently needed! « 
for the Brethren Service hospital at; 
Castaner, Puerto Rico. Opportunity tw 
render Christian service in community; 
and church. Two-year or three-year; 
terms of service or consideration of 
permanent location. Spring, 1958. 
Write to: Brethren Service Commission,; 
General Brotherhood Board, 22 S. Statej 
St., Elgin, 111. 

No. 323. Bethany Hospital has ani 
opening for a ninrse with supervisory 
ability. Contact: Miss Olga Bendsen, 
Personnel, Bethany Hospital, 3420 W.. 
Van Buren St., Chicago, 111. 

Farm Work 

No. 325. Wanted: A 36-year-old, un- 
married man with 12 years of farm ex- 
perience, desires work on a farm or in 
a farming community. Has his own car. 
Can operate most tractors and machin- 
ery. Direct queries to Lawrence E, 
Cook, R. 3, Albia, Iowa. 

No. 326. Wanted: Young married 
couple to work on dairy and grain 
farm. Modern home and modern ma- 
chinery. One mile from very active 
Church of the Brethren. On school bus 
route to consohdated school in town ofi 
1,100. Excellent opportunity for an in^ 
dustrious young couple. Contact: Rob- 
ert Reiff, Secretary-Treasurer, Place- 
ment Committee Service, Church of the' 
Brethren, Milledgeville, 111. 

Middle Pennsylvania 

Altoona, First— The district meeting 
of Middle Pennsylvania held in our 
church, Oct. 15-17, attracted an at- 
tendance of six hundred persons. Rev. 
C. H. Cameron, pastor of the Twenty- 
eighth Street church, Altoona, served as 
moderator. The kick-off banquet for the 
district youth program for 1957-58 was 
held the first evening of district meet- 
ing. Bro. Desmond W. Bittinger, pres- 
ident of McPherson College, gave three 
addresses. Bro. Harold Bomberger 
spoke at the men's work session. Mrs. 
Nevin Zuck gave two talks. The World 

Day of Prayer was observed at a Wed- 
nesday night service, each Sunday- 
school class attending in a body. Bro 
Clarence Rosenberger, church relations 
director of Juniata College, spoke twice 
on Oct. 27 and showed pictiu-es of the 
college to the young people. A love 
feast was held on Nov. 3.— Mrs. SuliJ 
Eyer, Altoona, Pa. 

Aughwick— Bro. Robert Sooby, whc 
served as summer pastor, and his fam^ 
ily have returned to Bethany Seminary 
On Sept. 1, Bro. Albert M. Haught tool 
up his duties as our first full-time pastor 
Brethren Roy Forney and H. Q. Show 
alter conducted an installation servici 


I i 

ir Brother and Sister Haught at the 
ose of the home-coming service in the 
erman Valley house on Sept. 1. At the 
)uncil meeting held in the Sugar Run 
)use on Sept. 4 church officers were 
ected; Bro. Fern Dunmire was 
losen moderator. Installation services 
r both church and Sunday school 
Seers were held at the close of the 
orning worship on Oct. 6. A two- 
eek evangelistic meeting was held in 
e Sugar Run house, Sept. 29— Oct. 13. 
t the absence of Brother Haught, who 
as seriously injured in an automobile 
)cident on Sept. 30, various ministers 
ive filled the pulpit.— Helen Garver, 
ount Union, Pa. 

Everett— One hundred ninety were 
irolled in our Vacation Bible School, 
hich was held June 4-14. Our evening 
rvices for the summer were centered 
ound the home. We were well repre- 
nted at the home and family life in- 
itute at Woodbury. Bro. Edward 
srschensteiner of the Bedford mission 
as the speaker at our home and family 
e picnic. We joined in the commu- 
ty vesper services again this summer, 
on Fogelsanger, Middle District field- 
Drker, was the resource leader for our 
BYE cabinet retreat at Martin Hill, 
ate Policeman William Kauffman 
oke to our youth on drag racing, 
eeding, and safety. Sixty campers 
tended Camp Harmony. Bro. D. Luke 
)wser was our evangelist. Five were 
iptized and two received by letter. 
a Sept. 26 J. Henry Long, secretary of 
e Foreign Mission Commission of the 
;neral Brotherhood Board, brought a 
Bssage and showed pictures of the 
3rk abroad. This was followed by 
r annual missionary tea.— Mrs. Freda 
arclerode, Everett, Pa. 
Lewistown— Our love feast was held 
Oct. 20. Our summer pastor, Bro. 
ul Hoffman, left the end of August, 
d Bro. Fern Dunmire of the Spring 
m church has been serving as pastor 
til our new minister Brother Weaver 
rives in January. Repairs and im- 
ovements are being made on the par- 
lage in preparation for his coming, 
le men's Golden Rule Bible class 
;re in charge of the church services 
Oct. 6 and the young married class 
Dec. 1. Our women's work program 
■ the coming year includes making 
'ettes to be sent to New Windsor! 
I Oct. 5 a family night supper and 
lowship was held.-Mrs. Albert Herb- 
r, Lewistown, Pa. 

Southern Pennsylvania 
ifork, Second-With the Bermudian 
iirch, our church participated in a 
lilean service one Sunday evening, 
group from the Chiques church was 
charge of the evening program at our 
nday-school picnic on Aug. 3. Sev- 
il of our members attended the re- 
'nal conference at Ehzabethtown. 
nes Rose, a summer youth field 
rker in our district, brought the 
ssage on Aug. 4. Delegates to the 
aday-school meeting at New Free- 

Do you wonf to know more 
about Brethren history? 



Revised and enlarged 

The Story of Our Church ■was first published in 1941. 
After wide distribution and extensive usefulness it 
went out of print but has now been revised and brought 
up to date. The book shows what led to the organiza- 
tion of the Church of the Brethren at Schwarzenau in 
1708, what drove the church to America, how it spread 
from the Atlantic to the Pacific, who some of its leaders 
were, and how it came to be what it is today. 

Brethren -who v/ish to learn more about the church 
as the 250th anniversary of its founding approaches 
should have a copy of this book. $2.50 


A Book tor Laymen on 


• How to begin the Christian Hie 
• How to live it 

• How to make it real to others 

Samuel M. Shoemaker 


Written for the person ready to start where he is, in his own family, 
on the job, among people he understands and who understand him. 

Dr. Shoemaker has tested his own theories in a practical demonstra- 
tion widely known as the "Pittsburgh Experiment," from which he 
draws illustrative material for the development of such subjects as 
prayer, Bible reading, study, sharing, personal discipline and group 

The chapters deal with. What Is Religion, How to Get Started 
Spiritually, How to Keep Going Spiritually, How to Win People to 
Christ, How to Work for Christ Through Your Job. This book's warm, 
man-to-man quality will win continuing circles of new readers. 


Elgin, Illinois 

dom were Henry Clouser, Charles 
Keim, and Ada Turner. The women's 
work held services at the county home 
one Sunday afternoon. Forty-two camp- 
ers attended our local church camp in 
August. The junior high class was in 
charge of the harvest home services on 
Sept. 8. The donations of food were 
distributed to the Brethren Home and 
the children's home. Several of our 
women attended the district women's 
work workshop at Gettysburg on Sept. 
14. Bro. Roy McAuley, dean of Eliza- 
bethtown College, was the guest min- 

ister on Achievement Sunday. On rally 
day our special speakers were Leroy 
Wastler and Harold Martin. Other vis- 
iting ministers during our pastor's ab- 
sence were Chauncey Trimmer and 
John Miller. An every-member canvass 
was conducted on Sept. 22.— Mrs. Walt- 
er Bachman, Jr., York, Pa. 

Western Pennsylvania 

Center Church— In the past year we 
have received nine new members. We 

JANUARY 18, 1958 


Classified Advertising 

RUBBER STAMPS— Made to your i 
order. 25% discount to churches. 
Write: C. R. Knisely, Route 3,' 
Box 159, Johnstown, Penna. 

Brethren Hillcrest Homes has at ' 
this time a few openings for SEN- 
IOR CITIZENS for life. Write: , 
Rev. W. Earl Breon, 2700 Magnolia i 
Ave., La Verne, Calif. I 

MY NEW ADDRESS IS . . . ] : : 

J. Calvin Bright as the guest minister. ; 

j,Jqjjjq The meeting closed with the love feast. ; 

We installed Sunday-school and church' 

R. D. or St officers and teachers at a fellowship! 

covered dish supper on Oct. 13. Ohj 

P- O Zone State Oct. 18, the district children's workers : 

Help us to keep your Gospel Messenger coming by reporting any change in banquet was served in our church. For i 

address promptly. Please do not remove old address. Sunday evening services we plan tc 

have a school to study Church of the 

Brethren history and the BibUcal basis 

of pacifism. Bro. W. Harold Row, ex- 
ecutive secretary of the Brethren Serv- i 
ice Commission, was our guest speaker 
at the morning worsliip on Nov. 3. In 
the afternoon we had the harvest home- 
coming for the Brethren Home at our 
church. Our church joined with the 
united churches choir of Windber for. 
the Christmas program, which was pre-: 
sented on Dec. 22. Hoffman Avenue,; 
a painting by Sylvester B. HofFman, was 
the best of the show for the silver 
jubilee exhibit of the Allied Artists of- 
Johnstown. On Oct. 30, the ladies' aid 
celebrated its fiftieth anniversary. Mrs. 
Minerva Livingston, who attended the^ 
first ladies' aid meeting is stiU an active 
church member.— Dora M. Trevorrow, 
Windber, Pa. 

have also improved the basement, mak- 
ing it a more pleasant place in which 
to hold our children's classes. Our 
young people, in co-operation with Pike 
Run and Fairview, presented a play. 
Bro. John Geary was our evangehst for 
the revival meeting in August. The 
women's work group made layettes and 
sent clothing to Church World Service, 
and the children have also sent smaller 
items there. Our pastor and his wife 
attended the Annual Conference at 
Richmond. Several of our young people 
attended Camp Harmony. A deputation 
team from Juniata College was with us 
on a Sunday morning. Sister Phyllis 
Replogle was the leader at our family 
discussion night. We had a one-week 
vacation Bible school.— Patricia Diffen- 
baugh, Rockwood, Fa. 

Roxbury— Vitamins for the Navaho 
Indians was the project of our vacation 
Bible school which was held in June. 
Pastor D. Alfred Replogle and Sister 
Grace Clapper, delegates to Annual 
Conference, both brought reports. Dur- 
ing vacation a number of our adults, 
children, and young people took ad- 
vantage of the program at Camp Har- 
mony and the school of alcohol and 
workshop at Juniata College. Guest 
ministers during the summer months 
inckided three of our young men who 
are at college or serving as assistant pas- 
tor, Donald Braken, Ronald Hershberg- 
er and Jay Rinebolt; two of our mis- 
sionaries, Herbert Michael and William 
Hayes; and Dr. Ewing of the Pennsyl- 
vania Temperance League. Our former 
pastor, Bro. Clarence Bowman, and his 
family, were also visitors in our church. 
We have purchased a property for a 
social and recreation center. We have 
a 100% Messenger Club.— Viola Rum- 
mel, Johnstown, Pa. 

Rummel— Our children's department 
is supporting Linda Ray Royer on the 
mission field. The music committee 
sponsored a music festival. Under the 

Stars, the proceeds of which wiU be 
used for the choir. Evangelistic services 
were conducted at Ogletown by our 
pastor, Bro. A. J. Replogle. Our harvest 
home and home-coming was held on 
•Sept. 15. Brother Herald Seese gave the 
afternoon address and special music was 
presented by the Ross brotliers. Re- 
cently in our services, we had as guest 
soloist, George Gopie, a native of Brit- 
ish Guiana, who is attending college in 
the United States. Bro. Wayne Lawson 
conducted evangelistic meetings in our 
church the last week of September. He 
spoke to the children each evening.— 
Mrs. Warren Hoover, Windber, Pa. 

Scalp Level— We had a week of evan- 
gelistic meetings, Sept. 29— Oct. 6, with 



The Minister Looks at Himself 

Minister's Book of the Month 
Selection for FEBRUARY 


Tliis is, in many respects, a unique and significant book. It is designed 
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Instead, it gives sympathetic and friendly counsel. 

The six problems discussed— namely, resentment, immatiuity, inferiority, 
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Regular price $2.25, to members $1.57 plus postage and handling. 
Copies will be mailed to members of 
the Book of the Month Club about February 10 





JANUARY 25. 1958 

From the filmstnp. Come Up Higher 

There Is the Church 

''here Christ is honored and followed, where two or three are gathered together 
. his name, where his gospel is preached and his way is taken — there is the 
lurch. The church is local because it can be found in one place, but it is also 
niversal because the body of Christ cannot be restricted by human boundaries of 
me and space. Therefore, the church has both a local and a world mission. In the 
ciges that follow it is possible to glimpse the opportunities that develop when 
rethren seek to live — at home and abroad — under the lordship of Christ. 

Gospel Messenger 

''Thy Kingdom Come" 


ELIZABETH WEIGLE - Editorial Assistant 

READERS WRITE . . . to the editor 

The Gospel Messenger welcomes letters commenting on editorials, articles and , 
news. Letters should be brief and brotherly. , 

gan of the Church of the Brethren. 
Published weekly by the General Broth- 
erhood Board, Norman J. Baugher, Gen- 
eral Secretary, 22 S. State St., Elgin, III, 
at $3.50 per annum in advance. Life 
subscription, $50, husband and wife, $60. 
Entered at the post office at Elgin, 111., 
as second-class matter. Acceptance for 
maOing at special rate of postage pro- 
vided for in section 1103, Act of October 
3, 1917, authorized Aug. 20, 1918. 
Printed in U.S.A. 

MEMBER: The Associaied Church Press 

SUBSCRIBER: Religious News Service, 

Ecumenical Press Service, World Around 


JANUARY 25. 1958 
Volume 107 Number 4 

In This Number . . . 

Editorial — 

There Is the Church 1 

This Noble Calling. I. W. Moomaw . . 5 

The General Forum — 

World Mission of the Church. 

WiUis Church Lamott 3 

Refined by Fire (verse). 

Ernestine Hoff Emrick 4 

New Frontier in Indonesia. 

Wilburn Thomas 6 

The Ever-Present (verse). 

Velta Myrle Allen 9 

Indians Assuming Leadership. 

Kenneth McDowell 10 

A Religion for Today. Shantilal Bhagat 1 1 
The Unfinished Task. H. Stover Kulp 12 
An Open Door in Nigeria. 

M. B. Madu Mshelia 14 

Striving for the Faith. Edna Switzer . 15 

Family Fun Fare 19 

The Family Counselor 25 

News — 

Kingdom Gleanings 16 

News and Comment From Around the 

"World 18 

Church News 27 

Toward lEs Kingdom — 

National Youth Conference. 

Richard A. Livingston 20 

"Inasmuch as Ye . . ." Esther K. Crouse 22 
Indian Laymen Hold Institute. 

Ruth F. Brooks 23 

Churches Begin Full-time Pastoral 

Program 24 

Fifty years before organized opposition 
to slavery began in America the Church 
of the Brethren had ruled that members 
could neither purchase noi hold slaves. 


Improve Diet 

In regard to the reply of Jesse 
H. Ziegler to "Depressed" (Nov. 
9) it is all right to say, "Honey, 
you make me so angry," but the 
way I see it— this is not getting at 
the basic situation. 

I would like to tell Depressed 
to improve her diet. Nutritionists 
believe that the survival of every 
person is dependent on good nutri- 
tion. If Depressed is unable to 
study and improve her nutrition 
herself, she should find someone 
who is trained in this field to plan 
one for her — and the sooner the 
better. "For we are what we eat" 
whether we like to admit it or not.— 
Sara C. Story, R.N., La Grange, 111. 

Kidding Ourselves 

We the people of this United 
States of America are all in the 
legalized liquor industry and are 
continually boasting of the hundreds 
of dollars which we are receiving 
each year from alcohol. 

But we are actually kidding our- 
selves along that line, for the de- 
structiveness which alcohol causes 
far overlaps the amount of revenue 
received, and the truth is that un- 
less we get rid of this scourge it 
will get rid of us. 

For every hour of the day and 
night it is getting rid of many peo- 
ple and causing destruction of un- 
told amounts of property, even 
going so far as to deprive them 
of a heavenly home.— Mart Sheaffer, 
Adel, Iowa. 

Do Not Discredit 

I am concerned about the atti- 
tude in which some Protestants, in- 
cluding Brethren, try to explain the 
"Billy Graham phenomenon" as one 
news writer expressed it. A reader 
writes in the Oct. 19 issue of the 
Gospel Messenger and calls Gra- 
ham's plain Bible preaching a "milk 
diet." Heb. 4:12 says tlie "word 
of God is quick, and powerful, 
and sharper than any twoedged 
sword . . ." If that is milk toast, 
what is strong meat? 

Graham sbesses prayer and more 
prayer. Months before the New 
York Crusade began, people all over 
the world were praying about it. 
Graham himself gives God the cred- 
it for what happens in the meetings. 

I am concerned about the wayj 
many Ghristians make light of OrMi 
Robert's healing ministry. He claimsji 
to have had a definite call to preaclill 
and heal. He, hkewise, gives Godl> 
the credit and not himself. Wef 
know that miraculous healing wasj'i 
done through Jesus and his disciples.; 
Why should we be too svire it 
can't be done today, just because' 
we do not have the faith to believe' 

No, I am not saying we should'l' 
take up wdth every idea of rehgiom 
that comes along. But we do need 
to be careful. If God is using 
someone in an unusual way, we: 
would better not try too hard to 
make every other kind of explana- 
tion; we had better not try too 
hard to give everything credit but 
God, lest it be to our own spiritual 

If Billy Graham has a special; 
talent for an evangelistic ministry 
and God has chosen him for that, 
let us not discredit it. If Oral Rob- 
erts has a special gift for the healing 
ministry and God has chosen him ) 
for that, let us not discredit it. If; 
the Church of the Brethren has; 
a special talent for the peace min-. 
istry and the social gospel ministry:; 
and God has chosen us for that,; 
why, let us go to it. 

God's world is too big, the work, 
of the world is too much, we human ; 
beings are too little, for any one> 
person or any one organization tO; 
emphasize everything that needs tO' 
be emphasized. — Rosa B. Petry, 
Dayton, Ohio. 


I want to express my thanks and 
appreciation for the Nov. 30 issue 
of the Gospel Messenger. The ar- 
ticles are all so good and full of 
spiritual food and enrichment. This 
issue is especially good, and I want 
to tell you it is. 

May the paper continue its good 
work and still bring encouragement 
to all who read it. — Katie Flory, 
Union, Ohio. 

Just wanted you to know how : 
much I appreciated the Nov. 30 
Gospel Messenger. The contents ! 
and appearance are great.— Leonard 
Carlisle, Perrysburg, Ohio. 

'!{ ID' 

of the 

Willis Church Lamott 

\ankind waits at the thresh- 
Id with eager anticipation. 
Vill Christianity minister to 
eople's hungers, or must 
theg look elsewhere? 

FEW American Christians 
realize that the age of for- 
eign missions has passed 
nd the age of the world mis- 
ion of the church has been 
shered in. The church of Jesus 
-hrist has been established in 
ractically every land under 
eaven, as a result of the pio- 
eer missionaries of the past 
undred and fifty years. And, 
Ithough there are now a larger 
umber of Americans serving as 
Dreign missionaries today than 
ver before in history, these 
len and women are serving in 

capacities different from those 
before. They now work with 
the "national" church (we do 
not say "native" any longer) 
wherever they go, as helpers, 
assistants, or fellow laborers, 
instead of supervisors and di- 
rectors. Or, if they serve in the 
latter capacity, it is at the re- 
quest and under the direction 
of the church in the land to 
which they go. Rather than 
"missionaries," they are fre- 
quently called "fraternal work- 

has produced a revolution in 
missionary principles and prac- 
tice, which must be reproduced 
in the minds of all who are 
concerned about the world-wide 
extension of the Christian fel- 
lowship. Any one going abroad 
in any capacity should realize 
that somewhere there he will 
find men and women of a dif- 
ferent race and culture who are 
one with him in acknowledg- 
ing Jesus Christ as Lord of their 
lives. Frequently they must be 


The above-mentioned fact JANUARY 25. 1958 

sought out. The mitiathe must 
be taken by the visitor or resi- 
dent abroad, but the response 
will be sure to be heart-warm- 

The object of the world mis- 
sion today is to increase the 
strength of the world Christian 
community and to assist the 
church in every country in tak- 
ing the gospel to its fellow 
countrymen. In doing this it 
is ob\'ious that our supply of 
available foreign missionaries 
or fraternal workers will always 
be insufficient. In many in- 
stances today, nationalistic for- 
eign policies limit the number 
of professional missionaries 
who can enter. 

In all cases, it will be seen 
that a close tie-up with foreign 
religious organizations such as 
missionary boards or societies 
will be interpreted as a form 
of Western cultural imperial- 
ism and might react against the 
progress of the church. 

In the light of this situation 
emphasis is being placed today 
upon their work in diplomacy, 
technical assistance, or business 
as an opportunity for giving 
their Christian testimony. 
Sometimes such a witness can 
be given mainly by living a 
consistent Cliristian life, in con- 
trast with the caricatures of 
Western culture given through 
motion pictures, popular songs, 
and the many bars and night 
spots abroad which are desig- 
nated by the adjective, Ameri- 

The influence of a small num- 
ber of active Christians in the 
occupation personnel in Japan 
who sought out the church and 
assisted in its work, for ex- 
ample, has been so incalculably 
great that one wonders what 
would have happened if hun- 
dreds instead of dozens of 
young men and women of this 
type had been present and ac- 


tive in this way during the criti- 
cal }'ears following the war. 

The time has come for a new 
missionary movement to arise, 
composed of world-minded 
men and women and families 
who will seek appointment to 
foreign posts under government 
and private agencies with a 
view to using their secular vo- 
cations as channels of Christian 
service. That many are now 
doing so is our greatest hope 
that the world fellowship of 
Christians can be made a great- 
er reahty than it is today. 

Refined by Fire 


This human vessel of such fragile 

Is weak unless refined by fire of 

Within the kiln of suff'ring it will 

The strength to stand unshattered 

through life's day. 

The encounter with one of 
these "younger churches" is 
likely to be both disillusioning 
and inspiring. Disillusion will 
come when the visitor sees the 
poor equipment, the smallness 
of size, the forms of worship 
differing from those to which 
he is accustomed. Inspiration 
will come when he sees in the 
leaders and in the humble lay 
Christians the same devotion to 
Christ and his kingdom, the 
same zeal for spreading the gos- 
pel that he noticed at home. 

Sometimes, indeed, he will 
find these younger Christians 
far more zealous than those in 
his home congregations. Points 
of criticism will arise, but, 
whatever these may be, it is 
well to realize that these 
churches are no longer our 
"branch offices" established in 
order to reproduce our type of 
denominational emphasis 
abroad, but authentic parts of 

the world-wide body of Christ, 
no longer our children or step4 
children, but our brothers inii 
the world Christian community.; 

Many visitors will be shockedj 
by the lack of interest shown 
in our denominations. As the' 
Anglican Bishop of Dornakalj 
once said, "We Indians are noti! 
interested in your controversies! 
of the sixth or the sixteenth cen-i 
turies." A Presbyterian, for 
example, will not find a Presby- 
terian church as such in India, 
in the Philippines, in Thailand,li 
in Japan, Lebanon, Iran, or else- 
where where Presbyterian mis- 
sionaries are working. He wilL' 
find that in India Presbyterians 
from Europe and the United, 
States work through the Church 
of South India and the United i 
Church of North India, in theii 
Philippines and Japan through! 
the United Church of Christ. ! 

In the Church of South India,' 
Scotch Presbyterians support a 
church which accepts the his- 
toric episcopate. In Japan tern 
different North American socie-' 
ties work with the Japanese! 
church, forgetting that they arei 
Congregationalists, Methodists, ; 
Presbyterians, Disciples of 
Christ, and so forth in this news 
relationship to the Japanese* 
Christian community. 

We should all ponder the* 
statement made recently by a 
representative committee of' 
Asian churchmen, representing! 
many denominations: "We rec- 
ognize that we are called intoi 
one body in the midst of a 
society that is broken into manyi 
antagonistic groups. We are> 
eager to set our faces against 
any imported sectarianism, 
such as can only add to thei 
barriers that already divide the; 
peoples of Asia. . . . Nothingi 
less than organic church union! 
must be our goal. ... In this,;, 
as in other matters concemingji 
the growth of the churches in- 

Continued on page 25 










This Noble Calling 

Guest Editorial by I. W. Moornaw 

rHREE decades ago Robert E. Speer spoke 
of the world mission of the church as 
"this noble calling." Recent developments 
Id new relevance to that calling. 

Over half of the people in lands where our 
issionaries serve are involved in a struggle 
r new foundations of human dignity and bet- 
r living conditions. This moving drama of de- 
■lopment and change presents to the church 
obably its greatest opportvmity and its most 
ible challenge in its long history. The situa- 
)n lays bare the need for bringing the gospel 
ore directly into the main-stream of life in 
ch practical ways that the people can experi- 
ice Christ's concern for their day-to-day needs. 
It would be an error to overlook serious 
)stacles met by the church in its world mission, 
tiange and progress can bring new difficulties. 
Asia and Africa, ten new governments have 
aerged since World War II in places where 
ilonialism had prevailed before. With this 
Ivance has come a new spirit of nationalism 
)t always friendly to the church or to people 
3m the outside. 

There has also been a resurgence of tradi- 
mal religions in some areas. This calls the 
lurch to restudy its message and its ways of 
arking. Again, the many church denomina- 
)ns, which mean much to us, are difficult to 
plain under present circumstances abroad, 
lis has led missionaries and church leaders 

seek more deeply for bases of common unity 

Christ. There have been wholesome begin- 
ngs in united effort like the Church of Christ 

Japan, the United Church of South India, and 
e United Church of North India. 

Awakened world interest in solving the prob- 
ms of poverty, famine, and want has given 
»e to large governmental programs of techni- 
lI assistance. Missionaries who often had to 
ork almost barehanded and alone gladly wel- 
)me these larger programs with their more 
lequate resources. However, technical assist- 
ice of itself, without also providing spiritual 
dues to live by, can spread the blight of ma- 
rialism, causing new problems as grave as 
lose it seeks to solve. In his recent report an 
sian leader warns against "forms of technical 
d that tend to widen the gulf between rich 
id poor." 

Village people long accustomed to a stable 
way of life now suddenly face social, ethical, 
and spiritual problems that rapid change thrust 
upon them. This places before village churches 
new and difficult problems of adjustment. 

What is the task ahead? During the past 
three years twenty-five field work conferences 
were held for the purpose of reviewing our 
Christian task and seeking God's will in the light 
of new conditions. The conferences, attended 
by 1,090 delegates, were held in sixteen different 
countries. Reports for nearly all of them are 
before me as I write these lines. The reports 
vary in detail but the missionaries and national 
churchmen who prepared them are in rather 
general agreement on at least three points as 
we face the future. The three points are: 

Awakened village people in search of a bet- 
ter way of life present a new summons to bring 
the gospel more directly into the currents of life, 
through preaching, agricultural improvement, 
\'illage adult classes, preventive medicine, using 
all the means God has given to us. 

Compelling urgency exists in the fact that 
many people are restive. They have come to 
believe they need not remain impoverished for- 
ever—that something can and must be done 
soon. This does not call for a strategy of emer- 
gency but it creates the need for a clear state- 
ment of Christian program and ultimate 
objectives. Students especially are impatient to 
see the concerns of the Christian faith expressed 
clearly in their relevance to current life. 

The whole church is now ini)olved in the 
Christian world mission as never before. De- 
spite bewilderment and confusion among men 
God is in Christ, seeking to reconcile the world 
unto himself. Not only the missionary who is 
sent but the whole church is called to rededicate 
itself and its resources to the task ahead. In- 
deed, to present Christ as a healing and redeem- 
ing force is the noble calling before the whole 
church at this critical hour. 

Dr. Ira W. Moomaw is a former Church of the 
Brethren missionary in India. He is now executive 
secretary of Agricultural Missions, Inc., which is related 
to the Divisions of Foreign Missions of the National 
Council of Churches. He is author and editor of a 
new book, Deep Furrows, ivhich sets forth goals, meth- 
ods and results of rural missions. Other Brethren con- 
tributors to the volume are Shantilal Bhagat, Earl 
Zigler, D. J. Lichty, and Everett Fasnacht.— Editor. 

JANUARY 25, 1958 5 

The Church of the Brethren confronts 
a new kind of frontier 



Winbum T. Thomas 

Photos by Religious News Service 

Church of the Brethren 
has been a pioneering 
church. This has held true in 
the opening of the West, and 
with regard to deahng with the 
difficult questions of war and 
peace. This experience should 
stand it in good stead as the 
Foreign Missions Commission 
prepares for the entry into In- 
donesia. Only foreign workers 
who combine the virtues of pa- 
tience, boldness, and imagina- 
tion can wait out the difficult 


adjustments which remain to be 
made within the life and work 
of the Indonesian churches. 

Protestantism in Indonesia 
embraces 4.2% of the nation's 
people. The Ministry of Reli- 
gions lists 3,286,265 Protestants 
and 1,080,438 Roman Catholics 
in a total of 77,479,328 popula- 
tion. All but one half million 
of these Protestants are mem- 
bers of churches affiliated with 
the Indonesian Council of 
Churches. The council has as 
its aim the achievement of a 
single united Christian church 
in Indonesia. 

The thirty-one church bodies 
which comprise the council are 
regional, linguistic, and ethnic 
groups primarily rather than de- 


nominations copied after West- 
ern models. The colonial 
government long forbade more 
than a single missionary agency 
to operate within a single area, 
though separate churches have 
developed for Chinese, even 
those who are Indonesian- 

After centuries of exclusive 
contacts with European 
churches and sending societies, 
these churches are now request- 
ing assistance from church bod- 
ies in English-speaking lands. 
They desire teachers, doctors, 
agriculturalists, and other tech- 
nical experts to serve on their 
respective staffs, undergirding 
the already existing churches in 
their Christian witness. Breth- 

ren fraternal workers appointed 
to Indonesia will work on this 

This is the proper approach 
in the new age. The churches 
in developed lands, more and 
more, will provide human re- 
sources and funds to supple- 
ment the efforts of churches in 
underdeveloped lands rather 
than to establish denomination- 
al colonies. These gifts include 
no hidden conditions, no de- 
nominational requirements. 

The Indonesian Council of 
Churches has stated that the 
entire nation is a single mission 
field, for the evangelization of 
which all thirty-one member 
church bodies are responsible. 
The council has added that the 
entire world is one field, and 
that, therefore, the churches 
more blessed by God with ma- 
terial resources must continue 
to aid those churches with few- 
er resources. 

The 3,000 islands which com- 
prise this archipelago extend 
east to west farther than the 
distance from Los Angeles to 
Newfoundland. The land area 
is more than 700,000 square 

miles, double that of Texas. 
The city of Djakarta alone has 
an estimated population of 
3,000,000. The national popula- 
tion average density is 137.6 per 
square mile, but Java with 1,000 
per square mile is one of the 
world's most densely populated 
areas. It is sixth most populous 
nation in the world, the third 
laigest presidential democracy. 

The nation is a republic. In- 
dependence was proclaimed in 
1945 and sovereignty was trans- 
ferred by the Dutch in Decem- 
ber 1949. This act culminated 
350 years of foreign rule, one 
of the most profitable in colon- 
ial history. Over these centur- 
ies the Dutch improved health 
conditions, developed roads, 
and enriched their own national 

The personal relations be- 
tween individual Indonesians 
and Dutch residents remain 
cordial to this day despite the 
tensions between their respec- 
tive nations growing out of the 
Dutch military actions (1947 
and 1948) and the refusal of 
the Netherlands to cede West 
New Guinea, an area which 

Minister of Religion Kijahi H. Ujas of Indonesia (left) was 
a speaker at the national pastors' conference in Bandung, 
Indonesia. He urged co-operation among the counti-y's religious 
groups in solving economic and social problems confronting 
the country. With him are (from the left): Rev. W. J. Rumam- 
bi. Rev. Ellsworth Culver, and Bishop Theophilus of the 
Mar Thoma Church of India, who gave the opening address 

for a century the Dutch recog- 
nized as a feudatory of the Sul- 
tan of Tidore (who is now an 
official in the Djakarta govern- 
ment ) . 

Some of Indonesia's major 
problems result from mistakes 
in Dutch colonial policy. For 
instance, the shortage of trained 
Indonesians to operate the gov- 
ernmental bureaucracy is a 
consequence of their failure to 
establish schools (the literacy 
rate was about 6% when the 
Japanese occupied Indonesia 
early in 1942) and to train the 
people for independence. 

The first national elections 
were held late in 1955. The 
present Indonesian Parliament 
consists of 260 elected members 
and the Constituent Assembly 
of double this number, most of 
whom belong to four large 
parties; the Masjumi (Liberal 
Moslem), PNI (Nationalist), 
Nahdatul Ulama (Conservative 
Moslem), and Communist. 
Among the smaller parties are 
the Parkindo (Protestant) and 
Roman Catholic, the Protestant 
being fifth in number of parlia- 
mentary seats held, and thus 
strongest of the smaller parties. 

The Christian groups justify 
their own parties on several 
grounds: the Moslems are or- 
ganized politically into power- 
ful governmental pressure 
groups; the maintenance of reli- 
gious liberty requires that 
the Christians be in a position 
politically to press for their poli- 
cies; because of the traditional 
connections between colonial- 
ism and the church, Christians 
need to demonstrate to the na- 
tion at large that they, too, are 
loyal to the revolution and the 
new nation. 

Indonesia is primarily agri- 
cultural, and the churches are 
located principally in the rural 
areas. The principal exports of 
the nation are rubber, tin, oil, 

JANUARY 25. 1958 7 

and copra (made from coco- 
nut). The famed spices of the 
islands today constitute but a 
small part of the total exports. 
The nation must import up to 
600,000 tons of rice annually 
to feed its people, which pur- 
chase absorbs a large proportion 
tion of its hard currency cred- 

A conservative estimate of 
literacy today is twenty-five per 
cent. The nation is demonstrat- 
ing that its people do want to 
learn. Schools have mush- 
roomed. Approximately twenty- 
fi\'e collegiate level training 
and educational institutions 
have been established. Many of 
the primary and middle schools 
must operate three shifts daily. 
Approximately 1,500 primary 
and 250 middle schools are op- 
erated by the Protestant church 
bodies. Some of the instructors 
are responsible for up to sixty- 
nine teaching periods weekly. 
The people speak hundreds of 
regional languages and dialects, 
but the Indonesian language, 
based on Malay, is rapidly be- 
coming known and spoken 
throughout the nation. English 
has replaced Dutch as the sec- 
ond language. 

Ninety-three per cent of the 
people are Moslems. Only in 
Bali are there strong remains of 
Hinduism and Buddhism which 
were the religions up to the 
time of the coming of Islam. 

Beginning about thirty years 
ago, missions have made rapid 
progress among the Chinese 
and Chinese descendants. An 
estimated 100,000 have em- 
braced Protestantism. 

Communism's strength is due 
in part to the education, wealth 
and size of the Chinese com- 
munity, which numbers more 
than 2,000,000 of whom about 
one half are Indonesian sub- 
jects. Communism in Indone- 
sia preaches the gospel, not of 



dialectical materialism but of 
food, land, and security. The 
fact that some of the overpopu- 
lated areas of Moslem Java 
voted eighty per cent Commu- 
nist in the first national election 
reveals the popular appeal of 
that gospel, even in strong Mos- 
lem areas. 

The Church in Indonesia 

There are more Protestants in 
Indonesia than in all the rest of 
Asia outside India. Denomina- 
tionalism in the Western sense 
is almost unknown in Indonesia 
save as it has been introduced 
in postwar years by sects and 
churches driven out of China. 

The Teachers' Training Col- 
lege (P.T.P.G.) in Salatiga is 
an illustration of ecumenical ef- 
forts. The government estab- 
lished four colleges in 1954 for 
the training of teachers for up- 
per-middle schools. As students 
matriculating in these institu- 
tions must sign contracts to 
teach in government middle- 
schools, Christian institutions 
would be "frozen out " unless 
they, too, could establish their 
own normal college for the 
training of teachers. Mid-Java 
Indonesia and missionary lead- 
ers spearheaded a national ef- 

PoTt of the 600 
Protestant ministers 
and Christian 
workers •vfho 
attended the first 
notional pastors' 
conference, which 
was sponsored by 
the Missionary 
Commission of the 
Indonesian Council 
of Churches in 
co-operortion with 
World Vision, Inc. 
The theme of the 
meeting was The 
New Life in Christ 


fort to establish the needed 
facilities. To date, they have 
been joined by ten other Indo- 
nesian church bodies and by 
mission boards in The Nether- ■ 
lands, the Philippines, the Unit- 
ed States, the New Zealand ■ 
Council of Churches in Aus- . 

In contrast with the many : 
hundreds of foreign Christian 
workers in other Asian lands, 
the number of non-Asians ap- 
pointed by sending societies as 
missionaries is relatively small. 
For example, today, only six 
ordained missionaries are serv- 
ing in the largest of the Batak 
churches, while in the 1920's 
there were forty. 

A number of reasons explain 
the difference. The strong In- 
donesian churches are the 
result of mass or village con- 
versions. They never have had 
a staff sufficient to educate the 
converts to the meaning of 
Christian faith. In mass move- 
ment areas, baptism is easily 
obtained, but full church mem- 
bership, with the right to par- 
take of the sacrament, is limited 
to those members who have 
undergone catechetical study 
and passed an examination. On 

rimor, such members number 
mly approximately eight per 
;ent of the total membership, 
n many areas, the task of Chris- 
ianizing the converts remains 

be done. 

Laymen have participated 
ictively in the effort to convert 
he islanders. Government of- 
icials and businessmen from 
Holland in many instances were 
consecrated Evangelicals who 
^ave generously of their time 
md energy to the work of the 
:;hurch. Notably the Neukirch- 
ni Mission that established 
tself in Central Java was initi- 
ited by plantation managers, 
3x-seamen, wives, and govem- 
nent officials, before an effort 
A^as made to recruit missionary 
issistance. In the Chinese- 
ipeaking churches, the people 
ire still dependent upon lay 
Dreaching and leadership. 

Ecumenical Operations 

Indonesian Christians rea- 
soned that if a nation of so 
nany peoples, cultures, and 
languages could be fused into 

1 political unit. Christians also 
ihould be able to get together. 
Immediately after the Japanese 
surrender, therefore, unifying 
movements developed in the is- 
land of Sulawesi and in Jogja- 
karta. These coalesced in the 
formation of the National 
Council of Churches in Indo- 
nesia in May 1950. Tradition 
and regional differences have 
prevented the immediate reali- 
zation of the aim of establishing 
a single Church of Christ in 
Indonesia, but under this ecu- 
menical umbrella the thirty-one 
church bodies, embracing all 
but one half million of the na- 
tion's Protestants have been 
able to do many things to- 
gether. The National Mission- 
ary Commission is its agent for 
reaching the un evangelized 
areas of the nation, and of invit- 
ing churches in New Zealand, 
Australia, India, the Philippines, 

and the United States to join 
in the task. 

The Theological College in 
Djakarta is directly operated by 
the council. Seventy-nine stu- 
dents were enrolled in Septem- 
ber 1957 as compared with 
twenty-nine as of six years be- 
fore. Professors are supplied by 
Dutch, German, Swiss, and 
American sending societies. 
Three full-time professors are 

Most congregations have as- 
sociations of women, called 
Kaum Ibu. These societies meet 
for worship, do sewing for the 
orphans and needy, and help 
raise funds to support the 
chinch. A national Christian 
women's organization, the P.W. 
K.I. seeks to raise the status of 
women, protested against Presi- 
dent Sukarno's taking a second 
wife, and serves as a women's 
auxiliary to the Protestant polit- 
ical party, Parkindo. 

The primacy of organization- 
al survival is an obstacle to 
ecumenical development. Au- 
tonomous churches are forced 
to give major attention to self- 
support, the training of leader- 
ship, and the strengthening of 
their Christian witness in a pre- 
dominantly Moslem or Bud- 
dhist-Hindu environment. Such 
herculean efforts have left little 
energy for ecumenical opera- 

It is probably true that the 
slowness of devolution (the 
transfer of responsibility from 
the mission to the churches) 
contributes to the tardiness of 
the Indonesian churches in em- 
bracing ecumenicity. They had 
so little responsibility in the 
prewar period that their leaders 
are unprepared for visions of 
unity, either within Indonesia 
or in the world-wide Christian 

And yet, in spite of the handi- 
caps to unity, in spite of con- 
siderable opposition to it, the 

unprejudiced observer recog- 
nizes with heartfelt praise the 
degree of progress made in the 
National Council of Churches 
in Indonesia and in the many 
examples of united Christian 
work. In a republic moving to- 
ward unity in the midst of 
political chaos and economic 
difficulties, in an atmosphere 
strongly Islamic or Buddhist- 
Hindu, and against the constant 
pressures of communism in 
both the Indonesian and Chin- 
ese populations, the Christians 
of Indonesia are making prog- 
ress as churches and are moving 
toward unity. 

The Indonesian churches 
need and can use outside re- 
sources, if there are not too 
many conditions. Missionary 
advisers and technical experts 
(Asian and Western) can assist. 
Church bodies have already 
demonstrated their survival 
power. They showed rare stam- 
ina and resourcefulness dur- 
ing the Japanese occupation 
and in the rapid transitions 
which took place after the Proc- 
lamation of the Republic. 
Among the most retarded 
church bodies in Asia as to pre- 
war devolution, in these post- 
war years they have revealed a 
marked capacity for self-sup- 
port, self-government, and self- 
propagation. Church leaders are 
reluctant to accept large subsi- 
dies from abroad, lest they 
forfeit their survival qualities. 
They are grateful for assistance 
which is consistent with their 
ideals, but, with it or without 
it, the churches will carry on. 

The Ever-Present 

In every blade of grass, each 
leaf and clod. 
I hear a symphony of song to 
And in the quiet stillness of the 
I see the glory of his shining 

JANUARY 25. 1958 9 

Brethren under tHi 

Indians Assuming Leadership 

INDIA has been much in the 
news in tlie past several 
years. The actions of both 
government and various na- 
tionahstic groups have been 
critically reviewed in the press. 
Needless to say, not all of tliis 
news has been complimentary 
to India. In fact, some reports 
in recent years might well have 
caused nations to turn a cold 
shoulder to the needs of India. 
Even the church was tempted 
in this direction and the send- 
ing of missionaries and funds 
to India has been a subject of 
debate. Before churches and 
nations do move to isolate In- 
dia, however, they should take 
a close look at her situation and 
at developments within the 
country which should be en- 
couraging to thinking people 
in the free nations of the world. 

First of all it should be recog- 
nized that India, because of her 
geographic location, must be 
friendly to all nations. Her 
northern border is an open door 
to Russia and Red China. Both 
of these nations are powerful 
and their intentions evident; so 
India does not dare take any 
step or express any opinion 
which would tend to provoke 
these northern neighbors. 

On the other hand, India 
needs the economic assistance 
of the West. Her very survival 
as a free nation depends on this 
assistance. Without it she can- 
not feed her hungry millions 
nor can she develop her re- 
sources and industry to raise 
the people's standard of living. 

On both of these issues there 
is growing unrest and Commu- 
nist propaganda is making the 
most of it. Yet in the face of 

K. E. McDowell 

all criticism, responsible gov- 
ernment leaders confidently 
state that India will not turn 
Communist unless she is driven 
in that direction by the West. 

But what about India's atti- 
tude towards the Christian 
church and foreign missionar- 
ies? Let us remember that In- 
dia's freedom is something new 
and it was acquired only after 
long years of struggle. In fair- 
ness to the Indian people we 
must recognize that this free- 
dom which was won at great 
cost will not be easily relin- 
quished. Some Christians feel 
that their freedom will not be 
complete until they are com- 
petely free of foreign domina- 
tion and control— even in the 
church. Hence, the very pres- 
ence of foreign missionaries is 
resented by some. 

Of course, there is still a 
larger body of Christians who 
want missionaries to stay in 
large numbers for both good 

reasons and reasons which arei 
not so good. Actually for thai 
good of the church, however,! 
the number of missionaries! 
must diminish and the respon- 
sibilities taken by Indian na4- 
tionals must increase. Indianl 
nationals must take over the re- 
sponsibility and leadership in 
the program of the church and' 
in the wider program which has . 
been operated by the mission? 
and missionaries. ' 

Are they capable of taking' 
over? For years now most of 
the pastoral and evangelistic, 
work has been done by Indian- 
pastors and evangelists. The 
Church of the Brethren has 
been established in India and' 
organized in two districts simi- 
lar to the organization of our; 
congregations here in the '■■ 
States. In recent years both the 
moderators and secretaries of ■ 
the district meetings have been 
Indians and they have been 
carrying the responsibility well. 

At Anklesvar there has been 
an Indian principal in our 
teacher training college for sev- 
eral years. He has succeeded 



Most of the pastoral and evangelistic work is being done by 
Indian pastors and evangelists in the Church of the Brethren area 

ordship of Christ 

n maintaining the same high 
itandards in instruction and 
;cholarship which were estab- 
ished by dedicated missionar- 
es so that the school ranks 
imong the first in Bombay State 
n the quahty of teachers pro- 
iuced. In addition, the princi- 
pal enjoys relationship with 
Tovemment that would scarce- 
y be possible for any foreigner. 
At Anklesvar we also have 
:he Rural Service Center in co- 
operation with several other de- 
lominations. Again the work is 
idministered by an Indian who 
s completely dedicated to the 
idvancement of the village peo- 
ale under Christ. In his work 
tie has been able to win quickly 
the confidence of villagers and 
Farmers, and in the few years 
>ince the program was estab- 
lished he has had record 
achievement in helping people 
[lelp themselves. 

Farther south in our church 
area in India is Dahanu Road, 
where one of our hospitals is 
located. This hospital has been 
supervised by an Indian doctor 
for more than a year now. He 
is assisted by another Indian 
doctor and a missionary nurse. 
Through their skill and Chris- 
tian devotion this team has 
been able to maintain the con- 
fidence of the community 
which was won by Dr. Joseph 
Schechter and others before 
him. Their work is increasing 
daily and the community is 
solidly behind the efforts of the 

Indian leadership is coming 
forward to assume its rightful 
place in the life and work of 
the church in India. Under the 
Lordship of Christ they have 
and will succeed in their tasks 
and others will join their ranks. 

Religion for Today 

THE first Brethren mission- 
aries arrived in India in 
the year 1894. With the 
baptism of nine in April 1897, 
the Church of the Brethren 
made its beginning on the west- 
ern coast of India. The first 
church was established at Bul- 
sar on Febmary 9, 1898, and 
in the last sixty years twenty-six 
churches have been organized 
with a total membership of 
over 9,300. The modest begin- 
ning has been blessed into a 
rich fellowship under the Lord- 
ship of Christ. 

Brethren missionaries served 
the people under commission 
of Christ through the ministry 
of preaching, teaching, and 
healing and to that end Bible 
schools were started, the gospel 
was spread, primary schools 

Shantilal P. Bhagat 

were opened to teach people 
reading and writing, and hos- 
pitals were started to care for 
the sick and the diseased. All 
these things were done in the 
spirit of service and concern for 
fellow men and with Christ as 
motivation. As time went by 
and Indian Brethren were 
ready for leadership they also 
joined in the task which the 
Lord had set before them and 
a partnership was solemnized. 
In the sixty odd years much 
has been done and more re- 
mains to be done yet for the 
Brethren to be really under the 
Lordship of Christ in local com- 
munities and congregations. 
The church has a task of help- 
ing every local congregation to 

develop fully as a part of the 
body of Christ and to experi- 
ence the fullness of the power 
of the Holy Spirit. In order to 
achieve this the church must 
"foster genuine spiritual respon- 
sibility in the local congrega- 
tion so that its members 
recognize their worth and sta- 
tus in the life of the whole 

A voluntary system of spirit- 
ual eldership needs to be de- 
veloped for sharing in the 
pastoral care of the congrega- 
tions. The local congregations 
should be helped to function as 
a part of the larger fellowship. 
The principle that evangelism 
is the privilege of the entire 
membership of the local con- 
gregation and not the task of 
the paid evangelists only needs 
to be accepted and put into 
effect. Along with others, young 
people and women's groups 
should be trained and guided 
and encouraged for evangelism 
so that they may be able "to 
communicate the gospel in a 
manner that it may be meaning- 
ful, relevant, and challenging 
to our Hindu contemporaries 
at all levels of present-day cul- 

There is a growing awareness 
in the local congregation of the 
need for self-support. In order 
to speed up the process of self- 
support, "a new sense of re- 
sponsibility for mission to the 
world and a new level of sacri- 
ficial giving for the fulfillment 
of that mission" needs to be 
aroused. Every church should 
at least support its own pastoral 

The program of Christian 
stewardship needs to be accel- 
erated. Stewardship of time and 
talent, prayer and personality 
must be taught. The congrega- 
tions should be made to realize 
that stewardship is the econom- 
ic result of the Christian experi- 

JANUARY 25, 1958 


Brethren Under the Lordship of Christ 

ence and that there can be no 
stewardship without rehgion. 
Every possible effort needs to 
be made to increase the giving 
for church programs. 

The Lordship of Christ means 
that Christ controls everything; 
he is the Master and all the 
activities of the church and its 
members are Christ-motivated 
and Christ-controlled. One 
author says, "A man is never a 
Christian until he has the vivid 
awareness that Christ motivates 

One writer says, "To a Chris- 
tian, religion is primarily a 
matter of decision in acknowl- 
edging the total Lordship of 
Christ, whereas to the Hindu, 
religion is a matter of enquiry 
and attainment of illumination." 
How far is this true with regards 
to Indian Brethren? Is Christ 
just an influence or is he in ul- 
timate control? 

The Brethren in India are 
under the Lordship of Christ 
and will continue to be so. The 
task before them is to present 

the Christian religion as a reli- . 
gion for the present age. With j 
Christ as the Lord and Master ■ 
the task can be tackled. 

The Unfinished Task 

H. Stover Kulp 



O INTO all the world . . . 
teaching them all things 
that I have commanded 
you." A church that is serious 
in its concern to be under the 
Lordship of Christ must pon- 
der deeply these words of her 
Master. For our mission work 
in Nigeria there are, in the pres- 
ent time, two major implica- 
tions of this theme. 

There is the consideration of 
the geographical area in which 
the Church of the Brethren has 
been called to make known the 
gospel of God's grace. How is 
she getting on with this task? 


The Church must present the Christian gospel as a gospel 
for the whole liie of man and as a religion for the present age 


"We would see Jesus." These 
words of John 12:21 indicate 
the second implication. Since 
a significant people's movement 
towards Christ has developed 
in the Church of the Brethren 
mission area in Nigeria, a great 
burden of responsibility is upon 
the church to receive great 
numbers into the Christian fel- 
lowship and to provide them 
with Christian teaching and 
pastoral care. These two impli- 
cations are not mutually exclu- 
sive and in many aspects do 

Considering the first impli- 
cation, the acceptance of or be- 
ing assigned to any given area 
for the promotion of the 
church's mission to the world 
is in reality an ecumenical 
project. We are a part of the 
church universal. With sister 
denominations we enter into a 
comity agreement that this part 
of Nigeria will be the area 
where, under God, the Church 
of the Brethren will be respon- 
sible to make God's truth 

This is not an agreement 
drawn up on paper and signed 
in ink. It is a covenant of the 
spirit, a response to the com- 
mand of Christ which we have 
entered into jointly with our 
brothers and sisters that by the 
help of God we will be respon- 
sible for the church's mission 
to the world as it relates to this 
area. Such an ecumenical obli- 
gation is a serious and sobering 

Much has already been done 
in this geographical sense. The 


three largest tribal groups in 
our area are the Bura, the Mar- 
gi, and the Higi. In the Bura 
tribe work began in 1923. 
There are now four mission sta- 
tions and five organized 
■churches with a total combined 
membership of over 1,900. In 
the Margi tribal area there are 
three mission stations and three 
organized churches with over 
900 members. The first station 
in the Higi tribe was opened 
this year. This is a tribe which 
may number 100,000. However, 
owing to outvillage work from 
the stations in the Margi area 
there is a substantial group of 
Christians among the Higis. 

Other tribal groups in which 
work has been carried on in- 
clude the Chibuk, where there 
is one mission station and two 
organized churches. There are 
two organized churches in the 
Kilba tribe. There is the small 
Whona tribe south of Garkida 
in which there are several out- 

Much remains to be done be- 
fore our Lord's heart can be 
satisfied. Most of the 100,000 
Higis are still to be reached. 
There are several other tribal 
groups including those in Mubi 
and the surrounding area. Be- 
fore we will have completed 
the geographical phase of our 
task perhaps we have to reckon 
that there are 250,000 yet un- 
reached. There are still scores 
of villages in the Bura and Mar- 
gi tribal areas that have no 
Christian witness. 

Before we consider what the 
national church is doing, let us 
turn to the second implication 
of our theme. It is peculiar to 
the present age that great 
forces are at work causing basic 
changes in the lives of peoples. 
Old cultures are breaking up. 
New alignments and new alle- 
giances are being entered into. 

The most outstanding char- 
arteristic of all this change is 

Under the Lordship of Christ schools are held that ignorance 
may be dispelled and leaders trained for the work of the church 

the alarming rapidit)' with 
which it is taking place. Most 
significant in our area is the 
seeking of the people, one could 
almost say the determination 
of the people, to change their 
religion. This is resulting in a 
people's movement toward 
Christ. "We wish to see Jesus" 
is the desire of thousands in our 
area today. 

We believe that God is in 
all these forces and movements 
and that somehow in his own 
way he is working to open the 
door of opportunity and desire 
to know him and to turn 
to him. But above all, the 
instrument for his purpose of 
redemption is his church. 

Now we move into our un- 
finished task with our Nigerian 
brothers and sisters under the 
Lordship of Christ. The lead- 
ership of the church in Nigeria 
is keenly aware of the seeking 
of their tribal brothers and 
sisters and of neighboring trib- 
al groups for a new religious 
basis for life in this "modem " 
age which has so suddenly con- 
fronted them. The call that is 
coming to those who are now 
in the Christian fellowship is 
like the call of the Greeks to 

the early disciples, "We would 
see Jesus." 

To answer this call the Ni- 
gerian churches are engaged in 
a program of outreach of con- 
siderable size. Although the to- 
tal church membership in all 
congregations is 3,373, the aver- 
age number of people in serv- 
ices every week is over 15,000. 
This represents a great poten- 
tial for future church member- 
ship. Services are being held 
in 214 different places. These 
are all arranged for and carried 
out by the Nigerian church. 

Christ calls his church and 
its individual members to wit- 
ness for him in many areas of 
life. Under his Lordship schools 
are conducted that ignorance 
may be dispelled. Many na- 
tional Christian leaders are 
serving as teachers. There are 
twenty-eight primary schools 
with approximately 3,500 pu- 
pils. Some 120 Nigerian Chris- 
tian teachers serve in these 
schools. Many others serve 
him in the ministry of healing 
in hospitals, dispensaries, and 
leprosaria. An increasing num- 

Continued on page 26 

JANUARY 25, 1958 


Brethren Under the Lordship of Christ 

Christians in Nigeria have before them an open door and a great 
opportunity to supply the seekers for truth with spiritual food 

An Open Door in Nigeria 

I AM very happy and really 
grateful for the opportunity 
given to me to send in my 
contribution for this special is- 
sue of this Gospel Messenger. 

To cut right through to the 
theme we surely have a won- 
derful opportunity in promot- 
ing the kingdom of our dear 
heavenly Father. This will 
never be successful unless we 
recognize the real brotherhood 
and guidance in Christ Jesus. 

Here in Nigeria the Church 
of Christ has already been firm- 
ly founded and to be more par- 
ticular many have come to 
accept our Lord Jesus Christ as 
their personal Savior. Many 
have ever-growing interest 
about Christ and want to know 
more about him, but the leaders 
are only a few. During the cur- 
rent year about a thousand 
souls have been baptized and 
the catechumens amounted to 
one thousand two hundred. 

How people are turning up 
for the hfe-saving faith really 



M. B. Madu Mshelia 

reminds me of the Pentecost 
time. Many are running aim- 
lessly in search of any new reli- 
gion for the simple reason that 
all want to turn away from the 
old and are tiring of the religion 
of their ancestors. Dear breth- 
ren it is, as all can see, a 
wide-open door and a great op- 
portunity for Christians. 

Very many want to turn to 
Christianity and to become 
church members. If the church 
does not quickly welcome them 
to enter this wide door they will 
instead choose Mohammedan- 
ism. Then the door of the 
church will be shut and every- 
thing will be too late. Now, 
it is a time for harvest and the 
people to harvest are not avail- 
able. How then will the seekers 
of truth be supplied with spir- 
itual food? 

But, beloved brethren, we 
should be grateful for what has 
been done so far. These are the 
things to be grateful for. The 
most important ones are the 

classes of rehgious instruction, 
Bible school, the Church of 
Christ in Sudan, pastors (Afri- 
cans) and teacher training 
schools, where many are being 
taught to become Christian 
teachers. The church is respon- 
sible for paying its own pastors 
and for many classes of reli- 
gious instruction. The church 
responsible for these is greatly 
worried because the increasing 
numbers are outgrowing the 
church's budget. 

Nigerians and foreign mis- 
sionaries have firmly united for 
the improvement of the work 
and affairs of our Lord Jesus 
Christ. The District Council 
meets twice armually, the Joint 
Education Committee, Evan- 
gehstic Committee and Agri- 
cultural Joint Committee meet 
and discuss regularly. Also 
there is a joint committee for 
the hospitals. Hospitals are 
playing their role in witnessing 
for Christ. 

Out here the Church of 
Christ has been regionally di- 
vided into three parts, viz., west 
area in Marama and her outsta- 
tions; east area is Lassa and her 
outstations, and middle area is 
Garkida and her outstations. 
This regional division of the 
church does not mean to weak- 
en the church but to strengthen 
it and confirm it. Annually 
these areas meet together in 
order to strengthen their fel- 
lowship through the study of 
the Holy Book of life. 

Finally, brethren, in all these 
ways we see that the national 
churches are exercising respon- 
sibilities impHcit in their fol- 
lowership. We really have 
great responsibilities in finding 
the way for greater improve- 
ment, for we know that before 
long Nigeria will be a self-gov- 
erning country. We know that 

Continued on page 26 

Striving for the Faith 

Edna Switzer 

highly exalted him and 
bestowed on him the 
name which is above every 
name, that at the name of Jesus 
every knee should bow, in heav- 
en and on earth and under the 
earth, and every tongue confess 
that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the 
glory of God the Father" (Phil. 

Thus concludes Paul's mag- 
nificent exposition of the basis 
and significance of Christ's 
Lordship in the world. But Paul 
is not content with theological 
statement or theory. He is in the 
midst of an earnest plea that 
the lives of his fellow Christians 
in Philippi should conform to 
the mind and the spirit of 

After a discussion of his own 
situation as he stands between 
life and death and how even 
that is being used to the glory 
of God and the spread of the 
gospel, he continues with the 
following entreaty: "Only let 
your manner of life be worthy 
of the gospel of Christ . . . that 
you stand firm in one spirit, 
with one mind striving side by 
side for the faith of the gospel, 
and not frightened iii anything 
by your opponents" ( Phil 1 : 27- 

This is the task of the church 
in Ecuador as it is at home, but 
is the more necessary here 
where believers number less 
than five per cent of the popu- 
lation, where opposition is pow- 
erful and organized, and where 
social custom exerts pressures 
in opposition to a Christian 
manner of life. 

Although the church here is 
young and the membership rel- 
atively small, there are those 
who are eager to spread the 
word. Two of our members 

who work in Quito during the 
week have bought study guides 
and have been meeting with 
their fellow bricklayers for 
Bible study. 

In the past our members have 
held meetings in a neighboring 
village, but those nationals who 
remained to work in the village 
were forced by physical vio- 
lence to leave that community. 
Here in the local community 
our members have helped visit 
in the homes to announce the 
vacation Bible school and have 
shared in direction and teach- 
ing of the Bible school. This 
year more than one hundred 
children attended. They love to 
sing. It was a real joy to hear 
these hundred voices raised in 
praise to the Lord Jesus Christ, 
and to know that they were 
coming every day to study the 

The church also exerts its in- 
fluence in the school with chap- 
el and Bible classes. Two of 
our teachers and their families 
have come to know Christ after 
coming to teach in the school. 
Also a number of school chil- 
dren and their families have 
been reached in this way. 

Paul continues (Phil. 2:1-4) 
with an earnest appeal for unity 
of spirit in love, humihty, un- 
selfishness, and concern for the 
interests of others. This need 
has been faced in Ecuador and 
met first of all by a united evan- 
gelical Christianity. There is 
little room here for the denom- 
inational bickering and dissen- 
sion which we accept and 
sometimes even foster in the 
United States. Evangelical 
Christians here need one an- 
other for mutual support in the 
faith and for fellowship and 
sustenance in a Christian way 
of hfe. 

For this reason the church in 
Calderon is a member of the As- 
sociation of Evangelical 

Churches of Ecuador, and does 
all that is possible to co-operate 
with other Christian groups. 
This organization sponsors a 
week-long spiritual life confer- 
ence each year, a mission con- 
ference directed toward 
outreach to non-Christians in 
Ecuador, and the Quechua con- 
ference for the Quechua-speak- 
ing peoples in addition to the 
national convention to which 
delegates are sent from all the 

An interdenominational sum- 
mer camp this year was at- 
tended by an unprecedented 
number of young people and 
with great spiritual blessings 
for all who attended. Also there 
are weekly classes in Quito for 
lay leadership in the church 
which are attended faithfully 
by a group of our members. 

Paul does not fail to remind 
his fellow Christians why it is 
that we worship Christ, why it 
is that Christ has become Lord 
of all. Although Christ was en- 
dowed with the power of God 
and was one with God, he did 
not elevate himself, but instead 
chose to identify himself with 
sinful man, being obedient in 
all things to God in order to re- 
deem mankind from sin and 
death and reconcile us to God. 

One of the great encourage- 
ments to the missionary is to 
see the growth due to the work- 
ing of the Holy Spirit in the 
lives of individuals. There are 
those who slip back, but the 
Spirit continues to work. There 
are others, such as our lay pas- 
tor, whose growth is steady and 
whose lives are a joy to us and 
to the Lord. 

The church is young in Ecua- 
dor and Christians are young 
in the faith. Christ is becoming 
Lord of many lives here but 
there remains much room for 
growth. The church in Eucador 
needs your prayers. 

JANUARY 25, 1958 



Madison Avenue church, York, Pa., will observe its 
twenty-second anniversary at the morning service on 
Sunday, Feb. 16. Calvert N. Ellis, president of Juaniata 
College, will be the speaker. 

The Elkton fellowship in the Mardela District will 
be known in the future as the Immanuel Church of the 
Brethren. Twenty-nine charter members were received 
into the church at special services held on Dec. 15, 1957. 

Deadline for the March 3-7 adult seminar registra- 
tions is Feb. 16. Obtain registration blanks from your 
pastor or Brethren Service representative. Mail with 
$10.00 ad\ance registration to Brethren Service Com- 
mission, General Brotherhood Board, 22 S. State St., 
Elgin, 111. 

S. Loren Bowman, pastor of the Long Beach church, 
Calif, has accepted the call of the General Brotherhood 
Board to serve as executive secretary of the Christian 
Education Commission beginning Sept. 1, 1958, upon 
the retirement of C. Ernest Davis, who has served in 
this position since 1948. 

L. D. Ikenberry died recently at the age of ninety- 
one years. Memorial services were held at North Man- 
chester, Lid., on Jan. 1. Brother Ikenberry had been 
president of Daleville College, 1897-1900; since 1900 
he had been connected with Manchester College, from 
1918 until his retirement as vice-president. 

Ruth Cline, whose article. Conversation, appeared 
in the July 13 issue of the Gospel Messenger, is a mem- 
ber of the Pleasant Valley church, Va., and a teacher 
of English at Eastern Illinois University at Charleston, 
111. When the article appeared it was erroneously 
stated that she was a social worker in another denomina- 

Issues Facing the Second Session, 85th Congress 
is the subject of the Dec. 15 issue of Memo, the twice- 
monthly publication of the Washington office of the 
National Council of Churches. This special sixteen-page 
issue summarizes in excellent fashion thirteen foreign 
relations and twenty-one domestic legislative issues it 
believes to be of special interest to chvnchmen. Copies 
are available from Church of the Brethren, General 
Offices, 22 S. State St., Elgin, 111. 

A sixty-day tour next summer will visit important 
Christian and government missions in various Asian 
countries. Conducted by David and Lucile Lindstrom, 
who are connected with the College of Agriculture of 
the Uni\"ersity of Illinois, the tour will leave Chicago 
by plane on June 29. Ira Moomaw is one of the persons 
helping the directors to plan the missions that should 
be visited. If you are interested in seeing what mis- 
sions and the International Co-operation Administra- 
tion are doing and what they mean to us and our future, 
write the Lindstroms at 202 W. Pennsylvania Ave., 
Urbana, 111. 



Action Sheet on Disarmament, No. 3, urging mes-l 
sages to President Eisenhower to support more negoti- 
ations with Russia on disarmament proposals, was 
mailed to pastors on Jan. 9. 

R. E. Mohler, Harry K. Zeller, Jr., and H. Spenseil 
Minnich will give leadership in the Conference on Wills 
and Christian Philanthropy, occurring in Cleveland,! 
Feb. 6-8. Brother Mohler will lead one seminar group! 
The opening address is to be delivered by Brother! 
Zeller. As chairman of the Wills and Special Gifts i 
Committee of the Department of Stewardship and 
Benevolence of the National Council of Churches, 
sponsor of the conference. Brother Minnich will preside ■ 
at all the sessions. 

With Our Contributors 

Willis Church Lamott is professor of missions at 
San Francisco Theological Seminary, San Anselmo, 
Calif. He was a missionary in Japan for eighteen years, 
and later served as director of mission education for 
his denomination. He is the author of a number of 
books on mission strategy and world evangelism. 

Winhurn T. Thomas is secretary of the National 
Missionary Commission of the Indonesian Council of 
Churches. His office handles most of the contacts 
between Indonesian Protestant churches and missionary 
societies abroad. Before going to Indonesia the 
Thomases were missionaries to Japan. At one time 
Dr. Thomas was a secretary of the World Studentj 
Christian Movement. 

Frontiers of Faith 

The Protestant segment of the National Broad 
casting Company's public service television program 
Frontiers of Faith, begins on Sunday, Feb. 2, 1:3 
p.m. (EST), and continues for twelve successive pro- 
grams. This series of dramatic programs is based oi 
the lives of individuals who, under the spirit of God, 
have mo\'ed us forward in education, social justice, and. 
human freedom. The schedule is: 
Feb. 2, Song Out of Silence. From the life of Thomas! 
H. Gallaudet, founder of education for the deaf. 
Feb. 9, Light in the Southern Sky. Based on the life 
of Mary McLeod Bethune, leader in Negro educa- 
Feb. 16, Massacre. Story of Bishop Henry Whipple,! 

frontier missionary. 
Feb. 23, A Time to Fight. Story of John Peter Muhlen 

March 2, Roger Williams and Mary. On the founda- 
tions of religious freedom in America. 
March 9, Above All Liberties. Episodes from the life 
of John Milton, including his defense of the freedom 
of the press. 

March 16, Man of Two Worlds. Henry Drummond, 
the Scottish evangelist, who led discussions of the 
relationship between science and religion. 

Four other programs will be developed, probably 
on the lives of Woodrow Wilson, John Woolman, Rus 
sell Conwell, and Louis Dwight. 

The Easter program on April 6 will be the new 
dramatic treatment of the story of Barabbas, written 
by Henry Denker. 

Brotherhood Theme: Brethren Under the Lordship of Christ 

La Verne College 

Two hundred guests attended the college anniver- 
sary dinner on Dec. 10, honoring the sixty-sixth aca- 
demic year of the college. Mr. W. C. Mullendore, 
president of the California State Chamber of Commerce, 
and chairman, board of directors, Southern California 
Edison Company, was the speaker. Proceeds of the 
banquet go toward the reduction of indebtedness. 

New Era banquet speaker on March 8, 1958, will 
be Dr. John S. Whale, eminent British theologian. Dr. 
Whale will also be featured on March 7 as the Founders' 
Day speaker, and special plans are being made to invite 
ministers from surrounding areas to a luncheon at which 
Dr. Whale will be the speaker. 

Idaho district conference voted in October to apply 
for affiliation on a district basis with La Verne College. 
This arrangement, upon completion a year hence, will 
mean that the district's college affiliation and regional 
membership will be in agreement geographically. Four 
students are at La Verne this year from Idaho. 

Regional conference of the Pacific Coast at Fresno in 
Februar\', will close on Friday evening with a La Verne 
college banquet. 

Students chosen b\' Who's Who Among Students in 
American Colleges and Universities this year are Lenore 
Carter, Hanford, Calif.; Lenora Rothrock, Tonasket, 
Wash.; Shirle\' Ulrich, Wenatchee, Wash.; Marlin Heck- 
man, Fresno, Calif.; Ben Hines, McFarland, Calif.; Gene 
Moore, Ajlune, Wash. 

Two new buildings will be constructed on the camp- 
us during the next vear. A women's dormitory to house 
sixty-six residents will be constructed adjacent, but at- 
tached to Studebaker Hall, and a dining hall to seat 
256 students will be added. The total project approxi- 
mating $500,000 in cost is made possible bv a 
$469,000 Federal Housing Authorit\' Loan on a basis 
similar to that secured two \'ears ago for the construc- 
tion of Studebaker Hall. 

Several from La Verne attended the 250th Anni- 
versary Celebration love feast at Germantown on Jan. 1. 
Herbert Hogan, dean of men, represented the District of 
Southern California; Ken Byerly, a student, represented 
the Pacific Coast \'outh, and President and Mrs. Fas- 
nacht, the college. 

Bethany Hospital 

Joseph Burlinghame, a long-time friend of the hos- 
pital and owner of the Western Lumber Company, 
left a large portion of his estate to Bethany Hospital. 
The $1,462.47 recently received is to be applied to 
the purchase of new lights for the patients' rooms. 
It has been estimated that when the estate is finally 
settled we will receive approximately $20,000. 

Another gift greatly appreciated is a donation by 
Dr. and Mrs. Curtis Bowman to make possible the 
broadcasting of music throughout the hospital over 
the public address system. 

Interesting year-end statistics: The average daily 
census rose two per cent over last year; 628 babies 
were born, 13 more than during the previous year. 
Total patients admitted were 3,521; of these 258 were 
nonwhite. The board reappointed fifty doctors to the 
medical staff. The financial report at the end of the 
year shows a small surplus. 

Thoughts From a Hospital Bed 

For a year 1 have been trying to identify specifically 
what is central to Brethren? The following might be 
a part of it. 

Within a few days from the time I was suddenly 
stricken ill, cards and letters from every part of the 
Brotherhood began to come to the hospital. The word 
could never have covered that much territory so fast 
except by the grapevine of the closely knit fellowship, 
the network of concerned love. Is that one of our 
characteristics? We are a body of those who lean upon 
one another and whose love runs deep. 

Thank you for the many cards and letters; they 
were thoughtful and kind. And thank you for the 
prayers of the church. I am recovering rapidly.— D. W. 

The Church Calendar 
January 26 

Sunday-school Lesson: Organization of the Church. 
Acts 6: 1-7; 20: 16-38; Rom. 12: 3-8; 1 Tim. 3; 5: 17-22. 
Memory Selection: Take heed to yourselves and to 
all the flock, in which the Holy Spirit has made you 
guardians, to feed the church of the Lord which he 
obtained with his own blood. Acts 20: 28 (R.S.V.) 
Jan. 26-Feb. 2 Youth Week 
Jan. 27-28 Pennsylvania Council of Churches General 

Assembly, Pittsburgh 
Jan. 27-31 Ohio Pastor's Convention 
Feb. 3-7 Brethren youth seminar, Washington, D. C, 

and New York City 
Feb. 7 Race Relations Sunday 
Feb. 11-13 Spiritual Life Institute, Bridgewater College, 

Bridgewater, Va. 
Feb. 16-23 Brotherhood Week 
Feb. 18-23 Pacific Coast regional conference, Fresno, 

Feb. 19 Ash Wednesday 
Feb. 21 World Day of Prayer 
Feb. 23 Commitment Sunday 

March 3-7 Adult seminar, Washington, D.C., and New 
York City 

Gains for the Kingdom 

Fourteen baptized at Mandara, Netrang congregation, 
First District of India. 

Nine baptized in the Garkida church, Nigeria, West 

Six baptized in the Ft. Myers church, Fla. Two bap- 
tized in die Mt. Joy church, Va. One baptized in the 
Valley Pike church, Va. Seven baptized and two received 
bv letter in the Martinsburg church, W. Va. Twenty-four 
baptized and nine received bv letter in the Keyser church, 
W. \'a. 

Three baptized and one received by letter in the Florin 
cliurcli. Pa. Nine baptized in the Martinsburg Memorial 
church. Pa. Five baptized in the Upper Marsh Creek 
church. Pa. 

Eight baptized in the Chippewa Valley church. Wis. 
Four baptized and one received by letter in the Douglas 
Park church. 111. Six baptized, four received by letter, and 
one reclaimed in the Four Mile church, Ind. Two received 
by letter in the Marion church, Ind. 

One received by letter in the Enders church, Nebr. 
Four baptized in the Fredericksburg church, Iowa. 

JANUARY 25, 1958 


News and Comment From Around the World 

Moscow Pushes New 
Propaganda Campaign 

The renewed campaign by East 
German Commmiists against Protes- 
tant churches and pastors coincides 
with a new Moscow anti-rehgious 
propaganda drive. 

At the same time the chief offi- 
cials of the Soviet government 
office for reUgious aflFairs are on a 
tour of Communist-ruled counties 
in Europe. 

The tour started with a week's 
visit to Warsaw where the officials 
conferred with the Polish govern- 
ment office for reHgious aflFairs. A 
Warsaw radio announcement said 
the Soviet group had many dis- 
cussions with the Polish officials 
on "mutual problems" and would 
proceed to visit "several other East- 
em European countiies." 

The delegation's tour is sur- 
rounded with the usual Communist 
secrecy. But since it is unusual for 
Soviet officials to make a tour of 
this kind Western European observ- 
ers are speculating that some new 
pohcy affecting religion in the Com- 
munist-ruled countries is involved. 
Some observers relate the tour to 
Moscow's stepped up antireligious 
propaganda campaign. 

The new Soviet campaign is a 
compound of apparently conflicting 
elements. The Moscow Radio, for 
example, while broadcasting a con- 
tinuous series of statement and 
speeches ridiculing rehgion and pro- 
moting atheism, also is airing what 
are alleged to be statements from 
church leaders in the Soviet Union 
saying that complete religious free- 
dom exists there. 

In East Germany, tension be- 
tween the Communists and the 
Evangehcal churches is heading 
towards a showdown. Evangelical 
bishops, pastors and congregations 
are resisting Communist efforts to 
indoctrinate youth with atheism. 
The Reds have been holding demon- 
strations against the "reactionary" 
attitude of the chiurches, particularly 
attacking their opposition to atheis- 
tic youth dedication ceremonies. 

Church and student groups, civic 
organizations and political parties 
in West Germany have protested 
the recent sentencing of Pastor Sieg- 
fried Schmutzler to five years hard 

This shipment of twenty-seven heifers for Austria was arranged jointly 
by Illinois CROP and Heifer Project, Inc. Several Brethren heifers 
were among the herd, including one purchased by the Junior High Fellow- 
ship of Southern Illinois. The cattle are being loaded at Pana, Illinois 



labor by an East German court 
at Leipzig. The clergyman was 
Evangelical chaplain to students at 
Leipzig University. 

Two thousand students of Frei- 
burg University and their professors 
held a silent march through the 
streets of the West German city 
in December to protest the sentence. 
The marchers were headed by Dr. 
Constantin von Dietz, an economics 
professor at the university who is 
president of the Synod of the Evan- 
gelical Church in Germany. 

In Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Ro- 
mania, Bulgaria and Albania the 
churches are under the tight control 
of the Communist regimes. Recalci- 
trant clergymen are "retired" or sent 
to prison. 

Although the churches of Poland 
have been given a substantial 
measure of freedom. Communist- 
sponsored atheistic activities are in- 
creasing. A national congress of the 
Society of Polish Atheists and Free- 
thinkers held recendy decided to 
expand its program throughout the 

Nazarenes Observe Fiftieth 
Anniversary Year 

Special watch night services on 
New Year's eve were held by con- 
gregations of the Church of the 
Nazarene to mark the opening of 

the denomination's 50th anniversary 
vear. Worshipers offered prayers 
of thanks during the services for the 
gains made by the church since 
its formation in 1908. 

Organized in Pilot Point, Texas, 
with a union of 288 churches and 
10,414 members, the denomination 
now has 4,500 churches and 300,- 
000 members in the U.S., Canada, 
the British Isles and Austraha. It 
conducts missionary work in thirty- 
three world areas. 

The Nazarenes, who practice tith- 
ing, consistently have been among 
the leading denominations in stew- 
ardship. The Church's international 
headquarters said that per capita 
giving in 1957 will exceed $133. 

Lutherans Set Record 
Budget for Home Missions 

A record budget of $3,770,000 
for 1958 was adopted by the Board 
of American Missions of the United 
Lutheran Church at its annual meet- 
ing in New York. The amount is 
nearly a million dollars higher than 
last year's pledges. 

The retiring executive secretary 
of the board reported it had assisted 
in organizing 61 congregations this 
year and will help estabhsh four 
more in the next month. Last year 
the board helped to organize a rec- 
ord 90 congregations. 

Missionaries Encounter 
Opposition From Aucas 

American Protestant missionaries 
have suffered another setback in 
their attempt to gain a foothold 
among the savage Auca Indians of 
Eastern Ecuador. The Auca tribe, 
said to be the fiercest tribe in South 
America has been consistently hos- 
tile to the missionaries. Early in 
January, 1956 they massacred five 
young Americans who sought to 
convert them. 

The latest act of hostility oc- 
curred when the Aucas attacked a 
group of semi-civUized Quechua In- 
dians from the settlement where the 
missionaries had set up an outpost 
and killed one of the tribesmen. 
As a result the mission post had 
to be abandoned. Hopes for reach- 
ing the Aucas had been encouraged 
a month earlier when three Auca 
women visited a shack the mission- 
aries had built. 

Jungle Minister Becomes 
Moderator of New Church 

A sixty-year-old jungle minister 
was elected the moderator of the 
new 83,000-member Presbyterian 
Church of Cameroon at its first Gen- 
eral Assembly in Elat. The church 
was estabhshed by three synods of 
the Presbyterian Church in the 
USA at its mission in French 

Simon Mvondo Ntyam, the new 
moderator, became a Christian as 
a boy, one of the first converts in 
the Bulu tribe. He was graduated 
from the Dager BibHcal Seminary 
in Cameroon. Through his efforts 
all but three of the 400 members 
of his clan have given up fetish 
worship and witchcraft for Chris- 

EUB Coimcil Plans New 
Headquarters in Dayton 

The General Council of Adminis- 
tration of the Evangelical United 
Brethren Church recendy voted to 
buy an acre of land near downtown 
Dayton as the site for a new world 
headquarters building. Denomina- 
tional oflBces have been in the down- 
town Knott Building for more than 
forty years. 

The new building site is on the 
corner of Riverview and Grafton 
Avenues and near the Masonic 
Temple and the Dayton Art Insti- 
tute. It overlooks the Miami River. 
It is expected that a three-story 
structure with at least thirty thou- 
sand square feet of floor space will 

be constructed at a minimum cost of 

The General Council also gave 
priority to the employment of a 
full-time denominational director of 
stewardship. The Council approved 
plans for a four-year $6 million 
campaign for missions and church 
extension to be launched in 1959. 
These proposals will be subject to 
final action by the General Con- 

New Lutheran Hymnal 
Ready in February 

A joint Lutheran Service Book 
and Hymnal was introduced for the 
first time at a gathering of church 
officials in Chicago. The hymnal 
has been in preparation for twelve 
years and it is sponsored by the 
eight denominations that are mem- 
bers of the National Lutheran 

Some 635,000 copies of the first 
edition will be off the presses in 
February. Dr. E. E. Ryden, of Rock 
Island, Illinois, Secretary of the 
Hymnal Commission, said, "For the 
first time since the year 1638 when 
Lutheranism was brought to owe 
shores the Lutheran Church will 
have a common book of worship." 

On Oct. 20 a service at the 
Cathedral of Trondheim, Norway, 
was broadcast over all the radio net- 
works in Sweden, Denmark, Norway, 
and Finland. The program, the first 
of its kind, will be followed by joint 
broadcasts of services from churches 
in other Northern countries. 

The Synod of the Evangelical 
Church of Westphalia in Western 
Germany has issued an appeal for 
increased help to people in all of the 
areas of the world threatened by 

Religious television is to be greatly 
developed in German Switzerland 
during the next few years. In addi- 
tion to televising church services and 
giving a "Sunday message" at the 
close of the Sunday program, the 
Swiss churches want to improve the 
general program. 

Copies of the Revised Standard 
Version of the Bible have been sell- 
ing at the average rate of one mil- 
lion per year since it was first 
published in 1952. 

The World Alliance of the YMCA, 
meeting in Kassel, Germany, learned 
that the YMCA work in 70 countries 
has advanced in the past 2 years and 
now has 4,000,000 members. 

Famflq Fun Fare 

Introducing a new feature in which our readers share their experiences 
in wholesome family fun; why not send information about your best family 
games, songs, contests, and informal worship ideas to the Recreation Depart- 
ment, General Brotherhood Board, 22 S. State Street, Elgin, Illinois? 

Egg Checkers 

A GAME that might make the 
process of crating eggs for 
a farm family more interest- 
ing is "egg checkers." The squares 
of the case filler are used as a 
checkerboard. The filler is divided 
between two players, each taking 
three rows. Numbering from the 
middle to the outside edge row 1, 
2, and 3 for Player A, and row I, 
2, and 3 for Player B. The idea of 
the game is to see which player 
can fill his number 1 row first. 

The game proceeds as follows: 
If a player places an egg next to 
the dividing line in row 1, the other 
player must be careful not to place 
his egg near the first player's egg 
because Player A can jump Player 
B's egg across the fine. Placing an 
egg in the crate is counted as one 

move. The players take turns at 
moves and must jimip another play- 
er's egg if possible. For every egg 
jumped he removes that egg and 
places it in his row three. 

The game is concluded when 
either Player A or Player B fills all 
his row one with eggs. Five points 
are given for the filling of row 1, and 
one point each is given for eggs 
that have been captured and placed 
in row 3. At the end of the play, 
of course, all the vacant holes in 
the filler are filled, a new filler is 
placed, and a second game is ready 
to begin. As you can easily see this 
slows down the work but makes 
the filling of egg crates a form of 
recreation. — Submitted by Marlene 

JANUARY 25, 1958 









Members oi National Youth Cabinet relax on a porch overlooking Lake Junaluska, 
■where they have been making plans ior National Youth Conference next August 

National Youth Conference 

WITH exacdy seven months 
remaining, many youth in 
all parts of the country are 
busy making their plans to attend 
the second National Youth Confer- 
ence of the Church of the Brethren. 
On Monday afternoon, Aug. 25, 
1958, more than two thousand sen- 
ior high and older youth, along with 
a number of adults, are expected to 
arrive at the comfortable conference 
grounds located on the shore of 
Lake Junaluska in the midst of the 
Great Smoky Mountains of western 
North Carolina. 

As in 1954 at Anderson, Ind., 
the site of the first National Youth 
Conference, people will be travel- 
ing by district buses, station wag- 
ons, automobiles, and some, no 
doubt, by plane, to the four-day 
conference, which will end at noon 
on Friday, Aug. 29. Planned by 



Richard A. Livingston 

the national CBYF cabinet and staff, 
the theme of this year's conference 
is Our Faith Tremendous. Activities 
for the conference, which is held 
every four years, include a daily 
Bible hour, addresses by church 
leaders, small group discussions, 
worship services, a massed youth 
choir, a roll call of districts, drama, 
recreation, and singing. 

Although registration will not be- 
gin until April, it is now time for 
CBYF groups to make their plans 
for attending the conference. Total 
expenses, including room, board, 
registration, insurance, and fees, will 
be thirty-five dollars. Transporta- 
tion costs and offerings, which will 
be taken once each day, will be in 

Because of their greater traveling 
distance, there will be a reduction 
in registration and fees for those 
attending from Western and Pacific 

regions. After Aug. 1 a late registra- 
tion fee will be charged. 

Why a National Youth Conference? 

The questions have at times been 
raised, "Why have a National Youth 
Conference? Are not Annual Con- 
ference, regional and district youth 
rallies, and summer camps enough?" 
The answer to such questions seems 
to be that a national conference 
primarily for young people serves 
puiposes which other meetings do 
not. Although NYC is in no way 
aimed at competing with other ac- 
tivities or at replacing them, it is 
to be expected that youth attend- 
ance at Annual Conference and oth- 
er summer programs may be lower 
and that some areas may even can- 
cel their youth ralHes and youth 
camps for this summer. 

The large attendance at NYC and 
the high quality of its program, 
along with the fact that NYC is 
held only every four years, seem 
ample justification for having such 
a conference despite the several 

The success of our first youth 
conference in 1954 at Anderson and 
of the conferences of this type held 
by other denominations would seem 
to indicate their value. Even yet 
one hears many people refer to 
the deep inspiration, the pleasant 
times, and the many friendships 
they found at Anderson. There are 
good indications that many youth 
have entered a full-time Christian 
vocation. Brethren Volunteer Serv- 
ice, or a Brethren college as a result 
of their experience there. 

Some of the purposes for having 
a National Youth Conference are: 

1. To find a faith equal to the 
tasks of Christian living in an age 
of atomic energy and exploration 
of outer space. 

2. To broaden the vision of 
world outlook among Christian 

3. To appeal to a generation of 
youth who are accustomed to travel 
and are attracted by large-scale 

4. To help build common pur- 
poses and ideals among Brethren 

-The Church at Work 

I 5. To share in a Christian experi- 
ence with many of the outstanding 

; young people and leaders of the 

6. To exchange ideas and ways 
of developing a creative youth fel- 

7. To inspire and prepare youth 
to work more effectively in their 
local churches. 

8. To make many new long-last- 
ing friendships. 

Adults Go Along 

National Youth Conference, while 
planned primarily for senior high 
and older youth, is not for them 
exclusively. There is also a place 
for some adults — youth counselors, 
church school teachers of youth, 
pastors, and, perhaps, a number of 
parents. It is hoped that there 
might be as many as one adult 
for every four or five youth who go. 

The values of attending National 
Youth Conference for the adult 
church worker are many. At a time 
when reports of youth delinquency 
and corruption seem to fill our news- 
papers and magazines, it should 
give us some needed reassurance 
to see several thousand youth com- 
ing together in the name of Christ 
and the church. Viewing the reli- 
gious interest, the many abilities, 
and the sincere dedication of these 
youth should help to restore faith 
in the younger generation and to 
renew the challenge of youth work 
for every adult counselor and 

By going to National Youth Con- 
ference the CBYF counselor will be 
alerted to what is happening in the 
youth program of our denomination. 
There may be a few discussion ses- 
sions especially for youth counselors. 

The informality of travel and of 
the conference situation provides an 
excellent opportunity for adults to 
share with youth, each learning to 
know the other better, each coming 
to appreciate more the other's needs 
and interests. Both on the trip and 
at the conference adults will be able 
to help the youth with problems 
that might arise. 

Perhaps the most important effect 
of an adult's attending National 
Youth Conference will come in the 
months following the conference it- 
self. Having himself been to NYC, 
he will be better able to understand 
the conference experiences of each 
youth and to reinforce their long- 

range effects. So often our youth 
are really stirred after attending a 
camp or conference but quickly lose 
their enthusiasm upon their return 
to the local church because of little 
or no encouragement. Adults who 
have shared in the conference expe- 
rience will not let such discourage- 
ment occur. 

In the Local Church 

As the date for it draws nearer, 
each local church should include 
National Youth Conference in its 
thinking and planning. Attendance 
at the conference should not be 
thought of as a special favor granted 
indulgently to privileged youth but 
ratlier as a vital religious experience 
which each congregation wants as 
many of its youth as possible to 

Local boards of Christian educa- 
tion, pastors, church school superin- 
tendents, and parents need to take 
the initiative in urging their youth 
to attend the conference, and be- 
yond that, to help them get there. 

Already announcements of Na- 
tional Youth Conference have ap- 
peared in the Gospel Messenger, 
Horizons, and most district news- 
letters. Posters have been mailed 
to several people in each local 
church. A collection of pictures of 
Lake Junaluska will be in the Feb. 
2 issue of Horizons and more an- 
nouncements will be forthcoming. 
The local church should use this 
material in its publicity. 

The board of Christian education, 
the pastor, and the youth counselor 
have a major role to play in inter- 
preting National Youth Conference 
to parents of youth, answering their 
questions and helping them to see 
the value of the conference in the 
lives of their youth. Certainly there 
is expense involved in attending a 
national conference such as this, 
but in terms of what it might do 
in determining the direction of a 
youth's whole life, the cost is not 
so great. 

The total congregation has an ob- 
ligation, too, in helping financially 
those of its members who go to 
the conference. This is not to say 
that the youth should not earn part 
of their own expenses. The confer- 
ence will mean more to them if 
they do. 

Some support, however, from the 
church will not only enable more 
people to attend than otherwise 
could, but it will also give the youth 

tangible evidence that the entire 
congregation is behind them and 
that they are a part of it. 

Some churches are offering schol- 
arships much as they do for attend- 
ing the church camp. Some are 
paying for their group's transporta- 
tion, leaving the conference expense 
for the individual. Adults can help 
the youth to save their earnings and 
allowances by setting up a "Juna- 
luska Savings Fund." The board 
of Christian education can solicit 
donations for the fund from inter- 
ested adults in the church or 

The local church has a part to 
play when the youth return from 
National Youth Conference next fall. 
By giving opportunity for the youth 
to share the inspiration and informa- 
tion they have received, perhaps by 
a skit, even more by active partici- 
pation in the church's program, the 
local church can help to make the 
effects of the Junaluska youth con- 
ference extend far into the future 
life of the church. 

Your Home ... a Household for 

God is the theme of the National 
Family Week emphasis, May 4-11, 

Each year in May the churches 
of your community observe a special 
family week observance. This week 
is intended to rekindle the church's 
interest in families— in the areas of 
worship, recreation, and education. 
The special week also provides an 
excellent occasion for families to con- 
sider themselves before God, take 
stock of their unique situations, do 
some confessing, forgiving, and then 
a lot of rededicating. 

Your church may plan a special 
family recognition service during the 
Sunday morning worship. Youth 
groups may have special discussions, 
perhaps inviting parents. Parents' 
groups will find themselves talking 
naturally about their family situa- 
tions in light of this >ear's theme. 

Hungary— Special Report and In- 
ter-Church Aid are two illustrated 
pamphlets telling the story of aid 
by the churches to those in need. 
Order them directly from the World 
Council of Churches office, 156 
Fifth Avenue, New York 10, N.Y. 

JANUARY 25, 1958 



Toward His Kingdom 

''Inasmuch As Ye 

A radio drama on BVS 
Mrs. Esther K. Grouse 

Narrator: It was in Kassel, Ger- 
many, when the young people were 
coming together from Turkey, 
Greece, Austria, Italy, France, and 
other sections of Europe for an 
European annual conference, that I 
first really felt the significance and 
the impact of the Brethren Volun- 
teer Service movement. 

I was struck by the eagerness, 
the enthusiasm, the faith and devo- 
tion, even the gauntness of their 
lighted-up faces as they shared their 
experiences in remote places where 
needs and problems were raw. 
Many bared their souls as they re- 
vealed their inner thoughts that 
came from these stretching expe- 



I was filled to overflowing. I 
felt I was on holy ground. Then 
suddenly I realized that these youth 
were doing the things we were 
always talking about doing back 
home. They were feeding the hun- 
gry, giving encouragement to the 
homeless and displaced people. 
They were clothing the cold and 
needy. They were comforting and 
ministering to the sick and disabled, 
and giving hope to the lonely and 
discouraged. They were doing the 
most menial tasks— all in the name 
of Jesus. New meaning came to 
me . . ■ "Inasmuch as ye have 
done it unto one of the least of 
these . . . , ye have done it unto 

I listened again. One voice was 
Voice J.- I learned that we can 
use the same energy for peace 
which I used for war. It took me 
seven years to think that way. 

Narrator: Another volunteer was 
Voice 2: It's not giving one hun- 
dred packages of material aid a day 
that counts, but more than that, 
it's one person helping another. 

Voice 3: I realized that fathers 
and sons had been dying for the 
cause of a better world for many 
years, but the world still wasn't 
any better. I finally registered CO. 
and after much thought entered 

"Unto the least of 

these" means not 

only giving the 

material gift but 

also stooping to 

share one's time 

and one's self, as 

does this BVS'er in 

on Austrian 

refugee camp 



Brethren Volunteer Service. We 
should think more and more of ways 
to make our work more effective. 
Every stroke counts. 

Narrator: The sharing continued 
all through the week- 
Voice 4: One feels something 
deep and sincere that prompts one 
to do what he ought to do. Then 
one becomes dependent on Christ. 

Voice 5: I am indebted to the 
church for support and to God and 
Christianity. Wherever I go, I hope 
I can five up to these things. 

Voice 6: Thought stimulates as 
we work. 

Voice 7: I keep wondering why 
my friends are refugees. I was born 
in a country with plenty— secure and 
happy— while others in other lands 
know fear and flight. I feel I must 
make it up. 

Voice 8: I didn't realize the effec- 
tiveness of Brethren fellowship until 
I left it. My religion was almost 
fellowship. I depended on it. With- 
out it I felt weak. We must bridge 
the gap between inspiration and ac- 
tion. When we do, we find religion. 

Voice 9: When you are working 
for peace and brotherhood, you 
can't expect to change things in a 
day. It's a twenty-five-year goal or 

Narrator: There were others who 
expressed themselves— 

Voice 10: Brethren Volunteer 
Service opportunities strengthen 

Voice 11: If we don't succeed at 
first, we must try again. It may 
be our method at first. Then we 
try God's way. 

Narrator: I made many resolu- 
tions that week. First, to be more 
giving from our abundance. Sec- 
ond, to encourage more youth to 
go into BVS. . . . What an impact 
these youth wiU make on our com- 
placent church routine! No wonder 
they are restless when they retumi 
. . . Another resolution was to write 
to BVS workers. . . . How they 
love those letters from home and 
friends, and even from folks they 
scarcely know! . . . Then I resolved 
to help tell the BVS story to others. 

Recent letters from new BVS'ers 

Voice 1: I have found BVS to 
be harder than one might think. 
We have to discipline ourselves to 
things which we don't want to do 
sometimes. We have our worries 
and disagreements. We have our 
high points and our low points. But 
the important thing is that each 

-The Church at Work 

time we come out of a low point, 
we reach an even higher level. 

Narrator: From a mountain proj- 
ect another volunteer writes— 

Voice 2: Oh, there is so much 
to do up here and we feel so small. 
We surely need your prayers. 

Voice 3: I went into a slum area. 
It is really pitiful how some of these 
people have to live. It should make 
us ashamed to eat half the amount 
we do. But I would just like to 
say this, BVS is really the only hfe 
to live. 

Narrator: This fellow who has 
just completed his training unit ex- 
perience and is looking foi-ward to 
his project seems to sum it all up— 
Voice 4: Brethren Volunteer 
Sei-vice is the best thing that can 
happen to a young person. I don't 
beUeve anyone would ever regret 
joining. I know I surely don't. BVS 
strengthens one's faith in his Chris- 
tian beliefs and convictions. It gives 
him the endiusiasm and courage to 
go out on projects and face what- 
ever he meets. Group hving is good 
experience. BVS helps one to devel- 
op personal devotions, and problems 
become easier to solve. My project 
is a great challenge. I am looking 
forward to it with great enthusiasm 

and the desire to serve other people. 
I know that God is with me; so I 
fear nothing. 

Narrator: Let us now humble our 
hearts in prayer: Dear Father, help 
us to get behind the ongoing pro- 
gram of volunteer service. Help us 
to write the volunteers, to support 
the program with our prayers and 
our gifts, to tell others the story, 
and to invite and encourage others 
to join in such service. We would 
remember Christ's words, "Inas- 
much as ye have done it unto the 
least of these my brethren, ye have 
done it unto me." Help us, O Fa- 
ther, to make this a doing, giving, 
living program that the world may 
know Christ and peace. Amen. 

Reprints oi this radio drama are avail- 
able from Church of the Brethren, Gener- 
al OHices, 22 S. State St., Elgin, 111. 

Elective Unit on Peace 

The Pacifist and His Power for 
Good is a four-session elective 
course on peace by Foster M. Bit- 
tinger, reprinted from the February 
1957 Brethren Bible Study Monthly. 
It is especially recommended for use 
in church school elective units or 
in Sunday evening schools of peace. 
Order from the Church of the 


FATE OF A CHILD is a new seventeen-minute film, which tells the 
story of the first child of a former mine worker in Latin America. The 
child died of a fever, you might say, but the film tells the rest of the story. 
Malnutrition, lack of proper health facilities and medical care, caused by 
living in an underdeveloped area, brought on the sickness. 

The way in which the United Nations is helping such areas to improve 
conditions is revealed. Order film from Visual Education Service, Rental, 

Brethren, General Offices; five cents 
for a single copy. Quantity rates 
will be given on request. 

India's Laymen Hold 

Ruth F. Brooks 

ONE hundred five Brethren 
from twenty-five different 
villages of the Vyara, India, 
area registered for the semiannual 
Laymen's Institute. They brought 
their own eating utensils, grains and 
flour, and paid for extias as oil, 
salt, vegetables, etc. There were 
happy reunions of former Vyara 
boarding boys now become farmers, 
teachers, carpenters, forestry work- 
ers, evangehsts. More than the 
above number were present from 
nearby villages at the night 

Monsoon, our four months of 
heavy rain, fills up the rice paddies 
and makes village roads impassable. 
Even though villagers hang up their 
cart wheels in their porches, church 
members can attend institute on 
"shanks' ponies." 

The pastor of the United Church 
of North India in Surat, Rev. 
Josephbhai G. Christian, graduate 
of Serampore Seminary, with the 
best divinity training in India, and 
Rev. A. D. Choudhri of the Evan- 
gelical Alliance Mission and the 
only Christian in the Bombay legis- 
lature, gave inspiring messages as 
guest speakers. The pastors and 
evangelistic workers of the six Vyara 
area churches also gave messages, 
as did Harlan Brooks and Lillian 

The theme was an intensive study 
of 2 Corinthians on "Paul, a Servant 
of Christ" and its many practical 
aspects for our India church. One 
pastor and several evangehsts stated 
that they had never had such a 
thorough understanding of the 
book. The group decided that they 
wanted to continue our Bible 

After the final morning session 
they moved out of the church, two 
by two, keeping in mind that 
Christ's commission to them is the 
same as to "the seventy." Let us 
pray that each may return to the 
next institute with new experiences 
of Christ's power in their own and 
others' lives. 

JANUARY 25, 1958 


Toward His Kingdom- 

Churches Begin Full-time Pastoral Program 

Blue Ridge Chapel 

began with a small group 
meeting as a Sunday-school 
class on the front porch of the Ross 
Gilbert home. Members of the 
mother church, Waynesboro, as- 
sisted with the church's organiza- 
tion, and Bro. D. B. Garber, pastor 
of the Wavnesboro church, provided 
the mission's Hrst leadership. 

A small frame building was 
erected near the Ross home in 1938 
and used for afternoon Sunday- 
school and worship services. In 
1940, on land given by W. B. Har- 
low, the group built a small church, 
enlarging it in 1942. During this 
time the pastor of the Waynesboro 
church continued to serve as their 

Blue Ridge Chapel began a joint 
pastoral program with Forest Chap- 
el in 1953. Bro. Byron Berkey was 
called to serve as their leader and 
pastor. Four years later, in 1957, 
the church decided to initiate a full- 
time pastoral program, and called 
Cecil Haycock to be their first full- 
time pastor. 

In 1954 the District of Second 
Virginia granted the mission group 
recognition as a congregation. In 
that same year ground was broken 
for a new church building. A new 
site along national highway 340 was 
selected so that the church would 

be more accessible to the commu- 
nity. With donated labor the build- 
ing was completed at a cost of only 

The church's membership growth 
has been steady. In 1954 average 
attendance for Sunday school was 
fifty-two; for church services, fifty- 
six. Average attendance has almost 
doubled. In 1957 average attend- 
ance for Sunday school was ninety- 
eight; for worship services, 101. 

The church has called three men 
to the office of deacon and one 
young man to the licensed ministry. 

On the growing edge of the city 
of Waynesboro, Va., the church an- 
ticipates greater growth in the fu- 
ture under its full-time pastoral 

Forest Chapel 

THE Forest Chapel church had 
its beginnings as a Sunday 
school in the 1880's. As a 
mission church it was under the 
direction of the Middle River Ger- 
man Baptist church and the Barren 
Ridge German Baptist church. In 
1939 the mission was organized as 
the Forest Chapel Church of the 

Prior to 1953 the church was 
served by the free ministry. That 
year with Blue Ridge Chapel the 
church began a part-time pastoral 
program. Four years later, Sept. 1, 


'^ ^ 

Dennison Studio 

Westemport church, completed and dedicated in September 1957, serves the tri-town 
area of Piedmont, W. Va., and Luke and Westemport, Md. The congregation which 
was started in 1927 with a charter membership of sixty-five now has 236 members 



1957, following the example of Blue 
Ridge Chapel, the church launched 
a full-time pastoral program with 
James McAvoy as pastor. 

Increased attendance has made 
two additions to the original build- 
ing, erected in 1900, necessary. 
Room facilities were first enlarged 
in 1940. A building project in 1955 
resulted in a total of nine Sunday- 
school rooms, a full church base- 
ment, recreation room, and kitchen. 

Notable has been the church's 
growing stewardship program. Two 
every-member canvasses in the past 
four years have resulted in increas- 
ing the giving to more than five 
times that of 1953. The total 
church work is now included in a 
unified budget. 

Attendance has remained steady 
with slight gain. Average attend- 
ance for Sunday school in 1957 was 
ninety-four; for church services, 

The church has called seven 
deacons into the work of the church 
and two young men to the ministry. 

In an area of growing opportu- 
nities for church service, this church 
is assuming greater responsibihties 
under its program of full-time pas- 
toral leadership. 

Church Observes Cen- 
tennial Year 

ON AUG. 4, 1957, the Crab 
Orchard church in West Vir- 
ginia obsei-ved its one hun- 
dredth year. Participating in the 
day's program were Mrs. Elizabeth 
Broughman, guest speaker; Elbert 
Glower and Eugene H. Kale, former 
pastors; and Mark W. Wolfe, pastor 
of the church at the time of the 
centennial observances. 

During the past ten years mem- 
bership in the Crab Orchard church 
has more than doubled. Sunday- 
school attendance has increased 
from an average of sixty to more 
than 200. This growth necessitated 
the construction of an eight-room 
addition to the church building in 

The Wolfes are now serving the 
Copper Hill church in First Vir- 
ginia. Bro. Allen H. Herr is now 
pastor of the Crab Orchard church. 

Frank Nies is serving as the first 
full-time pastor of the Tulsa Fellow- 
ship, Okla. 

-The Church at Work 

World Mission 

Continued from page four 

East Asia, we must be left free 
:o make our own choice of loy- 
ilty under the guidance of 


Most of the questions asked 
:oday by Americans concerning 
:he world mission are related to 
:he confrontation of Christian- 
ty with the non-Christian reli- 
gions. There is a revival of 
nterest in these faiths on the 
3art of Americans, as well as 
I revival within them as they 
»eek to adapt themselves to 
;heir roles in a world context. 

The Christian who visits in 
the Orient or Africa today is 
iisturbed by what he sees. 
'Why," some ask, "should we 
isk people to change their reli- 
gion? They have theirs; we 
lave ours. Shouldn't we leave 
:hem alone?" Others inquire, 
'Since religion is basic and cen- 
:ral to any culture, why should 
we introduce a religion which 
m\\ be destructive of an inher- 
ited way of life?" 

Others, more missionary- 
minded, are appalled at the 
degradation and ignorance dis- 
played on every hand, and ask, 
'How can we expect Christian- 
ity, which represents a minis- 
3ule minority in every 
iion-Westeni culture, to have 
any effect whatever in chang- 
ing the age-old religious sys- 
tems of the non-Christian 

The missionary does not seek 
to destroy an ancient way of 
life, for that is being shaken to 
its foundations by the forces of 
Western secularism. He brings 
a new integrating factor into 
life which is not destructive but 
healing and creative in the 
Formation of a new and more 
adequate culture. 

The non-Christian religions 
must be treated with respect, 

for they represent an upward 
groping of man for God. Es- 
pecially must the faith of men 
be respected, for no matter 
how misdirected or disfigured 
it may be, it was implanted in 
man's heart by the Eternal. We 
must, in other words, take gen- 
eral revelation into account. 
But, having recognized man's 
age-long search for God, we 
must meet it by a proclamation 
of God's search for man through 
special revelation— in the series 
of encounters between the self- 
revealing God portrayed in the 
history of Israel, culminating in 
the sending of Jesus Christ into 
the world. 

The great gulf between the 
Christian and the non-Christian 
is in their experience of God. 
Nothing in recent develop- 
ments within the non-Christian 
religions has yet brought them 
closer to an acceptance of the 
Christian revelation. Their con- 
cept of God is still vague, or, 
in the case of Islam, still arbi- 
trary and fatalistic. Millions of 

non-Christians still seek refuge 
in a religion compounded of 
superstition, polytheism, and 
magic. The hope for continued 
fellowship with God beyond 
this life is either clouded by 
belief in reincarnation or pre- 
sented in terms of sensual re- 
wards and punishments. 

The strength of the Christian 
witness today lies in its wit- 
nesses. We are not dealing with 
religious systems confronting 
each other, as on a debating 
platform, but with human be- 
ings, men and women who call 
themselves Shintoists, Hindus, 
Moslems, or Confucianists. Lost 
in the intricate maze of modern 
life, they are seeking the satis- 
faction of a living faith, and 
never more so than today. 
They can find that satisfaction 
through the lives of their fel- 
lows who have become Chris- 
tian, who have discovered 
Christ as the guide to faith and 

No "foreign" missionary can 
adequately make that witness. 

The Family Counselor 

Paul Hersch 
Clyde Weaver 

H. K, Zeller, Jr. 
Leah Zuck 

Jesse Ziegler 
Katherine Weaver 

The Family Counselor welcomes letters of inquiry. They may be addressed : Family 
Life Department, General Brotherhood Board, 22 S. State St., Elgin, 111. 

Our problem is the use of the 
family car. Our two teen-age boys 
argue with one another about it, 
are displeased if our plans happen 
to conflict with theirs, and then pout 
if they don't have their way. How 
can we help them see their responsi- 
bility to their parents and yet let 
them have the car once in a while, 

The family car is often (alvva\'s?) 
a problem. Most families share your 
yearning for a simple solution to 
the use of the family car. You 
can try 1) checking ahead and ar- 
ranging a schedule; 2) making plans 
and agreeing upon the sharing proc- 
ess; 3) suggesting alternatives when 
the car is not available; 4) examin- 
ing purposes for using the car and 

arranging a priority scale of need. 
Fortunately, this may help, but even 
this will not be enough! 

The pouting is a different prob- 
lem. Fair play is one thing, but 
being a poor sport is a different 
thing. We learn responsibility earli- 
er than at the teen-age level and 
we learn to share at a much earlier 
age. Sit down with your teen-age 
bo\s and talk through with them 
the whole matter of "getting and 
sharing." The bigger problem than 
having the family car just when they 
need it, is being willing to not have 
the family car every time they want 
it.-Harry K. Zeller, Ir. 

JANUARY 25. 1958 


Toward His Kingdom- 

Therefore, the younger 
churches stand in the central 
place in the conflict of religions. 
Evangelism, education, the 
ministiy of health and healing, 
social service— all these meth- 
ods are but ways by which na- 
tive Christians demonstrate the 
concern of God for the total 
life of man. Though the in- 
fant Christian churches are 
small minorities, their witness 
is clear and is having profound 

Here is a man or woman who 
lives by faith in a loving Father 
who supplies all his needs and 
sustains him in every trial. Here 
is a man or woman who stands 
out from those about him by a 
quality of life that even a non- 
Christian can recognize as 
Christlike. Here are men and 
women who are identifying 
themselves with the needs of 
their fellows— with poverty, il- 
literacy, illness, with the whole 
struggle for freedom and a bet- 
ter life. Here are men and 
women who leave this world 
with hope shining on their 
faces. This confrontation of 
Christian with non-Christian is 
the unanswerable apologetic of 
world Christianity today. 

This missionary program in 
the "foreign missionary epoch," 
which is drawing to a close, has 
been compared to a series of 
commando raids — irruptions 
from abroad upon the alien 
coast of a strange people. The 
strategy of the new era of the 
world mission is that of pene- 
tration from within, through the 
witness of the men and women 
who compose the churches es- 
tablished during the pioneer 
age of missions. 

To assist these churches in 
their witness is our great task as 
American Christians today and 



until a truly ecumenical, a gen- 
uinely world church comes into 

Reprinted by permission, from The Chap- 
lain. Copyright 1956 by The General 
Commission on Chaplains and Armed 
Forces Personnel. 

The Unfinished Task 

Continued from page 13 

ber are in government councils 
giving a witness of truth and 
integrity much needed in a 
country rapidly approaching 

In its desire to serve under 
the Lordship of Christ in the 
areas of, opportunity now open, 
because of its lack of experi- 
ence and trained leadership, the 
Church of the Brethren in Ni- 
geria feels keenly the need of 
fellowship with and help from 
the church in America. 

What is the implication of 
our theme to us in America as 
we face the need of our broth- 
ers and sisters in Nigeria? The 
desire in the words, "We would 
see Jesus" comes to us. Shall we 
send the hungry empty away? 

The Open Door 

Continued from page 14 

the government leaders of 
Northern Nigeria are Moslems 
and so this clearly shows that 
we need greater unity and 
deeper understanding. 

We need to have a theologi- 
cal seminary in which we can 
search deeper truth through the 
Bible. We need better methods 
of farming, land improvement, 
and craft or trade schools by 
which the church can be sup- 
ported out here financially. 

We need to have reading 
rooms at different places and 
in different areas and again we 
need to have a Church of the 
Brethren bookshop from which 
we can get some books. We 
need secondary schools and 

higher training for teachers for ' 
our own advancement. We ; 
know that the things of God I 
and the things of the coimtry \ 
should move abreast lest the ; 
other lag behind. Now, be- \ 
cause of all these the church 
out here needs more new mis- 
sionaries so as to continue with 
their assignments from our 
Lord and Savior. We need more 
laborers for the great work 
awaiting us. 

May the Lord Christ Jesus 
open the hearts of his people 
so that they may have more 
concern about those who are 
yet to come to the door of sal- ; 


Leech, Laura Etta, daughter of Wil- 
ham and Mary PhilHps Ticher, wa& 
born on Aug. 12, 1871, at Jonesboro,. 
Ind., and died in Dayton, Ohio, Oct. 25,. 
1957. On Jan. 14, 1906, she was mar- 
ried to Sherman B. Leech. She was 
born into a Quaker home and was ac- 
tive in that church whenever there was 
one near where she Hved. When living 
in a community where there was no 
Quaker meetinghouse, she was always 
active in tlie work of the church. Most 
recently she was a member of the Trot- 
wood church. Surviving are her hus- 
band, one daughter, one son, one 
grandson, and one brother. Funeral' 
services were conducted by Bro. Paul 
W. Kinsel in the Trotwood church. 
Burial was in the IndianapoUs, Ind.,. 
cemetery.— Mrs. Elizabeth G. Flora,. 
Trotwood, Ohio. 

Lehman, Florence E., daughter of 
Jeremiah and Minnie Kretchman, was 
born March 20, 1893, near Myersville, 
Fa., and died Oct. 14, 1957. In 1921, 
she was married to George B. Lehman, 
who died in January 1952. She was a 
member of the First church, York, Pa. 
She is survived by a son, a stepdaugh- 
ter, a granddaughter, two brothers, and 
two sisters. Bro. M. Guy West conduct- 
ed the funeral service from the Max 
G. Anstine funeral home. Interment 
was in Greenmount cemetery.— Mary A. 
Lehman, York, Pa. 

Martin, Jacob H., son of Aaron and 
Elizabeth Garber Martin, was born Feb. 
16, 1877, and died Nov. 13, 1957, at 
his home in New Paris, Ind. He was a 
charter member and deacon of the New 
Paris church. On Sept. 26, 1957, he 
and his wife, Jennie Bollinger, cele- 
brated their fifty-sixth wedding armi- 
versary. Surviving are his wife, one- 

son, two daughters, twelve grandchil- 
dren, twelve great-grandchildren, and 
one sister. Funeral services were held 
in the New Paris church by Brethren 
Eldon Evans of Argos, Ind., and Ken- 
neth Hollinger. Burial was in the New 
Paris cemetery.— Eldon Evans, Argos, 

Miller, Milton H., son of Mr. and 
Mrs. John Miller, was born April 29, 
1877, in Lebanon County, Pa., and died 
Aug. 8, 1957, at Palmyra, Pa. He was 
a member of the Lititz church. He was 
married to Emma Hmit. Surviving are 
his wife, six children, twenty-one grand- 
children and one sister. Funeral serv- 
ices were conducted by Bro. F. S. 
Carper at the Bowser's funeral home, 
Hummelstown, Pa. Interment was in 
the Union Deposit cemetery.— Mrs. 
Ernest D. Shenk, Lititz, Pa. 

Molison, Rebecca Wiley, daughter of 
John and Susan Wiley, died Oct. 1, 
1957, at the age of eighty-one years. 
She was a member of the First church, 
York, Pa. Siu-viving are two sons, eight 
grandchildren, and si.x great-grandchil- 
dren. Funeral services were held at 
the Koller funeral home by Bro. M. Guy 
West. Interment was in Mummert's 
meetinghouse cemetery, near East Ber- 
lin.— Mary A. Lehman, York, Pa. 

Paul, Frances, daughter of Philip and 
Martha Wright, was born near Cadice, 
Ind., July 8, 1903, and died Nov. 9, 
1957. On July 23, 1921, she was united 
in marriage to Oyvand Paul. In her 
early twenties, she united with the 
Buck Creek church and remained faith- 
ful until her death. Surviving are her 
husband, one son, two daughters, three 
brothers, three sisters, and six grand- 
sons. The services were conducted in 
the Buck Creek church by the under- 
signed. Burial was in the Mooreland 
cemetery.— E. S. Hollinger, Mooreland, 

Pfaltzgraff, John C, son of George 
K. and Sarah E. Trimmer Pfaltzgraff, 
died Oct. 30, 1957, at the age of fifty- 
nine years. He is survived by six broth- 
ers and sisters. Funeral services were 
held at the Shindler funeral home by 
Bro. M. Guy West. Interment was in 
the Prospect Hill cemetery.— Mary A. 
Lehman, York, Pa. 

Rairigh, Shadrach F., son of George 
and Mary Ellen Gregg Rairigh, was 
born near Johnstown, Pa., Dec. 6, 1886, 
and died Aug. 3, 1957. As a youth, he 
moved to Denton, Md., where he was 
licensed to the ministry. Later he was 
ordained to the eldership in the Wood- 
berry church in Baltimore. Surviving 
are his wife, Grace, and two sons. Fu- 
neral services were conducted by Breth- 
ren Clyde Shallenberger and Howard 
Keiper. Burial was in the Meadow 
Branch cemetery, Westminster, Md.— 
David J. Markey, Baltimore, Md. 

Reiff, Sarah, daughter of Lewis and 
Barbara Arnett Mishler, was born 
March 13, 1888, and died Nov. 11, 
1957. On Sept. 28, 1911, she was mar- 
ried to Lowell J. Reiff. She was a long- 

time member of the Pleasant View 
church and held many offices. Siuviv- 
ing are her husband, two sons, five 
grandchildren, and a foster sister. Fu- 
neral services were held in the Pleasant 
View church by Brethren Ausby Swing- 
er and R. B. Pierson. Burial was in the 
Cleveland Township cemetery.— Mrs. 
Charles Wine, South Whitley, Ind. 

Royer, Ida, daughter of Jacob and 
Mary Peters Eikenberry, was born in 
Darke County, Ohio, March 4, 1875, 
and died Aug. 3, 1957. At the age of fif- 
teen she united with the Church of the 
Bretliren. On Aug. 20, 1898, she was 
married to William Royer. Surviving 
are her husband, a daughter, two sons, 
and two brothers. Services were held in 
the Pitsburg church by Bro. George W. 
Wright. Burial was in the Mote ceme- 
tery.— Mrs. Ruth Swinger, Pitsburg, 

Slothour, Helen J., daughter of John 
and Barbara Reynolds Myers, was born 
Jan. 22, 1911, and died Aug. 2, 1957. 
She was married to Edgar Slothour. 
She was a member of the Upper Cone- 
wago church. Pa. Surviving are her 
husband, eight children, her father and 
stepmother, four sisters, one brother, 
and one half sister. Funeral services 
were held at Mummerts meetinghouse, 
near East Berlin, Pa., by Elders Bruce 
Anderson and J. Monroe Danner. Burial 
was in the adjoining cemetery.— Frances 
E. Shaffer, East Berlin, Pa. 

Wheeler, Harrison B., son of George 
L. and Rosalie Slatten Wheeler, was 
born near Carbondale, Kansas, Aug. 11, 
1888, and died Oct. 30, 1957, in Otta- 
wa, Kansas. He was married to Olive 
Blickenstaff on Jan. 30, 1910. He united 
with the Ottawa church in October 
1911, and soon after he was elected to 
the office of deacon, serving as chair- 
man of tlie deacon body for many years. 
He was secretary of the Mutual Aid 
Association of the Church of the Breth- 
ren for more than twenty-three years. 
He is survived by his wife and one 
sister. Funeral service was held at the 
Ottawa church by Bro. L. A. Fleming 
of Warrensburg, Mo., assisted by Elder 
W. B. DeVilbiss and Bro. Gerald Mease. 
Burial was in the Highland cemetery.— 
Mrs. Roy Gerhard, Ottawa, Kansas. 

Church News 

Northern Illinois and Wisconsin 
Chippewa Valley— Officers were elect- 
ed at die fall council wliich was held 
in September and moderated by our 
pastor. The youth rally was held on 
Sept. 28 and 29. Women from four 
other congregations were present at tlie 
women's rally on Oct. 27. Mrs. Estella 
Erb, missions representative of the dis- 
trict, gave two talks, one during tlie 
Sunday-school hour and one at the 
afternoon session. Our prayer meetings 
are very well attended. One day this 
summer tlie ladies' aid canned eighty- 

six quarts of apple sauce for a mother 
who had to care for those who were 
sick.— Mrs. Floyd Root, Mondovi, Wis. 
Polo— New members were honored at 
a basket dinner. While our pastor, Bro. 
Hubert Newcomer, was in the hospital 
the morning message was brought by 
Bro. Dean Frantz of Mt. Morris, 111. 
Our church took part in the Polo cen- 
tennial celebration by singing in the 
community choir and entering a ffoat 
in the parade. A farewell was given for 
the Newcomer family. Our delegates 
reported on the district meeting which 
about eighty members of our church 
attended. Twelve of our women at- 
tended the workshop at Gamp Emniaus. 
At our fall council meeting Don Snider 
of Dixon, 111., was elected moderator. 
Brother Masterson and Bro. Wilburn 
Lewallen brought the messages until 
our new pastor arrived from Nokesville, 
Va. Carol Plum spent five weeks as a 
volunteer service worker at Mill Moun- 
tain, Va. Our evangelistic meetings 
were held in November.— Mrs. Maynard 
Wisner, Polo, 111. 

Southern Illinois 

Astoria— Officers for the coming year 
were elected at our July business meet- 
ing. We conducted a day camp in June 
at Camp Emmanuel. Our home and 
family life director sponsored an all- 
church night and a mother and daugh- 
ter social. Our church was well repre- 
sented at all the summer camps at 
Camp Emmanuel. We assisted in the 
county-wide religious census in Sep- 
tember. Bro. Elvin D. Frantz of Spring- 
field was the speaker at the special 
dedication service for our new pews 
and church furniture on Sept. 22. Our 
women continue to collect grease, cloth- 
ing, and bedding for rehef. Tliey also 
sent an offering for seeds-of-hope. Guest 
speakers have been Brethren Ralph 
Johnson, William Bray, Wilham Leib, 
Charles Leib, Ira Hiatt, Dewey Cave, 
M. H. Whisler, and Elvin Frantz. One 
evening Nedra Reibling, who spent a 
year in the Lybrook Indian mission in 
New Mexico, showed pictures and told 
of her work there. Brother Charles 
Stouder began our evangelistic serv- 
ices on Oct. 28.-Mrs. Jesse Wherley, 
Browning, 111. 

Northern Indiana 

Little Pine— Bro. Harry Eshelman offi- 
ciated at our love feast. We studied 
missions for one montli. Our mother 
and daughter banquet was held at the 
home of Mrs. Robert Kline. Brother and 
Sister Robert Ryman were our delegates 
to Annual Conference at Richmond, Va. 
The children gave a program on June 
9. On July 7, Alta Housour, a mis- 
sionary to Formosa told of her work 
there. Bro. Dale Hess showed the pic- 
tures, You Are the Church on July 28 
and Seek Ye First on Sept. 29.-Mrs. 
Porter Bechtel, Elkhart, Ind. 

JANUARY 25. 1958 


i cmsm 

Cherokee Run 

Barbara Claassen Smucker 

This is the story of 12-year- 
old Katie, the daughter of a 
Mennonite family, and their 
participation in the Cherokee 
Strip Run in 1893. For 9-14 
year-old youth. $2.50 



Elgin, Illinois 

Middlebury— Our pastor attended a 
peace woritshop at Bethany Seminary 
in Chicago, Aug. 12 to 18. Dan West 
of our local church was the co-director. 
The delegates to district conference, 
Mrs. Junior Sherck and Mrs. Glen 
Bowman, gave reports at our Sunday 
morning service on Aug. 18. Our con- 
gregation joined the churches of the 
town in an evangelistic service held at 
the high school. Tlie fellowship class 
of our church sponsored a potluck sup- 
per and pound shower for the new 
German family, Mr. and Mrs. Artu 
Taege and their three children, who 
are making their home on the Dan 
West farm. Bro. Russell West of Wiley, 
Colo., conducted a ten-day evangelistic 
meeting. On the final evening of our 
meeting the Pleasant Valley congrega- 
tion joined with us for the love feast. 
Three were baptized.— Glenna Kindy, 
Middlebury, Ind. 

Osceola— Our elder, Bro. Charles 
Stouder was in charge of our quarterly 
council meeting on Oct. 9. Our former 
pastor, Bro. Edward Stump, has retired 
from active service. Bro. Harold Miller 
is now serving our church. We had a 
successful program of stewardship. Bro. 
Roy Myers of Pennsylvania began our 
revival meeting on Oct. 20; after a 



week Brother Myers was called home 
on account of a death in the family.— 
Eva Pontius, Elkhart, Ind. 

Plymouth— On Aug. 2,5 our young 
people sponsored a vesper service for 
the church; tlie speakers were Miss 
Wiatt of Oklahoma and Miss Juarequi 
of Bolivia, South America, county mi- 
grant workers. Our junior highs attend- 
ed the fall rally at Elkliart on Sept. 5. 
Two have been baptized. Bro. T. E. 
George of Goshen was our guest speak- 
er in the morning worship service on 
Sept. 15. In the evening Bro. Mark 
Schrock showed pictures and spoke on 
Russia. The young people attended the 
district fall conference at Go.shen on 
Sept. 14 and 15. The men's fellowship 
is again sponsoring after-game recrea- 
tion. On Sept. 29 last year's church 
school workers were honored at a rec- 
ognition luncheon and at the evening 
service. On Oct. 6 we had promotion 
service and a dedication service for our 
church school workers. On Oct. 17 the 
ladies had their women's work tea and 
prayer pal exchange. Rev. Milton 
Petzold of the United Church of Christ 
of Plymouth was the guest speaker for 
the morning worship on Oct. 20. In 
the evening Anetta Mow spoke on the 
churches of Lebanon.— Mrs. Raymond 
Ullery, Plymouth, Ind. 

Southern Indiana 

Muncie— Our church has purchased a 
plot of sixteen acres for a new church 
site on the northwest side of the city. 
We have had a loyalty dinner and an 
every-member campaign, and planning 
and building committees have been ap- 
pointed. Several of our youth attended 
Camp Mack and the youth camp for 
Southern Indiana in conjunction with 
district meeting. Brother and Sister 
Dale Brubaker are two of the youth ad- 
visors. District meeting delegates were 
Elizabeth Sprinkle and Dale Brubaker. 
Five of our women received awards at 
district meeting for Fellowship of 
Growth-in-Service. In September our 
CBYF entertained the Richmond and 
Antioch youth. Some of our women 
attended the women's workshop at 
Beech Grove on Sept. 19.— Elizabeth 
Sprinkle, Muncie, Ind. 


Beaverton— During the latter part of 
the summer the men worked on the 
addition to the church. It is now en- 
closed and painted. In our September 
council meeting church and church 
.school officers were elected. On Sept. 
21, Bro. Carl Hilbert of Hagerstown, 
Ind., was our guest speaker. On Sept. 
29 officers and teachers were installed 
by Bro. Arthur Whisler, who served as 
part-time pastor from Sept. 1 until Dec. 
1, when Brother Hilbert came as our 
full-time pastor. Elma Rau was ap- 
pointed director of the 250th Anniver- 
sary celebration in our church. A 
goodly number attended the Michigan 
district conference in August. On Sun- 
day evening, Oct. 13, Bro. Ernest Jehn- 

sen conducted a service emphasizing the ; 
teacher's place in the program of Chris- ; 
tian education. In the morning service ! 
of Oct. 27, Bro. Joe Noffsinger, a junior 1 
at Manchester College, discussed altern- 
ative service. Our young people con- i 
ducted a hymn sing on the evening of j 
Oct. 27. Our children's department had i 
a white-gift service during the church I 
school hour on Dec. 22.— Mrs. Charles '- 
E. Ward, Beaverton, Mich. 

Lansing— Bro. Mark Schrock gave a 
report of his trip to Russia at the 
Heifer Project program. While our pas- 
tor was away, S. N. Forkner of the 
Lansing Council of Churches and 
Bretliren Royal Frantz and Stewart 
Kauffman filled our pulpit. Our Bible 
school was held in July. On Sept. I 
our new pastor, Bro. Millard Wilson, 
preached his first sermon. Bro. Robert 
Eby, district moderator, was in charge 
of the installation services for Brother 
and Sister Wilson, at which the pastors 
of three local churches and a small 
group from nearby Brethren churches 
were present. Bro. Wayne Wheeler 
was elected our moderator at the July 
council. LaVerne Wheeler showed 
slides of Europe on Oct. 13. On Oct. 
20 Brother and Sister George Kreps, 
who have served in Ecuador, told about 
the work there.— Mrs. Emma Engle, 
Lansing, Mich. 

Midland— Our men entered a Softball 
team in the city league. Thirteen wom- 
en have started a second women's work 
group. A survey was made to find the 
interests of and the areas in which our 
people might serve. This was helpful 
in naming officers and committees for 
the new church year. Mrs. Palmer and 
Mrs. Wheeler were our delegates to dis- 
trict conference. On Oct. 29 we had 
promotion for the Sunday school and a 
consecration service for the Sunday- 
school and church officers. That eve- 
ning the congregation met for an aU- 
chiu-ch planning night. The men did 
the outside concrete work at our par- 
sonage. Special meetings were held 
Oct. 27-Nov. 3 by Bro. Mark Schrock. 
—Mrs. R. L. Polzin, Saginaw, Mich. 

Northeastern Ohio 
East Nimishillen— Our minister and 
his wife spent a week at Camp Zion 
helping in the junior high camp. Spe- 
cial events have been a community 
survey, reports of the district meeting, 
and presentation of a program at the 
county home. A number of our mem- ' 
hers are serving in district offices: Ben- 
nett Shoemaker, Merlin Shull, Betty 
Albright, Grace Shull, and Wilbur Shoe- 
maker. Carroll Anstine is in BVS this 
year, having just completed her two 
months' training at New Windsor, Md.— 
Mrs. A. J. Brumbaugh, Hartville, Ohio. 
Eastwood— In July we had a week of 
meetings with Bro. Ralph Schlosser of 
Elizabethtown, Pa., the evangelist. Our 
love feast was held on World Commun- 
ion Day. Our adult Sunday-school class 
has planted new shrubbery on our 
church grounds. The junior high girls 

•lass contributed $48 to Brethren Serv- 
ce. The ladies' aid group recently gave 
1100 to the church building fund. We 
o-operated with the other churches of 
he city in the Halloween UNICEF col- 
ection. Fifty of our young people and 
hildren attended the camp at Camp 
'ion.— Mrs. John G. Miller, N. Canton, 

Freeburg— Our daily vacation Bible 
chool held the first two weeks of June 
i^as well attended. Children from all 
hree age groups attended the sinnmer 
amps at Camp Zion. Our pastor and 
lis wife helped in the camps. Several 
if our congregation, as well as the 
ielegates, attended the district meeting 
ate in August. The men's work and 
somen's work jointly sent a heifer for 
elief. Our pastor held installation serv- 
;es for Sunday-school and church offi- 
ers the last Sunday of September. We 
bserved the World Day of Commun- 
3n with a love feast. Rev. Charles 
Jarrick of the nearby E.U.B. church was 
he guest speaker at our rally day and 
lomecoming on Oct. 13.— Mrs. Richard 
)ysle, Paris, Ohio. 

West Nimishillen — Three services 
lave highlighted the month of October: 
ally day on Oct. 6 with promotion; 
ledication of babies on Oct. 13, a 
ervice at which Bro. Edwin Petry 
trought a message on The Responsibil- 
ty of Parents; home-coming on Oct. 20, 
t which Reverend Thomas of the Hav- 
:n of Rest mission was the guest speak- 
r. In the afternoon the Hartville sing- 
rs brought a program of music— Mrs. 
lay Hoffman, Suffield, Ohio. 

Northwestern Ohio 
Fostoria— Our pastor, Paul Haworth, 
nd Eleanor Painter conducted an ex- 
erimental laboratory training session 
3r our high school youth during the 
acation church school. Five juniors 
nd two leaders and six junior highs 
nd two leaders attended Camp Moun- 
ain Lake. Two of our youth were 
resent at the CBYF cabinet workshop 
t the same camp. Leonard L. Suavely 
/as one of the three from our district 
iresent at the Peace workshop at Beth- 
ny Seminary in Chicago. The annual 
Irethren Home day was held on Aug. 
5 at the home. Our women canned 
pple sauce for use at Camp Mountain 
..ake. Our district junior high directors, 
it. and Mrs. Harold Eberly, were in 
harge of two rallies, at which there 
/as perfect attendance. Our pastor and 
wo others attended the regional con- 
erence at North Manchester. Marie 
)ull and Lena Hall were delegates to 
district meeting. Mr. and Mrs. Harold 
iberly and Mr. and Mrs. Carl Fruth 
/ere installed in the permanent office 
f deacon on Nov. 3. Bro. A. P. 
iusselman preached the installation 
ermon.— Fannie Frederick, Fostoria, 

Silver Creek-Rev. Gordon Zimmer- 
aan of Wauseon, Ohio, was the speak- 
r at the father and son fellowship 

Bewvtiotii \jyi Adult GmifA 



Here is resource material for both group worship services and 
personal moments of quiet thought. Bible-centered and concerned with 
counsel on today's problems, the material is simple, direct, easy to read 
and understand. 

As further help Mr. Fridy includes in this book a section of Worship 
Aids after each devotion. These special sections are to assist the leader 
in conducting the worship program. Included for each devotion are 
two hymns, a Scripture lesson, and a prayer. 

In addition Mr. Fridy has written devotions for six special days: 
New Year's, Palm Sunday, Easter, Mother's Day, Father's Day, and 
Christmas. A helpful index is a further aid to the worship leader in 
building his program and to the individual in seeking references for his 


Spiritual truths from slang expressions 





Roy L. 

A noted religious writer here analyzes mod- 
ern American slang— revealing to us the spiritual 
truths that are to be found in these common, 
everyday phrases. 

Dr. Smith feels that the original phrase may 
have been the result of a clever effort to express 
an elusive idea, but unthinking use of slang has 
denuded it of its true meaning and it has become 
merely a substitute for intelligent conversation. 

In these pages the author has taken ten of 
the most common of these prefabricated phrases 
and interpreted them in the light of Biblical truths, 
showing the true Christian thought behind each 
of the common e,xpressions. The phrases are: 
Who do you think you are? What's going on 
here? Make mine the same. How are you doing? 
Where's the fire? Where do you think you're 
going? So what? Do you think you own the 
earth? Don't kid yourself! What's the big idea? 

Here are some good sermon subjects, ideas for 
devotional talks, camp discussions, and personal 
devotional reading, with added color and flavor- 
ing. $2.00 


Elgin, Illinois 

sponsored by men's work. Lucile Long 
Strayer spoke at the mother and daugh- 
ter fellowship. Sister Martha Bashor 
was the leader of the vacation Bible 
school. While our pastor, Robert Fry- 
man, was at Annual Conference, Bro. 
James Guthrie of the Fairview church 
and Bro. Robert J. Cole, who is attend- 
ing medical school at the University of 
Cincinnati, were guest speakers. Sister 
Anna Warstler was the leader at the 
women's district rally. Our home-com- 
ing and harvest meeting was held on 
Sept. 22. Chalmer and Mary Faw of 

Chicago, 111., were the speakers. Bro. 
Kenneth Long of Goshen, Ind., was the 
evangelist for our revival meeting held 
Oct. 8-20. Nine juniors and intermedi- 
ates attended summer camp. The 
ladies' aid has one night meeting a 
month so that the young mothers can 
attend. Mrs. J. W. Billman of Lagrange, 
Ind., showed pictures and told of her 
recent trip to Japan.— Bertha Marks, 
Fayette, Ohio. 

JANUARY 25. 1958 


Stony Creek— Bro. John Tomlonson 
was installed as our new pastor on 
Sept. 29. Bro. A. P. MusseLman, tlie 
district field secretary, brought tlie 
message. Evangelistic services were 
conducted in September by Homer 
Kiracofe. Five persons were baptized. 
Several of our young people attended 
the youth conference at Deshler on 
Sept. 21 and 22. Three junior highs 
accompanied by the pastor participated 
in the district rally at Tiffin on Sept. 28. 
Bro. A. Wayne Carr of Carr and Asso- 
ciates met with us on Oct. 13 in tlie 
interests of our fund-raising campaign. 
He returned tlae beginning of the new 
year to aid in our building program.— 
Mrs. Mary Early, Bellefontaine, Ohio. 

Sugar Creek— Brother J. Oliver Bear- 
ing was re-elected moderator at our 
•council meeting held on Aug. 27. Dur- 
ing the month of October five adult 
Sunday-school classes studied steward- 
ship. Rev. James Welty of the Lima 
Rescue Home and Brethren A. P. Mus- 
seknan and Walter Binkley filled the 
pulpit during the absence of our pastor 
the latter part of September. Our board 
of education and all the teachers met 
on Oct. 10 to plan the work of the 
Sunday school for the coming year. The 
• dedication of the church and Sunday- 
school officers and teachers was held on 
Oct. 13. The work on the church is 
nearing completion. Many projects 
have been undertaken by the Sunday- 
school classes and men's and women's 
work to complete the furnishing of the 
church.— Mrs. Doris D. Fisher, Lima, 

Southern Ohio 

Covington— Bro. Millard Wilson, who 
was leaving on Sept. 1, was presented 
a farewell gift at the time of our church 
school picnic on Aug. 11. We held a 
reception on Aug. 31 for our new pas- 
tor, Bro. R. K. Higgins, and his family, 
who came from Elkhart, Ind. On Sept. 
1, after a timely sermon by Bro. Moyne 
Landis, certificates of church member- 
ship for Brother and Sister Higgins and 
their son were received. Then he was 
installed as our pastor after reaffirming 
his ordination vows. Our parsonage is 
being remodeled. One has been re- 
ceived by letter. Ray Porter, Jr., and 
Ttiis wife have been installed in the office 
of deacon. On Oct. 6 new church 
officers were consecrated, and our 
communion was held in the evening. 
Visitation teams of the women's work 
went to the homes of shut-ins and then 
reported at the church afterwards. The 
pastor and his wife and Mr. and Mrs. 
Harold Manning attended the regional 
conference at North Manchester. On 
the evening of Oct. 27 the choir pre- 
sented a program. The offering will be 
used to purchase a piano. On the eve- 
ning of Oct. 20 the film. The Split-Level 
Family, was shown sponsored by the 
women's work.— Ethel Manning, Cov- 
ington, Ohio. 



Brethren Placement and 
Relocation Service . . 

This column is conducted as a free 
service in the interests of placement and 
relocation. It does not provide for the 
advertising of goods or property for 
sale or rent. Information on rates for 
paid advertising may be obtained from 
the Brethren Pubhshing House. 

The right to edit and reject notices 
is reserved. Since no verification of 
notices is made no responsibility can 
be assumed. 

When writing to the Brethren Place- 
ment Service about a notice, it is neces- 
sary that the number of the notice be 
given. Write Brethren Placement Serv- 
ice: 22 S. State St., Elgin, III. 

Office Work 

No. 327. Skilled office worker, high 
school graduate with additional night 
courses in bookkeeping and foreign 
languages. Accurate with figures, ex- 
perienced in operation of IBM type- 
writer, adding and calculating machine. 
Wants permanent position, preferably 
as assistant bookkeeper or invoicing 
clerk in Washington, D. C, or vicinity. 
Contact: Mr. G. DeWinter, 1341 Sara- 
toga Ave., N. E., Apt. 483 D, Washing- 
ton 18, D. C. 

Nursing and Medical Work 

No. 328. Nurses urgently needed for 
immediate employment at the Brethren 
Service Hospital, Castaiier, Puerto Rico. 
Two-year or three-year term of service. 
Also openings within six months or a 
year. Write to: Brethren Service Com- 
mission, General Brotherhood Board, 
22 S. State St., Elgin, 111. 

No. 329. Doctors urgently needed 
for the Brethren Service hospital at 
Castaner, Puerto Rico. Opportunity to 
render Christian service in community 
and church. Two-year or three-year 
terms of service or consideration of 
permanent location. Spring, 1958. 
Write to: Brethren Service Commission, 
General Brotherhood Board, 22 S. State 
St., Elgin, 111. 

No. 330. Doctor: Young medical 
doctor wanted to take over the office 
of a Brethren physician. Eye speciabst; 
preferred; general practitioner accept-' 
able. Strong Brethren church in the 
community. Position open for immedi-j 
ate placement. Contact: Mrs. S. S.I 
Conner, 147 West King Street, Waynes- \ 
boro, Pennsylvania. 

No. 323. Bethany Hospital has ani 
opening for a nurse with supervisory^ 
ability. Contact: Miss Olga Bendsen,^ 
Personnel, Bethany Hospital, 3420 W. 
Van Buren St., Chicago, 111. 

Farm Work ' 

No. 325. Wanted: A 36-year-old,' 
unmarried man with 12 years of farm 
experience, desires work on a farm or 
in a farming community. Has his own 
car. Can operate most tractors and ma- : 
chinery. Direct queries to Lawrence 
E. Cook, R. 3, Albia, Iowa. 

No. 326. Wanted: Young married, 
couple to work on dairy and grain, 
farm. Modern home and modern ma- 
chinery. One mile from very active ', 
Church of the Brethren. On school ; 
bus route to consolidated school in 
town of 1,100. Excellent opportunity 
for an industrious young couple. Con- 
tact: Robert Reiff, Secretary-Treasurer, 
Placement Committee Service, Church 
of the Brethren, Milledgeville, 111. 


No. 322. Brethren man, 40 years of 
age, married, two small children, de- 
sires to locate near a Church of the 
Brethren in California or the Midwest. 
He is a skilled mechanic and in recent 
years has worked in a supervisory po- 
sition in a laboratory in northern New 
York. References can be supphed. For 
further information contact: Brethren 
Placement Service, 22 S. State St., El- 
gin, m. 

No. 324. Elderly lady, member of the 
First Church of the Brethren, residing 
in Philadelphia, desires a woman assist- 
ant in her home, willing to cook and do 
light housework. Salary and pleasant 
surroundings. Mrs. C. M. Rosenberger, 
4908 N. Camac Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 


West Milton— Thirteen of our young 
people assisted in a work project at 
Flat Creek, Ky., this past summer. 
Three Boy Scouts from our church at- 
tended the International Camporee at 
Valley Forge, Pa., in June. John Huf- 
faker, our student minister, served as 
pastor in Glacier National Park last 
summer. West Milton union Reforma- 
tion Day services were held in our 
church. Rev. William Zimman, the 
minister of the First Lutheran church 
in Dayton, was the speaker. Recently, 
thirty members of the men's organiza- 
tion met with the Salem church men's 
club for a dinner meeting, at which 
Dr. Loren Stine spoke. Brethren Paul 
Robinson and A. Blair Helman were 

the speakers for the Sunday session of 
the Southern Ohio district meeting 
held in the West Milton high school 
auditorium. On Oct. 27, Mr. and Mrs. 
Howard Dohner held open house in 
honor of Joseph Dohner's ninetieth 
birthday. Bro. Ellis Guthrie of Eaton, 
Ohio, conducted ovu: evangelistic serv- 
ices, which began on Nov. 10. Pastor 
Perry L. Huffaker, Brethren representa- 
tive of the radio and TV committee of ' 
the Federation of Churches of Greater 
Dayton, planned for Brethren leader- 
ship for the Sunday programs during 
the montlr of December. The third and 
final session of the Southern Ohio mu- 
sical institute was held in our church 
on Nov. 24 with our pastor as leader of 


he session.— Rowena W. Mishler, Day- 
on, Ohio. 

Eastern Pennsylvania 

Conewago— On July 17 construction 
vork began on the new annex to the 
Jachmanville house. The annex, a 
irick two-story structure, will provide 
est rooms, a kitchen, and nursery, 
kindergarten, and ten other Sunday- 
ichool rooms. We are also planning to 
enovate the present church structure 
vhich was built in 1911. The main 
luditorium will have a seating capacity 
)f 408. Thus far, the members have 
;iven over 3,000 hours of free labor. 
Ne hope to dedicate the church in the 
;arly part of 1958. In achieving this 
)b]ective the local church is co-operat- 
ng with the church at large in the 
proposed program of church outreach, 
i^amily night was observed witli a 
;overed-dish supper and a program 
eaturing the pictures. The Church 
serves the Family and For the Record, 
^n September four of our women helped 
iron and mend at the Neffsville 
)rphanage. Bro. Hartman Rice was the 
evangelist for our meetings held on 
sept. 2-15. Six persons were baptized 
md two received by letter. Our guest 
ipeaker for the harvest home service 
vas Bro. Ralph Heisey. Because of the 
Duilding program in our church our 
ove feast was held in the Hanoverdale 
church. Brethren Frank Carper and 
Donald Martin were visiting ministers. 
rhe film. Bill's Decision, was shown by 
:he Temperance Committee. Mrs. Jean 
Wine was guest speaker for our mother 
md daughter fellowship.— Ellen E. 
i'oung, Hershey, Pa. 

Fredericksburg— Harold Fahnestock 
:>{ the Big Swatara congregation was 
^uest speaker at the Children's Day 
program in the Fredericksburg church. 
Children's Day program at the Meyer 
;hurch was followed by a lunch and 
Fellowship period at which our elder- 
in-charge, Howard W. Bernliard, was 
speaker. A program of music was pre- 
sented by the Wampler quartet on 
fune 16. Our delegate, Ammon B. 
Mayer, reported on Annual Conference. 
Under the sponsorship of the local 
youth fellowship Anna Mae Geesaman 
of Little Swatara showed slides and 
spoke of her experiences in BVS in the 
Modesto, Calif., area. Our men's work 
group sponsored a father and son cov- 
ered dish fellowship in the Meyer 
church. The CBYF of Lake Ridge, 
N. Y., were guests of our youth group 
at a week-end retreat in our church. A 
German sermon was part of the morn- 
ing worship service at the Moonshine 
church on July 21. Bus transportation 
for children attending the vacation 
Bible school, held Aug. 5-19 in the 
Meyer church, was provided by tlie 
men's work organization. J. Gibble, 
youth field worker for Eastern Penn- 
sylvania, spent two days witli our CBYF 
to help plan next year's activities. The 
CBYF group spent July 26 and 27 with 
the Chiques CBYF, who conducted a 

COil/llMC ! 

FEBRUARY l,.9se 


{or e^ch ^Jt^nior-Hi^h |-i 
in \jour church* . . "'" 


February (4 issues) FREE — March (5 issues) ^V^ cents 

(Regular price; Single, 45c per quarter: 
5 or more to one address, 40c per quarter) 

Order cards have been sent to every superintendent 
and church school secretary. 



Elgin, Illinois 

spiritual retreat at their Mt. Hope 
church, where love feasts were formerly 
held. Harold Z. Bomberger of Harris- 
burg was guest speaker at the mission- 
ary program held in tlie Meyer church 
on Aug. 18. Four persons were bap- 
tized on Sept. 1. Caleb Kreider of 
Annville was the guest minister at the 
harvest home service in the Fredericks- 
burg church on Sept. 1. J. C. Wine, 
missionary to Nigeria on furlough, was 
speaker at our Christian Workers serv- 

ice in tlie Fredericksburg chiurch on 
Sept. 22. A service of installation was 
held for the Sunday-school teachers and 
officers of our congregation. Enos 
Heisey of Heidelberg was speaker at 
our peace service sponsored by the 
board of Christian education on Oct. 6 
in the Fredericksburg church. Frank 
Layser of Myerstown was the speaker 

JANUARY 25, 1958 




R. D. or St. 

P. O Zone State 

Help us to keep your Gospel Messenger coming by reporting any change in 
address promptly. Please do not remove old address. 







Brethren, If You Are Planning A Trip To 
Florida, We Invite You To Visit Any Or 
All Of Our Churches. If You Are Planning 
To Move To Florida, We Invite You To 
Settle In The City Of Your Choice, And 
Unite With One Of Our Churches. 



at the Meyer church on Oct. 13. Visit- 
ing ministers at the love feast on Oct. 
19 and 20 were Harold H. Fahnestock 
of Big Swatara and Henry T. Becker of 
Florin.— Grace E. Meyer, Ono, Pa. 

Harrisburg— Brigitte Achberger, ex- 
change student from Graz, Austria, is 
making her home with the Clyde Hochs. 
Hearing-aid facilities have been in- 
stalled in a number of pews in the 
sanctuary. On Oct. 6 two separate love 
feast services were held to accommo- 
date the membership. Our elder, Bro. 
Ralph W. Schlosser, preached in the 
morning and also olRciated at the first 
service. Our pastor, Bro. Wayne Zunkel, 
presided at the second service, the 
senior members of tlie congregation 
were honored at a golden age dinner at 
the church on Oct. 27 following the 
morning service. Bro. Robert Sherfy, 
pastor of the church at Harrisonburg, 
Va., was our guest minister Oct. 27-30. 
A youth choir has been formed, with 
Mrs. Glenn Sanner and Mrs. Harold 
Hammaker as co-directors. We have 
inaugurated the undershepherd plan.— 
Mrs. Roy L. Fyock, Harrisburg, Pa. 

Palmyra— During the month of Sep- 
tember our entire membership was in- 
vited to attend a basket luncheon. The 
occasion was to welcome our new as- 
sociate pastor and his wife. Brother and 
Sister Donald Rummel. On Sept. 15 
we held our annual harvest home serv- 
ice; the gifts of food were then taken 
to the Neffsville Orphanage. Follow- 
ing the Sept. 22 service, at which the 
new church officers as well as Brother 
and Sister Rummel were installed, the 
officials had their annual dinner. The 
young adults served 715 at the sixth 
annual smorgasbord. Six hundred and 
four communicants participated in com- 
munion on World Communion Sunday. 
Our fifty voice chancel choir gave a 
concert of sacred music at the Chiques 
church sponsored by the Music and 

Worship Commission of Eastern Penn- 
sylvania. Eleven children have been 
consecrated. Dean McAuley of Eliza- 
bethtown College held our Bible in- 
stitute. On Oct. 27 the young people 
presented a temperance play. In No- 
vember we had an every-member can- 
vass for the building fund and the 
budget.— Mrs. Paul Dietz, Palmyra, Pa. 

Classified Advertising 

Brethren Heritage Tour: Travel- 
ing through seven countries by 
chartered bus, equipped with 
snack bar, reclining seats, toilet 
facilities. Tour includes Anniver- 
sary conference in Kassel and 
Schwarzenau. Leave New^ York by 
air (K. L. M.), July 7. Return to 
New York, Aug. 11. Complete cost 
$995. For further inquiry write: 
Brethren Heritage Tour, Manches- 
ter College, North Manchester, Ind. 

Says Brethren 
Lije & Thought: 
"Sweeps away 
outli,nes the 
plight and prom- 
ise of Christian- 
ity today. How 
churches round 
the world are 
describing and 
per forming 
their tasks." 
$2.50 at book- 

291 B'way N.Y.C. 7 


"No!" says 

in The New 
Ordeal of 



for the Protestant Church Choir 


644 Anthems described and listed by title, first line, topic, 
and occasion; author, composer, textual and musical sources; 
voice parts, difficulty, length, and publisher. 

Chapters include: The Choir in Protestant Worship— Some 
Criteria for Choir Music— How to Use This Book— Standard List— 
A Cappella Standard List-Current List-A Cappella Current List- 
Topical Index; The Church Year-Index of First Lines-Index of 
Composers, Arrangers, Musical Sources— Index of Authors, Trans- 
lators, Textual Sources. $4.50 


C Austen c^ Cne^^l^ie^n/ie/t^ 


FEBRUARY 1. 1958 

Much w 


Gary Williams 

HEN it is time to pack up and leave for home after a busy 
conference, you discover that your luggage cannot carry all you 
want to take with you. These young men, for example, have just 
spent four busy days at a Washington seminar, and now it is time 
to pack all their literature, notes, and souvenirs, as well as neces- 
sary clothing, for the return trip to their college. But the week was 
full of experiences and their suitcases are bulging. Fortunately 
they also leave for home with newly furnished memories, with ideas 
for pondering in the weeks ahead, and with resolves for putting 
their convictions to work and their Christian principles in practice. 
It is that way with church-sponsored conferences— there is al- 
ways too much to absorb in a few crowded days and you return 
home laden down with the surplus of ideas, plans, and good in- 
tentions. Some of the ideas fail, some plans falter, and some 
intentions are forgotten, but a surprising number of the values 
remain, so much so that a conference goer is never quite the same 
person he was before he left home. 

Gospel Messenger 

''Thy Kingdom Come" 


ELIZABETH WEIGLE - Editorial Assistant 


to the editor 

The Gospel Messenger welcomes letters commenting on editorials, articles and 
news. Letters should be brief and brotherly. 

Don't Let the Fire Go Out 

gan of the Church of the Brethren. 
Published weekly by the General Broth- 
erhood Board, Norman J. Baugher, Gen- 
eral Secretary, 22 S. State St., Elgin, 111., 
at $3.50 per annum in advance. Life 
subscription, $50, husband and wife, $60. 
Entered at the post office at Elgin, III, 
as second-class matter. Acceptance for 
mailing at special rate of postage pro- 
vided for in section 1103, Act of October 
3, 1917, authorized Aug. 20, 1918. 
Printed in U.S.A. 

MEMBER: The Associated Church Press 

SUBSCRIBER: Religious News Service, 

Ecumenical Press Service, World Around 


Volume 107 Number 5 

FEBRUARY 1, 1958 

In This Number . . . 

Editorial — 

Too Much to Absorb 1 

Economic Aid for India 5 

The General Forum — 

Levels of Excellence. Kermit Eby ... 3 
Brethren History Is Not Behind Us. 

H. Austin Cooper 6 

The Church's Responsibilities. 

Roswell P. Barnes 10 

You Can Help the Mentally 111. 

Wesley Brubaker 12 

Family Fun Fare 13 

Reviews of Recent Books 15 

Family Counselor 25 

News — 

Kingdom Gleanings 16 

News and Comment From Around the 

World 18 

Church News 30 

Toward His Kingdom — 

This Is the Place. Donald E. Rowe . . 20 

Project-of-lhe-Month for February ... 21 

Our German Co-Workers 22 

World Friendship Book to Japan .... 24 
District Trains Local Church Workers. 

Harold Z. Bomberger 25 

Progress Comes to Dille. Irven Stern 26 
Waka Medical Work. 

Veda Liskey, R. N 27 

"We Thank God for All Things." 

Monroe and Ada Good 27 

The first Bible printed in a for- 
eign language in America was in 
1743 in Germantown, Pennsylvania, 
by Christopher Sower, when he 
published a Bible in German. From 
his press also came a succession of 
hymnbooks, devotional books, and 
religious magazines. 


Brother Wilson's article which ap- 
peared in the Nov. 10 issue of 
the Messenger was generally very 
good; yet it stirred up my mind 
to think on some of these things. 

He speaks of a town in Southeast 
Kansas which has a population of 
about 3,000 with some 24 churches. 

There is, therefore, an average 
potential church membership of 
133, but the average attendance is 
given as less than 50. That means 
almost two out of every three per- 
sons there are without any church. 

While I am not advocating that 
another church be organized, yet, 
where there are nearly two thousand 
persons without a church home in 
a community no larger than that, 
there is certainly a real opportunity 
and a great need for a Spirit-filled 
group to work, whether it be one 
or more of those already there or 
one from elsewhere. . . . 

It appears to me to be much like 
the case of the flour mill that I once 
knew of. They were running along 
as usual one day when the ma- 
chinery began to slow down, then 
stopped, although there was plenty 
of good wheat to be made into flour. 
The need was there, but the one 
responsible for power had gone to 
sleep and let the fire go out. 

Brethren, is not this just the trou- 
ble, not only in that town but also 
in many other places? We have 
gone to sleep spiritually, or at least, 
have got so drowsy that we have 
let the Holy Spirit fire— no, it has 
not gone out, but we have put the 
blankets of worldly wisdom and 
worldly planning over it and so 
smothered it down as to keep it 
from leading us into all truth and 

Now, Brethren, do we really be- 
lieve that God's Holy Spirit still 
leads in the work of the church? 

If we do, just how are we to 
understand some of the quite critical 
statements that have appeared in re- 
cent issues of the Messenger, re- 
garding some of the actions and 
discussions of our Annual Confer- 
ence? Are we to understand that 
these or many other individuals are 
more under the leading of the Holy 
Spirit than the delegate body which 
was consecrated to that work of the 

Let us be very careful, remember- 
ing that man's judgment is subject 

to error, that he can and often 
should change, but that God's Word 
and the Holy Spirit never change, 
but are ever ready and anxious to 
produce another Pentecost, even in 
as unlikely a place as Jerusalem, 
where they had so recently crucified 
our Savior. 

Are we willing to wake up and 
give God the chance to fill us vdth 
his Spirit, so that the church may 
fulfill its mission? — E. O. Slater, 
Dallas, Texas. 

Our Yearbook 

The Church of the Brethren Year- 
book is now being compiled and a 
tedious and exacting job it is and 
this is done for you by our stafiE 
in Elgin. It gives a report of the 
church's work annually, is most in- 
teresting and informing of what our 
denomination is accomplishing. To 
mention only a few items: It states 
the membership of each congrega- 
tion; names of the pastor and mod- 
erator of each congregation; the 
names and addresses of each mem- 
ber of the General Brotherhood 
Board; statistics of colleges; number 
of congregations; net gains; total 
membership; ntmiber of full-time 
and part-time pastors. A two-page 
chart gives names of the five various 
commissions, and the names and ad- 
dresses of all our pastors are also 

Much credit should be given our 
leaders in Elgin and elsewhere who 
compile the book, a tedious and 
exacting work. 

Yes, everv family in the Church 
of the Brethren should have this 
book, and the price of it is only 50c. 
It should be ordered immediately. 
Address your order to: General 
Brotherhood Board, 22 S. State St., 
Elgin, 111. — A. L. Maust, Garden 
City, Kansas. 

"The Word" vs. "Whose Bible?" 

In our Gospel Messenger, dated 
Nov. 23, 1957, W. H. Johnson of 
Modesto, Calif., asked the question: 
Where in the Bible are we told 
to preach the Bible chapter and 
verse, please? While the term 
Word is used instead of Bible in 
2 Tim. 4:2, Paul there instructed 
Timothy to "preach the Word, be 
instant in season, out of season." 
I think that should be sufficiently 
authentic an answer to the brother's 
challenge. — S. Mohler, Dayton, 

Josef Scaylea from Devaney 

The problems of the world will not be answered by more scientists creating larger missiles 




RIGHT now the worried 
worry me, that is, those 
who would by forced 
draft create scientists to launch 
bigger and better sputniks. I 
am disturbed because I do not 
think intercontinental ballistic 
missiles superiority is the an- 
swer for either America's or the 
world's problems. 

It is my thesis that it is moral 
leadership the world lacks, and 
that intellectual as well as mor- 
al leadership has declined, with 
the lowering of our levels of 

There is satisfactory evidence 
that our best men of science 
and scholarship come from 

homes where high standards of 
personal performance were ex- 
pected. In other words, it is 
no accident that the smaller, 
church-related colleges produce 
proportionately more men of 
science than their wealthier 
state - supported contemporar- 
ies, or that in the words of the 
Hazen Foundation report, 
unique institutions produce 
unique men. For example, 
Manchester College in Indiana, 
a Brethren school and as en- 
dowments go not a rich school, 
has one of the best records of 
any school in Indiana for com- 
pletions by those who began 
graduate work in science and 

Eermit Eby 

medicine. Juniata, another one, 
ranks as one of the best in the 
preparation of premeds. Other 
examples come to mind, but 
these are enough to illustrate 
my point. 

Brethren or Mennonite boys 
are not necessarily brighter 
than others, but they have a 
higher achievement quotient 
because they are the products 
of homes with higher levels of 
expectancy in performance. 
Furthermore, these levels of ex- 
pectancy are not necessarily 

FEBRUARY 1. 1958 3 

academic or intellectual. More 
often than not, they are manual 
or agricultural. For example, 
my father was an excellent 
teacher. He demanded nothing 
less than the best in perform- 
ance. To tliis day, I remember 
the tears that came to my eyes, 
when I pulled an Oliver 405 
plow back rather than face my 
father's scorn when he discov- 
ered the hole; or how I scoured 
the pigpens, or swept the last 
cobweb from the cow stable. 
There just was not a word for 
second best in my father's lexi- 
con, and today I am grateful 
to him, grateful that at seventy- 
six he is still holding up the 
same standards to his sons and 

Both of our sons have gone 
to Dad's school, and this sum- 
mer our youngest learned how 
to empty a sack of ground feed 
without wasting it, and how to 
drive a tractor-cultivator with- 
out covering up the com. Dad's 
farm from the woodlot to the 
barn is a picture of order. To- 
day, it produces 40% more than 
when he bought it. He is a 
good steward. 

Baugo, the little rural family 
church of my boyhood, has pro- 
duced dozens of college grad- 
uates and holders of advanced 
degrees. Two of them rank high 
in scientific fields. And Baugo's 
history is the history of many 
hundreds of similar communi- 
ties and similar boys and girls 
who do not return to Baugo, 
undoubtedly to the misfortune 
of Baugo but to the good for- 
tune of the nation. 

This heritage also produced 
moral excellence as well as a 
sense of personal responsibility. 
And increasingly, as I experi- 
ence life, the more convinced I 
become that levels of excellence 
begin with the performance of a 
task well done, no matter the 
size or insignificance. For in- 


stance, cutting thistles is not 
unrelated to the acceptance of 
responsibility in parenthood. 

Levels of excellence begin in 
the primary relationships of 
family, church, and community. 
My Pennsylvania Dutch Dad 
taught me as his father and 
grandfather taught him. And 
most significantly, I learned by 
imitation. I marched side by 
side with him when we cut 
corn, and in the frequent inter- 
vals of leisure hunted and fished 
with him. In a sense, he was my 
first hero, and the dragons he 
slew were sloth, softness, and 
respect for the second-rate. 
Frankly, to him unpainted 
barns and weedy fields were al- 
most as immoral as drinkers and 
deserters of families. 

Because I believe youth are 
influenced by their heroes, I 
constantly am haunted by ours; 
the cowboys, and movie actors, 
and the makers of the quick 
buck. These lift neither the 
levels of moral excellence nor 
performance. For they, like so 
many in our culture, are the 
exponents of the short-cut. 
And there is no easy road to ex- 
cellence either in performance 
or behavior. 

So, to return to sputnik and 
the preparation of scientists, I 
would not set out to produce 
scientists. Instead I would be- 
gin by attempting to lift the 
entire level of educational ex- 
cellence in performance and 
achievement. Permit me to il- 
lustrate: We have a sixteen- 
year-old son who is fortunate 
enough to be a part of a musi- 
cal organization directed by a 
teacher who has high standards. 
Four times per week some forty 
young people get up an hour 
early so they can practice their 
singing. From time to time, 
they perform— and excellently. 
Each member of the organiza- 
tion remembers both the per- 
formance and their part in it. 
They are not second-rate, and 
they know it. Now, if there 
were no standards, there would 
be no satisfactions. My son also 
has a basketball coach and sev- 
eral teachers with standards. 
These are the best experiences 
a boy can have! 

So, if I were setting out to 
produce scientists to produce 
sputniks, which heaven forbid, 
I would do so incidentally. Be- 
ginning with better perform- 

Continued on page 13 

USDA photograph by Ackerman 

A sense of personal responsibility begins in the family relationship 
when the parent working with the child sets standards of performance 



Smoking and Public Health 

AT LEAST eighteen scientific studies have 
been made in recent years that show a 
definite hnk between smoking and kmg 
cancer. Various approaches are used in these 
studies, but almost without exception the evi- 
dence points to the same obvious conckision that 
as the rate of smoking increases, so does the 
damage to the kmgs. 

On the basis of such medical data, the 
British ministry of health last July made a pub- 
lic announcement of the facts in order "that 
everyone may know the risks involved in smok- 
ing." Sometime later the Surgeon-General of 
the U.S. Public Health Service issued a state- 
ment: "Many independent studies thus have 
confirmed beyond reasonable doubt that there 
is a high degree of statistical association be- 
tween lung cancer and prolonged cigaret 

In spite of the mounting evidence pointing 
to an obvious conclusion, there is opposition 
to a public health program that would urge a 
decrease in cigaret smoking. The tobacco in- 
dustry tries to brush off the weight of the 
evidence as being purely "statistical," while it 
frantically tries to sell the public on new filter- 
type cigarets. At the same time the U.S. govern- 
ment continues to include tobacco as a "basic" 
farm crop which must be subsidized by price 
supports. The other subsidized crops are essen- 
tial: corn, cotton, peanuts, rice, and wheat; but 
tobacco is not only nonessential but is now a 
recognized contributor to lung cancer. 

In past years persons who warned against 
cigaret smoking as a health hazard were some- 
times ridiculed and more often ignored. But 
the results of recent research now clearly indi- 
cate that their warnings were timely and in a 
sense prophetic. Informed citizens can no 
longer laugh off the effects of a habit that 
increases by 1,000 per cent their chances of 
dying from lung cancer. The important thing 
now is that the general public should be kept 
informed of the facts and made to realize their 
significance. The facts, of course, prove what 
a mockery is much of the tobacco advertising 
that confronts us on every hand. But if the facts 
are recognized, sooner or later even the blatant 
claims of cigaret manufacturers will need to be 

Surely the government should not be in the 

position of subsidizing, with our tax money, a 
product which serves no good and contributes 
to higher death rates.— k. m. 

Economic Aid for India 

JUST at the time when every government 
official, from the president on down, is 
proposing that we spend many more bil- 
lions for missiles, a nation facing bankruptcy 
comes to us asking for more than a billion in 
loans and economic aid. 

That nation is India, which now fears a 
financial crisis. She would like a loan by which 
she could purchase three million tons of our 
wheat. As a result of a drouth and poor harvests 
there is a prospect of famine in some parts of 
India. The government of India is also request- 
ing railroad equipment, transport vehicles, ma- 
chine tools, hydroelectric plants and textile 
machinery in order that she can boost her indus- 
trial production and soon become self-sufficient. 

Even before the Soviets launched their sput- 
niks, proposals to give foreign economic aid 
faced severe opposition from economy-minded 
Americans. Yet it should be obvious to everyone 
that the problems that now confront us require 
far more than a military answer. What will it 
profit us if we become supreme in missiles 
while another large portion of the world's pop- 
ulation ( India has more than 384 million ) comes 
under Communist control? For this reason alone 
there will be some support in Congress for in- 
creased aid to India. 

But there ought to be another basis for our 
foreign aid policy. Neither political, economic, 
or military advantage should be the deciding 
argument. The millions in India are our fellow 
men. They deserve our help in developing God's 
gifts of natural resources, and they should be 
entitled to a share of those gifts we already 
enjoy so profusely. What will happen to us as a 
nation, as Christian farmers, workers, and citi- 
zens, if we permit millions to face famine while 
we worry about how to dispose of our surpluses? 

Of course, the answers are not as simple as 
these words may seem to suggest. But surely 
the direction of our policy should be made clear. 
If oiu- government leaders seem reluctant to 
act, it might help if they knew how Christian 
voters from their home communities feel about 
the matter.— K. m. 

FEBRUARY 1, 1958 5 

w»^ ,-.lW'"':v-- 

M I B I. r -V. 

A Brethren minister and 
historian concludes that 

Brethren History 

Is Not 

Behind Us 

H. Austin Cooper 


ABOUT the time that the 
Church of the Brethren 
was being bom in Eu- 
rope a new nation was being 
bom in the wilderness of Amer- 
ica. Our church pushed ahead 
along with the two great 
streams of colonization. These 
two streams of rehgious and 
cultural changes helped to form 
this weak child in the back 
country of Penn's Woods and 
the Jamestown Parish. 

The northern arm of this 
movement was embraced by 
the Quaker and German peace- 
loving sects, while the southern 
arm was undergirded by the 
Church of England and the 
Presbyterian faiths. The land 
had been largely granted to the 
two latter religious groups east 
and south of the Mississippi and 
the Ohio rivers, while in the 
north the land had been grant- 
ed to the Quaker-German-his- 
toric peace sects. 

X^-'* M<i<t 

e It a m t w t 

ltV» HitO ' •>?' Uinti-'S 


In the south there was a strict 
allegiance to the King of Eng- 
land, while in the north there 
was allegiance yielded only to 
the King of kings and the Lord 
of lords. Within the two do- 
mains, however, the rule of the 
King of England held full sway 
until this new nation firmly se- 
cured her freedom and declared 
herself a full-fledged nation 
among the family of nations. 

The English groups held fast 
to their motherland ideas of 
religion while the German 
groups held fast to their chang- 
ing ideas of religious thought 
and practices that made them 
a peculiar people in a society 
struggling for personal and in- 
dividual freedom with a type 
of government that suits all 
modes of thinking and practice. 

Hence, the historic peace 
groups, in many instances, 
marched ahead of the others 
and became the vanguard of 

our early self-governed society. 
It has been our unique blessing 
to find many early records of 
this fact long before our early 
historians wrote down the rec- 
ords of white people beyond 
the Blue Ridge and the Alle- 

For instance, just recently we 
found records of the Brethren 
living in the Stony Creek wil- 
derness, beyond the Allegheny 
Mountains, in what is present 
Somerset County, Pennsylvan- 
ia, as early as 1720; while at the 
present site of Blacksburg, Vir- 
ginia, the home of V.P.I., a col- 
ony of Brethren lived in 1744. 

At the present site of Roa- 
noke, Virginia, in the same year 
and the two years following 
when the road was cut out of 
the woods a list of the captains 
and company of road tenders 
was published in the Virginia 
magazine. Listed at the bottom 
is this phrase, "and all of the 

Dunkards living along the way- 
side shall help to keep up the 
road." This would place the 
Brethren in that area at least 
forty years before any other 
known records of the area. 
Some of the names are those 
of the leaders of our church to- 
day who have gone across the 
Brotherhood and the world for 

One of the least known and 
most misunderstood men of 
early America was Elder 
George Adam Martin, a man 
who stood head and shoulders 
above his fellow elders educa- 
tionally. Elder Martin lived one 
hundred years too soon in many- 
things he preached and said. 

But George Adam Martin 
was one of the men most re- 
sponsible for helping to open 
all that land from New York 
to the Mississippi and the deep 

FEBRUARY 1. 1958 7 

The "Somerset Bible," print- 
ed in Somerset, Pennsylvan- 
ia by Frederick Goeb in 
1813, has the same kind of 
print as the Sower Bible of 
1776. The author conjec- 
tures that Goeb may have 
used type from Sower's 
press that had been confis- 
cated by the Colonial troops 
after the battle of German- 
town. The picture across 
the two preceding pages 
shows both Bibles 

south that became the basis for 
the Northwest Territory. In 
the late summer of 1768, thirty- 
nine white male residents west 
of the Allegheny met at Fort 
Redstone (present Brownsville, 
Pennsylvania) to study the 
problem of settlers living in the 
Indian territory in direct con- 
tradiction to the decree of the 
King of England forbidding 
white settlers there. 

There were already Brethren 
communities and one organized 
congregation, the Stony Creek 
(present Brothersvalley, 1762), 
in this forbidden land. The 
Redstone meeting was a grand 
success, beyond the imagina- 
tion of all present, for the Iro- 
quois decided to sell all that 
land to the Penn Company. 

The following spring, 1769, 
the peace treaty of Fort Stan- 
wix, New York, was signed and 
from that day on the Brethren 
have marched to the very 
shores of the Pacific, because a 
Brethren who loved his red 
brothers and trusted Cod led 
the way. 

Elder Martin was also partly 
responsible for the Brethren 
moving in the Shenandoah Val- 
ley of Virginia, and as early as 
1764 preached to the Brethren 
on the South Fork of the Shen- 
andoah. I have records that he 
sold land that same year in this 
very area. Martin was then a 


strong elder in our church and 
preached to the Brethren at 
Strasburg, Virginia, that same 
year, 1764, and on to the Breth- 
ren living "on the river in Au- 
gusta County, Virginia." This 
may have been at Middle River 
or in that vicinity, for he also 
stated that he visited with his 
"Presbyterian brethren in the 
parish." In Augusta County, 
the parish referred to, Brethren 
lived all around the Presbyter- 

Elder Martin was born and 
reared Presbyterian and joined 
the Brethren at the age of sev- 
enteen, becoming a minister at 
that early age. He was rec- 
ognized as the "boy preacher" 
and was a scholar in Greek, He- 
brew, and the languages of the 
Continent and England. Martin 
went from Maine to Georgia 
and was aflame with the gospel. 
He preached it fluently in Eng- 
lish and German everywhere he 

Thus one may see that the 
Brethren had a hand in shaping 
the early history of our land. 

Some ask where I received 
a love for history. When I was 
a small lad my old uncle used 
to come in from Nebraska about 
every ten years and would tell 
how he and his young bride 
from the Valley of Virginia 
went west and homesteaded 
while the buffalo roamed the 
plains. Indian trails and re- 
mains of villages were every- 
where, but the Red Man had 
been driven west. 

The great prairie fires swept 
the plains, several times burn- 
ing the buildings. He and his 
bride lived in a grass and mud 
house for many years and 
many were the nights and days 
that they longed for the beauti- 
ful hills and the Blue Ridge of 

My grandmother and my 
wife's grandfather would tell 
stories of their forefathers who 

The publication of George Adam Martin's book, Christliche Biblio- 
thek. (The Christian Bible Library), in 1792 stirred the Brethren 
to a new religious awakening and divided the church in many 
areas until 1834, when Peter Nead's first book. The Word of God, 
appeared. This stayed the division of the chvirch luitil 1880. In 
the picture above are shown copies of the two books. The manu- 
script is a translation of Martin's book, made by Klaus G. Wust 

The period of western 

and southern expansion 

of the Church of the 

Brethren was between 

1723, when the first 

church was organized 

at Germantown, and the 

1880's, the period of 


came up from the Jamestown 
settlement and pushed into 
northern Virginia and Mary- 
land. Many were the hours that 
they told about my early rela- 
tives who fought in the Revolu- 
tion and the War Between the 
States, while others were 
staunch Brethren who held firm 
to their peace principles. So 
you see our early parents also 
had their conflicting allegiances 
and unique problems. 

After going to Bridgewater 
College and sitting under men 
like Paul Bowman and J. M. 
Henry, and on to Bethany, the 
love for Brethren history be- 
came all the more deeply rooted 
in my heart. No one can make 
Brethren history live and burn 
itself into your heart better than 
men like Floyd Mallott, Rufus 
Bowman, William Beahm, Al- 
bert C. Wieand, Warren Sla- 
baugh, D. W. Kurtz, and our 
good friend and antiquarian, 
Reuel B. Pritchett. Out of the 
burning crucible of their ex- 
periences and knowledge has 
come a love for history that has 
made many a Brethren youth 
look back with love and devo- 
tion to their heritage and an- 

But I say to you that the 

history of the Church of the 
Brethren is not behind us. It 
lies out yonder ahead of us and 
must be a challenge to us to 
give this old world the message 
of peace and brotherhood that 
the Master of men meant that 
it should have and that he gave 
himself for. 

Reading history is my past- 
time and hobby. Collecting 
books, manuscripts, early arti- 
facts and Bibles is most re- 
laxing and enjoyable. But the 
unwritten history and the fac- 
tual stories of early American 
life must be searched out, re- 
vived, and recorded or they will 
forever be lost. Many Brethren 
families have burned or sold to 
collectors our early Brethren 
books, handwritten records, 
church minute books, and fac- 
tual material that should have 
been preserved in our colleges, 
seminary, or in the Elgin his- 
torical library. Let me impress 
upon the Brotherhood that now 
is the time for us to place into 
these Brethren historical librar- 
ies everything that appears to 
be of historical value for ap- 
praisal and use in writing and 
preserving our Brethren history 
and heritage. 

Personal joy comes to me in 

tracing the expansion of our 
church across this continent. 

It is interesting to see that as 
families moved into Maryland, 
Virginia, the Carolinas, Georgia, 
Alabama, Tennessee, up into 
the Kentucky settlements, that 
the southern arm of expansion 
brought churches organized by 
these same families. 

Down the Ohio Valley came 
another arm fusing with the 
southern arm into one great 
push westward that became the 
vanguard of the movement that 
built a nation into the greatest 
civilization this world has ever 
known. It is not boasting or 
being proud to say this and also 
to say that we were fused into 
the great stream of all of the 
other religious bodies that have 
helped to make this sea of love 
cover the earth. 

My next exploration into 
Brethren past will come in the 
near future when I shall trek 
into Kentucky as my forefathers 
did, but this time to study what 
happened to our "lost Brethren 
colony of Kentucky." This was 
the George Wolfe era that 
seemed to thrive and vanish 
almost as notably as it began. 

FEBRUARY 1. 1958 9 

The Church's 




WHAT is the role of the 
churches m witnessmg 
to the unchanging gos- 
pel in the present social scene? 
Let me suggest ten points of 
emphasis, in the light of the 
experience of fifty years and 
an appraisal of the most urgent 
needs of man in his present 

It should be borne in mind 
that the primary role of the 
churches is always the procla- 
mation of the timeless unchang- 
ing gospel and the mediation of 
God's grace. The points I sug- 
gest are all subordinate to that 
assumption. They are illustra- 
tive. The list is incomplete. 
They are given in thumbnail 

Help people to understand 
the meaning of life. Psychology 
and the social sciences can help 
people with problems of adjust- 
ment; but adjustment is no sub- 
stitute for an understanding of 
what we are. People in their 
lostness need to know not only 
the advantages and disadvan- 
tages of the different roads they 
may choose but also their 
destination, where they should 
go and what they want to be- 
come. They need both faith to 

Three Lions 

Individuals need faith to enable 
them to live with composure 
under the tensions of today 
and Tindersianding to help them 
find significance and satis- 
faction in their daily work 

enable them to live in compo- 
sure under the tension and 
harrassment of modern life and 
understanding to enable them 
to find significance and true 
satisfaction in their daily work 
and relationships. 

Clarify the nature of freedom. 
People need to understand the 
necessity of surrender to a great 
purpose or commitment to an 
absorbing loyalty. They must 
see the difference between lib- 
erty and license. They need to 
recognize that political and 

Roswell P. Barnes 

economic freedom, though 
highly important, do not in and 
of themselves give a person the 
release his spirit seeks. One 
may escape from the slavery of 
drudgery only to enter the en- 
ervating bondage of bridge 
clubs, cocktail parties, and the 
frenzied pursuit of trivial 

Examine the moral signifi- 
cance of a "standard of living." 
What is the relation between 




one's standard of living and his 
happiness? Is it true— as adver- 
tising imphes— that the more we 
have, the happier we are? How 
high a minimum standard of 
hving is society morally re- 
quired to guarantee? How is 
the "highest standard of living," 
which is claimed by our nation, 
to be defined? Justice still re- 
quires concern for the living 
standards of people in poverty. 
But many other people are 
warping their lives in the frantic 
pursuit of things they do not 

Develop ethical criteria for 
organizational relationships in 
the power structure of mass so- 
ciety. The ethical standards of 
interpersonal relationships are 
not adequate to guide people 
in many of their quandaries to- 
day. What is the individual's 
responsibility for the actions of 
a special-interest power group 
of which he is a member? 

Magnify the importance of 
the corporate fellowship of the 
church. This is especially need- 
ed in view of the increased mo- 
bility of our population, the 
rootlessness of many people, the 
loneliness of depersonalized ur- 
ban life. I am not raising here 
the whole theological question 
of the nature of the church, but 
only calling attention to a need 
of man accentuated by contem- 
porary society in comparison 
with earlier periods. 

Call the nation to a recogni- 
tion of the responsibilities and 
moral hazards of its power. 
Would that we had a Kipling 
to write a Recessional for the 
United States today! The one 
he wrote has sufficient rele- 
vance for us today to merit 
interpretation. As a nation we 
may be off guard to temptation 
because the power we build is 
not an end in itself but a re- 
quirement of the free world. 
Nevertheless it is power, and 
power is morally hazardous. 


The church which makes provision for reaching newcomers and other 
unchurched persons is carrying out one of its responsibilities 

Encourage the nation to per- 
sist in the creative building of 
a better society lest it stagnate 
in defensiveness of what it has 
already achieved. Our present 
position is not conducive to 
the critical self-appraisal which 
is so essential to the health and 
growth of a democratic so- 
ciety. When every admission 
of a fault or an abuse is exploit- 
ed by Communist propaganda 
as if it were a chief character- 
istic of our nation, self-criticism 
seems to weaken our position in 
the world. Consequently it is 
especially urgent now that we 
define new goals of justice, 
freedom, and brotherhood to- 
ward which to strive. Let us 
not permit others to chart the 
areas and the limits of our na- 
tional purpose and aspiration. 

Guide the people to a Chris- 
tian understanding of history. 
There may not be a Christian 
understanding of mathematics, 
or of electronics, though these 
are Christian dimensions with- 
in which all facts are to be con- 
sidered and there is a Christian 
teaching of science. But there 
certainly is a Christian under- 

standing of history within 
which we find its meaning. A 
review of the last fifty years is 
especially helpful at this point. 
The assumptions with regard to 
history that prevailed through 
the first half of that period have 
been shattered. Scientism can- 
not provide a sound under- 
standing, nor can mere faith in 
faith. The churches profess to 
have the answer. Let them 
work it out in terms that will be 
intelligible to this generation. 

Preach insistently the sover- 
eignty of God. This is the cor- 
ner stone to the answer to the 
question implied in that last 
point above. But it is suggested 
as a separate point because it 
is so essential to an understand- 
ing of the role of the nation and 
as a corrective to man's pride 
as well as to his despair. 

Emphasize in word and deed 
the doctrine and principle of 
redemption. What our world 
needs desperately is an under- 
standing of the cross, not only 
as an event in historv, but also 

FEBRUARY 1. 1958 


as a revelation of what is essen- 
tial in history. 

Christ's death for our salva- 
tion is crucial. But he himself 
said, "If any man w^ould come 
after me let him deny himself 
and take up his cross daily and 
follow me." We do not presume 
to do what he did. But he re- 
vealed God's way in human life 
and history. 

The redemptive principle, 
manifested in acts and testi- 
mony, is essential in Christian 
discipleship. Without it, love— 
which was so appropriately and 
helpfully emphasized by Rau- 
schenbusch and other early 
"social gospel" leaders— is not 
complete Christian love. 

Paul said that when he 
preached Christ crucified it was 
"a stumbling-block to Jews and 
folly to Gentiles." They were 
not evil people; they had an in- 
correct understanding of God's 
way with man. Who are those 
who in our day hold the same 
assumptions as ''the Jews" and 
"the Gentiles" of his day? I do 
not judge. But I am convinced 
that contemporary society has 
a tragic and perhaps fateful 
blind spot with regard to the 
principle or doctrine of redemp- 

I do not presume to give an 
adequate definition. But for me 
it includes the voluntary giving 
of self and the yielding of self- 
advantage out of concern and 
compassion for the sin and suf- 
fering of others. This the con- 
flict of worldly powers does not 
do. When God came into his- 
tory in Jesus Christ he gave his 
only begotten Son to reconcile 
the world to himself. 

If Christ revealed God's way 
of dealing with weak and sinful, 
estranged and lost man— and I 
believe he did— then to contem- 
plate him upon the cross is to 
understand God's purpose and 
the way of dealing with evil 

among men. It is to find the 
key to the gospel, the churches, 
and the social scene, not only 
for half a century but for his- 
tory and man's destiny. For 
after the cross came the resur- 

Emphases upon such consid- 
erations as these ten would, I 
suggest, serve the needs of our 
people today and guide the na- 
tion at the points of its greatest 

unrecognized temptations. 

These are fateful days for our 
nation and for our people. They 
are days of challenging oppor- 
tunity for the churches. They 
are great days in which to be 
living for those who see God at 
work in the world and know 
that he guides and supports 
those who trust in him. May 
he help us. Let our prayer be, 
"I believe, help my unbelief." 

You Can Help the Mentally 



Wesley Brubaker 

Church of the Brethren 
is a fellowship of Chris- 
tians who serve both God and 
their fellow men. Perhaps I 
should say that part of our 
philosophy is that you serve 
God when you serve God by 
serving your fellow men. We 
have a fine record of this kind 
of service all over the world. 
We have given liberally of our 
time and means in bringing re- 
lief to thousands of refugees in 
the war-ravaged areas of the 
world. There are thousands of 
people alive and well today be- 
cause of what we have done 
for them. 

But we have overlooked 
what is probably the most hu- 
manitarian opportunity of all, 
probably because it is so close 
to us and partly because it is 
not very glamorous. In the 
United States there are over 
650,000 people who languish in 
our mental hospitals. Most of 
these people have been de- 
prived of their civil rights be- 
cause of their illness. They 
cannot help themselves. They 
can only look to us for relief. 
Thousands of these people have 
either fully recovered from 
their illness or are harmless and 
in good enough condition to 
leave the hospital if they had a 

friendly home to take them in. 

The pathetic fact that we 
have to face concerning this 
problem is that no organization 
in the nation is working on this 
problem. One of the most 
heartbreaking situations we 
mental hospital employees see 
is the case of the patient who 
has been restored to mental 
health, but has to stay on year 
after hopeless year because his 
family has disowned him. They 
feel he has disgraced the fami- 
ly; so they would rather let 
him rot than bring him out to 
remind again their friends of 
what happened in their family. 

This problem should concern 
you. We always think of men- 
tal illness as something that 
happens to other people. But 
many of us have had the jar of 
discovering that it happened 
in our family, and no one knows 
who will be next. 

But we should not be con- 
cerned for selfish reasons. Jesus 
said, "Depart from me, ye 
cursed, into everlasting fire, for 
... I was sick and in prison, 
and ye visited me not." Jesus 
commands us to minister to 
these people if we expect to be 
saved, for surely these people 
are both sick and in prison. 
There are a number of ways 
that we can minister to them, 
and the beauty of it all is that 
everyone can do something. 

One of the most crying needs 
in the mental health field is 
for some Christian group to 
work toward rehabilitating the 
mental patient once he is ready 
for a discharge. Usually what 
he needs is a promise of em- 
ployment. Ex-patients will like- 
ly be above average as 
employees. They are eager to 
prove to the public that they 
are both willing and able to 
function as a normal person 
again. Church people who 
need hired hands for any kind 
of work could probably find 
someone who would fill the bill 
waiting to be released from a 
mental hospital somewhere, 
and very possibly in the one 
that serves the area in which 
they reside. Rehabilitation is 
probably the number one need, 
and it is one the Brethren are 
well prepared by heritage to 

Another way we can serve is 
by working in mental hospitals 
either as regular employees or 
as volunteers. Psychologists 
probably would unanimously 
agree that one of the greatest 
needs of the patient is to feel 
that he is loved and respected 

by those who are caring for 
him. While there is compara- 
tively little brutal treatment 
given to patients in the hospi- 
tals, there is much indifference 
shown toward them. A Chris- 
tian who takes his religion with 
him when he goes to work in 
a mental hospital can make a 
tremendous contribution to- 
ward a patient's recovery. 
Many of our young men are 
passing up a wonderful oppor- 
tunity for service when they 
pass up mental hospital work 
as an alternative to military 
service. The Mennonites are 
far ahead of us here. 

Both individuals and groups 
can make valuable contribu- 
tions to the program through 
volunteer services. Boredom is 
a big problem in the hospital. 
The patients have much time, 
and it is important that this time 
is utilized properly. Boredom 
causes the patients to regress, 
yet there is a limit to what the 
hospital can afford for enter- 
tainment. The patients would 
appreciate having a recital by 
a church choir or a playlet by 
the young people. You could 
sponsor a ward party of many 

Famflq Fun Fare 

Introducing a new feature in which our readers share their experiences 
in wholesome family fun; why not send information about your best family 
games, songs, contests, and informal worship ideas to the Recreation Depart- 
ment, General Brotherhood Board, 22 S. State Street, Elgin, Illinois? 

A Game for Dad 

SOMETIMES children become a nuisance to their mothers when they 
are busy preparing a meal and mothers cannot take time out to help 
them with all of their problems. So here is a suggestion for a game 
for dad. 

When I was little, dad used to call us into the living room and set 
each one of us on his knees while he played a little game with us. He 
would start by asking each in turn a question. If the answer was correct 
he would move on to the next person and ask that person a question. When 
the answer was incorrect he would say, "Down into the ice water you go." 
Then he would spread his knees apart and the child who answered the 
question wrongly would fall through his knees to the floor. 

The falling was interesting and delightful and a bit scarry. We all 
seemed to get a great thrill from it and the game never seemed to wear 
out. Of course, this game is limited to three or four persons depending 
upon the number that dad can handle eSectively.— Submitted by Marlene 

other such things. They enjoy 
good entertainment. Remem- 
ber, these patients are people, 
and they enjoy about anything 
that you or I would enjoy. 

My final suggestion of what 
we can do is that we can give 
the patients a wide variety of 
things we may not be using 
around our homes. One of 
these is the radio we do not use 
much since we got TV. The 
therapy departments can use 
good used athletic equipment, 
musical instruments, record 
players, or books. Occupation- 
al therapy can use almost 
anything you can name, but es- 
pecially handworking tools, ply- 
wood and lumber, yam, thread, 
scrap leather, or anything in the 
line of crafts. Be sure that what 
you give is in usable condition. 
Many of the patients are over- 
whelmed by a feeling of worth- 
lessness. If you give them junk, 
you confirm this feeling in their 
minds. Why would they not 
feel they are no good if you give 
them trash? 

Among the most thrilling ex- 
periences of my life, the ones 
I have enjoyed most were when 
patients would meet me with 
a big smile and the words, "I 
am going home." To know that 
one has played a part in making 
this possible gives one a feeling 
of satisfaction that cannot be 
described. I covet that exper- 
ience for you. Would you like 
to try to get it for yourself? 

Levels of Excellence 

Continued from page 4 

ances in everything from music 
to mathematics, more young 
people would go on to higher 
levels because the base of their 
beginning was higher. Every- 
one knows that if the point of 
origins is elevated so will be 
the goals sought. It seems to 

FEBRUARY 1, 1958 


me that the school is always 
secondary in the order of prior- 
ity for the production of 
persons of excellence. Neverthe- 
less, I must admit that since the 
family is disintegrating for 
economic and other reasons 
more must be expected of the 

It is in the school that we 
must recapture our standards of 
excellence. But I do not neces- 
sarily begin with the aflinna- 
tion which is so common that 
another billion or two will buy 
us excellence. Frankly, I don't 
think so. Standards like atti- 
tudes are contagious, and they 
are the incidental by-products 
of face-to-face relationships. 
Believing this, it seems to me 
that the first prerequisite for 
better products from our 
schools is better teachers in our 
classrooms. Better teachers will 
only emerge when our society 
gives higher recognition to the 
teacher's role. 

When I began teaching in a 
one-room country school, I was 
the teacher when I stood before 
my pupils, and their parents 
respected me as such. Disci- 
pline was only incidentally my 
task because the entire com- 
munity upheld my status and 
my authority ( somewhat crude- 
ly I admit), for there was an 
understanding between parent 
and child that a whipping in 
school would be climaxed by 
one at home. Now, I do not 
approve of double-jeopardy for 
ofi^enders, but it makes more 
sense to me than the present 
behavior of parents who take 
the position that their child is 
always right, the teacher and 
the law always wrong. In that 
long ago order not everyone 
passed. There were standards 
of performance in spelling and 
reading and arithmetic, and 
not maintaining them debased 
the coinage. 



When I started teaching, edu- 
cation was the open-sesame to 
the world outside. So the curi- 
ous and stimulating became 
teachers. Today, it has become 
a sinecure for the second rate. 
There is something terribly 
wrong when the best minds go 
into medicine, engineering, law, 
and business, and the fifth and 
sixth rate into teaching. But I 
understand why "we have 
emasculated the teacher and 
with him the taught!" I apolo- 
gize for mentioning Russia, but 
I understand that there scien- 
tists are not eggheads, but men 
of status! Men who are inci- 
dentally rewarded commensur- 
ate with society's opinion of 

This paper is not an attack 
on progressive education. For 
if I understand it, progressive 
education emphasizes the sig- 
nificance of the pupil in the 
learning process, but never at 
the expense of the learning. If 
I love my pupils and my chil- 
dren, I expect much from them. 
It is never a kindness to a child 
when his parents and teachers 
capitulate to his desires for the 
second rate. Every teacher, as 
every parent, has to risk at cer- 
tain times the child's hate in 
order ultimately to gain his 
love. Today, I remember the 
teacher who demanded much 
of me and rejoice that I had a 
father who had a code and lived 
up to it. Imagine, if you will, 
a world without standards of 

Perhaps, most of the moral 
choices you and I will ever be 
called on to make will be eco- 
nomic choices. Yet moral 
choices are not in the amounts 
we spend, but for what we 
spend. And it is here that I am 
concerned. We spend as much 
for drink, tobacco, and cosmet- 
ics as we do for education. And 
infinitely more is expended for 
cars and roads, not to mention 
battleships and planes. 

But I do not want to belabor 
this point. Our choices are for- 
ever determined by our priori- 
ties in values. When we 
understand what it means to 
spend six times as much to 
educate a doctor as we do to 
educate a school superinten- 
dent, we will be getting nearer 
to understanding my thesis. 

Our culture has failed to 
bring to the fore a pattern of 
personal and moral excellence. 
Before they were also culturally 
assimilated, the Jews did the 
best job in family and syna- 
gogue. "Probably because the 
principal responsibihty that 
rested on parents," Dr. A. Coh- 
en tells us in Everyman's Tal- 
mud, "was to train their 
children for their hfe in the 
community of Israel. The ideal 
aimed at was to forge them as 
secure links in the chain of 
continuity so that the reHgious 
heritage bequeathed by the 
preceding generation might be 
transmitted unimpaired to the 
generations which would fol- 
low. The indispensable requi- 
site for such a consummation 
was the instilhng into them of 
the knowledge of Torah." 

For the Jewish child there 
was a level of excellence rooted 
in family and projected into 
community. And thus it was 
among Brethren. Our gemeine- 
schaft was the formulation of 
our gesellschaft. And as long 
as values and uniqueness was 
at our center we survived, for 
the family and the coirraiunity 
in that society produced the 
standards on which survival 

Need I say more? It is never 
a kindness either to child or cul- 
ture to lower levels of excel- 
lence. My plea is for those 
who, because they expect much 
from themselves, have earned 
the right to expect much from 

Reviews of Recent Books 

Books are reviewed here as a service to the church. A review does not necessarily 
constitute an unqualified recommendation. Purchase can be made through the 
Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, Illinois. Titles recommended for church libraries 
are marked with an asterisk (*). — Editor. 

If You Adopt a Child. Carl and 
Helen Doss. H. Holt & Co., 1957. 
368 pages. $4.95. 

The Reverend Carl and Mrs. 
Helen Doss, are the parents of 
twelve adopted children, all of them 
of mixed racial backgrounds. Be- 
cause of their efforts and insights, 
they became lecturers and leaders 
in the field of adoption and practices 
related. The story of their experience 
with their twelve adopted children 
is told in the book. The Family No- 
body Wanted. 

The book, If You Adopt A Child, 
is a complete guide for use by the 
childless couple, the couselor, the 
minister, or social case worker. Gui- 
dance is given the couple in deter- 
mining if they should make 
application for adoption of a child, 
how to proceed, problems they will 
face, and how to rear the adopted 
child. The second section of the book 
contains information about the vari- 
ous state laws and the major agencies 
in each state to contact for adoption 
of children. 

This is a valuable book for use 
by those who desire to adopt chil- 
dren. It is a must for the minister, 
social worker, or other person who 
will work with the childless couple. 
—James E. Renz. 

Sex and the Christian Life. Sew- 
ard Hiltner. Association Press, 1957. 
128 pages. 50c. 

Dr. Seward Hiltner is a recognized 
authority, who writes concisely and 
clearly in this little book. No one 
should judge its worth by its price. 
The annotation on the cover says 
that it is "a modem Christian view 
of the human dimensions of sex- 
based on the Biblical witness and 
current studies of sex behavior." And 
the reader finds what he thus looks 
for inside the book. Chapters are: 
DiflFering Views of Sex, Sex in the 
Bible, Sex in Christian History, A 
Modern Christian View, and Some 
Practical Implications. The last 
chapter is written in question and 
answer form and questions are the 
kind that many people would like 
to ask someone who would give a 
clear answer. Dr. Hiltner gives clear 
answers. The book would be good 
for discussion or study groups for 
young married classes or for personal 
reading.— W. Glenn and Eva McFad- 
den, Elgin, III. 

Let's Play a Story. Elizabeth All- 
strom. Friendship Press, 1957. 165 
pages. $2.95. (cloth); $1.95 (paper) 

Let's play a story! What child 
does not enjoy pretending? This 
book was planned to help leaders of 
children use creatively various types 
of dramatizations. Simple, clear, and 
practical step-by-step procedures 
are given to illustrate the use of each 
type of drama. Several complete 
stories, suitable for dramatization by 
children are included. An invalu- 
able addition to the Teacher's Book- 

Chapter titles include: The Story 
and the Storyteller, Playing the Story, 
First Steps in Story Play, Settings 
and Properties, Pantomime and 
Tableaux, Rhythms and Music, Plays 
in a Box, Play Actors of Paper and 
Cloth, Radio and Television Plays, 
Choral Speaking, Role Playing, Fest- 
ivals and Games, A Kindergarten 
Story to Play, A Story Played by 
Primary Children, and A Junior 
Story Play.— Afar;/ E. Spessard. 

Behold God's Love. Hazel Mason 
Hadley. John Knox Press, 1957. 239 
pages. $2.50. 

Hazel Mason Hadley has written 
a much needed book of daily devo- 
tional readings for junior-high youth. 
Starting with brief, practical helps 
on the development of a junior-high's 
devotional life, 365 daily worship 
suggestions follow, often presented 
in different patterns, that is, each 
page does not look exactly alike. 
Scripture is used each day; questions 
for meditation are often included; 
prayer or prayer thoughts or un- 
finished prayers to be concluded by 
the worshipers are important parts of 
the guide. An index in the back 
sums up the various themes present- 
ed throughout, thus making it a 
source of material which junior highs 
may use occasionally when leading 
worship. (This use is secondary, of 
course.) A bibliography points to 
the source of poems, stories, and 
hymns used, thus introducing junior 
highs to other devotional literature 
and increasing their appreciation of 
it wherever they find it— Paul M. 

Hidden Rainbow. Christmas Carol 
Kauffman. Herald Press, 1957. 296 
pages. $3.50. 

An actual story of real people 
who were led from traditional Catho- 

lic beliefs and practices to truth, 
light, and freedom. Bom in Yugo- 
slavia in the early nineteen hundreds, 
John and Anna Olesh found life to- 
gether pleasant in the rugged eco- 
nomy of that time and place, 
although the young couple began to 
have heart stirrings about certain 
superstitious and mandatory prac- 
tices of the religious faith of their 
people. Eventually they began to 
disbelieve, particularly after they met 
a Protestant missionary. They read 
a forbidden New Testament which 
had come into their hands surrepti- 
tiously. They encountered the dis- 
favor of their parents and neighbors 
They came to the point of being 
abandoned and imprisoned. 

The author has written a story 
with high degree of interest, a story 
of courage, faith, and suffering of 
two people who search for truth 
and peace of soul, and eventually 
lead their family and others to the 
joys of Christian living.— Edith 

Glimpses of God. Gertrude Scha- 
fer Hoffer. Pageant Press, 1957. 105 
pages. $2.50. 

Not everyone finds the presence of 
God in the small incidents and 
things of life as readily as Mrs. Hof- 
fer does. Fewer still set down their 
glimpses of God in written notations 
as she has done. God's presence is 
found thi'ough nature, through the 
commonplace, through other people, 
and through the Bible, according to 
the author's division of the glimpses 
she has recorded. Three possible 
values may be found in the book: 
(1) sharing personally in the auth- 
or's insights; (2) using the glimpses 
she has given for sermon or teaching 
illustrations and for group worship 
aids; (3) glimpsing her own meth- 
ods of finding God in the usually 
overlooked sources of ordinary life. 
Mrs. Hoffer is one of our Brethren 
fellowship, being a member of the 
Plymouth congregation, Ind.— Ora 
W. Garber. 

Jesus Friend and Helper. Eliza- 
beth Allsti-om. Abingdon, 1957. 50 
pages. $1.50. 

Seven stories that show the kind- 
ness and understanding of Jesus as 
he went about doing good. These 
are familiar stories from the gospels 
told beautifully and reverently by 
a skilled teacher and writer. An im- 
portant book for kindergarten and 
primary children.— Ha;:eZ Kennedy. 

FEBRUARY 1. 1958 



Thomas P. Inabinett was the author of the article, 
Soh'ing the Space Problems in the Church School, 
which appeared on pages 22 and 23 of the Gospel 
Messenger of Jan. 11. The omission of the author's 
name was unintentional. 

J. Henry Long, secretary of the Foreign Mission 
Commission of the General Brotherhood Board, con- 
cluded his visit in India on Dec. 25. He reported a 
spirit of high purpose among the leadership of the 
Indian church. From India the executive secretary 
went to Nigeria. 

Twenty-seven ministers and their wives from the 
districts of Colorado and Nebraska attended a retreat 
held at the Haxtun church, Colo., Jan. 8 and 9. The 
retreat, planned co-operatively by the two districts, 
was under the direction of Edward Duncan, the district 
executive. Stewart and Helen Kauffman were the guest 

Mrs. Charles W. Ranson, the wife of the general 
secretary of the International Missionary Council, was 
killed in an automobile accident near London, England. 
Her two children riding with her were not seriously 
injured. Dr. Ransom was attending the assembly of 
the council in Achimoto, Ghana, at the time of the 

Charles R. Martin, director of town and country 
department, Iowa Baptist Convention, wrote as follows 
after receiving copies of the new Brethren manual. 
Functions of the Finance Committee, Financial Secre- 
tary and Treasurer, "I believe this manual is very well 
written and will be helpful to our Iowa Baptist Con- 
vention's stewardship department." 

W. Harold Row returned to Elgin on Jan. 14 from 
a trip to Puerto Rico to help in the implementation of 
the ten-year community development plan for Cas- 
taiier Valley and in arrangements for a new community 
hospital to be built in Castarier. Charles Zunkel was 
in Castarier at the same time visiting the local Church 
of the Brethren in regard to pastoral services. 

The women's work organization. First District of 
India, has contributed twenty rupees (approximately 
four dollars) toward the expense of sending the two 
women delegates to the Schwarzenau Anniversary Cel- 
ebration in August. Mrs. Rupabai Jani, secretary of 
the group, reports the women seemed pleased to con- 
tribute toward the cost of sending the president and 
executive secretary of women's work, who will repre- 
sent women of our church throughout the world. 

Change of Address 

The Gerald Neher family, who returned from Ni- 
geria in December on furlough, are now in Ithaca, 
N. Y., where Gerald is enrolled at Cornell University 
for graduate work. 

The Wendell Flory family is now located at Bridge- 
water, Va. They returned from India on Jan. 10 for 



Director of Social Welfare, James Renz, visited the 
five Brethren homes for the aged in the Central Region 
during the first ten days of January. 

The supplement to the January Brethren Service 
News gives the annual report of Brethren Service work. 
Additional copies are available without cost from 
Church of the Brethren, General Offices, Elgin, 111. 

The annual seminar on the Christian farmer and 
his government will be held in Washington, D. C, 
Feb. 4-6. Sponsored by the Division of Life and Work 
of the Department of the Church and Economic Life 
of the National Council, it is open to interested 

During the month of January six churches in North- 
ern Indiana held sectional training conferences in local 
church evangelism. Meetings were held at La Porte, 
New Salem, Plymouth, Middlebury, Cedar Creek, and 
Wakarusa. Leaders were I. D. Leatherman, Mark Y. 
Schrock, and the members of the district commission 
on ministry and church extension. Similar training 
conferences on local church evangelism are being spon- 
sored in twenty districts during this present church 
year. A special effort is being made to draw all persons 
and groups of the local church into a vital, year-round 
thrust in all of our churches. 

The cost of the National Youth Conference, which 
will be held at Lake Junaluska, N. C, Aug. 25-29, 
is as follows: For Southeastern, Eastern, and Central 
regions, $35 per person; for Western Region, $27 
per person; for Pacific Region, $27 per person less 
rebate. These figures include lodging, meals, ground 
fee, insurance, and registration fee. The difference 
in amounts for the regions is to make some compensa- 
tion for the differences in transportation costs. The 
Pacific Coast rebate is the result of a National Youth 
Cabinet decision that a portion of the registration fee 
paid by the three eastern regions should be divided 
among those attending from the Pacific Coast. 

It seems providential that the International Unfform 
Lessons are now giving our Sunday schools a whole 
quarter of New Testament study on the church just 
before we undertake our special quarter of study of 
the History of the Church of the Brethren. The present 
lessons provide a wonderful background for the study 
of oin- own church. Teachers of youth and adult classes 
should keep this in mind. Never before have we had 
an opportunity for the entire youth and adult member- 
ship of the Church of the Brethren to engage in a 
simultaneous study of the Brethren movement. This 
quarter's lessons and the next should provide six 
months of very profitable Sunday-school study during 
our 250th Anniversary year. 


Heathersdown church, Toledo, Ohio, Sunday, Feb. 
2, at 2:30 p.m. Paul M. Robinson, president of Bethany 
Biblical Seminary, will be the guest speaker. Glen 
Crago is the pastor of the congregation. The new 
building is located at Byrne and Schneider Roads. 

Brotherhood Theme: Brethrer) Under the Lordship of Christ 

The Ministry of the Laity in Economic Life is now 

available in booklet form from Church of the Brethren, 
General Offices, 22 S. State St., Elgin, Ul., at 30 cents 
per copy. 

International Christian Service for Peace 

Ben Fox, Brethren I-W worker, and Mast Stoltzfus, 
Mennonite I-W, left the Vienna Karlsschule project 
on the first of January to join the new agricultural 
project in Morocco. M. R. Zigler is chairman of the 
board of this newly formed organization which aims 
to provide a channel through which young men in 
various countries can render voluntary service as Chris- 
tian pacifists. Hans de Jonge, Dutch conscientious 
objector, has already gone to the project as director. 

The Wieand Lectures at Bethany Seminary 

The Wieand lectures on evangelism at Bethany 
Biblical Seminary will be presented this year, Feb. 4-7, 
with a unique symposium of four successful pastors 
discussing evangelistic methods. Each pastor will speak 
at the 9:40 a.m. chapel hour and will give an evening 
address at 7:30. On Tuesday the speaker will be the 
Rev. Edward Hawley, pastor of the Warren Avenue 
Congregational church, Chicago, 111. The Wednesday 
speaker will be the Rev. Kenneth Brooks, pastor of 
the First Evangelical United Brethren church of Robin- 
son, 111. On Thursday the speaker will be Dr. Harold 
R. Martin, pastor of the Second Presbyterian church 
of Bloomington, 111., and moderator of the Presbyterian 
Church, U.S.A. The concluding speaker on Friday will 
be the Rev. Homer Kiracofe, pastor of the Plymouth 
church, Ind. Alumni and friends are invited to all of 
these lectures. 

McPherson College 

Come and Worship, a festival of Christmas music, 
was presented on Sunday, December 15, in the college 
church by the four choirs of the church and the two 
college choirs. 

A total of $512,000 has been pledged to the Mc- 
Pherson College Development Fund, as of Dec. 20. 
With the church and the McPherson community 
phases virtually completed, the campaign continues 
among alumni and individual friends of the college. 
The goal of the campaign is $725,000. 

Sixty teams of debaters from Kansas, Nebraska, 
Missouri, and Oklahoma participated in the annual 
McPherson College Economy Debate Tournament on 
January II. Prof. Guy Hayes, McPherson debate coach, 
was the director of the tournament. 

Kenneth Kinzie, assistant professor of art, was the 
designer of a large nativity scene which was con- 
structed in the bandshell of the McPherson Lakeside 
Park during the Christmas season. The figures aver- 
aged eight feet in height. The nativity group included 
fourteen figures. 

Miss Sherland Ng, a sophomore from Hawaii, will 
assume the duties as editor-in-chief of the student 
paper. The Spectator, for the second semester. Miss 
Ng is an English major. 

The basketball squad includes 30 men for the 1957- 
58 season. The varsity team schedule includes two 
early season tournaments, and 19 individual games. 

In two separate meetings on the campus, the edu- 
cation department and the industrial arts department 

were hosts to school administrators and teachers of the 
surrounding McPherson area. These meetings, the first 
of this kind to be held at the college, were planned for 
the purpose of surveying the college's practice teaching 
program, and informing the public school people of 
these college departments. 

The Church Calendar 

February 2 

Lesson outline based on International Sunday School 
Lessons; the International Bible Lessons for Christian 
Teaching, copyrighted 1951 by the Division of Chris- 
tian Education, National Council of Churches of Christ 
in the U.S.A. 

Sunday-school Lesson: Privileges of Church Member- 
ship. Luke 4:14-21; 2 Cor. 9:6-8; Gal. 6:1-5; Heb. 4:14- 
16; 10:23-25; 1 Peter 2:9-10. Memory Selection: You are 
a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, God's 
own people, that you may declare the wonderful deeds 
of him who called you out ol darkness into his marvelous 
hght. 1 Peter 2:9 (R.S.V.) 

Feb. 3-7 Brethren youth seminar, Washington, D. C, 
and New York City 

Feb. 9 Race Relations Sunday 

Feb. 11-13 Spiritual Life Institute, Bridgewater Col- 
lege, Bridgewater, Va. 

Feb. 16-23 Brotherhood Week 

Feb. 18-23 Pacific Coast regional conference, Fresno, 

Feb. 19 Ash Wednesday 

Feb. 21 World Day of Prayer 

Feb. 23 Commitment Sunday 

March 3-7 Adult seminar, Washington, D.C., and New 
York City 

March 7-8 Central Region daily vacation Bible school 
conference, Manchester College, Ind. 

With Our Evangelists 

Will you pray for the success of these meetings? 
Will you share the burden which these laborers carry? 

Bro. Hiram Gingrich of Lebanon, Fa., in the Holsinger 
church, Pa., March 13-23. 

Bro. Delbert Hanlin of Wauseon, Ohio, in the Dupont 
church, Ohio, March 16-23. 

Bro. J. Harry Enders of Lancaster, Pa., in the Salunga 
church. Pa., March 5-16. 

Brother and Sister Harper S. Will of Westminster, Md., 
in the Black Swamp church, March 2-9. 

Bro. Russell G. West of Wiley, Colo., in the Miami 
church, Fla., Feb. 11-23. 

Gains for the Kingdom 

Five baptized in the Nampa church, Idaho. 

Ten baptized and four received by letter in the Pipe 
Creek church, Ind. One received by letter in the Salem 
chiurch, Ohio. Four baptized in the Brookville church, Ohio. 

Nine baptized and one received on former baptism in 
the Chiques church. Pa. Five baptized in the Claysburg 
church. Pa. Three baptized and one received by letter in 
the Florin church. Fa. Sixteen baptized and two received 
by letter in the Woodbury church. Fa. Five baptized and 
one received by letter in the Madison Avenue church, 
York, Fa. 

Four baptized and three received by letter in the Miami 
church, Fla. Eighteen baptized and four received by letter 
in the Cloverdale church, Va. Ten baptized and ten re- 
ceived by letter in the Mt. Vernon church, Va. Six baptized 
in the Western Mt. Carmel church, Va. Three baptized and 
six received by letter in the Mathias church, W. Va. 



News and Comment From Around the World 

New Curriculum Outlined 
for World Areas 

The World Council of Christian 
Education is actively participating 
in five different curriculum under- 
takings now at various stages of 

A Near East Curriculum Confer- 
ence was held in Lebanon last 
summer. The outcome of this con- 
ference was a completed three-year 
undated cycle-graded lesson sylla- 
bus. The first lessons based on this 
syllabus will go into use in January, 
1960. They will be in two lan- 
guages, Arabic and Armenian. 

Other curriculum projects involve 
a course for Latin American, Span- 
ish-speaking Sunday schools which 
is now in actual production; a set 
of curriculum resources for village 
and city Sunday schools in India; 
a joint curriculum enterprise for 
churches in Africa-south-of-the-Sa- 
hara; and a proposed curriculum 
for Enghsh-speaking churches in the 
Carribbean area. 

Hindu Leader Defends 
Work of Missionaries 

A Hindu leader recently praised 
the humanitarian and educational 
work of Christian missionaries in 
India and branded as "unproved" 
and "exaggerated" charges that they 
use improper pressure to win 

Dr. A. Krishnaswamy, a member 
of the Indian parliament took excep- 
tion to statements last year which 
recommended that foreign mission- 
aries engaged primarily in prosely- 
tizing be withdrawn from the 
country. He said, "The concensus 
of opinion in India has been op- 
posed to drawing up a bill of in- 
dictment against missionaries." 

ICA Helps Voluntary 
Agencies With Ocean Freight 

The International Cooperation 
Administration paid ocean freight 
charges of more than $25 miUion 
to help twenty-four American vol- 
untary agencies ship $132 miUion 
worth of relief and rehabilitation 
suppHes last year. The aggregate 
weight of the shipments of food, 
clothing and medical supplies was 
more than one and one-third billion 

In the five years ending last June 



30, American voluntary agencies 
have shipped a total of more than 
1,546,000 tons of rehef materials to 
countries participating in the Ocean 
Freight Subsidy Program. 

Discover Ancient Christian 
Church in Israel 

Discovery of the oldest Christian 
church ever excavated in Israel has 
been announced by the Israeli An- 
tiquities Department. The church 
was uncovered in the village of 
Shavei Zion on the Mediterranean 
coast. An inscription on one of its 
stones sets the date of construction 
of the church during the reign of 
Emperor Constantino the Great in 
the fourth century. 

Said to be one of the greatest 
of such discoveries in recent times, 
the church measures 80 by 50 feet. 
Its extensive mosaic floors are be- 
lieved to be far older than anything 
preserved in Nazareth or Jerusalsm. 

Four Lutheran Bodies Plan 
Merger Developments 

A proposed merger of four Lu- 
theran bodies came closer to reahty 
as their representatives met in Chi- 
cago recently and studied a name 
for the proposed new three million 
member church. They also mapped 
its organizational structure and ap- 
proved a doctrinal statement to be 
written into its constitution. 

The merging groups are the 
United Lutheran Church in Amer- 
ica, the Augustana Lutheran 
Church, the Finnish Evangelical 
Lutheran Church and the American 
Evangelical Lutheran Chvurch. The 
representatives favored calling the 
merged church the "Evangelical Lu- 
theran Church in America." 

The commission voted to call the 
top officer of the new church presi- 
dent rather than president-bishop or 
archbishop. They decided that the 
president and church secretary must 
both be clergymen although the 
treasurer may be either a pastor or 
a layman. 

World Council Official Seeks 
Opening for Bible in Yugoslavia 

An official of the World Council 
of Churches has conferred with the 
Yugoslav Communist government 
authorities concerning their refusal 
to allow the British and Foreign 
Bible Society to import Bibles. Ray- 
mond E. Maxwell, the World Coun- 
cil's secretary for Orthodox Church 

Affairs made this disclosure at the 
end of a five-day visit to Yugoslavia. 
The purpose of the visit was to 
inspect the distribution of food and 
used clothing supplied by the World 
Council through the International 
Red Cross to impoverished Serbian 
Orthodox priests and their famihes. 
The British and Foreign Bible 
Society is the sole suppHer of Bible 
texts in Yugoslavia. At one time 
it furnished churches with from fifty 
to sixty thousand copies of the Bible 
a year. Now the society is receiving 
only up to thirty Bibles a month 
by registered mail. 

Lutherans to Establish 
Immigration Service 

A Lutheran Immigration Service 
was launched Jan. 1 by the National 
Lutheran Council's Division of Wel- 
fare. The functions of the service 
include welcoming immigrants at 
ports of entry and referring them 
to Lutheran churches for spiritual 
ministry, co-ordinating the work of 
Lutheran churches and welfare 
agencies for the protection, guid- 
ance and counsel of immigrants 
as needed, and giving information 
on immigration problems and pro- 

News Briefs 

A three-year migrant citizen train- 
ing project is being launched by the 
National Coimcil of Churches. The 
new project was made possible by 
$112,500 grant from the Schwartz- 
haupt Foundation of Chicago. The 
purpose is to teach migrant agricul- 
tural workers their rights and re- 
sponsibilities as citizens and to train 
communities to extend help and 
understanding to them. 

A total of $3,500,000 was loaned 
during the first ten months of 1957 
by the Board of National Missions of 
the Presbyterian Church in the 
U.S.A. for the construction of new 
churches across the country. 

The Protestant Church in the 

Palatinate in Germany has protested 
against a plan of the American 
Armed Forces in Germany to build 
rocket bomb bases close to hospitals 
and homes operated by the church 

A church calendar has been pub- 
lished by the Lutheran Church of 
Estonia for the first time since the 

incorporation of that country in the 
Soviet Union in 1944. The church 
has about 350,000 members. 

A Hungarian-language monthly 
for Lutheran refugees in this country 
has been launched under the spon- 
sorship of the National Lutheran 
Council. The eight-page periodical 
is being published in order to assist 
in providing spiritual nurture for the 
reader. It will also help the refugees 
to form Lutheran congregations and 
to integrate themselves into Ameri- 
can church life. 

The Internal Revenue Service has 
ruled that a minister who receives 
his parsonage rent free but pays for 
his utilities can deduct the cost of 
these utilities for income tax pur- 
poses if a part of his salary is set 
aside as a housing allowance. Such 
allowance will be deductable from 
gross income for tax purposes to the 
extent actually used to pay utility 
bills. This provision is retroactive 
to Jan. 1, 1955. 

Seventh-day Adventist oflBcials 
have asked the Navy to exempt sail- 
ors of their faith from bearing arms 
and from duty on Saturday. Advent- 
ist seamen are enjoined by their 
church from bearing arms and from 
working on the Sabbath. Occasion- 
ally an Adventist sailor has run into 
difficulties with his superiors over 
these church requirements. Most 
Adventists of military age go into the 
army where they serve as medical 

A regular food program for Po- 

land was launched in New York 
with a shipment of 100,000 pounds 
of cheese and 260,000 pounds of 
used clothing by the Catholic Relief 
Services. At the same time the agen- 
cy announced that a relief adminis- 
trator would be in charge of the 
distribution of its supplies. He will 
be the first American priest officially 
to go into Poland since 1946. 

Heifers for relief recently com- 
pleted negotiations for sending 400 
chicks to Nigeria. The only way to 
get them to Lagos was to fly them 
from England. English Quakers 
made arrangements with English 
hatcheries so that the English chicks; 
could be delivered to Church of the 
Brethren missionaries. The negotia- 
tions took over a year to complete. 

The Commission on Faith and 
Order of the World Council of 
Churches sponsored its annual week 
of prayer for Christian unity during 
the week January 18 to 25. Prepara- 
tions included the distribution of 
literature to the World Council's 
169 member churches and to cor- 
respondents in 60 countries. 

The National Christian Council of 
Japan has protested against a recent 
government proposal which provides 
that recommended films be shown in 
local theaters throughout the coun- 
try every Sunday morning and that 
school children be encouraged to at- 
tend. The Christian group says that 
the proposal would "seriously im- 
pair Sunday - school attendance 
throughout the nation." 

For the Brussels World Fair a Small Church 
Serves All of Protestantism 

Next spring, for the first time since 
World War II, the nations of the 
world -will put their best feet for- 
ward in a mammoth world's fair. 
The place is Brussels, Belgium, and 
the fair, ofi^icially named the Brus- 
sels Universal and International Ex- 
hibition, will be in session from April 
17 to Oct. 19, 1958. 

The point of this big international 
exhibition, the first since the New 
York World's Fair in 1939, will be 
to emphasize "the nature and des- 
tiny of man." 

"We aim to bring together people 
of every nation and every race, of 
widely dijfferent cultures and civili- 
zations, and to make them conscious 
of their common humanity," says 
Baron Moens de Femig, commission- 
er general of the Belgian Govern- 
ment for the exhibition. 

A great Palace of International 
Co-operation will house such organi- 

zations as the United Nations, UNE- 
SCO, FAO, the Red Cross, and many 

The United States will have a 
multimillion dollar pavilion of plas- 
tic and gold-colored steel on a six- 
and-one-half-acre site between the 
massive exhibits of the Vatican City 
and the Soviet Union. 

The Roman CathoHc Church 
through the Vatican City has been 
working on plans for its vast pa- 
vihon, "Civitas Dei," (City of God) 
since 1954. It will include a chapel 
seating 2,000, where masses will be 
held all day long. There will be an 
auditorium seating 1,500 plus a 
restaurant for the convenience of 
f asters. 

Planned as it is in tune with the 
needs of a new age, the World's Fair 
obviously could not be complete 
without a Protestant exhibit. And 
the Protestants will be there, not 

through the sponsorship of a world 
organization or any other major 
church group, but through the faith, 
love, and work of Belgium's tiny 
Protestant minority (75,000 in a 
total population of 8,500,00). 

This foresighted group, through 
the Federation of Protestant Church- 
es of Belgium, and under the leader- 
ship of Netherlands Reformed Pastor 
Pieter Fagel, secured on faith 1,000 
square meters in the very center of 
the grounds near the 462-foot high 
"Atomium" symbol of the 1958 Brus- 
sels World Exhibition. And the 
Belgian Protestants are going ahead 
with their dream with littie or no 
aid from the rest of the world's 

The Protestant Pavilion will not 
be large, but it will be beautiful, its 
tlieme will be "The New Humanity, 
as seen in the light of Jesus Christ." 
It has been designed by M. Calame- 
Rosset, a Swiss architect who has 
lived most of his life in Belgium. 

The Protestant center will be 
mainly of brass and aluminum, in 
prefabricated form. It will have a 
circular chapel, which wiU be a quiet 
spot for meditation. Here three 
short services will be held daily in 
different languages. An exhibition 
hall will feature various aspects of 
the life and work of the church in 
literature, interchurch aid, religious 
art, liturgy, evangelism, and social 

After the Brussels Exhibition clos- 
es in the fall of 1958, the Protestant 
Pavilion will be moved to a desirable 
spot to serve a Belgian community 
or to become an ecumenical center 
for the Belgian chiurch. Cost of the 
project will be somewhere in the 
neighborhood of $120,000. 

"The small Belgian churches are 
making an enormous effort to pro- 
vide $20,000. They hope and pray 
that the more privileged churches in 
the world will supply the remaining 
$100,000," Pastor Fagel said. 

Churches and individuals in Ger- 
many, Switzerland, and The Neth- 
erlands have more than matched the 
Belgian churches' pledge. The 
United Bible Societies have given 
support and some money to the 
project. The World Council of 
Churches is giving moral support 
but has no funds for the center. 
And, as far as is known, no Ameri- 
can church or church organization 
has yet contributed to this cause.— 
Presbyterian Life. 

FEBRUARY 1, 1958 


<^^ ^^^M, 


OUR omm^ WORK in the worlr/today 

This Is the Place 

Address presented by Donald E. Rowe at the Cherokee Hills 
parsonage dedication, September 15, 1957 

LAST spring on a trip to attend 
the Annual Conference of the 
Church of the Brethren at Eu- 
gene, Oregon, we stopped at Salt 
Lake City. Before arriving at Salt 
Lake, we passed through country 
that was hot, dry, barren, and dusty. 
As we approached Salt Lake and 
saw this beautiful valley with green 
vegetation, I think I shared a bit 
of the feeling which Brigham Young 
had when he with a small band of 
followers arrived in Salt Lake from 
Illinois and with enthusiasm said, 
"This is the place." 

Brigham Young had endured 
much hardship which had been 
brought about by hunger, thirst, and 
torture by Indians. It had been a 
real struggle for them until they 
reached the point where they could 
say, "This is the place." 

Practically every individual or 
group that has been associated with 
progress within the life of the Chris- 
tian church has encountered much 
struggle and sacrifice before they 
could reach the point where they 
could say, "This is the place." 

Christ loved the church. He broke 
with many of the teachings of Ju- 
daism; he criticized its weaknesses 
and denounced the hollowness and 
harshness of some of its leaders. But 
he believed in the church. The gos- 
pels record his intention to build the 
church with such spiritual strength 
that it would be impregnable to the 
assaults of life-destroying' forces. He 
believed so much in the church that 
he sacrificed himself for it. 

When Jesus met his disciples for 
the final time on the mountain in 
Galilee, he gave them the great com- 
mission. He told them that they 
were to go and preach in all the 
world and make disciples and bap- 
tize them. This is the place where 
the Christian church had its begin- 

Martin Luther was concerned with 

those who believed they could be 
saved by doing penance or even by 
buying indulgences. He saw the 
rottenness of a commercialized sys- 
tem of salvation, and he called men 
back to God. His study of Paul's 
letter to the Romans convinced him 
that men are justified by faith and 
not by anything that they do. 

As he stood trial, he made this 
testimony: "I do not recognize any 
man as head of the church, but Jesus 
Christ only, who is the True Rock 
and Foundation of the church. I 
neither can, nor will, recant any- 
thing. Here I stand. I cannot do 
otherwise. God help me." 

This is the place where the Prot- 
estant church was born. We owe a 
debt to the courageous, able, and 
devoted Martin Luther, whose Bibli- 
cal faith started all this. 

Next year marks the 250th year 
since the founding of the Church 
of the Brethren in Germany. It was 
at Schwarzenau in the year 1708 that 
a little company of eight souls 
walked from their homes and place 
of worship to the little Eder River, 
which flows through a beautiful val- 
ley of green. On the bank of the 



Leland Wilson, Cherokee Hills pastor 

river, they read a passage of scrip- 
ture, sang, and prayed. Then the 
eight were baptized in the river. This 
is the place where the Church of the 
Brethren had its origin. Since this 
was a break from the corrupt state 
church, these Brethren had to endure 
severe persecution for the position 
they had taken. 

It was at this time that William 
Penn and Colonial America offered 
deliverance from persecution for the 
Brethren. The first group under 
the leadership of Peter Becker ar- 
rived in America in 1719 and set- 
tled in Germantown, a German 
community six miles northwest of 

This is the place where the Church 
of the Brethren had its beginning 
in America. Even though they were 
small in numbers, this little church 
made a strong and permanent im- 
pression upon the life and thought 
of Colonial America. 

During the next one hundred 
years. Brethren moved out from 
Germantown— first into other Penn- 
sylvania communities, then across 
the mountains westward. It was not 
until the middle of the century that 
a wave of immigration westward re- 
sulted in the establishment of per- 
manent congregations beyond the 

Beginnings in Kansas 

One hundred years ago, about 
1856, the first church was organized 
in the state of Kansas. The first one 
was the Cottonwood church in Lyon 
County. Following 1880, people 
from the Eastern states migrated 
in large numbers. In 1908, there 
were sixty-three congregations and 
3,837 members in Kansas. 

On the eve of the 250th anniver- 
sary of the church and 100 years 
after the establishment of the first 
church in Kansas, this is the place 
of a memorable occasion. This is 
the first church to be established by 
the Kansas church extension com- 
mittee. This is the program which 
unites the four districts of Kansas 
in the establishing of new com- 
munity churches. 

At a meeting of the church exten- 
sion committee on March 5, 1955, 

-The Church at Work 

it was decided that the regional and 
state field secretaries should focus 
their study on the possibility of a 
site for a new church, either in the 
Kansas City or the Wichita area. The 
help of pastors and laymen of both 
churches was sought. Overland Park 
was selected as the place where the 
new work was to begin. 

In mid-August, 1955, the Chero- 
kee Hills Development Company 
offered to sell a church site in their 
development. Gorman Zook, secre- 
tary of the committee, called a 
meeting of the church extension 
committee which was held in Over- 
land Park on August 29, 1955. There 
was enthusiastic and unanimous 
agreement by all that this should 
be the place. After careful considera- 
tion, action was taken for the pur- 
chase of the property. 

This is the place in which each 
church of the state has an investment 
and interest. We know that where 
your treasure is there your heart is 
also. You have contributed money 
for this work and your presence in- 
dicates your interest. All of us must 
fervently unite in prayer for God's 
blessing upon these people and the 
growth of this church. 

We are all aware that much of 
the success of a program such as 
this depends upon capable leader- 
ship. The committee sought and 
found one of the best qualified young 
men of the denomination. This is 
the place to which Leland Wilson 
and his family have been called to 
live and to serve the people of Cher- 
okee Hills and the surrounding area 
as pastor. 

In the true Brethren tradition, 
this is the place where Protestants 
of all backgrounds are invited to 
worship, serve, and search for a 
greater understanding of the will 
of God for their lives. 

This is the place where the Breth- 
ren hope to serve the spiritual needs 
of every home in the community 
regardless of social, economic, or 
racial background. This is the place 
where the ministry of the church 
will be available to everyone. 

This is the place where this church 
will lend its support in co-operating 
with other churches in the commun- 
ity, the council of churches, and the 
school in making this a better com- 
munity in which to live. 

With God willing, and us working, 
giving, praying, this is the place 
where not only will the Overland 

Park Community church become a 
vital, solid bulwark silhouetted 
against the sky on this crest of land 
in Cherokee Hills, but for years to 
come, it will be a living symbol to 

all who see— and especially to the 
four districts of the church of the 
Brethren in Kansas— that in unity 
with God and one another there is 
strength and progress. 

Kikuyu children receive daily soup ration in the Kiambu reserve, Kenya 

Project-of-the-Month for February 


THE people on the Dark Con- 
tinent of Africa have caught 
a glimpse of the light— the 
light of freedom, racial equality, and 
the promise of a more abundant life. 
In Nigeria and the Gold Coast peace- 
ful means were vised to gain inde- 
pendence; in the colonial province 
of Kenya the surge for independence 
has been marked with violence. 

The Kikuyu tribe has dominated 
the independence movement in Ken- 
ya. Within the Kikuyu tribe, there 
grew a movement which has come 
to be known as the Man Man. This 
group opposes the majority of the 
Kikuyu and other tribes, which pre- 
ferred peaceful negotiations for in- 
dependence—the Mau Mau favored 
violent rebellion. 

As a result of the terrorizing by 
the Mau Mau and the subsequent 
military action of the British to quiet 
the rebellion, thousands of people, 
mostly women and children, were 
made homeless by the burning and 
pillaging of the villages. 

The refugees were placed in 

camps established by the British 
government and now are cut off 
from their normal means of liveli- 
hood. The British Council of 
Churches and Church World Serv- 
ice, working through the Christian 
Council of Kenya, are providing 
medical, educational and welfare 
services for the inhabitants of the 

From Kenya comes an urgent re- 
quest for 20,000 garments to clothe 
the children. Missionaries have sent 
patterns for garments adaptable to 
the climate and mode of living in the 
Kenya refugee camps. The Cut Gar- 
ment Department in New Windsor 
has developed from these patterns 
ready-cut garments which are now 
available from the Brethern Service 
Centers in New Windsor, Md., Nap- 
panee, Ind., and Modesto, Calif. 
For additional information write to 
Director, Material Aid Services, 
Brethren Service Center, New Wind- 
sor, Md. 

FEBRUARY 1, 1958 


Toward His Kingdom- 



Our German Co- Workers 

How can a program of the size and importance 
of the Brethren Service program in Germany be 
carried on eflFectively over a period of years when 
it uses the services of volunteers who can stay only 
twenty-two months? 

Here is a part of the answer to this difficult ques- 
tion—the directors and volunteers carmot do the job 
alone. And there is where the German personnel at 
Brethren House, Kassel, come in. They are the long- 
term people who add stability at the office and the 
"living" level. Without them the volvmteers and staff 
members would have to spend many extra hours of 
acquiring contacts and hunting for information. 

May we introduce these loyal, devoted helpers— 


Susanne Widisch, as secretary to Wilbur Mullen, di- 
rector of the German program, has perhaps the best 
knowledge of Brethren Service activities in Germany 
in recent years. She is largely responsible for orienta- 
tion and language-study program for new volunteers 
in Brethren House. Ability in English and French, 
with some knowledge of Spanish and Italian render 
her capable to handle most of the translations needed 
at the center. She has been with Brethren Service 
since 1953. 

Inge Paulo has been working at Brethren House since 
August 1956. A good translator and secretary, she 
goes about all her work energetically and willingly 
and is a friend to all of the volunteers. She has worked 
in almost all parts of the program and is at present 
in charge of the library in addition to working in the 
volunteer office. 

I i 

Frau Schapitz helps keep the six offices, the assembly 
hall, lounges, library, dining room, kitchen, recreation 
room, and the hallways clean. The floors are always 
shining despite the heavy traffic. She began work at 
the Brethren House in April 1957. 

-The Church of Work 

Frau Elizabeth Huenermund is in charge of washing 
and ironing for Brethren House. She has been working 
at the house since January 1955. Her pet peeve is 
unlabeled clothing. 

Frau Margot Schlesinger, working in the office of Heifer 
Project, Inc., has been with the Brethren since 1950. 
Her secretarial ability, excellent English, and years of 
experience and contact with government officials make 
her very valuable to Heifer Project and to Brethren 

Frau Luzie Schapitz, "Lucy," is the excellent cook who 
combines so well American tastes and German produce. 
Her doughnuts are famous among volunteers. She has 
been at the house since January 1953. 

Lilli Schlieper, the newest of the German personnel, 
began work in June of 1957. She serves as receptionist, 
greeting visitors, placing and receiving calls for offices, 
and handling postage and mail. She also does transla- 
tions and secretarial work. 

FEBRUARY 1. 1958 


Toward His Kingdom- 

World Friendship 
Book to Japan 


N AUG. 6, 1945, tlie first 
atomic bomb fell on Hiroshi- 
ma, Japan. Exactly thirteen 
years later, on Aug. 6, 1958 a dra- 
matic and far-reaching demonstation 
of another kind of power will take 
place in that same country when 
representatives of scores of friendly 
nations, from every continent, will 
convene in the large and glamorous 
Sports Arena in Tokyo. On that 
evening delegates from all over the 
world, attending the fourteenth 
World Convention on Christian Edu- 
cation, will move in stately proces- 
sion to the central rostrum. Each 
will wear his native costume, and 
each will carry a flag of his country. 

All together, with a large inter- 
national choir leading, they will sing 
with the many thousands assembled, 
not a war song of hatred, but a joy- 
ful paean of affirmation of world- 
embracing Christian brotherhood. 
Dr. Gerald E. Knoff, executive secre- 
tary of the Division of Christian Edu- 
cation of the National Council of 
Churches of Christ in the USA, 
writes, "This time a pillar of cloud 
by day and pillar of light by night 
will testify to the Lord's leading 
rather dian to man's wrath." 

From far away, and months before 
the appointed time, on the inner ear 
echoes the triumphant notes of ju- 
bilee, as a vast assemblage of Chris- 
tians sing in gratitude and renewed 
devotion to Him who is for all man- 
kind "the way, the truth, and the 
life." And in the mind's eye focused 
on distant horizons, we see the dele- 
gates from many lands in a heart- 
warming march to the central altar 
of the convention. They carry proud- 
ly the volumes of the World Friend- 
ship Book of signatures of Christian 
leaders in their various countries, 
to be presented to the Christian edu- 
cation leaders of Japan. Notice them, 
on the screen of the kindled imagi- 
nation, coming from Angola, Argen- 
tina, Australia, and, through the 
alphabet— from Switzerland, Thai- 
land, Trinidad, and the United 

At that time, the Rt. Hon. the 
Viscount Mackintosh of Halifax, 

The poster 

reproduced here, 

designed and 

printed in Japan, 

brings together on 

the background of 

Mt. Fujiyama rural 

scenes, city streets, 

and a typical 

church in Japan 

whose work in 

Christian teaching 

is a central concern 

ol the 14th World 

Convention on 





England, President of the World 
Council of Christian Education and 
Sunday School Association, will give 
to the leaders of the National Chris- 
tian Council of Japan a substantial 
gift to be used in the furtherance 
of Christian teaching in that nation. 
It is probable that the Christian 
Council of the host country will 
designate its president. Rev. Dr. 
Michio Kozaki, to accept the gift 
in the presence of a larger number 
of leaders in the religious and civic 
life of Japan. 

This generous support of the 
Christian education workers of Ja- 
pan will be one half of the total 
gifts made by the signers of the 
World Friendship Book. The other 
half of the money contibuted will be 
used to help meet the travel costs 
of delegates from churches in Asia, 
Africa and Latin America, as well as 
from some countries in Europe, 
where Protestants are minority 
groups in the total populations. 

The first page of signatures for 
the World Friendship Book from any 
country beyond the borders of Cana- 
da and the United States came from 
Nigeria. It was presented by Canon 

Timothy O. Olufosoye, secretary of 
the youth board of the Christian 
Council of Nigera, which is respon- 
sible for Sunday schools and youth 
work in that country, on behalf of his 
lay and ordained associates in the 
teaching work of his Diocese. It in- 
cludes names such as Olamito, 
Hgumloge, Angulu, Falade, and Ak- 
mulamijo. It was accompanied by 
a generous gift. 

Interesting, also, are some of the 
names of signers of the book from 
El Salvador. (That's a good name 
for a country, isn't it— The Saviour) 
The roster includes these: Jiminez, 
Rodriguez, Molina, Pineda, Lima, 
Eceda, Argumedo, Aparicio, Cam- 
pos,, Candida— and Chinchilla! Their 
gift came in pesos. 

In the United States, the follow- 
ing denominational boards of Chris- 
tian education have distributed 
World Friendship Book pages to all 
of their Sunday schools: African 
Methodist Episcopal Zion Church, 
American Baptist Convention, 
Church of the Brethren, Churches 
of Christ (Disciples), Evangelical 
and Reformed, Evangelical-United 
Brethren, Presbyterian, U.S., Pres- 


-The Church at Work 

byterian U.S.A., the Methodist 
Church, Reformed Church in Ameri- 
ca, and the United Presbyterian 
Church. These churches have a 
combined membership of more than 
20,000,000 people. In addition, the 
National Baptist Convention, Inc., 
and the Protestant Episcopal Church 
have sent the World Friendship 
Book materials to all of their regional 
and area offices, and many state and 
city Councils of churches offices 
have been sending out information 
and materials on the World Friend- 
ship Book project. Among the most 
active have been the Minnesota and 
the Massachusetts Council of 

All churches in Canada are being 
invited to have a share in the World 
Friendship Book. Christian leaders 
in the Dominion expect to furnish 
thousands of autographed pages. 
(One enthusiastic friend estimates 
the number of Canadian signatures 
at 20,000, which is a most encourag- 
ing estimate!) 

The pages of the book are not in- 
tended for the signatures of children, 
but rather for Sunday- and church 
school officers and teachers, mem- 
bers of adult Bible classes and other 
church groups. Each person who 
signs makes a contribution of a dollar 
or more. 

When the "returns are all in" and 
properly bound, they will be a strik- 
ing and memorable token of world- 
wide Christian friendship. It is hoped 
that as many as possible will mail 
their pages for the World Friendship 
Book before Feb. 10, 1958, or as 
soon thereafter as possible. Will 
there be 100,000 or 200,000 signa- 
tures? Take a guess, just for the 
fun of it, even if there is no reward 
for the closest estimate. 

Pages for the World Friendship 
Book were mailed to all the Church 
of the Brethren Sunday-school super- 
intendents last May. Additional 
blank pages may be procured by 
writing to the Christian Education 
Commission, Ceneral Brotherhood 
Board, 22 S. State St., Elgin, 111. 
Completed pages and their accom- 
panying offering should be mailed 
to the World Council of Christian 
Education and Sunday School As- 
sociation, 156 Fifth Ave., New York 
10, N. Y. 

Dr. C. Ernest Davis will be an 
oflBcial delegate to the Assembly of 
the World Council of Christian Ed- 
ucation and one of the Brethren 
representatives at the Convention. 

The Family Counselor 

Paul Hersch 
Clyde Weaver 

H. K. Zeller. Jr. 
Leah Zuck 

Jesse Ziegler 
Kalherine Weaver 

The Family Counselor welcomes letters of inquiry. They may be addressed: Family 
Life Department, General Brotherhood Board, 22 S. State St., Elgin, 111. 

Dear Counselor, 

We moved into this community 
a year ago. Only very few of the 
church people came to see us or to 
make friends with us. Then, a group 
of ladies in a social club invited me 
to become a member. Now I find 
that they gossip, smoke and use vul- 
gar language. They are excellent 
neighbors— always ready to help. 
Should I try to change the club, get 
out of it, or just be a homebody? 

Dear Friend, 

From what you say, I conclude 
that you have accepted the invita- 
tion of the club to participate in its 
activities. You do not indicate that 
you have done the same for the 
church. Your choice should never 

be, either the church or the club, 
but rather, both the church and the 
club (if the club's activities are 

Gossip, vulgarity and other bad 
habits do not make for pleasant 
company. Those who value your 
friendship will value your judgment. 
Don't hesitate to let them know 
tactfully how you feel about these 
matters. If you cannot bring about 
changes in the group, you would 
certainly prefer to move to a more 
worthwhile company. 

You need not be a homebody. 
Accept the friendly invitation of the 
few from the church who came to 
see you. It is obvious these few need 
you to help make the church in your 
community a vital part of the body 
of Christ.-Leah M. Zuck. 

District Trains 
Local Church Workers 

PASTORS and laymen in the 
Middle District of Pennsyl- 
vania for several years have 
urged the commission on Christian 
education to provide leadership for 
church ushers. Their lament has 
been that many worthy men are 
thrown into this responsibility with- 
out adequate understanding and 
without being given the guidance 

Accordingly, the commission spon- 
sored four schools for training in the 
art of church ushering in four areas 
of the district— at Matawanna, Ston- 
erstown, Tyrone, and New Enter- 

Harold Z. Bomberger, regional 
secretary, was the instructor. His 
curriculum materials were the film- 
strip. The Art of Church Ushering, 
rented at seventy-five cents per 
showing from the Visual Education 
Service (Ceneral Brotherhood 
Board ) ; Principles of Church Usher- 
ing, an excellent manual available 
from the Church of the Brethren 
Ceneral Offices, at fifty cents per 
copy; and a study guide. Toward 
Better Church Ushering, which he 

Aspects of the art of church usher- 
ing considered were: 

—Importance of Good Ushers 

—Need for Training for Ushers 

—The Ushering Staff— General 
Functions, How Chosen, Qualifi- 

—Specific Tips on Effective Usher- 

—Responsibilities of the Church to 
Its Ushering Staff 


At the same time and in the same 
locations, the commission on Chris- 
tian education also sponsored schools 
designed to give training to local 
church boards of Chi-istian educa- 
tion and local church school leaders. 
Mrs. Nevin W. Fisher, associate 
Eastern Regional secretary, was the 
leader. The filmstrip. The Growing 
Teacher, from the LEAV Kit and her 
own manual. The Local Church and 
Its Program of Christian Education, 
provided the bases for the instruc- 
tion and discussion. 

Interest and enthusiasm for these 
training experiences were shown by 
die number of folks who remained 
to continue discussion following ad- 
journment of the more formal ses- 
sions.— HaroZrf Z. Bomberser. 

FEBRUARY 1. 1958 


Toward His Kingdom- 

i^«:*y ^^ -ssr 

The Dille SchooL The church building at DiUe was recently destroyed by fire. 
Plans ore being made to rebuild 


Progress Comes to Dille 

DILLE is a Nigerian village 
seven miles north of Lassa. 
The chief is the head of the 
court for about seven or eight local 
political areas, each area having its 
own chief. Since olden times Dille 
has been an important Margi village, 
but owing to an interesting turn of 
fate it has never been developed as 
some villages are being developed 
in these days. 

In 1927 H. Stover Kulp and Dr. 
Homer Burke came to the Margi area 
to open work here. They decided to 
build a station at Dille because of 
its central location in relation to the 
Margi population and its political 
importance. Temporary living quar- 
ters were set up at the end of the 
rainy season. But the search for a 
good water supply yielded unsatis- 
factory results and permanent build- 
ings were not erected. 

Early in 1928 the missionaries 
moved down to Lassa, where water 
is always plentiful. The people of 
Dille have felt slighted for the past 
thirty years. Lassa, instead of Dille, 
gained the prestige and benefits of 
a large mission station, a modern 
hospital, junior and senior primary 
schools, and a growing Christian 

Part of the Dille population fol- 



Irven Stern 

lowed the mission to Lassa and some 
have become the African leaders 
there. Eli Karbam is an ordained 
minister and pastor of the large 
church in Lassa. He came from DiUe. 
Kutariju assists the doctor at Lassa 
hospital in most surgery and does 
some minor surgery himself. He is al- 
so a deacon in the church. His entire 
family came to Lassa from Dille 
when the mission moved here. Elijah 
Nandarayu came down to Lassa 
years ago. Today he is headmaster 
of the Lassa junior primary school of 
384 pupils and thirteen teachers. 

While some of Dille's people grew 
along with the mission, many re- 
mained in Dille not much changed 
for the mission's coming. There has 
been for many years a class of reli- 
gious instiTiction in Dille. A number 
of people were touched by Chris- 
tianity and won for Christ over the 
years. More and more of the chil- 
dren in Dille have been walking 
down the path to Lassa to enter 
school until now some of these chil- 
dren have grown up and completed 
much training for the standard here. 
One such man is a Nigerian regis- 
tered nurse. Another has finished 
his elementary teacher training and 
is teaching school now. 

The year 1957 marks a turning 

point in Dille. It is in this year that 
notable progress has taken place 
there. In January a junior pri- 
mary school was opened with Mal- 
1am Papka Jidayi, son of the Dille 
chief, working as head teacher in 
the school. He is a graduate of Waka. 
In March the Christians in Dille 
organized as a separate congregation 
in our mission area with seventy-two 
members and sixty-five persons pre- 
paring for baptism. 

The Dille congregation is the 
twelfth and most recently organized 
church in our Nigerian mission. In 
the future they hope to build their 
own church building and to support 
evangelistic work in villages near 
by. At the present time they are 
supporting their own program. 

There are many interesting inci- 
dents to relate in connection with 
building the Dille junior primary 
school building. Let us tell a few. 

The people had asked the mission 
many times to build a school in, 
Dille. Permission to open a school 
had first to be obtained from the 
government. That permission was 
granted, but the government granted, 
no money for the building, for em- 
ploying teachers, and other necessary 
expenses. This must be done by the 
mission and the village working 

The mission did not have enough 
funds available to pay all the ex- 
penses of the building as well as 
operational costs. They would, of 
course, charge very low fees to pu- 
pils attending the new school just 
as in all mission-operated schools^ 
but help was needed from the citi- 
zens of Dille in making the building. 

So representatives of the mission 
went to Dille with a plan. This- 
plan was proposed in a meeting with 
the chief and village elders. Accord- 
ing to the plan the mission would 
furnish supervision of the building, 
carpenters and masons to do the 
skilled work, lumber for making raft- 
ers, doors, and furniture, and cement 
for the blackboards. The Dille peo- 
ple were to furnish all the labor- 
make the mud bricks, assist the ma- 
sons, bring sand and water, put dirt 
fill in to raise the floor level and. 
gather grass and thatch the large- 
roof. The village representatives 
agreed to this plan and began mak- 
ing the mud bricks. 

Masons were sent to build up' 
the walls and carpenters to erect 
the rafters. The next job— thatching: 


the roof— was in the hands of the 
villagers. But they had not even 
begun to gather the grass. Soon 
they came with word that the grass 
in the bush had all been burned near 
their village and there would be no 
way for them to thatch the build- 
ing with grass. 

But now they had a plan. They 
wanted an aluminum roof on their 
school. The thatched roof would 
Dnly bring them trouble in trying to 
Tiake it shed the heavy rains each 
successive year, they said. They 
:hought they could raise about $250 
"or a roof through local contributions. 
Could the mission raise up the bal- 
mce and give them a nice permanent 
iluminum roof? The balance would 
imount to about $100, and the mis- 
;ion agreed. So the aluminum roof 
vas put on the building. 

Before the roof was on tlie build- 
ng, school had begun. The two 
:eachers and fifty-four pupils met in 
m old mud building and under a 
a-ee. This continued through the 
jntire first term of school. The 
juilding was still unfinished. 

Pressure was brought to the vil- 
age people to complete their part of 
he building, and a few co-operated, 
rhen the rains began and everyone 
lad to go to hoe in their fields, 
rhere was still much work to do. 
oe Looker, a I-W builder in Lassa, 
md I went out to Dille to figure out 
ome way to push things along. 

Finally, when people did not show 
ip to help, we pulled off our shoes 
ind jumped in to mix up the mud 
or plaster with our tender bare feet 
,s we had many times seen them do 
vith their more calloused feet. We 
oiled up petrol dnmis filled with 
v'ater from the well and brought 
and from the dry stream bed. We 
illed the headpans with the soft 
Qud and carried them to the masons. 
Vork began to move along again. 
5ut I know two missionaries who 
/ere terribly tired and discouraged 
fter a few days of this heavy work 
1 the hot African sun with little 
nd sometimes no help from the 
)cal people. 

One day the chief came and no- 
iced the tender blisters on our 
ands. He said, "Why do you do 
lis? Your children wiU not use this 
Dhool. Why do you come here and 
rork hke this?" We told him that 
re had started a job together and 
lat they had left us. But we in- 
;nded to finish the job even though 
meant we did their work for 
lem. The chief pleaded with us, 
lying that they were much ashamed 

and embarrassed to have us do their 
part of the agreement. They were 
busy planting their farms then but 
just as soon as possible they would 
finish their job. 

So we left and tried to be patient 
as we waited for them to return to 
do their part. 

It was only yesterday that Joe 
Looker and I were in Dille putting 
finishing touches on the new school 
building. Both classes were meeting 
in their respective rooms and we re- 
turned to Lassa happy because 
Dille's school was finished at last. 

Waka Medical Work 

Veda Liskey, R. N. 

This is the last in the series of arti- 
cles concerning the work of the 
Waka Training School 

MEDICAL care for all Waka 
residents has been provided 
from its very beginning. 
This is a very necessary part of com- 
munity life. At first, when there were 
only a few people here, medications 
were given by one of the lay mis- 
sionary women. Later when Mary 
Dadisman, R. N., was principal she 
took care of all medical needs. 

It was not until the end of 1954 
that a full-time nurse was secured. 
A large intake of students— many 
with families— at the beginning of 
1955 made this necessary as well as 
necessitating a room for regular dis- 
pensary periods. Both this and a 
room for maternity cases were se- 
cured and furnished with makeshift 
equipment. Toward the end of 1955 
a two-room dispensary and three- 
room infirmary were completed and 
equipped with new furniture. Most 
of the medical suppHes and equip- 
ment were donated by women's 
groups of the Brethren Church. 

During the past two and one half 
years medical work has increased 
proportionately with incoming stu- 
dents and residents. At present there 
are more than 400 such persons here. 

Regular visits are made to Waka 
by a Garkida doctor. Those needing 
special treatment, diagnosis, or hos- 
pitalization are taken to the general 
hospital at Garkida. 

The medical aspect of our work 
here provides an excellent personal 
contact with all at one time or an- 
other. The restoration of health and 
its resulting happiness, as well as 
sharing with families the joy of wee 
ones (there have been about fifty) 
are most rewarding to the nurse in 

"We Thank God 
for All Things" 

Monroe and Ada Good 

SEVERAL months ago the peo- 
ple at Sura were preparing 
for a big celebration. They 
had just about completed erecting 
a large school building, the first big 
one in the community. Everyone 
had contributed something— carried 
water, mixed mud, gathered grass, 
laid bricks, etc. 

The roofing men were sitting 
about the fire talking happily about 
finishing their job the next day when 
they were suddenly startied by an 
almost deafening blast of wind. 
Running outside the compound they 
beheld a mass of mud, grass and 
twisted palm lumber. Their new 
building had lain directly in the 
path of a small tornado. Ironically 
enough, just a few feet away, stiU 
intact, stood their little old school 
building whose collapse the people 
had expected long ago. (In fact, 
whenever a strong wind blew, the 
teacher took the children outside.) 
just in case it would fall! ) 

Sadness reigned in the village 
that night and the following day. 
Now they would have to wait an- 
other year because the rainy season 
had begun. But the news spread 
fast. The Christians in many villages 
said, "We must help them." Within 
a week's time Monroe and a large 
group of men were at Sura rebuild- 
ing the school. The Bible school 
class at Garkida, after being excused 
from classes, spent one week there. 
Many came, two and three together, 
from villages as far as twenty miles 
away. Within three weeks the build- 
ing was again under roof. 

Erecting a building so quickly 
was in itself almost a miracle to 
them. But far more miraculous was 
the truly Christian spirit that was 
displayed. As one of tire Bible school 
men said in a service just before 
they went home, "Although we were 
sorry your building blew down, )'et 
we whose homes are far away are 
almost glad it did, for it gave us an 
opportunity to meet you, to work, 
fellowship, and worship with you. 
And so we thank God for all things." 
There were other efi^ects, too, out- 
side die Christian group. One of 
the Moslem men spent one evening 
until midnight trying to discover 
what it was that produced such "a 
witness of love as we have never 

FEBRUARY 1, 1958 


Timber From 
Terry Forks 




This book gives an 
authentic story of lum- 
bering and a good les- 
son in "stewardship of 
the soil." It is a realistic 
story of a boy growing 
up and shows a keen 
understanding of people 
and situations. Black 
and white illustrations 
in the book have caught 
the feeling of the New 
England countryside. 
Ages 9 up to adults. 




Elgin, Illinois 


Anderson, Charles K., the son of 
Henry and Mary Kinsey Anderson, was 
born Dec. 9, 1875, and died April 21, 
1957, in Gettysburg, Pa. He was the 
husband of Rebecca Trostle Anderson. 
He was a member of the Upper Cone- 
wago church. He is survived by his 
wife, three foster children, a half broth- 
er, a sister, and a half sister. Funeral 
services were conducted at the Lati- 
more meetinghouse near York Springs, 
Pa., by Brethren J. Monroe Danner and 
Donald E. Miller. Burial was in the 
adjoining cemetery.— Frances E. Shaffer, 
East Berlin, Pa. 

Armantrout, Gorden D., son of Abra- 
ham and Sarah Armantrout, was born 
Jan. 13, 1875, in Harrisonburg, Va., and 
died Nov. 27, 1957, in Lima, Ohio. He 
was a deacon and former music director 
of the Lima church. A memorial fund 



has been established for the Church of 
the Brethren Home in Fostoria, Ohio, in 
lieu of flowers. Surviving are his wife, 
Lucy, one son, two daughters, six grand- 
children, and four great-grandchildren. 
Funeral services were held in the Lima 
church by Bro. Dean Farringer and 
Elder C. O. Brubaker. Burial was in 
the Memorial Park cemetery.— Mrs. 
Clark Anspach, Lafayette, Ohio. 

Bailey, Robert, son of Paul and Cora 
Bertness Bailey, was born Nov. 12, 
1915, and died Nov. 2, 1957. He was 
a deacon in the First Church of the 
Brethren, Ashland, Ohio. Surviving are 
his wife, Lelia, two daughters, his fa- 
ther, and one brother. Funeral services 
were held in the Gilbert funeral home 
by Bro. George Sheets. Burial was in 
Ashland cemetery.— Mrs. Robert Carter, 
Ashland, Ohio. 

Baker, Everet, son of Frank and Jen- 
ny Baer Baker, was born Sept. 25, 1894, 
near Urbana, Ind., and died Nov. 7, 
1957. He was married to Beulah Clark 
on Dec. 23, 1915. Surviving are his 
wife, a daughter, and six grandchildren. 
Funeral services were held at the West 
Manchester church by Bro. Lewis Dear- 
dorff and the undersigned. Burial was 
in the adjoining cemetery.— T. G. Weav- 
er, Marion, Ind. 

Beahm, Joseph Charles, son of Henry 
A. and Ann Showalter Beahm, was born 
near Cross Keys, Va., on Dec. 20, 1864, 
and died Nov. 3, 1957. He was married 
to Emma Shockley, who died in 1937. 
On Dec. 16, 1939, he was married to 
Anabel Bowser. He was a graduate of 
Bridgewater College. He was ordained 
to the ministry in 1891. He also was 
a teacher for forty years in Virginia, 
Maryland and Pennsylvania schools. 
Surviving are his wife, five daughters, 
four sons, twenty-eight grandchildren, 
and twenty-two great-grandchildren. 
Funeral services were held by Bro. M. 
Guy West. Burial was in Shank's 
church cemetery, Greencastle, Pa.— 
Mary A. Lehman, York, Pa. 

Berkey, Anna Belle, daughter of 
Daniel and Amelia Lehman Foust, was 
born Jan. 4, 1875, and died Nov. 4, 
1957, in Scalp Level, Pa. She was a 
member of the Berkey church. Surviv- 
ing are one son, three brothers, three 
grandchildren, and four great-grand- 
children. Memorial services were held 
by Bro. Merrill S. Heinz at the Meek 
funeral home, Windber, Pa. Intennent 
was in the Berkey cemetery.— Mrs. 
Robert L. Berkebile, Windber, Pa. 

Berry, Kenneth Frederick, son of Mr. 
and Mrs. Roy L. Berry, died at Logan- 
ton, Pa., at the age of eighteen years. 
He was a faithful member of the Sugar 
Valley church. Surviving are his par- 
ents, two brothers, and two sisters. 
Funeral services were held at the East- 
ville church by Brethren John C. Boone, 
Gerald Walizer, and Dana Z. Eckert. 
Interment was in the Cedar Hill ceme- 
tery.— Ernest H. Geisewite, Loganton, 

Boyd, Mary Elizabeth, the daughter 

of William and Elizabeth Grow, was 
born Oct. 9, 1882, at Bradford, Ohio, 
and died Oct. 20, 1957. She was mar- 
ried to Leonard Boyd and soon after 
became a member of the Oakland 
church, of which she remained a mem- 
ber until her death. Her husband pre- 
ceded her in death in 1940. She is 
survived by one brother and two sisters. 
Funeral services were conducted in the 
Oakland church by the undersigned. 
Burial was in the Harris Creek ceme- 
tery.— J. Earl Hostetter, Gettysburg, 

Eigenbrode, Elsie Anna, daughter of 
William H. and Mary Roop Dotterer, 
died Dec. 2, 1957, at the age of seventy- 
four years. She was married to Cam- 
eron H. Eigenbrode. Surviving are her 
husband, a foster son, one grandson, 
one sister, and two brothers. Funeral 
services were held by Elder S. R. Wey- 
bright at the Monocacy church, of 
which she was a member. Burial was 
in the church cemetery.— Mrs. Denda 
I. Renner, New Midway, Md. 

Haines, Samuel David, son of Samuel 
and Ellen Whitmore Haines, was bom 
May 9, 1882, and died Oct. 14, 1957. 
He was a member of the Westminster 
church, Md. Surviving are his wife, 
Lucinda, two daughters, and one grand- 
daughter. Funeral services were held 
at the Bankard funeral home by Bro. 
Glenn C. Zug. Interment was in the 
Meadow Branch cemetery.— Rebecca 
Ann Petry, Westminster, Md. 

Heggenstaller, Melissa Elaine, daugh- 
ter of Joseph and Doris Heggenstaller, 
was bom Nov. 17, 1955, and died Oct. 
29, 1957. The parents are faithful mem- 
bers of the Sugar Valley chvurch. Sur- 
viving are her parents, one brother, and 
four grandparents. Private funeral serv- 
ices were held at the Morris funeral 
home by Bro. Dana Z. Eckert. Inter- 
ment was in Eastville cemetery.— Ernest 
H. Geisewite, Loganton, Pa. 

HoUinger, Clarence E., son of Samuel 
and Alice Sanders HoUinger, was born 
Dec. 16, 1882, and died Nov. 19, 1957. 
Surviving are one daughter, two broth- 
ers, and one sister. Funeral services 
were held at the Minnich fimeral home 
by Bro. George L. Detweiler. Burial 
was in Brown's Mill cemetery.— Miss 
Lilhan R. Good, Waynesboro, Pa. 

Horner, Nina B., daughter of Harvey 
H. and Nora Will Kimmel, was bom 
Jan. 7, 1889, and died Nov. 27, 1957. 
She was a faithful member of the Mount 
Joy church. Surviving are her husband. 
Brooks, and a daughter. Funeral serv- 
ices were held at the Mount Joy church 
by the undersigned. Interment was in 
the church cemetery.— John M. Geary, 
Mount Pleasant, Pa. 

Kagarise, William R., son of Charles 
E. and Louisa Reasy Kagarise, was 
born in New Enterprise, Pa., and died 
Nov. 30, 1957, at the age of seventy- 
five years. He was a member of the 
Rocky Ridge church, Md. On Oct. 8, 

903, he was married to Hannah ShifFer. 
lurviving are his wife, two daughters, 
eventeen grandchildren, and twenty- 
ine great-grandchildren. Funeral serv- 
:es were held at the K. R. Miller 
uneral home, Martinsburg, Pa. Burial 
/as in Diehl's Cross Roads cemetery.— 
/Its. Denda I. Renner, New Midway, 

Stemen, Sylan, was born Oct. 23, 
875, and died Oct. 11, 1957, in James- 
own, N. Dak. On Jan. 23, 1901, he 
vas married to Peree DeLong. He en- 
ered the ministry in 1917. He served 
he Carrington church from 1933 to 
947. He served on the ministerial 
loard of the North Dakota and Eastern 
/lontana District. Mrs. Stemen died on 
'eb. 12, 1938, and on Dec. 29, 1943, 
le was married to Eliza Glessner, who 
ied in 1949. Surviving are five chil- 
ren, twenty grandchildren, ten great- 
randchildren, two sisters, and two 
tep-daughters. Funeral services were 
eld at the Willow Grove Methodist 
hurch. Burial was in the Edgely ceme- 
sry.— Lois Hjelseth, Carrington, N. D. 

Stuckey, David F., son of Tobias and 
]llen Myers Stuckey, was born in Stark 
bounty, Ohio, Oct. 9, 1878, and died 
)ct. 28, 1957. He was a long-time 
lember of the Freeburg church. In 
909, he was called to the ministry and 
rdained to eldership in 1912. He 
erved the Freeburg church for thirty- 
ve years as pastor besides teaching 
ublic school twenty-four years. After 
,e retired from the active pastoral work, 
e was still active in the church. He 
.^as a member of several boards of the 
istrict, serving on the mission board 
3r nineteen years. He and his wife, 
^iola, celebrated their fifty-fourth wed- 
ing anniversary on April 19, 1957. 
le is survived by his wife, three sons, 
Dur daughters, nineteen grandchildren, 
nd twenty-three great-grandchildren, 
'uneral service was held in the Free- 
urg church by Bro. A. H. Miller assist- 
d by the pastor and the undersigned, 
iurial was in the Fairmont Memorial 
emetery near Alliance, Ohio.— John W. 
Dhnson, Paris, Ohio. 

Thomas, Emma Lucinda, daughter of 
)avid H. and Mary Myers Bair, was 
orn June 6, 1887, at Littlestown, Pa., 
nd died Oct. 2, 1957, in AUiance, Ohio, 
he was married to John W. Thomas, 
he united with the Church of the 
brethren early in life, remaining faithful 
) the end. Surviving are her husband, 
iree grandchildren, one brother, and 
iree sisters. Funeral services were 
eld at the Myers funeral home by the 
ndersigned. Her body was taken to 
ranklin Grove, 111., for burial in tlie 
imily burying ground. Brief services 
'ere held there by Bro. R. C. Wenger. 
■J. D. Zigler, Alliance, Ohio. 

Wood, Thelma, daughter of Edward 
nd Lydia Thomas, was born May 31, 
902, and died Oct. 11, 1957. On Jan. 
, 1925, she was united in marriage 
'ith James L. Wood. In addition to 
er husband, she is survived by one 

Make the 


servants of God 

The Group Workshop 
Way in the Church 

Do you want to 

• get more people to work more effectively in your church? 

• get more people to understand their individual roles in the church? 

• develop stronger leadership in your church? 

This book's nontechnical explanations show you how to use these per- 
sonality sciences— 

• social psychology 

• group dynamics 

• cultural anthropology 

• the science of administration 

—to involve more laymen in church activities that promote their own 
spiritual growth as well as the total mission of your church. 

Dr. Douglass says, "The workshop church is one way of over- 
coming 'routine' Christianity. It places the accent on outlook and up- 
reach of the human being as he learns by doing in the company of 
others. $4.00 




the Growing [dge 


Here, in an appealing different format, is the first collection 
of the sermons and talks of an extraordinary speaker and writer, 
named by Life as one of the "Ten Great Preachers of America." 

Howard Thurman's preaching is the climactic act of the 
worship service. In The Growing Edge this unique quality is 
preserved by introducing each address with its "setting," the 
prayer-meditation, the paragraph of prose or few lines of poetry 
that gave an emotional undergirding at the time of its actual 
delivery. This pattern retains the immediacy of his preaching 
to an unusual degree. 

The 24 chapters fall into six principal groups: on tlie attri- 
butes of the love of God, on loving one's enemy, on prayer, on 
peace, on the Christian character, "spot" sermons for special 
festivals. $3.00 


Elgin, Illinois 

daughter, one grandson, three brothers 
and one sister. She was a member of 
the Fruitland church, Idaho. Services 
were held at Park View cemetery in 
New Plymouth, Idaho, by the under- 
signed.— Stanley Sutphin, Fruitland, 

Wray, David Harve, was born near 

Rocky Mount, Va., March 24, 1880, and 
died Nov. 16, 1957, in Roanoke, Va. 
He was a member of the Washington 
Heights Grace Brethren chinrch. Sur- 
viving are his wife, Eliza, two sons, four 

FEBRUARY 1. 1958 




This book has prayers pertinent 
to the home and family, school, 
church, our country and its leaders, 
the world and all mankind. Special 
prayers are offered for the day and 
hohdays, mealtime graces, for times 
when tilings go wrong and for the 
awareness of womanhood and a 
better person. Recommended for 
girls 10-16 years of age. 







Young men between the ages of 
12 and 16 should have a copy of 
this book. There are prayers for 
school, work, chiirch, our country 
and world, science and nature, times 
of trouble, and many personal 

Srayers. May be used as a daily 
evotional. Each book, $1.50 


Elgin, Illinois 

daughters, twelve grandchildren, and 
one brother. Funeral services were held 
in the Brick church near Wirtz, Va., by 
Rev. Vernon Harris and Bro. Frank B. 
Layman. Interment was in the Angle 
cemetery.— Mrs. Levi T. Angle, Wirtz, 

Younkin, Susan Swick, died at Som- 
-erset, Pa., Sept. 17, 1957, at the age of 
-eighty-four years. She was married to 
Daniel Younkin, who preceded her in 
^Jeath. Funeral services were held by 
Walter F. Berkebile at the Mills and 
Mickey funeral home in Rockwood, Pa. 
—Mrs. Walter F. Berkebile, Rockwood, 

Zimmerman, Mae, daughter of Mr. 
and Mrs. Robert Lipscomb, was bom in 

Brethren Placement and 
Relocation Service . . 

This column is conducted as a free 
service in the interests of placement 
and relocation. It does not provide for 
the advertising of goods or property 
for sale or rent. Information on rates 
for paid advertising may be obtained 
from the Brethren PubUshing House. 

The right to edit and reject notices 
is reserved. Since no verification of 
notices is made no responsibility can 
be assumed. 

When writing to the Brethren Place- 
ment Service about a notice, it is neces- 
sary that the number of the notice be 
given. Write Brethren Placement Serv- 
ice: 22 S. State St., Elgin, 111. 

OlRce Work 

No. 327. Skilled office worker, high 
school graduate with additional night 
courses in bookkeeping and foreign 
languages. Accurate with figures, ex- 
perienced in operation of IBM type- 
writer, adding and calculating machine. 
Wants permanent position, preferably 
as assistant bookkeeper or invoicing 
clerk in Washington, D. C, or vicinity. 
Contact: Mr. G. DeWinter, 1341 Sara- 
toga Ave., N. E., Apt. 483 D, Washing- 
ton 18, D. C. 

Nursing and Medical Work 

No. 328. Nurses urgently needed for 
immediate employment at the Brethren 
Service Hospital, Castaiier, Puerto Rico. 
Two-year or three-year term of service. 
Also openings within six months or a 
year. Write to: Brethren Service com- 
mission, General Brotherhood Board, 
22 S. State St., Elgin, 111. 

No. 329 Doctors virgently needed 
for the Brethren Service hospital at 

Castafier, Puerto Rico. Opportunity taijj 
render Christian service in community; 
and church. Two-year or three-year i 
terms of service or consideration of!i 
permanent location. Spring, 1958. ' 
Write to: Brethren Service Commission, 
General Brotherhood Board, 22 S. State 
St., Elgin, 111. 

No. 330. Doctor: Young medical! | 
doctor wanted to take over the ofiBcei 
of a Brethren physician. Eye specialist ■ 
preferred; general practitioner accept- 
able. Strong Bretliren church in tiie 
community. Position open for immedi- 
ate placement. Contact: Mrs. S. S. . 
Conner, 147 West King Street, Waynes- i 
boro, Pennsylvania. 

Farm Work 

No. 325. Wanted: A 36-year-old,: 
unmarried man witli 12 years of farm- 
experience, desires work on a farm or 
in a farming community. Has his own: 
car. Can operate most tractors and ma- 
chinery. Direct queries to Lawrence 
E. Cook, R. 3, Albia, Iowa. 

No. 326. Wanted: Young married: 
couple to work on dairy and grain 
farm. Modern home and modern ma- 
chinery. One mile from very active 
Church of the Brethren. On school' 
bus route to consolidated school in 
town of 1,100. Excellent opportunity ■•■ 
for an industrious young couple. Con- 
tact: Robert Reiff, Secretary-Treasurer,; 
Placement Committee Service, Church r 
of the Brethren, Milledgeville, 111. 

No. 331. Jobs for dairy and general; 
farming in the Elkton, Md., area. Good 
salary, house furnished, and other con- 
siderations. Write, giving information 
about yourself, to the Immanuel 
Church of the Brethren Placement 
Commitee, Clyde Nafzinger, Chairman, 
Chesapeake City, Md. 



Rome, Ga., July 3, 1933, and died in 
Decatur, Ind., Oct. 21, 1957. She was 
married to Greg Zimmerman in 1952. 
She was a member of the Pleasant Dale 
church. Survivors are her husband, one 
daughter, one son, her father, three 
brothers, and three sisters. Fimeral 
services were conducted at the Pleasant 
Dale church by Bro. John Mishler. Bur- 
ial was in the Pleasant Dale cemetery.— 
Mrs. Louise Miller, Decatur, Ind. 

Church News 

Middle Indiana 

Roann— Our church co-operated with 
the other churches of Roann in a vaca- 
tion Bible school. At ovu- fall council 
held in September we elected new of- 
ficers and teachers. Our young people 
went to the Dunes state park, and also 
to our mission in Flat Creek. The 
teacher and the minister accompanied 
them. Bro. H. H. Hendricks held a 

week of meetings; our communion was 
on the Monday night following. Three 
new members have been added to the, 
church. Three of our laymen filled the 
pulpit on different Simdays, while our 
minister and his wife were at Confer- 
ence and on their vacation. The ladies' 
aid makes comforters for relief. Bro. 
Blair Helman was the guest speaker; 
at our home-coming on Nov. 10.— Edith 
Hoppes, Wabash, Ind. 

Northern Indiana 

English Prairie— Bro. Daniel Flory of 
Middlesbury held a one-week revival^ 
Sept. 22-27, with the communion serv- 
ice on Saturday evening. Bro. Calvin 
Bright, returned missionary to China, 
was the guest speaker at our annual 
harvest meeting on Oct. 26. Oin: wom- 
en's work is doing rehef sewing, making 
comforters, and wrapping cloths foi 
bandages. The children s Christmas 
program was given on Dec. 22.— Mrs 
Lydia R. Walters, Howe, Ind. 

La Porte— Our daily vacation Bible 

chool was held on Aug. 19-30. Three 
lersons have been baptized and two 
eceived by letter. Several ladies at- 
ended the women's work ofiBcers' coun- 
il at the West Goshen church on Sept. 
2. On the evening of Sept. 15, Broth- 
r and Sister I. D. Leatherman enter- 
lined the adult famihes of the chiurch 
nth pictures of some of the churches 
1 which they had held evangehstic 
jrvices. On Sept. 22 Brother and Sis- 
;r Leatherman entertained the young 
dults and their families with a program 
f worsliip and games. Brother Leather- 
lan held a week's evangelistic meeting 
t the Pine Creek church, Oct. 6-12. 
^e are now having Sunday evening 
jrvices at the church. Bro. Charles 
,ight was the moderator at our church 
Dimcil on Nov. 13.— Agnes Merchant, 
,a Porte, Ind. 

North Webster— Rachel Morehead 
nd Ruth Rothenberger were our dele- 
ates to the district meeting at Camp 
lack in August. Bro. Clayton Mock 
ime to serve as our pastor on Sept. 
, The interest is good and we are 
iticipating good years ahead for the 
lurch. Our fall communion was held 
I October. E. B. Jones and his wife 
ere with us on this occasion, because 
F the illness of our pastor. Brother 
^ertzler of Goshen spoke to us one 
/ening in October, concerning his in- 
itation from Albert Schweitzer. He 
;so brought the harvest day address a 
>w weeks later. In September we 
ere represented at the women's camp, 
: the West Goshen teacher's training 
)nference, and at the children's teach- 
•s' training conference at Bremen, 
rother Rieff of South Whitley spoke 
> us recently about his trip to Puerto 
ico, when he accompanied the plane 
lipment of hogs. Bro. Mark Schrock 
lowed pictures of Russia and gave an 
iteresting lecture on Nov. 17.— Rachel 
[orehead, Leesburg, Ind. 

North Winona— Since our last report 
pur have been received by letter. Dur- 
ig the months of July and August 
ime of our young people and children 
tended Camp Mack. During the sum- 
er months some of our evening mes- 
Lges were brought to us by the means 
: visual education. Bro. Mark Schrock, 
le district fieldman, was our guest 
)eaker on Sept. 22, at our home-com- 
ig service. His message was a report 
■ his findings on his trip to Russia. 
1 the afternoon a ladies' trio from the 
leasant View church brought for us a 
essage of sacred music. On Sept. 15, 
le adult Bible class gave a program at 
le Mexico Welfare Home. During the 
onth of October, the evening services 
ive special emphasis to the teaching 
• adult, primary, and beginners' class- 
;. Bro. Glenn Whitehead of North 
'ebster, and Margaret Book and Helen 
[ichael of North Manchester assisted 
ith the classes. Bro. Titus Schrock of 
ort Wayne delivered the morning mes- 
ge on Nov. 3, in the interest of the 
ork the Gideons are doing. Some of 
ir members attended regional confer- 

^\^^'' 101 things for youth to do ^^Gd 

^ in each of the following hooks ^ 

101 Best Action Games for Boys 

Lillian and Godfrey Frankel 

While strongly flavored for the taste of boys from 6 to 12 years, this 
book would be equally valuable for girls of the same age. All are games 
that can be organized quickly requiring little or no equipment. Mom or 
dad would find this book handy for boys around the house who want 
things to do. 

101 Best Games for Girls 

Lillian and Godfrey Frankel 

These 101 games will provide 1001 hours of fun for 6 to 12 year olds. 
Included are jumping and skipping games, running games, as well as 
quiet games. If you are interested in planning a party of just plain fun 
you will find this book a ready resource. 

101 Best Games for Teen-Agers 

Lillian and Godfrey Frankel 

These simple but clever little games are ones that appeal to young 
people. The popularity of the book is proven by seven printings since it 
was first published in 1951. This book is recommended for leaders of 
youth and all recreationalists. It ought to be found in church libraries as 
a quick and ready reference. 

101 Best Stunts and Novelty Games 

Peggy and Robert Masters 

This book is exactly what the title suggests with the spotlight focused 
on home entertainment or groups up to 20 persons. Included are icebreakers 
for parties, stunts for one individual or groups, dramatic games, puzzles, 
brain teasers, simple ventriloquism, juggling, mind reading, egg stunts, and 
some modern version or twist to an old idea. 

101 Funny Things to Make and Do 

Paul Castle 

In this amusing collection, children (even grownups) are sure to find 
all kinds of appealing things to make and do. Mobiles, paper dolls that 
fly through the air, drawing games, riddles, enticing puzzles are some 
of the ideas given with complete directions to make and do. Recommended 
for juniors on their rainy days and for teachers and leaders of children 
who need creative ideas for their work. 

Each book $2.00 


ence at Manchester College. Our 
aid is making toys and preparing a box 
of relief clothing, also completing baby 
layettes for the Navaho Indians in New 
Mexico. Our interest and attendance 
have been very commendable through 
the summer and autumn months.— Mrs. 
RusseU Hanawalt, Pierceton, Ind. 

Wawaka— A Gideon brought us a 
message and an offering was taken for 
their worthy work. Bro. Mark Schrock 
gave an illustrated lecture on his trip 
to Russia. Our new family has arrived 
from overseas, and plans have been 
made for their care and comfort. Glerm 
Mulligan from the Cedar Creek church 
was the speaker at the father and son 
banquet on June 14. The aid society 
met at the church on July 25 to make 
bandages for hospital use. A number 
of our women attended the women's 

rally at Camp Mack. Our harvest meet- 
ing on Sept. 22 was addressed by A. 
Blair Helman, president of Manchester 
College. On Oct. 6, we observed World 
Wide Communion Sunday. Our attend- 
ance at church has been good.— Mrs. 
Mary Mishler, Topeka, Ind. 

West Goshen— Our council meeting; 
was held on Oct. 21. Men's work 
shared in sending Iambs to Ecuador. 
The women are making bandages for 
Nigeria and cancer pads for the hos- 
pitals at home. Bro. T. Wayne Rie- 
man of North Manchester was the 
speaker at the harvest meeting on Oct. 
25. On Sept. 4, Mrs. John Metzler, 
who had just returned from Europe,, 
was the speaker at the women's work 
meeting to which the women of the- 

FEBRUARY 1. 1958 




R. D. or St. 

P. O Zone State 

Help us to keep your Gospel Messenger coming by reporting any change in 
address promptly. Please do not remove old address. 

city church were invited. On Sept. 14- 
15, the Northern Indiana CBYF fall 
conference was held at our church. On 
Sept. 17, Spencer Gentel spoke at the 
fatfier and son fellowship supper. On 
Oct. 2 Bro. H. A. Hosier gave a talk on 
the evil of alcohol at the women's work 
meeting at which the men were guests. 
Communion was on Oct. 6. On Sept. 
29 was the installation service for the 
church officers.— Mrs. Elizabeth Miller, 
Goshen, Ind. 

Woodland— We had a series of meet- 
ings by Olden D. Mitchell of Detroit, 
Nov. 3-10. One was added to the 
church. The church entertained the 
Bible institute, Oct. 25-27. Members of 
the Lansing, Battle Creek, Hope, and 
Sunfield churches attended also. The 
speakers were Brethren Rommie Moore 
and Mark Schrock. Our vacation Bible 
school offerings went for a sheep for 
Ecuador. The missionary society has 
made forty comforters and thirty-six 
new garments, filled packages with new 
material, thread, needles, and patterns, 
besides gathering together many boxes 
of used garments. We used the money 
collected from our "blessing boxes" to 
buy a heifer for relief. Bro. Martin 
Krieger is serving as our pastor. At a 
recent council meeting we decided to 
elect three new deacons. Bro. Martin 
Krieger was chosen elder. We are 
sponsoring a German family of three. 
The church has put a new sign at the 
corner one quarter mile west of the 
church. The Ralph Townsend family 
has gone to Puerto Rico to direct the 
work at Castaiier.— Fannie Gearhart, 
Woodland, Mich. 

Northeastern Ohio 

Alliance— Our pastor, Bro. J. D. 
Zigler, retired from active pastoral 
work on Sept. 30, after fifty years in 



the ministry. Our chiu'ch gave Brother 
and Sister Zigler a farewell party and 
presented them with a money tree. 
Richard Overly of Mt. Pleasant, Pa., 
began his ministry on Oct. 1, and he 
and his wife were installed on Nov. 3, 
by Brethren Henry Krommes and Ralph 
Martin, members of the district ministe- 
rial board. Since our last report one 
was baptized and six were received by 
letter. We have received and dedicated 
some very substantial gifts. Mrs. Kan- 
nal presented a new pulpit and chair 
and fifty dollars as a memorial to her 
late husband. Mr. and Mrs. Fred 
Besse presented a lighted picture of 
Christ in the Garden in honor of her 
parents, Bro. and Sister J. W. Fyock. 
They also gave two candelabra. Little 
chairs were presented to the children's 
department by Brother and Sister Ar- 
thur Teeter. Several bulletin boards 
were presented for use in the various 
classrooms and a set of vases was given 
by Mrs. Leo Stuckey. Our young peo- 
ple donated the paint and did most of 
the work of redecorating the basement 
besides giving two brass collection 
plates to the church. The ladies' aid 
gave $150 to various phases of church 
work. A number of our women at- 
tended the district women's rally held 
at Camp Zion in July. Several children 
and youth attended the various church 
camps also held at Camp Zion. Mary 
Antram and Winifred Trupp represent- 
ed us at district meeting. At our fall 
council, Sunday-school and church of- 
ficers were elected. Ralph Martin is 
our moderator. We held our love feast 
on World Communion Sunday with 
Brother Overly in charge. He also took 
communion to several shut-ins. We are 
looking forward to an increasing inter- 
est and growth during the coming 
year.— Jennie M. Messer, Alliance, Ohio. 

Southern Ohio 

Castine— Since our last report six 
have been received into church mem- 
bership. A one-week revival was held 



J WRITE FOR free catalog 



DEPT. 211 SCR ANTO N 2, PA. 

Says Brethren 
Life & Thought: 
"Sweeps away 
outlines the 
plight and prom- 
ise of Christian- 
ity today. How 
churches round 
the world are 
describing and 
per forming 
their tasks." 
$2.50 at book- 

291 B'way N.Y.C. 7 


"No!" says 

in The New 
Ordeal of 

Classified Advertising ( 

WANTED — Married couple for j 
assistant superintendent in Breth- : 
ren Home for the aged in Eastern I 
Pennsylvania. Good working con- I 
ditions and vacation with pay. j 
Write: Jacob H. Ruhl, Secretary, , 
Manheim, Pa. 

in August by Bro. Wilmer Crummett. ' 
Our attendance shows an increase over 
last year. Our young people went as a < 
group to Dayton to hear Bro. Bob - 
Richards speak; they also visited sev- - 
eral other church services. They took ■ 
care of the church lawns as a special ' 
project. Plans are being made to build ! 
a parsonage on a plot of ground near 
the church given by one of our church ■ 
famihes. We expect to begin a full- 
time pastoral program by Sept. 1, 1958. 
We had an emphasis on stewardship 
followed by an every-member visita- 
tion. Results were very good. The 
church plans to participate in the pro- 
gram of sending a relief heifer from 
every church this year in celebration 
of our anniversary. A large amount of 
clothing and Christmas gifts for the ; 
children were recently sent to Flat 
Creek, Ky. Labor and materials were ; 
donated in the remodeling of our 
church kitchen. Glen Rife and Leon 
Bright, who were delegates to district 
meeting, gave a report of the meeting. 
—Mrs. Ada Rogers, Arcanum, Ohio. 




FEBRUARY 8, 1958 





H. Armstrong Roberts 

nation does well to honor its 
heroes. Even when their images are 
cast in bronze and they stand erect 
on monuments of stone, we do not 
forget their feet of clay, for heroes 
too are human. They make their share of mistakes, and they 
have blundered their way into greatness. But every genera- 
tion must claim its heroes, good or bad; fortunate is the nation 
that can look up to its past leaders with sincere respect. We 
still need heroes— men of conscience and conviction, men of 
piety and principle, men of loyalty and laughter, men of 
righteousness and restraint. They can inspire us also to live for 
causes greater than ourselves, even to die in order that man- 
kind should have a new birth of freedom and realize the 
brotherhood we seek. 

This too is a time for greatness. Where are the heroic 
spirits who can live above party labels and sectional interests? 
Where are the leaders who will demonstrate that we can live 
"with malice toward none; with charity for all; with firmness in 
the right, as God gives us to see the right?" 

Gospel Messenger READERS WRITE . . . to the editoi 

''Thy Kingdom Come'' 


ELIZABETH WEIGLE - Editorial Assistant 

The Gospel Messenger welcomes letters commenting on editorials, articles and 
news. Letters should be brief and brotherly. 

gan of the Church of the Brethren. 
Pubhshed weekly by the General Broth- 
erhood Board, Norman J. Baugher, Gen- 
eral Secretary, 22 S. State St., Elgin, 111., 
at $3.50 per annum in advance. Life 
subscription, $50, husband and wife, $60. 
Entered at the post office at Elgin, 111., 
as second-class matter. Acceptance for 
mailing at special rate of postage pro- 
vided for in section 1103, Act of October 
3, 1917, authorized Aug. 20, 1918. 
Printed in U.S.A. 

MEMBER: The Associated Church Press 

SUBSCRIBER: Religious News Service, 

Ecumenical Press Service, World Around 


Volume 107 

Number 6 

FEBRUARY 8, 1958 

In This Number . . . 

Editorial — 

A Time for Greatness I 

A Voice From the South 5 

With One Finger 5 

The General Forum — 

Out of the Long Night. 

Martin Luther King, Jr 3 

Christ, the Church, and Race. 

Liston Pope 6 

The FamOy Counselor 9 

Anniversary Launched at German- 
town 10 

Who Is My Neighbor? 

Mrs. James D. Wyker 12 

General Chairman of Anniversary 
Call 15 

Sermon Without Words (verse). 

Mildred Allen Jeff ery 15 

FamUy Fun Fare 19 

Reviews of Recent Books 26 

News — 

Kingdom Gleanings 16 

News and Comment From Around the 

World 18 

Church News 29 

Toward His Kingdom — 

A School of Race Relations. 

Ralph E. Smeltzer 20 

National Council Assembly Speaks 
on Race Relations 21 

Church School Program of Home Co- 
operation. C. Ernest Davis 22 

Other Services to Shut-ins 23 

The Last Day of School. 

Mary K. Hurley 24 

Nigerian Church Shows Growth. 

Charles M. Bieber 25 


"Meditations on Brethren Life" 

Last week I received a package 
of "Meditations on Bretlii-en Life," 
one for each family in the two 
churches of which I am pastor. I 
opened it and took out one copy 
for myself, writing my name near 
the top of the front cover; then I 
glanced through the book, and 
marked a number of places for 
future reading and references. 

Today, although busy with many 
other duties, I have taken time to 
read the entire book; and as is 
my custom, with ballpoint pen in 
hand, I was so much impressed 
with every one of the 103 pages, 
I underlined sentences, lines, and 
phrases on every one of the pages. 

I have used "The Upper Room" 
for a number of years, and other 
devotional booklets, but have never 
had anything to grip me like "Medi- 
tations on Brethren Life" by DeWitt 
and Mary Miller.— W. J. Hamilton, 
Lonaconing, Md. 

No Literature Can Equal It 

I believe the plan of our Anni- 
versary Committee to ask the entire 
membership of our church to spend 
time in Bible study, prayer, and 
penitence is a good plan. 

I read the editorial, "In a Spirit 
of Penitence," through twice. Al- 
so the article by Inez Long, "Can 
Brethren Repent?" called for a sec- 
ond reading. 

I have resolved to read the Bible 
through once again, between Oct. 
1 and April 1. This time I am 
reading the introduction to each 
book in my commentary before 
starting to read the book itself. I 
think I will be able to understand 
the message of each book better. 
I am also using several different 
translations for different books. I 
am also reading a book from the 
Old Testament and then one from 
the New Testament. I call Genesis 
my book of beginnings; Exodus, 
traveling to a new land; Matthew 
is my kingdom of heaven book, 
because in my copy of Weymouth's 
translation kingdom of heaven is 
mentioned thirty-three times if I 
counted correctly. I call Mark my 
book of teaching and healing. Mark 
seems to emphasize the teaching 
and preaching of Jesus first and 
healing second. . . . 

Today we have so many opportu-1 
nities to see and to hear and to| 
read so many worthwhile messagesi 
on TV, the radio, in books and| 
magazines that it is a great tempta- 
tion to push Bible reading aside! 
for what we feel is a more interest- 
ing way of obtaining God's message I 
to us. 

However, no literature will ever! 
equal the Book of books if we read I 
it with a prayerful mind and hum- 1 
ble heart.— Mrs. Clarence R. Gripe,! 
Goshen, Ind. 

Brilliant and Realistic 

The panel discussion on "The 
Church of the Brethren and the] 
Community" in the Gospel Messen- 
ger for Nov. 16 was an excellent 
discussion of a very challenging 
mission of the church. Many of the 
discussions were brilliant and 

Thanks to you for printing it and 
to the men who not only gave us 
their meditations but who are actual- 
ly doing a very fine service in their 
respective pastorates.— Guy N. Hart- 
man, Meyersdale, Pa. 

Do More Lifting 

I was inspired and thrilled as I 
read in the Dec. 7 issue of the 
Messenger, "Supporting Our Her- 
itage," by Charles Dumond. The 
beautiful way he described the doc- 
trines, beliefs, and practices of our 
church, without casting a single slvu: 
on any other denomination, sect, 
our older brethren, or even the 
Bible, makes me want to remain a 
Brethren, and continue to be a part 
of our beloved church. It is soul 
stirring and heart-warming. 

Local leaders tell us to keep otir 
thinking and speaking positive, but 
too much of our reading material 
is in the negative. Surely our 
Christ, our church, our Christian 
experience is great and beautiful 
enough that we have plenty to write 
about without casting reflection 
against tliose who may be grovvdng 
faster than we, or using different 

Christ said "If I be lifted up I 
will draw all men unto me." Let's 
do more "lifting," and we'll grow 
faster than if we try to tear down 
those of our neighbors who prob- 
ably are "lifting" more than we.— 
Hazel Wine, NapervUle, 111. 

Out of the 
Long Night 

Martin Luther King, Jr. 

IN AMERICAN life there is today a real crisis 
in race relations. This crisis has been precipi- 
tated, on the one hand, by the determined 
resistance of reactionary elements in the South to 
the Supreme Court's momentous decision against 
segregation in the public schools. Many states 
have risen in open defiance. Legislative halls of 
the South ring loud with such words as interposi- 
tion and mdUfication. The Ku Klux Klan is on the 
march again, determined to preserve segregation 
at any cost. Then there are the White Citizens 
Councils. All of these forces have conjoined to 




make for massi^'e resistance. 

The crisis has been precipi- 
tated, on the other hand, by 
the radical change in the Ne- 
gro's e\ahiation of himself. 
There would probabh' be no 
crisis in race relations if the 
Negi'O continued to think of 
himself in inferior temis and 
patiently accepted injustice and 
exploitation. But it is at this 
Aery point that the change has 
come. For many years the Ne- 
gro tacitly accepted segrega- 
tion. He was the victim of 
stagnant passivity and deaden- 
ing complacency. The system 
of slavery and segregation 
caused many Negroes to feel 
that perhaps they were inferior. 
This is the ultimate tragedy of 
segregation. It not only harms 
one physically, but it injures 
one spiritually. It scars the 
soul and distorts the personal- 
ity. It inflicts the segregator 
with a false sense of superiority 
while inflicting the segregated 
with a false sense of inferiority. 

But through the forces of his- 
tory something happened to the 
Negro. He came to feel that 
he was somebody. He came to 
feel that the important thing 
about a man is not the color of 
his skin or the texture of his 
hair, but the texture and quality 
of his soul. With this new 
sense of dignity and new self- 
respect a new Negro emerged. 
So there has been a revolution- 
ary change in the Negro's evalu- 
ation of his nature and destiny, 
and a determination to achieve 
freedom and human dignity. 

This determination springs 
from the same deep longing for 
freedom that motivates op- 
pressed people all over the 
world. The deep rumblings of 
discontent from Asia and Africa 
are at bottom a quest for free- 
dom and human dignity on the 
part of people who have long 
been the victims of colonialism 


and imperialism. The struggle 
for freedom on the part of op- 
pressed people in general and 
the American Negro in particu- 
lar is not suddenly going to dis- 
appear. It is sociologically 
true that privileged classes 
rarely ever give up their privi- 
leges without strong resistance. 
It is also sociologically true that 
once oppressed people rise up 
against their oppression there 
is no stopping point short of full 
freedom. So realism impels us 
to admit that the struggle will 
continue until freedom is a re- 
ality for all of the oppressed 
peoples of the world. 

Since the struggle will con- 
tinue, the basic question which 
confronts the oppressed peo- 
ples of the world is this: How 
will the struggle against the 
forces of injustice be waged? 

There are two possible an- 
swers. One is to resort to the 
all too prevalent method of 
physical violence and corrod- 
ing hatred. Violence, neverthe- 
less, solves no social problem; 
it merely creates new and more 
complicated ones. Occasionally 
violence is temporarily success- 
ful, but never permanently so. 
It often brings temporary vic- 
tory, but never permanent 
peace. If the American Negro 
and other victims of oppression 
succumb to the temptation of 
using violence in the struggle 
for justice, unborn generations 
will be the recipients of a long 

RLligious News Service 

Poster for Brotherhood Week 

and desolate night of bitterness, , 
and their chief legacy to the 
future will be an endless reign.,' 
of meaningless chaos. 

The alternative to violence! 
is the method of nonviolent re-S 
sistance. This method is noth-:f 
ing more and nothing less than i 
Christianity in action. It seems 
to me to be the Christian way ' 
of life in solving problems ofi 
human relations. This method; 
was made famous in our gener- 
ation by Mohandas K. Gandhi, ; 
who used it to free his country ; 
from the domination of the 
British Empire. This method 
has also been used in Montgom- 
ery, Alabama, under the lead- 
ership of the ministers of all 
denominations, to free 50,000 
Negroes from the long night of 
bus segregation. Several basic 
things can be said about non- 
violence as a method in bring- 
ing about better racial 

First, this is not a method of 
cowardice or stagnant passivi- 
ty; it does resist. The nonvio- 
lence resistor is just as opposed 
to the evil against which he is 
protesting as the person who 
uses violence. It is true that 
this method is passive or non- 
aggressive in the sense that the 
nonviolent resistor is not ag- 
gressive physically toward his 
opponent, but his mind and 
emotions are always active, con- 
stantly seeking to persuade the 
opponent that he is mistaken. 
This method is passive physi- 
cally, but it is strongly active 
spiritually; it is nonaggressive 
physically, but dynamically ag- 
gressive spiritually. 

A second basic fact about 
this method is that it does not 
seek to defeat or humiliate the 
opponent, but to win his friend- 
ship and understanding. The 
nonviolent resistor must often 
voice his protest through non- 
co-operation or boycotts, but he 

Continued on page 13 


A Voice From the South 

EARLY in November eighty white Protes- 
tant clergymen in Atlanta, Georgia, is- 
sued a statement that deserves careful 
istudy as Race Relations Sunday approaches. A 
similar statement v^^as adopted one month later 
!bv thirty-one Protestant ministers and two Jew- 
ish rabbis in Columbus, Georgia. 

We do not know to what extent these reli- 
gious leaders reflect the thinking of their con- 
gregations or even the thinking of their fellow 
ministers. We are impressed, however, that 
they speak on the basis of fundamental Chris- 
tian and democratic principles. What is more 
important, they speak as Southerners who are 
intimately acquainted with the problems that 
attend integration. What they are telling us 
should be heeded both because of what they 
say and because of where they live. They are 
surely speaking to us, wherever we live. 

The Atlanta ministers sav, "We are all South- 
erners, either by birth or by choice, and speak 
as men who love the South, who understand 
its problems and are vitallv concerned for its 
welfare." They are careful to point out that 
integration should not be confused with amal- 
gamation. "We do not believe in the amalga- 
mation of the races, nor do we feel that it is 
favored by right-thinking members of either 
race. We do believe that all Americans, whether 
black or white, have a right to the full privileges 
of first-class citizenship. To suggest that a 
recognition of the rights of Negroes to the full 
privileges of American citizenship and to such 
necessary contacts as might follow, would in- 
evitably result in intermarriage is to cast a 
serious and unjustified aspersion upon the white 
race as upon the Negro race." 

The ministers then set forth six basic prin- 
ciples upon which they urged their fellow citi- 
zens to act. They said: 

"1. Freedom of speech must at all costs be 
preserved. . . . 

"2. As Americans and Christians we have an 
obligation to obey the law. . . . 

"3. The public school system must not be 
destroyed. . . . 

"4. Hatred and scorn for those of another 
race, or for those who hold a position different 
from our own, can never be justified. . . . 

"5. Communication between responsible 
leaders of the races must be maintained. . . . 

"6. Our difficulties cannot be solved in our 
own strength or in human wisdom." 

If white Christians not only in Georgia but 
throughout the nation will abide by such signifi- 
cant standards in dealing with situations where 
they live— and if Negro Christians will follow 
the principles of nonviolent action on behalf 
of their rights, as set forth by Martin Luther 
King in this issue, we can confidently look for- 
ward to a peaceful and just solution of racial 
difi^iculties in this nation. 

But if attempts to subvert the law continue, 
if states abolish their public schools rather than 
admit Negro children to so-called white schools, 
if there are more Little Rock conflicts, and if 
Negro leaders tire of waiting patiently to be 
accepted as neighbors and first-class citizens, 
we may witness the kind of racial strife from 
which no one can benefit. Let us pray that 
more Christian voices from the South may be 
heard, that more men of the stature of Martin 
Luther King arise as leaders and that Christians 
everywhere will translate their ideals of brother- 
hood into practical measures proving that we 
really believe God has no favorite race or color. 

— K. M. 

With One Finger 

EVEN if you are unable to do more than 
move a finger, you can respond to our 
Lord's commission to go into all the 
world and preach the gospel. The American 
Bible Society has developed an inexpensive 
phonograph that can be operated by one finger. 

It will be used extensively in areas where 
people are illiterate and have not heard the 
gospel. The phonograph needs only hand 
power, but it has a well-developed tone arm 
and a good sound box. Recordings of the Scrip- 
tures are available on flexible vinyl plastic discs. 
By this means the gospel may be preached in 
parts of the world where the printed page would 
have little effect. 

Early experiments have shown that one 
phonograph can tell the good news of Jesus 
Christ to one hundred persons at a time. Per- 
haps all we need are more committed Christians 
with committed fingers. If so much can be done 
with a finger, how much more with a hand to 
reach out, a voice to speak, and a heart to love? 

— K. M. 

FEBRUARY 8, 1958 5 

the Church, 



Liston Pope 

Religious News Service 

A mixed congregation prays at the dedication of the 
DeWitt Memorial church on New York's lower East Side 
at the edge of a public housing development Worship 
services will be conducted in English, Spanish and Russian 

CHRISTIANS, and espe- 
cially Protestants, natur- 
ally turn to the Bible as 
their charter and constitution. 
Here, we find no clear teaching 
about "race" in the modem 
sense of the term, that is, about 
race as a biological phenome- 
non that divides human beings 
physically into clearly distinct 
groups. The peoples of the 
Bible were obviously aware of 
differences among groups; there 
are innumerable references to 
nations, tribes, and tongues. 

Physical differences were oft- 
en noted, but in themselves 
were seldom if ever the basis 
for discrimination; to the con- 
trary, did not the small David 
overwhelm the mighty Goliath 
and the Hebrews overcome na- 
tions "greater and mightier" 
than themselves? In quoting 


these latter examples out of 
context I am illustrating the 
method most often employed to 
support either segregation or 
integration on Biblical grounds. 
One example on each side of 
the question may be given, 
though scores are available. 

Those who believe that the 
Bible teaches the racial inferior- 
ity of the Negro often lean 
heavily on the "curse" placed 
on the son of Ham, by his 
grandfather Noah (who had 
just risen from a naked and 
drunker stupor), "a slave of 
slaves shall he be to his broth- 
ers" (Gen. 9: 25). By strange 
feats of genealogy it is assumed 
that Ham was the forebear of 
the Africans; by stranger leaps 
in exposition, it comes to be 
assumed that it was God who 
cursed the descendants of Ham. 
The text clearly indicates that 
Noah pronounced the curse, 

and also permits the inference 
that he had a hangover at the 

Now God could use the As- 
syrian as the arm of his wrath, 
and most assuredly he might 
use a man just arising from a 
drunken stupor, but this pos- 
sibility must be very disturb- 
ing to those who believe both 
in the curse and in prohibition— 
and there are many such. So 
far as this passage is concerned, 
one would suppose that either 
the doctrine of racial superi- 
ority or that of prohibitionism 
must lose Biblical prestige— 
and that is a very hard choice 

This entire method of Bibli- 
cal exegesis would be rejected, 
of course, by those who know 
enough about the Bible to do 
intelligent exegesis. But it can- 
not be laughed off; like many 
another myth, the myth of "the 

curse" has already done great 
harm in the world. 

On the other side of the argu- 
ment is the perennial appeal to 
the well-known verse from the 
Book of Acts: "[God] hath made 
of one blood all nations of men 
for to dwell on all the face of 
the earth . . ." (King James 
translation; Acts 17: 26). This 
verse unquestionably proclaims 
the unity of mankind through 
God's creation, but the term 
blood is not to be understood 
in a racial sense. It signifies 
the principle and unity of life 
through God's creative act. The 
Revised Standard Version omits 
the term entirely. In any event, 
honesty would require that one 
should go on to include the re- 
mainder of the verse, which 
is often used by supporters of 
segregation ". . . and hath de- 
termined the times before ap- 
pointed, and the bounds of their 

Many other examples of the 
effort to read racial ideas back 
into the Bible might be given. 
But "one little word shall fell" 
them. The very notion of 
"race," as it is commonly under- 
stood at the present time, is a 
modern idea, no more than 
three or four centuries old at 
the most. In his prescience God 

might have chosen to give us 
more Biblical light on it in an- 
ticipation of its eventual ap- 
pearance. There is no evidence 
that he chose to do so. The 
Bible contains incomparable 
teaching about human rela- 
tions, of course, and race rela- 
tions are only a particular ( and 
probably temporary) aspect of 
human relations. 

Scriptural teaching is, there- 
fore, by no means irrelevant to 
our modern race problems. 
There we learn that God 
created (and creates) all men 
in his own image. There we 
read, in the story of the Fall, 
that man in his pride rebels 
against his Creator, sets him- 
self up as the judge of what is 
good, and fractures the unity 
of creation. At Babel he frac- 
tures it again, again because in 
his own cunning he seeks to 
scale the ramparts of God, and 
he is reduced to a confusion of 
tongues. So we are taught that 
human diversity, except be- 
tween the sexes, follows on the 
sin and fall of man, not from 
God's creation, except as God 
gave man the freedom and 
other conditions under which 
this could happen. 

By immediate inference, ra- 
cial distinction and discrimina- 

In the kindergarten harmony prevails 

tion are man's fault, not God's 
design. And we read too, in the 
Book that is our charter, of the 
judgments visited upon man by 
God whenever he raises his 
hand against his brother, and 
of the reconciliation of man 
with man as a means of God's 
grace. In modem terms the 
judgment of God is found in 
the shame or brutalization of a 
prejudiced heart, in the unease 
that attends the days and nights 
of the segregationist or the bit- 
ter man, in the repudiation of 
the churches themselves for 
their capitulation to man's per- 
spectives. And God's grace 
may be found in the restoration 
again of the unity that has been 
broken, in the freedom and as- 
surance of living again in a 
world where men know a com- 
mon Father as their redeemer 
and therefore accept every man 
as brother. 

Through all the cosmic dra- 
ma of Biblical history there 
runs another theme, and it rises 
at last to unbearable climax to 
show us what manner of peo- 
ple we are. God condescends 
to choose a people as his own, 
and to make with them a cov- 
enant to be their God. There 
are no racial implications in this 
doctrine of the chosen people: 
foreigners who become part of 
them are to be included in 
God's care, and "many nations" 
will emerge from those chosen. 
Marriage with foreign women 
is forbidden, lest defection from 
Israel's God result, but what 
we would call racial intermar- 
riage does not appear to be 
either prohibited or advocated 
as such in the Bible. Nor does 
the choice by God of a particu- 
lar people give to them 
any privilege over other na- 
tions, in the long run, except 
that of knowledge of the one 
true God. Israel learns with 
difficulty in time that this same 

FEBRUARY 8. 1958 7 


God rules all nations, even to 
tlie isles of the sea. And her 
final lesson is that she, Israel, 
God's chosen remnant, must by 
her o^^^l suffering, bring these 
nations also to salvation. 

Jesus of Nazareth comes as 
the fulfillment of the mission 
gi\en to Israel. The central mes- 
sage of the gospel, later made 
e\'en more specific by the elo- 
quence of St. Paul, is that Jesus 
Christ, through his life on earth, 
his death for all men, and his 
resunection as the hope of all 
men, has brought reconciliation 
between man and God and man 
and man. Those who accept 
him as their Lord live in a new 
dimension in which love and 
unity are regnant, though still 
tainted by sin. 

This unity is not only spirit- 
ual; it pervades life in all its 
relationships and it seeks even 
to remake society. Out of faith 
in the life, death, and resurrec- 
tion of Jesus Christ came a new 
community composed of many 
peoples — men "from every na- 
tion under heaven" ( fifteen are 
named in Acts 2) were present 
at Pentecost, generally consid- 
ered to have been the begin- 
ning of the larger Christian 
community or church. Each 
was speaking his own tongue, 
but in a common bond of unity 
in Christ. 

Through many vicissitudes 
this community swept out 
across the world, gathering up 
Greek and Jew, slave and free 
man, barbarian, Scythian, Ro- 
man, Egyptian, Indian, African, 
European, American. For near- 
ly eighteen centuries the church 
knew little ethnic discrimina- 
tion within its life. Not until 
white men began to overrun the 
world did their new division 
among men by races come to 
pass; not until the nineteenth 
century did elaborate justifica- 


tions of it begin to appear, and 
these originated for the most 
part outside the churches. In 
time in certain churches, still a 
small minority, found for the 
most part in the United States 
and the Union of South Africa, 
these pagan theories have large- 
ly supplanted the ancient Chris- 
tian doctrines, and have 
perverted the life of the church- 
es themselves, so that they use 
these theories to interpret even 
the Bible. 

In this long perspective, 
embracing the centuries from 
creation to our own day of judg- 
ment, who are we? We say that 
we are the people of God, the 
new Israel, God's elect, a new 
chosen race. Are we? Were 
we, would we tolerate "the di- 
viding wall of hostility" whose 
destruction was proclaimed by 
St. Paul nineteen hundred years 
ago? Can a church still call 
itself a church when it shows a 
partiality not shown by God? 
Perhaps our greatest need, if 
we are once again to be the peo- 
ple of God, is that of knowing 
who God's people are, of re- 
capturing a sense of God's 
church as it has been revealed 
in the Scriptures and through 
many centuries. 

In those terms, many of our 

Listen Pope, dean of Yale Divin- 
ity School, gave Christ, the 
Church, and Race as an address 
before the National Council of 
Churches Assembly 

churches may not deserve the* iH 
name. They are social clubs 
maintained by the pride and 
prejudice of man. They are vol- 
untary groups setting their ovm; 
standards of membership, not 
descendants of the church that 
came from Pentecost— ultimate-^; 
ly from a cross. 

It has been said that "eleven 
o'clock on Sunday morning is 
the most segregated hour in the 
week." One could qualify that ' 
conclusion; eleven o'clock on 
Saturday night is even more 
segregated for the country club 
set, and other purely social 
clubs are in general more com- 
pletely uni-racial than are the ' 
churches. If the statement is . 
properly hedged about and i 
seen in perspective, however, it 
must be granted that the church 
is probably the most racially 
segregated major institution in . 
American life, at least as it is 
represented in its local mani- 
festations. But it is at the level 
of the local church and com- 
munity, where people must live 
and work and worship face-to- 
face, day after day, that the 
crucial test will come. 

Certainly the church chas- 
tises the world in matters of 
race as a sinner chastising an- 
other sinner, and is repentant ■ 
even in the act of chastisement. 
But in the light of the Bible, in 
the doctrine of the Christian 
church, in centuries of experi- 
ence since Pentecost— before all ] 
these tribunals the practice of ' 
racial segregation or discrimi- 
nation before God or in the ! 
church stands condemned. And | 
deep in their own hearts most j 
thoughtful Christians, North or j 
South, in South Africa or in ; 
Singapore, know that this is i^ 
true. Further, the churches are I 
as much sinned against as sin- 
ning in respect to their own poor 
record in integration. Residen- 
tially segregated neighborhoods 
make it very difficult, almost 


iunnatural, for neighborhood 
churches to become racially in- 
clusive. Of course, churches do 
jnot need to run so rapidly from 
the possibility as many of them 
do when their neighborhoods 
begin to change. But in many 
instances, perhaps most, the 
churches are as much the vic- 
tims of segregation patterns im- 

posed by others as the 
perpetrators of them. 

Though interracial congrega- 
tions in American Protestantism 
still comprise about ten per cent 
of the total number of congre- 
gations, this percentage is five 
times as great as that of ten 
years ago. In some denomina- 
tions the figure is much higher 

The Family Counselor 

Paul Hersch 
Clyde Weaver 

H. K. Zeller. Jr. 
Leah Zuck 

Jesse Ziegler 
Kaiherine Weaver 

The Family Counselor welcomes letters of inquiry. They may be addressed: Family 
Life Department, General Brotherhood Board, 22 S. State St., Elgin, HI. 

Dear Counselor, 

I am writing to learn the stand 
of the Church of the Brethren on 
recreation. We feel there is a need 
for planned recreation at Sunday- 
'school class meetings and that 
young people should have organized 
.and supervised recreation. Should 
!the church provide a place for this 
recreation? We feel the sanctuary 
of the church has been dedicated 
to God and that everyone should 
be reverent when in the sanctuary, 
but what about recreation in the 
church basement and in Sunday- 
school rooms? 

Thank you for any information 
you might give us. 

Church Leader. 
Dear Friend, 

In answering your letter on 
church recreation I am assuming 
ithat we agree on some of the the- 
jological bases for Christian recrea- 
tion as it relates to Christian 

1. In the beginning God created 
jthe heavens and the earth, and he 
i created man. And he said it was 
Igood. The body and the spirit are 
part of God's creative activity, clean 
and legitimate. 

2. The nature of man indicates 
a need for wholeness of life. There 
is a rhythm and flow of life between 
activity, release, and meditation. 
The Genesis story gives us "the 
Sabbath principle" as one example 
of God's intentions. 

3. Jesus' interest in the welfare 
of the whole man, caring for his 
need of food, health, shelter, indi- 
cates that he would approve of his 
recreational needs as well. Remem- 
ber that he attended a wedding. 

4. Many men come to God 
through their sorrow, anxiety, and 

pain, but they learn to know God 
through their good times, too. 

5. The doctrine of salvation by 
grace recognizes man's dependence 
upon God. Man might well turn 
from his feverish attempts to do 
God's work in order to take some 
creative leisure. 

The need for recreation is evident 
in children's play, in youth's vi- 
vacious living and in adult's sense 
of creativeness. The answer is sim- 
ply, "Yes." Young people need 
recreation, Christian recreation. 

The church building is dedicated 
to God's work, and so should be 
our homes and our schools. In fact, 
for a Christian, all of life is a dedi- 
cation to do his will. To overdedi- 
cate our church buildings and to 
underdedicate our homes is a secu- 
lar principle that divides Christi- 
anity into neat pigeonholes. You 
should be able to use the church 
building for any purpose that you 
would use your home. On the other 
hand, church recreation leaders rec- 
ognize that there is a time and place 
for everything at church and at 
home. The church sanctuary is not 
a good place for recreation. The 
church fellowship hall is a more 
suitable place for such activity. 

The kind of recreation to be used 
should be judged by the best Chris- 
tian standards. The book, Recrea- 
tion and the Local Church, written 
by a workshop group and published 
by the Brethren Publishing House, 
gives considerable guidance on this 
matter. I see no harm in ping-pong, 
shuffleboard and other group games 
including folk games for Christian 
young people as long as they are 
acceptable and do not dull the spir- 
itual sensitiveness of the individual. 
Ed Grill. 

than this national average. And 
comparable or even greater 
changes have taken place dur- 
ing the last decade in most 
church-related institutions such 
as schools, colleges, and hos- 
pitals. The movement toward 
integration has been at an un- 
even rate in the various de- 
nominations and regions of the 
country, but it has affected 
them all, including a number 
of churches and educational in- 
stitutions in the South. 

Slowly, how slowly, the 
mending of the breach pro- 
ceeds, but it does proceed, and 
it will not stop until the seam- 
less robe of the church is whole 
again. We may be nearer a 
breakthrough on this battle- 
field than we know. It should 
also be remembered that most 
of the Christian churches in the 
world still refuse to practice 
discrimination or segregation. 
If the church as a whole had 
capitulated, it would have ut- 
terly lost its integrity and com- 
pletely denied its Lord. What- 
ever the regional defections 
may be, it is the very nature of 
the church to be an inclusive 
and integrated community. 

Let those take heart who 
bear the brunt of the battle. 
All Christian history testifies 
that their struggle will not be 
in vain, or else the churches 
over which they sorrow will 
finally lose their souls. There 
have been and will be martyrs 
in this cause. But let no one 
become the child of his fears 
rather than of his faith. The 
speed at which the church can 
proceed will vary from place to 
place. The battle will ebb and 
flow. But victory will be ours 
in the name of Christ. Then the 
church will have found her life 
again as the undivided people 
of God, and will show to a 
broken mankind a still more 
excellent way. 

FEBRUARY 8. 1958 9 

The Anniversary Is Launched at Germantown 


Don Durnbaugh (right), who has done much' 
research in Brethren history, points out inter- 
esting items in the historical collection at the; 
Gei-mantown church to Glenn M. Faus (left) 
and J. Ross Eshleman, who were present for the< 
inaugural service on January 1 


A full account of the Anniversorr^ 
celebration at Germantown by two 
of those who participated will op-: 
pear in next week's Messenger' 

L. W. Shultz (left) and Don Durnbaugh talk over 
the latter 's book, European Origins of the Breth- 
ren, which is scheduled to be released early in 

Glenn Faus, Hedda and Don Durnbaugh, and 

Ross Eshleman (from left) study the plaque in 

memory of the two Christopher Sowers 


Above: Present at Germantown for the inaugural 
service were, from left, Paul H. Bowman, chairman 
|of the 250th Anniversary Committee; Delbert Flora, 
moderator of the Brethren Church; and Miles Taber, 
moderator of the National Fellowship of Brethren 
Churches (Grace Brethren) 

Right, Norman H. Baugher, general secretary of the 
General Brotherhood Board; Edwin Espy, associate 
general secretary National Council of Churches; Quin- 
ter Miller, assistant general secretary for field opera- 
tions, National Council (from left) 

Others taking part in the inaugural service or present 
at the meeting were, top to bottom, left: Harper S. Will 
and Morley S. Mays, who brought the afternoon mes- 
sages; Nevin H. Zuck and DeWitt L. Miller, who 
presided at the afternoon meeting and luncheon, re- 
spectively; right: V. F. Schwalm, who gave the morn- 
ing address; Andrew Cordier; Nevin Fisher, who led 
the music; and R. H. Edwin Espy, who brought greet- 
ings from the National Council 

Edward Ziegler, who officiated at the love feast service 

FEBRUARY 8, 1958 


Clark and Clark 

Who Is My Neighbor? 

Yon shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your 
soul, and with all your mind. This is the great and first commandment. 
And a second is like it. You shall love your neighbor as yourself (Matt. 
22:37-39, R.S.V.) 

THESE two command- 
ments are disturbing to 
our consciences when we 
look realistically at our troubled 
world and honestly at ourselves 
as Christians. We have not so 
lo\'ed God and our neighbor. 
It is our knowledge of Jesus 
Christ that alone makes our 
disobedience plain to us; it is 
our expectance of his grace that 
alone makes our confession 
possible; and it is our hope for 
his power that alone makes us 
continue to take his command- 
ments with utter seriousness. 

In the midst of racial tensions 
and world revolution, Chris- 



tians everywhere must be 
searching their souls for an an- 
swer to the question: "Do we 
love our neighbor as our- 
selves?" There are those who 
insist that they love and wor- 
ship God with their whole heart 
and that they love their friends. 
Yes, they do love God and 
neighbor, but — 


Luke 10: 29-38 suggests an 
answer. As Jesus finished tell- 
ing the story of the Good Sa- 
maritan, he asked, "Which of 
these three, do you think, 
proved neighbor to the man 
who fell among the robbers?" 
The lawyer replied, "The one 

Mrs. James D. Wyker 

who showed mercy on him." 
And Jesus said to him, "Go and 
do likewise." 

The one who showed mercy! 
This means that we must serve 
the needs of neighbors around 
the world. American Christians 
have responded generously to 
One Great Hour of Sharing. 
They have shown mercy abun- 
dantly through their world 
mission programs, providing 
hospitals, colleges, and agricul- 
tural information, and by other 
means sharing the gospel in 
faraway places. 


Could it be a tired woman 
in Montgomery, Alabama, a 

itizen of the United States, 
v^ho wanted to remain in her 
eat after she had paid the same 
are as other passengers but 
v^as required to give it up and 
tand in the rear of the bus? 

Could it be a young minister 
a Tennessee who was abused 
»ecause he walked to school 
i^ith some children one morn- 
ig for their protection, or 
hose very childen whose skin 
VSLS darker than his? 

Could it be the thousands of 

displaced" Negro people, 

aany uneducated and un- 

killed, who are Heeing from the 

outh into northern cities? We 

ave rushed to show mercy by 

ending food, clothing, and 

noney to displaced persons in 

nany lands. What is our re- 

ponse to these "displaced " citi- 

■^ens in our own country, so 

lear at hand, so far from our 


I Could it be the educated, 
bultured, financially indepen- 
dent Negro citizen in Ohio who 
;ried to buy a home in a resi- 
dential section, but was pro- 
hibited because of his race? 

Could it be a community of 
people in Georgia who have 
been living out their Christian 
convictions on an interracial 
farm, whose roadside market 
has been bombed, whose credit 
has been discontinued, and 
whose insurance has been can- 

My neighbor! It could be 
the Indian Americans who are 
moving into towns and cities, or 
who are still trying to conserve 
their culture on reservations 
within the borders of our coun- 
try. It could be other minority 
groups, perhaps, the Orientals, 
the Mexicans, or the Puerto 

Christians who revere free- 
dom and justice, face the re- 
sponsibility, on Race Relations 

Sunday, 1958, to love God, with 
heart, soul, and mind; to love 
our neighbors as ourselves; and 
to show mercy as we know our 
Lord would have us do. 

To love our neighbor and to 
show mercy mean today sup- 
port of those who seek freedom 
and justice in the face of dis- 
crimination and segregation. 


Persons of any color— anyone 
in need wherever he may be. 

Out of the Long Night 

Continued from page 4 

lealizes that nonco-operation 
and boycotts are not ends with- 
in themselves; they are means 
to awaken a sense of moral 
shame within the opponent. 
The end is redemption and re- 
conciliation. The aftermath of 
nonviolence is tlie creation of 
the beloved community, while 
the aftermath of violence is 
tragic bitterness. 

A third fact that character- 
izes the method of nonviolence 
is that the attack is directed to 
forces of evil, rather than to 
persons caught in the forces. 
It is evil that we are seeking to 
defeat, not the persons victim- 
ized with evil. Those of us 
who struggle against racial in- 
justice must come to see that 
the basic tension is not between 
races. As I like to say to the 
people in Montgomery, Ala- 
bama, "The tension in this city 
is not between white people 
and Negro people. The tension 
is at bottom between justice 
and injustice, between the 
forces of light and the forces 
of darkness. And if there is a 
victory it will be a victory, not 
merely for 50,000 Negroes, but 
a victory for justice and the 
forces of light. We are out to 
defeat injustice and not white 
persons who may happen to be 

A fourth point that must be 
brought out concerning the 

method of nonviolence is that 
this method not only avoids 
external physical violence, but 
also internal violence of spirit. 
At the center of nonviolence 
stands the principle of love. In 
struggling for human dignity 
the oppressed people of the 
world must not succumb to the 
temptation of becoming bitter 
or indulging in hate campaigns. 
To retaliate with hate and bit- 
terness would do nothing but 
intensify the existence of hate 
in our world. 

We have learned through the 
grim realities of life and history 
that hate and violence solve 
nothing. They only serve to 
push us deeper and deeper into 
the mire. Violence begets vio- 
lence; hate begets hate; and 
toughness begets a greater 
toughness. It is all a descend- 
ing spiral, and the end is de- 
struction—for everybody. Along 
the way of life, someone must 
have enough sense and morality 
to cut off the chain of hate by 
projecting the ethic of love into 
the center of our lives. 

In speaking of love, we are 
not referring to some sentimen- 
tal and affectionate emotion. It 
would be nonsense to urge men 
to love their oppressors in an 
affectionate sense. Love in this 
connection means understand- 
ing goodwill as expressed in the 
Greek word agape. This means 
nothing sentimental or basically 
affectionate; it means under- 
standing, redeeming goodwill 
for all men, an overflowing love 
which seeks nothing in return. 
It is spontaneous, unmotivated, 
groundless, and creative. It is 
the love of God operating in the 
human heart. When we rise 
to love on the agape level, we 
rise to the position of loving the 
person who does the evil deed, 
while hating the deed that the 
person does. 

FEBRUARY 8, 1958 


A fifth basic fact about the 
method of nonviolent resistance 
is that it is based on the convic- 
tion that the uni\erse is on the 
side of justice. It is this deep 
faitli in tlie future that causes 
the non\iolent resistor to accept 
suffering without retahation. He 
knows tliat in his struggle for 
justice he has cosmic compan- 
ionship. There is a creative 
power in the universe that 
works to bring low gigantic 
mountains of evil and pull 
down prodigious hilltops of in- 
justice. This is the faith that 
keeps the nonviolent resistor 
going through all of the tension 
and suffering that he must in- 
evitablv confront. 

Those of us who call the 
name of Jesus Christ find some- 
thing at the center of our faith 
which forever reminds us that 
God is on the side of truth and 
justice. Good Friday may oc- 
cupy the throne for a day, but 
ultimately it must give way to 
the triumph of Easter. Evil 
may so shape events that Cae- 
sar will occupy a palace and 
Christ a cross, but that same 
Christ arose and split history 
into A.D. and B.C., so that even 
the life of Caesar must be dated 
by his name. Yes, "the arc of 
the moral universe is long, but 
it bends toward justice." There 
is something in the universe 
which justifies William CuUen 
Bryant in saying, "Truth 
crushed to earth will rise again." 
So in Montgomery, Alabama, 
we can walk and never get 
weary, because we know that 
there will be a great camp 
meeting in the promised land 
of freedom and justice. 

I cannot close this article 
without saying that the prob- 
lem of race is indeed America's 
greatest moral dilemma. The 
churches are called upon to 
recognize the urgent necessity 

of taking a forthright stand on 
this crucial issue. If we are to 
remain true to the gospel of 
Jesus Christ, we cannot rest 
until segregation and discrim- 
ination are banished from every 
area of American life. 

Many churches have already 
taken a stand. The National 
Council of Churches has con- 
demned segregation over and 
over again, and has requested 
its constituent denominations 
to do likewise. Most of the 
major denominations have en- 
dorsed that action. Many indi- 
vidual ministers, even in the 
South, have stood up with 
dauntless courage. High tribute 
and appreciation is due the 
ninety ministers of Atlanta, 
Georgia, who so courageously 
signed the noble statement call- 
ing for compliance with the 
law and a reopening of the 
channels of communication be- 
tween the races. All of these 
things are admirable and de- 
serve our highest praise. 

But we must admit that these 
courageous stands from the 
church are still far too few. The 

sublime statements of the major 
denominations on the question 
of human relations move too 
slowly to the local churches in 
actual practice. Too many min- 
isters are still silent. 

It may well be that the great- 
est tragedy of this period of 
social transition is not the glar- 
ing noisiness of the so-called 
bad people, but the appalling 
silence of the so-called good 
people. It may be that our 
generation will have to repent 
not only for the diabohcal ac- 
tions and vitriolic words of the 
children of darkness, but also 
for the crippling fears and trag- 
ic apathy of the children of 


What we need is a restless 
determination to make the ideal 
of brotherhood a reality in this 
nation and all over the world. 
There are certain technical 
words which tend to become 
stereotypes and cliches after a 
certain period of time. Psychol- 
ogists have a word which is 
probably used more frequently 
than any other word in modem 
psychology. It is the word mal- 



'Tor we are indeed 
his ofispring" 

News Service 

adjusted. In a sense all of us 
jmust live the well adjusted life 
in order to avoid neurotic and 
schizophrenic personalities. 

But there are some things in 
jour social system to which all 
of us ought to be maladjusted. 
I never intend to adjust myself 
to the viciousness of mob-rule. 
I never intend to adjust myself 
to the evils of segregation and 
I the crippling effects of discrim- 
ination. I never intend to ad- 
just myself to the inequalities 
of an economic system which 
I takes necessities from the mass- 
jes to give luxuries to the 
I classes. I never intend to be- 
icome adjusted to the madness 
!of militarism and the self-de- 
' feating method of physical vio- 

It may be that the salvation 
of the world lies in the hands 
I of the maladjusted. The chal- 
lenge to us is to be maladjusted 
—as maladjusted as the prophet 
Amos, who in the midst of the 
injustices of his day, could cry 
out in words that echo across 
the centuries, "Let judgment 
run down like waters and right- 
eousness like a mighty stream"; 
as maladjusted as Lincoln, who 
had the vision to see that this 
nation could not survive half 
slave and half free; as malad- 
justed as Jefferson, who in the 
midst of an age amazingly ad- 
justed to slavery could cry out 
in words lifted to cosmic pro- 
portions, "All men are created 
equal, and are endowed by their 
Creator with certain inalienable 
rights, that among these are 
life, liberty, and the pursuit of 
happiness"; as maladjusted as 
Jesus who could say to the men 
and women of his generation, 
"Love your enemies, bless them 
that curse you, do good to them 
that hate you, and pray for 
them that despitefully use you." 
The world is in desperate need 
of such maladjustment. 
Through such courageous mal- 
adjustment we will be able to 

General Chairman, Anniversary Call 

He spent a year at Bethany 
Training School, Chicago, and 
graduated from Mount Morris 
College in 1932. 

Past president of the Mt. Mor- 
ris Kiwanis Club, and presently 
a member of its Board of Di- 
rectors, Bro. Powers served for 
eighteen years as Cubmaster 
and chairman of the pack com- 
mittee of the Boy Scouts. Pres- 
ently he is chairman of the 
Sinissippi District, and a mem- 
ber of the executive committee 
of the Blackhawk area council. 
He is also a member of the Boy 
Scout's National Council. 

Mr. Powers is chairman of the 
adult education committee of 
the Mt. Morris P.T.A. He is 
past president of the National 
Council of Men's Work of the 
Church of the Brethren, and 
past recording secretary of 
United Church Men and a 
member of its board of mana- 
gers. He is a member of the 
board of the Mt. Morris Church 
of the Brethren, and teaches an 
adult Sunday-school class there. 
He is also a member of the de- 
partment of ministry and evan- 

He is married to the former 
Marjorie Phelps of Monmouth, 
111., and has three children, San- 
dra 14, Steven 8, and Thomas 
one year old. He has resided in 
Mt. Morris since 1927, and has 
been employed at the Kable 
Printing Co. there for twenty- 
five years, for the past twenty 
years as traffic manager. 

With Our Contributors 

Martin Luther King, Jr., the pastor 
of the Dexter Avenue Baptist church 
in Montgomery, Alabama, was one of 
the leaders in the nonviolent resistance 
movement against bus segregation in 


Mrs. James D. Wyker, a member of 

the Disciples Church, is a past president 

emerge from the bleak and des- of the United Church Women. She 

olate midnight of man's inhu- r°*%^\° ^' ^l Neighbor? as the 

^ 111 Race Relations statement tor the Na- 

mamty to man mto the bright tional Council, 
and glittering daybreak of free- 
dom and justice. 

Mt. Morris, 111. has been 
named Ceneral Chair- 
man of the Church of the Breth- 
ren's 250th Anniversary Call, 
according to an announcement 
by Desmond W. Bittinger, 
Moderator of the church. 

Through the Call program it 
is planned to raise a minimum 
of $2,600,000 in the fiscal year 
1958-1959 for church extension, 
and for the expansion and 
strengthening of other phases 
of the church's work here and 

Willard Powers has been ac- 
tive in the church for many 
years, having been baptized at 
Beaver, Iowa in 1921. For the 
past six years he has been mod- 
erator of the Church of the 
Brethren in Mt. Morris. 

Born Sept. 8, 1909 on a farm 
near Beaver, Iowa he attended 
South Beaver grade school and 
Beaver Consolidated School. 

FEBRUARY 8. 1958 



Information concerning the day and hour 
of local church lo\'e feasts will hereafter be 
Ciirried in local church news reports rather 
than in a separate section on these pages. The 
church calendar section has been developed 
so that e\ents of more than local interest can 
be noted there. Special announcements of 
local acti\ities, such as dedications, anni- 
\ersaiies, home-comings, and preaching mis- 
sions will still be carried if they are sent in 
at least four weeks in advance of the scheduled 

Manchester College needs an experienced book- 
keeper. Any person interested should get in touch with 
the college at an early date. 

Mark Roller is president of the National Council 
of Men's Work, not Ray Petersime as was erroneously 
stated in a recent Gospel Messenger. 

Action Sheet for Disarmament No. 4 was mailed to 
pastors the week of Jan. 27. With it is the American 
Friends Service Committee public statement. Why Are 
Ye So Fearful? with suggestions for its use in local 
newspapers or as a poster. 

The women's and men's work of Northern Iowa, 
Minnesota and South Dakota will hold a joint series 
of spring rallies at Sheldon, Iowa, April 15; Waterloo, 
Iowa, April 16; and Preston, Minn., April 17. Ralph 
E. Smeltzer will lead the rallies on the theme, New 
Developments in Brethren Service. 

One or two pianos are needed for use at the Breth- 
ren Service Center, New Windsor, Md. Preference will 
be given to church or school model spinet or grand. 
Good quality instruments of other models will be 
acceptable. Contact John H. Eberly, Director, Breth- 
ren Service Center, New Windsor, Md. 

Ira Petersime of Gettysburg, Ohio, died at his home 
there on Jan. 24. Brother Petersime invented the mam- 
moth electric incubator for the hatching of poultry 
eggs and set up a company under the name of Ira M. 
Petersime and Son for the manufacture of electric in- 
cubators. Ray Petersime, long active in men's work, is 
a son. 

Heifers, goats, chicks, hatching eggs and pigs are 
sent out regularly by Heifer Project, Inc., an agency 
which the Church of the Brethren helped to organize 
and continues to share in administering. As the way is 
open for the sending of this form of help to distressed 
areas, additional cash gifts and animals are sought. Mail 
funds for this program to the General Brotherhood 
Board, 22 S. State St., Elgin, 111. Mention the name 
of your church and district for Brotherhood Fund 
crediting purposes. 

Preregistrations for the Brethren youth seminar, ijr, 
Feb. 3-7, had reached 218 by Jan. 23. ] "" 

Directors of the various Brethren Volunteer Service^ 
projects will meet Feb. 9-15 at Camp Swatara, Pa. '. 






The Executive Committee of Men's Work and the! 
National Council of Women's Work convened in Elgin, 
111., in joint sessions, Jan. 26-28. ■ 


Doctors and nurses are still urgently needed fori 
the Brethren Service work in Puerto Rico. Contact tha 
Brethren Service Commission, General Brotherhood! 
Board, 22 S. State St., Elgin, 111., immediately if you- 
are interested or know of others who might be. | 

The annual ministerial retreat for the North Atlantic- 
District will be held on Saturday, Feb. 15, at the Firstj 
church, Philadelphia. Sessions will begin at 10:30 a.m.! 
and at 1:00 p.m. Guest leader for the retreat will bi 
Harold Z. Bomberger, Eastern Region secretary. 

From the estate of Malinda Baker, widow of Wei 
dell G. Baker, of Elizabethtown, Pa., the General 
Brotherhood Board has received a bequest of! 
$14,431.43. She was a member of the Elizabethtown 
congregation. Sister Baker designated her gift to be 
used by the Board "in the work of the Foreign Mission* 
Commission and the Brethren Service Commission toj 
aid needy persons." 

Change of Address 

E. O. Slater, from Dallas, Texas, to 960 Dahlia St.] 
Denver 20, Colo. 

Robert G. Mock, from Everett, Pa., to Brethrer 
Service Center, New Windsor, Md. Brother Mock is 
the new director of volunteer service training. 


East Fairview church. Eastern Pennsylvania, 
observe anniversary Sunday on March 2 at the tee 
o'clock worship service. Harold Z. Bomberger, execu| 
tive secretary, will be the speaker. 

Chinese church and Sunday school of the First! 
church, Chicago, 111., will celebrate its fiftieth anni- 
versary on Sunday, Feb. 23, at 4:00 p.m. Leland S^i 
Brubaker of Elgin, 111. will be the speaker. A dinnea 
for which reservation must be made will follow the 

Brethren Historical Tour 

Don Durnbaugh, author of the Anniversary Volume 
I, European Origins of the Brethren, will conduct a.\ 
four-week tour of the places in Germany and surround- 
ing countries where he discovered much of the material I 
for this volume. Tour members will leave New York 
on June 30, participate in a program of travel and study ' 
from July 1 to Aug. 2, attend the conference in Kassel i 
and the celebrations at Schwarzenau and at Berleburg, I 
Aug. 3-7, and have from Aug. 8 to Aug. 20 to travel or 1 
to plan on their own. This tour is especially recom- 
mended for pastors and others interested in a study of 
the history of the Church of the Brethren. For furthei 
information, write Brethren Service Commission, Gen- 
eral Brotherhood Board, 22 S. State St., Elgin, 111. 

Brotherhood Theme: Brethren Under the Lordship of Christ 

His Kingdom in My Kitchen, by Ernestine Hoff 
Emrick, has been reprinted. Copies are available at 
25c each, or 5 for $1.00. Order from Brethren Press, 
22 S. State St., Elgin, 111. 

From Oct. 1, 1956 to Sept. 30, 1957, the Church 
of the Brethren called eighty-two men to the ministry. 
The District of Western Pennsylvania licensed ten men, 
the highest number of men to be called by any one 
district. Eighteen districts called no men to the minis- 
try this past year. The number of licensed men by 
regions are: Eastern Region, twenty-one; Southeastern, 
twenty-four; Central, eighteen; Western, eleven; Pacific 
Coast, eight. 

Bridgewater College 

Harold Fasnacht, president of La Verne College, 
spoke in chapel on Jan. 3, 1958, to the students and 
faculty. He and Mrs. Fasnacht were guests of the col- 
lege on the way to Florida to attend the Association 
of American Colleges meeting. 

The new health and physical education building 
was scheduled for dedication on Feb. 6. Periods of 
open house in the afternoon and evening to observe 
the college's program of physical education were 
planned. In the early evening a formal dinner brought 
officials of the Mason-Dixon Conference and of the 
state board of education to the campus. A brief dedica- 
tory program was planned to precede the home game 
with Lynchburg College. 

Keith Grim '47, spoke in chapel on Jan. 22. Mr. 
Crim and his wife, Evelyn Ritchie Crim '46, served 
for five years in the Orient as missionaries of the Pres- 
byterian Church, and he is now completing his resident 
work at Union Seminary, Richmond, Va., in prepara- 
tion for his doctoral degree in Old Testament studies. 

H. H. McConnell, William M. Beahm, Donald Rowe 
will be the guest speakers of the sixty-second annual 
spiritual life institute to be held on the campus Feb. 
11-13, sponsored jointly by the college and the South- 
eastern Region. The regional board will have an im- 
portant meeting on Feb. 11, prior to the starting of 
the institute. The spiritual life institute annually at- 
tracts ministers and church leaders from the Mason- 
Dixon line to the tip of Florida. 

At the 250th Anniversary communion and love feast 
held in the Germantown church, Jan. 1, Bridgewater 
College was well represented by President Warren D. 
Bowman, William Willoughby, and Donald Clague 
from the faculty, and Cuy ¥/ampler, Sr., and William 
Smith from the regional office. 

President Warren D. Bowman, while attending the 
Association of American Colleges in Miami, Fla., Jan. 
5-9, attended the meeting of presidents of Brethren 
colleges during the association's meeting. While in 
Florida he also was the guest speaker at the annual 
meeting of the Florida state alumni chapter, meeting 
at Orlando, Jan. 11. 

In the ten-year development program, A. R. Sho- 
walter, associate director of development, is now con- 
ducting a second church solicitation in the First District 
of Virginia and is currently working among the churches 
of the Roanoke area. 

During the Christmas holidays, the Southeastern 

Region recreation leaders' laboratory was held on the 
Bridgewater campus with aproximately forty-seven in 

The regional kick-off dinner for the Brotherhood 
Anniversary Call program will take place on the campus 
on Feb. 12, with Donald Rowe, anniversary call di- 
rector, as the guest leader. 

The Student Christian Association has launched its 
annual deputation work among the churches with four 
teams presenting approximately thirty programs in the 
varied fields of music, worship, drama, and BVS work. 

Lowell A. Miller '40, Rockingham county commis- 
sioner of revenue, assumed the position of business 
manager and treasurer of Bridgewater College on Jan. 
1, 1958, succeeding Cecil C. Ikenberry '28, who has 
served faithfully for the last seventeen years. Mr. Iken- 
berry will continue with the college until the close of 
the 1957-58 school year. 

The Church Calendar 
February 9 

Lesson outline based on International Sunday School 
Lessons; the International Bible Lessons for Christian 
Teaching, copyrighted 1951 by the Division of Chris- 
tian Education, National Council of Churches of Christ 
in the U.S.A. 

Sunday-school Lesson: The Teaching Ministry of the 
Church. Acts 8:26-38; 1 Tim. 4:6-16; 2 Tim. 2:1-2; 3: 
10-17. Memory Selection: Take heed to yourself and 
to your teaching; hold to that, for by so doing you will 
save both yourself and your hearers. 1 Tim. 4:16 (R.S.V.) 

Feb. 9 Boy Scout Sunday 

Feb. 9 Race Relations Sunday 

Feb. II-I3 Spiritual Life Institute, Bridgewater Col- 
lege, Bridgewater, Va. 

Feb. 16-23 Brotherhood Week 

Feb. 18-23 Pacific Coast regional conference, Fresno, 

Feb. 19 Ash Wednesday 

Feb. 21 World Day of Prayer 

Feb. 23 Commitment Sunday 

March 3-7 Adult seminar, Washington, D.C., and New 
York City 

March 7-8 Central Region daily vacation Bible school 
conference, Manchester College, Ind. 

March 16 One Great Hour of Sharing 

With Our Evangelists 

Will you pray for the success of these meetings? 
Will you share the burden which these laborers carry? 
Bro. Clyde C. Fry of Waka, Texas, in the Peace Valley 
church. Mo., March 17-23. 

Bro. Russell G. West of Wiley, Colo., in the Oak Grove 
church, Va., Feb. 25-March 9. 

Gains for the Kingdom 

Three baptized in the New Philadelphia church, Ohio. 
One baptized and one received by letter in the Sidney 
church, Ohio. 

Six baptized and one received by letter in the East 
Fairview church. Pa. 

Seven baptized and three received by letter in the 
Manor church, Md. Four baptized in the Tampa church, 

FEBRUARY 8. 1958 


News and Comment From Around the World 

EUB Church Has 
Record Membership 

The world membership of the 
E\-angelical United Brethren Church 
now totals 827,000, according to a 
recent report. There are 4,277 EUB 
congregations in Nortli America and 
3,073 ministers. 

Dr. Hei-mann W. Kaebnick of 
Da>ton, Oliio, executive secretary of 
the denomination's general council, 
said tlie average per member con- 
tribution during tlie year was a 
record $58. Total giving for all 
purposes dming tlie year was more 
than $43,766,000. The average sal- 
ary of ministers in the denomination 
during tlie year, including parson- 
age rental and expense allowances 
was $3,747. 

Religious Question to Be 
Left Out of 1960 Census 

The 1960 population census will 
not include any question on reli- 
gious affihation. Robert W. Burgess, 
director of the Census Bureau, said 
that the primary reason for this 
decision was that at this time many 
people would be reluctant to answer 
such a question in the census where 
a reply is mandatory. 

A number of national Protestant 
and Jewish groups have strongly 
opposed the question with reference 
to religion, on the grounds that it 
would violate the separation of 
church and state and constitute a 
grave invasion of privacy. Some 
rehgious groups favored such a 
question as a means of securing 
valuable statistical information. 

Reports Increased Church 
Attendance in 1957 

One million more adults attended 
church and synagogue services reg- 
ularly during 1957 than the year 
before, according to a report of 
the American Institute of Public 

Dr. George Gallup, director of 
the institute, said that the institute's 
armual audit of church and syna- 
gogue attendance showed that 
approximately 48,500,000 adults at- 
tended worship in a church or syn- 
agogue during an average week of 
the past year. This represents about 
forty-seven per cent of the total 
U.S. adult civihan population. 

The Gallup PoU report noted that 



there has been a general levehng-off 
in attendance after an upward trend 
for fifteen years. In 1940, slightly 
more than one third of the adult 
population had gone to church or 
synagogue. By 1955, the number 
of adults who went was close to 
fifty per cent. 

The Gallup survey showed that 
Roman CathoUcs were found to be 
more faithful in their church attend- 
ance than Protestants, and that Prot- 
estants attended more often than 
those of the Jewish faith. 

Students Blame Church for 
Their Lack of Commitment 

Some 3,400 Methodist students 
adopted a statement at the close 
of their quadrennial student confer- 
ence, which declared that youths 
belong to an "uncommitted genera- 
tion" because "the church has not 
called us to her Lord or her mission 
clearly enough to excite our re- 
sponse." The students said that the 
church which chides them for their 
uncommitment "proves to be a 
major shimbling block toward 

At their conference they heard 
warnings against nuclear warfare, 
atomic armaments, and overempha- 
sis on scientific education. Dr. Kirt- 
ley F. Mather, professor of geology 
at Harvard University, told them 
that military might can no longer 
be the means of carrying out any 
country's foreign policy. 

Norman Cousins, editor of the 
Saturday Review of Literature, 
called for an immediate halt to 
hydrogen bomb tests by all coun- 
ti'ies, and if necessary by the United 
States alone. He said that in the 
"light of the sacredness of human 
hfe, we must say that we would 
rather die ourselves than use nuclear 
explosions on human beings. Our 
purpose is to serve man, not to 
exterminate him." 

Managing Editor 
of RNS Dies 

Louis Minsky, the man responsi- 
ble for launching and expanding 
Religious News Service, died re- 
cently at the age of forty-eight. The 
only intercreedal rehgious news 
agency in the world, Religious News 
Service was inaugurated to serve 
Protestant, CathoHc, and Jewish 
periodicals as well as to assist secu- 
lar newspapers in the country in 

the coverage of rehgious news. 

Mr. Minsky conceived the ideai 
that there ought to be such a newsi 
agency. He proposed that the Na- 
tional Council of Christians and 
Jews sponsor it. Today the news 
service embraces over 500 domestic 
and foreign correspondents and 
reaches about 125 daily newspapers, 
200 radio and television stations, 
and 350 church periodicals. 

Giving for Religious i 

Purposes Increased 

Giving for religious purposes in 
the United States for 1957 was 
estimated at about $3,425,000,000- 
an increase of nine per cent over 
the previous year, according to the 
Bulletin of the American Association 
of Fund-Raising Counsel. Rehgious 
construction during the year was 
estimated at $870,000,000, most of 
which came from contributions. 

Total philanthropic contributions 
reached a new high for a record 
$6,700,000,000. More than five bil- 
lion of this was given by individuals. 
Giving to higher education was esti- 
mated at more than $6,000,000,000, 
to health and welfare purposes at 
$2,200,000,000, and to hospital con- 
struction at $202,000,000. 

Reports New Crime 
Record in 1957 

The year 1957 saw a new crime 
record established in the United 
States, according to FBI Director 
J. Edgar Hoover. Preliminary figures 
from police departments across the 
nation indicate that approximately 
2,756,000 major crimes were com- 
mitted during the year, exceeding 
by 7.5 per cent the record of 1956. 
There was an increase in 1957 of 
all major crimes except murder. 
The largest increases were being 
recorded in robbery, burglary and 
auto theft. 

Russians Get Christmas 
Creches as Gift From U.S 

Citizens of the Soviet Union re- 
ceived 50,000 Christmas creches as 
a gift from the U.S. Information 
Agency. They are in the form of 
a cardboard cut-out in the January 
issue of Ameryka, Russian-language 
magazine which the agency pub- 
lishes for distribution in the USSR. 
Readers were given instructions on 
how to assemble the manger scene. 

The Russian Orthodox Church 
observed Christmas on January 7. 
rhe January issue of the magazine 
was devoted entirely to a descrip- 
idon of how Americans celebrate 
Christmas. The American embassy 
in Moscow is pennitted to distribute 
50,000 of Ameryka for sale on Sovi- 
et newsstands. In return the Rus- 
sians distribute a similar illustrated 
magazine in the United States. 

Appalachian Religious Project 
Gets $250,000 Grant 

A grant of $250,000 was made 
by the Ford Foundation to the Ap- 
palachian Religious Workers Con- 
ference for an extensive study of 
^the economic, health, education, 
iand religious needs of the Appa- 
lachian people. The two-year proj- 
ect will cover the 234 Appalachian 
Mountain counties hsted in seven 
iSouthem states by the U.S. Census 

Living in the area are about 
8,000,000 people. The seven states 
are Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia, 
West Virginia, North CaroHna, Ala- 
bama, and Georgia. The headquar- 
ters of the study will be at Berea 
College in Kentucky. 

Seminary Enrollment 
Up One Per Cent 

Enrollment in independent the- 
ological seminaries and religious 
training colleges increased one per 
cent at the opening of the 1957-58 
academic year, according to the 
U.S. Office of Education. Enroll- 
ment at theological colleges was 
35,554 for the current term. These 
figures included only the enrollment 
of theological institutions operating 
independently. Seminaries operated 
as graduate departments of uni- 
versities were not included. 

Reports More Than a Billion 
Poimds of Surplus Food 
Donated by U.S. 

More than six and a half billion 
pounds of surplus food were do- 
nated by the Department of Agri- 
culture during the past five years 
for distribution to the needy at 
home and abroad. Secretary of Ag- 
riculture Ezra Taft Benson said, 
"Never in history has a nation been 
more generous in making available 
its food supply to the needy than 
has the United States in the last 
five years." 

Donations from our abundance 
are now going to more than seventy- 

five million needy persons here and 
in foreign countries. The secretary 
said that sixty million persons in 
nearly one hundred countries have 
benefited from the overseas distri- 
bution program. 

News Briefs 

A record budget of $17,500,000 
for the Southern Baptist Convention 
in 1959 has been approved by the 
denomination's executive commit- 
tee. This is an increase of $1,000,- 
000 over the 1958 budget. 

The Supreme Court of Mexico 
has ruled that a recent edict pro- 
hibiting religious broadcasts is 

The Southern Baptist Foreign 
Mission Board has appointed 17 
persons for overseas service, bring- 
ing the number of its active mission- 
aries to 1,188. The board plans 
to have 2,000 active missionaries 
abroad by the end of 1964, in order 
to meet the increase in world 

A total of $1,355,000 was 
collected by the Internal Revenue 
Service during 1956 in taxes from 
business income of otherwise tax- 
exempt charitable corporations. The 

1956 total was less than one tenth 
of one per cent of Internal Revenue 
collections from corporation taxes 
that year. 

Membership in the United Luther- 
an Church in America reached a 
record total of 2,335,352 in 1956, 
representing a gain of more than 
64,000 over the previous year. The 
number of pastors on ULCA rolls 
increased by 124 to a total of 
4,514. Congregations totalled 4,447, 
an increase of 64. 

One and one-fourth billion pounds 
of dried milk has been donated to 
religious and voluntary organiza- 
tions for distribution to needy per- 
sons overseas. The dry nonfat milk 
solids made up one third of the 
total food donations of the program 
of surplus food disposal which is 
now entering its fifth year. 

Evangelist Billy Graham was the 
speaker at a meeting of 3,000 college 
students attending the Student Mis- 
sionary Convention of the Inter- 
Varsity Christian Fellowship, held 
at Champaign, 111. He said, "It is 
time for a great movement to be 
started on the campuses of the 
world that is so much in need of 
Christ but can't wait on older 

Famflt( Fun Fare 

Introducing a new feature in which our readers share their experiences 
in wholesome family fun; why not send information about your best family 
games, songs, contests, and informal worship ideas to the Recreation Depart- 
ment, General Brotherhood Board, 22 S. State Street, Elgin, Illinois? 

Fun at Party Games 

IF YOU are interested in a good mixer for your next party, may I suggest 
a get-acquainted game for you? Upon arrival of most of your guests, 

give each a sheet of mimeograph paper, eight and a half by eleven 
inches. Tell each person to fold his paper in such a way that it would make 
sixteen rectangular sections on the paper. Let each one collect the sig- 
natures of persons in the group whom he does not know. Set a time limit 
for collecting signatures. 

The second part of the game is to tear each of the sixteen sections apart 
and upon a given signal to return those sections to the individuals from 
whom they were collected. In each instance a player must return the names 
to the proper persons. Continue until all signatures have been returned. 

A mixer of this nature tends to break down the formality of the group, 
and your party is off to a good start. A variation is to have sixteen categories 
that involve persons in the group and have those persons sign the spaces on 
each of the papers. For example, the person with the smallest foot, the 
grandmother that has the most grandchildren, someone who has a hole in 
his sock (other than the top of it), a person who has traveled to some 
unique place, etc. These persons could be identified when all sixteen names 
were collected, and it is possible that you have two or three people qualify- 
ing in some of these instances. In this case, it would not be necessary to 
return the slips of paper.— Submitted by Russell Helstern. 

FEBRUARY 8. 1958 






OUR Highland A\enue Church 
of tlie Brethren in Elgin, 111., 
recentl\' held a school of race 
relations. It was an exciting 

\\'ould >ou be willing to live in 
the same cabin in summer camp 
witli a Negro? Would you be will- 
ing to let a Negro cut your hair? 
WoiJd >ou be willing to leave a 
restaurant witli a Negro friend if 
the restaurant wouldn't serve him? 
Would you be willing to protest to 
the restaurant manager? 

Would you be willing to accept 
criticism from your white friends 
for imiting a Negro friend to attend 
your CBYF? from your family? 
from your girl friend or boy friend? 
Would you be willing to invite ( and 
to encourage) a Negro friend to 
membership (or to ask for member- 
ship) in your CBYF or church 
knowing that your friends, your 
family, your girl or boy friend would 
seriously object? Would you be 
willing to do this even though your 
steady girl friend or boy friend 
threatened to drop you? 

If you were pastor of the church 
would you be willing to resign if 
the congregation failed to accept 
a Negro applicant for membership? 

Broken Masks 

These challenging questions were 
inwardly faced by each of us as 
our congregation watched and then 
discussed the dramatic film, The 
Broken Mask, at the first session 
of our school of race relations. Some 
of us discovered our own masks 
of prejudice for the first time, subtle 
masks, masks we didn't even know 
we were wearing. Also we discov- 
ered that Negroes often wear masks 
too. This session of our school be- 
came sort of a "self-examination 

It was preceded by a light Sun- 
day evening meal for whole families 
in the church fellowship hall. After 
the supper, children below the jun- 
ior high age went to their depart- 
mental classrooms for special lessons 
on race relations. The rest of us 
stayed together for the film and 



Washing dishes was a co-operative effort in our Get-Acquainted Fellowship Evening 

A School of Race Relations 



In the Wake of LitUe Rock-Is 
Now the Time for Integration? was 
the subject of our school's second 
session. This was a panel discussion 
which took place on the following 
Friday evening in our sanctuary and 
was sponsored by our city's Council 
of Churches. Several Negroes at- 
tended and participated in the 

The first panelist had recently 
visited the South. He described the 
atmosphere throughout the South 
and North as a result of the Little 
Rock incident. "We can't stand 
still," he said. "We must either 
move forward courageously toward 
integration or we will slide back- 
ward into more hatred and vio- 
lence." He urged that our local 
public schools employ some Negro 
teachers and that our real estate 
brokers help Negroes who desire 
and can afford better housing to 
find it. 

A local real estate broker was 
the second panelist. He pointed out 
that brokers are the servants of their 
clients and that further integration 
in housing will come only as clients 
favor it. "Usually clients fear that 
their property values will go down 

Ralph E. Smeltzer 

if Negroes move into the neighbor- 
hood. However, some Negroes in 
professional occupations recently 
moved into one of our neighbor- 
hoods and this didn't happen." 

Discrimination in Our Town 

The third panelist reported on a 
survey of racial discrimination in 
the city conducted some months 
earlier by the Council of Churches. 
The survey emphasized housing dis- 
crimination as the most prevalent 
form of discrimination. It said that 
real estate brokers had sort of a 
gentlemen's agreement among them- 
selves not to show available housing 
to Negroes in most white areas. 
Public barbershops will not serve 
Negroes. One cemetery refuses to 
bury Negroes. 

One hospital will not train Ne- 
groes for nursing. Several factories 
will not employ Negroes. Some 
recreation places and clubs do not 
accept them. No church prohibits 
Negroes but only three or four so- 
called "white churches" have any 
Negro members. 

The evening proved that there 

-The Church af Work 

were many areas of community life 
where further steps toward integra- 
tion were urgently needed. An in- 
formal refreshment period followed 
jthe meeting. 

i Housing Without Racial Barriers 

Our school's next Sunday evening 
session dealt solely with housing 
integration, Housing Without Ra- 
cial Barriers. One fourth of the 
audience were Negroes. Five pan- 
ehsts, two Negroes and three whites, 
discussed the following questions: 

1. Is there any legal barrier to 
nonwhites buying a house in a white 

2. Why do practically all real 
estate men refuse to show such 
housing to nonwhite clients and ad- 
vise white clients not to sell to 

3. In those cases where non- 
whites have moved into white 
neighborhoods have surrounding 
property values gone down, stayed 
the same, or gone up? What 

4. Do nonwhites "keep up" their 
properties less well, the same as, 
or better than surrounding whites? 
What evidence? Why? 

5. On the average do nonwhites 
pay more, the same as, or less than 
whites for house purchases or rent- 
als? What evidence? Why? 

6. Are Negroes better, the same, 
or poorer credit risks than whites? 
Why? Are they able to pay for 
their homes or keep up their 

7. Do our banking and loaning 
houses loan money to nonwhites to 
buy homes? Where or how do non- 
whites borrow money to buy or 

8. If one nonwhite family moves 
into a neighborhood, will a multi- 
tude follow? 

9. Does a neighborhood lose pres- 
tige if some persons of other races 
move into it? 

10. Is it bad or good to have 
children of different races playing 
together in the same neighborhood? 
We Get Acquainted 

A Get-Acquainted Fellowship 
Evening with the two Negro con- 
gregations of our city was the fourth 
and final session of our school. 
Community singing led by choristers 
from the three congregations started 
off the evening. Then came talks 
of welcome by the three pastors. A 
fifteen-minute film. The Toymaker, 

pointed up the "oneness" of man- 
kind. This was followed by a talent 
program. Each congregation pro- 
vided one or two talent numbers. 
The heart of the evening was the 
fellowship-recreation-refreshment pe- 
riod. The audience was asked to 
count off by tens and to reform 
itself into ten small circles for intro- 
ductions, games, and refreshments. 
Every one of the 257 people present 
went away knowing personally and 
more closely some of their commu- 
nity's neighbors of another race. 
During the fellowship period the 
children below the junior high age 
met in their respective age-group 
classrooms under the leadership of 
teams of white and Negro teachers. 

No Hosts— No Guests 

Committees composed of repre- 
sentatives from each of the three 
congregations planned each aspect 
of the evening's session. The proj- 
ect was a fully co-operative partner- 
ship arrangement — no hosts, no 
guests. Each congregation even 
provided its share of the cakes and 
pies and dishwashers. 

"To increase fellowship among 
members of the three churches as 
individuals rather than as members 
of a group" was the stated purpose 
of the evening. Calling each other 
by first names and discussing plans 
for getting together soon again pro- 
vided some evidence that this piu- 
pose had been achieved. 

National Council Assembly Speaks on Race Relations 

RESPONSIBLE local communi- 
ty action and obedience to 
the mandates of the United 
States Supreme Court in working 
out problems of desegregation were 
urged by the National Council of 
Churches at its general assembly in 
St. Louis, Dec. 2-6. 

"We hope that the necessity of 
further federal enforcement of 
rights can be avoided by the re- 
sponsible action of local authori- 
ties," a resolution declared. 

"We are thankful that churches 
and individual Christians, impelled 
by the mandates of the gospel of 
Christ, are standing for justice along 
with reconciliation, for law along 
with self-discipline. 

"We assure the churches and our 
fellow Christians in these agonizing 
situations of our sympathy and 
prayers, of our resolution to assist 
them in ways that may be helpful, 
including continued practical sup- 
port when they suffer hardship as 
a result of loyalty to Christian 

The council reaffirmed "its re- 
nunciation of the pattern of racial 
segregation, both in the churches 
and in society, as a violation of 
the gospel of love and human 
brotherhood." It urged member 
churches to work for a nonsegre- 
gated society. 

The resolution said segregation is 
"also bad economics, wasteful of 
human resources, makes difficult re- 
lationships with other churches and 
people overseas and is detrimental 
to the development of a healthy 
political life." 

"Many of the member commun- 
ions of the National Council of 
Churches have carried forward 
within the churches active programs 
of social education and action aimed 
at the elimination of segregation in 
all spheres of life. Despite these 
activities, the churches must do far 
more to live up to the responsibil- 
ities of Christian brotherhood. 

"It is encouraging that a large 
number of church groups and oth- 
ers have been speaking out against 
the fact that economic, political, 
and community pressures are being 
applied to thwart desegregation of 
the public schools. These pressures 
deny economic, social, and political 
rights, above all the right to vote, 
threatening the very foundations of 
our nation. They deny such person- 
al rights as freedom of religion and 
conscience, freedom of speech, free- 
dom of peaceable association and 
assembly, and freedom from arbi- 
trary arrest, police brutality, mob 
violence and intimidation. . . . 

The general assembly denounced 
attempts being made to suppress the 
activities of the National Associa- 
tion for the Advancement of Col- 
ored People and other voluntary 
associations by forcing them to re- 
veal their membership lists. While 
the adopted resolution did not men- 
tion the NAACP, it was clear the 
assembly had this organization in 

"These attempts against volun- 
tary associations have occurred par- 
ticularlv in connection with the 

FEBRUARY 8, 1958 


Toward His Kingdom 

desegregation of the public schools," 
the resolution said. 

"Such attempts are a menace to 
the fundamental human rights of 
freedom of peaceable assembly and 
association and freedom of speech 
guaranteed by the constitution. . . . 
From die Christian point of view, 
neither die state nor any group of 
men widiin die state can presume 
to grant or deny these fundamental 

The council said that anon>aTiity 
of membership is necessary for the 
exercise of fundamental human 
rights. It urged churches and 
churchmen to "recognize the gravity 
of the threat to all associations and 

to all hberties when the freedom 
of any legitimate voluntary associa- 
tion is assailed." 

"The freedom of one is the free- 
dom of all," the council said, calhng 
on Christians and other cidzens "to 
use all appropriate means at their 
disposal to prevent or to counteract 
such attacks upon our liberties." 

The National Council of Churches 
took action to make sure that its 
future assemblies will be held "only 
where the prevailing practice in 
restaurants and other public facil- 
ities is service to all people without 
regard to race or color." It acted 
after several Negro delegates to the 
assembly here reported they had 

been refused service in restaurantSH 
and taxis because of their color. 

The Rev. O. Walter Wagner, ex- 
excutive director of the MetropoH- 
tan Church Federation of Greater 
St. Louis, said the coming of thei 
assembly to St. Louis had been "ai 
tremendous witness" to the city. "It 
is because you were able to come 
that the city's hotels were inte- 
grated," he said. 

He reported that more than sixty 
restaurants and dining facihties also 
were made "completely open" to all 
delegates. In its action the council 
urged that delegates, while in St. 
Louis, patronize only eating places 
that serve all people. 

Church School Program 
of Home Co-operation 

C. Ernest Davis 

YOUR program of home co- 
operation should include the 
Cradle Roll and die Home De- 
partment of your church school in 
addition to whatever special classes 
for parents you may run in the main 
school. For the Cradle Roll you 
should use the program suggested 
in our Messages to Parents of Chil- 
dren Under Two. This set of ten 
appropriate messages to parents en- 
ables you to give helpful counsel 
at opportune times. There are also 
two birthday cards for the child 
which, preserved in a baby book, 
will some day bear a testimony of 
the church's loving concern. This 
$1.50 set of materials gives an alert 
cradle-roll superintendent a wonder- 
ful set of tools for use in a fruitful 
ministry to homes where there are 
babies. A full set of instructions 
comes with the set. 

This presentation, however, will 
deal chiefly with the effort of the 
church school to relate itself to those 
people, old enough to be regular 
pupils, who for one reason or anoth- 
er do not or cannot attend the regu- 
lar sessions of the school. 

Finding the Members 

Who are these people? (1) The 
parents of very young children who 
for the present are unable to attend 
regular classes because the baby's 
schedule for eating and sleeping 
interferes, not to mention a dozen 



A visitor and a 

home department 

student study the 

church school 

lesson together 

other hindrances. (2) Those kept 
away by their work. Some people 
have work hours that make it 
impossible for them to attend. Tele- 
phone operators, hotel clerks, fire- 
men, policemen, nurses, and railway 
employees may be in this class. (3) 
The isolated person. Some people 
live so far away that attendance 
is not possible. You may even have 
to serve some of these people by 
mail. (4) Shut-ins. These may be 
either temporary or permanent in 
their disability. In either case they 
need our attention and special care. 
(5) The aged and infirm. These 
people may not be invalids or shut- 
ins, but failure of sight, hearing, or 
bodily strength may make it difficult 
or inadvisable for them to attend 
public functions. (6) Inactive or 
prospective members. These may 
be former members who have 
dropped out; they may be people 
who do not attend any church or 
Sunday school; they may be new 
people in the community. Our first 

effort and our eventual aim is to 
get them into the regular program. 
An initial step may be the securing 
of their participation in your Home 
Department program. Liking what 
they discover there, they may move 
on into the regular school activities. 

You can make certain checks to 
help you discover these people so 
that you can approach them. Scan 
the class membership rolls for peo- 
ple who temporarily are not attend- 
ing for valid reasons. If they are 
likely to be kept away for some 
time, the Home Department should 
offer to take over for the duration 
of their absence. Check the church 
membership roll for inactive mem- 
bers or isolated individuals and fam- 
ilies. Watch for famihes with yoimg 
babies. The children's department 
may furnish you the names of par- 
ents who do not attend church 
school but have children in the 

Surveys and personal observa- 
tion will reveal unchurched people 

-The Church at Work 

lin the community. There are many 
jways of learning about new people 
in the community. Your pastor will 
know about the aged and shut-ins 
lof the church and community. 
Adult classes could be asked to sug- 
jgest names of prospects. In many 
jways you should seek to discover 
J those people to whom your Home 
3 Department could oflFer a ministry. 
? The organization for the depart- 
^ment can be very simple: a super- 
,intendent and a staff of visitors. 
j Each new member of the depart- 
'ment should receive a special wel- 
icome in addition to that given him 
[by the visitor. Such a welcome 
I could be a visit from the department 
I superintendent or the pastor. 

Printed Aids 

Perhaps your school will want to 
provide a simple enlistment blank 
and an attractive membership card. 
There is an advantage in having 
; these especially designed for your 
own congregation. 

You will want to keep some sort 
of records which show the visitors' 
calls and the responses of the stu- 
dents. Offering envelopes should be 
supplied for the convenience of the 
Home Department students. 

When it comes to study materials, 
you may find it advisable to use the 
Brethren Bible Study Monthhj and 
its successor the Church of the 
Brethren Leader for adults who pur- 
sue the International Uniform Les- 
sons. It is much better for this 
purpose than the quarterly because 
of the additional comments and 
helps it contains. It will give the 
home department pupil some of the 
values he would gain from the 
teacher's presentation of the lesson 
and the discussion in a regular class. 
Children should have the appropri- 
ate materials from either the group, 
or closely-graded series, as may be 
preferred. Youth will like the Youth 

Adults or young people who de- 
sire to do so should be encouraged 
to take elective courses such as the 
Old and New Testament courses 
and the courses on the prophets, 
Paul, and Jesus from the Standard 
Leadership Curriculum. Many oth- 
er possibilities for electives can be 
secured from the oflBces of the 
Christian Education Commission of 
the General Brotherhood Board. 

In addition to study materials, 
suitable religious magazines should 
be made available to the pupil. 

These might well be Tell Me for 
young children, Journeys for juniors, 
Friends for junior high pupils. Hor- 
izons for young people, and The 
Gospel Messenger and The Chris- 
tian Home for adults. 

Concern and Imagination Will Do It 

A department that really wants 
to serve might promote hobbies for 
those who are confined to their 
homes and cut off from the normal 
interests and contacts of life; insti- 
tute a library service; and hold some 
special meetings for worship, dis- 
cussion, and social fellowship for 
people whose responsibilities and 
schedules do not permit their at- 
tendance at the regular services and 
activities of the church and its or- 
ganizations. Do everything you can 
to bring the privileges of the church 
to your pupils. The Home Depart- 
ment is really the extension depart- 

ment of the church school and must 
work to bring all it can of the 
offerings of the church's educational 
program to those whom it serves. 

Some schools use the technique 
of making the home department 
pupil an associate member of the 
class to which he would belong if 
he were in regular attendance. The 
class tries to include him in its 
fellowship and social program. 
Members of the class try to get 
acquainted with him. If the home 
department pupil ever does attend 
the school, there will be a group 
in which he will already feel 
somewhat at home. 

Let the chuich school be genu- 
inely interested in people and con- 
sciously try to serve those who find 
it hard to engage in the regular 
program. We are to go even into 
the highways and hedges in our 
ministry to people. 

Other Services to Shut-ins 

IN ADDITION to the special 
services the church school can 
render to shut-ins, there are a 
number of other things the pastor 
and congregation can do to make 
life more interesting for those con- 
fined to their homes and sometimes 
to their beds. 

The first thing is to visit these 
people. Life can get rather monoto- 
nous when, as one man said, "AU 
I can do is to lie here and meditate 
on the past and contemplate the 
future." They need something to 
occupy and give meaning to the 
present. Visits do that. A visitor 


Religious News Service 

A visitor brings news oi the outside, the touch of a friend and of 
society, and something to think about when the visitor is gone 

FEBRUARY 8, 1958 


Toward His Kingdom 

brings news of the outside, the 
touch of a friend and of society, 
and something to think about when 
the visitor is gone. Msits should be 
made not only by the pastor but 
b\ others also. \'ariet>- is the spice 
of life. The shut-in needs more than 
one contact with the outside world. 
Here is a \\orth>- ministry for the 
la>inan, one recommended in the 
New Testament. 

One need not go empty-handed. 
A book or magazine that can be 
looked at and enjo\ed will give 
happy hours after the visitor is gone. 
Flowers are also appreciated. If 
>ou grow them yourself, so much 
the better. 

There is one caution about visit- 
ing. Do not always go on the same 
day. Don't create a regular pattern 
which the shut-in can predict. If 
you don't come, he is disappointed 
and concerned. Have an irregular 
pattern; then your visit is a happy 
surprise. However, do not let the 
absence of a grooved pattern mean 

Sending the local church bulletin 
to shut-ins helps to keep them on 
board as to what is going on in 
the congregation. Then, if a tape 
recording of the Sunday service or 
some special event is taken to them 
from time to time, you are really 
ministering to their social and spir- 
itual needs. Some older adults have 
a hobby of doing this. They should 
be encouraged. It is a doubly 
blessed ministry. 

It would bolster the self-respect 
of many shut-ins if they could do 
something useful for the church. 
Often a little thought and ingenuity 
on our part would open the way. 
Shut-ins are being used to do such 
things as addressing and stuffing en- 
velopes for a church mailing, mak- 
ing telephone calls, and maintaining 
prayer lists. 

For many years. Brethren minis- 
ters have taken the communion 
service to shut-ins who were unable 
to attend the love feast held the 
previous evening. This has meant 
a spiritual blessing to individuals 
deprived of much that the rest of 
us tend to take for granted. This 
is getting over into a specialized 
pastoral ministry that includes also 
the anointing service. All of us can, 
at least to a degree, carry out the 
other suggestions.— C.E.D. 

John Horning 
Students at Calderon learn to create beauty in arts and crafts class 


The Last Day of School 



SUNDAY morning, July 7, 
dawned bright and clear, and 
in the Calderon homes people 
were astir before the dawn. Today, 
after weeks of waiting, was the big 
day. Soon, from all directions, fam- 
ilies began their long walk toward 
school, mothers carrying babies on 
their backs, and little children plod- 
ding along the road; they were 
all eager to see how their children 
would get along in their examina- 
tions. And how would their school 
rate this year? Would it be as good 
as last year? 

In the homes of the missionaries 
and teachers the same questions 
were being discussed at the early 
breakfast table: What would the in- 
spectors be like this year? Would 
the school receive a good rating? 
Would the teachers be given a good 
report? Yes, this was a very impor- 
tant day in the life of all those 
concerned with the school and tlie 

Juan Benalcazar, director of the 
school, left early to bring the in- 
spectors from Quito. He was ex- 
pected to return by seven-thirty; so 
before that the missionaries, Holland 
and Jo Flory, Wilma and George 
Kreps, and Edna Switzer had break- 
fasted and were waiting in the 
schoolyard to greet them. Faye 
Benalcazar was detained at the mis- 
sion by some early patients. 

Waiting in the schoolyard, too, 

Mary K. Burley 

were the teachers and the children, 
all dressed up in their nicest 
clothes — a stranger might have 
thought it was fiesta time. 

"There come the inspectors!" 
The word passed quickly around 
the court, and each one got ready 
to do his part in the welcome. The 
children sang the national anthem 
of Ecuador and also of Colombia. 
The small organ had been moved 
out to the school veranda, so that 
Jo Flory could accompany the sing- 
ing, as Matilde Benalcazar, Juan's 
wife, led them. How those children 
sang! Even the teachers were sur- 
prised, though they had been re- 
hearsing them for weeks— all year, 
in fact. The inspectors were 
obviously pleased. 

And now it was time to begin 
the examining. Hector Benalcazar, 
first grade teacher, brought the first 
grade children quickly into the 
school chapel. As they went to their 
small chairs on the platform, the 
inspectors sat down at the long table 
in front. Parents and friends sat 
on the chapel benches to watch and 
listen. The inspectors laid out their 
many papers and gave a signal to 
Hector to begin. (It was good that 
Hector was first because he is a 
teacher with years of experience, 
and not easily fussed. ) 

First, the children sang two 

-The Church of Work 

! songs, then had a reading lesson. 
One book was passed around for 
the diflFerent children to read. (No 
i class has enough books for each 
child to have one; that would be 
itoo expensive. Most of the work 
jis done with the teacher lecturing, 
land the children taking notes.) 
JAfter reading came arithmetic. As 
I Hector asked them questions and 
[the different children answered, the 
ieyes of the parents shone with 
ipride. When Hector had finished 
with his questions, then it was the 
inspectors' turn. 

Next came the second grade with 
Seiiorita Helena Villavicenso, a be- 
ginning teacher. In spite of her 
youth and inexperience, she got 
along very well. When the sefiorita 
had finished, again the inspectors 
asked questions. It had now be- 
come evident to the school staff 
and to the missionaries that one 
of the inspectors was going to be 
"difficult." He spoke sharply to the 
children, and seemed to be looking 
for errors on the part of the teachers 
as well. 

The third and fourth grades, 
taught by Alberto Ronquillo, did 
well during their examination, too. 
Then it was lunch time. 

During the first examination, the 
church people who were not directly 
involved in the school program went 
to the large room in the workshop 
for the morning church service. The 
worship was led by a young man 
from Calderon, one of the newer 
members of the church. Jaime 
Redin played his guitar to accom- 
pany the singing. (Jaime was then 
co-minister with George Kreps, and 
is now the minister of the Church 
of Calderon.) Jo Flory gave the 
morning message, illustrating her 
talk with pictures to make it more 
understandable to the church mem- 
bers, most of whom are illiterate. 

The examining was adjourned un- 
til three in the afternoon. The stu- 
dents were served a plate lunch 
and sat with their families around 
the schoolyard. Each family had 
brought its own lunch; lunch hour 
was a real visiting time. In the 
school lunch room two long tables 
were nicely arranged to serve the 
teachers, missionaries, and guests. 
Among the visitors were Benton and 
Ruby Rhoades and their children 
from Quito, Betty and Paul Streich, 
long-time friends of the missionaries 
at Calderon from the United An- 

Calderon students 
in the schoolyard 

Thomas R. Riethof 

dean mission at Uyumbicho, and 
the mayor of Calderon. The boun- 
tiful meal had been planned, pre- 
pared, and was served by parents 
of the school children. During the 
meal two young men, brotliers of 
students, played a guitar and an 

In the late afternoon there was 
more examining, first the fifth grade, 
taught by Tomas Mosquera, and 
then the sixth, by Juan Benalcazar. 
Both of these classes did more diffi- 
cult work, especially in arithmetic 
and in social studies, than the same 
grades would do in a school in the 
United States. 

Everyone was relieved when the 
sixth grade finished shortly after six 
o'clock, for all were growing weary 
by then. An interesting part of the 
sixth grade examination was Juan's 
having George Kreps ask some 
questions in English. The boys and 
girls answered in both English and 

But the day's activities were not 
over, yet. Now came the school's 
program for the parents. The school 
veranda became the platform and 
the parents and guests sat in the 
court. The children sang several 
songs and then each grade did 
something special to entertain and 
interest the audience. The program 
lasted about two hours, and then 
the famihes, weary but happy, 
started their long walk home. 

The invited guests, the teachers 
and their wives, the inspectors, and 
the missionaries went to the Flory 
home where supper was served. It 
was a good opportunity to talk with 
the inspectors to get some idea what 
their report would be, as well as 
to relax after a tiring day. By 
ten-thirty all had gone to their own 

homes, each to his well-earned rest. 
Three days later the report 
came— the school and the teachers 
received a first rating! The long 
hours of preparation and careful 
work had brought their reward, not 
only in the lives of the boys and 
girls, but also in the standing of 
the school. Good education con- 
tinues "south of the border," for 
world brotherhood and Christian 

Nigerian Church 
Shows Growth 

Charles M. Bieber 

BRETHREN met in district con- 
ference at Garkida the last 
week of October, under the 
Lordship of Christ. The District 
Council, representing all of the 
twelve congregations of the Church 
of the Brethren in Nigeria, with 
forty-one voting members, looked 
inward, outward, and upward, 
heard reports, and made plans. 

Perhaps the most important single 
aspect of the meeting was the de- 
termination, in full awareness of the 
great need for leadership, to go 
forward with plans to set up a new 
Bible school. The delegates pledged 
their churches to raise $1,000 or 
more in 1958 for the erection of 
the first dormitory of the school 
for the development of lay church 
leadership. They sent an urgent 
call to America for evangelistic per- 
sonnel that the school may be 
staflFed. They also seek help from 
America for the building of the 
school and staff residence. 

To meet the same need for lead- 

FEBRUARY 8, 1958 


Toward His Kingdom 

ership, a representati\e was chosen 
for the Board of Goxemors of tlie 
Theological College of Northern Ni- 
geria. The Church in Nigeria has 
given full sanction to this co-opera- 
tive venture, although the Foreign 
Mission Commission has not yet 
gi\'en full approval for mission 

The reports of the churches 
showed a 42 per cent increase in 
total active membership to 3,373 
baptized Christians. More than 
1,000 had been baptized in the year 
which ended on Sept. 30. Another 
2,000 persons have taken the cov- 
enant, and most of these are now 
preparing for baptism. 

But even more important than 
these figures were the signs of 
growth in the work which the 
church is doing. In addition to sup- 
porting fully six Nigerian pastors. 
Brethren in Nigeria gave more than 
$560 this year for the support of 
the Bible school families. They pro- 
vided about four fifths of the sup- 
port for home mission work in some 
214 village areas, where nearly 
12,000 persons hear the gospel 

Reaching beyond their own area, 
the church in Nigeria this year con- 
tributed more than $170 to the 
Brotherhood Fund. They sent an 
additional $67 to aid in the support 
of Nigerian missionaries to the 
Darfur in the Sudan. Hearing of 
the need for support for delegates 
to the All-Africa Conference in Jan- 

Blessed Are the Peace- 
makers, a litany-play on 
world brotherhood, com- 
piled by Mrs. Lois Naf- 
zinger, of Chesapeake City, 
Md., is now available at 
five cents per copy from 
Church of the Brethren, 
General Offices, Elgin, III. 
Women's work groups and 
others planning programs 
on Brethren Service work 
and Brethren Volunteer 
Service may find this a 
helpful program. It will 
appear in the 1958 Aid- 
Service Packet and the Re- 
lief, Rehabihtation and 
Social Service Packet. 

uary, they promptly gave $28 for 
the purpose. Hearing of the oppor- 
tunity to help with the building of 
a new chapel for the co-operative 
Christian hospital at Umuahia, they 
promptly gave $28 for this. 

Definite plans were made for the 
organization of two new congrega- 
tions within the district. Plans are 
also in process for the opening of 
as many as five more during the 
next year. 

The concern for fellowship with 
other churches and sharing with 
other churches was expressed in 
three ways. A fraternal delegate 
was appointed to attend the con- 
ference of the Church of Christ 
in the Sudan, Benue District. A 
representative was named to join 
a group presenting the case for 
religious freedom before the govern- 
ment's Commission on Minorities. 
(This latter commission is making 
a study on the needs for safeguard- 
ing minority rights in the new 
constitution, a study of deep impor- 
tance in this country where the 
Christian group is a small minority.) 
In addition six delegates were 

chosen to attend the meeting of 
the Fellowship of Churches of 
Christ in the Sudan (T.E.K.A.S.) ■ 
in February. 

Two serious problems were pre- 
sented for which no solution has! 
yet been found. The concern of 
the group was expressed that there 
has been considerable increase in 
the use of beer and tobacco by our 
Christian people. The concern was 
also expressed that the work of the 
evangelist in the outvUlage tends to 
reach the child, but to overlook the 
adult. Means are being sought to 
make the ministry to youth and 
adults more effective, while at the 
same time reaching children. 

The council meeting was notable 
for the air of confidence of the 
delegates, for the gratitude which 
they expressed for the way in which 
God is blessing their efforts, and 
for the serious and thoughtful ap- 
proach which they made to their 
problems and their planning. These 
are Brethren, come together with 
a purpose, and determined to ad- 
vance in Nigeria under the Lordship 
of Christ. 

Reviews of Recent Books ' 

Books are reviewed here as a service to the church. A review does not necessarily 
constitute an unqualified recommendation. Purchase can be made through the Breth- 
ren Publishing House, Elgin, Illinois. Titles recommended for church libraries are 
marked with an asterisk (*). — ^Editor. 



David Livingstone— His Life and 
Letters. George Seaver. Harpers, 
1957. 650 pages. $6.95. 

This book is a thorough biography 
of the great missionary who first 
brought the Christian faith to the 
heart of Africa. The materials in it 
are gleaned from newly released vital 
journals and letters. The person of 
Livingstone is recreated as a medical 
missionary, a crusader against the 
slave trade and racial hate, a linguist, 
a geographer, an explorer, and a 
naturalist. This is a great mixture to 
make this book an engrossing story 
of adventure, religious devotion, 
social history, and character study. 
—Anna Warstler. 

Vacation Church School in Chris- 
tian Education. Elsie Miller Butt. 
Abingdon, 1957. 192 pages. $2.00. 

A leadership education text de- 
scribing what makes up a good vaca- 
tion church school. Firsthand 
accounts are given of actual visits to 
a kindergarten and a junior depart- 
ment, showing the principles that 
should apply in working with chil- 

dren at various age levels. Guidance! 
is given in helping teachers see what]! 
part special events play in relation ji 
to a well-rounded vacation church ^ 
school program. Other chapters S 
show how the vacation church school 3 
belongs to the church, to the com--- 
munity, to the home, and what itsH 
past history has done to lay a founda-f 
tion for the present and the future.- 
Practical guidance is given to showi 
how to discover and enlist, ti^ain,! 
and supervise leaders.— Mary E.f 
Spessard. \ 

The Promise of Prayer. John L.t 
Casteel. Association Press, 1957. 125^ 
pages. 50c. 

This is the finest condensed bookj; 
that has come into my hands inii 
recent months. It is based on the':' 
author's full length book, Rediscover- 1- 
ing Prayer. 

Beneath the "light-minded reH-i- 
giosity" of today the writer senseai 
an "oceanic" yearning of the minds;> 
and hearts of men towards Godf 
which is "more than matched fromi 
God's side, by his promises. . . . 

For those who are ready to give 
serious consideration to the life of 
prayer this volume is written. 

Accordingly, the puipose of the 
book is to provide an understanding 
of and a guide to prayer for the 
sincere and serious Christian. 

The first part of the book offers 
an understanding of the nature of 
prayer, as communion, as adoration 
and thanksgiving, and as asking and 
receiving. In the second part the 
reader is shown the steps in training 
for prayer, the nature and practice 
of communal prayer, and devotional 
resources for nourishing the prayer 

Here is a book for those who wish 
to rediscover prayer, or to discover 
it if they have never known its 
power. It will not give all the an- 
swers but will whet the appetite 
for actual experience in prayer and 
provide a steppingstone to other 
books which deal with the life of 
prayer in more detail.— David J. 
Wieand, Lombard, 111. 

Through the Year With Christ. 
Edwin C. Munson. Augustana 
Press, 1957. 383 pages. $3.50. 
i Edwin C. Munson, for the past 
twenty-two years pastor of St. John's 
Augustana Lutheran Church of 
Rock Island, III., is a scholar and 
a churchman. In this book of ser- 
mons on the church year, he gives 
excellent messages which are BibH- 
cal and sound, which are both help- 
ful and enhghtening. He avoids the 
controversial excesses which lead to 
confusion and difficulty. His in- 
sights on matters of war and vio- 
lence, the second advent, and other 
such concerns are wholesome and 
belpful. For one seeking good ex- 
position on themes of the liturgical 
church year, this book is helpful.— 
Charles E. Zunkel. 

Signs in the Storm. Joseph Nemes. 
A.bingdon Press, 1957. 224 pages. 

Joseph Nemes, a Hungarian es- 
capee from a Communist prison, is 
I devout Christian. He wrote the 
Dook with the purpose of testifying 
hat faith in God and complete sub- 
nission to God's will sustained him 
luring his imprisonment and di- 
rected him in his miraculous escape, 
rhe book gives his own experience, 
Jut he has dedicated it "to the 
nemory of the nameless hundreds 
)f thousands who have died under 
Ilommunist brutality and to the mil- 
ions who have suffered and are still 
uffering under their merciless rule." 

It is not easy to read this man's 

story. It is an account so filled with 
the facts of injustice, inhuman treat- 
ment, and deliberate torture that 
one can scarcely read more than a 
chapter at a time. The reader is 
almost tempted at times to doubt 
whether any human being could sub- 
ject another human to such extreme 
physical pain and mental agony. 
Even so, you know that Nemes has 
written with constraint and with no 
feeling of resentment. You are con- 
vinced that the book speaks the 

Because of the author's Christian 
spirit, it becomes increasingly clear 
that the book is a revelation of the 
Communist system— a system that 
is diametrically opposed to Christi- 
anity.— Aneita C. Mow, Elgin, III. 


Asbaugh, Mabon S., son of John 
Elmer and Pearl Pierce Ashbaugh, was 
born Sept. 24, 1890, and died Nov. 
16, 1957. He was a member of tlae 
Purchase Line church. Surviving are 
his wife, Leda, two sons, seven daugh- 
ters, four brothers, and twenty-nine 
grandchildren. Funeral services were 
held in the Robinson-Lytle's funeral 
home by Bretliren J. I. Thomas and L. 
A. Lentz.— Mrs. Lyie Wise, Clymer, Pa. 
Beery, Barbara Ehzabetli, daughter 
of Samuel and Ellen Shafer, was born 
in Miami County, Ohio, Sept. 1, 1880, 
and died July 30, 1957. At the age of 
twelve, she united with the Church 
of the Brethren. On July 20, 1899, she 
was married to I. R. Beery. Since 
1932, she and her husband served 
in the pastoral ministry in Southern, 
Northwestern, and Northeastern Ohio 
until 1949 when they retired. Sur- 
viving are her husband, three children, 
eight grandchildren, and six great- 
grandchildren. Funeral services were 
conducted in the Pleasant Hill church 
by Bro. R. O. Shank and the under- 
signed.— Samuel J. Adams, Pleasant 
Hill, Ohio. 

Behm, Jessie Myrtle, daughter of 
Austin and Mary Penrose Claar, was 
born in April 1891, in Bedford County, 
Pa., and died at Gettysburg, Pa., 
Sept. 29, 1957. She was a member 
of the Gettysburg church. Surviving 
are her husband, Harry, three daugh- 
ters, six grandchildren, one brother, 
and two sisters. Funeral services were 
held in the Kisinger funeral home in 
Brownsville, Pa. by Rev. Paul Dip- 
polito. Interment was in the Lafayette 
Memorial Park cemetery.— Mrs. John 
E. Trostle, Gettysburg, Pa. 

Brant, Duane Elroy, infant son of 
Robert S. and Helen Long Brant of 
Somerset, Pa., was born Sept. 24, 1957, 
and died in Pittsburgh, Pa. He is sur- 
vived by his parents, one brother, and 
four grandparents. Funeral services 

were held in the Hauger funeral home 
by Bro. Fred Seese. Burial was in the 
Somerset County Memorial Park.— Mrs. 
L. A. Bowman, Stoystown, Pa. 

Breidenstine, Jon Henry, son of 
Luetta Keller and J. Henry Breiden- 
stine, died in Lancaster, Pa., at the 
age of twenty-one years. He had been 
a member of the Lebanon church since 
the age of twelve. He is survived by 
his mother, one brother, and one sister. 
Memorial services were held in the 
Christman funeral home by tlie under- 
signed. Interment was in the Midway 
cemetery.— Carl W. Zeigler, Lebanon, 

Conner, Samuel S., M.D., son of 
Abraham L. and Lavina Conner, was 
born at Royersford, Pa., July 12, 1881, 
and died Nov. 12, 1957. In 1914 he 
came to Waynesboro to engage in the 
general practice of medicine and later 
as an eye specialist. He graduated 
from Bridgewater College, Va., and 
the Medical College at Richmond, and 
took work at Wilmer Eye Institute at 
John Hopkins Hospital. Surviving are 
his wife, Elva, two sons, and two 
sisters. Funeral services were held by 
Brethren George L. Detweiler and 
DeWitt L. Miller in the Waynesboro 
church, of which he was a member. 
Burial was in the Green Hill cemetery. 
—Lillian R. Good, Waynesboro, Pa. 

Dagostino, Larry Fortunato, infant 
son of Fortunato and Joycelyn Caton 
Dagostino, was born Oct. 21, 1957, 
and died Dec. 8, 1957, in Windber, Pa. 
He is survived by his parents, one 
brother, two sisters, maternal grand- 
parents, and paternal grandmother. 
Funeral services were held in the Meek 
funeral home by Bro. A. Jay Replogle. 
Interment was in the Berkey cemetery. 
-Mrs. L. Ernest Ott, Windber, Pa. 

Ellenberger, Jacob R., son of Aaron 
and Eliza Ellenberger, was born Oct. 9, 
1874, near Plattsburg, Mo., and died 
Nov. 7, 1957. He was married to Mary 
Lohman on Oct. 9, 1895. She preceded 
him in death on Sept. 24, 1947. He 
and his wife were active members of 
the Wiley church, Colo., where he 
held various offices from song leader 
to Sunday-school superintendent. Sur- 
viving are five sons, two daughters, 
fifteen grandchildren, and fourteen 
great-grandchildren.— Nellie L. Miller, 
Wiley, Colo. 

Fike, William Albert, son of Jacob 
S. and Emma Plough Fike, was born 
at Waterloo, Iowa, Dec. 18, 1891, and 
died at Portland, Oregon, Sept. 10, 
1957. He is survived by three sisters. 
Burial was in the Rock Lake, N. Dak., 
cemetery.— Mrs. Mae Santman, Rock 
Lake, N. Dak. 

Frymyer, Lester K., son of Samuel 
and Annie Keller Frymyer, was bom 
in Eplirata, Pa., and died in Reams- 
town, on Nov. 17, 1957, at the age of 
fifty-three years. He is survived by 

FEBRUARY 8, 1958 


For Superintendents 


Tliis handy guide offers for 
each Sunday all die lesson refer- 
ences and additional references 
for the home study of the Sunday- 
school lesson; prayer suggestions; 
a suggestion for the superintend- 
ent's lesson, the appropriate 
type of hymns, a weekly quiet 
meditation. There are also timely 
monthly suggestions, a program 
for the monthly workers' confer- 
ence, quarterly orders of service, 
and special features such as sug- 
gestions for reference books, and 
maps. Blank pages are provided, 
too, for the superintendent's sta- 
tistical records. 75c 

Church of the Brethren 

General Offices 

Elgin, Illinois 

one .sister and two brotliers. Funeral 
services were held in the Good funeral 
home by Elder J. A. Robinson. In- 
terment was in the Mohler cemetery 
near Ephrata.— Mabel M. Myer, Eph- 
rata. Pa. 

Fyock, Jacob I., son of S. L. and 
Lydia Fyock, was born March 2, 1895, 
in Glen Gampbell, Pa., and died in 
Pittsburgh, Pa., Oct. 13, 1957. Sur- 
viving are his wife, Cora, two sons, 
two daughters, twelve grandchildren, 
two sisters, and one brother. He was 
a long-time member of the Purchase 
Line church. Funeral services were 
held in the Rairigh funeral home in 
Hillsdale, Pa., by Brethren J. I. Thomas 
and David Emerson. Interment was in 
the Marion Center cemetery.— Mrs. 
Lulu Wise, Clymer, Pa. 

Gammon, William Clyde, was born 
near Bean Station, Tenn., July 15, 1880, 
and died July 1, 1957. Surviving are 
his wife, Cora, one brother, one sister, 
and two half sisters. Funeral services 
were conducted by Brethren Claude F. 
Dadisman and Elmon Sutphin of Wat- 
erford, Calif.— Cora Gammon, Water- 
ford, Calif. 



Gibson, Leona Ellen, daughter of 
Alice and Benjamin Filburn, was born 
June 28, 1884, and died Dec. 1, 1957. 
She was married to Frank Gibson, and 
they spent thirty-five years serving 
the Miami church, N. Mex. Surviving 
are two daughters, four grandchildren, 
and two brothers. Services were held 
at the Berry funeral home, Virden, 111., 
by Bro. Ralph Anderson. Further serv- 
ices and burial were in Miami, N. 
Mex.— Mrs. J. H. Harshbarger, Virden, 

Grogan, Luke, son of WiUiam and 
Mary Grogan, was born Oct. 18, 1876, 
in Clinton County, Mo., and died Dec. 
2, 1957. He was a member of the 
Plattsburg church for sixty years and 
held the office of deacon. Surviving are 
one son and daughter, three sisters, 
eight grandchildren, and twelve great- 
grandchildren. Funeral services were 
held in the church by Bro. Guy H. 
Brammell. Interment was in the 
church cemetery.— Mrs. Pauline Coch- 
ran, Lathrop, Mo. 

Hacker, Lizzie, daughter of Ephraim 
and Mary Ann Bollinger Brubaker, was 
born Oct. 11, 1882, and died Nov. 2, 
1957. She was a member of the Church 
of the Brethren for sixty years. She 
was married to Harry H. Hacker in 
1903, and with him was elected to the 
office of deacon in 1905. Surviving are 
her husband, one daughter, one son, 
three grandchildren, and three great- 
grandchildren. Funeral services were 
held in the Myerstown church by 
Elder S. G. Longenecker, Bro. Milo 
Lehman of the Mennonite church, and 
the undersigned. Burial was in the 
Heidelberg cemetery.— Frank H. Lay- 
ser, Myerstown, Pa. 

Haller, Newton, son of Franklin and 
Kate Hurst Haller, was born in East 
Earl Township, Pa., and died Nov. 
12, 1957, at the age of seventy-six 
years. He was a member of the 
Ephrata church. He was married to 
Emma Kilhefner. Surviving are his 
wife, two daughters, three sons, si.xteen 
grandchildren, twenty-one great grand- 
children, one great-great-grandchild, 
one sister, and one brother. Funeral 
services were held in the Harold E. 
Miley funeral home by Elder J. A. 
Robinson. Burial was in the Cedar 
Hill cemetery.— Mabel M. Myer, Eph- 
rata, Pa. 

Hoffman, Kyrle D., son of David and 
Cora Stavel Hoffman, died Nov. 29, 
1957, at the age of forty-six years. He 
was a member of the Zoars Lutheran 
church at Mount Zion. Surviving are 
his wife, Irene, three daughters, three 
grandchildren, and two half brothers. 
Funeral services were held at the 
Merkey Church of the Brethren by 
Rev. Donald A. Steward, pastor of 
Zoar's Lutheran church, and Elder 
Conway Bennett. Interment was in 
the Merkey cemetery. — Mrs. Carl 
Brightbill, Myerstown, Pa. 

Kauffman, Ida M., daughter of Jacob 
and Maria Frick Bonebrake, was born 

July 31, 1862, near Rouzerville, Pa,; 
and died Dec. 18, 1957. Her husbanci 
preceded her in death by forty-fouj 
years. She was a member of th( 
Waynesboro church. Surviving are foui 
sons and one daughter. Funeral serv^ 
ices were held in the Grove funera 
home by Bro. George L. Detweiler 
Interment was in the Green Hill ceme- 
tery.— Lillian R. Good, Waynesboro, Pa 
KauflFman, Mary, was born Nov. 6 
1887, and died Oct. 26, 1957. She wa: 
a faithful member of the church. Sur 
viving are her husband, five sons, twi 
daughters, twenty grandchildren, eigh 
teen great-grandchildren, and on( 
brother. Funeral services were hek 
at the Spring Run church by Brethrei 
Norman Patrick and Paul Forney. In 
terment was in the adjoining cemetery 
—Mrs. John Swope, Union Deposit, Pa 
Kelchner, Nathan, died Nov. 15 
1957, at the age of ninety-two years ii 
Rahway, N. J. He was a member o 
the Church of the Brethren for men 
than sixty-five years. He was a charte 
member of the Lebanon church. Sur 
viving are four sons, two daughters 
nineteen grandchildren, and twenty 
three great-grandchildren. Memoria 
services were held in the Koch funera 
home by the undersigned and Bro; 
George Landis of the Amwell church | 
N. J. Burial was in Midway cemetery.- 
Carl W. Zeigler, Lebanon, Pa. 

Lindenberger, Mary Barton, daughtei! 
of Elmer and Alice McCormick Dun- 
mire, was born Oct. 12, 1886, and died 
Nov. 14, 1957. She was married first 
to Charles Barton and then to Robert 
Lindenberger, both of whom preceded 
her in death. She was a faithful mem- 
ber of the Spring Run church. She is 
survived by one son, one daughter, and 
three stepchildren. Funeral services 
were held in the Spring Run church by 
Bro. D. Luke Bowser and Lawrence 
Ruble. Interment was in the Spring 
Run cemetery.— Lawrence Ruble, Mc-i 
Veytown, Pa. 

Livengood, A. G., son of Elijah andi 
Caroline Yoder Livengood, was bom 
Dec. 15, 1880, in Elk Lick Township,' 
Pa., and died Nov. 11, 1957. He was 
married to Elizabeth Morran, who pre-; 
ceded him in death. He was a member 
of the Salisbury church. Surviving are 
three daughters, one brother, and one 
sister. Funeral services were conducted 
in the Thomas funeral home by Rev. 
G. E. Bowersox. Interment was in the 
lOOF cemetery.— Mrs. Mary E. Da\'is,|i 
Salisbury, Pa. 

Long, Reba E., daughter of Otho and: 
Laura Fahrney Slifer, died Nov. 7. 
1957, aged sixty-seven years. On Jan. 
3, 1912, she was united in marriage tc 
Brown C. Long. She was a member of 
the Manor church for fifty-five years. 
Surviving are her husband, two daugh- 
ters, three sons, ten grandchildren, one 
great-grandson, three sisters, and one 
brother. Funeral services were held at 
the Manor church by Brethren J. Row- 
land Reichard and Charles W. GreenI 

[nterment was in the Manor cemetery. 
-Naomi H. Coffman, Hagerstown, Md. 

Meador, Edward, son of Arthur and 
Myrtle Meador, was born in Lanark, 
III., Oct. 31, 1938, and died Oct. 27, 
1957. He was married to Beverly Peiper 
on Aug. 5, 1955. Surviving are his wife, 
Dne son, his parents, and four brothers. 
He was a member of the Cherry Grove 
ihurch, where funeral services were 
held by Bro. Merle Hawbecker. Burial 
ivas in the adjoining cemetery.— Mrs. 
Lulu Sword, Lanark, 111. 

Morr, Celia Shidler, daughter of John 
and Sarah Cassell Shidler, was born 
Nov. 24, 1861, and died Nov. 3, 1957. 
She was married to John P. Morr in 
1883. Surviving are one daughter, three 
grandchildren, six great-grandchildren, 
:wo great-great-grandchildren, and two 
iisters. She was a member of the First 
Church of the Brethren, Ashland, Ohio. 
Funeral services were held in the Gil- 
jert funeral home by Bro. George 
sheets. Burial was in the Ashland cem- 
etery.— Mrs. Robert Carter, Ashland, 

Norris, Mary Edna, daughter of C. 
^V. and Bertha Graham Orr, was born 
lear Muncie, Ind., on Sept. 16, 1893, 
md died Oct. 15, 1957. She became a 
nember of the Church of the Brethren 
It the age of twenty. On June 27, 1917, 
;he was united in marriage to Marion 
Vorris. On March 3, 1928, she and her 
lusband entered the ministry. They 
ierved as pastor of the home church un- 
:il 1930, when they accepted the posi- 
ion of superintendent and matron of 
:he Home at Mexico, Ind. Sept. 1, 1953, 
hey accepted the call to serve as pastor 
n the church at Arcadia, Fla. Surviv- 
ng are one son, one daughter, one 
oster daughter, two sisters, and one 
Drother. Services were held in the 
Vnderson church by the pastor.— Elden 
Vl. Petry, Anderson, Ind. 

Church News 

Southern Indiana 
Beach Grove— The young people re- 
)laced a concrete walk in front of the 
■hurch which had served us for fifty 
'ears. Sister Louise Spall, who was 
lome for a two weeks' visit from Cas- 
aiier, Puerto Rico, where she is a 
brethren volunteer nurse, showed slides 
if her work in and around the hospital. 
)ur women donated sheets, pillow- 
ases, towels, gowns, and diapers for 
he hospital. We also gave an offering 
□ Sister Spall. Over 100 women at- 
ended the Southern District women's 
workshop on Sept. 9. Sister Paul Hal- 
iday was the speaker. Several of our 
hildren attended Camp Mack during 
he summer. Brethren Thomas Davis, 
I. O. Norris, and Charles Petry have 
lied the pulpit the past several months, 
tro. Eldon Petry will continue as elder, 
'he interest and attendance are good 
t both the Sunday morning and eve- 
ing services. We redecorated the par- 
jnage in October. We still continue 

A Little Book of Bedtime Songs 

Jeanette Perkins Brown 

The songs included in this book have been 
contributed by parents and teachers who 
know the importance of sending a child to 
sleep relaxed and happy, assured of being 
beloved, and with faith in a friendly, de- 
pendable world. The first songs suggest re- 
lationships to parents and to the world 
which give meaning to the prayers which 
follow them. 50c 

Church of the Brethren. General Offices . . . Elgin. Illinois 

to lift the relief offering each fourth 
Sunday. The children's department 
plans to send a heifer for relief. The 
ladies' aid is making hospital gowns 
from men's white shirts. We have thirty 
gowns ready to send to Puerto Rico. 
Two were baptized recently.— Mrs. Zel- 
la Fuqua, Fortville, Ind. 

Northeastern Ohio 

Zion Hill-Elder J. D. Zigler of Al- 
liance was in charge of our council on 
Oct. 9. We have an active aid society 
that meets once a month at the church. 
Our revival was held on Nov. 3-10 by 
Bro. Merlin Shull of North Canton. Two 
were baptized, and one awaits the rite. 
We closed with the love feast on Sun- 
day evening, Nov. 10. In spite of the 
many that have been sick Sunday- 
school and church attendance has been 
keeping up well.— Mrs. Sadie Kauffman, 
Columbiana, Ohio. 

Southern Ohio 

Bear Creek— Don Miller was ordained 
to the ministry. Brother and Sister 
Phillips were our delegates to Annual 
Conference. The union vacation Bible 
school was held at St. Peter's Lutheran 
church. The dedication service for our 
remodeled church with the newly con- 
structed addition was held on Oct. 6. 
Bro. Paul Robinson, president of Beth- 
any Biblical Seminary, brought the 
dedicatory message. Anna Lichty of 
Franklin Grove, 111., a former mission- 
ary to India, was one of the speakers 
also. Our delegates to district confer- 
ence were Bob McKibben, Sam Er- 
baugh, and Merlin Shank. Our pastor 
was elected moderator at this meeting. 
—Mrs. H. H. Norris, Dayton, Ohio. 

Oakland— Twenty-one teachers served 
in our daily vacation Bible school, 
which was held June 24— July 5. The 
offering of $73 was given for world- 
wide missions. Thurl Metzger, execu- 



for fhose 

who are 



- M' 


An excellent book of thirty 
deeply devotional readings writ- 
ten especially for those who are 
older. Even the type accommo- 
dates readers whose vision may 
not be as strong as in earlier 
years. This devotional book also 
merits wide use even beyond the 
age group to whom it is primar- 
ily directed. $2.00 

Church of the Brethren 

General Offices 

Elgin. Illinois 


FEBRUARY 8, 1958 








AKee Geer Ketsey 

"The reasons for one more book 
of character-building stories," 
says Mrs. Kelsey, "are the junior 
children's insatiable appetite for 
new stories and the leader's 
constant search for fresh stories 
to drive home Christain truths." 
These 36 stories, including 
several based on the Bible, are 
excellent resources for junior 
[leaders, ministers, and parents. 
Feb. 10. $2 








Anna Laura and 
Edward W. Gebhard 

For families with children over 
9, the Gebhards and their 4 
children illustrate how family 
worship can be developed from 
questions children ask — such as 
"Why war?" and "Why suffer- 
ing?" . 

Using these questions and the 

Bible as a basis, these 49 daily 

devotion-discussions will help 

your family achieve even closer 

, spiritual relationships. 

Feb. 10. $2.50 





tive secretary of Heifer Project vi^as the 
guest speaker on July 28. Our vi^om- 
en's work met at Wayne Hospital to 
do mending and make new garments 
for the hospital. They have also made 
garments for Bethany as weU as mak- 
ing comforters for relief. Esther Fern 
Petersime is in BVS this year. The of- 
ficers of women's work attended the 
women's workshop at the Piqua church. 
The children of the Oakland Sunday 
school had a picnic supper at the 
county children's home on Aug. 29. 
An every-member visit of the church 
was held on Sept. 15. This is our sec- 
ond annual visitation.— Elvah E. Unger, 
Gettysburg, Ohio. 

Pitsburg— At our August council we 
elected all our Sunday-school and 
church officers. Bro. Gale Cnmnrine 
came to serve as pastor on Sept. 1. The 
church is progressing nicely under his 
leadership. We had our installation 
services for all the ofiicers and teach- 
ers on Sept. 29. Rally and promotion 
day was Oct. 6. On July 14, we cele- 
brated the 100th anniversary of the 
first church building. For many years 
before that the members met in a 
home for services, perhaps as early as 
1835. Bro. Wilmer Petry, first full- 
time pastor of this church, was the 
speaker at the service. Several of our 
children and young people attended 
Camp Sugar Grove this past summer. 
Our delegates to the district meeting 
held at the Happy Corner church were 
Mrs. Olive Minnich, S. C. Gnagey, and 
D. W. Bright. The Methodist church 
and our church co-operated in the 
daily vacation Bible school. Our love 
feast was held on Oct. 6. Nov. 10 was 
the date of our birthday social and 
family night. During the last year ten 
were baptized and eight letters were 
received.— Mrs. Ruth Swinger, Pits- 
burg, Ohio. 

Potsdam— Bro. Ray Shank of Coving- 
ton was the guest speaker at our home- 
coming service on Sept. 8. The women 
made comforters for relief. On Oct. 
7, Bro. Glen Kinsel of Indiana began 
our two-week revival. Four were bap- 
tized. The men of the church har- 
vested the corn. On Oct. 5 we held 
our love feast, at which Bro. Philip 
Lauver presided. On Sunday morning 
we had breakfast with about 250 pres- 
ent. Our delegates, Franklin Baker, 
Robert Delk and Olive Green, gave re- 
ports of the district conference. Bro. 
Clarence Priser of Brookville filled the 
pulpit on one Sunday while the pastor 
was away.— Naomi Hutcheson, Laura, 

Salem— Our church participated with 
the Phillipsburg churches in the com- 
munity vacation Bible school. Brother 
and Sister George Mason, missionaries 
to India, were with us one Sunday eve- 
ning telling of their work and showing 
pictures of India. A members' meeting 
was held in August, and church and 
Sunday-school ofiicers were elected. 
Bro. L. John Weaver will serve as ovu: 
moderator for another year. Our young 

Brethren Placement and 
Relocation Service . . 

This column is conducted as a frt^ 
service in the interests of placemei: : 
and relocation. It does not provide f( : \ 
the advertising of goods or properl | 
for sale or rent. Information on rate i 
for paid advertising may be obtaine i 
from the Brethren Publishing House, i 

The right to edit and reject notice I 
is reserved. Since no verification c ( 
notices is made no responsibihty ca • 
be assumed. 

When writing to the Brethren Place { 
ment Service about a notice, it is nece: < 
sary that the number of the notice b ! 
given. Write Brethren Placement Ser« ,i 
ice: 22 S. State St., Elgin, 111. I 

Nursing and Medical 

No. 330. Doctor: Young meeiicf 
doctor wanted to take over the offic 
of a Brethren physician. Eye speciahi 
preferred; general practitioner accepi 
able. Strong Bretliren church in th 
community. Position open for immed 
ate placement. Contact: Mrs. S. 5 
Conner, 147 West King Street, Waynes 
boro, Pennsylvania. 

Farm Work 
No. 325. Wanted: A 36-year-olc 
unmarried man with 12 years of farr 
experience, desires work on a farm o 
in a farming community. Has his owi 
car. Can operate most tractors ant 
machinery. Direct queries to Lawrenc) 
E. Cook, R. 3, Albia, Iowa. 

No. 326. Wanted: Young marrie* 
couple to work on dairy and graii 
farm. Modern home and modem ma 
chinery. One mile from very activn 
Church of the Brethren. On schoo 
bus route to consolidated school ii: 
town of 1,100. Excellent opportunity! 
for an industrious young couple. Conii 
tact: Orion Stover, Placement Commits 
tee Service, Church of the Brethreni 
Milledgeville, III. 

No. 33 L Jobs for dairy and genera 
farming in the Elkton, Md., area. Gooc 
salary, house furnished, and other con< 
siderations. Write, giving informatioii 
about yourself, to the Immanuei 
Church of the Brethren Placement 
Committee, Clyde Nafzinger, Chairman 
Chesapeake City, Md. 

people and juniors attended the various 
camps at Sugar Grove. Another ol 
our girls has entered Brethren Volun- 
teer Service. While our pastor, Bro.- 
Foster Bittinger, was conducting evan- 
gehstic services in West Virginia, the 
Sunday morning messages were broughl 
to us by Reverend and Mrs. Homei 
Wilson, missionaries to Ethiopia, and 
Bro. Harold Helstem. During the 
week of Sept. 8-15 we were led in a 

piritual revival by Bro. Samuel Har- 
ey, of North Manchester, Ind. Seven 
vere baptized following this meeting. 
Ne have an active prayer fellovi'ship 
vhich meets weekly and is organized 
notify members of special requests 
or prayer. Oct. 6 was observed as 
iromotion Sunday, and Sunday-school 
eachers and church ofBcers were in- 
tailed. Our pastor and his wife at- 
ended the regional conference at Man- 
hester College. Our church was well 
epresented by the delegates and others 
t the district conference which met in 
he Happy Corner church. There has 
leen a steady increase in church and 
unday-school attendance as well as in 
tewardship. The per capita giving for 
be year ending Sept. 30 was in excess 
f $150. Our love feast and commun- 
m was held on Nov. 9.— Hazel Brum- 
augh, Union, Ohio. 

lip North Atlantic District 

Ambler— A leadership training class 
tfas conducted in our church, the four 
Monday evenings in October; seventeen 
hurches of the North Atlantic District 
nd one of the Eastern District were 
epresented. Bro. Irvin Hoffer assisted 
y Stanley Davis, Jr., officiated at the 
ommunion on Oct. 6. Supply pastors 
or the past three months have been 
irethren E. G. Beckman, R. A. Byerly, 
I. Z. Bomberger, R. F. Eshleman, A. 
;. Baugher, C. W. Bucher, G. C. Kil- 
efner, W. W. Ghck, and C. N. Ellis, 
'he district youth fellowship met at 
iie Pottstown church on Oct. 27. Three 
venings in November were devoted to 
general house cleaning at the church, 
lidweek prayer services have again 
een started at the church. Bro. C. N. 
llhs of Juniata College was the speaker 
3r the district men's and women's work 
nnual dinner at the Central Schwenk- 
3lder church on Dec. 7. Our Sunday 
;hool and church services are steadily 
icreasing in attendance. The members 
f the young married couples class are 
olunteer visitors to the homes through- 
ut the week. Our church was host 
Dr the North Atlantic district meeting 
n Oct. 18-19. Sylvia Bucher, one of 
ur members is in volunteer service in 
ialtimore, Md.— Mrs. Mary E. Haring, 
.ansdale. Pa. 

Eastern Pennsylvania 

Akron— Since June the following guest 
peakers have brought messages: Bretli- 
sn Caleb Kreider, Robert Young, and 
[oward Merkey. Visiting ministers at 
ur love feast were BreQiren Norman 
lusser and George Keeney. Bro. Earl 
[urtz spoke at our father and son fel- 
)wship on Oct. 5. Eleven young peo- 
le attended Camp Swatara, and three 
f our members served as camp coun- 
slors for one week. The aid society 
lade slips and layettes for relief. Min- 
rva Rudy was our delegate to the 
christian education conference at Eliza- 
ethtown College on Labor Day. The 
;hiques men's chorus directed by Mrs. 
iobert Hess gave a program of sacred 

Wo>Lsiub Gibs 
^ Lfi tjouiit 

Dally Discoveries 

devotional readings for boys and girls 8-12 years 

by Robbie Trent 

Though intended for boys and girls, no one is too young or too old 
for Daily Discoveries. With simplicity this book leads the minds of 
children, youth, or adults. With a unique profoundness it guides the 
thoughts of its readers to God through the most tiny creations of the 
universe to the most gigantic. Parallel with the stories gleaned from 
that which is familiar to us, run many beautiful passages from the Bible. 
The author adds psalm prayers of her own that reveal a sincere way to 
talk with God. $2.00 

A Worship Anthology 

for seniors and older youth 

by Methodist Youth Department 

Prayers, poetry, worship thoughts appropriate for developing worship 
experiences for young people. 

Youth and tlieir adult friends are becoming increasingly aware that 
the strength of any youth group grows out of the reality of the worship 
and devotional life. A Worship Anthology is planned for youth and 
their advisers who are responsible for worship planning with youth 
groups. 75c 

Church of the Brethren, General Offices, Elgin, Illinois 

A firsthaitd account 

of the martijrdom of five 

American missionaries in the Ecuador jungle 

Through Gates of Splendor 



Nothing in modern literature has dramatized so strikingly the collision 
of old and new, of darkness and light, as this saga of five missionary 
martyrs. These men were the first in centuries to penetrate the dread land 
of the Auca Indians in Ecuador with the message of Christ, only to be 
ambushed and slain. 

Here, for the millions of readers stirred by the article and pictures 
in Life and Reader's Digest, is the whole story in full detail and in its 
true spiritual setting as the extraordinarily detailed martyrs' diaries revealed 

The autlior, Elizabetlr Elliot, is the widow of one of the martyred 

In writing about this book Catherine Marshall said, ". . . Mrs. Elliot's 
book is an epic missionary saga." 

Church of the Brethren, General Offices, Elgin, Illinois 

music in October. During October and 
November the deacon brethren spent 
most of the evenings in the annual 
visitation. On Nov. 3 the young adult 
class sponsored the film. Our Bible, 
How It Came to Us. Paul Dohner and 
Clarence Rudy were delegates to our 
district conference. We had an infor- 

mal service on Thanksgiving Day. The- 
church treasurer reported an increase 
in our Brotherhood and district offer- 
ings.— Minerva Rudy, Akron, Pa. 

Big Swatara— Men's work rendered a 

FEBRUARY 8. 1958 









R. D. or St. 

P. O Zone State 

Help us to keep your Gospel Messenger coming by reporting any change in 
address promptly. Please do not remove old address. 

laymen's program at our morning serv- 
ice on Oct. 20. Sister Robert Hess was 
speaker at our mother and daughter 
tea on Oct. 22. Visiting ministers pres- 
ent at our love feast were Brethren 
Ralph Schlosser, Bruce Anderson, and 
Becker Ginder. A dedication service for 
children and parents was held on Nov. 
3. Our church remodeling debt was 
completely paid off on Nov. 17, when 
we observed the eighth anniversary of 
our dedication. Bro. Harold Bomber- 
ger is conducting Bible study one night 
each week during the months of Jan- 
uary, February, and March.— Mrs. John 
Swope, Union Deposit, Pa. 

Chiques— Ralph and Florence Royer, 
missionaries to Africa, spoke at a morn- 
ing worship service. The Midway 
chorus presented a musical program. 
Robert and Viola Halderman were di- 
rectors of the daily vacation Bible 
school. Our young people raised corn 
as tlieir Lord's Acre project. Sending 
fruit jars and garden tools was one of 
the projects of the women's work. Bro. 
Murray Lehman brought the message at 
our harvest home service. Rachel Zug 
spent the summer in a work camp in 
Germany. At our home-coming service 
Bro. George Landis was the guest 
speaker. The district music and wor- 
ship commission sponsored an evening 
of sacred music by the Palmyra chancel 
choir in our church. Our church was 
host to the fellowship of growth meet- 
ing sponsored by the Eastern District 
children's workers. Lead pencils were 
collected for Greece. Brethren Ollie 
Hevener and Paul Forney were visiting 
ministers for our love feast. The East- 
ern Pennsylvania district meeting was 
held in our church.— Mrs. John K. Stauf- 
fer, Lawn, Pa. 

Mechanic Grove— Bro. Walter Bucher 
held evangelistic services in June. Five 
were added to the church. Our pastor, 
Bro. Charles Hevener, and Harry 
Kreider served as our delegates to 

Classified Advertising 

Brethren Heritage Tour: Travel- 
ing through seven countries by 
chartered bus, equipped w^ith 
snack bar, reclining seats, toilet 
facilities. Tour includes Anniver- 
sary conference in Kassel and 
Schwarzenau. Leave New York by 
air (K. L. M.), July 7. Return to 
Neu^ York, Aug. 11. Complete cost 
$995. For further inquiry write: 
Brethren Heritage Tour, Manches- 
ter College, North Manchester, Ind. 

Annual Conference. Many of our young 
people attended Camp Swatara and 
some served as counselors. In July we 
started to hold a weekly prayer service 
and Bible study with our pastor in 
charge. Attendance and interest in our 
church and Sunday school continue to 
increase. Bro. Conway Bennett was 

guest speaker for our harvest home 
service. At our fall council Brother; 
Lester Schreiber was re-elected moder- ( 
ator for another term. Kenneth Kreider, i 
who spent two years in Europe as a 
BVS'er, showed pictures and told of' 
some of his experiences and work there.' 
—Mrs. Clayton E. Kreider, Quarryville,j 

A Picture Dictionary of the Bible 




Nearly four hundred words fre- 
quently found in English translations 
of the Bible are simply and clearly 
defined and made vivid by pictures. 
This book will make Bible verses and 
stories more meaningful to boys and 
girls and will challenge their inter- 
est in more careful Bible study. For 
primary and junior ages. $1.50 

Church of the Brethren, General Offices 

Elgin, Illinois 



FEBRUARY 15, 1958 


»(Aiii*^»i«&*!«* -«&**«&* ii*«S&l!*iM ife'.j ^ eSSfcii'C 



WHEN you are sinking a fence post it pays to have plenty of volunteer help. For- 
tunate is the farmer who has three sons with six willing hands ready to shovel, 
lift, or nail. His efforts are quickly multiplied by the application of teamwork. What 
could easily be a lonely job for one worker becomes a social act when so many helpers 
join in. A family that works so well together is likely also to play and pray together. 
When you are building a church it pays to have plenty of volunteer help. For- 
tunate is the pastor who discovers hundreds of willing hands in his congregation. He 
cannot alone carry on the multiple functions of a growing church, but teamwork will 
multiply his efforts in evangelism, in calling, in organization, in teaching, and in extend- 
ing the church's witness around the world. Teamwork in work and worship is absolutely 
essential if a church is to function as the living body of Christ. 

Gospel Messenger READERS WRITE . . . to the editor 

^Thy Kingdom Come" 


ELIZABETH WEIGLE - Editorial Assistant 

gan of the Church of the Brethren. 
Published weekly by the General Broth- 
erhood Board, Norman J. Baugher, Gen- 
eral Secretary, 22 S. State St., Elgin, 111., 
at $3.50 per annum in advance. Life 
subscription, $50, husband and wife, $60. 
Entered at the post office at Elgin, 111., 
as second-class matter. Acceptance for 
mailing at special rate of postage pro- 
vided for in section 1103, Act of October 
3, 1917, authorized Aug. 20, 1918. 
Printed in U.S.A. 

MEMBER: The Associated Church Press 

SUBSCRIBER: Religious News Service, 

Ecumenical Press Service, World Around 


FEBRUARY 15, 1958 
Volume 107 Number 7 

In This Number . . . 

Editorial — 

Teamwork 1 

The Lady From Philadelphia 5 

A Curfew for Banquets 5 

The General Forum — 
Our Father in Heaven. 

John C. Middlekauff 3 

The Church of the Brethren Must Lift 

Up the Bible. H. H. Helman 6 

That Man Who Works (verse). 

Alexander Mack, Jr 7 

Roadblock to Brotherhood. 

Ellis G. Guthrie 10 

I Saw the First Meetinghouse. 

Edith Barnes 12 

A Tribute and a Prayer. 

Paul H. Bowman 14 

Family Fun Fare 14 

The 250th Year Begins. Howard Royer 15 
Vision Improved (verse). 

Ernestine Hoff Emrick 18 

Eternity (verse). 

Mildred Allen Jeffery 19 

The Family Counselor 27 

Reviews of Recent Books 27 

News — 

Kingdom Gleanings 16 

Church News 29 

Toward His Kingdom — 

The Lord's Business. C. E. Dumond . . 20 

Counsel on Counseling. 

Dr. Paul Popenoe 21 

What's Going on at Mubi? 

Charles Kraft 22 

Enough. Marianne Michael 22 

Introduction to Ecuador. 

Don and Shirley Fike 23 

The World Day of Prayer. 

Geraldine Sartain 23 

Local Church Evangelism in Colorado 

and Nebraska 24 

European News Notes 25 

Labor-Management Abuses 26 

News From Fresno, California 27 


The Gospel Messenger welcomes letters commenting on editorials, articles anc 
vs. Letters should be brief and brotherly. 

live in almost as much fear as the 
East Germans? Isn't it true that 
Pentagon bureaucrats are as oflBcious 
in their version of the truth as the 
Communists in the film? Yet the 
impression is given that there is 
none of that in America. 


Thank you for the timely article, 
Santa or Savior, by Ernestine Hoft 
Emrick. Thanks especially for the 
paragraph that asks, "Where is the 
Child whose dreams are filled not 
with sugarplums but with the song 
of the Angels, whose eyes shine with 
the reflection not of tinsel and 
colored lights but the star of Bethle- 

Let us accept the challenge of 
educating our youth anew to the 
importance of keeping Christ in 
Christmas.— Howard M. Reardon, 
Baltimore, Maryland. 

Quality of Faith 

In the Nov. 9 issue Bro. McKinley 
CoflFman's article was excellent 
("The Call of Jude to the Church") . 
I would recommend we all read 
prayerfully the Book of Jude con- 
taining only one chapter. And also 
reread the article in the Gospel 
Messenger. O Father in Heaven, 
may grace be given to us to follow 
in the train of the early pioneers 
of our faith and to be a true and 
faithful witness of Christ. Amen.— 

Not Recommendable 

In one of your past issues there 
was a picture of a scene from a 
film, "What Price Freedom," and 
underneath a recommendation for 
church members to see that film. 
We in Castafier had an opportunity 
recently to see and judge the film, 
and in my opinion and that of other 
project members, it is not recom- 

For one thing, the character of 
the American businessman, appar- 
ently presented as a good Christian, 
leaves something wanting. He is 
quick to anger ("Let every man 
be . . . slow to anger"— James 1, 
19); he is proud, impetuous, and 
careless of the welfare of others 
(in that he brings danger to them); 
he appears to base much of his 
thinking on experiences as a soldier; 
his logic is shoddy, incomplete, and 
full of rationalizations; and he 
flaunts his Christianity as though 
he were one of the heavenly elect. 

The comparison between East 
Germany and the United States 
would be more convincing if it were 
more objective. Isn't it true that 
Americans (Negroes) in the South 

By comparison with the character 
of the American, the characters ofi 
the courageous German girl and the; 
Communist bureaucrat who almost', 
repents are admirably drawn. God 
save us from such Americans! 

This is a film to make people; 
take sides in the cold war. I think" 
we, as pacifists, find it more to 
our liking and duty to examine thei 
evil in us, as well as "them," than?] 
to make heroes out of Pharisees.— 
John Forbes, Castafier, Puerto Rico, i 


It seems as if the mode of bap- ' 
tism and some more of our scriptur- 
al practices are being tested by 
individuals and the Annual Con- 

We have scripture very plain on 
these, and Jesus' own words to the 
disciples in Matt. 28:18-20: "All 
power is given unto me in heaven 

and in earth. Go ye therefore, and p 
teach all nations, baptizing them 

in the name of the Father, and of i 

the Son, and of the Holy Ghost: | 

teaching them to observe all things i 

whatsoever I have commanded you; \ 

and lo, I am with you always, even ,* 

unto the end of the world." | 

Speaking of the Father, Son, and ■'] 

Holy Ghost and having the word \ 

and in between each of the Trinity 1 

separates them into a threefold act I 

of immersion. i 

Jesus follows up by promising a ; 

blessing. If we obey and observe ' 

all things he will be with us to J 

the end of the world. We should I 

be growing stronger instead of get- ^ 

ting weaker as the storms of life I 

beat upon our spiritual house. May ^ 

we all hold on as we go forward.— ' 

Mrs. Ethel McEathron, Pomona, ; 

Kansas. ,j 

Splendid Thoughts ; 

Please pass along my sincere grati- 'j 
tude to Ernestine HoflF Emrick for 

her splendid thoughts expressed in \ 

"Santa or Savior" in the Dec. 14 ' 

issue. I wish it could be read from j 

every pulpit in America. I also en- < 

Continued on page "0 ' 


Ou/i Fo^ke/i ill HeMm 


IN THE opening words of 
the prayer that Jesus taught 
his disciples two great 
truths are revealed— a truth 
about God and a truth about 
I man. 

How shall we think of God? 
'The whole of our religious ex- 
perience hinges on the answer 
I we give to this question. If we 
I think of God as an indulgent, 
long-bearded grandfather or a 
I beneficent Santa Glaus, life will 
be flabby, lacking in moral fiber. 
If God is Somebody upstairs 

John C. MiddlekmiH 

who likes me, then sin will lose 
its sting— for no holy, righteous 
love and justice are involved in 
such a concept. On the other 
hand, if God is a stern, unbend- 
ing Judge, one who is far-off, 
terrifying, and one to be feared, 
then he loses that characteristic 
which makes him the God of 
our Lord Jesus Christ. 

The people to whom Jesus 
first taught this prayer needed 
to have a new concept of God— 

for to the Jews God was far off 
and terrifying. With emphasis 
upon his holiness and justice, 
the Jews reacted towards God 
with fear, awe, and terror. 
When offended, he had to be 
appeased with bloody, costly 
sacrifices. To these people Jesus 
said that they should think of 
God, not as an avenging Judge, 
a distant, terrifying Deity but 
as a loving heavenly Father. 
Now it is true that there are 
seven instances in the Old Test- 
ament where God is referred 
to as Father. But it is estimated 
that in the Old Testament, 
the name of God appears about 
7,000 times; and only seven 
times out of 7,000 is God called 
Father, and then he is thought 
of as the Father of the Jewish 

When Jesus taught men to 
pray, "Our Father who art in 
heaven," he was introducing 
into the life of man a new and 
revolutionary idea of God. Men 
had thought of God as Judge, 
as King, as Lord of Hosts, as 
Creator and Sustainer of all life, 
but Jesus said that we should 

Though physically his 
father's son, it was not 
until the prodigal son 
repented and returned 
to his father's house of 
love that he became in 
reality his son again 

Rud. Petersen 
Camera Clix 

FEBRUARY 15, 1958 3 

think of him as our Father. And 
with two httle words, Jesus 
brought God near; he swept 
away the fear which caused 
men to tremble at the thought 
of God. If God is our heavenly 
Father, then we can come to 
him in love and trust— and with 
a freedom that men had never 
before known. 

Prior to the outbreak of the 
Civil War a young minister, 
who was destined to be- 
come one of America's greatest 
preachers and one of the mold- 
ers of world opinion, was 
troubled by conflicting thoughts 
of what God was like. He felt 
sure that the God who loved 
him could not be the God of 
wrath and vengeance of the 
ancient Hebrews. 

One morning Henry Ward 
Beecher walked out of the little 
building which housed his mis- 
sion church in Indianapolis and 
began walking in the country- 
side—determined to solve this 
problem which was troubling 
him and making him ineffective 
as a minister. He said that his 
ministry was saved that day 
when he came to this tremen- 
dous discovery that "he did not 
need to believe anything about 
God that Jesus Christ had not 
taught and shown, and that he 
could believe and preach every- 
thing Jesus Christ had re- 

And from that day, he never 
deviated from that faith. Some 
people criticized him because 
they said that he laid too much 
emphasis on the love of God 
and that there was not enough 
of the sternness of God in his 
preaching, but I think he was 
right. Certainly, he was one of 
the most winsome preachers 
America ever produced and his 
ministry was instrumental in 
bringing thousands into the 
kingdom of God. 

The faith of Henry Ward 


From the filmstrip, Come Up Higher 

When we pray "Otir Father" we give up all claims to superiority 
because of race or color and dignify and glorify every man 

Beecher was the faith of Jesus 
Christ. Read again the gospels 
and you will discover that prac- 
tically every time Jesus makes 
reference to God, he refers to 
him as his heavenly Father. 

In the second place, the open- 
ing words of this prayer reveal 
some fundamental truths about 
man. If the question of first 
importance is: "How are we to 
think about God?" surely the 
second most important question 
is: "How are we to think about 
man?" This prayer gives us at 
least two answers to this ques- 

To God, man is a son. If we 
are to think of God as our hea- 
venly Father, then it is logical 
to think of men as his sons. And 
that is exactly the viewpoint 
of the Bible. 

All of us are sons of God by 
creation. On the first page of 
the Bible we read that God 
said, "Let us make man in our 
image, after our likeness" (v. 
26), and in that creative act, 
a great gulf was fixed between 
animal life and man. The Jew, 
in his finest moments, never 
forgot that he was God's son 

and so we read in Isa. 64:8: 
"Yet, O Lord, thou art our 
Father; we are the clay, and 
thou art our potter; we are all 
the work of thy hand." 

And certainly the emphasis 
that Jesus placed on the value 
of the individual was due to his 
recognition of the fact that all 
men are the children of God, 
creatures of his love and con- 
cern. We are to love all men- 
even enemies — because they, 
like ourselves, are sons of God, 
made in his image and possess 
worth and dignity. Granted, 
sin can so incrust life that the 
image of God is all but ob- 
scured but it can never com- 
pletely destroy it. 

While it may be difficult, if 
not impossible, for us to see it, 
yet the spark of the divine al- 
ways glows and no man can 
tell when, under the power of 
love and redeeming grace, it 
will burst into flame. He may 
be a dirty, homeless tramp, a 
derelict on some Skid Row, a 
brutal, callous criminal, a 
fiendish exploiter of human 
life, a God-denying Communist 

Continued on page 9 



The Lady From Philadelphia 

THE year-end reports from news commen- 
tators abroad were depressing. The sput- 
niks had damaged our prestige in Asia. All 
hat our leaders could offer, apparently, was 
nore military aid, but economic aid was more 
irgently needed. The headlines from Little 
Rock had been heralded widely among the 
color-conscious millions, but the story of peace- 
ful integration in other cities was scarcely 
Iknown. It looked very much as if our State 
Department, in the interests of making us se- 
cure, was permitting us to lose the few friends 
we still had. 

And then came an hour-long television pro- 
gram. We learned that the State Department 
had helped to arrange a concert tour for Marian 
j Anderson in twelve nations. She carried no 
proposals for new military bases, no offers of 
economic aid, no threats or promises to govern- 
ment officials. She had only her glorious voice 
and her remarkable spirit. 

Part of her accomplishment, as an ambassa- 
dor of goodwill, was in her singing. Music is a 
universal language that transcends the scope of 
spoken words. The Negro spiritual is perhaps 
the most American of all our music. It is our 
one original contribution to folk music. But the 
spirituals tell a universal story of hunger for 
freedom, of hope in God, of the vision of light 
that can break through the darkest night. As 
Marian Anderson sang, mostly with eyes closed 
and hands clasped together, the yearning of 
multitudes around the world found expression. 
Her artistry was unquestioned, but she did more 
than sing beautifully. Her songs seemed to bind 
together the hearts of many nations. 

We expected to hear such singing from 
Marian Anderson. What came as a delightful 
surprise was to meet her as a person; to hear 
her talk to boys and girls, common people, and 
government officials; and to sense her nobility 
of character, her Christian understanding. 

Thanks to the roving eyes of the television 
cameras we were privileged to watch the faces 
in her audiences. Seldom have the resources 
of television been used to such advantage. Here 
in our own homes we became acquainted with 
persons on the opposite side of the globe who 
responded in the same manner as we to music 
from a great heart. We were proud to see the 
friendly welcome that every nation gave to "the 
lady from Philadelphia." 

Someone may suggest that Miss Anderson 
was so well received because she was of darker 
skin and the people who hailed her were colored. 
But as we listened we forgot all about skin 
color, and we believe that listeners in Asia must 
have felt the same way. It was the inherent 
dignity of a Christian personality that shone 
through her singing, and surely it is such in- 
trinsic dignity that unites all mankind in spite 
of racial and cultural differences. 

Our president has proposed that we spend 
an extra $1.3 billion as a means of counteracting 
the Soviet offensive in the arms race. Why do 
we not launch our own offensive after the pat- 
tern that Marian Anderson has set for us? With 
only the fraction of the cost of one missile we 
could send our finest citizens abroad as ambas- 
sadors of goodwill. We could enable hundreds 
of young Christians to use their big muscles in 
work-camp projects where the need is greatest. 
We could send many more Christian teachers, 
agriculturalists, and doctors to serve where their 
help is required. We could welcome many 
more students from Asian countries into our 
homes and our schools. 

The lady from Philadelphia reminded us of 
what Christians should never have forgotten, 
that person-to-person, face-to-face, heart-to- 
heart contacts count for most in communicating 
our faith in God and our concern for our broth- 
ers everywhere.— K. m. 

A Curfew for Banquets 

ARCHBISHOP Richard Gushing, Roman 
Catholic prelate in Boston, has proposed 
that a curfew time be fixed for ending 
banquets. He would set a limit of two hours 
and a half for the whole affair, with a definite 
time for adjournment. To his proposal many 
Protestants as well as Catholics will shout a 
hearty Amen. A good place to begin abridging 
the program would be to omit the lengthy intro- 
ductions, with time for applause, of guests at 
the head table. You might even set a stop watch 
on the main speaker. Program planners for dis- 
trict, regional, and Annual conferences, please 
note.— K. M. 

• • • 
First keep thyself in peace, and then shalt thou be 
able to be a peacemaker toward others. A peaceable 
man doth more good than a well-learned.— Thomas a 

FEBRUARY 15, 1958 5 

The iounders of the Church of the Brethren took the Bible as their only guide and creed 

The Church of the Brethren must 


IN MY boyhood and youth, 
Hstening to some of our 
well-known ministers, I was 
impressed that the Church of 
the Brethren, as no other 
church, was a church of the 
Bible— of the whole Bible. In 
my teens I was present when 
the nearby church, the Chris- 
tian (Newlight) church, re- 
ceived some members into its 
fellowship. In receiving these 
members the minister held out 
the Bible before them and said, 
"This Book is to be your creed 
and your guide." He informed 
them that they were joining a 
"Bible church." 


This experience raised a 
question: How can this church 
be called a Bible church when 
it did not obey some parts of 
the Bible that my church 
obeyed and emphasized? Here 
began my continuing inquiry 
into the problem of what makes 
a Bible church. Ever since then 
I have been comparing our 
church with other churches 
claiming to follow the Bible. 

Of the founders of our church 
Dr. M. G. Brumbaugh wrote: 
"They turned to the Bible for 
guidance . . . adopting the 
Bible as their rule and guide 
they organized a church with 
no creed, and with all the or- 
dinances, as taught by Jesus 

H. H. Hehnan 

Photos from the filmstrip, 
Come Up Higher 

and his followers, as recorded ' 
in the New Testament." That j 
the earliest Brethren lifted up ! 
the Bible cannot be refuted. ! 
Many of them preferred that 
the Bible be their only book. ' 
They measured their Christian ! 
lives by their conformity to its I 
specific teachings, sometimes | 
without regard to the context | 
of the statements. They also 
insisted that any who wished 
to be in their fellowship should 
conform to these same teach- 
ings in the same way. The 

^ords of the Bible became the 


Of course, they inevitably 

an into the problem of how to 

ift up the Bible without be- 

oming legalistic. The problem 

launted them perennially 

hrough two centuries or more. 

rhey looked again and again 

the Bible for specifics: This 

lo; this do not, often with satis- 

ying success, but sometimes in 

>bvious confusion and disap- 

)ointment. But the Brethren 

lever backed down on the 

)remise that the church should 

,56 a Bible church, that the 

^uide for life, without excep- 

ion, should be the Bible 

:hrough its stated word or its 

iivine spirit. 

But it is disturbing today to 
note that some are questioning 
ivhether we are still a Bible 
church in purpose and practice. 
It is implied, principally by 
some of the laity, that our 
church has reached the place 
where she is not sure it is neces- 
sary or desirous to lift up the 
Bible too prominently, to make 
it the sure rule for Christian 
living. Many seen to feel that 
the Brethren are seeking a mini- 
mum Bible rather than the 
whole Bible. 
They are avowedly not legal- 

ists. They are not seeking how 
they may, through the church, 
"lay down the rule" for others, 
or even to restrict its fellowship 
to those who apply the Bible 
as they do. These people seem 
concerned lest the Church of 
the Brethren gradually lose the 
Bible or relegate it to an irrele- 
vant place in the teachings and 
tasks of the church. 

Now if the above is true, it 
needs to be made known just 
to what extent and how the 
church proposes to use the 
Bible, why it lifts it up, and 
what criteria it uses to apply it. 
The church cannot afford to 
lift up the Bible and at the same 
time decline to accept as bind- 
ing upon itself and its members 
some things plainly taught. 

Perhaps there is very much 
needed right now some straight 
teaching on the use of the Bible, 
as it relates to the structure and 
task of the church, to the use 
of Biblical rules and commands, 
to its place in the Christian edu- 
cation program, to how it ap- 
plies in receiving members into 
the fellowship of the Church 
of the Brethren and as it applies 
to the ecumenical movement. 
In other words, there is need 
for more teaching on the Chris- 
tian use of the Bible. 

That Man Who Works 

Translated by M. G. Brumbaugh; versified by Vernard EUer 

That man who works in a strength not his own. 

But in the grace of the Highest alone. 
By godly deeds learns the virtues of love. 

Meekness, and patience, as taught from above. 

Then in all things is his conscience made clean. 
With vision clear by himself he is seen 

Small before God both in heart and in thought. 

Knowing that man's proud way cometh to naught. 

Idleness, splendor, and delicacies 

Cause a disguiet mind; he will shun these. 

That man who ever himself doth accuse. 

Him men will honor, and him God will use. 

These words may be sung to the tune Slane, 
Number 195 in the Brethren Hymnal 

Those of the Catholic faith 
are relieved of the understand- 
ing and interpretation of the 
Bible. The Pope and the priests 
do that for them. The church 
and its invested leaders are pri- 
mal, the Bible is secondary. 
But we Brethren inherited from 
the church's founders the con- 
viction that we individually 
may and should look to the 
Bible for light and guidance, 
that it is a book for the people 
as well as for the clergy. With 
this came the conviction that 
the Bible speaks plainly to each 
one and that scholarship does 
not contribute essentially to its 
understanding. But lacking 
special training in Bible study 
some were not always able to 
distinguish the words of the 
Bible from the spiritual teach- 
ings or intent. The words make 
the Bible for some more than 
the spirit makes the Bible. 
Teaching is needed. 

These concerned members 
are honest and sincere. They 
are not the people who discredit 
the church. Those who discred- 
it the church are those who, for 
want of proper devotion to the 
Bible, have not discovered the 
Man of the Bible and the spirit 
of the Bible and, therefore, live 
like pagans. Since the fonner 
people are honest and sincere 
and since they inherited a cer- 
tain understanding of the use 
and application of the Bible, 
it is the church's responsibility 
to bring light to them and to 
lielp them to an approach to the 
Bible that will increase their 
devotion to it and bring them 
greater blessings from it. 

There is a spiritual eagerness 
in the attitude of those who 
want a Bible without confusion, 
a Bible that says to them simply 
what they ought to believe and 
how they ought to live. They 
need help to be "Bible Chris- 
tians" in all that it means. 

FEBRUARY 15, 1958 7 

The Church of the Brethren 
is still a Bible church. It be- 
lieves that the authority for and 
the origin, the constituents, the 
characteristics, the task, and the 
destiny of the church are to be 
looked for and found in the 
Bible. This is accepted because 
the church believes the Bible 
is inspired, is uniquely divine 
beyond and above any other 

The human element is recog- 
nized in the production of the 
Bible all the way from the 
writers themselves to the trans- 
lators, the interpreters, and 
teachers. To say that there are 
no marks of human limitations 
in the records is to make every 
human participant in its pro- 
duction and translation as per- 
fect as God. Nothing can really 
be gained by denying the pres- 
ence of the human element in 
the Bible. Nor by doubting that 
God had a controlling hand in 
it from beginning to end. Its 
unity, its effects upon the hu- 
man heart and mind of those 
who accept it, as well as its 
uniqueness among religious 
writings, add to the weight of 
evidence that it is the product 
of the mind and hand of God. 

With this attitude toward the 
Bible the church accepts the 
forthright restrictions imposed 
by the Word along with the 
freedom it grants in the pursuit 
of its responsibilities and tasks. 
It desires and tries to make the 
Bible come alive for every 
member that he may be trans- 
formed into a Christlike person 
who radiates godliness all the 

To teach a use of the Bible 
that implies that nothing in it 
is primary and nothing second- 
ary, that one word in it is as 
significant and important as 
any other word, that one sen- 
tence cannot be more or less 


meaningful than any other sen- 
tence is to make the Word im- 
potent to do what it purposes 
to do to human faith and con- 

To put the contents of the 
Word above the Christ it re- 
veals is to make him a lesser di- 
vinity than he is and impose a 
bibliolatry upon us. If we 
espouse a use of the Bible that 
denies the Master's spiritual, 
moral and ethical authority we 
do a disservice both to the Mas- 
ter and his followers. 

The basic qualification of a 
Christian is commitment to 
Jesus Christ. This kind of a 
Christian is a Bible Christian, 
a New Testament Christian, 
and a church composed of such 
is a Bible church. This does 
lift up the Bible, whose central 
figure is Christ, not itself. 

The formalities we used to 
follow in our effort to apply 
the Bible to our lives have given 
way to a deeper and more far- 
reaching application of its 
deeper spirit and meaning, 
penetrating the inner man to 
produce a new creature, with 
the spirit and mind of Christ as 



the motivation for every attj 
tude, thought, and act. Th* 
practice of formalities did nci 
necessarily carry the assuranc' 
of the spirit and example c 
Christ. To impose them upo; 
those who wished to fellowship 
with us was to give to formaL 
ties a power they never pos- 

To say that the Church ol 
the Brethren has moved frofl 
being a Bible church because 
it has ceased to overemphasis 
the formalities is to condemn i 
wrongly. At no time in its his 
tory covering two hundrec 
fifty years has the church moKil 
honestly, more earnestly, ano' 
more consistently tried to appl)^l 
the Bible to its life and worki 

If there is one thing thai 
ought to make us glad in this 
anniversary year it is the fact 
that we have lifted up the Bible 
all through our history. We 
should commit ourselves anew 
to continue to do this in the 
years and centuries ahead as- 
sured that if the Bible is lost, 
its revelation is lost, and the 
Christ of God is lost, and then j 
we are lost. } 

The church desires and tries to make the Bible come alive for every 
member that he may be transformed into a Christlike person 

Our Father in Heaven 

Continued from page 4 

vho tortures and brainwashes 
hose who fall into his power. 
3ut no matter how depraved 
md sinful he may be, he is to 
)e regarded as a child of God 
md one for whom Christ died. 

But there is a higher sonship 
han that of creation. We may 
)ecome the sons of God by re- 
lemption. It is possible for a 
nan to cut himself off from his 
amily by his stubborn rebellion 
vhich insists on riding rough- 
hod over everyone else, the de- 
ermination to have his own 
vay no matter what the cost. 
But this need not be final. 

Jesus once told an unforget- 
able story of such a one— the 
^oung boy who demanded his 
hare of his father's wealth and 
hen cut himself off from home 
md love by going to the far 
;ountry where he squandered 
lis money, his health, his self- 
espect and his influence by liv- 
ng on the animal level. On the 
)hysical level he was still his 
ather's son but it was not until 
le repented and returned to 
he father's house of love that 
n reality he became his son 

And so it is that everyone, 
hough living in sin and rebel- 
ion, can turn again to the 
leather's love and in the deep- 
est meaning of the word, be- 
come a son of God— a member 
)f the family of God— because 
le is in harmony with the 
father's will, is obedient to the 
i^'ather's purposes, and is shar- 
ng the Father's love. "All who 
ire led by the Spirit of God are 
;onsof God" (Rom. 8:14). ". .. 
n Christ Jesus you are all sons 
3f God, through faith" (Gal. 

John, in the opening verses of 
lis gospel laments the tragic 
Fact that God sent his Son to 
redeem the world and that so 
many refused him, but he goes 
3n to say: "But to all who re- 

ceived him, who believed in 
his name, he gave power 
to become children of God; 
who were bom, not of blood 
nor of the will of the flesh nor 
of the will of man, but of God" 

This was a difficult truth for 
some of the followers of Jesus 
to learn. Peter was filled with 
prejudice against the Gentiles. 
He was brought up to believe 
in the supremacy of the Jewish 
race and the inferiority of those 
who could not trace their an- 
cestry back to Abraham. But 
God sent him to Caesarea to 
the home of a Gentile named 
Cornelius. And when he got 
there, he found the house 
crowded with Gentiles. But he 
had been prepared by a vision 
in which God had tried to tell 
him that in his sight, all men 
are the same. 

And so Peter, with the out- 
spoken candor which was so 
characteristic of him, said, "You 
yourselves know how unlawful 
it is for a Jew to associate with 
or to visit any one of another 
nation; but God has shown me 
that I should not call any man 
common or unclean." After 
Cornelius had explained the 
reason why he had summoned 
Peter, Peter began to speak to 
the assembled crowd, and his 
first words were: "Truly I per- 
ceive that God shows no parti- 
ality, but in every nation any 
one who fears him and does 
what is right is acceptable to 
him" (vs. 34-35). 

To his fellows, man is a broth- 
er. If we are God's children 
by creation and by redemption, 
then the inescapable logic of 
the situation leads us to the 
assertion that in our relation- 
ships with one another, we are 
brothers. Now this is a truth 
that causes many of us to gag 
and choke. The implications of 
such a truth are startling and 
they shatter many illusions 
which we cherish. 

If we are aU children of a 
heavenly Father and brothers 
one of another, then at least 
two things are true. 

The human race has unity. 
We are all bound together in 
this thing we call life. If we 
really pray, "OUR Father," 
then we have to give up all 
claims to superiority because 
of the color of our skin. 

Hitler plunged the world into 
a bloody world war because of 
his doctrine of racial superior- 
ity and we goaded the Japanese 
into attacking us by a long 
series of acts which were de- 
signed to remind the Orientals 
that they were inferior to the 
West. And all the tumult and 
tensions in the South and in 
other parts of the nation today 
stem from the fact that white 
supremacy is still very much 
alive in so-called Christian 

All men have dignity. If we 
are all children of a heavenly 
Father and brothers one of an- 
other, then not only is it true 
that the human race has unity 
but also every man has worth 
and dignity. 

Last year when he addressed 
the annual council of the Prot- 
estant Episcopal diocese of Mis- 
sissippi President Milan Davis 
of Okolona College said: "If 
you hate me because I am ig- 
norant, I'll educate myself. If 
you hate me because I am dirty, 
I'll clean myself. If you hate me 
because I am pagan, I will be- 
come a Christian. But if you 
hate me because I am black, I 
can only refer you to God, who 
made me black." 

When we pray "Our Father," 
we lift up, dignify, and glorify 
every man on the face of the 
earth— for these words bind us 
all together in the brotherhood 
of man under the Fatherhood 
of God. 

FEBRUARY 15, 1958 9 

that we had been guilty of an age-old sin— judj 
ing the whole by a part. We now knew tht 
New Jersey was a wonderful state; but w 
should never have judged all of it by the narrow 
belt through which we had traveled to tb 

We are hke that with racial and rehgiou 
groups-judging the whole by a few unhkel 


EUls G. Guthrie 

MY WIFE and I agreed that New Jersey 
was the sorriest state we had ever seen. 
Several times we had gone to Atlantic 
City and once to Ocean City. From Camden, 
New Jersey, to the ocean the ground looks like 
worn-out sand. The scrubby pines seem tired 
and sick, giving the countryside an atmosphere 
of forsaken desolation. 

Then we went to Ocean Grove. This was 
farther north. While the land looked better we 
were nearly blind to the fact. For us New 
Jersey had nothing to commend it save its 
boardwalks and sandy beaches. Then coming 
back we cut oflF the main highway and went up 
through Princeton. We could hardly believe the 
change in scenery was real. 

And we were totally unprepared for Prince- 
ton. Stately buildings were hidden among tall 
trees of luxuriant foliage; well-kept lawns and 
hedges made this one of the most attractive 
towns of our acquaintance. Not all of New 
Jersey was desolate we decided. 

Later we went to Wildwood for our annual 
vacation trek to the ocean. We came back 
throvigh the southern part of the state. We were 
in for our second surprise. Here we saw fine 
orchards, productive truck farming, and pros- 
perous dairy farms. It was then that we realized 



characters. This is one of the roadblocks t< 

During the second world war I was a sum 
mer pastor at my home church near Lima, Ohio 
One afternoon I called in a home where the wift 
was very bitter against the Japanese ( she had < 
son in the Pacific theatre of war). During the 
course of our conversation she emphaticall) 
said that there were no good "Japs." AU were 
tricky, deceitful, cruel. 

I might have felt the same way had I no; 
known better. During my last year in college 
there were three Japanese boys in school (one 
American born, the other two Hawaiian bom) 
With one, a short, well-built young man wili 
musical talent, I became intimately acquainted 
For hours at a time we could talk about religior 
and philosophy, often disagreeing but respect- 
ing each other's personality. 

The three Japanese students were acceptecj 
by the group as any one else. One evening they 
failed to attend a meeting. One of the girls, in 
a censuring tone, asked if they had been invited 
One fellow answered with some surprise : "Why. 
no. Why should they be? We didn't invite the 
other fellows." That was the highest compliment 
he could have paid them though he did so un- 
wittingly. These boys were judged as individ- 
uals, not by the color of their skin or by the 
cruelty of a few of their race. They were ac- 


epted as equals; not as scum to be looked down 
ipon or as supermen to be looked up to. 

I have often wondered what became of Shig- 
ru (Shig, we called him) Matsanaga. He could 
never quite understand the treatment that Japa- 
nese Americans received from the United States 
in World War II. Yet he bore her colors on the 
field of battle. Perhaps it is there that he still 

I was never taught race prejudice at home 
s a boy, but somewhere I picked up a fear of 
[Negroes. One time my mother took me on a 
train trip. At night I wanted to sleep on the 
seat with her because of this fear. After I fell 
asleep she laid me in the next seat facing her. 
In the middle of the night I awoke just as a 
large colored man was going by. My heart al- 
most stopped with fear. He passed on, paying 
no attention to me. That cured me. 

Years later when I was pastor of my first 
church we had three Negroes in our home. 
Barbara, our daughter who was then three years 
old, did not seem to notice the different color of 
their skin. She played with them and sat on one 
young fellow's lap. She had missed the road- 
block of judging all by the few. I hope she never 
runs into it. 

We have the same trouble with other reli- 
gious groups. We judge a group by its worst 
adherents or by wild rumors. 

When my father was a boy, feeling between 
the denominations ran high. I have heard him 
say that whenever, as a young man, he attended 
a church of another denomination he went 
prepared for a verbal whipping. On one such 
occasion the pastor invited him into the pulpit 
to read the scripture (my father was a minister 
in the Church of the Brethren). Dad was 
pleased. He thought, "Tonight we'll worship 
God, not throw verbal brickbats." 

But he was mistaken. The host pastor spent 
all his time preaching against the Church of the 
Brethren in general and against my father in 
particular. However, at the end of his tirade he 
did ask dad if he had anything to say. Unfor- 
tunately, my father was not up to turning the 
other cheek spiritually. There was something 
that he would like to say! And as dad was the 
old-fashioned type of minister who knew his 
Bible from cover to cover, I am sure he gave a 
very effective rebuttal. 


Because some adolescents come into the 
hands of the officers of the law the whole 
teen-age group is given a bad name 

But it was not dad's inherent nature to be 
uncharitable toward other denominations, and 
it was his delight, in his declining years, to have 
visiting ministers from other church denomina- 
tions to preach from his pulpit. He, in turn, 
often spoke in churches of other denominations. 

Although I always try to hold myself free 
from prejudice I find it very easy to accept 
something on hearsay and to judge the majority 
by the few. I had an eye opener one evening 
that has made me less liable to prejudice. One 
night in late July several summers ago, a stran- 
ger came to my door. After he had introduced 
himself he quickly came to the point of his 

FEBRUARY 15. 1958 


visit. He wanted me to minister to his unsaved 
brother who had an incurable disease and was 
steadily growing weaker. He wanted his brother 
to be baptized and join a church. Now, that 
death was inevitably coming, the brother had 
consented, asking my caller to request my serv- 

My visitor then hastened to explain that the 
dying man had been divorced twice and was 
married to his third wife. I then asked my 
visitor with what church he was affiliated. 

"Catholic," he answered simply. I assured 
him that I knew of his church's fine attitude on 
the sanctity of marriage. Our church felt the 
same way. However, I told him that when a 
man was dying and wanted to make his peace 
with God that it was my duty to help him, not 
to stand in his way. My visitor was immensely 
relieved by my attitude. He felt that the Catho- 
lic Church met his every need. However, it 
made no difference to him what church his 
brother chose just as long as he made his peace 
with God. He had chosen mine because he had 
two nieces who belonged. 

The next day I led a person to Christ 
through baptism whom I had never met before. 

This had come about because a Roman Catholiij 
was interested in saving his brother's soul anc! 
was willing to seek aid from a Protestant minis i 
ter. After the service he expressed his gratitude i 
for what I had done. I too was grateful. Thin 
experience had enabled me to take another stejj 
in understanding. 

Yes, my wife and I agreed that New Jersc) 
was the most woeful state we had ever seen; 
The roads we traveled to the shore had ncl 
physical roadblocks but they produced a mental j,. 
roadblock to our appreciation of the state be 
cause they took us through the one part that 
was not scenic or productive. When we saw 
the state as a whole we realized our greal 

We need to avoid this mistake, not just iij| 
our judgment of a state, but of races and reli 
gious groups. 

It is best to judge a group by its average 
families than by either of its extremes. But if 
we must pick an extreme, let us select the 
George Washington Carvers, the Booker T.^ 
Washingtons, and the Marian Andersons of the 
other groups rather than the scum that every 
group, including our own, has. 

I Saw the First Meetinghouse 

I HAD never seen the mother 
church at Germantown. I had 
never been in Germantown. I 
was certain that I would recognize 
the church when I saw it because 
I had looked at pictures of it as 
it appeared in 1770, as it looked 
after a second unit had been added, 
as it is today with a third unit 

It was not the building itself that 
I identified first as we came down 
the long Germantown Avenue from 
downtown Philadelphia. It was 
people gathered on the sidewalk in 
front of the church. There they 
were, familiar faces from Elgin, 
Chicago, Goshen, Allentown, Eliza- 
beth town, Bridgewater, French 
Broad, Empire, Wenatchee. Some 
had come long distances to be pres- 
ent on this January 1, 1958. 

It was with a sense of hesitation, 
awe, reverence that we walked to 
the entrance to the church. Here 
to the left was the small building 
which had been constructed by the 



Edith Barnes 

fathers in 1700. Here was the stone 
floor at the entrance, an area which 
many feet had trod as they went 
to worship during a period of two 
hundred years. There was the door 
which had opened to Alexander 
Mack, Jr., and Christopher Sower, 


This was a sacred place. Men 
of conviction and purpose had built 
it. They had left home, property, 
friends, and country to journey from 
one continent to another to seek 
freedom of conscience in worship. 
In Pennsylvania they found the free- 
dom they sought and started life 
anew. Their prayers were lifted 
here; their inteipretation of the 
Scriptures expounded. 

When they first settled in Amer- 
ica, the church fathers met in homes 
for worship. There seemed to be 
no effort in the early days to build 
a house of worship. In fact, it was 
forty-seven years after that memor- 
able Christmas Day of 1723 when 

the first church was erected. This 
church at Germantown was the first 
one and it was dedicated July 8, 
1770. In the Pettikoffer house, 
which was near the church, services 
were held for some years, perhaps 
ten. In this house a room and a 
kitchen were set apart "rent free." 
Early in its history the Church of 
the Brethren was active in social 
welfare, providing a house for the 
widow and the fatherless. And 
when the new stone church was 
used for worship the Pettikoffer 
House was set apart "for the com- 
fort of widows"; and it remained 
such a home for a hundred years. 

This old church, thirty feet 
square, was substantially built. Its 
walls are eighteen inches thick. 
There was a basement under the 
building, of good height, with a 
large fireplace for cooking and mak- 
ing the necessary preparation for 
love feast occasions. The floor was 
of yellow pine, very hard and full 
of pitch; the boards were carefully 
selected. The floor boards rest on 
a bed of mortar which is supported 

by a layer of split oak lath. The 
nails in the boards were handmade. 
Above the ceihng had been a loft 
in which it is thought Christopher 
Sower stored the sheets of his third 
edition of the Bible. About a hun- 
dred years ago the room was re- 
modeled, the windows arched, the 
ceihng raised, and new seats put 
in. This meetinghouse is still in use. 

In this room are articles which 
were used in the worship services. 
There is a Christopher Sower Bible 
(1776), a Basil German Bible 
(1729), a Guneberg Bible (1665), 
and other Bibles. There are the 
cups from which the Brethren drank 
at communion occasions, the fork 
and spoon which was used in the 
fellowship meal at love feast, the 
tall pewter candlesticks which 
furnished hght at times of worship. 
There is the poor box, a metal con- 
tainer which received money gifts 
for those in need. In the early days 
the church took care of the needy 
within its fellowship. On the walls 
of the room hang large plaques 
dedicated to Alexander Mack and 
Christopher Sower. And there is 
another dedicated to Peter Keyser, 
who was pastor of the Germantown 
and Philadelphia churches for sixty 

Just inside the stately iron fence 
around the parsonage lawn hard 
by is a bronze plaque stating that 
this is the "Church of the Brethren. 
Founded 1719. Mother Church of 
the Denomination in America. In 
the battle of Germantown, Oct. 4, 
1776, General Francis Nash of North 
Carolina was mortally wounded 
here and carried with the American 
army in its retreat. He died three 
days later and was buried at 
Towamencin Mennonite cemetery 
near Kulpsville. The same ball 
which killed General Nash killed 
his aide Major James Witherspoon, 
whose grave is at St. Michael's 
Lutheran cemetery. Six other sol- 
diers killed in the battle were buried 

Thus it has been from the start 
of the church; its loyal adherents 
spoke out against taking the oath 
and serving in the mihtary forces. 
But wars were waged and military 
training continued. The voice of 
love and nonviolence in the church 
was not then and is not now loud 
enough to deter preparations for 
war and put an end to violence. 
Force has been louder than love 
in the attempts of governments to 
cure the world's ills. 

The Germantown church is not 

a large church, but it is a church 
of beauty. In its colonial architec- 
ture there is an impression of time- 
lessness and appropriateness for 
worship. The sanctuary in use today 
is larger than the original one and 
joins the first one. Its walls are 
white. The pews are dark. In the 
evening glow of falling darkness the 
indirect lighting around the walls 
near the ceiling and the candlelike 
lights on the side walls give out 
a soft light that enhances the atmos- 
phere for quietness and reverence 
to set the tone for a love feast and 
communion service. 

An impressive spot in the area 
is the cemetery in the rear of the 
church. When some of the stones 
were erected there was expanse of 
square feet in green earth all about. 
Now the area has its hmits. On 
one side there is a heavy stone wall 
keeping back the activities of civili- 
zation which go on on back porches 
and in small backyards of a sohd 
row of city houses. On the other 
two sides there is a high, heavy 
wire fence keeping out the traflBc 
of building and waste in modern 
construction. In this enclosure, un- 
touched by the inroads of contem- 

FEBRUARY 15. 1958 



A Tribute and a Prayer ' ! 

At the Grave ol Alexander Mack li 

Germantown, Pennsylvania , 

Spirit of Alexander Mack: 

You lost your mills and your fortune in a land ofi 
tyranny and found a resting place for your body 
in a land of freedom. 
You lost your battle to purify the church from j 
within but your quest to discover more fully I 
the pure mind of Christ continues on. 
You failed in your crusade to abolish war and 
bloodshed in your own generation, but the 
instruments of peace which you forged are with 
us still and the Prince of Peace is our Lord. 
God have mercy upon us gathered here and help us 
to seek first the kingdom which is everlasting. Amen. 

—Paul H. BowTnan 

porary living, stand the straight, 
long rows of tombstones, many of 
them. They are white and clean, 
leaving an impression of attentive 
care for preservation. Some of the 
inscriptions are almost beyond de- 
ciphering. The inevitable erosion of 
stone markers continues with the 
passing of years. Nearly all the old 
family names of those who lived 
at Germantown are represented 
here, and in some cases many of 
the same family and several genera- 
tions, in a few cases five and six 
generations. Among the many 
graves is an unmarked one, that 
of Harriet Livermore, the Pilgrim 
Stranger in Whittier's Snow Bound. 
Alexander Mack once said to his 
family, "Now when I am gone, 
don't mark my grave, or they might 
sometime want to erect a monument 
over it." The family protested 
against an unmarked grave and 
finally got his consent to place his 
initials on a small stone slab. After 
his death in 1735, a quite unpre- 
tentious blue slate stone, bearing 
the initials A M, was erected at 
the place of burial in Axe's burying 
ground. Here his body rested for 
159 years. Later it was desirable 

that his remains should be removed 
from this unkept cemetery. On 
November 13, 1894, twenty-five 
descendants of Alexander Mack of 
the fifth, sixth, seventh, and eighth 
generations were present at a service 
and erected a plain white marble 
headstone in the Germantovvm 

church cemetery. On this stone 
are the words, "The first minister 
and organizer of the Church of 
the Brethren in the year 1708, 
bom at Schriesheim, Germany, 
1679, came to Germantown 1729, 
died 1735. Removed from Axe's 
Burying Ground." 

On this first day of January 1958 
we stood in the cemetery near the 
grave of Alexander Mack and 
waited in silence, with profound 
emotions, while the chairman of the 
250th Anniversary Committee, Paul 
H. Bowman, gave tribute to the 
founder of the church. " 



Famflq Fun Fare 

Introducing a new feature in which our readers share their experiences 
in wholesome family fun; why not send information about your best family 
games, songs, contests, and informal worship ideas to the Recreation Depart- 
ment, General Brotherhood Board, 22 S. State Street, Elgin, Illinois? 

"The Ukulele" 

I SPEAK for the ukulele as a superior instrument to accompany informal 
group singing. It is light and practical to "tote," even on a regular hike. 
Its tone and volume inspire participation rather than dominate. It 
provides a rhythm which can be heard and seen, as well as four-part har- 
mony to guide the harmonizers. 

An ear for harmony, rather than technical musical training, is most 
useful to self-taught playing. Time and persistence to work out basic 
families of chords and to limber one's fingers are the prime requisite, granted 
the essential ability to learn and a musical ear. 

The ukulele can bring the family fun on hikes, picnics, fellowship 
situations of all sorts, while resting or traveling, on the beach or on a 
mountaintop, at home or abroad, with nursery children or adults, around 
the campfire, or the dining table. A ukulele in the hands of a relaxed happy 
person is a real asset to recreational singing. — Submitted by Jane Miller 



PHILADELPHIA, the city of 
brotherly love, saw a dem- 
onstration of this love as 200 
Brethren observed in historic Ger- 
iTiantown the traditional love feast 
ijf the New Testament church. 
I The feet-washing ceremony, the 
Lord's supper and the holy com- 
Imunion which took place on Jan- 
uary 1 were no innovation in that 
jarea, however. For the love feast 
'has been observed at Germantown 
'For 235 years. It was there in 1723 
that the first church, the German- 
town congregation, the first bap- 
tisms and the first love feast of the 
Brethren in America were all 

I While the pattern and purpose 
of the first and the most recent 
love feast services bear many strik- 
!ing similarities, there were also some 
very discernible differences, indica- 
tive of the decades of growth and 

! At the first love feast on Christ- 
|mas Day, 1723, all the members 
iof the church in America were pres- 
lent. At the recent New Year's Day 
Ijlove feast, though the worshipers 
jwere ten times more numerous, they 
j represented only one-one thou- 
jsandth of the stateside membership 
of the church. 

Included in the first love feast 
were some from the neighboring 
' district of Coventry, forty miles 
' northwest of Germantown. In- 
I eluded in the recent service were 
i Brethren from forty-two of the 
' church's forty-eight districts in 
North America. 

The first Germantown love feast 
came fifteen years after the founding 
of the church, and Brethren were 
living on two continents. As the 
250th anniversary of the church was 
inaugurated by the recent German- 
town commemoration. Brethren 
were living and serving on five 
j continents. 

! More fundamental distinctions 

i can be drawn. Among them is the 

I fact that those German refugees 

I who observed this New Testament 

I ordinance in 1723 had been severely 

oppressed by other religious groups, 

Protestants included. Since then the 

climate of interchurch relations has 

so changed that representatives of 

ecumenical councils participated 

in the 1958 love feast, enriching 

the depth of Christian fellowship 

Howard Royer 

and extending its dimension beyond 
the rigid confines of a once closed 

"Your sister churches of many 
denominations and many nations re- 
joice with you in the 250 years of 
your distinctive witness of brother- 
hood and service in the name of 
Christ throughout the world," com- 
mented R. H. Edwin Espy, bringing 
the greetings of the National Coun- 
cil of Churches to the anniversary 
love feast. As National Council's 
newly elected associate general sec- 
retary, he told the Brethren that 
out of their years of emigration, 

expansion, persecution, separation, 
consolidation, and growth they have 
come to a time of supreme need 
in the affairs of men. "It is a time 
that calls as perhaps never before 
in history for the qualities of spirit 
and living for which Brethren have 
always stood," he said. 

Dr. Espy commented briefly on 
the ecumenical movement, acknowl- 
edging the willingness of the Breth- 
ren to share the verities of their 
faith with sister churches and to 
give leadership to what he called 
"a movement of the spirit, and not 
an organization or institution." 

The morning session on New 
Year's Day heard V. F. Schwalm 
speak on The Mind of Christ Re- 
vealed. In his historical review of 
the Christian church from the Refor- 
mation up to 1708, when the found- 
ing of the Brethren took place in 
Continued on page 18 

The bread which we break is the communion of the body of Christ 

FEBRUARY 15. 1958 



Pre-registrations for the March 3-7 Brethren Adult 
Seminar are to be postmarked by February 16. An 
extra $1.00 is charged for late registrations. 

Middle Pennsylvania is holding a leadership training 
conference at the Leamersville church on March 3. 
Two sessions, beginning at 3: 30 and 7: 30 p.m., are 
planned, based on the theme, Audio-Visual Education 
in the Church School. 

To help co-ordinate junior high work in the South- 
eastern Region, all district junior high directors, the 
regional and Brotherhood directors and the associate 
regional secretary will be meeting on Feb. 22 at 
Bridgewater, Va. 

The women of the East Petersburg church, Pa., are 
sponsoring the presentation of the pageant which was 
given at the Richmond Annual Conference in the 
Hempfield high school at Landisville, Pa., on March 8, 
at 7: 30 p.m. Those in the local church will portray 
Da Vinci's Last Supper prior to the pageant. 

W. Arthur Cable died suddenly at his home in 
Tucson, Ariz., on Jan. 25. A graduate of Manchester 
College, Dr. Cable taught for three years at Mt. Morris 
College; from 1925 until his death he was connected 
with the University of Arizona. He was the leading 
spirit in establishing the Church of the Brethren in 

Several Brethren were among those spending the 
week of Feb. 3-7 in Washington, D.C., at the invitation 
of the U.S. Department of Health, Education, and 
Welfare to see what is new and different in their 
program. They were Mrs. Max Murray, Roanoke, Va.; 
Mr. and Mrs. George Kunz, Boonsboro, Md.; Duane 
Ramsey, pastor of the Washington, D.C., church; and 
James Renz, director of the social welfare department 
of the Brethren Service Commission. 

Beginning in this issue is the first of a series of 
articles on the Lord's Prayer by John C. Middlekauff, 
the pastor of the Stone church, Huntingdon, Pa. Other 
contributors to this issue are H. H. Helman, a retired 
pastor living in Ohio, and Ellis G. Guthrie, pastor of 
the Eaton church in Southern Ohio. Howard Royer, 
youth editor, and Edith Barnes, assistant church school 
publications editor, have written about the 250th 
Anniversary celebration at Germantown. 

Summer camp plans and activities point toward 
another good year for camping. Feb. 21 finds the 
Southeastern Region camping committee meeting at 
Bridgewater to develop details for the annual regional 
camp leaders training conference. On March 1 at 
Ephrata, Pa., and March 15 at First York, Camp 
Swatara will be holding camp conferences to interest 
and train prospective leaders. Camp Peniel's program 
committee and deans will formulate leadership re- 
cruitment and training plans at their meeting in 
the Frederick church on March 11. 



Lorraine Johnson from the Slifer church in Northemi \ 
Iowa began work in the finance ofiice of the Generaln 
Brotherhood Board on Jan. 6. Eleanor Wooters from:! 
the Fairview church in Mardela has begun work as:! 
office secretary in the adult department in the Brother- '. 
hood offices. i 

Middle Indiana's board of Christian education isjj 
sponsoring a peace poster contest to stimulate interest!; 
in finding ways of creating peace and goodwill. There: 
are two classes: Class A for those below eighteen years, ' 
and Class B for those over eighteen. The contest entries; 
must be in by April 10. For further information write: 

E. Paul Weaver, Mexico, Ind. 

Word has been received from the American Friends l! 
Service Committee that due to the warm response and 
the large amount of letters requesting additional copies 
of the petition blanks on nuclear testing and disarma- 
ment, the deadline for the signed petitions to reach 
the AFSC office has been extended to Feb. 25. Copies 
of the petition were mailed to pastors in December. 

Bro. Minor C. Miller was recognized by the Virginia 
Council of Churches at a banquet in his honor in 
Richmond at the Hotel Jefferson recently. Brother 
Miller has retired as executive-secretary of the council. 
To Brother Miller goes credit for developing one of the 
more extensive weekday religious education programs 
among the several states. He is a foremost authority in . 
this field to which he has given leadership for more 
than thirty years. 

Bequests in wills were received by the General 
Brotherhood Board from seventeen estates in its fiscal 
year ending Sept. 30, 1957. The total sum, $152,156.58, 
represents either a full or partial payment of the 
gifts provided for the board in their wills by the 
following people: C. E. Brower, Jonas P. and Sarah 
Gripe, Elizabeth Gates, Christian P. Gibbel, Mrs. Mary 

F. Harley, Clara E. Kessler, Mrs. Fannie R. Lavell, 
L. Hortense Lear, Eldo & Maggie Leedy, Esther V. 
McCormick, George Miller, John E. and Jeanette 
Miller, James H. Morris, Mrs. Irene Musser, Mrs. 
Fannie Stayer, Mrs. Matilda J. Thomas, Edwin West. 
The sum of $65,573.39 was received from matured 
annuity plan gifts. The board has made semiannual 
payments to these donors but either death or voluntary 
waiver by the donor releases the principal to the board 
for its use. Donors making these matured gifts include: 

G. H. Arbegast, M. Lela Bonebrake, Eli A. Bowman, 
Elizabeth Brower, Mrs. Mamie H. Cline, Mrs. Emma 
L. Forney, Isaac Cochenour, Mrs. Lizzie J. Gottshall, 
Mrs. Mary F. Harley, Mrs. Mary A. Heeter, Mrs. Mary 
Holsinger, David L. Jamison, Rufus G. Layman, 
B. Frank Long, Mrs. Mary Malmsbeny, Mrs. Mollie C. 
Miller, Mrs. Sarah Royer, Mrs. Jennie Sanford, Charles 
W. Schrock, David Shank, John C. Zug. New gifts 
on the annuity plan were received to the extent of 
$57,600. Gifts of real estate, stocks, and cash aside 
from the Brotherhood Fund were received in which 
the donor retains life use or income. The value of 
these gifts will be reported when the donor has, by 
voluntary waiver or death, relinquished further claim. 

: < 


Brotherhood Theme: Brethren Under the Lordship of Christ 

Elizabethtown College 
Progress on the addition to the Gibble Science 
uilding on campus is noted; however, the new wing 
ill not be finished by its scheduled completion date, 
m. 18, according to Earl Kurtz, college treasurer- 
iisiness manager. Workers have been hampered by 
lack of key materials and unfavorable weather con- 
itions. It is expected that at least two classrooms on 
le ground floor of the building will be available for 
se early in the second semester. The remainder of 
le building will be completed as the semester pro- 
resses. When completed, the first floor of the colonial- 
/pe brick structure will include a lecture room for 
00 students, two classrooms, a visual education room, 
nd several offices. The second floor will house the 
liology department and a departmental library. Floor 
pace for the chemistry, biology, and physics depart- 
lents will be doubled when the new wing is completed. 
President Baugher served on an evaluating commit- 
ee from the Middle States Association of Colleges 
md Secondary Schools for the Nyack Missionary Col- 
ege in Nyack, N. Y., Jan. 19 to 22. 

President and Mrs. A. C. Baugher attended the 
mnual meetings of the Committee on Higher Educa- 
:ion for the Church of the Brethren (Jan. 5-6) and 
;he Association of American Colleges (Jan. 7-9) in 
Miami, Fla. Dr. Baugher is chairman of the Brethren 
'Committee on Higher Education. Later, the Baughers 
lattended a meeting of Elizabethtown College alumni 
)in the Sebring, Fla., area. Dr. Baugher spoke three 
imes in the Sebring Church of the Brethren on a 
[discussion of the Book of Job. 

The senior class of the college voted to donate a 
sound system to the college as the class memorial. The 
system will be used in the college dining hall. 

Further progress on plans to enlarge the Harris- 
,burg. Pa., college center was announced by the heads 
: of the four co-operating institutions following a meeting 
I recently. In addition to Elizabethtown, Lebanon Valley 
[College, Pennsylvania State University and Temple 
; University are presently co-operating in operating the 
j center, which offers both graduate and undergraduate 
I courses. Dr. Baugher is chairman of the committee 
investigating the possibilities of expansion. 
i The college will again take part in a series of 
television programs entitled College of the Air on 
I WGAL-TV during the second semester, according to 
Dean Roy McAuley. Elizabethtown faculty members 
and alumni will appear each Tuesday morning to dis- 
cuss Problems in Personal Finance. Reports from 
WGAL-TV indicate that the program was well received 
during the first semester. 

President A. C. Baugher has been appointed to 
represent the Association of American Colleges on a 
joint commission of the American Association for the 
Advancement of Science and the American Association 
of Colleges for Teacher Education. The commission 
will deal primarily with matters relating to improving 
the education of science and mathematics teachers. 

Included in the preholiday activities on the campus 
was a performance of the oratorio. The Redemption, 
by the college orchestra and chorus. The production 
was directed by Prof. Nevin Fisher, head of the vocal 
music department of the college. Once to Every Man, 

an original Christmas play by Mrs. Clarence G. Enter- 
line, college dramatics coach, was also seen. 

Prof. Nevin W. Fisher announced that the annual 
schedule of off-campus concerts by the college choir 
will begin Feb. 9 in Lancaster, Pa. The choir will 
present concerts in at least 20 cities in southern and 
central Pennsylvania during the season, which con- 
cludes May 4. 

Prof. Robert Byerly, director of religious activities 
on the campus, reported that fifteen deputation teams 
have been sent to churches in the Eastern and South- 
ern Pennsylvania districts of the church. Seven more 
teams are scheduled to be sent out later. 

Everett M. Fasnacht, director of education and 
recruitment for the Foreign Mission Commission of 
the General Brotherhood Board, interviewed students 
here on Jan. 14. 

The Church Calendar 
February 16 

Lesson outline based on International Sunday School 
Lessons; the International Bible Lessons for Christian 
Teaching, copyrighted 1951 by the Division of Chris- 
tian Education, National Council of Churches of Christ 
in the U.S.A. 

Sunday-school Lesson: The Preaching Ministry of the 
Church. Luke 4:42-43; 5:1-3; Rom. 10:14-17; 1 Cor. 
1: 18-31; Eph. 3: 7-19. Memory Selection: Faith comes 
from what is heard, and what is heard comes by the 
preaching of Christ. Rom. 10: 17 (R.S.V.) 

Feb. 16-23 Brotherhood Week 

Feb. 18-21 Pacific Coast regional conference, Fresno, 

Feb. 19 Ash Wednesday 

Feb. 21 World Day of Prayer 

Feb. 23 Commitment Sunday 

March 3-7 Adult seminar, Washington, D. C, and New 
York City 

March 7-8 Central Region daily vacation Bible school 
conference, Manchester College, Ind. 

March 16 One Great Hour of Sharing 

With Our Evangelists 

Will you pray for the success of these meetings? 
Will you share the burden which these laborers carry? 

Bro. Oliver Bearing of New Lebanon, Oliio, in the 
Rossville church, Ind., Feb. 17— March 2. 

Bro. S. Clyde Weaver of Lancaster, Pa., in the Maple 
Grove church, Ohio, Feb. 23— March 9. 

Bro. Robert O. Hess of Manheim, Pa., in the Rouzerville 
church, Pa., March 9-16. 

Bro. Reuel Pritchett of White Pine, Tenn., in the 
Schuylkill church. Pa., March 16-30. 

Bro. William Longenecker of Mt. Joy, Pa., in the Ship- 
pensburg church, Pa., March 9-16. 

Bro. Jere Cassel of Manheim, Pa., in the Heidelberg 
church. Pa., March 9-23. 

Gains for the Kingdom 

Fifteen baptized in the Gashala church, Nigeria. Two 
baptized in the Garkida church, Nigeria. Four baptized 
in the Gulak church, Nigeria. 

Fifteen baptized and three received by letter in the 
East Petersburg church. Pa. 

Eight baptized and four received by letter in the Flat 
Creek church, Ky. 

FEBRUARY 15. 1958 


The 250th Year Begins 

Continued from page 15 

Germany, he traced the conditions 
and thinking which influenced the 
Brethren beginnings. 

Dr. Schwalm contended, as have 
earher Brethren historians, that the 
Lutheran Reformation was incom- 
plete, and that, as Dr. T. T. Myers 
had said, it had made for pacifica- 
tion of conscience but not for the 
sanctification of life. It is not sur- 
prising. Dr. Schwalm added, that 
there arose in cential Europe a large 
number of Christian groups wanting 
to go further. 

With a bit of jest he alluded to 
the advice on baptism given by 
Ernest Hockmann, a GeiTnan mystic 
who greatly influenced the early 
Brethren. Upon hearing of the bap- 
tism of the eight persons in the 
Eder River, he wrote that lest they 
baptize with water those who had 
not been baptized with the spirit, 
they should not become too sectarian 
and insist that every one be baptized 
in the same manner. "It would ap- 
pear from discussions at the 1957 
Annual Conference that there are 
many who regret that Hochmann's 
advice was not taken," Dr. Schwalm 

"It is not too diflBcult to see that 
they (the founders of the church) 
made some mistakes and we have 
made many since. We need not 
deify them and extol all they did 
and follow bhndly. Perhaps they 
let their diflFerences divide them too 
often," he said. "I would not rec- 
ommend that we should, even if 
we could, reproduce and duplicate 
their eighteenth century church in 
the twentieth century. But I am 
convinced that there were certain 
quahties of life in them which our 
generation seriously needs — their 
reverence, their devotion to the 
Scriptures, their courage, and will- 
ingness to share for the cause of 
Christ as they saw it." 

Harper S. Will addressed the 
Germantown assembly on the topic, 
The Mind of Christ in Judgment. 
He described judgment as one of 
the major concepts of Christianity. 

Brethren under the Lordship of 
Christ, the anniversary theme, calls 
us to look to Christ as Savior, make 
him Lord, and accept the disciplines 
of his judgment. Brother Will as- 
serted. He inteipreted this judg- 
ment to be not only certain and 
final, but continuous. "Every day 



is judgment day. Heaven and hell 
are not afterthoughts of God," they 
are attached to our every thought, 
word, and deed. 

"Christ is inescapble, and whether 
we will it or not, we live out our 
days under the judgment of his 
mind," Brother Will asserted. Jesus 
had toiled with his disciples, strug- 
gling with their hesitant humanity, 
only to discover near the end of 
his fellowship with them that they 
were far from the kingdom. The 
events in the Upper Room rebuked 
their irresponsiveness as servants 
and the announcement of the be- 
trayed led each to examine himself, 
"Is it I?" Brother Will added that 
the goal of Christendom is that the 
whole of humanity be brought un- 
der judgment of Christ, to stand 
in the presence of Christ in the 
Upper Room. 

The speaker pressed for self-ex- 
amination by the Brethren. "An 
outward imitation of the Master is 
never sufficient. The distance may 
be wide between washing someone's 
feet and genuine humility," he 

As a lover expresses his love by 
incarnating it into some expression— 
a look, a whisper, a touch, a kiss, 
a letter, or some material channel— a 

Vision Improved 


Dedicated to a friend's glasses 
My helpful new biiocals 

Improve my faulty sight. 
For both the distant and the near 

I now can see aright. 

My spirit needs biiocals 
To make its vision clear — 

To see God "high and lifted up/' 
But also very near. 

My outlook on my brother 
Would surely alter some. 

Revealing not just what he is 
But what he can become. 

And I would gain perspective 
Upon my own soul's worth. 

And glimpse far-off that fairer 
That lies beyond this earth. 

Next I shall need trifocals 
To view the space between 

And walk the path from here to 
Sure-footed and serene. 

genuine Christian expresses Christi 
anity through forms or rites. Liki 
the floating iceberg, of which onlj 
one eighth is visible, it is th» 
hidden aspect of any rite that give; ; 
it primary significance, he ex'J 
plained. "Rites are a necessity irl 
expressing the Christian faith; 
Caught as we are in our pride and' 
willfulness, in our greed and sin.) 
we need every means of grace avail^i 
able through the example and teach-jl 
ing of Jesus." i' 

Morley J. Mays delivered the final 
of the three addresses on the mind! 
of Christ, his entitled The Mindj 
of Christ SymboHzed. | 

"Christianity has no other starting.! 
point than the mystery which wei 
sense in our experience of the \ad- 
verse about us," he remarked. "He ' 
who has no awareness of mystery i 
is not fit for the kingdom." • 

Dr. Mays pointed out that in 
penetrating the mystery, the Chris- 
tian sees the answers to man's 

"Our knowledge of the mystery; 
is symbolic, and oin: language is 
the symbol," he said. "We depend 
for our attachment to God on the 
symbols which Jesus Christ estab- 
lished and left behind him. In ways . 
mediated to us by these symbols, , j 
we can have intimations of creative ! 
power and loving purpose break 1; 
through to us from the heart of the (j 

Nevin H. Zuck, presiding over i 
the service of self-examination, re- ■ 
minded the communicants that, as ' 
J. B. Phillips has written, "to partake 
of the Lord's supper is a supremely 
serious matter." This service closed 
the afternoon session, which was 
followed by a brief memorial cere- 
mony led by Paul H. Bowman at 
the grave of Alexander Mack in the 
Germantown burial grounds, and a 
tour conducted by B. F. Waltz and 
William G. Willoughby. 

Edward K. Ziegler ofiiciated at 
the anniversary love feast and holy 
communion. The same order of 
service has been repeated in hun- 
dreds of congregations in the in- 
auguration of 250th Anniversary 
celebrations locally. 

In the Germantown sanctuary 
men and women sat together during 
all but the preparatory ceremony 
of feet washing, at which time they 
retired to separate rooms. A period 
of praise and confession preceded 
this sacrament of serving love. The 
agape meal — the sacrament of 
showing love — and the holy com- 
munion — the sacrament of redeem- 

Representatives from over the Brotherhood observe the love feast at Germantown on January 1 

pg love— followed, and the service 
ilosed with thanksgiving and 

Assisting with the leading of wor- 
hip were Delbert B. Flora, S. Lor- 
!n Bowman, Harry K. Zeller, Jr., 
4rs. M. Guy West, J. Quinter Mil- 
er, Ralph W. Schlosser, and B. F. 

Other leaders of the morning, 
lOon and afternoon services were 
'aul H. Bowman, S. Loren Bow- 
nan, Nevin W. Fisher, Stanley Dot- 
erer, DeWitt Miller, and Nevin H. 

Special guests introduced at the 
loon luncheon, held in a neighbor- 
ng church, included: Rev. Miles 
Paber, Ashland, Ohio, moderator of 
he National Fellowship of Brethren 
Dhurches; Dr. Delbert B. Flora, 
lean of Ashland Theological Semi- 
lary, and Rev. W. Clayton Berk- 
;hire, general secretary. Mission 
Board of the Brethren church, both 
)f Ashland, Ohio; Miss Leila Ander- 
ion, associate general secretary for 
urogram. Dr. and Mrs. J. Quinter 
Vliller, associate general secretary 
'or field operations, and Dr. R. H. 
Eldwin Espy, associate general sec- 
•etary, all of the National Council 
)f Churches, New York; Dr. An- 
irew Cordier, administrative assist- 
mt to the secretary general of the 
United Nations, New York; and 

Rev. William Powell, secretary 
of the Philadelphia Council of 

Church of the Brethren represent- 
atives included, in addition to those 
sent by the forty-two districts, six 
representatives each of men's work 
and women's work; nine youth; six- 
teen pastors from the North Atlantic 
district, sixteen members of the 
Germantown church, seventeen Gen- 
eral Brotherhood Board members, 
the presidents of all Brethren insti- 
tutions, with the exception of D. W. 
Bittinger, who was ill, members of 
the anniversary committee, and 
twelve members of the Brotherhood 

Paul H. Bowman, chairman of 
the 250th anniversary committee, 
summarized in a morning address 
the history of the Brethren at Ger- 
mantown. He stressed that those 
who came for the anniversary love 
feast journeyed there as a holy pil- 
grimage, but only to recognize the 
significance of Germantown to the 
religious heritage which the early 
Brethren have passed along. "It 
was here in the new land of Penn's 
forest that they failed to find the 
millennium of which they had 
dreamed, but where they did con- 
tribute to the formation of a new 
government founded upon prin- 
ciples which they advocated." 

Brother Bowman remarked that 
our fathers did not abide long in 
their first settlement at German- 
town. "In like manner, today is 
not the end but the beginning of 
our celebration. We have no inten- 
tion of abiding here, either in body 
or spirit. The lure of the past must 
not and shall not obscure our 

What happened following Ger- 
mantown's first love feast 235 years 
ago is almost beyond measure. We 
do know that within the first year 
the twenty-three members had in- 
augm-ated the founding of three new 
churches. Will the same zeal and 
endeavor come from the recent 200 
delegates to Germantown, and from 
the 200,000 Brethren they repre- 
sent, or when 1958 is passed, wfU 
they have inaugurated only a 250th 



God "inhabiteth eternity" — 
Eternity, set, in part. 

High in the holy heavens and 
The humble, contrite heart. 

FEBRUARY 15, 1958 


; il 



OUR OHimC^ WORK IN theWqrlr/todaY' 

The Lord's Business 

A FARMER friend and I 
walked through a field of 
maize. Giant ears were 
browning on the green stalks and 
he was thrilled because this was the 
first harvest in four years. He told 
me how much money was involved 
in getting the harvest, how he 
planned, worked, dreamed, and ad- 
ministered the farm. It was thrill- 
ing business! 

As he related his work as a good 
husbandman, I thought of the Apos- 
tle Paul's words, "Study to show 
thyself approved unto God . . . 
rightly dividing the word of truth." 
Paul was interested in a harvest, too. 
It was not long before we stood 
in the field talking about the great 
harvest of God. I shared a few 
ideas necessary for the Lord's busi- 

First, church men and women 
need to be reminded that their 
primary business is the harvest. This 
goal and ultimate purpose must ever 
be the guidepost in their fields of 
endeavor. Our minds, our desires, 
our visions, our plans, our methods, 
our disciplines, our records, and 
our emotional energies must be di- 
rected towards this harvest. Chris- 
tians, without this ultimate concern 
for personal dedication and growth, 
have lost the vision of the historical 
Christ and contact with the per- 
sonal Savior. 

Having established their ultimate 
purpose, (/hristians must use again 
and again the daily, week by week, 
preparations that eventuate in har- 
vest. These five are basic: dedi- 
cation to Christ as Savior; personal 
devotions and inner discipline; 
service to God and man at home 
and abroad; participating fellow- 
ship with Christ's people; and con- 
stant use of the guidebook, the 
New Testament. Christians can no 
more reap a harvest without these 
basic preparations than a farmer 



C. E. Dumond 

can without tools, seed, and soil 

Then, too. Christians will know 
that the harvest depends on proper 
administration of the harvest field, 
Christ's church. If Brethren oper- 
ated their farms and businesses as 
they tend the Lord's business most 
of them would be bankrupt! Good 
administration is simply the best 
use of resources to achieve harvest. 
It means the establishment of goals, 
uniform tests and measurement of 
kingdom results, constant recruit- 
ments of harvest workers or church 
leaders, local review of tangible and 
intangible results, a review by dis- 
trict or state leaders of harvest facts, 
and the ever-present adventuresome 
spirit on quest for a greater to- 

Realizing the importance of 
prayer, participation, plans, projects, 
and programming to a church fel- 
lowship, I worked out a ten-point 
check list to be used by church ad- 
ministrators. I find my own harvest 
operation needing improvement in 
some of these areas. Here's the 

1. Are workers organized with 
two-deep leadership (an assistant 
worker for every major job)? 

2. Are there effective working 
groups? (Age and interest groups 
give permanence to the organiza- 

3. Is the program planned on a 
yearly basis? Does it have all as- 
pects of the Brotherhood, district, 
and local programs under considera- 
tion? Are job analysis sheets given 
to workers for their indvidual jobs? 
Are workers' conferences held regu- 

4. Are there adequate social 
activities for all age groups? 

5. Are there service projects to 
community, college, church homes, 
missions, or some other cause away 
from home? 

6. Is adequate stewardship main- 

tained by regular reports of churcl ' 
income and expenditures, establish-, l| 
ing a modified unified budget, anq 
planned stewardship education? 

7. Does the membership of the 
church and individual classes show' 
a gain each year and a positive pro- 
gram of evangelism? (Population 
statistics will be used in comparing 
the need or non-need for actual 
numerical gain.) 

8. Are Brethren literature materi- ; 
als used through the church and j 
church school? 

9. Is the Gospel Messenger, the 
official paper of the Church of the- 
Brethren, found in at least seventy- 
five per cent of the homes? 

10. Is the church always repre- 
sented at the district, regional, and 
national meetings of the church? 

This check list can help a Chris- 
tian administrator know the areas 
in which his church needs improve- 
ment in reaching a greater harvest. 
Harvest comes through work and 
the good grace of God. If we tend 
the fields as we should, God will 
give a response to our efforts. In- 
deed, whatsoever we sow, we shall 

Readers Write 

Continued from page 2 

joyed her article, "His Kingdom in 
My Kitchen." 

The Messenger fills a real need in 
every Brethren home, and the high 
quality of writing is commendable 
to the writers whose contributions 
are used. I look forward to getting 
our Messenger each week.— Mrs. 
Clara Zimmerman, Tiffin, Ohio. 

Accompanied by Scripture 

The article that Bro. J. M. Blough 
wrote (Dec. 21) is a piece that all 
should read. The Word is not 
preached as it should be. . . . 

I think the articles should be ac- 
companied with the Scripture. That 
is why I read it. If it is not, it is 
man-made and that is not going to 
save anyone. Matt. 7: 21 tells us 
who will not be saved and Matt. 
7:24 tells us why. I hope you will 
see that better articles are printed.— 
Bessie Burner, Woodstock, Va. 

The Church at Work 

^ #^1.* t^^ ' 

} ■" I 

H. Armstrong Roberts 

Counsel on Counseling 

In his nationally syndicated newspaper column on December 7, 1957, 
Dr. Paul Popenoe pointed up the importance of clergymen as counselors. 
Dr. Popenoe is associated with the American Institute of Family Relations 
(5287 Sunset Blvd., Los Angeles 27, Calif.) which is a nonprofit marriage 
education, counseling, and research organization. Throughout its twenty- 
seven years of activity the institute has always been eager to work with 
clergymen of all faiths, as it believes wholeheartedly in the importance of 
ethical and religious values. 

Permission to reproduce this newspaper column message was granted 
by the American Institute of Family Relations. 

Dr. Paul Popenoe Says: 


"Although there are several good- 
sized cities in our part of the coun- 
try," Mrs. R. writes, "I can't learn 
of any specialist in marriage coun- 
seling within a hundred miles of us. 
There seem to be a few psycholo- 
gists who, to judge by their listings 
in the telephone books, are devoted 
to vocational guidance and educa- 
tional problems, and there are sev- 
eral psychiatrists associated with a 
public hospital for mental diseases 
about seventy miles from here. I 
don't seem to feel that any of these 
can give me and my husband the 
help we need. What next?" 

You are more likely to find the 

help you need by consulting a 
clergyman, than in any other way, 
Mrs. R. There are also many good 
counselors in other professions— ex- 
ecutives of Christian associations, 
teachers, and the like, but they are 
sometimes harder to find. If your 
problem is one which your minister 
feels he cannot handle, he will refer 
you to someone who can. We get 
many such referrals at the American 
Institute of Family Relations. 

Historically, counseling has been 
a function of the clergy. It is only 
in the last generation or two that 
others, such as psychiatrists and 
psychologists, have entered the field. 

These newcomers have almost al- 
ways been trained merely to deal 
with an individual. But a marriage 
counselor must deal with a whole 
marriage. Clergymen are perhaps 
more likely to do that. 

Younger ministers nowadays have 
nearly all had some training in 
counseling in the theological semi- 
naries. Both they and the older ones 
often take special training. The 
American Institute of Family Rela- 
tions, which trains more marriage 
counselors than any other organiza- 
tion in North America, has given 
special training to many hundreds of 
ministers of nearly all denominations. 

All studies show that the person- 
ahty of the counselor is more im- 
portant than any other factor in 
successful counsehng. The Protes- 
tant minister or Jewish rabbi is like- 
ly to have a normal family life of 
his own (an extremely important 
point in marriage counseling). He 
is likely to have a personality that 
you can respect. The Catholic 
priest, of course, enjoys special pres- 
tige among his parishioners. 

Many large city churches are set- 
ting up special counseling chnics. 
A Lutheran teacher. Dr. Frederic 
M. Norstad of St. Paul, Minn., re- 
marked on this in Lbs Angeles late- 
ly: "One of the great mysteries to 
me has been how the church ever 
persuaded itself to separate the man 
into body, mind, and soul— leaving 
the former to the physician, the 
mind to the psychiatrist, and turning 
the soul over to the pastor. We 
realize now that we can't so split 
up a man. It's all or nothing, and 
the church is moving into the field 
for the whole man." 

Call on your pastor, minister, 
rabbi, or priest, Mrs. R.; or write 
me (enclosing 5 cents to cover the 
costs of handling and mailing) and 
I'll try to put you in touch with 
one near you who is particularly 
concerned with this phase of the 
church's work. 

Meditations on Brethren Life, the 

home devotional booklet prepared 
for use during the first quarter of 
the anniversary, has been well re- 
ceived. Some groups are suggesting 
that the booklets be kept for study 
again and again in years to come. 
Why not save yours? 

FEBRUARY 15, 1958 


Toward His Kingdom- 

To communicate 

the gospel 

missionaries learn 

many languages. 

The photo shows 

the teachers used 

in the language 

school described in 

the article 

Charles Kraft 


What's Going On at Mubi? 

Charles Kraft 

A FEW weeks ago one of the 
Nigerian fellows who had 
been coming daily to ask for 
work-but without success - was 
given a job to do. He has had work 
here ever since. Another fellow 
arrived from Higi country to the 
north of here to become an ap- 
prentice cook-he is now having to 
cook on his own. Still other fellows 
have had to be hired to cut back the 
six-foot-high grass that surrounds 
the compound and to make long 
mats of it. 

Several small grass-mat buildings 
are springing up where, until only 
recently, there was tall grass. The 
station car now sits outside when 
not in use-the writer and his 
family are comfortably settled in 
the garage. A couple of itinerant 
carpenters have been put to work 
making furniture. The round mud 
hut that has been our study is now 
equipped with stove and other es- 
sentials for use as a kitchen. And 
even the porch of the house is 
being used as a bedroom. What's 
going on at Mubi? 

Close to the center of all this 
activity are the three Nigerians in 
their long flowing white garments 
that come down our quarter-mile 
lane each morning to spend several 
hours acting as language informants. 
For Mubi station has been turned 
into a noumenal language school— 
an experiment to develop a more 
effective language learning program 
for Brethren missionaries. 

What will come of this experi- 
ment we have no way of knowing 
for sure. Our prayer is that we may 
succeed in becoming truly fluent 
in the languages we study as quick- 
ly as possible, so as to be of the 
utmost effectiveness in the proclaim- 
ing of the gospel message to these 
needy people. To do this, the latest 
methods of modern linguistic sci- 
ence are being applied to the task 
of missionary language learning, and 
the several years of linguistic 
training which my wife and I have 
been able to acquire are being put 
to their first major test. 

Some sort of full-scale treatment 



of the problems of language learning 
is necessary in this, perhaps the 
most linguistically diverse area of 
the world, if we are to effectively 
reach the 600,000 or more people, 
speaking more than ten different 
languages, in our mission area. So 
the seven of us have decided to give 
it a try. 

"Uncle" Stover Kulp, field secre- 
tary and co-founder of C.B.M. in 
Nigeria, has opened up his two- 
bedroom home and relinquished his 
garage for the project. Jim and 
Merle Bowman are spending a 
couple of months away from their 
station work at Gulak to improve 
their ability to use Hausa. Von and 
Elsie Hall, just out from the States, 
have arrived to study Hausa as their 
first Nigerian language. We have 
been here since early May learning 
Hausa and preparing lesson mater- 
ials for these folks. 

Our program consists of a full 
morning's work learning and prac- 
ticing greetings, useful words and 
phrases, discussing current events, 
hearing stories, and so forth with 
our Hausa informants. Our after- 
noon varies from more work with 
the informants to visiting in the 
town in order to hear and speak 
more Hausa. We fill in with reading 
assignments in various grammars 
and other helpful linguistic litera- 
ture, and all in all keep pretty busy. 

Will the experiment pay off? We 
hope and pray so. The indications 
so far are very encouraging. And 
we already have several more ap- 
plicants for our Hausa course as 
well as plans for some improve- 
ments. Nearly every day sees more 
lesson material run off on our 

duplicating machine. We trust that 
it won't be long before we can 
branch into other languages as well. 
The need for this sort of program • 
is great. Pray with us that what's 
now being started here at Mubi 
may begin to fill this need. 



Marianne Michael 

OUR women's fellowship in 
Garkida can always use a bit 
more money, as can any r 
group, but particularly since we 
were in a church building project. 
Someone suggested the fairly sim- 
ple solution of using some of the 
money from the women's treasury to 
buy grain just after harvest when 
it was plentiful and cheap, and ■ 
holding it until the price was high ■ 
and selling it in the market at a 

An old grandmother, whose spir- 
itual development one would con- 
sider in the kindergarten class ' 
compared with the similar oppor- 
tunities of American Christians, rose 
in her ragged blanket, her wrinkled 
face serious as she considered the 
ethical implications of such a move, 
and said, "The church was not 
created as an organization for trad- j. 
ing to make money. We will give i 
what we have and with God's bless- | 
ing it will be enough." ( 

And it has been enough. Out of j 
pennies and three pences which j 
would look like a mighty small bud- | 
get to many of us, they have been | 
able to put their shoulders to fi 
nancial loads which amaze the on 
looker year after year. 

Tfie Church at Work 

And yet as a person travels about 
in America it is interesting and 
sometimes appalling to see the 
financial schemes which are dreamed 
up in an effort to fill the treasury. 
The pleas that others are doing it 
and that the end justifies the means 
have caught a good many Christians 
napping. Spiritual poverty rather 
than material poverty has depleted 

the treasury of many American 
churches and must pain the heart of 
the One who became poor that we 
might become rich. 

O God . . . help us so to know 
thee that we may truly love thee, 
and so to love thee that we may 
truly serve thee, whose service is 
perfect freedom. . . . Amen. 

Introduction to Ecuador 

ONE of the real thrills of our 
initiation to Ecuador was 
experienced the day after 
our arrival. On this particular after- 
noon, the 106 pupils who are now 
enrolled in the school at our mission 
gave us the equivalent of a royal 
welcome. The program which they 
presented was most enjoyable de- 
spite the fact that we understood 
only a little of the Spanish. These 
children approach the greatest sing- 
ers in regard to spirit and enthusiasm 
in general. Such volume and har- 
mony and sharp attacks with which 
they began each verse left litde to 
be desired. 

That they had been taught a few 
things was evident, but most of the 
qualities which make them good 
singers seem to be innate. Each one 
seemed to know when to start and 
what to do after starting so that 
no individual leader was visible; 
each one has his own built-in direc- 
tor, so to speak. After the program 
their bright smiles and many hand- 
shakes made us feel even more wel- 
come. It is customary here to shake 
hands both when greeting and when 
departing. Even these little folks 
have learned to do this well, almost 
to the point of making a game of 
it. They seemed to sense that at 
this point we were able to break 
over the language barrier and they 
used the situation to the greatest 

The church has its ups and downs 
as it continues to battle the evils 
found in almost every present-day 
society. At present the church is 
served by a part-time national pas- 
tor. However, this young man plans 
to go away to school in the near 
future, which makes even more 
acute the need for training other 
nationals to take over positions of 
leadership within the church and 
other phases of the mission program. 
This area will demand most of Don's 
time eventually. 

Don and Shirley Fike 

The church now has a few 
staunch members, but Catholic per- 
secution is such that many believers 
find it difficult to remain faithful 
when they or their families are 
threatened. At present the persecu- 
tion is not overt in our immediate 
area. We have no assurance as to 
how long this will continue to be 
so, however. 

The archbishop of one of the 
neighboring provinces had a letter 
read over the radio recently, in 
which he stated that he personally 
plans to head up a campaign to 
rid the country of Protestants. He 
desires to enlist the help of all 
who will assist him in the task of 
discovering where each one is and 
what that person's work is. Were 
his plans enforced, no behever 
(Protestant) would be admitted to 
any Catholic school or hospital. 

We can hope that such plans 
never materialize and that no deaths 
will eventuate among believers here 
because of such a scheme. Such 
things have been and are being 
experienced by believers in neigh- 
boring Colombia; we hope that 
Protestantism is strong enough here 
to prevent it. "Foreigners" could 
hardly be more than threatened be- 
cause of the fear of retaliation of 
other governments were anyone to 
be killed. 

It is tragic to see such things 
going on in the name of religion. 
It is difficult to imagine Christ 
threatening children or turning 
them away from hospitals for any 
reason. One is made heartsick when 
he sees that Christ is little more 
than a body on a cross to the illiter- 
ate Indians. The Virgin Mary may 
be a little better known but is litde 
better understood. The drunken 
fiestas which go on in the name 
of Christ certainly do nothing to 
enrich already poverty-stricken lives. 

Today we attended a church serv- 
ice in Quito for English-speaking 
people — government workers, mis- 
sionaries, etc. Half of the service 
was disturbed by a huge parade 
which just "happened" to march by 
the church at that time. There were 
bands playing at top volume, fire- 
works of many kinds, gay-colored 
balloons floating around, lighted 
candles, and statues of Mary. 
Priests clad in their finery were 
mixed throughout the parade march- 
ing side by side with Indians and 
poor whites, some of whom were 
already showing signs of intoxication 
even at this early stage in the fiesta. 
Tonight many wives will be strug- 
gling to get their drunken husbands 
(and perhaps some of their chil- 
dren) home to bed without being 
robbed or getting into fights. The 
wives accompany their husbands to 
these fiestas and usually refrain from 
drinking mainly to assure their hus- 
band's safe return, which then as- 
sures continued security for the 

As you can see, there is much 
to be done among these people 
who know little about Christ and 
the life he has to offer them. His 
message comes to us with new 
meaning and impact at this time 
of year when we celebrate the event 
of his coming, the symbol of God's 
great love for our needy world. We 
sincerely hope that the true meaning 
of Christmas lives within your heart 
and that the new year will hold 
many opportunities for real service 
to him who has given us so much. 

The World Day of Prayer 

Geraldine Sartain 

DEEP in the Austrahan bush 
dwell some 60,000 aborigines, na- 
tives from time immemorial of the 
Down Under Continent. Living in 
their tribal society and clinging to 
some of their ancient customs, seem- 
ingly untouched by the space age, 
many are Christians. Remarkably 
enough, among the prayers from the 
Christian tradition of the centuries 
to be said around the world in many 
tongues on the 1958 World Day 
of Prayer are some that these "first 
Australians" chanted in the old, old 
rhythms to the cadence of drums. 

In Tamil, in Swahili, in Icelandic, 

FEBRUARY 15. 1958 


Toward His Kingdom- 

as well as in English, French, and 
German, the invocations of these 
nomadic tribeswomen, who have no 
written languages but have been 
taught the Christian gospel, will 
ask "God's love for people of all 
places in the earth." 

Their prayers were chosen by a 
group of women members of Mel- 
bourne churches who wrote the 
service for the annual global ob- 
servance on Feb. 21, the first Friday 
in Lent. They found the devout 
supplications of these simple ab- 
origines completely in harmony with 
man's highest aspirations for world 
unity and abiding peace. 

"These distant Christians, for 
whom the Australian churches pro- 
vide ministers and lay workers, give 
voice to the hopes of that great 
international forum, the United Na- 
tions," notes Miss Elsie R. Sweeney 
of Columbus, Ind., national World 
Day of Prayer chairman. "They al- 
so reflect the thinking of Christian 
mankind encircling the globe." 

Miss Sweeney cites the prayer 
of a Maunga woman, Mondalni of 
Coulborn River, who entreats: 
"May the people of all nations learn 
to know your great truths and good- 
ness through Jesus Christ, and so 
be able to teach their children that 
only through him can the peoples 
of the world have true happiness 
and lasting peace." 

Another aboriginal prayer. Miss 
Sweeney says, opens poetically: 
"You know, O God, that a very 
small leaf on the ground can mean 
that big roots are underneath." 

Each year the sei-vice that will 
be said in some 60 languages and 
in more than 1,000 dialects comes 
from a different country and has 
a different theme. This year's theme 
is the Bread of Life. 

On the World Day of Prayer, 
sponsored in the United States by 
United Church Women, a general 
department of the National Council 
of Churches, millions of women 
around the world join in a twenty- 
four-hour prayer vigil. The day is 
set aside to unite all Christians, 
from the tropic Tonga Islands to 
the bleak Aleutians, in a bond of 
prayer and to make an oflFering for 
Christian missions at home and 

In the United States, where back 
in 1887 a small group of dedicated 

Christian women brought World 
Day of Prayer into being, more than 
22,000 communities will take part 
in the 1958 observance. Prayers 

will rise in great cathedrals and ir 
tiny roadside chapels, as well a; 
in shops, schools, colleges, hospitals 
factories and farm fields. 

Local Church Evangelism 

in Colorado and Nebraska 



THE Districts of Colorado and 
Nebraska have begun a for- 
ward thrust in local church 
evangelism. From December 1 to 
8, seventeen out of the twenty-three 
congregations in these two districts 
participated in training conferences 
in local church evangelism. In these 
training sessions 231 persons entered 
into a rather thorough study of a 
comprehensive local church ap- 
proach. Those present included 
pastors, deacons, members of 
local church committees on evan- 
gelism, church school superintend- 
ents, and directors and teachers of 
all age groups from the nursery 
through the adults. An efiEort was 
made to give instruction to repre- 
sentatives of the entire local church. 
The training sessions were under 
the direction of Edward Duncan 
and Stewart B. Kauffman. Brother 
Duncan is the executive secretary 
of the two districts, and Brother 
Kauffman is director of ministry and 
evangelism for the Brotherhood. In 
the Colorado churches, Bro. Richard 
Livingston of the national youth 
office gave special instruction in 
youth evangelism. 

Evangelism Through Fellowship 

In the training sessions, the sweep 
of local church evangelism was pre- 
sented under the general title of 
Evangelism Through Fellowship. It 
was emphasized that if our local 
churches are serious about extend- 
ing the message of Chinst in an 
effort to win the unsaved, reactivate 
the inactive, and welcome the Chris- 
tians within the area of the 
churches' responsibility, every group 
and organization within the local 
church must participate. 

In all of the sessions it was em- 
phasized that our churches can be 
made up of groups and organiza- 
tions that are not much more than 
mutual admiration societies that 
hold their own in size, growing 
very slowly and often not at all; 
or they can become vital and vi- 
brant, taking seriously their high 
purpose for existing, which is to 

share the fellowship of Jesus Christi 
When this happens every organi- 
zation within the church becomes 
an evangelistic arm constantly; 
reaching out to touch the lives of 
those outside the church. In the 
process new persons are brought 
into the groups and eventually to 
full commitment to Christ, and the 
programs and activities of the local 
organizations are literally trans- 
formed bringing new hfe and spirit 
to them. 

The teachers frankly admitted 
that local church evangeHsm takes' 
thought and work. It is not done 
in a week or two, but the effort j 
must be year-round. The program 
requires local church organization; 
a good understanding of the local ; 
church and community; the prep- 
aration of a responsibility fist; an . 
organized program of fellowship 
calling; a follow-up of sponsoring j 
and teaching; and the visit for com- ; 
mitment which is the goal of evan- -I 
gelism through fellowship. Needless <; 
to say, local church evangeHsm will I 
not succeed unless it is undergirded ' 
with prayer and motivated by a 
compelling desire to share the good i 
news of God. 

The Broader Sweep 

In each conference there were ' 
two sessions. In the first session 
the approach of evangelism through 
fellowship was outlined. In the sec- 
ond session attention was given to 
other important aspects of local 
church evangelism. The broader 
sweep included these subjects: The 
Undershepherd Plan; Training for : 
Church Membership; Making the 
Evangelistic Meeting Effective; the 
Reception and Integration of New 

The Schedule ^ 

In all instances there were two 
training sessions held the same day. 
At Lincoln, Nebr., and Haxtun, ^ 
Colo., it was possible to have an ii 
afternoon session from 2:30 to 4:30 i: 
and an evening session from 7:00 ■ 
to 9:30. At Kearney, Nebr., and :| 


-The Church af Work 

locky Ford and Denver Prince of 
'eace chiirches, Colo., the sessions 
vere held in the evening from 7:00 
10:00, and at the Grand Valley 
jhurch in Colorado the sessions 
ivere in the afternoon from 1:30 


The training conferences in Ne- 
)raska and Colorado are a part of 

1 regional efiFort. It is the purpose 
»i the Western Region board to 
)romote training conferences in 
;vangelism in the fifteen districts 
)f the region. The next sessions 
ivere in the Kansas districts Jan. 
JJ6-30; they will be in the districts 
')f Iowa Feb. 16-20 and in the 
hstricts of Missouri Feb. 24— March 


2. Arrangements are being made 
to reach the other districts of the 

A thrill is in store for the 
churches that will conscientiously 
follow through. The Prince of Peace 
church in Denver has been seriously 
endeavoring to reach its community 
throughout its young history. With- 
in a few years this new fellowship 
has a membership of 385. Sixty 
of these new members came within 
the church year of 1956-1957. Now 
within recent weeks an additional 
seventy-six members were received 
as a result of an intensive effort 
to reach the community through 
a well-conducted program of 

European News Notes 

htemational Work Camps 

The international work camp pro- 
l^ram will be held July 6 to Aug. 2 
the summer of 1958. Camps are 
ow being planned in Germany and 
jn Austria with the following defi- 
te projects: Hessisch-Lichtenau 
rthopedic hospital, near Kassel; 
uilding of a large stone children's 
ome to replace the now outmoded 
ome built by Brethren Service in 
948 as its first work in Europe; 
ad Hersfeld, Germany, building of 
Protestant chapel; Vienna, Karls- 
{schule project. The 1958 interna- 
tional peace seminar will be at 
JHofgeismar Prediger Seminar, 25 
idlometers from Kassel. The work 
project will be in the wards of the 
t^ncurables and old folks. Other pos- 
sibilities under consideration are in 
•Berhn, Hamburg, Marburg, and 

Volunteer Assignments 

Harlan Mummert, director of the 
Austrian program, and Mary Mum- 
jmert drove to Germany to bring to 
Austria six men— Lyle Dobson, Gary 
iWUliams, John Earl Hutchison, 
John Stites, Royce Roesch, and John 
Fillmore— to begin their twenty-one 
month term of service in Europe. 

Instead of going through the usu- 
al orientation period at Kassel, these 
men are starting something new by 
working directly on the project half 
days while having an orientation 
period in tlie afternoon. Their ori- 
entation will consist of German les- 

At Camp Friedland 

relatives greet each 

other after years of 

separation as 

transports arrive 

from the territory 

east of the 

Oder-Neisse River 

presently occupied 

by Poland 

sons, talks from people concerned 
with the different churches and wel- 
fare organizations in Austria, learn- 
ing some of the history and political 
implications of this country, becom- 
ing acquainted with the city of 
Vienna, and living with an Austrian 
family for six to eight weeks. 

Refugee Arrivals 

From Bonn came word on Jan. 6 
that over a quarter of a million 
refugees, exactly 261,622, from the 
Soviet-occupied countries had defied 
the eight hundred miles of meander- 
ing barbed wire stretching from the 
Baltic Sea to Czechoslovakia. West 
Berlin, the funnel of freedom for 
many East Zoners, received each 
day during the month of November 
an average of 398 people into camps 
to await transport to West Germany. 

A "rush week end" when 1,423 
people (highest week end since 

While congregational opportu- 
nities do differ, and some local con- 
gregations will naturally grow more 
slowly, the serious consideration of 
local church evangehsm in these 
two districts has convinced the 
Brethren there that great things are 
possible with an enthusiastic pro- 
gram that is motivated by love. 

Evangelism Helps 

Evangelism Through Fellowship 

(manual) 5c 

How to Make a Fellowship Call . 3c 
How to Be a Fellowship Sponsor 3c 
The Undershepherd Plan, How to 

Do It 5c 

Filmstrip, Sharing the Fellowship, 
rental, $2.50 

1955) swarmed into West Berlin 
brought the month's total to 11,958, 
slightly lower than the previous 
month. Those "acceptable" will be 
flown to the West; others will re- 
main in twenty-five to thirty 
crowded camps unless they choose 
to return to their homes. 


Clyde Carter, Bassett, Va., and 
Alice Parks, Haxton, Colo., are 
working in two of West Berlin's 
permanent refugee camps. The 
Christmas season is also a busy time 
in refugee camps. Alice writes of 
one of the parties for the children 
in camp: "Despite the noise of sixty 
squirming children between the ages 
of six and fourteen, one could see 
their faces beaming over their plates 
of 'goodies' and cups of cocoa. Each 

FEBRUARY 15. 1958 


Toward His Kingdom- 

one received from the CVJM 
(YMCA) a gutschein which entitled 
him to ten marks ($2.50) worth of 
goods at one of the Berhn stores. 
We presented ovir manger scene 
playlet and sang almost all of the 
Christmas songs." 

Refugee Camps for Youth 

During November, 550 girls 
(fifteen to twenty-five years old) 
were flown to Westertimke Camp 
in the German Federal Republic to 
await settlement. Joan Lett, Broad- 
bent, Oregon, and Edith Merkey, 
Cloud Chief, Okla., are in a YMCA 
Haus fuer Alle working with the 
girls in crafts and activities. Tom 
Endress, Claypool, Ind., is doing 
the same type of work in Sandbostel, 
which received 1,442 young men 
during the same month. 


At Camp Friedland near Goettin- 
gen, more Gennans, this time from 
Poland, are receiving permission to 
resettle in the Federal RepubHc. 
They arrive by the trainload. Ruth 
Davidson, McCune, Kansas, pres- 
ently working with the Innere Mis- 
sion in the camp, writes: "On 
Saturday, a transport arrived with 
657 people, the biggest group that 
was ever received at one time, and 
they came late in the evening because 
of the snow which had fallen for 
two days. With extra people coming 
in on the night trains, we were put- 
ting more than two thousand people 
through camp per week. In case 
you wonder about the ages of these 

National Council speaks on 

Labor-Management Abuses 

THE National Council of Churches, at its general assembly in i 
St. Louis, Dec. 2-6, called for legislation to correct "appalling" | 
abuses exposed by investigations of the labor union movement I 
and in labor-management practices. , ; 

But such legislation, it said, "should be drawn in a spirit of i 
fairness, with neither hostiUty nor favor to labor or management. ' ] 
Care should be taken not to impair the essential needs for the conH i ; 
tinued functioning and growth of a strong democratic labor move-i ' 
ment," the coimcil said. i 

Corruption uncovered by Senate investigators in trade unionism ' 
"can neither be explained away nor condoned," the resolution de- \ 
clared. "On the other hand," it said, "what has been revealed as 
malpractices by some in management suggests that equally thorough I 
inquiry should be made in that field. Actually, what has been exposed 
has been the moral poverty of our society." i 

The resolution said there are "dangers to the nation's moral ' , 
foundations growing out of these widely publicized practices. Toj 
corrupt the practices of either labor or management is to sin against ; i 
God and cheat all men." ! i 

"We believe the labor unions are responsible for the situation | 
that has been revealed; but so is management; so also is the Christian 
church. The degree and kind of responsibility may differ, but we I 
all share in the responsibility for what exists and also for what is ' 
done to correct it." ; 

"This is the time for all citizens in every sphere of activity to ; I 
examine the methods they employ in gaining wealth and in using ; I 
power," the council said. "We call upon Christians in meeting their |. 
responsibility as citizens to strengthen the moral character of our 
society through more effective participation in labor, management j] 
and government. ... ■ 

"We believe the time has come for a new dedication to high ,| 
moral purposes and practices by the American people as a whole."!/ 

people, during my time in camp 
the youngest has been a two-week- 
old baby and the oldest a 104-year- 
old grandmother. There are usually 
many children, and there are more 


BVSer loan Lett talks with three refugee girls in front of YMCA center at the 
Westertimke comp for girls 



women than men. Although the"| 
health of these people is usually(| 
rather poor, not too many of themrl 
must be hospitalized." | 

House Himting in Austria | 

A different type of refugee work'l 
is being handled by Shirley Neher,;! 
Wena tehee. Wash., in Austria. The if 
thing which keeps Shirley the busi- 
est is house hunting. She is helping, i, 
Miss Frankie Hamilton, a social ,; 
worker, to get some of the hard-core ' 
cases out of camps. Hard-core cases \ 
are from the group of German ethnic \ 
refugees who have been hving in j 
camps for many years because there S 
either is no bread earner in the j 
family or they are incurably sick. 

Some of these people do have ' 
a chance to emigrate if someone \ 
takes the time to work out aU the ! 
legal diflSculties, or to integrate into \ 
the Austrian society if someone 
takes the trouble to find them a ; 
home. This work is never dull, for ; 
these people who have found secur- i 
ity in camp hfe often at the last j 
minute reject plans made for them. 

|)r the house which was being 
Janned on to be made into dwell- 
igs for refugees suddenly goes to 
nother buyer. Prospects now look 
;ood for getting a house that can 
e made into a six-apartment house 
1 Wels, Upper Austria, which will 
ecome the new home for six refu- 
;ee famihes from Camp Enns. 

I News From Fresno, 

r I ^HE club program got oflF to 
I a good start in the fall and 
the clubs are now well under 
vay. In addition to clubs for vari- 
>us age groups of girls and boys, 
: teen club has been newly organ- 
zed. Football teams were formed 
vith the junior high and the senior 
ligh boys. 

I James Harlow, Free Union, Va., 
oined the volunteers on Nov. 9. 
jffe replaced Terry Thorene and 
udy Haldeman, who had both com- 

Eleted a year of volunteer service. 
At the recommendation of the 
oard of directors of the North 
Kvenue Community Center, a Com- 
munity Council has been formed. 
The presidents of the five clubs and 
':he captains of the five ball teams 
represent the center. 

Reviews of Recent Books 

Books are reviewed here as a service to the church. A review does not necessarily 
constitute an unqualified recommendation. Purchase can be made through the 
Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, Illinois. Titles recommended for church libraries 
are marked with an asterisk (•). — Editor. 

*How to Make Friends Abroad. 

Robert Root. Association Press, 
1954. 122 pages. $2.00. 

Although Mr. Root's book is writ- 
ten especially for those planning to 
travel or live abroad, it also has 
valuable suggestions for at least two 
other groups: those who have con- 
tacts with persons from other coun- 
tries such as exchange students and 
travelers from abroad in the United 
States; and those interested as 
Americans in seeing "ourselves as 
others see us." Mr. Root begins 
his book with a comparison between 
the average traveler and someone 
starting out on a blind date, and 
suggests some of the questions and 
answers regarding culture, philos- 
ophy of living, racial issues, propa- 
ganda, and power. He concludes 
his last chapter. How Democratic 
Are You? with a kind of "ten com- 
mandments" for the American 
abroad. Within its brief pages, this 
book has much to awaken contented 
minds to the attitudes of those with 
whom we wish to "make friends 
abroad."— HazeZ Peters. 

The Family Counselor 

>aul Hersch 
Jlyde Weaver 

H. K. Zeller. Jr. 
Leah Zuck 

Jesse Ziegler 
Katherine Weaver 

that because I don't want to tell 
him? I will appreciate your view- 


The Farnily Counselor welcomes letters of inquiry. They may be addressed : Family 
Life Department, General Brotherhood Board, 22 S. State St., Elgin, 111. 

Dear Counselor, 
My husband does not know of 

something that happened several 
|years ago, but my guilty conscience 
jbothers me. We are active in 
jchurch affairs and are very close 
Ito each other, except when I think 
(of how foolish I have been. I have 
Iwished so many times that I could 
undo the wrong I have done. I 
know that he would find it in his 
heart to forgive me, if I tell him, 
but he would be terribly hurt. 

We are close to our minister, but 
I guess because of my pride I don't 
want anybody to know. Is it wrong 
to pray God to forgive me and ask 
him to relieve my heart of this bur- 
den? I have tried to make up for 
my mistake in many little ways, to 
both the children and my husband. 
[ don't think telling my husband 
would lessen the ache in my heart. 
Or am I rationalizing and saying 

Dear Friend, 

Certainly it is right for you to 
pray. It is important to confess our 
wrongs and to have the assurance 
that we have forgiveness. The 
"ache in your heart" that you speak 
of may indicate that you are holding 
on to old memories or that you 
have not been able to be assured 
of forgiveness. Your minister could 
help you. Your pride should not 
stand in the way of a clear con- 
science. With your conscience 
cleared, you may then dismiss this 
affair as a thing of the past and 
move ahead, cherishing your loved 
ones, but no longer with the feehng 
that you are "making up" to them. 
Leah M. Zuck. 

The King in His Beauty. Miles 
Lowell Yates. Seabury Press, 1957. 
91 pages. $2.25. 

This is a small book of medita- 
tions on the meaning of the life and 
person of Jesus. The meditations 
deal mainly with the significance 
of his birth and the effect of sin, 
resulting in the crucifixion of Jesus. 
These will be especially meaningful 
to those who know the man who 
wrote them.— Stewart B. Kauffman. 

Toppy and the Circuit Rider. 

Barnett Spratt. Abingdon Press, 
1957. 128 pages. $1.75. 

When Toppy's Granny died he 
was all alone and unwanted. It was 
then that the preacher took Toppy 
with him. What wonderful times 
Toppy and the circuit riding preach- 
er had together! Mr. Dan taught 
Toppy how to get words out of 
books and how to live in the woods. 
One night Toppy said, "Mr. Dan, 
I aim to be a Christian like you." 

Granny's pa's Bible helped Toppy 
discover someone to whom he could 
belong. "I aim to be a circuit rider 
when I'm a grown-up man," Toppy 
told his new-found uncle.— Hazel M. 

What Archeology Says About the 
Bible. Albert N. Williams. Associa- 
tion Press, 1957. 125 pages. 50c. 

Within the scope of 125 pages 
the author attempts to indicate 
what archaeology says about the 
Bible. In this attempt he is only 
partially successful. 

In maintaining that the function 
of Biblical archaeology is to illumine 
the Bible rather than to prove or 
disprove it the author is taking a 
wholesome point of view, for the 
Bible is essentially a book of religion 
whose truth is not dependent upon 
the outcome of archaeological 

The discussion is largely confined 
to the archaeology of the Old Testa- 
ment. The main periods of Hebrew 
history are tieated— in many cases 
too briefly to be significant— chron- 

While generally reflecting the 
views of competent scholars this 
volume occasionally advocates posi- 
tions that can be seriously chal- 
lenged.— Dat;i(i /. Wieand, Chicago, 

FEBRUARY 15, 1958 


The Death of Christ 

Minister's Book of the Month 
Selection for MARCH 


A profound and deeply moving study of the significance of the 
death of Christ. After examining the actual historical event of the 
Crucifixion, the autlior seeks to ask what Jesus himself understood the 
meaning of his death to be. Part III is concerned with what the Cross 
meant to the early church and what it means to us today. This discus- 
sion of a major theme of Biblical theology is of primary interest to 
theologians, but it is not beyond the reach of the serious layman. You 
will find this an intellectually stimulating and spiritually satisfying 

The sections are: Introduction— Under Pontius Pilate, Jesus and 
His Cross, The Cross in the Church. 

Regular price $2.75, to members $1.92 plus postage and handling 

Copies will be mailed to members of the 
Book of the Month Club about March 10 

Church of the Brethren, GENERAL OFFICES, Elgin, Illinois 

The April selection will be a new Brethren book. 
Studies in Christian Belief, by William M. Beahm 

Cherokee Run 

Barbara Claassen Smucker 

This is the story of 12-year- 
old Katie, the daughter of a 
Mennonite family, and their 
participation in the Cherokee 
Strip Run in 1893. For 9-14- 
year-old youth. $2.50 

Church of the Brethren 


Elgin, Illinois 




Lewis, Marshall Talmadge, son of 
Emory and Estella King Lewis, was 
born Nov. 19, 1898, and died Nov. 18, 
1957. On Oct. 9, 1926, he was mar- 
ried to Bertha Edna Knotts. Surviving 
are his wife, four daughters, his mother, 
three sisters, three brothers, and nine 
grandchildren. A memorial service was 
conducted in the Fairview church by 
Bro. Ross Speicher and the under- 
signed.— Eugene Matthews, Oakland, 

Long, Emerson C, son of Mr. and 
Mrs. Oscar Long, was born Jan. 26, 
1915, and died Oct. 7, 1957. He is 
survived by his wife, two daughters, 
his parents, one brother, and three 
sisters. He was a member of the Cedar 
Rapids church. Services were held in 
the Brosh chapel by the undersigned. 
—Russell Burriss, Cedar Rapids, Iowa. 

Mcintosh, Sadie Imes, daughter of 
David and Sarah Berkebile, was born 
near Delta, Ohio, Oct. 15, 1873, and 
died Oct. 23, 1957. She was married 
to William Imes on Oct. 26, 1893. To 
this union four children were born. 
He preceded her in death on March 24, 
1921. She was married to Carl Mcin- 
tosh in October 1927. Surviving are 
one daughter, two brothers, seven 
grandchildren, and seven great-grand- 
children. She was a faithful member of 
the Swan Creek church.— Mrs. Pearl 
Haller, Delta, Ohio. 

Metz, Omer C, son of George D. 
and Melissa Himes Metz, was born 
Dec. 19, 1885, at Mill Creek, Pa., and 
died Dec. 5, 1957, near Martinsburg, 









Pa. On Sept. 15, 1920, he was mar-i 
ried to Belva Snowberger. He is sur-i 
vived by his wife, three sons, and 
eight grandchildren. He was a membet 
of the Martinsburg Memorial church.; 
Funeral services were held at the K. R.- 
Miller funeral home by Bro. Roy S. 
Forney. Burial was in the Fairview 
cemetery.— Mrs. C. O. Beery, Martins- 
burg, Pa. 

Murray, Ezra S., was born July 15, 
1869, at Camden, Ohio, and died Dec. 
1, 1957, at Omak, Wash. He united 
with the church in his youth and was 
the last surviving charter member of 
the Omak church. In 1902 he was 
married to Allie Mohler. Surviving 
are two sons, three daughters, nine 
grandchildren, and four great-grand- 
children. Funeral services were con- 
ducted by Charles P. Grier. Intermentj g 
was in the Omak Memorial cemetery.— 
Florence L. Breshears, Omak, Wash. 

Musselman, Martha, was born Nov. 
22, 1885, and died in Claysburg, Pa.,. 
Oct. 14, 1957. She was a member of 
the Church of the Brethren for manyi 
years. Surviving are her husband anda 
nine children. Funeral services werei" 
held in the Cam funeral home, Clays- 
burg, by Bro. O. J. Hassinger. Burial 
was in the Riverview cemetery.— Mrs, 
O. J. Hassinger, Claysburg, Pa. 

Nolt, Edna, daughter of Mr. and 
Mrs. Benjamin Mohler, was born at:; 
Ephrata, Pa., Aug. 12, 1906, and died] 
Nov. 11, 1957. She was active in the! 
church as a teacher, director of chiWi 
dren's work, and organist. She servedj 
faithfully with her husband as a dea-;! sa 
con. Surviving are her husband, Willis, ? M 
one son, her parents, two brothers, andi 
two sisters. Funeral services were 
held in the Mountville church by the 
local ministers. Burial was in the 
Silver Springs cemetery.— Norman K, 
Musser, Mountville, Pa. 

Nyart, Mary L., aged eighty-two 
years, died in Mt. Vernon, Ohio, Novs] 
20, 1957. She was a member of the 
North Bend church, Danville. Sur\iv-j! 
ing are two sons, a grandson, foui 
great-grandchildren, and one sister. Fu- 
neral services were held by Bro. Robert 
Hoover of the North Bend church. 
Burial was in Zion Lutheran cemetery 
near Jelloway, Ohio.— Anna Belle \\'ork- 
man, Danville, Ohio. 

Peebler, George B., was bom Jan. 
31, 1862, and died Sept. 9, 1957. Or 
Feb. 4, 1886, he was married to Ids 
L. Hill, who preceded him in deadi. ' 
He was a member of the Liberty\ill6 
church, Iowa. Surviving are three ; 
daughters, two sons, ten grandchildren, j 
and twenty-one great-grandchildren- 1 
Funeral services were held at tlie Lib- ; 
ertyville church by Bro. Harley Yates ' 
Burial was in the Brethren cemetery.- ; 
Mrs. C. B. Morgan, Batavia, Iowa. 

Reeder, Daisy, daughter of Abraharr ! • 
and Mary Bowman, was born on Apri ■ 
4, 1876 at New Gemiantown, Pa., anc ; 
died on July 22, 1957, at Palm}Ta, Pa ; 
On May 18, 1897, she was married tc 



ifohn Calvin Reeder, who preceded her 
in death. She was a long-time member 
i)f the Church of the Brethren. Surviv- 
ing are four sons, two daughters, six 
'grandchildren, and four great-grand- 
thildren. Funeral services were held 
by Bro. Glen Gingrich, Rev. Nevin 
)mith, and the undersigned in the 
,>pring Creek church, Hershey, Pa. In- 
lerment was in the Blain Union ceme- 
Sery.— J. Herbert Miller, Hershey, Pa. 
i Reid, Kenneth Elwood, seven-month- 
bid son of Julian and Jean Reid of 
Broadway, Va., died Dec. 7, 1957. 
\ie is survived by his parents and one 
i)rother. Funeral services were held 
n the Linville Creek church by Breth- 
en Glenn Garner and Cecil Hartman. 
turial was in the church cemetery.— 
./Irs. Roy Kline, Broadway, Va. 
! Repine, George, son of Thomas and 
'/lartha Kinter Repine, was born Nov. 
5, 1883, in Cherry Tree, Pa., and 
'ied Nov. 29, 1957, at Windber, Pa. 
jle was a member of the Grace Luth- 
eran church, Rummel. He is sur- 
ived by his wife, Mollie, three sons, 
pur daughters, and twelve grandchil- 
iren. Funeral services were held in the 
ihank funeral home by Bro. A. Jay 
iieplogle. Interment was in the Rich- 
iind cemetery.— Mrs. L. Ernest Ott, 
IVindber, Pa. 
Rexroad, Minnie Jane Barley, was 
orn in Clearfield County, Pa., Aug. 14, 
866, and died Sept. 21, 1957. She 
'as married to William W. Rexroad on 
eb. 25, 1886. Surviving are three sons, 
vo daughters, six grandchildren, nine 
ireat-grandchildren, and two sisters, 
'uneral services were conducted by the 
indersigned.— James H. Beahm, Wichi- 
ji, Kansas. 

I Roop, Margaret Julia, daughter of 
'/illiam A. and Emma C. Roop, was 
om Feb. 14, 1875, and died Nov. 10, 
957. She was a member of the West- 
minster church, Md. Funeral services 
ere held at the Myers funeral home 
\y Bro. Glenn C. Zug. Interment was 
a Pipe Creek cemetery.— Rebecca Ann 
[etry, Westminster, Md. 
Ruhl, Harry H., was born Oct. 7, 
'888, and died Nov. 22, 1957. He was 
[member of the Richland church. Pa. 
jarviving are his wife, Anna, one 
l^ighter, one son, three brothers, and 
iiree sisters. Funeral services were 
sld in the Richland church by the 
Indersigned and Jacob Fahnestock. 
iurial was in the Millbach Community 
emetery.— Michael Kurtz, Richland, Pa. 
Rupp, Abraham D., was born Nov. 
I, 1916, and died Dec. 4, 1957. He 
as a member of the Conestoga con- 
regation at Bareville. He left no 
irvivors. Funeral services were held 
/ Bro. J. Lester Buckwalter. Inter- 
ent was in the Bareville cemetery.— 
•rs. John N. Kniss, Bird-in-Hand, Pa. 
Shank, Jacob N., son of Samuel and 
irah Shank, was born Sept. 24, 1868, 
id died Sept 15, 1957. In 1894 he 
as united in marriage with Mary 
uetta Ulrich. He was an active mem- 

"As a retired man and steward of the 
things he possesses, it is time to test his 
words with deeds. It is very foolish for one 
to expect those ■who remain after him to take 
very seriously things he may have said 
concerning his faith in and love for his 
church, if in the distribution of his possessions 
he fails to remember the church in his will, 
or in the distribution of his accumulations." 

Excerpt irovi the Gospel Messenger of 
January 19, 1957 



reflect the Christian 
purpose of your life? 

To remember the far-reaching work administered by the 
General Brotherhood Board this form is suggested. 

"I give and bequeath to the General Brotherhood Board- 
Church of the Brethren, a corporation of the State of Illinois, with 
its principal office at Elgin, Kane Gounty, Illinois, its successors 

and assigns, forever the sum of 

dollars ($ ) to be used for the purpose of 

the said Board as specified in its charter." 

H. Spenser Minnich 
Financial Representative 
Elgin, Illinois 


— Ways People have used in Making Gifts 
— Logical Steps in Will Making — Different Kinds of Tax Deductions 



her of the Fresno church, Calif. Sur- 
viving are eight children, six sons, two 
daughters, seventeen grandchildren, 
and twenty-one great grandchildren.— 
Mrs. Rhoda Hoff, Fresno, Calif. 

Church News 

Florida, Georgia and Puerto Rico 

Miami— Bro. Jack Tretten was guest 
minister during the absence of our pas- 
tor, Bro. Dorsey Rotruck, at Annual 
Conference. Our CBYF had charge of 
several evening services and enter- 
tained the MYF from the Methodist 
chvirch. Two children attended the 
Camp Ithiel junior high camp. We also 
furnished two instructors from our 
church. A church fellowship night is 
held once each month under the leader- 
ship of Brother Lehman. Bro. Paul 
Henz, director of visitation, meets 
every Thursday evening with those 

who make visits. The Dade County 
hymn sing was held in our church on 
Sept. 15. Bro. Guy Wampler, executive 
secretary of the Southeastern Region, 
was guest speaker at a meeting of all 
board members on Oct. 7. Bro. Russell 
Showalter met with members of tlie 
trustee and finance-improvement boards 
before our every-member canvass 
which was held in January. Brother 
Rotruck was moderator of and Mrs. 
Paul Henz and Mrs. Hester were dele- 
gates to district meeting at Camp Ithiel, 
Oct. 10-13. In August at a retreat for 
all church and Sunday-school boards 
the church program and calendar for 
1957-1958 was planned. A workday, 
sponsored by the Willing Worker's 
class, is held at the church the first 
Saturday of the month. Bro. Rotruck 
was speaker at Noon Chapel on Sta- 
tion WPST-TV, a 15-minute devotional 

FEBRUARY 15. 1958 



Boys and Girls 


Hazel Wilson 

This narrative is based on early 
American historical fact. Boys 
and girls will find it highly in- 
teresting. A young American boy 
would have starved alone in the 
Maine wilderness without the 
help of an Indian boy who 
showed him how to be at home 
in the woods. It is a memorable 
story of courage and companion- 
ship between the two races. $2.50 

Church of the Brelhien 


Elgin, Illinois 

service. Two have been baptized and 
eight received by letter. The films, A 
Tip or a Talent, Leap to Heaven, You 
Are the Church, and The Difference 
have been shown.— Mrs. George Arnold, 
Miami, Fla. 

Tampa— Our young people had a ban- 
quet for those of the group who grad- 
uated this spring. Our two-week vaca- 
tion Bible school was held at night 
again; it included a class for adults. 
The women of the church sponsored a 
family birthday supper. We had a 
mother and daughter tea at which 
former missionary, Mary Schaeffer, was 
guest speaker. On two occasions we 
met on Sunday afternoon after a fel- 
lowship dinner for council meetings. 
We re-elected Bro. A. D. Crist elder 
and Sister Marion Gunn church clerk, 
both of whom have served in the same 
capacity for a number of years. We 
have enjoyed the filmstrip of our church 
activities. Our pastor is conducting a 
membership class, composed of several 
juniors. Bro. Guy Wampler, our re- 
gional secretary, gave us an encourag- 
ing talk prior to our district meeting. 
Several members helped the Red Cross 
in preparation of sending their T.B. 
stamps. Our young people helped the 
children celebrate Halloween in col- 



lecting for UNICEF. We had a love 
feast on Jan. 5. We invite any tourists 
or members in our vicinity to worship 
with us.— Mrs. Hazel Cox, Tampa, Fla. 

Eastern Maryland 
Blue Ridge— Mrs. C. L. Green and 

Bro. Philip Kulp attended the district 
conference in Washington in Septem- 
ber. Two additional communions dur- 
ing the coming year were approved by 
the fall council. David Hanawalt spoke 
at our home-coming and rally day 
service on Oct. 6. During November a 
number of Sunday-school teachers and 
the pastor attended a leadership train- 
ing course in Frederick. Our church 
united with the other denominations 
of Thurmont for World Community 
Day and Thanksgiving services. The 
ladies' aid collected clothing and bed- 
ding for World Community Day and 
is now Sf^nding baby nursing bottles to 
an African mission station. Bro. C. 
Reynolds Simmons, pastor of the Pipe 
Creek-Union Bridge congregation, is 
our new moderator. During December 
and January we had an every-member 
enlistment, looking forward to a full- 
time pastoral program for the coming 
year. We began the celebration of the 
250th Anniversary Year with an inaug- 
uration service on Jan. 5.— Mrs. Philip 
M. Kulp, Thurmont, Md. 

Middle Maryland 

Broadfording— At our fall council 
meeting, Bro. D. R. Petre was re-elected 
elder for a three-year term. The fi- 
nance, pastoral, and Sunday-school ad- 
visory boards were all enlarged with 
definite terms of office established for 
them. It was decided to elect three 
new deacons at our next council meet- 
ing. Bro. Wilmer A. Petry held evange- 
listic services, Sept. 16-29. Eight persons 
were baptized. Our pastor, Bro. J. 
Stanley Earhart, conducted a week of 
services in the Snake Spring Valley 
church, Oct. 6-13. He also served as 
moderator at district conference held 
at the Fahrney-Keedy Home, Oct. 16- 
17. Various groups in our church have 
recently planned important programs 
for future months. Guest speakers have 
been Charles Weaver, Jr., of Manheim, 
Pa., Bro. Quinter Showalter of Dun- 
cansville, Pa., and Mrs. Arthur Scrogum 
of Hagerstown, Md. Since it was not 
possible for us to have our love feast 
at the regular time because of our en- 
largement program we held it in con- 
nection with the 250th Anniversary 
observance on Jan. 4.— Mrs. Edith 
Myers, Hagerstown, Md. 

Western Maryland 

Cherry Grove— Bro. Daniel J. Whit- 
acre, our former pastor, closed his 
three-year term in our congregation 
in the spring. Bro. W. J. Hamilton, 
who came as an interim minister, ac- 
cepted our call to the pastorate. Vera 
Merrill was our delegate to the Annual 
Conference. Our delegates to the 
Western Maryland district conference 

Brethren Placement and | 
Relocation Service . . i 

This column is conducted as a fre 
service in the interests of placement ani ] 
relocation. It does not provide for th ' 
advertising of goods or property fo I 
sale or rent. Information on rates fo | 
paid advertising may be obtained fror;; 
the Brethren Pubhshing House. j 

The right to edit and reject notice i 
is reserved. Since no verification o 
notices is made no responsibility can b ! 
assumed. ; 

When writing to the Brethren Place I 
ment Service about a notice, it is neces ! 
sary that the number of the notice b 1 
given. Write Brethren Placement Serv ! 
ice: 22 S. State St., Elgin, 111. 

Nursing and Medical ' 

No. 330. Doctor: Young medica j 
doctor wanted to take over the offic ' 
of a Brethren physician. Eye speciahs ! 
preferred; general practitioner accept ' 
able. Strong Brethren church in th ' 
community. Position open for immedi I 
ate placement. Contact: Mrs. S. S 
Conner, 147 West King Street, Waynes ! 
boro, Pennsylvania. i 

Farm Work ' 

No. 325. Wanted: A 36-year-oldM 
urraiarried man with 12 years of fam i 
experience, desires work on a farm o , 
in a farming community. Has his owi i 
car. Can operate most tractors anc i 
machinery. Direct queries to Lawreno j 
E. Cook, R. 3, Albia, Iowa. j 

No. 331. Jobs for dairy and genera j 
farming in the Elkton, Md., area. Goo( ' 
salary, house furnished, and other con I 
siderations. Write, giving informatioi 
about yourself, to the Immanue j 
Church of the Brethren Placemen | 
Committee, Clyde Nafzinger, Chairmar 
Chesapeake City, Md. 

were Mary Durst, W. J. Hamiltor, 
Rose Wilhelm, and Gladys Wilhehr 
We improved our church basemen 
this summer by ceiling it and paintin 
the walls. We also purchased foldin 
tables and folding chairs. In July w 
had our first vacation Bible schoc 
with an enrollment of forty-three. O 
July 28 we had a home-coming in ob 
servance of the 110th aimiversary c 
the organization of tlie congregatioi 
Twenty-one churches were representee 
and several former pastors were presen: 
Bro. Guy S. Fern of Baltic, Ohio, hel 
our revival in September. Three wer 
baptized. Forty-one communed at th 
love feast on Sept. 30. Our paste 
planned for a "membership roll call 
on Oct. 6. Forty-five members ar 
swered out of a total of fifty-six. Ot 
Sunday-school and church worship at 
tendance, as well as our offerings, hav 
increased over those of last year.— Ros 
Wilhelm, Lonaconing, Md. 

Frostburg— During the past year our 
ittendance has continued to grow. Our 
)astor, Bro. Herbert Alford, held our 
ivangeHstic services, Sept. 15-22; these 
vere followed by the love feast on Sept. 
S3. Since our last report twelve have 
)een baptized. A new basement has 
)een built under our church and a new 
oaptistry was built which was used for 
,he first time on Nov. 3. Bro. Clarence 
vloyer was elected moderator in place 
if Bro. B. B. Ludwick, who resigned 
vhen he went to live in Florida. Breth- 
en Owen Preston and Charles McFar- 
and, student ministers, filled our pulpit 
vhen our pastor was at Annual Confer- 
ince, on vacation, and holding evange- 
istic services in another church. Mrs. 
Jertha Finzel was guest speaker at our 
amily night service. Our church tem- 
lerance director and women's work 
lirector had charge of a Sunday night 
lervice. The guest speaker was from 
dcoholics Anonymous. Our women's 
'Vork group has sent CARE packages 
our adopted family in Yugoslavia 
nd clothing and grease to New Wind- 
er for relief. Several of our children 
ttended the community Bible school 
nd five attended Camp Galilee. We 
ave one family of five generations, 
11 of whom are active members of 
he church.— Mrs. Grace Conner, Mt. 
avase, Md. 

Eastern Virginia 

Arlington— On Dec. 22, members and 
hands of the Arlington Church of the 
frethren first occupied their newly 
rected church structure which had 
Jeen under construction for less than a 
lear. The three-story structure, which 
"t present includes a sanctuary, social 
all, parlor, kitchen and a separate 
iducational wing, has exceeded the 
.riginally quoted price of $140,000. 
)rganized work committees helped 
/ith the finishing processes daily for 
lie preceding month so as to have the 
uilding in order for services on Dec. 
2. Mr. Carl Williams organized the 
rews of workers which prepared the 
anctuary and classrooms for the early 
pening. The new church is located 
n a hill overlooking the county and 
earby Washington, and was designed 
y Eimer Capplemann of Arlington, 
'a., and constructed by the Coles Con- 
truction Co., of Alexandria, Va. 
Jround for the church was broken on 
an. 20 and the cornerstone laid on 
)ct. 20. The 214-member congrega- 
ion, which was chartered as an 80- 
lember group on Feb. 7, 1953, had 
leen meeting in the Stonewall Jackson 
lementary school. The new church is 
seated at Third and North Montague 
treets in Arlington. Bro. Glen Weimer 
i pastor.— Joyce M. Clements, Arling- 
^n, Va. 

Newport News— Sunday evening serv- 
:es during the summer were held 
:)intly with the Parkview Presbyterian 
nd Parkview Methodist churches, 
"hree women attended the workshop 

Spiritual truths from slang expressions 




A noted religious writer here analyzes mod- 
ern American slang— revealing to us the spiritual 
truths that are to be found in these common, 
everyday phrases. 

Dr. Smith feels that the original phrase may 
have been the result of a clever effort to express 
an elusive idea, but unthinking use of slang has 
denuded it of its true meaning and it has become 
merely a substitute for intelligent conversation. 

In these pages the author has taken ten of 
the most common of these prefabricated phrases 
and interpreted them in the light of Biblical truths, 
showing the true Christian thought behind each 
of the common expressions. The phrases are: 
Who do you think you are? What's going on 
here? Make mine the same, How are you doing? 
Where's the fire? Where do you think you're 
going? So what? Do you think you own the 
earth? Don't kid yourself! What's the big idea? 

Here are some good sermon subjects, ideas for 
devotional talks, camp discussions, and personal 
devotional reading, with added color and flavor- 
ing. $2.00 

Church of the Brethren, General Offices, Elgin, Illinois 


Roy L. 


for the Protestant Church Choir 


644 anthems described and listed by title, first line, topic, 
and occasion; author, composer, textual and musical sources; 
voice parts, difficulty, length, and publisher. 

Chapters include: The Choir in Protestant Worship— Some 
Criteria for Choir Music— How to Use This Book— Standard List— 
A Cappella Standard List— Current List— A Cappella Current List- 
Topical Index; The Church Year— Index of First Lines— Index of 
Composers, Arrangers, Musical Sources— Index of Authors, Trans- 
lators, Textual Sources. $4.50 

Church of the Brethren, General Offices . . . Elgin, Illinois 

and retreat at Bridgewater College. The 
women's work is in the process of re- 
decorating the church kitchen. A vaca- 
tion Bible school was held for one week 
in tlie evening. Two of our junior highs 
attended Camp Bethel. Pastor Minor 
Myers and Mrs. Myers and two mem- 
bers of women's work attended district 
women's meeting at the Manassas 
church on Sept. 17. Bro. D. D. Fleish- 
man of Boones Mill, Va., conducted a 
revival meeting, Oct. 13-20. Lawrence 
Rice brought the message on Sept. 22. 
Three boxes of clothing were collected 

for relief. On Nov. 3, Harl Russell of 
Elgin, 111., brought a message on stew- 
ardship. Approximately fifteen young 
people attended the district Halloween 
party at Manassas, Va. Bro. M. M. 
Myers brought the message at the 
Union Thanksgiving service at the 
Central Baptist church. Pastor Myers 
had devotions over our local radio sta- 
tion on Dec. 13-19. The 250th Anni- 
versary Year was inaugurated on Jan. 

FEBRUARY 15, 1958 


i mi'iiUJd ff tj ' MiwJ 







R. D. or St. 

P. O Zone State 

Help us to keep your Gospel Messenger comiiig by reporting any change in 
address promptly. Please do not remove old address. 

5 with a message and the love feast 
in the evening. Phylhs Kingery and 
Ann Haynes visited our young people's 
group on Nov. 26.— Mrs. Hazel Warlit- 
ner, Hampton, Va. 

First Virginia 

Norfolk— We are a mission church 
which was started by a handful of 
Brethren less than five years ago. Under 
the leadership of Bro. L. Blackwell, a 
beautiful church building was erected, 
which we have been using for two 
years. In 1955 we had a membership 
of thirty-four. When Brother Blackwell 
left, Frank Williar came as our pastor. 
Since his coming we have been grow- 
ing steadily in membership and Sunday- 
school attendance. During the past 
year we received twenty-eight new 
members bringing our total to seventy- 
four. On World Communion Sunday 
thirty-three partook of the love feast.— 
Emily Devey, Norfolk, Va. 

Richmond— Since our last report our 
pastor and his family, Bro. Raymon 
Eller, are comfortably situated in our 
new parsonage that was dedicated last 
May. Immediately following, our 
church completed plans to serve as 
host church for the Annual Conference 
in June. In July, our church held its 
first daily vacation church school in our 
new location. The response was good 
and we are looking forward to another 
next year. On Oct. 6 we held a com- 
munion service in our chapel building. 
We also had a special communion 
service on Jan. 5, to begin our 250th 
Anniversary celebration. Each month, 
we hold an all-church fellowship meet- 
ing in the chapel with a covered-dish 
supper and a program constituting the 
evening. Several of our members left 
us after graduation last June; however, 
we are happy to report that new people 

coming to our city have offset this 
loss. Our church has decided to par- 
tially support one of its members who 
is now preparing to enter mission work 
in the near future. Plans for our new 
fellowship hall are nearing completion, 
and we hope to begin it this year.— 
Bertie Kellison, Richmond, Va. 

First West Virginia 

Sandy Creek, Mountain Dale— Our 

Sunday school was well attended this 
year. We took part in the Sunday- 
school convention held at Valley Point. 
Mr. and Mrs. Melvin Slaubaugh gave a 













Brethren, If You Are Planning A Trip To 
Florida, We Invite You To Visit Any Or 
All Of Our Churches. If You Are Planning , 
To Move To Florida, We Invite You To 
Settle In The City Of Your Choice, And 
Unite With One Of Our Churches. 

talk on stewardship. We have pu ; 
chased a new electric organ. We ei 
joyed a week's meeting held on Sep 
1-8 by our pastor, Bro. Owen Horto: 
This was followed by a love feast. Bri 
Ray Showalter gave us a talk concen 
ing Bridgewater College.— Mrs. Rue 
Rodeheaver, Hazelton, W. Va. 



The Gospel Messenger 

A good way to keep informed on what the 
Church of the Brethren is thinking and doing. 

Gift subscription rate for one year $2.25. 

Order now for a friend. We will send a gift card. 

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Church of the Brethren, GENERAL OFFICES, Elgin, IlHnois 



FEBRUARY 22, 1958 


David Corson from Devaney 

Sharing the News 

I A conversation with a close friend is something of a private mat- 
ter, but there are moments when the news is so vitally important that 
it has to be shared immediately. At such times you do not really object 
to an extra ear listening in on your personal private line. There is 
something about good news that just has to be repeated at once. 
You cannot keep your happiness to yourself. You want others to 
know, and often they are made just as joyful as you. 

From the beginning days of the Christian church the good news 
of Jesus Christ has been shared by friends who could not keep to them- 
selves what they had found in their Lord. "And the word of the Lord 
spread abroad throughout all the region." The news spread quickly 
when men discovered a new kind of power in the church. Why should 
not the telephone — and every other means of communication — buzz 
often with the good news that Jesus Christ can make all things new? 

Gospel Messenger 
^'Thy Kingdom Come" 


ELIZABETH WEIGLE - Editorial Assistant 


to the editor 

The Gospel Messenger welcomes letters commenting on editorials, articles and 
news. Letters should be brief and brotherly. 

gan of the Church of the Brethren. 
Published ■weekly by the General Broth- 
erhood Board, Norman J. Baugher, Gen- 
eral Secretary, 22 S. State St., Elgin, III, 
at $3.50 per annum in advance. Life 
subscription, $50, husband and wife, $60. 
Entered at the post office at Elgin, 111., 
as second-class matter. Acceptance for 
mailing at special rate of postage pro- 
vided for in section 1103, Act of October 
3, 1917, authorized Aug. 20, 1918. 
Printed in U.S.A. 

MEMBER: The Associated Church Press 

SUBSCRIBER: Religious News Service, 

Ecumenical Press Service, World Around 


Volume 107 

Number 8 

FEBRUARY 22, 1958 

In This Number . . . 

Editorial — 

Sharing the News 1 

More Than Conquerors 5 

How Jesus Looked 5 

The General Forum — 

Does the Bible Sanction War? 

M. Guy West 3 

"Hallowed Be Thy Name." 

John C. Middlekauff 6 

Winter's Beauty (verse). 

May Allread Baker 7 

In Spirit and in Deed (verse). 

Velta Myrle Allen 9 

The Role of the Rural Congregation. 

Donald Royer 10 

Volunteers in Training 12 

Volunteers on Project 14 

Family Fun Fare 18 

Reviews of Recent Books 27 

News — 

Kingdom Gleanings 16 

News and Comment From Around the 

World 19 

Church News 29 

Toward His Kingdom — 

Before Breakfast. Lena Wirth, R.N. . . 20 
Youth Take the Pledge. 

Mrs. Harlan J. Brooks 21 

"Will God Hold It Against Me?" 

Marianne Michael 21 

Church Year Dramatized. John D. Long 22 
The Anniversary Lessons. 

A. Stauffer Curry 23 

We Traded Daughters. Esther Mohler 24 
Aid to Refugees and Immigration . . 25 


A Billion for Peace 

In the President's speech to Con- 
gress he asks for 1.3 billion more 
for defense. Can he be serious? 
There should be a giant wave of pro- 
test from all thinking people as our 
legislators prepare to vote more 
recklessly than ever for weapons of 
mass destruction. He was wise in 
saying Russia's main threat is her 
economic thrust. Why then contra- 
dict with more money for non- 
productive missiles? 

A billion dollars is a staggering 
sum. And for killing and crippling. 
This should jar the Christian con- 
science of every baptized believer of 
the Prince of nonviolence. But we 
have become immune. Secretary 
Wilson once said, "I am still im- 
pressed with the size of a billion 
dollars." We heard a radio an- 
nouncer on this subject and he said 
it would take eight and one half 
years of solid counting to count that 
high. And we have spent seventeen 
billion already for missiles— for re- 
search and development. Is there 
no limit to our heady spending for 
that which will exterminate us and 
our brothers? 

A billion dollars would build a 
million-dollar church for each con- 
gregation in the Church of the 
Brethren, including Bean Settle- 
ment, Marble Furnace, and Barren 
Ridge. But we have over 1,000 con- 
gregations, so we might have to 
omit Elizabethtown and Fresno, 
since they have beautiful new edi- 
fices of which we can at last be 
justly proud as a denomination. 

But I forgot. The increase is 
1.3 and that 3 tenths is a lot of 
dough. So let's remember our col- 
leges which are in desperate need. 
But the need is perhaps greater for 
pastors' salaries and college teach- 
ers' salaries. We couldn't use the 
staggering sum wisely without its 
going to our heads, but should not 
our government be urged to think 
in terms of cancer research, helping 
Mexico with her eight and one-half 
million retarded Indians, and of a 
thousand areas of human poverty 
and ignorance rather than massive 
retaliation? The new president of 
the National Council spoke wisely of 
a need for massive reconciliation. 

This era may be known, as some- 
one has said, as the Golden Age of 
Waste. If we have 1.3 billion for 

keeping us out of war, I'd much 
prefer we would give it to the 
United Nations, for its armed truce 
teams.— Don Snider, Dixon, 111. 

Not a Matter of Opinion 

When we say that certain things 
are wrong for us to do, we hear 
someone say that this is a matter of 
opinion. My question is, where can 
we find in the Bible that we are 
allowed to pass our opinion on God's 
word? The Bible says we cannot 
serve God and mammon. Is that a 
matter of opinion, what it means to 
serve God, and what it means to 
serve mammon? God plainly tells 
us what to do, and what we should 
not do. If we give our hearts to 
the Lord and trust Him, and follow 
Him as our guide, we will not have 
a need to say, that anything is a 
matter of opinion. He will guide us 
in the right way . . . 

If we study our Bible, and do the 
things that He tells us to do, we will 
not want to bring worldly things in 
the church. We are told to let our 
light shine before men that they 
may see our good works, and glorify 
our Father in heaven Matt. 5:16. 
He did not tell us to let another's 
light shine. 

Do we not try to let anothers light 
shine, when we dramatize the life 
of another? Does the Bible say that 
the drama or movie of another's life 
will cause any one to glorify our 
Father in Heaven? Then why have 
dramatizing and movies in our 
church? If we keep our hght shining, 
we will not have time for these 
worldly things. . . . 

If we are gathered together in 
God's name and worship Him in 
spirit and truth, and Jesus is in our 
midst, it would take the spirit of 
worship away to have an object or 
an image of any kind in the church.— 
Almira J. Utz, Brighhvood, Va. 

Excellent and Timely 

The article, "Unforunate Fortu- 
nates" (Nov. 23) was a most excel- 
lent and timely one, an inspiration 
to the minister in his professional 
life, and timely for all lay members 
as well. Protestants, and we Breth- 
ren in particular, need to remember 
and respect the profession of the 
ministry and the minister as a pro- 
fessional man. In our "democratic" 
Continued on page 18 

The Bible must be evaluated 
in the light of Jesus' standards 

M. Guy West 

Does the Bible 
Sanction War? 

SINCE the beginning of 
the Church of the Breth- 
ren 250 years ago, the 
basic principle from which all 
of her beliefs and practices de- 
volved has been the acceptance 
of the Bible, particularly the 
New Testament, as the sole 
basis for faith and practice. 
This has been her only creed 
and through the years the de- 
votion of her members to the 
teachings of the Book has been 
such that there used to be a 
well-known saying that "If you 
show it to a Dunker in the 
Bible, all argument is ended." 
This being true, it follows 
that any serious consideration 
of the Christian's attitude to- 
ward war must begin, at least 

for Brethren (and it would 
seem for all Christians), with 
a careful examination of the 
teachings of the Bible on the 
subject. Does the Bible sanc- 
tion war, or does it lay upon 
God's people an inescapable 
obligation to be peacemakers? 
That sounds like a simple, easy 
approach to the problem. But 
the answer is not simple, nor is 
it easy to discover, for there is 
much in the Bible on this sub- 
ject which seems to be flatly 

The Old Testament concept 
of God is, largely, that of a 
"national deity" who cares for 
the Hebrew people and has 
little concern for others. So he 
leads his people in war, fights 

on their side, and if they are 
obedient, he delivers them and 
often directs them in ruthless 
destruction of their enemies. A 
couple of examples will suffice. 

In the 20th chapter of Deut- 
eronomy, beginning with verse 
10, we read: "When you draw 
near to a city to fight against 
it, offer terms of peace to it. 
And if its answer to you is 
peace, and it opens to you, then 
all the people who are found in 
it shall do forced labor for you 
and shall serve you." 

So the Children of Israel, 
invading the Promised Land, 
are to offer terms of peace to the 
occupants of the walled cities. 

FEBRUARY 22. 1958 3 

If their terms are accepted, 
then no blood is to be shed. 
Rather, all the people are to 
become slaves. But if the city 
refuses to surrender then these 
are God's instructions to his 
people: "If it makes no peace 
with you, but makes war against 
you, then you shall besiege it; 
and when the Lord your God 
gives it into your hands you 
shall put all of its males to the 
sword, but the women and the 
little ones, the cattle and every- 
thing else in the city, all its 
spoil, you shall take as booty for 
yourselves; and you shall en- 
joy the spoil of your enemies 
which the Lord your God has 
given you." 

Is that clear? If the people 
will not surrender and become 
slaves, then God's people are 
instructed to lay siege to their 
cities, and when God delivers 
the enemy into their hands they 
are to kill all the men, and 
take the women, children, and 
possessions to do with them as 
they choose. So they are to 

treat all the people out on the 
fringes of the Promised Land. 

But what about the people 
living in the territory where 
they are to settle? Your answer 
is in verse 16: "But in the cities 
of these people that the Lord 
your God gives you for an in- 
heritance, you shall save alive 
nothing that breathes, but you 
shall utterly destroy them." 
How is that for peacemaking 
instructions? Through the years 
the Church of the Brethren 
has been known as a "peace 
church," and her members have 
been urged to be pacifists. But 
if showing this to a Dunker in 
the Bible is supposed to end all 
argument, then perhaps it is 
not surprising that a large ma- 
jority of our people are not 
conscientious objectors to war. 
For this is a part of our Bible. 

Turning to the hymnbook of 
the Hebrew people (the Book 
of Psalms) you find some of 
the same spirit of vengeance 
and destruction. For instance, 
"Happy shall be he who takes 

Austin Cooper 
holds a copy oi a 
declaration of 
Brethren peace 
principles which 
was reprinted in 
the Gospel Visitor 
of 1862 when youth 
were faced with 
bearing arms 
against their 
Written by 
Benjamin Hershey, 
a Mennonite 
minister, it was 
signed by a 
number of Brethren 
elders and teachers 
and presented to 
the House of 
Assembly on 
November 7, 1775 


your little ones and dashes them 
against the rocks!" (Ps. 137:9). 
But surely this is enough to 
illustrate the problem. All of 
this is in our Bible, and if you 
show it to a Brethren in the 
Bible, all argument is supposed 
to be ended. Are we to be 
pacifists or militarists? 

This is not the whole story! 
The Old Testament which is 
rather militaristic has some no- 
table exceptions. There is the 
fifth commandment, "Thou 
shalt not kill" (Ex. 20:13), and 
the majestic words of the pro- 
phet, "They shall beat their 
swords into plowshares and 
their spears into pruning hooks. 
Nation shall not lift up sword 
against nation, neither shall 
they learn war anymore" (Mi- 
cah 4:37). 

Turning to the New Testa- 
ment, with few if any excep- 
tions, we find a clear, consistent 
call to nonviolent peacemaking. 
"Blessed are the peacemakers," 
we hear our Lord declaring, 
"for they shall be called the 
children of God" (Matt. 5:9). 
"You have heard that it was 
said, 'An eye for an eye and a 
tooth for a tooth.' But I say 
to you, do not resist one who 
is evil. But if anyone strikes 
you on the right cheek, turn to 
him the other also; and if any- 
one would sue you and take 
away your coat, let him have 
your cloak as well. And if any- 
one forces you to go one mile, 
go with him two miles" (Matt. 
5 : 38-41 ) . "You have heard that 
it was said, 'You shall love your 
neighbor and hate your enemy.' 
But I say to you, love your 
enemies and pray for those who 
persecute you." 

Forgiveness, Jesus taught, 
should be without limit— "sev- 
enty times seven" (Matt. 18: 
22). Turning to his disciples 
who had lived close to our Lord 
and knew his spirit, we hear 

Continued on page 8 



More Than Conquerors 

AT THE age of twenty-two a young man 
led his victorious armies out of Mace- 
donia and crossed from Europe into Asia 
near the ancient city of Troy. He was the con- 
queror who would be known as Alexander the 
Great. At the plains of Troy he visited the 
tomb of his ancestor, the Greek hero Achilles, 
and took from its temple the sacred shield of 
Ilium, which he carried into battle against the 

When Alexander died ten years later, he 
had subdued the armies of his opponents, and 
nearly all the civilized world was at his feet. 
He had gone as far east as India, and he was 
recognized as the pharaoh of Egypt. As a 
result of his conquests, Greek culture and lan- 
guage were spread throughout the world. But 
his was primarily a career of conquest. In his 
own pagan way he felt he was guided by a 
sense of divine mission. As a boy he had studied 
under one of the greatest of Greek philosophers, 
but the teachings of Aristotle, while they must 
have whetted his cmiosity and sparked his am- 
bition, never brought his restless spirit under 
control. Still a young man, he died of a fever 
in the ancient city of Babylon. 

Almost four hundred years later another 
young man stopped at Troas, near the ancient 
city of Troy. He too had studied at the feet of 
a great teacher, and he too had a sense of 
divine mission. He was Paul of Tarsus, not a 
conqueror in any military sense, but one who 
believed that men can be "more than conquer- 
ors" through the love of Jesus Christ. 

At Troas Paul heard a call to reverse the 
course that Alexander had taken. The call came 
from Macedonia, where Alexander had lived 
as a boy. A man from Macedonia was calling 
for help. So Paul, the conqueror for Christ, 
crossed from Asia to Europe, carrying no shield 
but the shield of faith. He had no phalanx of 
trained soldiers, but he had a gospel that could 
literally turn the world upside down. He went 
unarmed, glorying not in his military powers, 
in stolen wealth, or in an empire taken by force; 
but glorying rather in the power of God and 
in the strength of faith he sought to take the 
world for Christ by the preaching of the gospel. 
That gospel in due time, thanks in part to Paul's 
teaching and writing, would bring to the Roman 
world a new culture, more universal than the 
philosophy of Plato and Aristotle. 

Like Alexander, Paul pushed ahead as one 
obsessed with a world vision. His passion took 
him to Rome, to the center of wealth and power 
in his time. His death was that of a prisoner, 
not the death of a conqueror; yet his cause 
continues and his name commands far more 
universal respect than Alexander could have 
dreamed of. 

Apparently the lessons of history are not 
easily learned. The way of Alexander is still 
set before us as the way to victory and achieve- 
ment. But it is a bloody, passionate, selfish 
way, and the end result is death and destruction. 

The way of Paul is far less dramatic, perhaps 
as dangerous, and fully as difficult. But it is 
never a lonely way, and it is never a futile way 
because it is God's way. There are calls from 
Macedonia waiting to be heeded. Who will 
take the shield of faith and discover what Alex- 
ander in his world conquest never found, how 
to be "more than a conqueror through him who 
loved us"?— K. M. . 

How Jesus Looked 

NO ARTIST has been able to paint a por- 
trait of Jesus that will satisfy Christians 
everywhere. If he is pictured with the 
characteristics of any one national or racial 
background, he may seem alien to others who 
think of him in terms of their own understand- 
ing. If artists try to describe him in more uni- 
versal terms, their pictures become abstract and 
symbolic, losing touch with more human qual- 

Too many artists, says Harold Ehrensberger, 
professor of religion and creative arts at Boston 
University, make Jesus look as if he won first 
prize in a beauty contest. The professor would 
have artists emphasize Jesus' heroic and manly 
qualities. But it could be that in picturing Jesus 
as an aggressive "man of action" we are trying 
to Americanize our concept of him, seeking to 
make him after our image. 

What is wrong with picturing Jesus as a 
citizen of the Middle East who lived much in 
the out of doors? In physical appearance he 
must have looked like other Hebrew carpenters 
and teachers. But whatever qualities are sought 
in a portrait of Christ, the artist's supreme chal- 
lenge is to show us "the light of the knowledge 
of the glory of God in the face of Christ." — k.m. 

FEBRUARY 22, 1958 5 


Wed Be Thy Name" 

H. Armstrong Roberts 

WHEN we pray to God 
our heavenly Father, 
what should be upper- 
most in our hearts and minds? 
Certainly not something for 
ourselves; certainly not the 
physical and the material. Jesus 
said that the first thing we 
ought to do when we pray is 
to ask God that his name be 
reverenced, that God will cause 
us to glorify him, that he will 
cause men to respect his holi- 
ness, love, and mercy. "Our 
Father . . . hallowed be thy 

In reality, the first petition in 
this prayer is the same we find 
in John 12:28 when Jesus 
prays, "Father, glorify thy 

What is the significance of a 
name? When we ask that ques- 
tion, we probably recall that 


John C. Middlekcnift 

Shakespeare, in Romeo and Ju- 
liet, has Juliet say when she 
discovers that her lover is a 
Montague: "What's in a name? 
that which we call a rose by 
any other name would smell as 

Well, what is in a name? Is 
it only a tag of identification so 
teachers can give us grades, the 
mailman will know how to de- 
liver our letters and bills, and 
parents can call their children 
in from play? They do serve 
the practical purposes of iden- 
tification, but they are more 
than that. Our names stand for 
what we are: our characters, 
personalities, accomplishments, 
ideals and attitudes. 

The name Abrahmn Lincoln 
brings to mind a man who was 
bom in a log cabin in Hardin 
County, Kentucky, February 

12, 1809, and who became the 
sixteenth President of the 
United States and who was 
assassinated by John W. Booth 
on April 14, 1865. We think of 
his appearance, his attitudes 
towards slavery and the South, 
his compassion, his humility, 
his faith in the Union, his de- 
pendence upon God, and the 
words he spoke at Gettysburg. 
His name stands for the man 
and what he was. 

In our day, we do not attach 
as much significance to names 
as the ancients did. We give 
our children names that sound 
well or we name them after 
rich relatives or prominent per- 
sonalities. But the ancients at- 
tached great significance to the 
names they gave to their chil- 
dren. Hannah named her son 
Samuel— "asked of the Lord"— 
for she said, "I have asked him 
of the Lord" (1 Sam. 1:20). 

David named one of his sons 
Solomon which means "peace- 
able" because he anticipated 
that his son would have peace 
and quietness in his reign in 
contrast to David's stormy life. 
And Joseph and Mary named 
their first son Jesus— "Jehovah 
is salvation"— because the angel 
said, "You shall call his name 
Jesus, for he will save his peo- 
ple from their sins." 

God's name stands for God 
himself. So that, when Jesus 
taught the disciples to pray, 
hallowed be thy name," he was 
not only teaching them to rev- 
erence God as an abstract idea 
but as One having specific char- 
acteristics, One who has re- 
vealed himself in a definite way 
and who can be distinguished 
from other deities men worship. 

It makes a world of difference 
how you think of God. If you 
think of him as one "oblong 
blur" or the impersonal First 
Cause or an offended, vengeful 
deity, then your religion will be 
one thing. If, on the other hand, 
you think of him as a loving, 
heavenly Father, the God Jesus 



God's world is very wonderful 
This tingling winter day. 
For flashing gems of ice 

The landscape dull and gray. 
A thousand diamonds lend their 

From every hedge and bush. 
And gnarled old maple limbs are 

With frost as thick as plush. 
Even the common beggar weeds 
Fine coats of silver wear. 
The pines seem made of crystal 

With snow wreaths in their hair. 
Spring and stunmer have their 

beauty — 
And glorious the falL 
But winter, with its frozen 

Is loveliest of all! 

Christ revealed, then your reli- 
gion will be something vastly 

On our coins we stamp, "In 
God we trust." That is a pious 
statement but it is not true. In 
reality, we trust in atomic wea- 
pons, jet bombers, military 
training for every able-bodied 
man who reaches eighteen, and 
the greatest industrial potential 
on the face of the earth. We 
would not publicly say it as 
bluntly as the statesman who 
said, "God is always on the side 
of the heavier battalions" but 
in reality, that is the kind of a 
God in which Americans trust. 

Jesus bids us trust in a God 
who loves, who forgives, who 
seeks the lost and erring in ten- 
der mercy, who wills that men 
should live together in brother- 
hood, righteousness, and jus- 
tice. This is the God Jesus 
called Father and this is the 
God we are to hold in holiness 
and reverence. 

Since this is a prayer for 
reverence, it seems to me that 
there are at least four areas in 
life where reverence must be 

First of all, as this prayer sug- 
gests, we need to have rever- 
ence for God's name. Since 
God's name stands for God's 
person, his being, let us avoid 
using his name in any way that 
would suggest that we are pro- 
fane or irreverent. But since 
his name represents himself, 
just to avoid profanity is not 
enough. We must reverence 
God himself. And this, it seems 
to me, can best be done by liv- 
ing as a son or daughter. A 
son best honors his parents by 
a worthy life, by obedience to 
his parents, by caring for them 
when they are in need. The 
best way to reverence God is 
to be the kind of person he wills 
for us to be, to do the things 
which please him, to so live that 
the values of his kingdom of 
love and righteousness are giv- 

en priority in our lives. It is 
not enough to honor God with 
our lips; we must honor him 
with our lives. 

In the second place, we need 
to show reverence for God's 
house. A church building is 
different from any other build- 
ing in the community. A church 
is the only building in a com- 
munity that has been dedicated 
to God's glory and set apart as 
a house of prayer for all people. 
Because it is God's house, we 
ought to conduct ourselves with 
reverence every time we enter 
it, and we should teach our 
children to do the same. 

So frequently, people are 
thoughtless and careless about 
the house of God. Across the 
years, I have been hurt time 
and time again by workmen 
who smoke while working in 
the building, by children eight, 
ten, twelve vears old — old 
enough to know better — who 
use the church as a playground, 
by men coming into the sanc- 
tuary during the week and 
keeping their hats on. One of 
the most embarrassing experi- 
ences of my life was to be in 
St. Peter's in Rome several years 
ago, a member of a party of 
Americans taking a tour of that 
great church, and having a 
priest come up to one of the 
men and asking him to take 
off his hat. Even though he was 
a Protestant in a Roman Cath- 
ohc church, yet it was the house 
of God and out of reverence he 
should have bared his head 
without being told. 

One of the few times that 
Jesus became indignant was 
upon the occasion of his cleans- 
ing of the Temple. Coming to 
the center of the worship of 
God— the Temple in Jerusalem 
—Jesus found that they had 
turned it into a market place 
for the sale of animals and the 

FEBRUARY 22, 1958 7 

exchange of money. As he 
drove out all who sold 
and bought m the temple and 
overturned the tables of the 
moneychangers and the seats of 
those who sold pigeons, he said 
to them, "It is written, 'My 
house shall be called a house of 
prayer'; but you make it a den 
of robbers" (Matt. 21: 12ff). 

The church in our day has 
often been made over from a 
place of prayer to a market 
place. It is one thing to have a 
fellowship supper in the church 
or to serve a dinner for a group 
of church men or church wom- 
en. But it is something vastly 
different to sponsor bingo, to 
have card parties, bazaars, and 
dinners to which the public is 
invited and which are held for 
the sole purpose of making 
money for the church. The 
church needs money— always 
more than it gets— but let its 
members who love the Lord 
give it out of love, give it sacri- 
ficially, give it systematically, 
and not ask the world to pay for 
God's work. Let's increase our 
reverence for God's house. 

In the third place, let us rev- 
erence God's Word. Think how 
Jesus reverenced God's Word! 
He read it; he stored its truths 
in his mind; he lived by it. 
When he was tempted, he re- 
sisted the insidious wiles of the 
tempter by quoting from God's 
Word. When he defended his 
ministry, he did so by quoting 
from God's Word. When he 
hung on the cross, he found 
solace and peace by recalling 
the words of the psalmist, part 
of the Jewish Bible. 

The Bible is the most widely 
translated book in the world, 
and it outsells, by far, any other 
piece of literature that the 
world has ever known. And, 
yet, there is much evidence to 
back up the frequently heard 


statement that it is the least 
read book among the best sell- 
ers. All of us own a copy of the 
Bible but how many of us read 
it? Some read it every day; 
others keep it on the living- 
room table where it gets dusted 
once a week along with the 
other bric-a-brac but as far as 
being read, it just is not. 

We reverence God's Word, 
not by buying a Bible or by dis- 
playing it in our homes but by 
reading it and by living by its 

Finally, we ought to rever- 
ence God's children. Despite 
the fact that Ghrist died for all 
men, human life is still held by 
some to be cheap. On Aug. 28, 
1955, two white ex-soldiers— J. 
W. Milan and his half brother, 
Roy Bryant— murdered in cold 
blood, a fourteen-year-old Ne- 
gro boy from Chicago, Emmett 
Till. The boy was accused of 
wolf- whistling at Mrs. Bryant. 
These two men frankly admit- 
ted the murder, but because of 
the nature of the offense, the 
color of the boy, and the nature 
of things in Mississippi, they 
were promptly acquitted. 

Several months ago, a maga- 
zine sent a reporter to interview 
the two men, to see how they 
felt about the matter after a 
year had gone by. They admit- 
ted murdering the boy but are 
puzzled because their white 
neighbors shun them and be- 
cause the Negroes will not work 
for them. But they showed no 
remorse; they felt no guilt. The 
boy was a Negro and that made 
the difference. But when we 
pray, "Hallowed be thy name," 
we are praying for reverence, 
reverence for God and his chil- 

If you ever cross the ocean 
on a ship, each day at noon, if 
you are near the bridge, you 
will see one of the officers 
"shoot the sun." You might be 
tempted to say, "Why bother 
looking at the sun; let them 

keep their eyes on the wheel." 
But good seamanship requires 
the captain to fix his position 
each day if he wants to avoid 
the shoals, the rocks and to 
reach his destination in safety. 
This business of living re- 
quires us to fix our position in 
terms of God's will for our lives. 
To do this requires reverence. 
Moffatt's translation of Ps. 
25:12 is a forceful reminder of 
this value of reverence. "Who- 
ever reverences the Eternal, 
learns what is the right course 
to take." 

Does the Bible Sanction 

Continued from page 4 

such words as these: "Repay 
no one evil for evil" (Rom. 12: 
17). "Do not be overcome by 
evil, but overcome evil with 
good" (Rom. 12:21). 

Yes, there are a few passages 
in the New Testament which 
have been used to sanction war. 
But when you take the life and 
teachings and above all the 
spirit of Jesus Christ, then there 
is a clear and unmistakable call 
to nonviolent reconciliation. 

But while this is comforting 
to those who find Biblical sup- 
port for pacifism, it presents a 
problem to the man who would 
take the Bible as the sole basis 
for his' faith and practice. For 
here in the Book which we ac- 
knowledge as God's Word we 
find conflicting points of view. 
On the one hand, war is not 
only endorsed, but the most 
ruthless and ciiiel treatment of 
captive peoples is carried out 
in the name of and at the direc- 
tion of God. On the other hand, 
even defensive warfare is pro- 
hibited and God's people are 
commanded to love their en- 

Perhaps it is not surprising 
that Brethren, who have tended 
to intei-pret the Bible literally 
and have a long heritage of 


taking it as their final source of 
authority, have often found 
themselves confused and un- 
certain when confronted by the 
problem of war. Could this be 
true of other Christians as well, 
and if so, what is the solution 
to this perplexing dilemma? 

It is my contention that there 
is a solution and that it is found 
in an understanding of the na- 
ture of the revelation which 
we have in the Bible. 

Some people believe that God 
either wrote the Bible himself 
or else dictated it letter for 
letter and word for word. 
Moses and Matthew and others 
through whom he spoke acted, 
according to this view, as a 
typewriter, writing what they 
were directed to write without 
any initiative on their part. 
They were "instruments" in the 
hands of God to record his mes- 

This point of view makes all 
parts of the Bible equally 
authoritative. There are no 
high peaks where men saw the 
will of God more clearly, and 
no low places where their in- 
sights were limited. Conse- 
quently, the bloody counsel of 
Deuteronomy and Samuel are 
as binding upon God's people 
today as the Sermon on the 

On the other hand, there are 
people who understand that 
revelation involves both God 
and man and that God has al- 
ways been limited in what he 
could reveal of himself by the 
ability of man to grasp and 
understand the revelation. This 
being true, some parts of the 
Bible present a more mature 
and authoritative revelation of 
God than others. Instead of be- 
ing on a dead level, the Bible 
slopes upward. Or to express it 
in another way, the Bible is a 
progressive revelation of the 
heart and mind and spirit of 
God, culminating in Him who 
was God incarnate. 

In Spirit and in Deed 


To live by faith each single day 
Is, O dear God, the greatest 


To know thee better. 
So with each hovir I breathe a 

That my associates may share 

The Spirit with the letter. 
For faith must demonstrate with 

To fill each day with every need. 
And if we trust him as we should 
We find we share in all that's 


And this point of view is con- 
firmed by the Bible itself. In 
the opening lines of the Book 
of Hebrews we read, "In many 
and various ways God spoke of 
old to our fathers by the proph- 
ets; but in these last days he 
has spoken to us by a Son, . . . 
He reflects the glory of God and 
bears the very stamp of his na- 
ture" (Heb. 1:1-3). 

To me that statement says 
that it is only in and through 
God's Son that we have a per- 
fect revelation. Through others 
he spoke as clearly as he could, 
but in Jesus Christ we have "the 
very stamp of God's nature." 
Jesus himself said, "He that 
hath seen me, hath seen the 
Father" (John 14:9); "I and the 
Father are one" (John 10:30). 
Nobody else ever made such a 
claim. Moses and Isaiah were 
men of God, but neither they 
nor any others ever claimed to 
be "one with the Father." Only 
in Jesus, therefore, do we have 
the perfect revelation of God. 

This truth is further con- 
firmed by the fact that Jesus 
unhesitatingly corrected Old 
Testament standards when they 
were out of harmony with his 
superior insights. Throughout 
the Sermon on the Mount you 
have this repeated statement: 
"You have heard that it was 
said . . . , but I say unto you." 

So God has always revealed 

himself to people as fully and 
as completely as he could, but 
he was able to do it perfectly 
only in and through Jesus. 
Consequently, the rest of the 
Bible must be evaluated in the 
light of his standards. 

Neither war nor bloodshed 
and destruction represent his 
will, even when sanctioned by 
Moses and Samuel in confi- 
dence that in so doing they 
were being led of the Lord. 
Jesus must have had them 
in mind when he said, 
"You have heard that it hath 
been said, 'An eye for an eye 
and a tooth for a tooth,' but I 
say vmto you." 

His message, make no mis- 
take, is always one of love, 
sacrifice, self-denial and forgive- 
ness. And since in him we 
have the climax and perfection 
of God's revelation, it follows 
that everything else must be 
judged in the light of his spirit. 

This does not mean that we 
reject the Old Testament. We 
accept it as the inspired word 
of God— inspiried as fully and 
completely as God was able to 
reveal himself to the people 
who wrote it. But we do not 
turn back to it for our standards 
of conduct if and when those 
standards fall far below the 
perfect revelation of God in 

Consequently, the Bible need 
not leave us confused and un- 
certain, even of a difficult sub- 
ject such as war. For, once the 
nature of revelation is under- 
stood, then the Sermon on the 
Mount, and not the instructions 
of Deuteronomy, become bind- 
ing upon God's people. In the 
light of this fact one can under- 
stand the statement attributed 
to a high official of Selective 
Service: "I cannot imagine how 
a Jew could be a conscientious 
objector nor how a Christian 
could do otherwise." 

FEBRUARY 22, 1958 9 

DURING this anniversary 
year our attention will 
be focused on two com- 
munities where Brethren his- 
tory was made— Schwarzenau 
and Gemiantown. Little atten- 
tion will likely be paid to the 
Conestoga country in Lancaster 
County, Pennsylvania. 

Yet, when one assesses its 
importance to Brethren devel- 
opment over the past 250 years, 
the Conestoga country in gen- 
eral and the original Conestoga 
congregation in particular, 
must rank with Schwarzenau 
and Germantown in signifi- 

Says Floyd E. Mallott in 
Studies in Brethren History: 
"Germantown has long carried 
the title 'mother church' among 
the Brethren. Claim to the title 
rests on such bases as priority 
of date, the cultural importance 
of Germantown for German 
Americans, the personalities re- 
siding there, and the fact that 
the first Brethren meetinghouse 
was built there. The growing 
center of the church was else- 
where—in the Conestoga coun- 
try (Lancaster County). The 
Brethren multiplied, not in an 
urban, but in a rural setting." 

It was in November 1724, one 
month after the Coventry con- 
gregation had been organized, 
that the Conestoga congrega- 
tion came into being, the result 
of a visit by the Germantown 
Brethren. Beginning with less 
than twelve members in 1724 
the congregation grew to thirty- 
five by 1730, despite the 
competition of the Beissel 
movement at Ephrata. 

By 1748 there were 200 mem- 
bers and by 1908 the original 
Conestoga congregation had 
been divided and subdivided 
into 20 congregations with 
nearly 5,000 members. Today, 
the 20 congregations include 
over 7,500 communicants. 

The Role of the 

Rural Congregation 

The importance of the ori- 
ginal Conestoga congregation, 
however, lies in the fact that 
it was the forerunner of what 
we might call the stable rural 
congregation, the type of con- 
gregation which for over 200 
years was the heart and soul of 
the Church of the Brethren. In 
fact, it was the Church of the 

True, there was a scattering 
of urban congregations, but 
when we celebrated our two- 
hundredth anniversary in 1908, 
nine out of ten congregations 
were of the stable rural type. 

Let us look, then, at the char- 
acteristics of the stable rural 
congregations of which Cones- 
toga was the "mother church," 
and which had been the foun- 
dation of the Brotherhood for 
over 200 years. 

Like the original Conestoga 
congregation, the hundreds of 
stable rural congregations 

Donald Royer 

which followed it always estab- 
lished themselves in fertile soil 
areas. Whether in the fertile 
limestone valleys of southeast- 
ern Pennsylvania and western 
Virginia, or on the deep black 
prairie soil of northern Indiana 
or Iowa, these congregations al- 
ways had a good productive 
land base. 

In fact, this is one of the rea- 
sons why we call them stable. 
Their wealth was in their top 
soil which they conserved with 
remarkable care. After genera- 
tions of such stewardship they 
have left the earth as rich or 
richer than when they first set- 
tled on it. 

Because of this fact, the 
stable rural congregation has al- 
ways been self-sufficient finan- 
cially, has never been a mission 
church, and has given to the 
total church program far out 



The stable rural congregation established itself in fertile soU 
areas and developed deep roots and families with sturdy character} 

of proportion to its numbers. 

Because they were such good 
stewards of the soil, over the 
generations these stable rural 
congregations and the families 
in them developed deep roots, 
accumulated much wealth, but, 
with it all, a sturdiness of char- 
acter which has colored the 
Church of the Brethren down 
to the present day. 

Driven deep into each grow- 
ing child was a strong sense of 
responsibility for his life, his 
talents, his waking hours; and 
awareness that a Dunker's word 
was as good as' his bond, a sense 
of dedication to the task at 
hand. He learned to respect 
property, his own and other 
people's too. 

Practically all of the traits, 
strong and weak, which make 
up the Church of the Brethren 
and its members today were 
cradled and developed in these 
stable nnal congregations of 
the past— the Conestogas, the 
Meadow Branches, the Pine 
Creeks, the Panther Creeks. 

It will be another generation, 
at least, before the Brethren 
character and church organiza- 
tion will cease to be dominated 
by the rural heritage which 
was at the core of our Brother- 
hood for over 200 years. 

Today in the Central Region 
one out of three congregations 
is still stable rural with more 
than half of the members in 
each case receiving most of 
their income from farming. 
These fertile soil areas contain 
approximately 100,000 or two 
thirds of the 160,000 Brethren 
living east of the Mississippi 

Stable rural congregations 
which have their roots deep in 
the past include White Oak 
(formerly part of Conestoga) in 
Eastern Pennsylvania; Meadow 
Branch in Eastern Maryland; 
Mill Creek in Northern Vir- 
ginia; Painter Creek in South- 

The Shenandoah Valley was a productive land base for many rural 
congregations as were the Pennsylvania valleys and the Iowa soil 

ern Ohio; Pine Creek in 
Northern Indiana; Milledge- 
ville in Northern Illinois; and 
Panther Creek in Middle Iowa. 
These are but seven of possibly 
600 stable rural congregations 
in the Brotherhood. 

From the time of the original 
Conestoga congregation down 
to the present day the stable 
rural congregation has been 
composed largelij of German 
stock. Pennsylvania - German 
was a sacred language. In fact, 
up until the present generation, 
the Brethren who really be- 
longed in the deepest sense of 
the word to these congregations 
were those who could speak the 
Pennsylvania-German dialect. 

Many of the members of 
these congregations learned 
Pennsylvania-German at their 
mother's knee and their English 
from the schoolteacher. 

When the stable rural con- 
gregation was in need of a min- 
ister it could "call" one from 
its midst. It was stable, there- 
fore, in terms of leadership. 
Partly for this reason, the stable 
rural congregation was the last 
one to abandon the free min- 

Indeed, as with its wealth so 
with its leadership, the stable 
rural congregation has contrib- 
uted ministers, teachers, and 
missionaries to the Brotherhood 
far out of proportion to the 
number of such congregations 
throughout the nation. The 
fact that our fathers and grand- 
fathers prayed, preached, sang, 
conversed, and learned their 
nursery rhymes in Pennsyl- 
vania-German explains in part 
why these stable rural congre- 
gations were so closely knit and 
were able to pass on so effec- 
tively the traditions of the 
church for over 200 years. 

Another outstanding charac- 
teristic of the stable rural 
congregation, whether in Penn- 
sylvania, Ohio, Illinois, or Kan- 
sas, has been its ability to grow 
its own leadership. It has never 
had to depend on the district 
to supply it with either minis- 
ters or elders. 

Finally the stable rural con- 
gregation has through the 
generations been the chief con- 
server of the basic beliefs, doc- 

Continued on page 18 

FEBRUARY 22, 1958 


At hand to greet the volunteer and to guide him through his training 
Ijeriod were Fran Clemens, seated left, the acting director of the 
program, and three assistants, from left, Royce Roesch, Gordon 
Fishbum, and Carol Anstine. 

Volunteers in Training 

Sometime around September 1 of last year the one- 
thousandth person to enter the Brethren Volunteer Service 
program unpacked his ( or her ) bags at New Windsor. Since 
the fifty-seven members of the thirty-seventh unit, one of 
the largest in BVS history, arrived practically en masse, no 
one could figure out just who deserved the honor of being 
number 1,000. Besides, no one volunteer, however photo- 
genic, could experience all the activities of the BVS program, 
whether in training (these pages) or on project (see next 
two pages). You simply have to follow several volunteers 
at one time. So here they are, volunteers who have finished 
their apprenticeship at New Windsor and who are now 
scattered around the world in twenty different projects. 

Right, top lo bottom 

In many projects volunteers will work as teachers and counselors with 
children. From a Holy Land Treasure Chest they acquire information 
and techniques for teaching the Bible to children and youth. 

Volunteers learn to master a number of simple crafts, not only for 
their own enjoyment, but for use in connection with their assignments 
on project. 

The "quiet room" at the New Windsor center provides a place where 
volunteers in training may retreat for devotional reading, meditation, 
and prayer. Glen and Marlene Born were one of the two married 
couples in the September unit. 



All sorts of recreation— including this taffy pull— are 
involved in a volunteer's training. In many he develops 
skills for future leadership. Study and play go together. 

Concentrated study for half-day periods is an important 
part of BVS training. Floyd Mitchell was the leader 
for a week's study of personal devotions and worship. 

Volunteers come from communities all over the United States — and a 
few have come from other countries. Most of them are young in years — 
but a few older persons have participated. Most of them have been mem- 
bers of the Church of the Brethren — but other denominations have been 
represented in almost every unit. Following his training period in New 
Windsor a volunteer is assigned to one of twenty-seven projects in the 
United States, Puerto Rico, Asia, Africa, or Europe. For a glimpse of 
volunteers at work in home mission centers, community service, and foreign 
assignments turn the page . . . 

Volunteers spend half days at New Windsor on work 
projects, in most cases in the relief clothes processing 
room. Some will later distribute clothing. 

WhUe they study, work, and play together volunteers 
know that they are contributing directly to help 
someone in need, and preparing for later service. 

FEBRUARY 22. 1958 




At the end of the training period each volunteer confers with Ora 
Huston, Brotherhood staff representative, concerning his forthcoming 
assignment to the project where he will spend the next ten months. 

Volunteers on Project 

Glen Bom, an agriculture and engineering graduate who plans to 
make industrial arts his lifework, is serving in BVS as an alternative 
to military service. His project at New Windsor involves responsibility 
in the maintenance work at the center. Here he is at work on the 
remodeling of a center apartment. 

Teaching religious education to the children one half hour each week 
from August until Christmas and home visitation one day each week 
is on the schedule of BVS'ers Ann Louise Hummer and Elaine Groff, 
who are at the Flat Creek church, Kentucky. 

Eunice Whitacre plays on the teeter- 
totter with some of the children at the 
community center at Modesto, California, 
to which she was assigned. 



Don Judy is helping a Negro contractor in Baltimore 
rebuild a brick wall for a widow (left). Sylvia Bucher 
makes good use of her craft experience in a Baltimore 
community center. 

Arlene Coy is the schoolteacher for the children of 
the continentals who are on the staff of the ijroject at 
Castaner, Puerto Rico; she has five continentals, and 
one Puerto Rican girl, besides two continentals in 

Barbed wire separates this volunteer from the East 
I German police at the border. Each volunteer is taken 
to the border as part of his orientation when he 
arrives in Germany for his two years of service. One 
of the things a volunteer does is to check the boxes 
(1 of material aid as they come into the warehouse. 

FEBRUARY 22, 1958 



Surprise in Reverse! 

Treasurers and individual contributors 
were perhaps overconfident about January's 
outcome as Brotherhood Fund "check-up" 
month. In place of last January's encouraging 
gain, this January's giving total was $44,052 
less than that of a year ago, a surprise decrease 
of twenty-five per cent. 

As pressing obligations face the General 
Brotherhood Board in sustaining this year's 
expanded ministries and services, treasurers 
and others are urged to send funds to the 
Board's treasurer. Please include the name 
of the church and the district. 

A regional student exchange meeting of the Kassel 
area on Jan. 18 and 19 brought together at the Brethren 
House over twenty former GeiTnan exchangees and 
seven American International Christian Youth ex- 
changees spending their exchange year in the Kassel 

E. S. Hollinger, pastor of the Buck Creek church. 
Southern Indiana, died at the Wayne hospital, Green- 
ville, Ohio, which he had entered just four weeks be- 
fore for X rays and examination. A memorial fund is 
being set up to assist in the preparation of future 

On March 2 the commission on ministry, home 
missions, and evangelism of Second Virginia is planning 
a conference for pastors and local church men's work 
chairmen to discuss the responsibility of all church 
leaders in the recruiting of new church leaders. The 
meeting, to be held in the Pleasant Valley church, 
will begin with a fellowship dinner at 6 p.m. 

Word has come to the Gospel Messenger office that 
Rufus Jacoby, a member of the University Park church, 
Eastern Maryland, has two contributions in the travel- 
ing religious art exhibit, God and Man in Art. A silver- 
smith as well as a teacher at Calvin Coolidge High 
School and Catholic University, Brother Jacoby is 
exhibiting a chalice and a candelabrum. A news story 
about the traveling exhibit appeared in the Jan. 18 

1958 Laboratory for Peace Workers 

The second Brotherhood-wide laboratory for peace 
workers will be held from July 27 to Aug. 3 at Camp 
Mack in Indiana. Sixty delegates— half from Central 
Region, half from fifteen other districts— may attend. 
Districts are urged to send a team of workers. The 
cost will be $25 per person plus transportation. For 
more information write to Galen Lehman, Regional 
Office, North Manchester, Ind., or Dan West, R. 1, 
Goshen, Ind. 

Plans for solicitation of funds on the island of 
Puerto Rico for the new community hospital at Cas- 
taner are being completed in anticipation of funds 
from the Hill-Burton Act. 

Sunday-school secretaries please note: Lesson leaflets 
for adults will not be available for the April, May, and 
June quarter. These are listed on the Sunday-school 
order form by error. Do not order. 

The daily vacation church school conference of the 

Central Region will be held at Manchester College, j 
Ind., on March 7 and 8. The program will begin on 
Friday at 7:30 p.m. and close at the end of the after- 
noon sessions on Saturday. Workshop training will 
be provided for each age group, with separate sessions 
for the beginning and the advanced workers. 

Training conferences on local church evangelism 
will be conducted in the districts of Missouri, Feb. 24 
to March 2. They will be held at the following 
churches: Feb. 24, Rockingham; Feb. 25, Kansas City; 
Feb. 26, Warrensburg; Feb. 27, Osceola; Feb. 28, li 
Carthage; March 1, Cabool; March 2, St. Louis. The ii 
conferences will be under the direction of Stewart B. E 
Kauffman and Ralph Skaggs. : 

Experience in shipping Share Our Surplus products } 
has revealed that more than 300 pounds of cost-free, 
foods have been shipped overseas and distributed for 
each dollar given. There is yet need for funds to 
fulfill our budgeted allocation for shipping and dis- 
tributing SOS foods. Please include name of church 
and district for Brotherhood Fund credit when remitting 
to the General Brotherhood Board, Elgin, 111. 



Fire at the Brethren Service project building in 
the migrant camp at Belle Glade, Fla., on the week 
end of Feb. 1 completely destroyed the equipment of 
the Brethren Service unit and the personal belongings 
of the unit members, but no one was injured. This 
loss further aggravates the emergency situation pre- 
vailing among the migrants because of the cold and 
rainy weather there this season. An article, written 
before the fire occurred, which describes this situation, 
will appear in the March 1 issue of the Gospel Messen- 

Changes in Anniversary Travel Plans 

Commercial airlines will be used for travel to Eil 
rope this summer instead of the chartered planes origi 
nally planned. Block space has been reserved a; 
follows: eastbound, June 13, June 26, July 20, July 27 
westbound, Aug. 17, Aug. 20, Aug. 27. In addition 
space is available at an>' date most satisfactory to thosi 
planning for this program. The Shultz tour will trave 
eastbound June 26 and westbound Aug. 20. Announce 
ment of dates for the historical torn- to be diiected b" 
Don Dinnbaugh will appear later. Infonnation i 
going to those who have applied for space. Arrange : 
ments should be made immediately. Anyone wh 
desires further information or is unclear about arrange j 
ments should write to the Brethren Service Commissior | 
General Brotherhood Board, Elgin, 111. 

Brotherhood Theme: Brethren Under the Lordship of Christ 

The Modesto Brethren Service and Church World 
Service Center at 919 Emerald Ave., Modesto, Calif., 
will be dedicated on Feb. 23. Open house is from 
2:00 to 5:00 p.m., and the dedication ceremony begins 
at 3:00. 

Clergy Fares Available to Conference 

The Eastern, New England, and Southern associa- 
tions have agreed to co-operate with the Western 
Passenger Association in arranging to sell through 
round-trip clergy tickets to Des Moines for the Annual 
Conference. These tickets may be sold from June 9 
to 16 inclusive upon presentation of clergy certificates 
good in origin territory only. Such tickets will be good 
for a period of thirty days in addition to the date of 
sale, and the fares will he computed on the basis of 
the one-way first-class fare for the round trip according 
to the route traveled. In addition, the Western Passen- 
ger Association is authorizing the use of diverse routes 
within western territory on the basis of one half of the 
applicable fare via the route of travel in each direction. 

Report on Youth Seminar 

The ninth annual Brethren youth seminar was held 
in Washington and the United Nations, Feb. 3-7, with 
256 persons in attendance from sixteen states. The 
largest group, 116, came from the Central Region; 
they came in three chartered busses. Almost ninety 
attended from the Southeastern Region and forty from 
the Eastern Region. The Western Region sent thirteen. 

Several exchange students were among the partici- 
pants. They were Young Kim from Korea and McPher- 
son College, Annigret Stuerve from Germany and 
Washington, D.C., Sigrid Lueders from Germany and 
Bridgewater, Va., and Siegmar Roth from Austria and 
Lombard, 111. 

Under the theme. Government Is the Christian's 
Business, the seminar offered an opportunity for 
Christian youth and their adult counselors to study 
the United States government and the United Nations 
at first hand. Directors of the seminar were Ralph E. 
Smeltzer, director of social education, Brethren Service 
Commission, and Ed Grill, director of youth work, 
Christian Education Commission. Washington seminar 
arrangements were handled by C. LeRoy Doty and 
Alfred Nyce of the staff of the National Service Board 
for Religious Objectors. New York seminar arrange- 
ments were handled by James D'Amico, pastor of the 
Calvary Church of the Brethren, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

An address. The Christian Basis of Political Educa- 
tion and Action, opened the seminar on Monday. In 
the afternoon the seminar attended meetings on dis- 
armament and foreign aid at the Department of State. 
Visits followed to ten different foreign embassies. A 
Monday evening dinner meeting evaluated America's 
disarmament proposals. 

On Tuesday the seminar divided into small groups 
for visits to legislators, committee hearings, the 
Senate, the House, the Supreme Court, and the White 
House. The Tuesday evening dinner meeting heard 
Glenn Everett, Washington correspondent for Religious 
News Service. The Wednesday program consisted of 
discussions on racial integration, labor-management 
relations, effective political action, and the draft. 
On Thursday and Friday in New York the seminar 

attended sessions of the United Nations, visited foreign 
delegations to the United Nations, and was addressed 
by Andrew W. Cordier, executive assistant to the 
secretary general. Dr. Cordier is also a Brethren min- 
ister and a former chairman of the Brethren Service 

One of the high points of the seminar was the 
opportunity each person had to visit his own congress- 
man or one of the senators from his state. Some were 
able to have only a visit of ten or fifteen minutes with 
their legislators, but others were given an hour or 

Another high point was the closing session in New 
York. Each person had an opportunity to evalute the 
seminar on a form provided for that purpose. Then 
several told how they planned to interpret the seminar 
to the folks at home. The seminar closed with an 
inspirational worship and commitment service. 

The Church Calendar 

Februaiy 23 

Lesson outline based on International Sunday School 
Lessons; the International Bible Lessons for Christian 
Teaching, copyrighted 1951 by the Division of Chris- 
tian Education, National Council of Churches of Christ 
in the U.S.A. 

Sunday-school Lesson: The Church at Worship. Matt. 
18: 19-20; John 4: 23-24; Acts 1: 12-14; Col. 3: 12-17. 
Memory Selection: He said to them, "It is written, 
'My house shall be called a house of prayer.' " Matt. 
21: 13 (R.S.V.) 

Feb. 23 Commitment Sunday 

March 3-7 Adult seminar, Washington, D. C, and New 
York City 

March 7-8 Central Region daily vacation Bible school 
conference, Manchester College, Ind. 

March 16 One Great Hour of Sharing 

March 30 Palm Sunday 

With Our Evangelists 

Will you pray for the success of these meetings? 
Will you share the burden which these laborers carry? 

Bro. Elmer Hoover of Elizabethtown, Pa., in the Swa- 
tara Hill church, Pa., March 2-16. 

Bro. Russell G. West of Wiley, Colo., in the Ashland 
church, Oliio, March 16-23; in the Poplar Grove church, 
Ohio, March 24-30. 

Bro. C. O. Brubaker of Lima, Ohio, in the Pitsburg 
church, Ind., March 23-30. 

Bro. Roy McAuIey of Elizabethtown, Pa., in the Pleas- 
ant Hill church. Pa., March 30-April 3. 

Bro. Burton Metzler of McPherson, Kansas, in the 
Marsh Creek church, Pa., March 30-April 6. 

Bro. William Longenecker of Mount Joy, Pa., in the 
East Petersburg church. Pa., March 31— April 6. 

Bro. Donald Miller of East Berlin, Pa., in the Manheim 
house. White Oak congregation, March 23— April 6. 

Gains for the Eongdom 

Three baptized in the Blue Ridge church, Thurmont, 
Md. Two baptized and three received by letter in the 
Morgantown church, W. Va. 

Two baptized in the Salunga church, Pa. 

Five baptized in the Sugar Creek church, Ohio. Five 
baptized in the Bethany church, Ind. Three baptized and 
three received by letter in the Alliance church, Ohio. 

FEBRUARY 22, 1958 


The Role of the Rural 

Continued from page 11 

irines and traditions of the 
church. It is through the Mea- 
dow Branches, the White Oaks, 
the Mill Creeks that we have 
been able to keep intact an un- 
broken heritage for over 200 

This type of congregation, 
though always conservative, 
has always had a healthy skepti- 
cism of the fundamentalist, on 
the one hand, who regarded the 
whole Bible as infallible, and of 
the liberal, on the other, who 
would strip Jesus of all his di- 
vinity. These rural congrega- 
tions, deeply devoted to historic 
Brethren beliefs and practices, 
have never fallen captive to ex- 
tremist ministers or pastors who 
flouted the basic beliefs of our 
Anabaptist-Pietist heritage. 

At times the stable rural con- 
gregation has seemed to lose 
the inner meaning of Brethren 
beliefs and practices because of 
its stress on outwai'd form. It is 
true that in the past the Breth- 
ren in the Painter Creeks, the 
Panther Creeks and the Cones- 
togas have lived in a small 
world which sometimes gave 
them a narrow vision. Yet, fun- 
damentally they kept the 
Brotherhood in touch with the 
salt of our heritage— our peace 
witness, our sense of democracy 
and equality, our belief in sim- 
pHcity in worshi